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Angelina County, Texas

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Formed From

Angelina County was created and organized - 1846 from Nacogdoches County with Lufkin as the county seat, The county is named for the Angelina River and in honor of a Spanish missionaries' nickname for a woman of the Hasani tribe (legendary Indian girl who was a convert of the Franciscanl missionaries).[1] There is a bronze statue of this Indian girl just across from Museum of East Texas in Lufkin.

Adjacent Counties

Northwest
Cherokee County
North
Northeast
"Angelina River"
"Sam Rayburn Reservoir"
Nacogdoches County
San Augustine County
North arrow
West
"Neches River"
Houston County
Trinity County
West arrow Angelina County, Texas East arrow East
South arrow
Southwest
"Neches River"
Polk County
Tyler County
South
Southeast
Jasper County

History/Timeline

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hca03

May 10, 1801 - First deed on record conveyed 5½ leagues of land to Vincente Micheli from Surdo, chief of the Bedias Indians, in exchange for a white shirt, eight brass bracelets, a handful of vermilion, a fathom of ribbon, a gun, and fifty charges of powder and ball.[2]
1820 -Anglo settlers - the Burris family, settled in the area of theNorth part (Lufkin ) called Burris Prairie. Soon other families emigrated from Alto and Nacogdoches and settled near the rivers. Few [2]
1846 Only a few settlers were here prior to the Texas Independence in 1836, The county was formed from Nacogdoches County. It is named for a Hasinai Native American woman who assisted early Spanish missionaries. The Spanish missionaries named the area "Angelina" a Angelina County is a wet county as of November 2006 wet/dry election. Southern U.S. states settlers built plantations.[2]
This was good farming land. The Rivers enabled steamboat transportation.There were 1,165 people with196 slaves, with slaves. [2]
First County seat - Marion. [2]
1854 - Janesville was the county seat.Large plantations were owned by the Stearns, Oates, Kalty, Stovall, and Ewing families. Many Angelina County farmers were poor men with no slaves. [2]
1858 Homer was the county Seat. Cotton was grown on 2,048 Acres.improved land. [2]
1850-1860-

settlers improved the land in the county increased from about 3,000 to about 16,000 acres. [2]

1861- Angelina County was the only county in East Texas to reject secession, a contrast to Tyler county who supported it 99%.[2]
1862-65 - Two companies of county men were organized to fight in the Civil War, with only limited action;
1866- No Union soldiers entered the county before 1866.[2]
Slavery Slavery movement
Post 1866After the war, lumber industry become principal industry. [2]
1880s- county farmers grew only about 25,000 acres.. Arrival of railroads began Exploitation of pine and hardwood timber began. County had 10,000 cattle and 20,000 hogs.[2]
1881- Property value increased to ($732,282 - 1881), to ($4,372,655 - 1903), and ($10,078,407 in 1913). Railway arrival-, the county focused on its timber and forest products.[2]
1882- Houston, East and West Texas Railway (now the Southern Pacific) was extended from Houston to Shreveport.[2]
1892 - Lufkin became the county Seat.[2]
1880s-1890s Railways entered East Texas: Kansas and Gulf Short Line, later became Cotton Belt ,St Louis and Southwestern, Texas Southeastern, Shreveport, The Graviton, Lufkin and Northern, Texas Southeastern.[2]
1890 Lufkin became the hub most of the railway lines met. With the arrival of the railroads, population doubled 1880-1890 and was 28,903 in 1930. The county had 10,000 cattle and twice as many hogs at this time, 1.3 billion board feet of longleaf and a billion board feet of loblolly pine. [2]
1893- World's Fair of 1893 gave another boost to useage of southern pine as a building material.[2]
1887 - Angelina County Lumber Company, founded by Joseph H. Kurth, Sr, at Keltys. [2]
1893- Southern Pine Lumber Company, founded at Diboll by T. L. L. Temple, became giant industries as southern pine became the chief commercial wood used in America. [2]
1900- Angelina had 17 sawmills operating.[2]
Smaller towns in the county as Diboll, Huntington, Fuller Springs, Hudson, Zavalla, and Burke were maintained by the lumber industry. [2]
Other towns formed around early sawmills until the timber was cut out: Homer, Baker, Clawson, Emporia, Hamlet, Lay, Popher, Yuno, Baber, Davisville, Renova, and Retrieve. Despite the many ghost towns, lumbering continued to form the economic backbone of Angelina County through the early part of the present century.
1916 20- Lumber industry peaked, Angelina County lumber companies closed or decreased their sales. The decrease was due to wasteful harvesting practices caused the Timber production began to fall off due to wasteful harvesting practices, conservation and sustained maintenance of forest resources..then agriculture began with 18,877 cattle, 3,300 horses and mules, 32,266 hogs, 4,500 sheep and goats, and 50,000 chickens, turkeys. [2]
post 1916 - - [2][2]
1920- Residents returned to small farming and stock raising to feed themselves.[2]
1930s- Great Depression hit Angelina County quite hard.
1933 more than 2,500 residents were on relief rolls—(10% of population) due to the timber industry.. as the timber industry in Texas was vulnerable to the depression. [2]
1930s Housing boom in housing and other businesses that depended on lumber ceased abruptly with the failure of banks and lending institutions and with unemployment. [2]
1930s The Civilian Conservation Corps for East Texas was headquartered in Lufkin during the depression. and served 26 counties and 17 camps in efforts to bring about financial recovery....[2]
1937 Angelina County had a respectable total of both state highways (103.22 miles) and county roads (871.56 miles) towards the end of the depression. It also had more farms (2,802) and more cattle (18,659) than five of the eight counties that bound it. [2]
1939 Southland Paper Mill established Development of method to turn southern pinewood into paper.The county also profited greatly from the development of a method for turning southern pine wood into paper. the mill also developed manufacture of newsprint. [2]
1944 Angelina County had 44 firms and the value of manufactured goods in 1945 was $25 million. Principal industries at that time were foundries, a creosoting plant, sawmills, and a $10 million newsprint mill, Southland Paper Mills. [2]
1954-1958 wholesale trade in Angelina County amounted to $37,114,000; Angelina County was also at or near the top of these ten counties in the 1950s and 1960s for retail trade, retail trade increases, service industries receipts, bank deposits, poll taxes, auto registrations (16,518), and chamber of commerce budgets.[2]
mid 1980s Lumber and industries such as foundry and the manufacture of oilfield equipment made Lufkin the 5th largest industrial area in Texas. [2]

