Location: Androscoggin County, Maine
Surnames/tags: Androscoggin_County_Maine us_history maine
History and People of Androscoggin County, Maine
Towns and Cities in Androscoggin County
18 March 1854: Androscoggin County organized from four counties: Auburn, Danville (later annexed to Auburn), Poland and Minot from Cumberland County; Livermore and Turner from Oxford County; East Livermore, Greene, Leeds and Wales from Kennebec County; and Lewiston and Webster (later renamed Sabattus), and Lisbon from Lincoln County.
|Town/City||Inc.||Parent Town||Parent County|
|Auburn|| 24 Feb 1842 |
22 Feb 1869
|Durham||17 Feb 1789||Danville (Pejepscot)||Cumberland|
|Greene||18 Jun 1788||Lewiston||Kennebec|
|Leeds||16 Feb 1801||Livermore, Monmouth||Kennebec|
|Lewiston|| 18 Feb 1795 |
22 Mar 1862
|Greene, Sabattus (Webster), Webster||Lincoln|
|Lisbon||22 Jun 1799||Bowdoin, Little River Plantation, Sabattus (Webster)||Lincoln|
|Livermore||28 Feb 1795||Chandler's Gore & Livermore Plantation||Oxford|
|Livermore Falls||1 Mar 1843||Livermore||Oxford|
|Mechanic Falls||22 Mar 1893||Minot, Poland||Cumberland|
|Minot||18 Feb 1802||Poland||Cumberland|
|Poland||1795||Eighty Rod Strip, Thompson Pond||Poland|
|Sabattus||7 Mar 1840||Greene, Lewiston, Lisbon, Litchfield, Wales||Cumberland & Kennebec|
|Turner||7 Jul 1786||Sylvester Plantation||Oxford|
|Wales||1 Feb 1816||Leeds, Litchfield (Smithfield/Smithtown), Monmouth||Lincoln|
Extinct Places in Androscoggin County
|Name||Became||Date of Change|
|Bakerstown Plantation||Poland||27 Apr 1779|
|Danville||Auburn||26 Feb 1867|
|East Livermore||Livermore Falls||3 Mar 1930|
|Lewistown Plantation (part)||Greene||18 June 1788|
|Lewistown Plantation (rest)||Lewiston||18 Feb 1795|
|Little River Plantation (annexed)||Lisbon||4 Mar 1808|
|Littleborough Plantation||Leeds||16 Feb 1801|
|Pejepscot||Danville||1 Feb 1819|
|Pejepscot Claim & Little's Gore||Pejepscot||6 Mar 1802|
|Port Royal||Livermore||28 Feb 1795|
|Royalsborough Plantation (Royalsburgh)||Durham||17 Feb 1789|
|Sylvester Plantation (Sylvestertown)||Turner||7 Jul 1786|
|Thompson Pond Plantation (so. east part)||New Gloucester||12 Feb 1816|
|Thompson Pond Plantation (rest)||Otisfield and Poland||1830|
|Thompsonborough||Lisbon||20 Feb 1802|
|Wales Plantation||Wales||1 Feb 1816|
Most of these changes were minor; those in bold denote large portions set off to create new towns. The place names are those in use at the time of the change.
|12 Feb 1802||Livermore||Leeds|
|18 Feb 1802||Poland (part)||Minot|
|5 Feb 1821||Danville||Durham|
|8 Feb 1821||Livermore||Wayne|
|11 Feb 1823||Danville||Durham|
| 31 Jan 1826|
|20 Feb 1827||Litchfield||Wales|
|8 Mar 1830||Thompson Pond Plantation||Poland|
|7 Mar 1834||Bowdoin||Lisbon|
|20 Mar 1838||Eighty Rod Strip||Poland|
|7 Mar 1840||Lisbon||Webster|
|24 Feb 1842||Minot||Auburn|
| 20 Mar 1844|
|Minot & Auburn||Auburn & Minot|
|20 Jul 1847||Webster||Lisbon|
|20 Apr 1852||Greene & Webster||Lewiston|
|20 Feb 1827||Leeds &Monmouth||Wales|
|24 Mar 1852||Poland||Danville|
|16 Mar 1855||Leeds||Wales|
|12 Mar 1856||Litchfield||Wales|
|20 Mar 1858||Poland||Otisfield & Casco|
|19 Feb 1859||Danville||Auburn|
|2 Apr 1859||Leeds||Wayne|
|19 Feb 1863||Lisbon||Webster|
|14 Feb 1867||Litchfield & Wales||Webster|
|20 Feb 1873||Minot||Auburn|
|22 Mar 1893||Poland & Minot||Mechanic Falls|
|7 Feb 1895||Lewiston and Greene||Webster|
Heads of Families in Auburn before 1800
|Haskell||Samuel Hubbard Haskell|
Settlement Time Line
Court disputes concerning overlapping land grants that encompassed much of the territory which became Androscoggin County long delayed settlement. Many of the early settlers did not own their land, but rented from the proprietors.
1690 Turner settled.
1763: Durham settled.
1768: Bakerstown, later Poland, was settled by Nathaniel Bailey, Daniel Lane and Moses Emery.
