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Arrow Air Flight 1285

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Gander, Newfoundlandmap
Surnames/tags: military military disasters
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Contents

Crash

On Thursday, December 12, 1985, a chartered DC-8 crashed shortly after takeoff from Gander, Newfoundland en route to Fort Campbell, Kentucky. The aircraft stalled, crashed, and burned about half a mile from the runway, killing all 248 passengers and 8 crew members aboard. The accident was investigated by the Canadian Aviation Safety Board (CASB), which determined the probable cause of the crash was the aircraft's unexpectedly high drag and reduced lift condition, most likely due to ice contamination on the wings' leading edges and upper surfaces, as well as underestimated onboard weight. The dissenting opinion of four memebers of the CASB stated the crash was possibly caused from "...a fire that broke out on board, possibly due to a detonation in the cargo compartment." [1]

The 248 passengers were all members of the United States military, mostly consisting of the 101st Airborne Division of the United States Army, specifically the 3d Battalion, 502d Infantry. They were returning from the Sinai Peninsula to Fort Campbell, Kentucky for the Christmas holiday via Cologne, Germany and Gander, Newfoundland after completing peacekeeping missions with the Multinational Force and Observers.[2]

Aftermath

This crash served as a pivot point for the US Army regarding the handling of medical records and deployed troops. Until this time, medical records on soldiers were sent with troops as they deployed and returned. As the records were on board during the disaster, identifying the bodies proved difficult as reliable dental and medical records were incinerated in the fire. Notifying next of kin and returning bodies home took weeks. This incident also solidified the need for the Army to ensure deploying soldiers had their final will in place before deploying. [3]

