Location: Argyll, Scotland
Surnames/tags: Argyll Scotland
- Coordinates:56.25, -5.25
- Google Maps
Argyll is on the western coast of Scotland. It is bounded on the north by Inverness-shire, on the east by the counties of Inverness, Perth, and Dumbarton, and on the south and west by the Firth of Clyde and the Atlantic Ocean.
It is about 115 miles in extreme length and about 50 or 60 miles in average breadth, comprising an area, including the various islands connected with it, of about 3800 square miles.
|Map of Kintyre
Kintyre is a peninsula in western Scotland, in the southwest of Argyll and Bute. The peninsula stretches about 30 miles (48 km), from the Mull of Kintyre in the south to East Loch Tarbert in the north.
The name derives from Old Gaelic airer Goídel (border region of the Gaels). It is the region of western Scotland normally thought to correspond to most of the ancient Kingdom of Dál Riata.
The history is noticed in the name and the name can also be translated as "Coast of [the] Gaels".
Woolf, in his work "The Age of the Sea-Kings" has suggested that the name Airer Goídel came to replace the name Dál Riata when the 9th-century Viking invasion divided Dal Riata from its traditional homeland. The mainland area, renamed Airer Goídel, would have contrasted with the offshore islands of Innse Gall, literally "islands of the foreigners." In either case it suggests the boundary between the traditional Picts of Alba and the invasive Dal Riata from Ireland.
|Nether Largie standing stones in Kilmartin Glen, Argyll
Kilmartin Glen has ancient stones from pre-historic times and is one of Scotland’s most important sites. Dunadd was the capitol of Ancient Kingdom of Dalriada. Legend has it that the Stone of Destiny was used here in the crowning of the first Kings of Scotland. 
During the 2nd Century C.E. Gaelic speaking migrants from Ireland came into what is now Argyllshire. In the third century Cairbre Riada (or King Fergus) occupied the area which included parts of Ireland.
Researchers found 12 per cent of men in Argyll and south Scotland carried the M222 chromosome, which is believed to have been brought over from Ireland from the fifth century, when Irish invaders crossed the North Channel. These men are believed by the researchers to be direct descendants of the first Irish High King – Niall Noigiallach. 
Dalriada, as it was known, was an independent kingdom until 843, when Kenneth MacAlpin united the Scots of Dalriada with the Picts of northeastern Scotland resulting in a new kingdom that eventually became Scotland.
|An illuminated page from the Book of Kells, which may have been produced at Iona around 800 AD
St. Colombia, established in Iona in 563 was a significant ecclesiastical center for Celtic Christianity. The eventual adoption of Roman Catholicism by Queen Margaret around 1070 ended the influence of the Celtic Church and of Argyll.
Scandinavian Influence in Argyll
Beginning in the 8th century Vikings began raiding Scotland coasts. In 802 the entire Iona community was murdered and plundered.
Later Vikings came and settled in the area. In 1098 Magnus Barefoot, King of Norway, was granted most of Kintyre by King Edgar.
|James Logan, R. R. MacIan (ill.) The Clans of The Scottish Highlands.
In the mid 12th century Somerled Lord of Argyll, who was of Scottish and Norwegian heritage led a successful revolt against Norway, creating an independent kingdom that included Kintrye. He was killed while invading Renfrew, Scotland. His kingdom was divided up among his sons, ostensibly returning the area to Norwegian rule, but he is credited with weakening Norway’s hold on the area.
Widespread DNA studies suggest that as many as 500,000 people living in Kintyre today are descended from Somerled.
In 1266 the Treaty of Perth returned Argyll to Scotland from Norway.
|Thomas Faed, The Last of the Clan (1865)
After the failure of the last Jacobite Rising in 1745, the Heritable Jurisdictions Act abolished regality, and inherited jurisdictions. One of the outcomes was that relationships between landlords and tenants became less about loyalty and more about profits and rents. There were mass evictions which led to large scale migration from the Highlands to the Lowlands and later to Canada, Australia, and the United States.
See Scottish Settlement in Argyle, Illinois for more about immigrants from Kintyre to Illinois in mid 19th century.
In 1889 counties were formally established in Scotland and Argyll was granted a county council. In 1975 a local government district called Argyll and Bute was formed in the Strathclyde region, including most of Argyll and the adjacent Isle of Bute.
|Tartan of Argyll
Inveraray Castle is the ancestral home of the Duke of Argyll, Chief of the Clan Campbell.
