George Boleyn was son of Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and his first wife, Elizabeth Tilney. There is no record on his birth (nor of his siblings), but it is thought to have been between 1504-1505 at the family home of Blickling Hall in Norfolk, England. The Boleyns moved to Hever Castle in Kent, England in about 1505-6, which raises the possibility that he could have been born in Kent.
In addition to his famous sisters, Mary and Queen Anne, George had two brothers, Thomas and Henry. They are thought to have been his older brothers. In a letter to Thomas Cromwell, Thomas Boleyn wrote that his wife "brought him a child" every year from the time of their marriage until the time of his father's death in 1505. 
 It was also traditional for first sons to be named after the king or their father at the time. Both brothers died in childhood. Thomas was buried in St. John the Baptist Churchyard in Penshurst, Kent, England,  and Henry was buried with his grandfather Thomas in St. Peter Churchyard in Hever, Kent, England.
George was educated in England, and attended Oxford University. He was raised to be a courtier. George attended the royal court of Henry VIII for the first time as a child during Christmas 1514.  He was appointed King Henry's page around 1516. George remained a page until January 1526/27. In an attempt to reform the royal household and gain contol of the Privy Chamber, Cardinal Wolsey decreased the number of men attending King Henry. George was one of the members dismissed. 
|George Boleyn's inscription in Les Lementations de Matheolus|
Life at Court
George married Jane Parker, daughter of Henry Parker, Lord Morley and Alice St. John of Bletsoe. Jane was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Catherine (and subsequently Queen Anne). The marriage occurred prior to 1526 as there was a letter which mentioned a wife in January 1526. There is no documention of the place of the wedding ceremony. George and Jane Boleyn are believed to have had no children.
George was a poet and musician in King Henry's court. He was considered a contemporary of the of founders of English Renaissance poetry, Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard, the Earl of Surrey.  George's poetry has not survived, although one poem, "The Lover Complaineth the Unkindness of His Love" is thought to be his, but wrongly assigned to Thomas Wyatt.
My Lute awake, perform the last
Labour that thou and I shall waste,
And end that I have now begun!
And when this song is sung and rest,
My Lute be still, for I have done!
The rocks do not so cruelly
Repulse the waves continually,
As she my suit and affection:
So that I am past remedy;
Whereby my lute and I have done...
George was a regular companion of King Henry VIII. Records showed he frequently won money betting with the King over archery, hunting, shovel board, dice, bowls and card games. 
George and Anne Boleyn were deeply Reformist and evangelical. He spoke passionately about his religious beliefs on the scaffold prior to his excecution.  George translated the religious texts Les Epistres and The Ecclesiaste from French to English for his sister. 
|Crucifixion and arms of Anne Boleyn from Epistres et Evangiles des cinquante et deux sepmaines de l'an,|
The letter to Anne prefacing the translation of The Ecclesiaste includes:
|Reading for the third and fourth Sunday after Easter, taken from the Epistle of James as translated by George Boleyn|
George started as a diplomat at about the age of 25 in October 1529.  He went on a total of six embassies between 1529 - 1535. George atttended his first trip to meet with King Francis I of France with the seasoned diplomat John Stokesley. They were to discuss the King's "great matter" (the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon). 
George's second embassy to France was in March 1532/33. He was to inform King Francis of King Henry's marriage to Anne Boleyn.  George was instructed to urge King Frances to write a letter of support to the Pope.
His third trip to France was in the summer of 1533. He went with his uncle, the Duke of Norfolk.  Their mission was to dissuade King Francis from a scheduled meeting with the Pope. 
He returned to France twice in 1534 with Sir William Fitzwilliam to meet with Francis, and his sister Marguerite, the Queen of Navarre. Their mission was to urge Francis to abandon his alliance with the Pope, and to arrange for the meeting of the two kings and queens. 
His last trip to France was in June 1535.
