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US Civil War: War Between the States POW CAMPS

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1861 to 1865
Location: USAmap
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Categories: Alton Prison, Alton, Illinois | Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio | Elmira Prison, Elmira, New York | Fort McHenry, Baltimore, Maryland | Point Lookout Civil War Prison, Scotland, Maryland | Camp Hoffman, Scotland, Maryland | Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois | Camp Morton, Indianapolis, Indiana | Fort Slocum, Davids' Island, New York | Fort Delaware, Pea Patch Island, Delaware | Fort Warren, Georges Island, Massachusetts | Gratiot Street Prison, St. Louis, Missouri | Johnson's Island, Sandusky, Ohio | Ohio Penitentiary, Columbus, Ohio | Old Capitol Prison, Washington, District of Columbia | Rock Island Prison, Rock Island, Illinois | Atheneum Prison, Wheeling Isle, West Virignia | Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia | Belle Isle Prison, Belle Isle, Virginia | Blackshear Prison, Blackshear, Georgia | Cahaba Prison, Cahaba, Alabama | Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas | Castle Pinckney, Charleston, South Carolina | Camp Sorghum, Columbia, South Carolina | Castle Thunder, Richmond, Virginia | Danville Prison, Danville, Virginia | Florence Stockade, Florence, South Carolina | Fort Pulaski, Tybee Island, Georgia | Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia | Salisbury Prison, Salisbury, North Carolina | Camp Groce, Hempstead, Texas.

Both United States of America (Union) and Confederate States of America (Confederate) POW Camps.


Wiki Tree Civil War Resources

POW Categories:

Prisons Types

The 150 prisons can be grouped into 7 classes. They are as follows:

  • 1.Existing jails and prisons- first to come into use, ranged in size from small city jails to medium sized county jails to large state prisons
  • 2.Coastal fortifications- second to be pressed into use, mostly in the North, were forts along the Atlantic Ocean
  • 3.Old buildings converted into prisons- used mainly in the South
  • 4.Barracks enclosed by high fences- these were groups of wooden buildings on a large plot of land previously used as basic-training camps or rendevous points for recruits. High fences were later built around the camps to enclose/confine the prisoners. Existed mostly in the North
  • 5.Clusters of tents enclosed by high fences- one of the cheapest types
  • 6.Barren stockades- cheapest and worst of the 7 types. Exclusively used in the South
  • 7.Barren ground- nothing more than gathering of prisoners on barren ground surrounded with a guardline[1]


To view images of the camps, please see:American Civil War Photos

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Point Lookout POW Camp, Point Lookout, Maryland.






  1. Union & Confederate Prisoner of War Camps 1861-1865, for more information click HERE.

Images: 2
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David Cate Image 6
David Cate Image 6