Alexanders of Menstrie

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Origin of the Alexanders

Source: Rogers, Charles. Memorials of the Earl of Stirling and of the House of Alexander, Volume 1. W. Paterson, 1877 - Scotland - 264 pages. Google Books.

ALEXANDER Earl of STIRLING. IT is the general opinion of our antiquaries, that those of the surname of Alexander, MacAlaster, Robertson, &c. are descended of the MacDonalds. That Alexander MacDonald, a younger son of the lord of the Isles, having acquired some lands in Stirling and Clackmannanshires, fixed his residence at Menstric, and that his posterity assumed the surname of Alexander from their predecessor's christian name. Certain it is the Alexanders were making a figure in these countries several centuries a∣go,*and have continued to quarter the arms of MacDonald with their own, to denote their being sprung from that illustrious house. And though we cannot six the precise time of their settlement in that country, yet we shall deduce the descent of this noble family by authentic documents.

The Barons of Menstrie and Earls of Sterling

Number Earldom Number Name Comments
I THOMAS ALEXANDERwho was proprietor of the lands of Menstrie, in the shire of Clackmannan, and flourished in the reign of king James IV. who succeeded to the crown of Scotland, anno 1488. In a dispute betwixt the abbot of Cambusnethan, and sir David Bruce of Clackmannan,about the marches of some of their lands, which was submitted to a perambulation and assize of the principal gentlemen in the neighbourhood this Thomas Alexander of Menstrie, together with Andrew Mercer of that ilk,William Stirling of Tillicoultry, and some others, were appointed arbiters:* they made up the differences, and settled the marches by their decreet-arbitral, 6th March 1505.
II ANDREW ALEXANDERwho succeeded Thomas in the lands of Menstrie, of which the earl of Argyle was then superior. He married Catharine Graham,* by whom he had two sons. He died before 1527, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 1. Alexander, his heir. 2. Andrew Alexander, who was bred to the church, and in a sasine of Colin earl of Argyll, dated 15th November 1529,* is designed Andreas Alexander, presbyter, &c.
III 'ALEXANDER ALEXANDER ' Made a considerable figure in the reign of king James V. Amongst the writs of the family of Argyle, there is an instrument of sasine, wherein Alexander Alexander, son of the deceast Andrew Alexander of Menstrie, transfers all right he had to the lands of Menstrie,* in favours of Colin earl of Argyle, his superior, dated 12th of February 1527. In a sasine of Colin earl of Argyle, this Alexander was appointed the earl's bailie, and is designed honorabilis vir Alexander Alscinder de Menstrie,*&c. anno 1529. There is a charter by Colin earl of Argyle, to Alexander Alscinder of Menstrie, of the lands of Duslater, in the shire of Stirling, of which Andrew Alexander his father and Catherine Graham his mother,* were proprietors, dated 15th January 1529. Also a charter by the same earl, of the lands of mains of Menstrie, and mill thereof, to and in favours of Alexander Alscinder, and Eliza∣beth Douglas his spouse, in liferent, and Andrew Alscinder their son and heir apparent in fee,* dated 26th August 1529, both which charters are confirmed by king James V. by a charter under the great seal,* dated 20th April 1530.

He married Elizabeth, daughter of sir Robert Douglas of Lochleven, ancestor of the earl of Morton, by whom he had two sons, and one daughter. 1. Andrew, his heir. 2. William Alexander, who was proprietor of the lands of Clow in Perth-shire, and married Janet Marishal,* which appears by two charters under the great seal, to him and Janet Marishal his spouse, of the lands of Clow, with the pertinents, &c. dated anno 1553. His daughter, Isabel, married to James Mushet younger of Torrie,* in the county of Stirling. He died anno 1545, and was succeeded by his eldest son.

