Androscoggin County, Maine, Place Study

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Maine Project Page

History and People of Androscoggin County, Maine


Towns and Cities in Androscoggin County

18 March 1854: Androscoggin County organized from four counties: Auburn, Danville (later annexed to Auburn), Poland and Minot from Cumberland County; Livermore and Turner from Oxford County; East Livermore, Greene, Leeds and Wales from Kennebec County; and Lewiston and Webster (later renamed Sabattus), and Lisbon from Lincoln County.

Town/City Inc. Parent Town Parent County
Auburn 24 Feb 1842
22 Feb 1869
Danville, Minot Cumberland
Durham 17 Feb 1789 Danville (Pejepscot) Cumberland
Greene 18 Jun 1788 Lewiston Kennebec
Leeds 16 Feb 1801 Livermore, Monmouth Kennebec
Lewiston 18 Feb 1795
22 Mar 1862
Greene, Sabattus (Webster), Webster Lincoln
Lisbon 22 Jun 1799 Bowdoin, Little River Plantation, Sabattus (Webster) Lincoln
Livermore 28 Feb 1795 Chandler's Gore & Livermore Plantation Oxford
Livermore Falls 1 Mar 1843 Livermore Oxford
Mechanic Falls 22 Mar 1893 Minot, Poland Cumberland
Minot 18 Feb 1802 Poland Cumberland
Poland 1795 Eighty Rod Strip, Thompson Pond Poland
Sabattus 7 Mar 1840 Greene, Lewiston, Lisbon, Litchfield, Wales Cumberland & Kennebec
Turner 7 Jul 1786 Sylvester Plantation Oxford
Wales 1 Feb 1816 Leeds, Litchfield (Smithfield/Smithtown), Monmouth Lincoln

Extinct Places in Androscoggin County

Name Became Date of Change
Bakerstown Plantation Poland 27 Apr 1779
Danville Auburn 26 Feb 1867
East Livermore Livermore Falls 3 Mar 1930
Lewistown Plantation (part) Greene 18 June 1788
Lewistown Plantation (rest) Lewiston 18 Feb 1795
Little River Plantation (annexed) Lisbon 4 Mar 1808
Littleborough Plantation Leeds 16 Feb 1801
Pejepscot Danville 1 Feb 1819
Pejepscot Claim & Little's Gore Pejepscot 6 Mar 1802
Port Royal Livermore 28 Feb 1795
Royalsborough Plantation (Royalsburgh) Durham 17 Feb 1789
Sylvester Plantation (Sylvestertown) Turner 7 Jul 1786
Thompson Pond Plantation (so. east part) New Gloucester 12 Feb 1816
Thompson Pond Plantation (rest) Otisfield and Poland 1830
Thompsonborough Lisbon 20 Feb 1802
Wales Plantation Wales 1 Feb 1816
Webster Sabattus 1971

Boundary Changes

Most of these changes were minor; those in bold denote large portions set off to create new towns. The place names are those in use at the time of the change.

Date From To
12 Feb 1802 Livermore Leeds
18 Feb 1802 Poland (part) Minot
1810 Leeds Wayne
5 Feb 1821 Danville Durham
8 Feb 1821 Livermore Wayne
11 Feb 1823 Danville Durham
31 Jan 1826
repealed 1827
Bowdoin Lisbon
20 Feb 1827 Litchfield Wales
8 Mar 1830 Thompson Pond Plantation Poland
7 Mar 1834 Bowdoin Lisbon
20 Mar 1838 Eighty Rod Strip Poland
7 Mar 1840 Lisbon Webster
24 Feb 1842 Minot Auburn
20 Mar 1844
Line altered
Minot & Auburn Auburn & Minot
20 Jul 1847 Webster Lisbon
20 Apr 1852 Greene & Webster Lewiston
20 Feb 1827 Leeds &Monmouth Wales
24 Mar 1852 Poland Danville
16 Mar 1855 Leeds Wales
12 Mar 1856 Litchfield Wales
20 Mar 1858 Poland Otisfield & Casco
19 Feb 1859 Danville Auburn
2 Apr 1859 Leeds Wayne
19 Feb 1863 Lisbon Webster
14 Feb 1867 Litchfield & Wales Webster
20 Feb 1873 Minot Auburn
22 Mar 1893 Poland & Minot Mechanic Falls
7 Feb 1895 Lewiston and Greene Webster

Early settlers

Heads of Families in Auburn before 1800

Surname Heads
Chase Jonathan Chase
Finson Thomas Finson
Goss John Goss
Haskell Samuel Hubbard Haskell
Hildreth David Hildreth
Lane Job Lane

Settlement Time Line

Court disputes concerning overlapping land grants that encompassed much of the territory which became Androscoggin County long delayed settlement. Many of the early settlers did not own their land, but rented from the proprietors.

1690 Turner settled.

1763: Durham settled.

1768: Bakerstown, later Poland, was settled by Nathaniel Bailey, Daniel Lane and Moses Emery.

