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Adam Thoroughgood House Plantation, Virginia Beach, Virginia

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Princess Anne, Virginiamap
Surnames/tags: Thorowgood Slavery Black_Heritage
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Plantation Index

Virginia Plantations

Contents

Biography

The Adam Thoroughgood House plantation had many owners.[1] Not started by Adam as the name suggests, but started by Argall Thorowgood II.[2] It was passed through the family and by 1763 John Thorowgood I owned the property. He left the plantation to his son John Thorowgood II when he died.[3]John Thorowgood II died in 1800. He left the plantation to his son John Wainhouse Thorowgood. After the death of John Wainhouse Thorowgood in 1804 the records are unclear who the plantation went to. At some point James S. Garrison acquired it. When James S. Garrison died in 1865 he left the plantation to his son George Garrison. It is unknown if James S. Garrison actually lived on the property.[4]

Property Map

The John Thorowgood estate map seen in a chancery court document.[5]

Slaves

The following enslaved are listed by years recorded that they lived at the Adam Thoroughgood House Plantation.

1763 Probate

These enslaved persons were listed in John Thorowgood I last will and testament and probate records.[3][6]

In 1776 some of these slaves left because they were promised freedom[7] if they went into service for the British. Among them were those listed by their owner's surnames:[8]

  • Phillis Sr. Thorowgood
  • Phillis Jr. Thorowgood
  • Kate Thorowgood
  • Francis Thorowgood
  • George Thorowgood
  • Peter Thorowgood
  • Sicipo Thorowgood

Taxes 1784-1789

John Thorowgood II and his son, John Wainhouse Thorowgood lived on the plantation property together. Here the enslaved are combined into one tax list.

1784 Personal Property Tax, Lower Western Shore Pct, p.15[9]

1785 Personal Property Tax, Lower Pct of the Western Shore[10]

1786 Personal Property Tax Lower Pct of the Western Shore[11]

1787 The enslaved are only enumerated by ages beginning in 1787.[12]

  • 16 slaves above age 16
  • 15 slaves under age 16

1788[13]

  • 15 blacks above age 16
  • 2 blacks age 12-16

1789[14]

  • 13 blacks above age 16
  • 3 blacks age 12-16

1790 Census

In 1790 John Thorowgood II was listed on the census in the Blackwater Pct. of Princess Anne Co, VA[15]

  • 24 slaves (not named)

Taxes 1790-1800

1790 Personal Property Tax [16]

  • 17 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1791 Personal Property Tax[17]

  • 17 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1792 Personal Property Tax[18]

  • 17 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1793 Personal Property Tax[19]

  • 18 blacks above the age 16
  • 3 blacks between ages 12-16

1794 Personal Property Tax[20]

  • John Thorowgood I
  • 14 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 4 blacks above the age 16
  • 1 blacks between ages 12-16

1795 Personal Property Tax[21]

  • John Thorowgood I
  • 14 blacks above the age 16
  • 4 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 4 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1796 Personal Property Tax[22]

  • John Thorowgood I
  • 14 blacks above the age 16
  • 8 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 4 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1797 Personal Property Tax[23]

  • John Thorowgood I
  • 15 blacks above the age 16
  • 8 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 4 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1798 Personal Property Tax[24]

  • John Thorowgood I
  • 17 blacks above the age 16
  • 5 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 4 blacks above the age 16
  • 1 blacks between ages 12-16

1799 Personal Property Tax[25]

  • John Thorowgood I
  • 19 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 5 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1800 Personal Property Tax[26]

  • John Thorowgood I
  • 21 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 5 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1800 Probate

These enslaved were listed in the last will and testament of John Thorowgood II[27] and in his probate inventory in 1806.[28] Son Adam died after his father, John Thorowgood II, wrote his will. His share of inheritance was re-allocated to the surviving children, John W. Thorowgood, and Susanna Thorowgood, wife of James Thorowgood.[29][30]

Taxes 1801-1804

1801 Personal Property Tax[31]

  • John Thorowgood I(this would be his estate)
  • 19 blacks above the age 16
  • 3 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 5 blacks above the age 16
  • 3 blacks between ages 12-16

1802 Personal Property Tax[32]

  • John Thorowgood I(this would be his estate)
  • 19 blacks above the age 16
  • 3 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 5 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1803 Personal Property Tax[33]

  • John Thorowgood I(this would be his estate)
  • 19 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16
  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 7 blacks above the age 16
  • 2 blacks between ages 12-16

1804 Personal Property Tax[34]

  • John W. Thorowgood
  • 16 blacks above the age 16
  • 9 blacks between ages 12-16

1804 Probate

The enslaved of John Wainhouse Thorowgood listed in his will[35][36]


What happened to these slaves after the death of John Wainhouse Thorowgood?

