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Acadians of Le Grand Dérangement

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The goal of this project is to create profiles for every Acadian who was deported from Acadie. The project is a sub-project of the Acadian Project which will be the ultimate authority. We will work closely with Acadian Project leaders and collaborate with many other projects as this project develops.

I am Jacqueline Girouard and I will lead the project. Will you join me? Please post a comment here on this page, in G2G using the project tag (Space:Acadian_Exiles), or send me a private message. Thanks!

Here are some of the tasks that I think need to be done. I'll be working on them, and could use your help. Choose a task or a small part of a task and go for it!

  1. List all of the villages Acadians were exiled from
  2. List the people who were exiled from Acadia
  3. Make profiles for the people who don't already have one
  4. Identify all of the ships that carried them: add profile ID, ship name and sailing date, if possible, to our Ships Categories Workpage until categories have been created
  5. Add appropriate categories to new and old profiles (See growing list at bottom of page view.)
  6. Contact Steff Mandarino if new categories are needed (final category names and hierarchy to be determined by Acadian and Categorization Project leaders)
  7. List all of the places where Acadians were dispersed
  8. Identify the places where they ultimately settled

Wikipedia has a lot of information but there are other sources which I will add later. We don't need to duplicate what's on these web pages--our project will focus on the people. See:

Team Members:

  1. Girouard-4019 20:19, 10 June 2021 (UTC)
  2. Fournier-255
  3. Steff Mandarino

From September to December 1755 took place the banishment from the Peninsula of 6,000 Acadians, who were sent off in five detachments. [1]

Contents

Colony of Massachusetts

  • 900 Acadians exiled to Boston [2]
  • 1763:Boston Aug. 13. 1763: My Lords

I wrote to your Lordships the 28th of last month informing that severall of the Acadians called french Neutrals had been with me to signify their intention to go to Old France, for which purpose they expected transports from France: & I desired your Lordships directions how I should act upon this occasion. They have since brought me a list of the persons who intend to go, which I have analysed & find it stands thus. Families __ 179; Heads of families, Persons__320, Sons__363, Daughters__336, Total: 1019; List of French Neutrals desiring to relocate to France, Mass. Archs., 24: 486-491, enclosed in Andrew Oliver to Jasper Mauduit, 24 Aug. 1763, Mass. Archs., 24: 484-485. [3]

  • 1764 Dec, Boston: “P.S. I have sent away the original of this letter. I have received two lists of families which now wait to go to Hispaniola amounting in the whole to 67 families & 406 persons.” The RC enclosed transcripts that FB made of French-language documents presented to him by Paul Landry on behalf of the Acadians. The first enclosure was the so-called “manifest” of the French governor of Hispaniola: this was a proclamation of 26 Jun. 1764 informing all Acadians wishing to emigrate to the French colony of St. Domingue to apply to Jean Hanson in New York. Paul Landry’s copy of this document is not extant, but FB’s copy is in Mass. Archs., 24: 505 with an English translation at p. 523. The copy enclosed with the letter printed here is in CO 5/755, f 159, along with Paul Landry et al., memorial to the governor of Massachusetts, 1 Dec. 1764 (also in French), ibid., 161-162. The third enclosure was FB’s proclamation prohibiting the transportation of the Acadians, 28 Nov. 1764, ibid., 163. [4]
  • 1765: FB presented the Acadians’ memorial to the assembly on 25 Jan. 1765, urging that their case “is truly pitiable.” Theirs was a stark choice, he warned: poverty and distress in Massachusetts, or, if they should escape to Hispaniola, the “certain Destruction” of their families (given what he had learned about the high mortality rates among the émigrés who had managed to get there). While the Council approved making provision for their support, the House refused on 5 Feb., and insisted that relief was the responsibility of those towns where the Acadians been “placed” many years before. In the meantime, the Governor and Council expended £80 on fuel and subsistence, which sum was reimbursed by the Overseers of the Poor in Boston; many Acadians found work in the town, but it was clear to the Overseers that assistance was essential to prevent any more deaths on account of their “distressed circumstances.” Some Acadians may have been living on Castle Island, whither they had been directed one year earlier when their transports were intercepted, but the majority were likely cooped up in a sugar house at Windmill Point (near present-day South Station) that the town had rented, but where disease was rife. JHRM, 41: 177, 213; memorial of Jean Trahant et al., and accompanying list of 406 Acadians, Boston, 1 Jan. 1765, for which see Mass. Archs., 24: 511-516 with an English translation at 521-522; report of a committee of Council, 1 Jan. 1765, ibid., 524; report of the Boston Overseers of the Poor, 3 Mar. 1765, ibid., 536; account submitted to the General Court by Royal Tyler, 3 Mar. 1765, ibid., 541. The plight of the Acadians in Boston during this time is narrated in Pierre Belliveau, French neutrals in Massachusetts: the Story of Acadians rounded up by Soldiers from Massachusetts and their Captivity in the Bay Province, 1755-1766 (Boston, 1972), 223-245.[5] [6]
  • 1765 May 3rd. Boston : I herewith inclose a Petition of some french Neutrals residing within this Province: The Case of these people is deplorably hard; an Attachment to the religion, in which they were bred, is their only Crime; and that brings upon them all the difficulties they labour under. Some time ago they were all going to Hispaniola: As soon as I was made acquainted with this, I put a stop to it within this Province; and have since receiv’d Lord Halifax’s approbation of my conduct therein. They now want no restraint of that Voyage: for they have received such certain advice of the great mortality among the parties that went there & the misery & Ill treatment of the survivors, that there is no desire remaining of going thither: and they are now content to become, or rather to continue, British subjects. But they can’t think of settling down any where without the exercise of their religion; which this province not Affording, they are obliged to look further. some have desired me to recommend them to the Governor of Canada; the inclosed is the first application I have had for your province. when they presented it I observed to them, that I did not believe that it was in your power to grant them the priviledges of Canadians: the utmost they could expect would be a connivance at a priest and visiting them now & then;[7]

Censuses

  • 1764 Census [8]

Acadians

  1. Jaqui Maurice [9]; at St Pierre, & there saw Jaques Maurice the leader of the 90 Acadians that went off last Winter; that Jaques Maurice with tears in his Eyes lamented that he had left this Country.[10]
  2. Lablong & Wife 15 Jan 176, deceased, Alms House, Boston, sent by Joseph Gardner Esqr., p.141. [11]
  3. Joseph Burjear a French Man received into the House somtime in October 1765, p.168 [12]
  4. Received into the House on prov. Accott. Peter Turner Wife & Child French people [13]
  5. memorial of Jean Trahant, et al., and an accompanying list of 406 Acadians, Boston, 1 Jan. 1765. There is a copy of the memorial in Mass. Archs., 24: 511-516,
  6. Boston Febry 25, 1766. Mr Ibbart & Mr Bros, two french Acadians, who are going by Ordr of the General Court to Quebec. the Acadians Hibbert and Bro left Fort Halifax without Indian guides. Concerned for their safety, FB contacted the Quebec governor James Murray on 3 May, sending the letter by sea and enclosing No. 446. BP, 4: 129. By this time, however, the Acadians had successfully completed their mission. Murray to FB, Quebec, 28 Apr. Mass. Archs., 24: 562. [14]
  • Boston, Feby 25, 1766. I have accordingly dispatched two of the Acadians deputed by the Rest, named Stephen Ibbart & Alexis Brou (“Stephen” or Etienne Hibbert (also rendered as Hibert or Hebert); his colleague was Alexis Bro (or Broux/Broe/Breau). According to the Lists delivered to me, they will amount to about 700 Souls; a very Valuable acquisition to a Colony[15]
  1. I have seen the cheif Acadian (Robicheau by name) whom I employed to treat with his countrymen in this province about their settling in some part of his Majesty’s American Dominions:[16]


Deportation Ships

Research Notes

  • Louis A. Surette, an Acadian, dwelling at Concord, Mass. [17]


Bristol, England

Censuses

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

List of Acadians present in Bristol and appearing in Winslow's list, the DGFA and BIM declarations.