List of Passengers and Crew

List of Passengers and Crew on Arrow Air Flight 1285
Cockpit Crew
Rank First Name Last Name
CaptainJohn JosephGriffin
First OfficerJoseph "John" RobertConnelly
Flight EngineerArthur "Mike" MichaelFowler
Cabin Crew
Rank First Name Last Name
Flight Service ManagerMaiaMatasowski
Flight AttendantJean ESerafin
Flight AttendantDesireeMcKay
Flight AttendantRuthiePhillips
Flight AttendantStaceyCutler
Passengers
Rank First Name Last Name
PFCMark EdwardAbrams
PFCHerbert DAlexander
SSGSteven AllenAndreoff
SPCDanellAndrews
SP4Ivan RAponte
PVTStuart NArrowood
SPCRoger DArvin
1LTLuis AAvillan
SPCBobby LBanks
SPCDaniel MarkBarber
CPLEric JosephBaumann
PVTEdward MyronBeer
SPCWyatt DavidBenson
PFCSammy DaleBittle
CSMHasland OraBlack
PFCPaul JBostwick
SGTJohn PBowen
CW3RobertBowen
SPCJohn T, Jr.Bradley
SP4Steven JohnBradshaw
PFCDarwin PBrady
SGTCharles FBrancato
SPCTony LynnBrasfield
PVTWilliam RBrilya
SGTGeorge AndrewBritt
PFCJohnny LBrown
PVTGregory ABuchanan
SPCJames DBurdette
PFCDavid ABury
PVTTrevorCampbell
PFCGregory ThomasCarter
SGTMark ECarter
CPTTroy GCarter
PVTDennisCartwright
PVTPhillip RCaudill
PFCGarett RChaddock
SPCStephen RColby
PFCBobby LeeColeman
SGTMiguel ACordero
PFCOrlando Freeman, Jr.Council
PFCMichael EdwardCraig
PVTPaul MCrawford
SSGTFranciscoCruz-Salgado
CPLTroy RayCupples
SP4Walter Gene, Jr.Daniels
SP4Thomas EDanielson
SGTJames ADavis
SPCJimmy D, Jr.Davis
SSGThomas EDavis
PFCHerbert R, Jr.Deckman
CPLJoseph L, Jr.Deventura
SPCThomas DDixon
SSGJames FrederickDuckworth
SGTBrian LDumpert
SGTBrian E Easley
CPTMichael CEastman
CPTKyle LeeEdmonds
SGTChristopher WilliamEnglebert
SGTJames AFerguson
SPCMark WFerguson
PVTKevin FFink
SPCDavidFitch
CPLThomas JFoskey
CPLPaul KFuller
SGTKevin AGantzer
SPCAnthony LGayton
PFCScott WGerdes
SGTGary LGivens
SFCDavid LGodsey
SPCMichael JGonzalez
PFCRobertoGonzalez
PVTJoseph WGoree
SPCKelly OGraham
SPCThomas LGraham
SSGDouglas FGrala
SP4Christopher ThomasGray
PFCRichardoGuerra
CPTBrian DHaller
PFCWilliam W, IIIHansen
PVTChester DonelHardeman
CW3Benny JHardin
PFCBrian DHarris
2LTRobert BHart
PVTMark SHassing
SPCReginald VanHaugsdahl
PVTDavid WHeidecker
SGTPaul CHemingway
PVTJoe W IIHighfill
PFCThomas THileman
SPCDonald EHobbs
PFCKevin SHobbs
SGTJerry WHolliman
SPCRobert SHoyer
SPCCharles WHughes
SGTFrank JHughes
PFCJeffrey DeanHull
CPLHerbert GIvy
PVTAdrian DJackson
LTCMarvin Alvis, Jr.Jeffcoat
SGTDonnie KJennings
SPCTodd MJennings
PVTJerrin AJohnson
SGTRavon LJohnson
SGTJoseph AJones
PVTDavid AJordan
SPCRobert SKaplin
SGTIbrahimKaradsheh
SGTJeffrey ScottKee
SGTTimothy LKidd
PFCJerry JKing
CPTRobert MiltonKing
SGTThomas JKirby
PFCBruce EKiser
1LTJohn K, Sr. Kosh
SGTMark RKubic
SPCJohn MKuehn
SPCRandall ALane
MAJMichael RLawrence
SGTDonald GLineberry
PFCWilliam MLloyd
1LTPaul DLong
SPCDavid CLundgren
SP4Benjamin RogersLynch
SGTPaul AaronMcArdle
1LTJoeyMcCarty
SPCChristine MMcCleery
1SGRobert FMcCook
2LTJ ScottMcCormick
SPCCalvinMcWhite
SSGJerry WMalone
CPTEdward JManion
PVTThomas L, Jr.Martin
PFCDonald LeeMathis
SGTRonald CMayhew
CW2Dirk AMiller
SGTLarry GMiller
SSGRichard DeanMiller
SPCTimothy EMiller
SSGJohn MortonMillett
SGTJames AMollet
SGTSamuel T, Jr.Moore
PFCLindaleMorgan
SPCSteven WMullins
SSGMichael WadeMurray
SGTMichael AndrewNapier
SFCJoseph ANartia
SFCDonald CNelson
PVTKenneth JNelson
SSGSteven RNelson
SGTRichard SNichols
PFCMichael TNolan
SGTFrancisco, Jr.Ocasio
PFCRobert LOlson
PVTGregory AOwens
SPCGary WPadgett
PFCTheodore LPafford
SGTJeffrey RPalmisano
CPTRudyParris
SGTThomas FParsons
PVTVickie SPerry
SPCTerry RPevey
PVTAlvinPhillips
SGTJames D, Jr.Phillips
1LTBarry C Powell
SPCRaimo KPuntanen
SPCMichael RRahr
CAPTTerry LRains
PFCDavid L, Jr.Rawls
PFCPatrick SReasbeck
PVTMelvin W, Jr.Reed
SSGJessey TReynolds
PFCGregory WRichardson
PFCRichard DRimiller
SPCBobby ERoberts
SSGWilbur "Buddy" Grant, Jr.Roberts
SGTVergil L, Jr.Robertson
SGTThomas E, Jr.Robinson
PFCRonald CRussell
SPCRay ARuth
CSPCRicky ASchmoyer
SGTPeter ESchremp
PFCKeith MSchultz
SPCGary LScott
SP4Blanchard ThomasSearcy
SSGRonald WSears
PFCFrederic CSeitz
SSGTimothy DSellner
PVTErnest WSerna
SPCMichael DShipley
PFCJames EShook
PFCRobert DSchultz
SPCCarl NSimmons
SPCGeorge HSimmons
SGTEarlSingleton
SPCMatthew SSloan
PVTClinton DSmith
SFCRex VSmith
SPCScott JSmith
PFCThomas ESmith
PVTMarkSpearman
SPCJames MSpears
SPCMichael SStack
PFCDavid CStaten
PFCAlexander WStearn
SPCDaneStephens
2LTKip LStevens
SGTRandy SStewart
CW2Earl CStone
PFCGary L, Jr.Straub
SPCRichardStringer
PVTScott AStritch
SGTRandall KThomas
SPCRobert FThomas
SGTDanny CThompson
SPCScott BThompson
SGTChristopher GThornton
SGTTheodoreTravis
PVTThomas NTucker
SSGVincent LTurner
PFCSteven CVenneri
PFCWayneVinson
SPCGregoryWalker
SPCGuy WalkerWalker
PFCBrian EWallace
PFCMark EWallace
SFCAbrahamWard
MSGThomas EdwardWest
PFCJohn CWester
SPCFrank C, Jr.Wheeler
SSGEmery S, IIIWhite
SPCMichael LWhiteman
SSGDarnellWilburn
PVTFranklin RWilkins
SPCRodger LWilson
SSGJames AWinston
SPCJames HWilliamson
SGTRichard NWillingham
SPCTheodore MWisson
1LTJohn BWitmer
SSGKevin MichaelWitt
SGTRobert Neil, IIWolford
SSGLawrence AllenWood
SSGWilliam LeonardWooliver
SGTVirginia "Jenny" RuthWord
CPLJohn RichardWright
CPLRobert, Jr.Wyn
SP4Cary ToddYeargan
SP4Cathleen MZiegler

