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Africaine, Immigrant Voyage to South Australia 1836

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The voyage of the Africaine to South Australia in 1836

The 3-mast barque "Africaine" (316 tons) departed London 28th June 1836, arrived Cape Borda, Kangaroo Island, on 4th November 1836, 100 passengers and crew, Captain John Finlay Duff.


Ship Arrival at Holdfast Bay
Africaine, 1836

She was the first passenger vessel to anchor in Holdfast Bay, [1]
and carried the equipment for the first newspaper in the colony. She made three trips to Tasmania to obtain supplies for the new settlement in Adelaide.

sailed: from London on Monday, June 27, 1836
master: John Finlay Duff
surgeon superintendent: Dr. E. G. Everard
arrived: possibly as early as the 4th of November 1836 at Nepean Bay on Kangaroo Island. But other dates are give elsewhere (Kangaroo Island on Sunday, November 13, 1836 and then at Holdfast Bay Saturday, November 19, 1836)
passengers: between 60 & 100 passengers

Copied from 'Bound for South Australia... Apologies I'm leaving quite a lot of data here that could add immensely to the record we have on the 'Africaine'. Please feel free to use it as you see fit (even delete the lot if you feel it is not suitable for this page, etc. Ken Hudson 16May 2022..

"Africaine passenger list
It is impossible to be sure of who was on board the Africaine. The ship was chartered by Robert Gouger and John Brown from the joint owners Thomas Finlay and John Finlay Duff, who commanded the ship. Being a privately-owned vessel, there is no record of the crew beyond the name of the master and the casual mention of a few in diaries kept on board.
The identity of cabin and intermediate passengers has to be gleaned from various accounts and letters written by passengers. Brown and Gouger were government officials but the rest were landholders or others making their own way to the new colony on their own account, Thomas for instance to publish the first newspaper. We learn that the two cabins at the stern were occupied by Captain Duff and Gouger, and the next two forward by Hallett and Brown. Beyond the cuddy, seen in a Skipper watercolour to have stretched the breadth of the ship, were cabins for intermediate passengers. Beyond them would have been the open area fitted with two tiers of bunks for the emigrants, and finally the forecastle for the crew.
The Africaine was contracted to carry emigrants for the Colonization Commissioners. The ‘Register of Emigrant Labourers Applying for a Free Passage to South Australia’ lists those people considering life in the new colony and generally indicates on which ship those deciding to proceed were embarked. However uncertainty can arise from clerical errors and last minute changes, and mistakes have crept into lists of passengers compiled over the years as a result of faulty memory or confusion. Amongst the emigrants were a number of South Australian Company servants whose names are also recorded in the Directors’ Minutes. Deacon, who had entered into an arrangement with the Company, was ineligible for a free passage and occupied an intermediate cabin.


Master: John Finlay Duff Mates: Smith (chief mate) Constable (second mate, left at the Cape)



Cabin & intermediate passengers:

  • John Brown
  • Mrs Brown
  • Maria Josepha Brown
  • William Archer Deacon
  • Mrs Duff
  • Dr Charles George Everard
  • Mrs Everard
  • daughter
  • James Everard
  • Arthur W. Gliddon
  • Robert Gouger
  • Harriet Gouger
  • John Hallett
  • Mrs Hallett & 3 children
  • Charles Nantes
  • John Michael Skipper
  • Robert Thomas
  • Mary Thomas
  • Frances Thomas
  • Mary Thomas
  • Helen Thomas
  • William Thomas
  • W.H. Ward
  • Benjamin Wickham
  • William Williams

Emigrants: (57x)

  • John Diment Bagg
  • Henry Bushell
  • Mrs Bushell
  • John Bushell
  • Caroline Bushell
  • Jeremiah Calnan
  • Mrs Calnan
  • John Calnan
  • Charles Calnan
  • Michael Calnan
  • Mary Ann Calnan
  • Margaret Clark
  • James Coltman
  • Mrs Coltman
  • Daniel Cox
  • James Cronk
  • Mary Ann East
  • Samuel East
  • Mrs East
  • Jane East
  • Elizabeth East
  • William East
  • Samuel East junior
  • Sarah East
  • Charles John Everard
  • William Everard
  • Robert Fisher
  • Joseph Augustus Hill
  • Abraham Irwin
  • Mrs Irwin
  • Andrew Jacobs
  • Henry James Lee
  • Joseph Lee
  • G.C. Lewis
  • Mrs Lewis
  • Mary Lillywhite
  • Hugh MacDonald
  • Mary Martin
  • Martha Navy
  • E.W. Osborne (lost on Kangaroo Island)
  • John Edward Pollard
  • Mrs Pollard
  • George Pursill
  • Mrs Pursill
  • John Pursill
  • John Michael Skipper
  • John Slater (lost on Kangaroo Island)
  • Benjamin Smith
  • John Snoswell
  • William Kyffin Thomas
  • Mary Anne Vincent
  • Richard Warren
  • Frederick Whitman
  • Daniel Wickham
  • Eliza Wickham
  • James Windibank
  • Alfred Young

Information compiled by Mr Bob Sexton"[2]

Another passenger list of 'Africaine'[3].


  1. Bound For South Australia - Africaine,
  2. https://boundforsouthaustralia.history.sa.gov.au/ships/passenger-lists/africaine-passenger-list.html
  3. https://bound-for-south-australia.collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/1836Africaine.htm


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