Falmouth, England

Censuses

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

Penryn, England

Censuses

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

Cornwall, England

Censuses

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

Colony of Connecticut

  • January 21, 1756, which forbade any Acadian to depart from the town to which he had been assigned without written permission from the civil authorities of such town. [18]

Censuses

1756 January, Acadian Dispersion to Connecticut Towns [19]

  • New London, 12 persons; A vessel with 300 on board came into New London harbor, January 21st, 1756. Another vessel, thronged with these unhappy exiles, that had sailed from Halifax early in the year, and beinjy blown off the coast, took shelter in Antigua, came from thence under convoy of a man-of-war, and arrived in port May 22d. Many in this last vessel were sick and dying of the small-pox. [20]
  • Groton, 8
  • Saybrook, 7
  • Lebanon, 12
  • Pomfret, 6
  • Plainfield, 4
  • Hartford, 13
  • Norwich, 19 persons; In 1767, however, some persons, evidently of influence and authority, gathered the scattered remnants of their people at Norwich, whence 240 of them were carried to Quebec by Captain Leffingwell in the brig "Pitt." [21]
  • Preston, 6
  • Killingsworth, 4
  • Coventry, 5
  • Killingly, 8
  • Canterbury, 5
  • Windsor, 13
  • Stonington, 11
  • Lyme, 8
  • Windham, 8
  • Mansfield, 5
  • Woodstock, 6
  • Voluntown, 3
  • Weathersfield, 9
  • Middleton, 16
  • Tolland, 3
  • Colchester, 7
  • Symsbury, 6
  • Ashford, 3
  • Branford, 8
  • Wallingford, 12 people; The town of Wallingford received twelve exiles, and the manner in which it discharged its trust is exemplified by an entry in the records of the town under date of December 21, 1756. It was voted, "That the Selectmen be impowered to proceed with the French people in this town as with other town's poor, respecting binding them out, etc., etc."[22]
  • Woodbury, 9
  • Norwalk, 12
  • Danbury, 6
  • Glassenbury, 4
  • Haddam, 3
  • Hebron, 5
  • Suffield, 5
  • New Haven, 19
  • Milford, 9
  • Durham, 4
  • Fairfield, 17
  • Stanford, 9
  • Newton, 4
  • Farmington, 14
  • East Haddam, 6
  • Bolton, 3
  • Enfield, 3
  • Guilford, 11
  • Derby, 4
  • Waterbury, 6 persons; In 1763 the town "Voted, to give the French family in this Town, in order to Transport sd. French Family into the Northward Country, not exceeding Ten pounds, including Charitable Contributions."[23]
  • Stratford, 14 persons; fourteen Acadians were assigned to Stratford. Among them was William Rose, a gardener.' Rose married Jeannette Mann. His children were Peter, Mabel, Charity and Polly. He died April 21. 18 12, aged 90 years. [24]
  • Greenwich, 6
  • Litchfield, 3 persons from Maryland [25] Sibyl Sharway, or Shearaway, has been preserved as that of one of the Acadians assigned to Litchfield. [26]; One of the number (named Sybil Sharway or Shearaway) married Mr. Thomas Harrison, a prominent citizen of this town, in 1764, and her descendants are now among our most excellent and respected people.[27]; January, 1759, it was "voted that the Selectmen may provide a house or some suitable place in the town for the maintenauce of the French.' In the County Treasurer's record is the following: "To paid John Newbree for keeping William Dunlap and the French persons [28]

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

  • there has lately come to the town of Woodbury two families of French neutrals from Maryland, three persons in each family. One family sent to the town of Litchfield. The other family was sent to the town of New Milford. [29]
  • 1755, Grand Pre , 400 souls to Connecticut: disbursed to 50 different towns. [1]


Colony of Georgia

  • Most Acadians deported to Georgia in 1755 did not remain there long. With the Governor’s approval most Acadians took boats north in hopes of reaching Acadia. Those that remained left few, if any, records. In 1793 during the L’Ouverture slave uprising in Saint-Domingue (Haiti) a number of Acadians fled Saint-Domingue (Haiti) and landed in ports along the southeastern seaboard of the United States. Several of those entering Charleston, SC eventually went to St. Marys, GA in the early 1800’s.
  1. Oak Grove Cemetery (Founded: 1787)

Location: Bartlett Street at West St. Marys Street, St. Marys, GA

  • Contains graves of Acadians that escaped the L’Ouverture slave uprising in Saint-Domingue

(Haiti) beginning in 1793 and settled in St. Marys, GA – after a short stay in Charleston, SC until early 1800’s. Marguerite Comeau, an original Acadian deportee, was buried here in 1829. [ http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~guedrylabinefamily/genealogy/extant_acadian_records_pt2.html]

Censuses

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

Louisiana

Acadians as Slave Owners

  • A Fractured Foundation Discontinuities In Acadian Resettlement, 1755-1803, Leanna Thomas

University of Central Florida, 2011 [30], p.55,56

  • in 1777 Olivier Thibeaudot purchased a slave from Englishman Isaac Mitchell, and René Trahan bought a slave from French official Louis Judice. Later, in 1780 Frenchman Benoit de St. Clair sold a slave to Acadian father and son Joseph and René Broussard.
  • in the Cabannocée region, Eustache Daigre and Pierre

Arseneau acquired six and eight slaves respectively prior to 1790. Similarly, in 1796 in the Opelousas region Charles Comeau owned ten slaves, Michel Comeau owned twelve slaves, and Silvain Saunier owned eleven slaves. Finally, by 1803 Attakapas resident François Broussard acquired seventeen slaves.