Government Offices

1902/03 Courthouse, Lufkin, Texas
1st Courthouse, in Marion. 1854-1858- had first log courthouse. [3]
2nd county seat was Jonesville, which never grew, and offices were rented.[3]
3rd County Seat, 1858 Homer became county Seat in 1858. Marion’s log courthouse was dismantled so it could be moved to Homer. It was used until 1873 by a 2 story frame building. [3]
Homer’s name was changed to Angelina, which didn’t win any favors.[3]
4th County seat -Since the voters and residents disliked the name Angelina, the name was changed back to Homer

in 1862.[3]

5th County Seat -. The railroad bypassed Homer and its path was through LUFKIN[3]When The courthouse in Homer burned, Lufkin became county Seat.[3]
The picture at top of page was 1902/03 Court house in Lufkin. One image is a painting, by artist Audrey Midford, is hanging in the county clerk's office in the current courthouse.[3]
Currently there is a newer courthouse which has no beauty. Texas Escapes mentions that in the 1950's counties threw aside the dominance for design and opted for functionality. Gone was history, tradition and elegance and replaced some of our finest courthouses with modern buildings -- many of them with little character or appeal. In Lufkin for no reason the Angelina County Commissioners Court decided that its fifty-year old courthouse, resplendent with a dome and a clock, was inadequate to meet the county's needs. They raised funds with a bond election to fund a new courthouse, the courthouse of the present day. Description 2 story rectangular. No beauty. Alas

Geography

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hca03

Location - East Texas Timberlands region of NE Texas on U.S. Hwys 59 and 69 NE of Houston.
County Seat -Lufkin, largest town, is 96 miles NW of Beaumont and 120 miles NE of Houston
Latitude/Longitude - 31°20' north latitude and 94°43' west longitude.
Rivers/Creeks - Angelina River is on N,, drains the norhern and eastern parts. Neches River on S., drains Southern and western parts.
Reservoir - Sam Rayburn Reservoir on the Angelina River, and extends into Jasper, Sabine, Nacogdoches and San Augustine Counties (114,500 acres giving boating fishing, swimming, water storage for municipal, agricultural and industrial uses as well as flood control and electric power.,
Size: 807 sq. mi. of gently rolling terrain
Altitudes range from 200 to 380 feet above sea level
Minerals - sand and mud contains lignite and bentonite.
Soil (sand and mud, underlies rangeland and cropland and is exploited for mineral production.
North edge of the county (N of Lufkin Lufkin) is covered by thin to moderately thick clayey sands over steep slopes and rolling hills.
Trees of Piney woods -dense forest of pine and a great variety of hardwoods: longleaf, shortleaf, loblolly, and slash pines provide excellent timber. Hardwoods in Angelina County -- gum, magnolia, elm, hickory, and oak.
Prime farm land - 21-30% is good for farming
Mineral resources include natural gas and oil.
Temperatures high of 94° F in June to low of 39° in January.
Rainfall averages 42.99 inches per year.
Growing season extends for 244 days.