George was a member of the "Reformation Parliament".This Parliament sat from October 1959 to April 1536, and passed the major pieces of legislation leading to the break with Roman Catholic Chrurch, and establishment of the Church of England. George delivered a treatise at the Convocation of the Clergy. 
|April 1522||Thomas and George receive grants to properties belonging to the executed Duke of Buckingham, including Tunbridge.|
|June 1524||George receives grant of Grimston Manor in Norfolk. |
|1524 - 1525||George marries Jane Parker.|
|January 1526/27||George loses his position in the Privy Chamber|
|January 1526/27||Appointed Royal Cupbearer to the King.|
|1528||Appointed Master of the Buckhounds. |
|26 September 1528||Appointed Esquire to the Body.|
|15 November 1528||Appointed keeper of the Palace of Beaulieu. |
|1 February 1529/30||Appointed chief steward of Beaulieu.|
|27 July 1529||Appointed governor of St. Bethlehem Hospital. |
|October 1529||George is knighted. |
|October 1529||Appointed Ambassador to France. |
|November 1529||Restored as gentleman of the Privy Chamber.|
|13 July 1530||Created Lord Rochford.|
|25 January 1533/34||Anne Boyeln marries King Henry VIII.|
|5 February 1533/34||Summoned to Parliament. |
|October 1533||George is granted the Palace of Beaulieu. |
|16 June 1534||Appointed Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and Constable of Dover Castle. |
|2 May 1536||George and Anne are arrested.|
|15 May 1536||George and Anne stand trial and are sentanced to death.|
|17 May 1536||George is beheaded on Tower Hill.|
|19 May 1536||Anne is beheaded on Tower Green.|
The Fall of the Boleyns
George and Anne were arrested on 2 May 1536 for acts of incest and high treason. Four other men, Sir Henry Norris, Sir Francess Weston, Sir William Brereton and Mark Smeaton were convicted of having an adulterous relationship with Queen Anne, and sentenced to death on 12 May 1536. All four pleaded not guilty to all the charges with the exception of Smeaton, who, as a commoner, was subjected to torture and pleaded guilty to one charge of adultery.
Anne and George stood trial on 15 May 1536. Anne was convicted and sentenced to death. George stood trial several hours later. Witnesses recorded that he presented a brilliant defense and thought that he might be aquitted.
-Eustace Chapuys 
-Charles Wriothesley 
Despite his well presented defense, he was sentenced to death by his uncle, Sir Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk:
|Site of London Tower Hill Scaffold|
Excerpt from George Boleyn’s speech on the scaffold:
George’s body and head were taken to the Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula within the Tower, where his sister would join him two days later.
|Tower of London, Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula|
In his poem “In Mourning Wise Since Daily I Increase”, Thomas Wyatt wrote of George's execution:
|A plaque installed within the Chapel Royal & Royal Peculiar of Saint Peter ad Vincula, HM Tower of London on the 15th April 1877|
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Cokayne, George E.(1825-1911): The Complete Peerage Of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain And The United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, Or Dormant, Vol. 10. 2020. Familysearch.Org.>George Boleyn, Lord Rochford, Vol 10, pps 140-2
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011. N.p.: Douglas Richardson, (n.d.).pp. 459-460 
- ↑ 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 Wikisource contributors,Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Boleyn, George (d.1536), Wikisource ,  (accessed May 10, 2021).
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 "Introduction, Section 5," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, ed. J S Brewer (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1875), ccxxv-cclxxxv. British History Online, accessed May 10, 2021,
- ↑ Will of Sir William Boleyn. Nicolas, Nicholas Harris. Testamenta Vetusta: Being Illustrations from Wills, of Manners, Customs Etc. as Well as of the Descents and Possessions of Many Distinguished Families from Henry II. to Queen Elizabeth. United Kingdom: Nichols, 1826.p.465
- ↑ Earl of Wiltshire to Cromwell "Henry VIII: July 1536, 1-5," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536, ed. James Gairdner (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1888), 2-19. n.17. British History Online, accessed May 27, 2021, 
- ↑ Parishes: Penshurst. British History Online. Accessed May 11, 2021.
- ↑ “St Peter's Church Hever.” On the Tudor Trail. Accessed May 27, 2021. 
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Athenae Oxonienses : an Exact History of All the Writers and Bishops Who Have Had Their Education in the University of Oxford, Wood, Anthony, volume 1, p. 98. 1813, London.
- ↑ Accounts of Revels, drawn up by Richard Gibson at the King's order. "Revels," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518, p. 1501, ed. J S Brewer (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1864), 1490-1518. British History Online, accessed May 12, 2021 
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 "Henry VIII: January 1526, 26-31" in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530,n. 1939 ed. J S Brewer (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1875), 852-878. British History Online, accessed May 13, 2021, 
- ↑ History of English Poetry from the 12th to the Close of the 16th, Warton, Thomas. volume 4, p. 57-58, 1871, London. 