Colony of South Carolina

1,000 Acadians exiled to Soutth Carolina [31]

Censuses

Acadians

  • Mayee, Quiatist, fr: Novia Scotia, a French Neutral, bur. 17 Sept. 1756, age 34 yrs. Ch: Yd. [32]

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

Colony of North Carolina

1,000 Acadians exiled to North Carolina [33]

Censuses

1756- Jacques Morris

Church Records

  • The county record (Kingstree, S.C.), March 12, 1914 [34]

An account of how the Acadians sent to Prince Frederick Parish were distributed Tuesday, 10th August, 1756:

  1. Joseph Durong his wife Ann Lambert, dead 27th Oct, 1756; their children: to Andrew Burnet
  2. Mary Durong to Margret Wells
  3. Josette Durong to Samuel Gregg
  4. Ann Durong to William Thompson
  5. Margt Durong to Hannah White
  6. Mary Ann Durong, Dead 13th Oct
  7. Rosalie Durong to Andrew Burnet
  8. John Daigle , his wife Rosalie Ricard and their child John Baptist Daigle to Dr Jas Crocket
  9. Peter Lambert and of his children to Chars Woodmason
  10. Peter Lambert to Chars Woodmason
  11. John Lambert to Charles Woodmason
  12. Francois Leblanc DD Nov 6th-dead, his wife Magdalen Cormie DD 28th Oct~died, their children viz
  13. Josetta Leblanc to Anna King
  14. Osick Leblanc to Henry Furthy
  15. Magadalene Leblanc to - Swinton
  16. Teaslie Leblanc to Henry Furthy
  17. Margaret Leblanc to Richard Horsley
  18. Paul Olivier Dead, his wife Magdalene Bourk Dead to John Rose
  19. Margt Daigle Widow, and her three children viz, Paul Forrait, Larion Forrait, John Baptist Forrait to Revd John Baxter
  20. John Baptist Porrier to Col John White
  21. Michell Porrierre Dead to Doct Jas Crocket

Pierre Caisee to Revd John Baxter Michel Lapierre Dead to Col. John White Renai Drowhany to Chas Woodmason

Deportation Ships

Providence[35] : sloop from George's Island in Halifax Harbor [2]

Research Notes

  • At a Council held at Wilmington the 7th May 1756; Jacques Morris came and appeared in behalf of himself and one hundred French being Part of the French Neutrals sent to Georgia and came Coastways in small Boats having a Pass for himself and Family from Governor Reynolds and Governor Glenn and Put into Cape Fear the Twenty second day of Aprill where they were detained until the Council met this day, Then His Excellency proposed to them that if they would stay in this Province and take the Oath of Alegiance to His Majesty they should have settlements allowed them which they absolutely Refused saying they would not stay in this Colony and that they took the Oath of Alegiance before and would not take it again.[36]
  • Mr. Vail moved that a Sufficient Sum be allowed and paid to the Neutral French in and about Chowan County towards their subsistance.; Resolved, That the sum of Twenty five pounds proclamation Money be laid out in provisions and other necessaries by the Treasurer of the Northern District and delivered the said Neutrals and that the said sum be allowed him in account with the Public. [37]


Colony of Maryland

Fredericktown was the residence of part of the Acadians or French Neutrals who were exiled from Acadia in 1755. Inasmuch as some thirty or forty of these unfortunate people resided in this county for several years [38]

  • "Issabel Brassey, 8 in family; Eneas Auber, alias Huber, 6 in do.; Eneas Granger, 9 orphans, Joseph Auber. 24th of March, 1767: [39]

Following their deportation to Maryland, Acadian exiles from Nova Scotia (also called "French Neutrals") settled in Princess Anne, Snow Hill, Oxford, Newtown (today Chestertown), Georgetown, Fredericktown, Baltimore, Annapolis, Upper Marlboro, Lower Marlboro and Port Tobacco -- their surnames listed on the 1763 Acadian lists. [40]

Censuses

Feb 1756: [41] Munier, Joseph, Leblanc, Simon

Fredericktown & Georgetown

1763 Acadians in Fredericktown and Georgetown, Maryland [42]

Francois Hebert

Marie Joseph his wife, children:

  1. Alexander
  2. Amant
  3. Jean
  4. Etienne
  5. Pierre
  6. Joseph
  7. Charles
  8. Marie Magdeleine
  9. Marguerite Richard - orphan
  10. Marie Boudrot - orphan
Paul Hebert

Marguerite his wife, children:

  1. Joseph
  2. Magdeleine
  3. Anne
  4. Ignace
  5. Marie
  6. Jean Baptiste
  7. Amant
  8. Antoine
  9. Paul
  10. Marguerite
Pierre Hebert

Marguerite his wife, children:

  1. Charles
  2. Marie Magdeleine - orphan
Jean Baptiste Grange

Marie Joseph his wife, children:

  1. Jean Baptiste
  2. Magdeleine
  3. Marie
  4. Francoise
  5. Marguerite
  6. Joseph
  7. Anastazie
  8. Ozith
  9. Elizabeth
  10. Modeste
  11. Marie

The petition of the orphaned children of Jean Baptiste Granger [43] petitioned contained a touching narrative of their misfortunes and sufferings. This petition showed that other French Neutrals, living at Newtown, Kent County (Newtown was the name then applied to Chestertown), had received aid from the court of that county, and expected to start for Canada in about a month; and that they (the Grangers) had been in captivity for twelve years, and were desirous to remove to Canada; and that several of them had had the small-pox.[3]

Joseph Babin

Marguerite his wife, children:

  1. Marguerite
  2. Ester
  3. Joseph
  4. Jean Baptiste
  5. Moise
  6. Paul
  7. Charles
Elizabeth Brasseux
  1. Pierre
  2. Marguerite
  3. Marie Magdeline
  4. Marie
  5. Blaize
  6. Anne
  7. Marie Rose
Ignace Hebert
  1. Jean Baptiste
  2. Marie
  3. Joseph Hebert - orphan
Marguerite widow of Bellony LeBlanc
  1. Marie Marguerite
  2. Marie
  3. Magdeleine

Deportation Ships

900 Acadians were forcibly sent from Nova Scotia to the colony of Maryland. Four vessels entered the Severn River at Annapolis in late November 1755 and quickly redistributed to eight areas on both sides of the Chesapeake.[44] Leopard - schooner - 170 Acadians sent to Annapolis and Baltimore Col. Winslow mentions in his report two vessels destined for Maryland. [45] The Leopard, 87 tons burden, Thomas Church, master, and the Elizabeth, 93 tons burden, Nathaniel Milbury, master. On board, The Leopard received 178, an excess of 4, and the Elizabeth 242, an excess of 56 over her complement.[46] The Banger, 90 tons burden, Francis Peirey, master, and the Dolphin, 87 tons burden, Zebad Farman, master, received respectively, 263 and 230 passengers, or 83 and 56 over their complements according to tonnage. 1'hese were embarked from Peziquid, under the direction of Capt. Murray. This makes 420 from Grand Pre and 493 from Peziquid, a total of 913 passengers for Maryland, who had been declared the King's prisoners. [47] the Dolphin and Ranger, the two vessels loaded by Capt. Murray for Maryland, had 50 and S3 more than their tonnage allowance. [48] Maryland Gazette, Thursday, Dec. 4: We are told that three of these vessels are to sail with the first wind (which we heartily wish soon to happen), one for Patuxent River, another for Choptank, and a third to Wicomico, there to wait the orders of his Excellency the Governor.[49] Three of the vessels had been sent as indicated in the Gazette of Dec. 4 to the Patuxent, Choptank and Wicomico rivers, respectively, and thence distributed to the adjacent counties. The fourth was retained at Annapolis; the allotment of Baltimore County were sent in a vessel employed by the Governor, and landed at Philpotts point.[50] " to take and return to the next August Court of their respective Counties, to be entered on the Records of the said Coun- ty, an exact list of all and every such French Neutral, in their several hundreds, distinguishing therein their men, women, boys and girls." This act was to continue in force for one year. At the termination of that period it was renewed for a second year.[51]