IV ANDREW ALEXANDERwho, in the said charter of Colin earl of Argyle, 26th August 1529, is designed son and apparent heir of Alexander, &c. as before noticed. He died soon after his father, leaving issue three sons; 1. Alexander, his heir; 2. John, designed promiscuously in Middletonand in Gogar, of whom more here∣after. 3. James, who got a charter under the great seal,*Jacobo Alexander in Menstrie, of some lands in that neighbourhood, anno 1584. He was succeeded by his eldest son.
V ALEXANDER ALEXANDER ' who is witness, with his grandfather, to a sasine of the lands of Menstrie, in favours of Archibald earl of Argyle, the superior, proceeding upon a charter from king James V. wherein the lands of Menstrie, Duslater, Pannols, Little-Saline, &c. are erected into one barony, called the barony of Menstrie,* and wherein he is designed Alexander Alscinder junior, &c. The sasine is dated 19th April 1541. This Alexander junior, is also attorney for the earl of Argyle to another sasine of the barony of Menstrie,* dated 31st of October 1542. After the death of his father and grandfather, he was designed Alexander Alscinder of mains of Menstrie, and is particularly mentioned, with his brother John, in a sasine in favours of Colin earl of Argyle,* dated 7th October 1572. He died in an advanced age, anno 1594, leaving issue a son and successor,
VI I WILLIAM ALEXANDER(afterwards earl of Stirling} who got a precept of clare constat from the earl of Argyle,* for insefting him in the mains of Menstrie, as heir to his father, dated 18th March 1596. He was a man of good natural parts, which were greatly improved by a liberal education and travelling: he had a fine genins for poetry, and composed several pieces that were greatly esteemed; and being a man of polite learning, was pitched upon to travel with the earl of Argyle, as a tutor and governor. After his return home, he went to court, where he was soon distinguished for his rare accomplishments,* and became a great favourite of king James VI. who knighted him, and made him master of requests, anno 1604.

And being a great projector, he settled a colony in Nova Scotia in America, upon his own charges, of which king James made him a grant, by his royal deed, dated 21st September 1621. He got also charters, under the great seal, of several lands and baronies in Scotland,* too numerous to be here inserted. After the death of king James VI. his son king Charles resolved, that no encouragement should be wanting to the settlement of a colony that appeared to be of so great advantage to the nation: he therefore appointed sir William lieutenant of Nova Scotia, and instituted the order of knight baronet for the advancement of it, of which order sir William was the first, and obtained the privilege of coining small copper money, which was a step greatly inveighed against at that time: however the king being fully convinced of his abilities and integrity, appointed him one of his privy council, and secretary of state, in the year 1626, which high offices he enjoyed with honour and reputation as long as he lived.

In November 1627, he was constituted keeper of the signet in Scotland. In July 1628, he was made one of the commissioners of exchequer, and one of the lords of session, anno 1631. The king's esteem and favour for him still increasing, he was pleased to raise him to the dignity of the peerage, by the titles of earl of Stirling,* viscount Canada, lord Alexander of Tullibody, &c. by letters patent to his heirs-male for ever, bearing the name and arms of Alexander, dated 14th June 1633.

The earl being one of the council of Plymouth for the affairs of New-England, in consideration of his interest therein, the said council, by a deed bearing date the 22d day of April 1635, granted to him all that part of New-England between the rivers of Kenebeek and St. Croix; also all those islands of Stirling, or Long-Island, which now make a considerable part of the province of New-York; and he was at a very great expence in settling colonies therein, particularly in Long-Island, where he introduced the first British inhabitants; which settlement gave rise to the now flourishing colony of New-York.

He married Janet, daughter and heiress of sir William Erskine knight, cousin-german to the earl of Marr, the regent, by whom he had seven sons and two daughters. 1. William, viscount Canada and lord Alexander. 2. Sir Anthony Alexander, who married a daughter of sir Henry Wardlaw of Pittreavie, and died without issue. 3. Henry, who succeeded to the earldom of Stirling, as will be shown hereafter. 4. John Alexander, who got a charter under the great seal, of the lands of Over-Isgall, &c. anno 1642, and married a daughter of John Graham of Gartmore,* by whom he had one daughter, but died without male-issue. 5. Charles Alexander, who got a charter under the great seal, of the lands of Tully∣body, anno 1642, and married—, daughter of—,* by whom he had only one son, Charles, who died without issue. 6. Ludovick. 7. James. (These two likeways died without issue0.

1st daughter, lady Jean, married to Hugh lord viscount Montgomery, of the kingdom of Ireland,* whose son Hugh was created earl of Mount-Alexander, anno 1661; which title he assumed in honour of his mother's sirname. 2. Lady Mary, married to sir William Murray of Clermont, created a baronet in June 1626,* of whom sir James Murray, general receiver of the customs of Scotland, is the heir-male. The earl died anno 1640.

