Andrews Name Study

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Surname/tag: Andrews
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Welcome to the Andrews Name Study!
Andrews Motto: Wisdom is the Conqueror of Fortune

See also:

This is a project that I hope will become a valuable reference point for any Andrews researchers alike to share their knowledge by posting their DNA tests, resources, pictures, stories, and anything else of interest to this surname.

Please join by contacting the project leader, Alison Andrus. See the section on our goals and what you can do below. Post questions and comments and add details about your particular area of interest.

The Andrews Name Study is Under Construction!! Please be patient as I work to create a useful resource for collaboration.

Please see a description of the coat of arms found on this page for the Andrews family at Burke's Encyclopaedia of Heraldry or Berry's Encyclopaedia Heraldica Or Complete Dictionary of Heraldry, Volume 2.

  • Page Background: The St. Andrews Tartan

James Andrews Coat of Arms ca. 1760


Our Goals

Although DNA analysis can assist in determining that two or more participants who have tested their yDNA descend from a common male ancestor, it will not identify the specific ancestor without the use of accurate record documentation used in genealogical research.

The purpose of this study is to work together to establish an accurate Andrews Family tree by using the best possible sources available for documentation. To date, there are 23 unrelated Andrews lines established by the Andrews DNA Project hosted at Family Tree DNA. In almost all cases, the common ancestor has not been identified in these lines. We can help the effort by growing the best Andrews tree possible.

What You Can Do

  1. Work cooperatively together with other Andrews profile managers to create the best Andrews tree possible.
  2. Add the category for Andrews Name Study to profiles using a location to better organize and identify family lines. See the ONS FAQ page for instructions.
  3. Search out original rather than derivative documentation and add sources to Andrews profiles.
  4. Write comprehensive, well-sourced biographies for Andrews profiles.
  5. Check for duplicates and request merges.
  6. Contact Alison to request PPP status for those profiles that meet the criteria for project protection. This will protect them from an incorrect merge.
  7. If you are a male with the Andrews surname or a variant and haven't already, please consider testing your yDNA through the Andrews Family Tree DNA Project so that we can all have a better understanding of our heritage and possibly make new discoveries.
  8. Do you have an Andrews profile you are especially proud of? Let Alison know and we will feature it on this page.


Andrews Surname Origins

"Andrew" and its very numerous variants and equivalents has been popular throughout christendom for centuries, partly due to the name of St. Andrew, the name of the first of Jesus Christ's disciples, who is the patron saint of Scotland and also of Russia.

The personal name is first recorded in England in the Domesday Book in its Latin form of "Andreas".

First found in Caithness, the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness. This family was strongly associated with the Clan Ross. It was originally known as the Clan Siol Andrea, meaning the race of Andrew. However, from about the year 1100 the Andrews moved south to Dumfriesshire area of southwest Scotland. Duncan Andrew, Chief of the Clan, rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296.

The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Andreu (witness). which was dated 1237, Fees Court Records, Berkshire. during the reign of King Henry III, The Frenchman, 1216 - 1272.

The surname development has included "Moricius Andrewys" (1275, Worcestershire), William Andro, (1339, Aberdeen), John Andrus, (1510, Norfolk) and Humfrey Andros (1552, Yorkshire).

See Earliest Known Settlement below for more information.

Motto: Victrix fortuna sapientia Motto Translation: Wisdom is the conqueror of fortune


Name Variations

Andrus, see the Andrus Name Study for more information.

Andrews Name Distribution

Click on an image for a close-up view.

Andrews in Scotland

Andrews in England

At the time of the 1881 British Census, the Andrews name's relative frequency was highest in Dorset (3.6 times the British average), followed by Wiltshire, Huntingdonshire, Worcestershire, Hampshire, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Devon and Somerset.

Andrews in the United States


Earliest Known Settlement

Where did your Andrews family live? Please list them here.


Saint Andrew may be the patron saint of Scotland, but Andrews as a surname is not common. Anderson or McAndrew or Kendrew are more common. Andrews was at one time a Caithness clan name, sometimes spelt Andrus. Duncan Fitz Andrew was its chief at the time they rendered homage to the English King Edward I in 1296. Later these Andrews seem to have been absorbed into the Ross clan.


Andrews first appeared as a surname as Andrewys or Andrewes in the late 13th century.