Research Notes

  • Two of the Neutrals, one imported at New York and the other here, have obtaind my Leave to go to Annapolis in quest of their Families who they think are in some of the Ships which have arrivd in your Province. If they light of them, or any other of the wives & children belonging to those imported here, I desire the favour of you to suffer as many to come to their Friends here as these two will undertake to con- duct and defray the charges of their Journy. I do not mean to put you or my self to any Expence for their removal. But if loseph Munier & Simon Leblanc who are recommended to me as good and worthy People and one of whom had been in the service of his Majesty will bring any here at their own Expence I desire they may be indulgd to do it. I am Sir, Your most faithfull and most obed' Humble Serv', Rob' H. Morris, Philadelphia, 2d Feb 1756 [52]
  • [Sharpe to Morris.] Letter Feb 1 4, 1756—Your Lett' of the 1st & 2nd Inst as well as one dated the 29th Jan, Your Request in favour of Munier & Le blanc shall be complied with whenever they desire to return to Philadelphia the Wife & Family of the first are here, the other is gone to look for his in a distant part of the Province. [53]

Colony of New York

1756 April 30: People brought from Nova Scotia [4] [54]

  • 1756 May 6- Acadiens distributed as follows: [55]
  1. Daniel Garsen wife and 11 children to Richmondtown, Staten Island
  2. Joseph Malic, wife and 7 children to Flatbush. Long Island
  3. Joseph Blanchard, wife and 3 children to Bushwick. Long Island
  4. Glode Doucet, wife and 8 children to Jamaica
  5. Seres Etben, wife and 8 children to New Town
  6. Joseph Commo, wife and 7 children to Flushing
  7. Zachary Richard, wife and 6 children to Hempstead
  8. Chas. Matton, wife and 3 children to Oysterbay
  9. John Marten, wife and 2 children to Oysterbay
  10. Lewis Geroid, wife and 6 childrento Huntington
  11. Jerama Gouder. wife and 2 children to Huntington
  12. Michael Richard, wife and 6 children to Southold
  13. Francis Martin, wife and 5 children to Easthampton
  14. Alex. Elbert, wife and 5 children to Southampton
  15. Francis Commo. wife and 8 children to Brookhaven
  16. Peter Loe. wife and 3 children to Smithtown
  17. Charles Savoit. wife and 8 children to New Rochelle
  18. Ra Selena and wife, Charles La'motten, wife and child to New Rochelle
  19. Francis Quela. wife and 8 children to Rye.
  20. Jean Tournier. wife and 2 children to Rye.


Censuses

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

1756 July 5: An Act to empower the Justices of Westchester, Suffolk, Queens, Kings and Richmond Counties respectively to bind out such of his Majesty's Subjects commonly called Neutral French as have been removed from Nova Scotia to this Colony and distributed into the said Counties. [5]

Church Records

Colony of Pennsylvania

Deportation Ships

  • Hannah, sloop, Richard Adams, master, 137 Acadians
  • Three Friends, sloop, James Carlisle, master, 156 Acadians: 18 more than its 2 per ton burden.[56]
  • Swan, sloop, Jonathan Loviett, master, 161 Acadians
  • possibly a fourth, which may have been lost at sea [57] This reference may be to the Boscowan, meant for Pennsylvania, but never sailed. [58]
  • 454 Acadians to Pennsylvania

Acadian Families

Bucks County

Chester

Paul Bujauld

Lancaster County

====Philadelphia County====

  • Feb 1756: Munier, Joseph, Leblanc, Simon allowed to remove from Maryland to Pennsylvania to search for their wives and children. [59] Simon found his in Philadelphia, Joseph did not. [60]
  • Jean Baptiste Galerm Galerne-4: 1756, Philadelphia - A relation of the misfortunes of the French neutrals, as laid before the Assembly of the Province of Pennsylvania, by John Baptiste Galerm Galerne-4 one of the said people. [61]
  • Colonial records of Pennsylvania, 1838, v.7, p.239; A Petition was presented to the Governor in Council by the Neutral French, [62]

2 Sep 1756 " Many of Us had yet a Little Money, but it is now expended, having been employed in such refreshments which were necessary for the better: Subsistence of our Familys, so that we are ready to perish except assisted by your Excellency ; or that at least you would be pleased to order that Vessels Suitable to our unhappy situation be provided that so that we may be sent back either to our own Country or to our Country People. These are the sincere and ardent desires of those who are with the deepest respect, my Lord, your humble Servants,

  1. PIERRE DOUCET
  2. JOSEPH TIBANDO,
  3. PIERRE MELANSON
  4. PHILIP MALANSOxNT,
  5. JE AN DOUCET
  6. CHARLES LA BLANC,
  7. PIERRE ANCOIN
  8. SIMON BABIN,
  9. BATUTE TIBANDO
  10. PIERRE LANDRY,
  11. DANIEL LE BLANC
  12. PAUL BOURG,
  13. St. PIERRE BABIN
  14. PIERRE BABIN,
  15. CHARLES LE BRUICE
  16. MATHURIN LANDRY
  17. PAUL BUJAULD
  18. BAPTISTE BAUBIN
  19. OLWIG TIBANDO
  20. PAUL LE BLANC.
  • "The Governor directs me to inform the Speaker and the Committee that it is the unanimous Opinion of the Council and himself that the French Prisoners should not be treated as Prisoners of War. That he recommends it to the House to provide for them in such a manner as they shall think fit. That it might be better they shou'd be more generally dispersed and settled as far from the Frontiers as possible."
  • On Sept. 2, 1756, a bill was passed deciding that they should not be treated as prisoners of war, and in January, 1757, a bill was passed whereby their children should be bound out and the aged, maimed and sick provided for. A later re- quest was made, (September, 1757,) that they be allowed to bring their effects from Nova Scotia, but this was denied. On March 21, 1757, five were arrested at the request of Lord Loudoun as fomenters of mischief, but they were subsequently acquitted and released. They finally found their way back to Philadelphia where they were found in distress in 1/58, (See "Colonial Records, vols. 6, 7, and 8.)[63]
  • 1757 Feb 7: A Petition was presented to the Governor by the Neutral French,, complaining of the Hardships they are put to by the late Act of Assembly, in binding out their Children, which was delivered to the Speaker, and recommended to the House.

N. B. — The Translation of the French Neutrals Petition, is inserted in the Votes of Assembly. [64]

  • 1757 Feb 10: At a Council held at Philadelphia, A Message from the Assembly on the Petition of the Neutral French, which was sent to the House, was read, and ordered to be entered as follows : May it please your Honour :

" You wore pleased, by your Message of the Second of September last, to inform the then Assembly that it was your Opinion that the late Inhabitants of Nova Scotia, now in this Province, should not be treated as Prisoners of War, and recommended it to the House to make Provision for them accordingly. In pursuance of this Message, the Assembly passed a Bill providing for them in the best Manner their Circumstances would admit of, which has received your Approbation, and is now enacted into a Law; Yet your Honour was yesterday pleased to send down to us a Petition, directed to your Honour by some of the said Inhabitants of Nova Scotia, in behalf of themselves and others, requesting they may be sent to or permitted to join the French Nation, but without intimating what it is you expect from us, or how far you would recommend it to us to interfere in the Matter. We, therefore, having made the Provision we conceive necessary for the Relief of those People, return the Petition, but should your Honour think fit to inform us what it is you would recommend to be further done by us thereon, we will take it into our serious Consideration." Signed by Order of the House. ISAAC NORRIS, Speaker. [65]

  • 1757 Mar 21: At the Request of Lord Loudoun the Governor issued the following "Warrant to apprehend Charles Le Blanc, Jean Baptiste Gallerme Galerne-4, Philip Melancon, Paul Bujauld, and Jean Landy, Five Neutral French :