Sources

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adam_Thoroughgood_House
  2. https://thorowgoodworld.wordpress.com/2018/04/02/the-identity-crisis-of-the-adam-thoroughgood-house/
    • full history of Thorowgood family
  3. 3.0 3.1 Thorowgood will General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865: "General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865"
    Catalog: General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865 Mixed records, Vol. 9 1762-1767
    Film number: 007645754 > image 242 of 729
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • Will Bk 9 p.225, Princess Anne Co, VA
  4. Historic American Building Survey https://tile.loc.gov/storage-services/master/pnp/habshaer/va/va0900/va0974/data/va0974data.pdf
    • p.20-21
  5. Reports in chancery, no. 1-2, 1814-1849: "Reports in chancery, no. 1-2, 1814-1849"
    Catalog: Reports in chancery, no. 1-2, 1814-1849 Reports in chancery, no. 1-2, 1814-1849
    Film number: 008742635 > image 144 of 522
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 9 February 2022)
  6. General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865: "General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865"
    Catalog: General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865 Mixed records, Vol. 9 1762-1767
    Film number: 007645754 > image 701 of 729
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • 1765 probate inventory
  7. https://digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4122&context=etd
    • p.21, 22
  8. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/94584702/1776-black-banditti-lord-dunmore/ The Virginia Gazette, Williamsburg, Virginia, 31 Aug 1776, Sat, Page 3
  9. Unclassified: Film number: 008248751 > image 615 of 766
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • 1784 Princess Anne Co, VA Personal Property Tax
  10. Unclassified: Film number: 008248751 > image 652 of 766
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • 1785 Princess Anne Co, VA, personal property tax, p.45
  11. Unclassified: Film number: 008248751 > image 661 of 766
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • 1786 Princess Anne Co, VA personal property tax p.6
  12. Unclassified: Film number: 008248751 > image 693 of 766
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • Personal property tax Princess Anne Co, VA 1787, p.16
  13. Unclassified: Film number: 008248751 > image 730 of 766
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • Princess Anne Co, VA Personal Property Tax, p.45
  14. Unclassified: Film number: 008248751 > image 740 of 766
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • 1788 Princess Anne Co, VA personal property tax p.42
  15. Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790: "Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790"
    Catalog: Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790 Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790
    Film number: 008129648 > image 38 of 104
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • 1790 census Princess Anne Co, VA, p.60-61
  16. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 41 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
    • 1790 Princess Anne Co, VA, p.40
  17. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 59 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  18. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 65 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  19. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 88 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  20. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 123 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  21. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 131 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  22. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 160 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  23. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 167 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  24. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 199 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  25. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 206 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  26. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 206 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  27. Will books, 1783-1871 ; index to wills, 1783-1941: "Will books, 1783-1871 ; index to wills, 1783-1941"
    Catalog: Will books, 1783-1871 ; index to wills, 1783-1941 Will book, v. 1 (typescript, 272 p.) 1783-1794 v. 2-3 1794-1824
    Film number: 007645772 > image 465 of 805
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • Princess Anne Co, VA, Will Bk 2, p209
  28. Inventories, appraisements, and audit books, 1783-1862: "Inventories, appraisements, and audit books, 1783-1862"
    Catalog: Inventories, appraisements, and audit books, 1783-1862 Vols. 4-6 1804-1817
    Film number: 007672661 > image 95 of 637
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 7 February 2022)
    • 1806 Princess Anne Co, VA probate inventory for John Thorowgood II
  29. General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865: "General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865"
    Catalog: General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865 Deeds, Vols. 27-28 1803-1807
    Film number: 007645759 > image 43 of 809
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • re-allocation of enslaved persons
  30. General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865: "General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865"
    Catalog: General index to deeds, 1691-1880; mixed land, probate, and election poll records, 1691-1865 Deeds, Vols. 27-28 1803-1807
    Film number: 007645759 > image 42 of 809
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • to whom the enslaved were re-allocated.
  31. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 264 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  32. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 272 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  33. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 309 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  34. Personal Property Tax: "Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850"
    Catalog: Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850 Personal property tax lists 1790-1822
    Film number: 008360226 > image 318 of 737
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 5 February 2022)
  35. Will books, 1783-1871 ; index to wills, 1783-1941: "Will books, 1783-1871 ; index to wills, 1783-1941"
    Catalog: Will books, 1783-1871 ; index to wills, 1783-1941 Will book, v. 1 (typescript, 272 p.) 1783-1794 v. 2-3 1794-1824
    Film number: 007645772 > image 501 of 805
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
  36. Inventories, appraisements, and audit books, 1783-1862: "Inventories, appraisements, and audit books, 1783-1862"
    Catalog: Inventories, appraisements, and audit books, 1783-1862 Vols. 4-6 1804-1817
    Film number: 007672661 > image 95 of 637
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 4 February 2022)
    • Inventory of John W. Thorowgood estate
  • For a full history of the Adam Thorowgood House please see this source. https://tile.loc.gov/storage-services/master/pnp/habshaer/va/va0900/va0974/data/va0974data.pdf




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