- ↑ “The Privy Purse Expenses of King Henry the Eighth, from November 1529, to December 1532. Nicolas, Nicholas Harris. pp. 34, 37, 68, 72, 76, 128, 144, 156, 189, 195, 209, 210, 226, 263. 1827, London.
- ↑ Excerpta Historica: Or, Illustrations of English History. Bently, Samuel. p. 263, 1833, London. 
- ↑ Wight, C. “Details of an Item from the British Library Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts.” British Library. The British Library, August 25, 2005. 
- ↑ "Henry VIII: December 1529, 1-15," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530 n.6073, ed. J S Brewer (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1875), 2710-2720. British History Online, accessed May 27, 2021
- ↑ "Henry VIII: March 1533, 11-20," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533, n. 229-30 ed. James Gairdner (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1882), 99-115. British History Online, accessed May 27, 2021, 
- ↑ Henry VIII. to Norfolk and Rochford."Henry VIII: August 1533, 1-10," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533, n. 954 ed. James Gairdner (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1882), 404-418. British History Online, accessed May 27, 2021,
- ↑ Chapuys to Charles V."Henry VIII: April 1534, 11-15," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534,n. 469-470, ed. James Gairdner (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1883), 188-199. British History Online, accessed May 27, 2021, 
- ↑ Martin Valles to the Comendador Mayor"Henry VIII: April 1534, 26-30," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534, n.546 ed. James Gairdner (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1883), 217-236. British History Online, accessed May 27, 2021, 
- ↑ Rolls of Parliament."Henry VIII: February 1533, 1-5," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533, n.123, ed. James Gairdner (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1882), 45-56. British History Online, accessed May 27, 2021,
- ↑ The National Archives. “The Discovery Service.” Folio 94: 'Rochford MS', a treatise delivered to the Convocation of the Clergy on 10... | The National Archives. The National Archives, August 12, 2009. 
- ↑ "Henry VIII: June 1534, 26-30," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534, n. 922, ed. James Gairdner (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1883), 326-357. British History Online, accessed May 27, 2021, 
- ↑ Eustace Chapuys to the Emperor."Spain: May 1536, 16-31," in Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 5 Part 2, 1536-1538, n. 55, ed. Pascual de Gayangos (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1888), 118-133. British History Online, accessed May 29, 2021, 
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 “A Chronicle of England during the Reigns of the Tudors, from A.D. 1485 to 1559 . Wriothesley, Charles, Volume 1, p.39,1875-1877, Westminster.
- ↑ Crapelet, Lettres de Henry VIII."Henry VIII: June 1536, 1-5," in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 10, January-June 1536, n.1036 ed. James Gairdner (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1887), 424-440. British History Online, accessed May 27, 2021, 
- ↑ Original Letters, Illustrative of English History: Including Numerous Royal ... : Ellis, Henry. volume 2, p.63. 1824, London.
- ↑ The Chronicle of Calais, in the Reigns of Henry VII. and Henry VIII. to the Year 1540.Turpyn, Richard. p.46.1846, London.
- ↑ The Renaissance. ed. Cambell, Gordon. volume 2, p. 11. 1989, London. 
- George Boleyn: Tudor Poet, Courtier & Diplomat. Ridgway, Claire., Cherry, Clare. 2014.
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- Wikipedia contributors, "Church of St Peter ad Vincula," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,  (accessed May 3, 2021)
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- Find a Grave, database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/12263/henry-boleyn : accessed 11 May 2021), memorial page for Henry Boleyn (unknown–unknown), Find a Grave Memorial ID Find A Grave: Memorial #12263, citing St Peter Churchyard, Hever, Sevenoaks District, Kent, England ; Maintained by Find A Grave .
- Find a Grave, database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/75639255/thomas-boleyn : accessed 11 May 2021), memorial page for Thomas Boleyn (1499–unknown), Find a Grave Memorial ID Find A Grave: Memorial #75639255, citing St. John the Baptist Churchyard, Penshurst, Sevenoaks District, Kent, England ; Maintained by A. I. Zimmer (contributor 46947938) .
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