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Acadian Location Names

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Acadie in 1755

Please use these and not the dropdowns that come up in the locations fields - those are from Family Search, not from WikiTree.

  • The historic province in France should be used in place location names for most events related to Acadians before 1790, instead of the modern department. See French Origins of Acadians.
  • A parish name may be used in the biography if available as that helps in identification of the location.
  • No county names were used during the Acadian period. The dates of county establishments can be found here.
  • Canada was not a country until 1867 so should not be used until then (unless part of Canada, Nouvelle-France which became Québec).
  • Note that not all the colonies changed names at the same time, so watch dates carefully.
  • Acadie is used in Nova Scotia after the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 because the Acadians still maintained their communities and called it Acadie[1] until the expulsions and deportations and France gave up the other Acadian areas with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Acadie is accompanied by Colony of Nova Scotia to recognize the legal ownership by the British.
  • Most of these lands changed hands often during the early years, too many times to detail. Broad strokes of French inhabitation and general authority are used.

For Nova Scotia towns (no counties until 1759 see List)

Acadie, Nouvelle-France from 1604 to April 11, 1713 (town name, Acadie, Nouvelle-France)
Acadie, Colony of Nova Scotia from April 12, 1713 to Feb 10, 1763 (town name, Acadie, Colony of Nova Scotia)
Colony of Nova Scotia from February 11, 1763 to June 30, 1867 (town name, Colony of Nova Scotia)
Nova Scotia, Canada after July 1, 1867 (town name, Nova Scotia, Canada)
Port-Royal (with hyphen) the town from 1605 to Oct 12, 1710 became Annapolis Royal (no hyphen) Oct 13, 1710

For New Brunswick towns (no counties until 1785 see Archives). For more post Acadian period, see also New Brunswick page

Acadie, Nouvelle-France from 1604 to 10 February, 1763 (town name, Acadie, Nouvelle-France)
Nova Scotia Colony from February 11, 1763 to 1784 (town name, Nova Scotia Colony)
New Brunswick Colony from 1784 to June 30, 1867 (town name, New Brunswick Colony)
New Brunswick, Canada after July 1, 1867 (town name, New Brunswick, Canada)

For Ile Royale towns (no counties until 1835 see List)

Ile Royale, Acadie, Nouvelle-France from 1713 to 7 October, 1758 (town name, Ile Royale, Acadie, Nouvelle-France)
Colony of Nova Scotia from 7 October, 1758 to 1784 (town name, Colony of Nova Scotia)
Cape Breton Colony from 1784 to 1820 (town name, Cape Breton Colony)
Colony of Nova Scotia from 1820 to June 30, 1867 (town name, Colony of Nova Scltia)
Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada after July 1, 1867 (town name, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada)

For Ile Saint-Jean towns (no counties until 1764-5 see History). For post Acadian period, see also Prince Edward Island page

Ile Saint-Jean, Acadie, Nouvelle-France from 1604 to 11 February, 1763 (town name, Ile Saint-Jean, Acadie, Nouvelle-France). Note that Saint is written out and has a hyphen.
Colony of St. John's Island from February 11, 1763 to end of 1798 (written town name, Colony of St. John's Island). There was a short period between 1763 and 1769 where St John's Island was administered as part of Nova Scotia Colony, but we don't use that designation.
Colony of Prince Edward Island from 1799 to June 30, 1873 (town name, Colony of Prince Edward Island)
Province of Prince Edward Island, Canada after July 1, 1873 (town name, Province of Prince Edward Island, Canada) - do not use abbreviation PEI .

Which is the correct term for Ile Saint Jean and Ile Royale?

Isle is the old French word for Island, the way it was written at the time. Île is also sometimes seen.
We use Ile instead of Isle or Île.

Newfoundland (uses Districts instead of counties). For post Acadian period, see also Newfoundland page

Acadie, Nouvelle-France from 1620 to April 11, 1713 (town name, Newfoundland, Acadie, Nouvelle-France)
Newfoundland Colony from April 12, 1713 to 1907 (town name, Newfoundland Colony)
Dominion of Newfoundland from 1907 to March 30, 1949 (town name, Dominion of Newfoundland)
Province of Newfoundland, Canada from March 31, 1949 to February 15, 2001 (town name, Province of Newfoundland, Canada)
Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada after February 16, 2001 (town name, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada)

Saint Pierre et Miquelon

Nouvelle-France 1670 to 1713
Colony of St Peter's Island 1713-1763 (town name, Colony of St Peter's Island)
Colonie de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon 1763-1778 (town name, Colonie de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
British 1778-1816 (research needed on British name)
Saint-Pierre et Miquelon 1816-1947 (town name, Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, France)
Territoire de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon 1947 to 18 July 1976 (town name, Territoire de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, France)
Département de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon from 19 July 1976 to 10 June 1985 (town name, Département de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, France)
Collectivité territoriale de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon after 11 June 1985 (town name, Collectivité territoriale de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, France)

Iles de la Madeleine

Nouvelle-France from 1713 to 1760 (town name, Iles de la Madeleine, Nouvelle-France)
from 1760-1763 it was a British possession
in 1763 became part of Newfoundland

The most southerly areas became Province of Maine.





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Comments: 2

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Hello,

The link for the list in "For Nova Scotia towns (no counties until 1759 see List)" is broken..

We get the following message:

Error The web page you requested has been moved and updated. Visit our home page or use our search page to find the information you’re looking for.

Please update your favourites and bookmarks or use an online search tool like Google to find our content.

Thank you

posted by Andréa Boudreau
Thanks for the heads up, Andréa. This is the updated link https://archives.novascotia.ca/maps/county/
posted by Gisèle Cormier