Pennsylvania, ss: . ^' Whereas, Information hath been made to me, "William Denny, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania and Counties of Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex, on Delaware, that

  1. Charles le Blanc and Jean Baptiste Gallerme Galerne-4, now in Philadelphia City
  2. Philip Melancon, now in Frankfort, in the County of Philadelphia;
  3. Paul Bujauld, now in Chester, and
  4. Jean Landy, now in Derby, Inhabitants of Nova Scotia, lately imported into this Province, are suspicious and evil-minded Persons, and have, and each of them hath, at divers Times, uttered menacing Speeches against His Majesty and His liege Subjects, and behave in a very disorderly Manner ; You are, therefore, hereby strictly charged and commanded to apprehend, or cause to be apprehended, the said
  5. Charles Le Blanc
  6. Jean Baptiste Gallerme Galerne-4
  7. Philip Melancon,
  8. Paul Bujauld, and
  9. Jean Landy, and when taken to commit them, and each of them, to the Jayl of the City of Philadelphia, there to remain till they are legally discharged. Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms at Philadelphia, the Twenty-First Day of March, in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Fifty-Seven. [66]
  • 1757 Apr 25: London (governor of Virginia 1756-1757) to Fox ; New York, 25 April, 1757. He tells of the infinite trouble he has with the Quakers recruits and magistrates alike ; then of his high-handed measures with the French Neutrals, who, while he was in Pennsylvania, had tendered him a Memorial in French. He has seized five "ringleaders"; has put them aboard Capt. Falkingham's Ship ; & sent them to England. For fear they should return, as they certainly will, " if they are turned loose," he asks that they be employed as sailors aboard Ships of War.

He makes no mention of any trial, or even of a military investigation ; but he takes it all on the information of one of the Neutrals, who had been " a Spie of Colonel Cornwallis, & afterwards of Governor Lawrence." (F.F. 8-9.) (F. 15 vo.) [67]

  • 1757 May 2, New York: An account of the Forces embarked on Board the Transports at Sandy Hook in New York, the "Sutherland" of 50 guns, Capt. Falkingham; [68] The London Chronicle. United Kingdom, n.p, 1757.
  • 1757 Aug 16 : At a Council held at Philadelphia, The Case of the French Neutrals was set forth by Anthony Benezet Benezet-1, and they being found worthy of Commiseration, it was sent and strongly recommended to the Commissioners to do all in their Power for them.

[69]

  • 1796 11 Aug: Forrest, James, mariner, Philadelphia, PA., Proof of U. S. Citizenship. Baptismal Record from St. Mary's Church in Philadelphia, PA: 12 eb 1774, the same day he was born, the son of James Forrest and Catherine his lawful wife. Sponsors were Denis and Margaret Dougherty. Record Group 36: Records of the U.S. Customs Service, 1745 - 1997Series:

Proofs of Citizenship Used to Apply for Seamen's Protection Certificates for the Port of Philadelphia, 1792 - 1861File Unit: 1792 - 1798 (P), image 153, [70]

Censuses

1756 Report of the Overseers of the Poor on the Condition of the Exiled Acadians in Philadelphia. [71]

  1. Dan'l Le Blanc [72], has a large family. Wife & 5 Children, and when sick stand in need of assistance.[73]
  2. The Widow Aucoin, A striking Object of Charity, being very weakly with a large Family, one of which is foolish.
  3. Susanna Landry wife of Peter Landry, has 2 young Children, receives no help from her husband, as she cannot tell where he is, being from her some time, she is also sickly.
  4. Margaret Bajo, Mary Breso & Sister, live in one house, they are weakly Women and without assistance, incapable of supporting themselves during the Winter Season.
  5. The Widow Bourg, an Industrious yet sickly Woman, frequently requires assistance.
  6. Widow Recule & Widow Lucy, during the Winter Season stand in need of help.
  7. Joseph Vincort & his Son in Law, both live in one house, their Families are very Large, one almost Blind & in the opinion of the Overseers very helpless, and deserving of Relief.
  8. Ann Bryald — a Woman who acts as Schoolmistress to the Children and on that acct. in need of assistance, as she cannot work for a livelihood her whole time being taken up in the Care of them.
  9. James Lecompte — a man very low & Weak & seemingly in a Consumption, unable to earn a full maintenance.
  10. Widow Landry — Old infirm & Blind, in consequence unable in any respect to earn a living.
  11. Bruno Trahan [74] & Wife & Daughter, has a Grown Son an Ideot, Old also & Infirm & in most respects true objects of Charity.

The above are the Neutrals which want help, the others being capable of maintaining themselves. [75]

  • 1771 Account of the Number & Situation of the French Neutral Familys Now in this City.
  1. Joseph Laboue & Wife, 2 in family-
  2. Widow Burke has two daughters, 3 "
  3. James LaCount Taylor, has his Mother in Law to Support, who is blind, himself his Wife & daughter are all sick , 4 "
  4. Ann Besyau, Kathrine Woodrow, young women who live together, 2 "
  5. Peter Vansin [76], has a Wife & four Children, one Child is Blind, 6 "
  6. Joseph Ribbau Image Maker, a Wife & 3 Children, 5 "
  7. Widow Backward, has 4 Daughters & 1 Son, daughters all Sickly, 6 "
  8. Widow Mullowny Burke, has 2 daughters, 3 "
  9. Margaret Besyau , Rose Bressau , Susanna Daurong, young Women who Live together
  10. Widow Laundree, has 2 daughters, 1 son, one Daughter is Foolish. 4"
  11. Simon Babin, has a Wife & 1 Child; he received a hurt in his side Sometime ago Which often Renders him Unable to Work, his Child is sick, 3 "
  12. Daniel Letzlon, has a Wife and 5 Children, 7 "
  13. Charles Minyau, has a Wife & 3 Children, 5"
  14. Charles Strahan, has a Wife & 1 Child born foolish, 3 "
  15. Joseph Welcomb, has a Wife, 2 "
  16. Peter Savoy, has a Wife, 2 "
  17. Placid Laundree has a Wife, who is Mostly Sick, 2 "
  18. Widow White has 3 Children, 4 "
  19. Charles Laundree, has a Wife, 2 "
  20. Francis Backward has a Wife & 1 Child, 3 "
  21. John Brow has 3 Children, (he has been Sick a Long time), 4 "
  22. Susanna Laundree has 2 daughters, 3 "

Twenty two Families • 78 Individuals Philadelphia 2d November 1771 [77]