Sources

  1. Aviation Occurrence Report 85-H50902
  2. Arrow Air Flight 1285
  3. Vowell, M. Fatal Gander Crash
  • "Aviation Occurrence Report 85-H50902", Arrow Air Inc. Douglas DC-8-63 N950JW, Gander International Airport, Newfoundland, 12 December 1985" (PDF). Canadian Aviation Safety
  • Vowell, Michele. "Fatal Gander Crash: 1985 tragedy impacts Fort Campbell, Army-wide procedures to present day," Fort Cambell Courier (Fort Campbell, KY). August 9, 2012. Accessed September 6, 2018. Online Archive
  • Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • "Victims of the Airline Crash in Newfoundland," The New York Times (New York, NY), p. 4. December 14, 1985. Accessed September 6, 2018. Online Archive

See Also:

  • "Airline Confirms Jet had Problems Before Crash." The New York Times (New York City, NY), p. 21. December 15, 1985. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • "Soldiers on Chartered Jet that Crashed at Gander." The New York Times (New York City, NY), p. 22. December 15, 1985. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • "Travel By Air Brought Prosperity to Gander." The New York Times (New York City, NY), p. 22. December 15, 1985. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • "U.S. Autopsies Set for Crash Victims." The New York Times (New York City, NY), p. 23 December 15, 1985. Online Archive.
  • "A Homecoming Turns Into Tragedy." The New York Times (New York City, NY), p. 178. December 15, 1985. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • Zambrano, Mark, and Lisa L. Frazier. "In Illinois, Services Held for 8 Soldiers." Chicago Tribune (Chicago, IL), December 16, 1985. Accessed June 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • Holusha, John. "Town Gathers In Mourning Soldiers Lost in Plane Crash" The New York Times (New York City, NY). p. 38, December 16, 1985 Online Archive.
  • Clines, Francis X, "'Love is Never Lost,' Reagan Tells Crash Victims' Grieving Families." The New York Times (New York City, NY). pp 1, 36. December 17, 1985. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • Witkin, Richard, "Engine Reversal A Theory in Crash." The New York Times (New York City, NY). Pp 1, 36 December 17, 1985. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • Barron, James, "Thousands Pay Tribute To Soldiers Killed in Jet." New York Times (New York City, NY), p. 8, December 21, 1985. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • Witkin, Richard, "Plane in Gander Crash Was in 3 Earlier Incidents." The New York Times (New York City, NY). p. 8. December 21, 1985. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • Martin, Douglas, "Force of Jetliner Crash at Gander Complicates Investigators’ Work." The New York Times (New York City, NY), p. 38. December 16, 1985. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • "Another Body Found At Gander Crash Site." The New York Times (New York City, NY), p. 4. January 18, 1986. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • "Error on Arrow Jet’s Weight." The New York Times (New York City, NY), p. 2. February 15, 1986. Accessed August 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • McClure, Maria Rice. "Journey of Healing: Anniversary of Tragedy Brings Soldiers, Families Solace." U.S. Army. December 17, 2015. Accessed June 04, 2019. Online Archive.
  • Busch, Fritz, "Gander air disaster nears 32nd anniversary: Newfoundland plane crash fatalities include Sleepy Eye soldier" The Journal (New Ulm, Minnesota), Online. December 10, 2017. Accessed September 16, 2019. Online Archive

Notes

  1. Many of the servicemember's ranks are reported inconsistently. I have chosen to use the rank listed on the headstone as a standard, if available.
  2. This is an ongoing project to add and connect, as far as possible, the above service members. Please feel free to add, edit, and help out. Current completion: 4/8 Crew (50.00%), 40/248 Servicemembers (16.12%), 44/256 (17.18%).





Collaboration

On 6 Jul 2019 at 07:59 GMT Gaye (Colson) Cairns wrote:

Excellent work Patricia!



Categories: Arrow Air Flight 1285