"The Visitations of Northamptonshire made in 1564 and 1618-19 : with Northhamptonshire pedigrees from various Harleian mss" begins on page 1 with Andrew of Charwelton and Andrewes of Blisworth. See the diagrams beginning on page 62 for the family charts. These families are profiled on Wikitree but need attention. See the Andrewes search page. Further development of these profiles is a goal worth undertaking by the Andrews Study.

  • Thomas Andrewes was a seaman in the early 1500's and later a master at Trinity House. Two of his sons, Lancelot and Roger, were church scholars who contributed greatly to the King James version of the English Bible that was produced in 1611. The line continued with Thomas and Richard Andrews, London merchants who helped finance the Plymouth plantation in America (being owners of the Mayflower and the ill-fated Angel Gabriel). See: Ancestry of Lancelot Andrewes (b 1555), Bishop of Winchester

Another London Andrews at this time, not apparently related, was Sir Thomas Andrewes, Lord Mayor of London under Cromwell. Henry Andrewes died in the Great Plague of 1665, but he left an infant son whose descendants established themselves as local gentry at Shaw House in Berkshire.

The 19th century distribution showed the Andrews surname mainly around London and the southeast, with some Andrews west in Dorset and Devon. Andrews at Widecombe on the moors in Devon date from 1626. Another family history starts with the marriage of Thomas Andrews and Elizabeth Haskell at Horton in Dorset in 1788.

Channel Islands

John Andrews had come to Guernsey in the 1550's as a lieutenant to the then governor of the island. He changed his name to Andros after marrying into the local gentry. These Androses held Sausmarez manor on Guernsey for the next two hundred years. See Thomas Andros. They were the ancestors of Sir Edmund Andros.

American Colonies

This is a work in progress. Please add your research interests to the list.

  • Sir Edmund Andros was bailiff of Guernsey and governor of New England in the late 1600's. He was the person who changed the name of New Amsterdam to New York.
  • James Andrews came to Old Rappahannock county, Virginia in the 1670's. His line was traced in Kittie LeBlanc's 1981 book "Andrews Family."
  • Robert Andrews, b. abt 1593; arrived in 1634. Franklin Andrews' 1890 book History of the Andrews Family has traced the subsequent Andrews line. He was an innkeeper at Ipswich, Massachusetts; wife Elizabeth; children; Alice, m. William Franklin; Abigail, m. Daniel Hovey; John, m. Sarah Holyoke; Thomas, unmarried.
  • Samuel Andrews, b. abt 1598; came from London in 1635 aboard The Increase; He was a dyer in Saco; wife Jane; children; James, b. 1625, m. Dorcas Mitton and Margaret Phips Halsey; Rebecca, b. 1628, d. 1629; Jane, b. 1629, m. Richard Pike, Thomas Purchase and John Blaney; Samuel, bp. 1634, d. 1634; Philippa, b. 1636, m. George Felt, Samuel Platts and Thomas Nelson.
  • Thomas Andrews, b. abt. 1611, arrived in 1634. He was a mason in Dorchester; wife Ann; children; Hannah, b. abt. 1636, m. William Hopkins; Thomas, bp. 1639, m. Phebe Goard.
  • Thomas Andrews, b. abt. 1572; arrived 1635; lived in Hingham; wife's name unknown; children; Joseph, b. abt 1597, m. Elizabeth.
  • William Andrews, b. abt. 1607; arrived 1634 to Cambridge and to Hartford by 1637. Schoolmaster. Wife Abigail; children; John, b. abt 1632 m. a Lilly and Mary; Abigail, b. abt 1634; Elizabeth, b. abt 1636, m. Edward Grannis; Thomas, b. 1638, m. Hannah Kirby; Esther, b. 1641, m. Thomas Spencer; Samuel, b. 1645, m. Elizabeth Spencer.


There were English Andrews who were granted the Rathenny estate in Offaly in 1667. Earlier had come Thomas and Robert Andrew, troopers from Scotland in county Down. Robert's descendants established themselves as millers in Comber. John Andrews expanded the business into linen-bleaching in the 18th century. Later came two brothers, John and Thomas. The Andrews family story has been recounted in Sydney Andrews' 1958 book, "Nine Generations: A History of the Andrews Family of Comber."