Research Notes

  • Ships arrived in Pennsylvania November 18 and 20, 1755[78]
  • On 25 November 1755, Anthony Benezet Benezet-1, Quaker, was allowed reimbursement for aid to Acadians on vessels sent to Philadelphia. [79]
  • Acadians dispersed to the counties of Bucks, Chester, & Lancaster [6][80]
  • The French Neutrals in Pennsylvania, Contributions to American history, Philadelphia, Historical soc. of Pa, 1858. [81]
  • Provincial Commissioners: Orders for Payment, (9 February 1756–18 March 1756); 9 Feb 1756: Joseph Fox, Maintaining French Neutrals, £1000, s.0, d.0. [82]
  • Provincial Commissioners: Orders for Payment, (11 May–16 June 1756); 2 Jun 1756: Alexander de Rodehan, Administering physick to French Neutrals, £15, s.0, d.0. [83]
  • Provincial Commissioners: Orders for Payment, (4 October 1756–5 November 1756); 25 Oct 1756: Andrew Meacomson, Maintenance of French Neutrals on Province Island, £14, s.7, d.0. [84]
  • Provincial Commissioners: Orders for Payment (November 23–December 29, 1756); 24 Nov 1756: Nathaniel Grubb, Maintenance of French Neutrals, Chester Co. (Pennsylvania), £5, s.14, d.2½; 24 Nov 1756: Jesse Maris Maintenance of French Neutrals, Springfield, Chester Co., £11, s.12, d.6½; 24 Nov 1756: Thomas Nuzen (?),Maintenance of French Neutrals, Ridley and Providence Twps., Chester Co., £3, s.4, d.11; 24 Nov 1756: Christopher Sower, Jr. Maintenance of French Neutrals, Germantown. £20, s.7, d.4; 24 Nov 1756: Francis Smedley,Maintenance of French Neutrals, Wells and Goshen Twps., Chester Co., £12, s.4, d.6¼; 3 Dec 1756: Anthony Benezet Maintenance of Neutral French to Nov. 29., £27, s.19, d.9; 4 Dec 1756: John Abraham Denormandie, In part, maintenance of Neutral French in Bucks Co., £100, s.0, d.0.; 4 Dec 1756: Matthew Rea, Maintenance of Neutral French and purchase of wool “to employ said French in working”, £12, s.1, d.5½. [85]
  • Provincial Commissioners: Orders for Payment, 4 June 1764–20 October 1764; 19 Jul 1764: Isaac Howell and John Howard Support of sick and disabled French Neutrals, £143, s.9, d. 7. [86]
  • Provincial Commissioners: Orders for Payment, 4 June 1764–20 October 1764; 6 Sep 1764: John Hill: Coffins for French Neutrals, £3, s.15, d.0. [87]
  • From Benjamin Franklin to the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, April 1759; 1756. Support of French Neutrals [88]
  • RETELLING EXODUS, Cultural Negotiation among Pennsylvania Acadians, Stefanie Jackson, Honors History Thesis, Professors Sandra Joshel and Richard Johnson, University of Washington

Submitted 18 March 2014, [89]

  • Records of the U.S. Customs Service, 1745 - 1997Series:

Proofs of Citizenship Used to Apply for Seamen's Protection Certificates for the Port of Philadelphia, 1792 - 1861. James Forrest baptized at St. Mary's Church in Philadelphia on 12 Feb 1774, the day of his birth, by Rev. Robt. Molyneux. He is the son of James Forrest and Catherine his wife. [90]

Colony of Virginia

1500 Acadians exiled to Virginia [91]

Censuses

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

St. Malo, France

Censuses

Deportation Ships

le Duc Guillaume Charles Benoit Marie Girouard

Magdalen Islands

Censuses

Deportation Ships

Research Notes

St. Domingo

  • 1764: Copy of a paper dispersed in the name of the Governor General of the French Leeward Islands, inviting the Acadians to come to St. Domingo. fo. 299. [92]
  • In Dec. 1764, over six hundred Nova Scotia French neutrals achieved what the Boston refugees had failed to do, and (perhaps aided by the provincial government’s indifference) managed to set sail for the French colony of St. Domingue; many perished there, as the Boston Acadians soon learned. [93]

Hispaniola

  • Boston Dec 3. 1764

My Lord

I informed your Lordship of an emigration of Acadians made from hence to the Isle of St Pierre some time ago, & also of a transportation of a considerable body of them from Connecticut to Hispaniola: and I added that I did not know of any preparations for the remainder of them going from hence. But in that I have been deceived: for I now learn, that in the latter part of the summer (at which time I was absent for 5 weeks on my Voyage to the Eastward) a Negotiation has been carried on by the agency of British Merchants & Masters of Vessels for transporting the Acadians in New England to Hispaniola there to form a New Colony at Cap St Nichola. The Occasion of my discovering this was as follows. About 3 or 4 weeks ago, being at Castle William in this bay, I observed an outbound Brig, which answered “for the West Indies” very full of people. Going to Town the next day I enquired into this; & was told that She was full of french Neutrals going to Hispaniola. She was then got out of my reach & I could not stop her: I thereupon enquired into the particulars of the embarkation; & learnt that The Brig belonged to Rhode Island & came hither to take up these people; that there had been other embarkations made from hence in Vessels of this province; that the french Governor allowed evry Master of a Vessel that brought Acadians to purchase an hogshead of Sugar for evry Acadian, & I suppose some pay also for their freight; That the Acadians were continually coming out of the Country to embark here...The Numbers that have gone from this province are as follows. To St Pierre as before about 97; to Hispaniola in the Brig 103; in 3 other Vessels from this port, 30 at a time, 90, total allready gone 290. They say there are about 300 more that intend to go to Hispaniola of which the families which sign the Memorial are less than half. The whole then will be about 600, which I suppose are about two thirds of all the Acadians in this province. They say there are Masters enough ready to carry them thither for nothing. I ask who pays for their passage & their provisions: they answer they know not; they are not to pay themselves.[94]

Sources

  1. University of Maine Digital Collection: Acadian Exiles: a Chronicle of the Land of Evangeline, Arthur G. Doughty, p.139
  2. The New Brunswick Magazine, St John New Brunswick, William K. Reynolds, 1899 v2, pg. 37
  3. History of Cecil County, Maryland, George Johnston, 1881, p.263,264
  4. New York State Library, Bulletin 58, March 1902, History 6, Calendar of Council Minutes, 1668-1783, Albany, Univ. of New York, 1902, p. 427
  5. Journal of the Legislative Council of New York, 1756, p. 1264
  6. Pennsylvania Colonial Records. Minutes of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania, vol. vii (Harrisburg, 1851), pp. 55, 58.
  • Colonial Records of Pennsylvania: Acadian Exiles in Pennsylvania, v.6 ,p. 119 [96]

Research Needed

  • 1791 - 1810: 25,000 refugees arrived in America from the French colony of Saint Domingue, included in this number were Acadian Exiles, who had sought refuge on the island of St. Domingue after 1755.




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This is a question beyond deportation. For Acadians who escaped to Quebec, do they get the Great Upheaval category and do their children get the Born in Exile category? Thanks, Cindy
posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
Good question. The Great Upheaval category seems limited to the deportation itself. Including the Acadians who fled to Quebec to escape deportation, or the famine on Isle Saint-Jean for example, would be giving a broader meaning to the category, such as the turmoil surrounding the deportation as described here. That could be quite vast and difficult to evaluate. If a more limited definition is preferred by all, then in my opinion the Born in Exile category would apply only to those deported. I must confess that I tend to add the Great Upheaval category to escapees. I'd like to know what others think and if I should mend my ways.
posted by Gisèle Cormier
edited by Gisèle Cormier
I've always considered the Great Upheaval category to apply to anyone who escaped, was deported, imprisoned, etc... in other words, anyone who was forced from their homes or left because of the threat during the exportation period. So I think in this I'm in agreement with Giselle.

