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Alexander, First Fleet to Australia 1788

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The First Fleet sailed from Portsmouth in England in May 1787 and comprised eleven ships: two naval vessels; three store ships; and six convict transports. Before leaving Portsmouth, fever broke out on the Alexander and sixteen men died she left Portsmouth on 13 May 1787, carrying 195 male convicts. Fifteen more convicts died on the journey, the most for any ship in the First Fleet. The cause of the fever was likely inadequate management of the bilge, as reported by John White, the surgeon aboard HMS Sirius. Alexander's convict cargo were drawn from prison hulks on the Thames and directly from Newgate Prison and loaded aboard at Woolwich Docks in early 1787. The ship then sailed to Portsmouth alongside Lady Penrhyn to meet the remainder of the Fleet and Alexander arrived at Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia, on 26 January 1788 to unload her human cargo ,She left Port Jackson on 14 July 1788, in company with the Friendship, whose crew she picked up when that ship was scuttled. Little is known after her return to England and she disappeared from records in 1808.

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