1769: Moses Emery was the first person to settle in the area that became Minot. He was followed in a few years by Samuel and Levi Shaw. Other early settlers at Minot were Henry Sawtelle, Israel Bray, Jr. & Sr., Samuel, William and Davis Verrill, Edward Jumper and John Leach.

1770: Paul Hindreth, the first settler of what is now Lewiston, build a log cabin on the east side of the Androscoggin River. He was soon joined by David Pettingill and L. J. Harris. Other early settlers included Asa Varnum, Thomas and Jonas Coburn, Israel Herrick, Jesse Wright, Jacob Barker, Josiah Mitchell, Jonathan Hodgkin, James Ames, Daniel Read, and Ebenezer Ham.

1772: Daniel Staples, Thomas and Elisha Record, Joseph Leavitt and Abner Phillips established the first settlement at Turner. The earlier name of Turner was Silvester Canada.

1773: Greene and Wales settled.

1779: Leeds settled.

1779: Elijah Livermore settled Livermore, followed soon by Mrs. Carver, Josiah Wyer, William Carver and Elisha Smith.

1779: John Wooster was the first to settle the Ricker Hill portion of Poland; before 1782 fourteen other families had settled there.

1780: The Stinchfield brothers settled Littelborough plantation, followed soon by Jira Fish and Thomas Millett.

4 Jul 1780: J. Bagley and Moses Little conveyed to Samuel Thompson all the land from Little River to Sabattis River, and to the north to the line dividing Pejepscot proprietors and the Kennebec proprietors. This became Lisbon and Webster (later Sabattus)

1786: First permanent settlement of the land that became Danville, and later Auburn, in the Pejepscot Claim.

1793: Jabez Ricker traded his land in Alfred, ME, to the Shaker Community and settled in that part of Poland which became known as Ricker Hill. His son Wentworth Ricker opened the first Inn there in 1797.

1798: First settlement at the Falls on the west side of the Androscoggin River (now Auburn).

1798: Ezekiel and Samuel Thompson settled at Lisbon, joined soon by Thomas Godfrey, Abraham Whitney, Hezekiah and Joseph Coombs, Abel Nutting, John Raymond and James Barker.

1808: Little River Plantation annexed to Lisbon; this part of Lisbon in known as Lisbon Falls.

1819: A Shaker community was established at Poland.

1822: Jacob Read opened the first store in Auburn Village.

26 Feb 1835: Charter granted to "Lewiston Falls Manufacturing Company" by the legislature, the first such charter for manufacturing at Lewiston.

Vital Records online

Most of these records are on I have only included links to unindexed digital images available for free and not currently restricted.

Other records may be available. On familysearch, use the go to the search menu, select catalog, and enter the place name to see what is available. For indexed records not linked to digital images, copy the film/fiche number and look it up in the catalog. The film may be available.

Place Record Note
Auburn Index to Marriages, 1786-1954 Bride index limited info, groom index has full record.
Auburn Old Danville Journal Families, heads index
Auburn Vital Records (BMD), 1751-1867
Auburn Vital Records, 1838-1896
Durham Town & Vital Records, 1789-1931
Greene Vital Records, 1755-1925
Leeds Town & Vital Records, 1801-1891
Lewiston Vital Records, 1764-1889
Lisbon Town & Vital Records, 1800-1891
Lisbon Lisbon, Maine Vital Records Carmeta Appleby, Typed
Lisbon Town Register, 1905
Livermore Vital and Town Records, 1797-1910
Livermore Falls Court Records, Civil Court Docket, 1924-1965 see Livermore for VRs
Mechanic Falls see Poland and Minot
Minot Vital Records, 1795-1888 typed
Poland Vital Records, 1802-1937
Sabattus Births and Christenings, 1840-1875 computer printout
Turner Births, Deaths & Some Marriages, 1740-1955 Index in front of first film
Turner Town & Vital Records, 1787-1892
Turner Births & Christenings, 1776-1875 computer printout
Wales Vital Records, 1834-1891 & a mortgage for 1841
Wales Births & Christenings, 1759-1875 computer printout


  • Maine History Records Survey Project. Counties, Cities, Towns, and Plantations of Maine: A Handbook of Incorporations, Dissolutions, and Boundary Changes. Portland, ME: Maine History Records Survey Project, 1940.
  • Cogswell, Rev. Joseph, "Androscoggin County" in R. H. Howard, and Henry E Crocker, eds. A History of New England containing historical and descriptive sketches... Boston: Crocker & Co., Publishers, 1879, pp. 464-470.
  • Leclerk, Michael J., ed. "" Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012.
  • Merrill, Georgia Drew, ed., History of Androscoggin County, Maine. Boston: W.A. Fergusson & Co., 1891. [1]
  • Washburn, Israel, Notes, Historical, Descriptive, and Personal of Livermore, in Androscoggin (Formerly in Oxford) County, Maine, Portland, Me.: B. Thurston & Co., 1874, [2]

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