VIIApparentWILLIAM ALEXANDER viscount Canada and lord Alexander eldest son and apparent heir of William earl of Stirling, was his majesty's president in Nova Scotia, as deputy to his father; in which station he remained there many years, and was at great pains in settling the country. He married lady Margaret Douglas, eldest daughter of the first marriage of William first marquis of Douglas, by whom he had one son, William, afterwards earl of Stirling,—and three daughters. 1. Catharine, married to Walter lord Torphichen, whose only child Anna Sandilands, Married to Robert Menzies of Weem, grandfather of the present sir Robert, &c. 2. Margaret, married to sir Robert Sinclair of Longsormacus, and had issue only two daughters, of whom sir Hugh Dalrymple, Swinton, &c. are descended. 3. Lucy, married to Edward Harrington, Esq; of the kingdom of England, who was page of honour to the prince of Orange, anno 1630. He died before his father, anno 1638, and was succeeded by his only son,
VIII IIWILLIAM ALEXANDER who succeeded also to his grandfather, anno 1640, and was second earl of Stirling, but dying without issue about three months thereafter, his estate and honours devolved upon Henry Alexander, his uncle and heir-male, to whom we now return.
VII IIIHENRY ALEXANDER Third earl of Stirling, third son of the first earl, upon the death of his nephew, succeeded to the earldom of Stirling, as before observed, and found the estate greatly incumbered, most of it being soon thereafter carried off by apprisings and adjudications,* at the instance of his father's and brother's creditors: He therefore retired to England and went to court, where he was well received, and much esteemed. He married a daughter of sir Peter Vanlore, knight, and alderman of the city of London, by whom he got a considerable fortune, and acquired an estate in England, where he settled, and where 〈◊〉 his posterity continued to reside, but always voted by proxy at the elections of the sixteen Scotch peers, &c. He died anno 1650, leaving issue one son.
VIII IV HENRY ALEXANDER fourth earl of Stirling who succeeded him, and married—Lee, daughter of—, by whom he had issue four sons and three daughters. 1. Henry, his heir; 2. William; 3. Robert; 4. Peter; They all died without issue. 1st daughter, lady Mary, married to—Philips, Esq; by whom she had William Phi∣lips-Lee, Esq; of Binfield, in the county of Berks, who has resided mostly in the city of York. 2. Lady Judith, married to sir William Turnbull of East •••mstead-park, in the county of Berks, by whom she had William Turn∣bull, Esq; who died in April 1760. 3. Lady Jean, died without issue. The earl dying anno 1690, was succeeded by his eldest son.
IX. V HENRY ALEXANDER HENRY, fifth earl of Stirling who married the widow of sir—Hobby, but dying without issue, anno 1739, was succeeded in his estate in England by his two sisters, ladies Mary and Judith, before mentioned, who became his coheiresses; and in him ended the male-line of Alexander Alexander, fourth baron of Menstrie, father of the first earl of Stirling, but the representation, in virtue of the parent, haeredibus masculis in perpetuum, appears to have devolved upon William Alexander, who now claims the title of earl of Stirling, being lineally descended from John Alexander, uncle to the patentee, to whom we now return.
IX.-claim declined WILLIAM ALEANDERwho now claims the honours of earl of Stirling, was one of his majesty's council, and surveyor-general of the province of New-Jersey, and arrived in England from that colony, anno 1756. Anno 1757, he sued out a writ of mortancestor in the chancery of Scotland, accord∣ing to the laws of that kingdom, and claimed to be cognosced heir-male to the last earl. The evidence of his claim being laid be∣fore a jury of fifteen gentlemen of the first rank in Scotland, they unanimously made their return, declaring him to be nearest heir-male to Henry Alexander the fifth earl, and was served as such accordingly, 20th March 1759;* and if his claim is sustained by parliament, he will be the sixth earl of Sir∣ling. He married Sarah, daughter of Philip Livingston, Esq; descended of the family of Linlithgow, by whom he hath issue two daughters. 1. Mary, 2. Catharine. One of these daughters is lately married to John, son and apparent heir of Alexander Robertson of Stralochy, alias baron Reid, in Scotland.

V. JOHN, second son of Andrew, fourth baron of Menstrie, is particularly mentioned with his brother Alexander,* (father of the first earl of Stirling) in Archibald earl of Ar∣gyle's sasine, dated in April 1541, before observed. Likeways, in a sasine of Colin earl of Argyll, wherein he is designed John Alexander in Middleton, dated in October 1572, also before noticed. He left issue a son,

VI. ALEXANDER ALEXANDER in Millnab, who succeeded him,* and left issue three sons. 1. Alexander Alexander in Kinkell, whose male-line is now extinct.* 2. David, who carried on the line of this family. 3. Patrick, who married and had issue.