Australia and the South Pacific

  • John and James Andrews who were transported from Dorset in 1828. On their release they moved to Victoria and took up land for market gardening near Melbourne.
  • Jane Andrews, daughter of Samuel and Jane Andrews from London, emigrated to Australia with a group of 23 other young women from the St. Mary-le-Bone workhouse, arriving on the Renown on 11 October 1832. Her son, John Andrews married Sarah Craft and founded a large Andrews clan at Mangrove Creek in the Hawkesbury District of NSW.
  • Abraham and Sarah Andrews and their family from Wiltshire who came to Australia in the 1850's and settled in Singleton, NSW.
  • Robert and Elizabeth Andrews who left Dorset for Australia on the Jessore in 1853. Elizabeth died during the passage.
  • James Andrews who left county Derry with his three sons on the Norwood in 1854. They settled in Manning valley, NSW.

New Zealand

  • William Andrews emigrated to Nelson, New Zealand from Hampshire with his family on the "Bolton" in 1842. Many descendants settled in Canterbury, NZ. William's grandson, Sir Ernest Andrews notes in his memoirs that one of his grandfather's brothers, Robert emigrated to Sydney, Australia, but does not identify when.

Fiji Islands

The family history goes that the first Andrews that came to Fiji in the early 1800's was named Brent Andrews. He was a whaler on a ship that sunk off the harbor in the Suva. Brent managed to swim ashore and decided to stay in Fiji. He bought land after doing a favor for the King of Cakaudrove. The favor was to steal a woman from the island of Lau. After successfuly carrying out the favor the king gave Brent the lands that the family presently live on.


DNA Studies

Family Tree DNA hosts an Andrews Study. To date, the Andrews DNA Project has successfully identified 23 genetic families, each of whom use the Andrews surname, though they are not related to each other. Most of the known Andrews lines in English-speaking countries originated in Great Britain.

See the yDNA Chart for the latest results.

Andrews Descendants on WikiTree

Please add your info to the table below or contact Alison to add it.

Researcher Name Oldest Traced Andrews Ancestor Place of Settlement Date of Settlement Haplogroup GEDMatch ID Ancestry Test ID FTDNA Kit# Ysearch ID
Alison Andrus Lt. John Andrews Ipswich, MA, USA 1637 R-M269 A978292 ALi1202 357520 4P5UJ
Rhonda Andries John Andrews Farmington, CT, USA 1643 A227371 RHONDAANDRIES
Davian Pfeiff John Andrews Farmington, CT, USA 1643 T827000 544485
Lori Dillon John Andrews Farmington, CT, USA 1643 A228825 Lori_Dillon

Andrews Brickwalls

Help us break down these Andrews Brickwalls. The following list of profiles needs to be connected to the Andrews line.

Andrews Place Names

Andrews, California
Andrews, Florida (disambiguation), various places
Andrews, Indiana
Andrews, Nebraska
Andrews, North Carolina
Andrews, Oregon
Andrews, Queensland, Australia
Andrews, South Australia
Andrews, South Carolina
Andrews, Texas
Andrews County, Texas
Andrews Air Force Base near Washington, D.C., home of Air Force One
Andrews University (Michigan)
Andrews Avenue, a major thoroughfare in Metro Manila, Philippines

Notable Andrews Names

See the Andrews list of names on Wikipedia

Andrews Research Online


  1. Lieut. John Andrews of Chebacco, Mass. 1637-1708; Compiled by Hon. H. F. Andrews, pub. 1909.
  2. Lieut. John Andrews of Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts; by Betty Andrews Storey, digitally pub. 2009.
  3. Genealogical and Personal Memoirs; pg. 1168
  4. Genealogical history of John and Mary Andrews, who settled in Farmington, Conn., by Alfred Andrews, published 1872 Chicago, Ill. : A.H. Andrews & Co.


Comments: 2

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Andrew, not Andrews is pretty common in Argyll, Scotland. Many Andrew immigrants from Scotland added an S after they got here. If you'd like a category for Andrew, not Andrews in Argyll I can set one up.
Hello everyone,

I have been working on the Andrews side of my family, and I found one man in particular who was born and raised in Kentucky, spent about 12 years in Georgia, and then moved the family to New Jersey for at least 10 years. What category should I put him in? Thanks, Rebecca McCall

posted by Rebecca McCall