In the 15th century the chief of the clan was seated in Kintyre, and the clan was centred there until the 18th century, when a chief sold the family estate in preference to a lowland estate.
|Glenbarr Abbey, Kintyre, Scotland
Glenbarr Abbey on the Kintyre peninsula was placed into the ownership of Clan MacAlister through the Scottish National Trust in 1984 and is a MacAlister clan heritage centre
- Clan MacLaughlin or Lachlan
|Old Castle Lachlan
MacLaughlin was historically centred on the lands of Strathlachlan (Srath Lachainn "Valley of Lachlan") on Loch Fyne, Argyll.
|Duart Castle, Seat of Clan McLean
|Finlaggan Castle Ruins
Finlaggan was the seat of the Lords of the Isles and of Clan Donald.
- STUART of Bute
|Rothesay Castle was held by the Chiefs of Clan Stuart of Bute in the 15th century and during the Scottish Civil War of the 17th century.
- Gartnagrenach Graveyard
- Kilchenzie Cemetery
- Kilcolmkill Chapel Churchyard
- Kilkerran Cemetery
- Kilkivan Graveyard
- Killean Graveyard
- Kilmun Parish Church and Cemetery
- Kilnaughton Military Cemetery
- Saddell Abbey
|Scottish Thistle National Flower of Scotland
Parishes of Argyll
Scotland has been divided into parishes since early medieval times. The residents of each parish were obliged to pay a proportion of their produce or income (in Scotland called teinds) to support the Church.
As the government took over church roles such as education and poor relief parishes became civil parishes.
From 1845 to 1930, parishes formed part of the local government system of Scotland: having parochial boards from 1845 to 1894, and parish councils from 1894 until 1930.
Civil parishes are still used for some statistical purposes, and separate census figures are published for them.
- Colonsay and Oronsay
- Dunoon and Kilmun
- Gigah and Cara
- Glenorchy and Inishail
- Inverary & Glenaray
- Kilbrandon and Kilchattan
- Kilcalmonell and Kilberry
- Kilchrenan and Dalavich
- Kilfinichen and Kilvickeon
- Killarow and Kilmeny
- Killean and Kilchenzie
- Kilmore and Kilbride
- Kilninian and Kilmore
- Kilninver and Kilmelfort
- Lismore and Appin
- Lochgoilhead and Kilmorich
- North Knapdale
- Saddell and Skipness
- South Knapdale
|Lighthouse at Mull of Kintrye
Argyll One Name Studies
- Other Common Argyll Names:
- Anderson, Cuthbertson, Dunlop, Drain, Ferguson, Greenlees, Howie (or Huie), Johnston, Langwill, McCallum, McDonald, McEachran, McKay, McKerral, McMurchy, McNair, Ralston, Ryburn, Wallace
|Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Argyll War Memorials
|Kintrye World War I Memorial
|Killean and Kilchenzie War Memorial
|Campbeltown War Memorial
|Southend War Memorial
- Argyll County ScotlandsPeople
- Argyllshire, Scotland Genealogy FamilySearch
- Argyll family history research Ancestry.com
- Family History Genealogy Argyll Bute Council.
- Argyll Records
- Electric Scotland
- Archives National Library of Scotland
- Kintyre Cemetery Photos
- Maps National Library of Scotland
- Ralston, Grace. Saga of Our Kintyre Kin. Outskirts Press, 2013. Research on Ralston family but includes several other Kintyre families Harold Ralston has an Index.
|Emigrants Statue at Helmsdale Sutherland Scotland
- Emmigration and Passenger Lists National Library of Scotland
- Passenger Lists Passenger lists from immigrant ships from Scotland to the United States. Emphasis on immigrants from Argyll 1839-1850
- History of Scottish Migration
- Scots and Emigration 1800-1950
- Scotland Emigration and Immigration FamilySearch
- Scottish Emigration Scottish Geneology Society
- Highland Clearances Encylopedia Brittannica
- Argyll Wikipedia
- Argyll and the Isles Scotland.org
- Argyllshire Britannica
- List of Scottish Gaelic Names
- Kintyre Forum
- Clans of Argyll Map
- Scotland Places
- ↑ Kilmartin Glen Historic UK
- ↑ Vikings still running rampant in Scottish DNA Scotsman, May 23, 2015
- ↑ Somerled Undiscovered Scotland