VII. DAVID ALEXANDER, designed in Ward of Muthil, second son of Alexander in Millnab, married—, daughter of—,by whom he had two sons and two daughters.* 1. William Alexander, whose only son William died without issue,*anno 1747. 2. James, father of William, who now claims the peerage. 1st daughter, Janet, married to Mr. Mac-Leith. 3. Christian, married to Mr. Caw in Crieff.

VIII. JAMES ALEXANDER, second son of David in Ward of Muthil, went to America, anno 1714, with the king's commission of surveyor-general of the province of New-Jersey, was many years of the council of that province, and also of New-York, and held some of the most considerable offices there. He acquired a large proprietary in New-Jersey, and a considerable landed and personal interest in New-York. He married Mary, daughter of John Spratt of Wigton, in the county of Galloway in Scotland, by whom he had issue one son, William, his heir,—and four daughters. 1. Mary, married to Peter Vanbrugh-Li∣vingston, merchant in New-York. 2. Elizabeth, married to John Stevens, Esq; of Perth A••boy, in New-Jersey. 3. Catharine, married to major Walter Rutherfoord. 4. Susannah. He died anno 1756, and was succeeded by his only son,

A Norwegian settlement was early established in Arran and Bute, and other islands in the west of Scotland. This settlement was effected under the viking Conn Chead Chath of the Hundred Battles. His descendant in the middle of the twelfth century was the renowned Somerled, who exercised a powerful authority in the Western Isles, disputing the sovereignty with David I. "When, in 1135, David expelled the Norwegians from Arran and Bute, Somerled was allowed to retain a sort of depute sovereignty in the subjugated territories. Subsequently rebelling, he in 1164 entered the Firth of Clyde with a fleet of one hundred and sixty vessels, intending to usurp the Scottish crown; he was defeated at Renfrew, and there slain (Chron. Man., A.d. 1104-64).

Somerled was twice married. By his first wife he had a son, GiUicolane, who fell with him at Renfrew (Chron. de Melros, p. 74; Fordun's Scotichron.,vol. viii., cap. 2). He married, secondly, about the year 1140, Eftrica, daughter of Olave the Red, King of Man, by whom he had three sons, Dougal, Ranald, and Angus. On the death of their father, Dougal obtained as his share of sovereignty the islands of Mull, Coll, Tiree, and Jura; Ranald, Isla and Kintyre; and Angus, the isle of Bute. From Dougal sprang the MacDougals of Lorne, who styled themselves De Ergedia, or, of Argyle. His branch is represented by the Ducal House of Argyle.

On the death of Dougal, the isles which he ruled, instead of descending to his children, were acquired by his brother Ranald, to whom were born two sons, Donald and Roderick. Roderick was celebrated for his piratical exploits. Donald, the elder son, who claimed the sovereignty of the isles, was father of three sons, Roderick, Angus, and Alexander. The male descendants of Roderick became extinct in the , third generation. Angus, the second son, sometime resisted the arms of Alexander III., but on the conquest of the Western Isles by that king, he transferred his allegiance from Norway to the Scottish crown; ,he died subsequent to 1292. His grandson, John, Lord of the Isles, married, as his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert II. His third son, by this marriage, Alexander, Lord of Lochaber, had two sons, Angus and Alister or Alexander; the latter founded the House of MacAlexander, which, under the more modern name of Alexander, forms the subject of this work. In 1481 James III. granted to Tarlach MacAlexander the stewardry of the lands of Kintyre. At the same time Tarlach received a grant of the lands of Auchnaglek and Le Crag, in the barony of Bar, North Kintyre (Reg. Mag. Sig, lib. x., 9). His son, John Dubh MacAlexander, is mentioned in 1493 (Gregory's Western Highlands).