As far as the Born in Exile category, I would tend to use it for every child of Acadian parents born outside of Acadia between 1755 and 1763. If the family left on their own and moved elsewhere, it still might be considered appropriate since they probably wouldn't have moved except for the threat of deportation or worse - technically they were not exiled, but they also were not free to return. If there were families that were allowed to remain in their homes [were there any?] they might not qualify for the category. But whichever way the project wants to go to define this category, I'm on board with it.

Just my opinion! Hope it helps!

I agree too, and have been giving the Great Upheaval category to all those types of profiles, and want to feel more confident about it going forward, which is why I asked this question.

As to those born in exile, I have given it to the first generation of these families who were born outside of Acadie, regardless of date or location. Basically goes along with the Acadian project box definition. Maybe I haven't done it consistently, but would put it on more often if I was sure of the guidance as to who and when.

posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
I've made some changes in explanations on the category pages for Great Upheaval and Born in Exile for your review. Cindy
posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
Excellent. I never used the Acadian Born in Exile if they didn't have the project box. Will do so now. It's a good way to keep track of the descendants of exiled Acadians.
posted by Gisèle Cormier
I was including children born to Acadians who married in exile (outside Acadie). That would be the distinction.
posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
My feeling is that the great upheaval category should apply to anyone whose life was upended by having to flee, by imprisonment, or by deportation (1755-1763). (I know, it's a huge category!) I have a slight difference of opinion with Joyce on the Acadians Born in Exile category. While the great upheaval was technically over in 1763, most exiles could not or would not return, because there was no home to return to. Their lives were for the most part still upended by 1763: they were still searching for work, for separated family members, and for new homes. I think anyone born to Acadian parents who were married by the end of the war in 1763 should be counted as an Acadian born in exile. (Also, didn't I read that date somewhere on the Acadian project page?)
posted by Stephanie Ward
edited by Stephanie Ward
I don't know what happened...everything under Pennsylvania seems to have disappeared...
posted by Donna Fournier
Did you move it here? Space_Acadian_Exiles_in_the_Records_of_St._Joseph_Church

Let us know. You can also check the changes tab to see what was changed.

posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Donna, I moved it to the space page. From an earlier previous comment, I thought that's what you wanted to do. See my response and the three links under Colony of Pennsylvania. I can put it all back if you want.
posted by Stephanie Ward
Yes thank you for moving it. I meant what came after Pennsylvania, like the Colony of Virginia, etc. is gone or is it somewhere else? Sorry, still learning and know just enough to be dangerous.
posted by Donna Fournier
edited by Donna Fournier
Oops. Sorry, I forgot to end the disappearing code! It's back now! Thanks for asking!
posted by Stephanie Ward
thank God! I thought I did something to mess it up!
posted by Donna Fournier
I found a record for Jean Baptiste Galerm [1] in Philadelphia. I don't see a profile for him. Is Galerm English spelling? Should I go ahead and make profiles for people if I can't find them in the database? How does the Acadian Project handle it?

I sometimes find black people listed with Acadians in records so I have joined USBH to help if I can. I like how it is organized.

posted by Donna Fournier
edited by Donna Fournier
Emma is one of our very best project leaders. If you get any ideas for our pages, please let post. I get overwhelmed thinking about it.

To your question regarding adding new people. As I've been working on Louisiana, I've had to add many people and do a lot of research. It's slow-going. I am not familiar with that name at all. These are the standardized spelling of Acadian names that we have come across or that are in the DGFA. https://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Space:Acadian_Standard_Names&public=1#G. Gallerm was a French neutral, but perhaps not an Acadian?

posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Hi Donna,

According to Acadian Cajun website and Acadians in Gray his last name is Galerne. I think this could be his profile. He and his wife were deported to Pennsylvania where she remarried. But I couldn't find anything in Karen Theriot Reader, the Dictionnaire or online articles to confirm that this is the same man. I will add your record to his profile in a research section. Thanks for finding this!

posted by Gisèle Cormier
I found he was arrested with others and jailed in Philadelphia [1]
posted by Donna Fournier
My goodness! Described as an evil-minded person!
posted by Gisèle Cormier
His and the other four's fate [1]
posted by Donna Fournier
Incredible! Thanks to your in-depth research, you are finding related and original information in different sources. I added this also to Galerne’s research note.
posted by Gisèle Cormier
Thanks Gisèle. I love the hunt for primary documents. They are so interesting to read! We are so lucky many are available on line for free. This project is a heartache for sure. There are other primary documents out there, but one would have to go to Pennsylvania for in person research since they are not online. Maybe someone living in Pennsylvania will volunteer to do this.
posted by Donna Fournier
Jackie,

As this page grows into a massive beast I've been trying to see what some other projects are doing to keep their space pages organized. We will have all of our categories together way at the bottom of this page, which is great, but we'll also need a place to list our various space pages. The USBH project has "Portal pages" to serve that function. See https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:US_Black_Heritage:_Military_and_War_Portal. She says, "This page has organized links to all of the free space pages that our project members are working on related to military and war. The Portal also explains what volunteers can do to help on each of the linked pages." Hope this helps.

posted by Stephanie Ward
I feel like the way I'm adding material is making the page too difficult to move around. I made this worksheet [1]. I'd like to replace the list under Pennsylvania with this link, but can't seem to make it happen.
posted by Donna Fournier
Donna, lol, this page is becoming a well-fed beast! When you add a link, always add a name for it to avoid the blind link problem in your question, like so: Exiles to Pennsylvania, St. Joseph's Church or whatever you want to name it. Go to where the information is currently located on this page and replace it with your explanation and the (named) link.
posted by Stephanie Ward
Donna, I made the changes for you. Let me know if you want additional changes or just want it restored. The baptisms are actually just hidden on the edit page and will be deleted from here when they've all been relocated to your page. Thanks.
posted by Stephanie Ward
I'm so excited! I just made my first exile connection on the tree.

Paul Bourg-948and Judith Hebert-4508 Bourg were sent to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and are found in the St. Joseph church records. [1] I'm not sure I connected them in the correct manner. Please let me know how this should be handled. Is there a sticker for exiles?

Donna

posted by Donna Fournier
That is exciting! I made a few changes to the profiles--what a great resource! I added the category: Great Upheaval which all Acadians living during that time period should have. We can then find them later as we decide what else we want the profiles to have on them.

There are some 3,550 profiles with that category: https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Category:Great_Upheaval

posted by Jacqueline Girouard
edited by Jacqueline Girouard
thanks for sharing. I've bookmarked the page.
posted by Donna Fournier
Hello cousins,

This sounds interesting, won't be able to devote any time to it, but one aspect I can help with is the ones that came back north and settled in what is now Québec, sometimes the various baptisms/marriages that happen after they arrive give details on where they were.

