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Augusta County, Virginia Colony, Pioneers

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The following information is from (unless otherwise referenced/footnoted):

Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia

Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800

by Lyman Chalkley

Complete in Three Volumes

VOLUME I.

Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore 1974

Originally Published Mary S. Lockwood 1912 [1] [2]

Contents

Augusta County Religion

"All here are Irish - all are Presbyterians"

A young Presbyterian minister sent to supply vacant pulpits in the Shenandoah Valley wrote of the people in Augusta County "All here are Irish – all are Presbyterians." This was true of other early settlements in the Valley.[3]


Andrew Lockhart

AUGUST 19, 1767

  • (220) Hugh Allen appointed surveyor of highway from James Given's Mill, by his house, to Stone Meeting House, and the following to work the road: Saml. Hinds, Robt. Stevenson, Wm. Kerr, John Stewart, John Campbell, James Allen, John Anderson, Hugh Allen, William McClure, James Allen, Saml. Bell, Andrew Lockhart, John Burnside, Saml. McKee, James Searight, Thos. Storey.

Charles Lockhart

MARCH, 1765 (A).

  • Micajah Norman [No other mention of this Norman in this publication], of Amherst, vs. Charles Lockhart.--Note, 23d September, 1763.

Jacob Lockhart

1749-1750

  • John Trotter's petition vs. Capt. Daniel McAnaire, 4th Tuesday in

February, 1749-50. Certificate that John is a very poor man, but had lived honest some years in our neighborhood for what we know. Patrick Martin, John Trimble, Jacob Lockhart, Andrew Pickens, Alexander Crawford.

NOVEMBER 21, 1752. (410) Maurice O'Frield, John Trimble, Wm. McFeeters, Wm. Martain, James Young, Jacob Lockart, James Vance, Patrick Martin, Wm. McClintock, Rob. Young, Thos. Piery, John Campbell, James Peary, Robert Davis, James Philips, John Spear, John McMurry, Alexr. McMurry, David Stuard, Hugh Young, John Jameson, Rob. McClellon and John Brown--to work the road under Saml. Wallace from top of North Mountain to this Co. Ho. [Co. Ho. = Court House]


MARCH 21, 1753.

  • (414) John Buchanan, James Clark, Jacob Lockhart, Thomas Kirkpatrick, John Berry, John Bartley, Wm. Martin, Josias Richards, William McFeeters, John Jameson, James Young, Hugh Young, Robert Young, William McClintock, Wm. Ledgerwood, John Trimble, Maurice O'Frield, Samuel Wallace, Robert Davis, Robert McClenon, James Moody, James Philips, Wm. Akry, Cornelius Donaho, George Peary, Adam Thompson, Thomas Peary, John Campbell, James Peary, Wm. McNab, Robert Scot, Thomas Reed, Abraham Masha, Thomas Dunn, Francis Dunn, Major Scot, John Bigham, John Black, Samuel Downing, Alexr. McFeeters, Andrew Cowan, James McCorkle, John Vance, James Gilmore and Patrick Martin--to keep road formerly laid off from James Young's Mill to said Buchanan's Mill.

MAY, 1753.

  • Road established from Brown's bridge to the Glebe land,

and Robert Campbell and John Trimble be surveyors, and with James Lusk, they clear and keep the same in order. We do appoint Robert Campbell and John Trimble overseers from John Brown's bridge to the Gleve House and the undernamed persons to clear the same: James Lusk, Robert Roberson, Samuel McCuchen, William Hunter, James Hunter, Robert Campbell's man, Mathew Wilson, William Wilson, John Wilson, Jr., John McCleery, James McCleery, Thomas Kirkpatrick and son, John Peevy, James Clarck, John Clarck, James Clark, Jr., Jacob Lockhart, James Lockhart, John Birtly, Josias Richards, William Marten, George Berry, William McFeeters, John McFeeters, William McFeeters, Jr., John Jameson, Patrick Marten, Joseph Marten, William Ward, Moses O'Freel and his man, Robert Philips, Robert Davis, Thomas Reed, Robert Scott, John Vance, Andrew Foster, William Bell, Alexander McKiney, John Speer, Abraham Mathan (Mashaw), Robert Young, John Young, Samuel Young, Hugh Young and his man, John Campbell, George Peevy, Robert McClenan, William Eackry, James Bell, Andrew Steel and his man, John McKiney, Patrick McCloskey, John McSlenan, John McCuchan, Samuel McCuchan, William McClintock, Thomas Peevy, James McCuchen, Duncken McFarlen.

1753-1754

1753-1754, Pt. 1.