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hca03

Local Resources

  • Sam Rayburn Reservoir
  • Angelina National Forest (part)

Protected Areas

  • Sam Rayburn Reservoir
  • Angelina National Forest (part)

Demographics

The population variations of Angelina County were (36,032 in 1950), (39,814 in 1960), and (67,600 in 1986). Between 1970 and 1980 the rural population increased by 34 percent, while urban areas had a slightly lower growth rate. The largest ethnic group in the county is Anglo (62 percent), then Hispanic (20.8 percent), and then African Amercian (15.6 percent).[4]

In 2000 , there were 80,130 people residing in the county with a population density of 100 people/sq. mi.. per square mile (39/km²). There were 32,435 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.10% White, 14.72% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 7.77% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. 14.35% of the population were Hispanic. The median income for a household in the county was $33,806, and the median income for a family was $39,505. Males had a median income of $30,373 versus $20,221 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,876. About 12.40% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.90% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.[5]

  • In 1984 the county had 36,081 persons aged twenty-five and over; 22% had only an elementary education, 29 percent high school, and 8 percent college. In 1979 about 10 percent of Angelina County residents income was below the poverty level. [6]


Angelina - products- Timber and Agriculture. The county was rated as 21st in the state for its agriculture receipts in 1982 with 82% were livestock but farmers raised hay, rye, potatoes, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, watermelons, peaches, pecans. products. [7]

Angelina county has 117 churches with about 38,000 members.

  • Current production of minerals includes bentonite, clay, fire clay, and drilling mud.
  • In 1982 tourism generated 939 jobs and $7,529,000 in payrolls.

POLITICS:
Angelina County has generally been staunchly Democratic, although Republican presidential candidates won a majority of votes in the 1972, 1984, and 1988 elections, and Democrat Bill Clinton managed to win only by a narrow margin in the 1992 election. Republican senatorial candidates also fared well during this time. Nevertheless, as in most Texas counties, Democratic officials continued to maintain control of most county offices.[8]

John Nova Lomax of the Houston Press described the residents of Angelina County as "a self-sufficient breed, good with their hands, very honest and leery of all central authority." In 1861, Angelina County voted against seceding from the United States. It was the only East Texas county to do so. He said they were more liberal in their opinions, and with this continuing into the 20th Century. Angelina County was the seat of power of Charlie Wilson, a politician labeled the "liberal from Lufkin".

CRIME:

Other counties established moonshine stands and stills. Angelina was different: in the 1970s some criminals formed marijuana farms.

2011 the main drug dealing activity is the methamphetamine trade. Allen Hill, formerly of the Angelina County Narcotics Squad, said that the local meth trade is doing more damage to the county than drug couriers passing through the county, crack cocaine, and heroin. According to Hill, many Hispanic drug dealers increasingly sold imported "ice"-style meth made by drug cartels instead of crack cocaine or powdered cocaine, because they make more money than they did selling crack. Hill said that many of the drug dealers claim to be affiliated with Mexican drug cartels or gangs like MS-13.[9]
'.

Highways

  • U.S. Highway 59
  • I-69-Interstate 69 is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 59
  • U.S. Highway 69
  • Texas State Highway 7
  • Texas State Highway 63
  • Texas State Highway 94
  • Texas State Highway 103
  • Texas State Highway 147
  • Texas Farm to Market Road 1818

Cities

Unincorporated Towns

Historical Census

1850 --- 1,165 —
1860 --- 4,271 266.6%
1870 --- 3,985 −6.7%
1880 --- 5,239 31.5%
1890 --- 6,306 20.4%
1900 --- 13,481 113.8%
1910 --- 17,705 31.3%
1920 --- 22,287 25.9%
1930 --- 27,803 24.7%
1940 --- 32,201 15.8%
1950 --- 36,032 11.9%
1960 --- 39,814 10.5%
1970 --- 49,349 23.9%
1980 --- 64,172 30.0%
1990 --- 69,884 8.9%
2000 --- 80,130 14.7%
2010 --- 86,771 8.3%
Est. 2015 --- 88,255

Events/Festivals

  • Texas Forestry Museum, Lufkin
  • Lufkin Historical and Creative Arts Center,
  • Ellen Trout Zoo, all at Lufkin

Schools

Rockin Schoolhouse


  • There are 42 public schools in Angelina County, Texas, serving 17,663 students.