Danielle

posted by Danielle Liard
That help would be very welcome. If you encounter profiles, post here so we can take a look to see what categories we could use to help find them. At least add the Great Upheaval category and anything else you find. This will be a BIG project and will take years.... Thank you for your support Danielle--it means a lot.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
http://www.acadian-home.org/acadians-connecticut.html is one source I found a while back, seems very useful for this project. Has links to other US states that received deportees
posted by Danielle Liard
edited by Danielle Liard
Thanks Stephanie, that was really helpful and gave me some structure to work within. I was always told our family high-tailed it into the woods, so we avoided the ships. After mapping out all my ancestors, I learned this was not the total truth and have found refugees in many places in the colonies and Europe. It must have been horrible.
posted by Donna Fournier
All of the categories that will be relevant to Acadian Exiles profiles will display at the bottom of this page. We have quite a few already, and many more are yet to be created. I removed the red, unfinished location categories that I had started for demonstration purposes, just going down the list of locations on this page. Can Jacqueline, Cindy & Gisele put your heads together and decide if Acadians Exiled to [location name] is what you want to call this group of location categories, or alternatively, what you'd prefer, and I can get started making them. I'll continue to add them to this page so that all relevant categories (destinations, relocations, ships, imprisoned at Halifax, died at sea, returned, etc.) will be easily found at the bottom of this page.
posted by Stephanie Ward
edited by Stephanie Ward
Super Interested in this project. I've only recently gotten into my Acadian genealogy but I have done lots of research. My Acadian ancestors largely returned after the 1763 proclamation and settled in different parts of former Acadie, mostly in what is now New Brunswick. I had ancestors in Port Royal and also some of the other early Acadian communities.

One of my ancestors in fact was on the Pembroke, the only known deportation ship on which there was a mutiny. That one was on the way to South Carolina but the Acadian detainees took the ship over and turned it around heading back to what is now New Brunswick.

Let me now what I can do to help, and how we're organizing this project (is there a collaboration tool we're using?)

posted by Matthew Evans
Thanks Matthew.

One of my ancestors is Joseph Broussard and he was on the Pembroke too. He survived the British but yellow fever brought him down a few months on arriving in Louisiana.

On this page is a list of tasks that we will work on--I would like people to tell me what you would like to do. So far, I have volunteers setting up some categories, someone is working on Massachusetts and I am going to start with Maryland. I don't have a collaboration tool but am interested in using one. Suggestions? I have used Facebook messages for small groups but zoom or something else would be preferable. We could post on the Acadian google-group. How do you feel about google group? I find it awkward but our choices are limited.

We could start simply by identifying all of the profiles on WT that were living during the Great Upheaval and make sure they have the category on their profile. That will give us a list to work from in an organized way. There is a way to count the profiles that are in a specific category but I've forgotten how to do it.

I have just stuck my neck out to get this going but I really don't have much structure planned yet and will look to our team for suggestions and guidance.

posted by Jacqueline Girouard
"There is a way to count the profiles that are in a specific category but I've forgotten how to do it."

-- Thanks to the new update to categories of a few days ago, they will now tell you the number of profiles in each category when you click on the category!

posted by Stephanie Ward
What happened to the ship after the mutiny? Could you add it to a category? I'd love to know.
posted by Donna Fournier
They took the ship back to New Brunswick and tried to survive. Most eventually caught and imprisoned until the end of the war.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Hi Cindy and Donna,

I think it best to keep one resources page--we have a lot of trouble getting people to find that one including me even though I have it bookmarked. Cindy, would Donna be able to edit the resources page or does she need to request to be added to the trusted list? Also, to Donna, I might not be able to answer all of your questions right away and don't want to hold you up. I say follow what you perceive to be your needs at the time and we'll kick it around later. It helped me in 2014-2015 to create my own free space page which I called "Jackie's Mess"--kinda like a note pad. On the library, if you mean sources, just imbed them as I did the wikipedia article. Let's start with Massachusetts and I'll do Maryland and see where it takes each of us, then decide how we want to proceed. A separate level for all the deportation ships on this page is ok with me or even a separate free space page but let's see if anyone else has any pages on these ships before we go that route.

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Acadians_Project_Reliable_Sources

posted by Jacqueline Girouard
"I think it best to keep one resources page--we have a lot of trouble getting people to find that one including me even though I have it bookmarked."-- I added Category Acadians to the Acadian Reliable Sources page so that it is now included on the Acadians category index page. Googling "Wikitree Acadians category" will get you there, as will "Acadian Reliable Sources." Hope that helps. PS: the privacy level is open, so anyone can edit.
posted by Stephanie Ward
I'm pretty new here. I would like to add a population schedule of Acadians living in Massachusetts in 1764. Is this appropriate for this page? If so, I'm not sure how to code it to look right. If not, where are we putting research to share? In the memory section?

Thanks,

posted by Donna Fournier
Thanks Donna, first, please ask to be on the trusted list and I will add you as a member and on the trusted list. I imagine there are folks who could sit down and imagine how this project should be organized, but that's not me, sadly and I want to get started even if we have to change things later. For now, let's create high level headers by location. Under those headings, we can add second level headers as we are working on them. If you imagine there will be more censuses or schedules, then Censuses might be a second level under Massachusetts, ships might also be a second level. At some point, we may need to create separate space pages by location and link to them from this main page. If you think of locations where exiles were sent or where they lived before final settlement, please go ahead and add these levels. I am so happy to have you helping on this. We'll be the pioneers for the project!
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
I thought I did send a request to be on the trusted list and I thought you did that. But if not, please put me on the trusted list. I will need some guidance to start, but once I understand how it will work, I have lots to share with others.
posted by Donna Fournier
Yes, you did, sorry for the confusion.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
And anyone of the Acadian leaders including me will be happy to help you get started. Sometimes, just starting on something leads to questions and answers and soon you feel a lot more confident--you won't mess anything up--everything is changeable on a WIKI: a blessing and a curse.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
edited by Jacqueline Girouard
I noticed deportation ships are under Massachusetts. Would it be ok to also have a separate category for ships until we know for sure where they went. I have some sources that mention ships, but I don't know exactly where the ship went yet. Also, I have names of Captains. Some attached to ships, some only referenced. Is having a category for ship's captains appropriate? I notice it upsets some people if you touch their work. If I post something in the wrong place, etc. Please let me know.
posted by Donna Fournier
no problem. Excited to be working with you on this project!
posted by Donna Fournier
Hi, Donna, is this different than the one for Massachusetts in 1763?

https://www.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.85059/642?r=0&s=3

If so, we might want to add it both here and on the Census source page we keep for the Acadian project. Would like to see the link. Thanks! Cindy

posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
yes, it's different or appears to have different info. It lists Massachusetts towns and how many French Neutrals are in each town. It is broken up by age and gender: males and females under 16 and another category for over 16. No names. It is copied from a book. I didn't have internet at home until this year, so not all my research is electronic. I am going back, looking for links.
posted by Donna Fournier
It came from https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/00165897ch16.pdf

I separated the French Neutrals out so they were by themselves. I was trying to get an idea of what towns to look in. I posted an example

posted by Donna Fournier
edited by Donna Fournier
Thank you, Donna, I scanned through the whole thing. It's interesting that Blacks and Negroes would be identified separately, I wonder how that was done? And in 1703 Bergen County had only 39 males living there. Would they ever be shocked now to see what it's like!

Cindy

posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
and why ? I hadn't looked at the whole thing. I just separated the Acadians out to simplify research. Thanks for telling me that. I'm going to look at it again.
posted by Donna Fournier
edited by Donna Fournier
That would be Jackie's call, but the Acadians project had two sources pages - one for Censuses and one for everything else. Our project page has links to both of those source pages on it. I would imagine if she sets up such pages, the Exile page would also link to those. And the Acadians project would want to link to them too. We already have quite a few deportation sources on our Reliable sources and censuses pages that should also be part of the Exiles project.
posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
Thanks Cindy. One of the biggest problems I'm having is finding those things you mentioned. I always seem to get lost and then just move on to something else.
posted by Donna Fournier