In 1515 James V. presented Sir Roderick M'Alister, chaplain, to the rectory of Kilquhoan, in Ardnamurchan (Reg. Sec. Sig., vol. v., fol. 30). In 1545 and 1546 Sir Roderick, described as Dean of Morvern and Bishop-elect of the Isles, was named by his kinsman, Donald, Lord of the Isles, as one of two commissioners appointed to treat with Henry VIII. When the Lord of the Isles lay with his army at Carrickfergus, Sir Roderick seems to have resided in Dublin, supported by the Privy Council of England (State Papers, vol. iii., pp. 531, 533, 549-568; vol. v., pp. 477, 508). In 1547 he had a remission under the privy seal of Queen Mary " for treasonably passing to Ingland and Ireland, and inbringing of Inglismen within the His and vthir partis within the realm, for burning, heirschip, and destruction" (Reg. Sec. Sig., vol. xxL, fol. 8). A tombstone in Ardchattan Priory, having in the centre the figure of a churchman in the attitude of prayer, commemorates Sir Roderick by the following inscription: "Hie iacet venerandus et egregius vir Rodericus Alexandri rector quondam Fynani Insule qui obiit anno Domini ."

The family of MacAlexander held their lands at Tarbert, in Kintyre, under the protection of the Earls of Argyle (Reg. Sec. Sig., vol. v., fol. 45). In 1513 Colin, Earl of Argyle, granted to Neil Campbell M'Alexander the lands of Glenscrow and Glenaray, in the barony of Lochaw (Argyle Charters). Among the witnesses to the sasine of a charter granted in 1553 by Archibald, Master of Argyle, to Colin Campbell of Dunstaffnage, of the lands of Killechan, are named Archibald M'Alexander, Malcolm M'Neill M'Alexander, Donald M'Donche M'Alexander, and Duncan, son of Donald M'Donche M'Alexander (Argyle Charters).

Angus, son of John Dubh MacAlexander, acquired the lands of Loupe, Argyleshire (Collectanea de Rebus Albanicis). This branch of the House attached itself for about a century to the more powerful clan Ian Vor (Gregory's Western Highlands). Between the years 1593 and 1604, the Tutor of Loupe granted a bond of manrent to the House of Hamilton for himself and his clan. The lands of Loupe remained in possession of the family till the beginning of the present century, when they were sold by Colonel Somerville Macalister, heir-male of the House (Hill's Macdonnels of Antrim). The family of Loupe is represented by Keith Macalister, Esq. of Glenbar and Cour, and Alexander Macalister, Esq. of Tangie.

A descendant of Tarlach Mac Alexander became hereditary constable of the castle of Tarbert (Gregory's Western Highlands). On the 5th December 1627, Gorrie Alexander, heir-apparent of Tarbert, granted a bond in favour of Archibald Alexander of Tarbert, his father, whereby he disponed to him certain lands in the parish of Glassary; and this, for the security of the said Archibald, as cautioner for the granter in a contract with Hector Alexander and Margaret Campbell, his spouse (Gen. Keg. of Deeds, vol. 474). On the 9th May 1636, Archibald Alexander granted an obligation to Sir Dougal Campbell, Bart. of Auchinbrek, for eleven bolls teind meal, Gorrie Alexander, younger of Tarbert, the granter's son, being a witness (Reg. of Deeds, vol. 498). On the 11th June 1636, Gorrie Alexander, younger of Tarbert, granted to Matthew Colquhoun, merchantburgess of Glasgow, an obligation for "aucht scoir pundis borrowed money" (Reg. of Deeds, vol. 506). Sometime subsequently, the lands of Tarbert were sold to the family of Campbell of Stonefield.

Prior to the year 1505, a descendant of Alister or Alexander, younger son of the Lord of Lochaber, obtained from the noble House of Argyle a portion of lands at Menstry, in Clackmannanshire. In a legal instrument dated 6th March 1505, "Thomas Alexander de Menstray" is associated with sixteen others in an arbitration, connected with the division of forty acres of land in Clackmannanshire, about which a dispute had arisen between the Abbot of Cambuskenneth and Sir David Bruce of Clackmannan (Chartulary of Cambuskenneth Abbey, p. 86). In 1631 Archibald Alexander of Tarbert acknowledged Sir William Alexander, Viscount Stirling, as chief of the clan Alister (see posted).

The lands of Menstry are situated at the southern base of the Ochil Hills, and were in 1322 granted to Dougal Campbell by King Robert the Bruce. In 1364 Robert Erskine of that ilk made a gift to Colin Campbell, son of Archibald Campbell of Lochaw, of the ward and marriage of the lands of Menstry, belonging to the son and heir to John Campbell of Menstry. The instrument of gift is dated the twentieth day after the feast of St James, 1364 (Argyle Family Papers).