1769: Moses Emery was the first person to settle in the area that became Minot. He was followed in a few years by Samuel and Levi Shaw. Other early settlers at Minot were Henry Sawtelle, Israel Bray, Jr. & Sr., Samuel, William and Davis Verrill, Edward Jumper and John Leach.
1770: Paul Hindreth, the first settler of what is now Lewiston, build a log cabin on the east side of the Androscoggin River. He was soon joined by David Pettingill and L. J. Harris. Other early settlers included Asa Varnum, Thomas and Jonas Coburn, Israel Herrick, Jesse Wright, Jacob Barker, Josiah Mitchell, Jonathan Hodgkin, James Ames, Daniel Read, and Ebenezer Ham.
1772: Daniel Staples, Thomas and Elisha Record, Joseph Leavitt and Abner Phillips established the first settlement at Turner. The earlier name of Turner was Silvester Canada.
1773: Greene and Wales settled.
1779: Leeds settled.
1779: Elijah Livermore settled Livermore, followed soon by Mrs. Carver, Josiah Wyer, William Carver and Elisha Smith.
1779: John Wooster was the first to settle the Ricker Hill portion of Poland; before 1782 fourteen other families had settled there.
1780: The Stinchfield brothers settled Littelborough plantation, followed soon by Jira Fish and Thomas Millett.
4 Jul 1780: J. Bagley and Moses Little conveyed to Samuel Thompson all the land from Little River to Sabattis River, and to the north to the line dividing Pejepscot proprietors and the Kennebec proprietors. This became Lisbon and Webster (later Sabattus)
1786: First permanent settlement of the land that became Danville, and later Auburn, in the Pejepscot Claim.
1793: Jabez Ricker traded his land in Alfred, ME, to the Shaker Community and settled in that part of Poland which became known as Ricker Hill. His son Wentworth Ricker opened the first Inn there in 1797.
1798: First settlement at the Falls on the west side of the Androscoggin River (now Auburn).
1798: Ezekiel and Samuel Thompson settled at Lisbon, joined soon by Thomas Godfrey, Abraham Whitney, Hezekiah and Joseph Coombs, Abel Nutting, John Raymond and James Barker.
1808: Little River Plantation annexed to Lisbon; this part of Lisbon in known as Lisbon Falls.
1819: A Shaker community was established at Poland.
1822: Jacob Read opened the first store in Auburn Village.
26 Feb 1835: Charter granted to "Lewiston Falls Manufacturing Company" by the legislature, the first such charter for manufacturing at Lewiston.
Vital Records online
Most of these records are on familysearch.org. I have only included links to unindexed digital images available for free and not currently restricted.
Other records may be available. On familysearch, use the go to the search menu, select catalog, and enter the place name to see what is available. For indexed records not linked to digital images, copy the film/fiche number and look it up in the catalog. The film may be available.
|Auburn||Index to Marriages, 1786-1954||Bride index limited info, groom index has full record.|
|Auburn||Old Danville Journal||Families, heads index|
|Auburn||Vital Records (BMD), 1751-1867|
|Auburn||Vital Records, 1838-1896|
|Durham||Town & Vital Records, 1789-1931|
|Greene||Vital Records, 1755-1925|
|Leeds||Town & Vital Records, 1801-1891|
|Lewiston||Vital Records, 1764-1889|
|Lisbon||Town & Vital Records, 1800-1891|
|Lisbon||Lisbon, Maine Vital Records||Carmeta Appleby, Typed|
|Lisbon||Town Register, 1905|
|Livermore||Vital and Town Records, 1797-1910|
|Livermore Falls||Court Records, Civil Court Docket, 1924-1965||see Livermore for VRs|
|Mechanic Falls||see Poland and Minot|
|Minot||Vital Records, 1795-1888||typed|
|Poland||Vital Records, 1802-1937|
|Sabattus||Births and Christenings, 1840-1875||computer printout|
|Turner||Births, Deaths & Some Marriages, 1740-1955||Index in front of first film|
|Turner||Town & Vital Records, 1787-1892|
|Turner||Births & Christenings, 1776-1875||computer printout|
|Wales||Vital Records, 1834-1891||& a mortgage for 1841|
|Wales||Births & Christenings, 1759-1875||computer printout|
- Maine History Records Survey Project. Counties, Cities, Towns, and Plantations of Maine: A Handbook of Incorporations, Dissolutions, and Boundary Changes. Portland, ME: Maine History Records Survey Project, 1940.
- Cogswell, Rev. Joseph, "Androscoggin County" in R. H. Howard, and Henry E Crocker, eds. A History of New England containing historical and descriptive sketches... Boston: Crocker & Co., Publishers, 1879, pp. 464-470.
- Leclerk, Michael J., ed. "" Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012.
- Merrill, Georgia Drew, ed., History of Androscoggin County, Maine. Boston: W.A. Fergusson & Co., 1891. 
- Washburn, Israel, Notes, Historical, Descriptive, and Personal of Livermore, in Androscoggin (Formerly in Oxford) County, Maine, Portland, Me.: B. Thurston & Co., 1874,