Colleges/Universities

Public Schools

  • Central ISD Angelina 1,583
  • Diboll ISD Angelina 1,889
  • Hudson ISD Angelina 2,782
  • Huntington ISD Angelina 1,700
  • Lufkin ISD Angelina 8,266
  • Pineywoods Community Academy Angelina 966
  • Zavalla ISD Angelina 420


  • Colmesneil Independent School District (partly)
  • Wells Independent School District (partly)


County Resources

  • Sam Rayburn Reservoir, on the Angelina River; the lake, which extends into Jasper, Sabine, Nacogdoches, and San Augustine counties, covers 114,500 acres and affords county residents good boating, fishing, and swimming, as well as water storage for municipal, agricultural, and industrial needs and for flood control and electric power
  • Flood Control
  • Electric power
  • Boating
  • Fishing
  • Swimming
  • water storage for municipal, agriculture, industrial needs
  • Headquarters of all four United States National Forests and two United States National Grasslands in Texas are located in Lufkin.
Angelina,
Davy Crockett
Sabine,
Sam Houston National Forests and the Caddo and Lyndon B. Johnson National Grasslands.

Cemeteries



Notables

Trent Ashby, member of the Texas House of Representatives from Lufkin
Brandon Belt, San Francisco Giants first baseman and 2012 World Series champion
Dez Bryant, former Oklahoma State University standout; current Dallas Cowboys wide receiver
Carrington Byndom – current Carolina Panthers cornerback
Medford Bryan Evans, college professor, author, conservative political activist, born in Lufkin in 1907
Corey Clark, American Idol contestant, famous for his alleged affair with Paula Abdul
Jermichael Finley, former Texas Longhorns football standout and Green Bay Packers tight end
William Delbert Gann, finance trader
Anthony Denman, American football player
Rex Hadnot, former Houston Cougars guard; current San Diego Chargers guard
Dante Hall Texas A&M, fKansas City Chiefs and St. Louis Rams
Max Hopper CIO and a founding father of IT-inspired competitive advantage
Ken Houston, Lufkin Dunbar grad , Houston Oilers and Washington Redskins; Pro Football Hall of Famer
Ray Jones, NFL player
Reagan Jones, founder and vocalist of electronica band Iris.
Terrence Kiel, former Texas A&M University and San Diego Chargers safety
Jorvorskie Lane, Texas A & M, Tampa Bay Buccaneer fullback, rushing
Abe Martin, college football coach
Jamarkus McFarland, University of Oklahoma football player
Reggie McNeal, former Texas A&M University quarterback and Cincinnati Bengals wide receiver
Allen R. Morris, Emmy Award-winning producer/director/writer; 1972 LHS graduate
Don Muhlbach, former Texas A&M U.niversity football player; current Detroit Lions
Tom Murphy, former Major League Baseball pitcher
Matt Purke, major league baseball player
Jim Reese, guitarist for The Bobby Fuller Four, buried in the Garden of Memories cemetery.
Joe Robb, former St. Louis Cardinals lineman
Ryan Rottman – actor
Pete Runnels, Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox and Houston Colt .45s infielder
Kimberly Saenz, convicted serial killer
Chris Seelbach, former Atlanta Braves pitcher
Jacoby Shepherd – former NFL cornerback
Allan Shivers, 37th Texas governor, 1949–1957
Buddy Temple, businessman and former politician
T.J. Turner – NFL defensive end
Charlie Wilson, U.S Representative best known for leading the CIA into a "covert war" in Afghanistan
J. Frank Wilson, lead vocalist
Land Grants
  • first deed on record, dated May 10, 1801, conveyed 5½ leagues of land to Vincente Micheli from Surdo, chief of the Bedias Indians, in exchange for a white shirt, eight brass bracelets, a handful of vermilion, a fathom of ribbon, a gun, and fifty charges of powder and ball.
  • Mexican government made land grants in 1834-35 to settlers from Alto and Nacogdoches.

Sources

http://www.txmoh.com/txmoh_recipients.html List of Texas Recipients

  1. http://www.texascounties.net/statistics/naming.htm
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 2.33 https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hca03
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 http://www.texasescapes.com/TOWNS/Lufkin/Lufkin-Texas-Angelina-County-Courthouse.htm#courthouses
  4. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hca03
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelina_County,_Texas
  6. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hca03
  7. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hca03
  8. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hca03
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelina_County,_Texas




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