The lands of Menstry were, by Robert III., conveyed to Duncan Campbell, son of Colin Campbell, on the resignation of the latter (Robertson's Index). In 1494 Sir Duncan Campbell granted the lands of Glenurquhay, in the barony of Lochaw, and the lands of Menstry, Clackmannanshire, in warrandice for sixteen merks in gold and silver, to be paid yearly for the lands and castle of Campbell, Dollar, or Gloom, in the barony of Dunkeld, which were granted by Bishop George to Archibald, Earl of Argyle (Athole Charters ; Reg. Mag. Sig., lib. xiii., 278).

In 1404 Kobert, Duke of Albany, Earl of Fife and Menteith, Governor of Scotland, granted to Duncan Campbell of Lochaw, a charter of the lands of Menstry, which had been resigned by Charles Campbell into the hands of the governor of Stirling Castle. This charter is dated at Stirling, 18th January 1404-5, the witnesses being Gilbert, Bishop of Aberdeen, Chancellor of Scotland; John Stewart, Earl of Buchan, son of the granter; Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland; William Douglas of Lugtown; Dougal and Donald Campbell, brothers-german; Dougal of Quhonny; and Andrew of Hawick, rector of Listoune, secretary to the governor (Argyle Family Papers). On the 15th March 1413, James I. granted a charter, under the Great Seal, to Duncan Campbell of Lochaw, confirming him in the lands of Menstry, on the resignation of Charles Campbell (Argyle Family Papers).

William Alexander, a relative of the original settler at Menstry, acquired a farm on the adjacent lands of Tullibody. On the 23d June 1518, Sir John Crichton of Strathurd continued an action against Sir Ninian Seton, along with fourteen of his tenants, for withholding from him the " malis and dewtis" of the Mains of Tullibody. Among the tenants William Alexander is named (Acta Dom. Con., vol. xxxi., fol. 39).

Andrew Alexander, son of Thomas Alexander of Menstry, succeeded his father in the lands of Menstry. He married Katherine Graham, by whom he had two sons, Alexander and Andrew; the latter entered the Church, and in a sasine dated 15th November 1529, is styled "Andreas Alexander, presbyter." In a charter dated 8th April 1526, Colin, Earl of Argyle, granted to Andrew Alexander and Katharine Graham, his spouse, the lands of Menstry, in liferent, and to Alexander Alexander, their son and heir-apparent, in fee (Papers in Menstry Charter Chest). Andrew Alexander of Menstry died prior to 1527, and was succeeded by Alexander Alexander, his eldest son. On his succession, Alexander Alexander surrendered the lands of Menstry to Colin, Earl of Argyle, who took sasine of the same in February 1527 (Argyle Family Papers). In a sasine of Colin, Earl of Argyle, in 1529, Alexander Alexander is appointed bailie on the earl's estate in Clackmannanshire; he is designed "honorabilis vir Alexander Alsynder de Menstrie." A charter by James V., dated Stirling, 20th April 1530, confirms, first, a charter of gift of fee-farm, made by Archibald Campbell, lord of the fee of the earldom of Argyle, and Colin Campbell, his father, earl and lord of the said earldom, and master of the household to the king, to Alexander Alsynder and Elizabeth Douglas, his spouse, and the longer liver of them in liferent, and Andrew Alsynder, their son and heir-apparent, in fee, of the five-pound land of old extent called the Mains of Menstry, with the mill and bog of Menstry,

Source: The peerage of Scotland: containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, ... collected from the public records, and ancient chartularies of this nation, ... Illustrated with copper-plates. By Robert Douglas, Esq;. Douglas, Robert, Sir, 1694-1770.;view=fulltext

ARMS. Quarterly; 1st and 4th, partee per pale argent and sable, a cheveron, and in base a crescent, all counter-charged; 2d and 3d or, a ship, with the sails furled up sable, between three cross crosslets fitchee gules; and over all, in surtout, the badge of a baronet of New-Scotland, which is argent, on a saltire azure, The royal arms of Scotland ensigned on the top with an imperial crown, proper.

CREST; on a wreath, a bear sejant erect, proper.

SUPPORTERS; on the dexter side an Indian man, with long hair, and a dart in his right hand, having a plain circle or rim of gold on his head, beautified with a plume of seven feathers or and azure, and round his waist a like circle and feathers; on the finister, a mermaid, with her comb and mirror, all proper.

MOTTO; Per mare per terras.

CHIEF SEAT, Was at Menstrie in Stirlingshire.

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