To the Worshipful Court of Augusta now sitting: We, the inhabitants of this County, have long felt the smart of the great indulgence the ordinary keepers of this County have met with in allowing them to sell such large quantities of rum and wine at an extravagant rate, by which our money is drained out of the County, for which we have no return but a fresh supply to pick our pockets. We, your petitioners, humbly pray your worship to put a stop to the said liquors, which would encourage us to pursue our laborious designs, which is to raise sufficient quantities of grain which would suffciently supply us with liquors and the money circulate in this County to the advantage of us, the same. We hope that your worships will discover to us that you have a real regard for the good of the County, and lay us under an obligation to pray for your prosperity.

Robert Stevenson, James Hamilton, Alexander Walker, James Robertson, James Stevenson, John Christian, Alexander Blair, Thomas Shiels, Robert Christian, Thomas Stewart, James Allen, Joseph Hanna, Francis Beaty, Mathew Lyle, Archibald Reah, John Walker (?), Samuel Downey, Daniel McAnair (McEvear), Robert Spears (Syers), Daniel Danison, Robert Moffet, Alexander Henderson, Andrew Hamilton, John Finley, Thomas Beard, Archibald Armstrong, William Mackan, James Campbell, John Vance, John Archer, James Reburn, Alexander Gibson, William Lewis, George Scott, Joseph Bell, James Coyl, William Logen, Samuel McCune, John Caruth, Patrick Hays, Robert Sayers, Andrew McCombe, James Montgomery, James Scott, George Crawford, John Allen, Edward Spear, James Brown, John King, John Anderson, William Logan, Patrick Campbell, Jacob Lockhart, Sam Wallace, James Knox, John Carlile, Charles Campbell, Mathew Harper, John Jackson, James Miller, John Hutcheson, William Palmer, Samuel Love, James Miller, John Henderson, Zachariah Bell (Belche), Andrew Ewin, John Thompson, Loftus Pullin, James Gay, Alexander Craig, Thomas Teat, William Wallace, John Wilson, Alexander Ritchey, James McGee. John Thompson, Samuel Calhoon, John Trimble, Alexander Thompson, William Snodon, Newman McGonigle, John Trimble, Archibald Allison, John Brown, William Thomson.

  • Petitioners ask that the following be assigned to work the road from

James Young's mill to John Buchanan's mill: John Buchanan, James Clark's tithables, Jacob Lockhart's tithables, Thomas Kirkpatrick's tithables, John Bertly, George Bertly, William Martin, Josias Richards, William McFetters' tithables, John Jameson, James Young, Hugh Young, Robert Young's tithables, William McClintog, William Ledgerwood, John Trimble, Moses A'Friel's tithables, Samuel Wallis, Robert Davis, Robert McClenan's tithables, James Moody's tithables, James Philips, William Eckrey, Corneles Donahow, Alexander Ritchey, to be overseer; Adam Thomson, to be overseer; George Peevy, Adam Thomson's tithables, Thomas Peevy, William McNabe, Robert Scoat, Thomas Reed, Abraham Masha, Francis Dune, Mager Scoat, John Bingham's tithables, John Black's tithables, Samuel Downey, Alexander McFetters, Andrew Cowen, James McCorkell, John Vance, James Gilmor, Alexander Ritchie's tithables, Patrick Martin's tithables.

MAY 19, 1767

  • (64) Jacob Lockhart qualifies admr. of his brother, Charles Lockhart.

MARCH 18, 1768.

  • (521) Commission ordered to privily examine Elizabeth, wife of George Wilson, to deed to Charles Donnelly.
  • (521) Witness: Margaret Patton.
  • (522) Witness: Wm. Cowdon.
  • (522) Jurors: James Turk, James Callison, Saml. McClure, Saml. Lawrence, James Beats, Wm. McCutcheon, Francis Stuart, Wm. Moore, James McCain, Wm. Craddock, Wm. Christian, Jacob Lockhart, Nicholas Leahorn, Jr.

AUGUST, 1772 (A ?).

  • John Stewart vs. Jacob Lockhart's Executors.--Petition, 1769. Account

for tailoring in 1765.

James Lockhart

NOTE: Dates 1759...perhaps two James Lockhart's as one claims old age, and the year before one is appointed Captain of Militia.

NOTE: 1753 James indicated as Sheriff of Augusta County in court record. OCTOBER 16 1753

NOTE: May 1767 suit indicates a James is not inhabitant of the county.

JUNE 18, 1746.

  • (48) James and John McCune, on testimony of John Risk and James Lockhart, committed for having spoken treasonable words.

NOVEMBER 18, 1747.

  • (319) Ro. Ramsey and David Mitchell to mark a road from Timber Grove to where the church is to be built, and that James Lockhart and Wm. Ledgerwood lay off and mark a way thence to the Co. Ho.

JUNE 11, 1751--AUGUST 27, 1751.

  • (176) This book begins August 1749, but there are no orders but those of suits and actions until August 27, 1751, when a new Court was organized under a commission from the Hon. Lewis Burwell, President of Virginia, dated 11th June, 1751, directed to James Patton, Peter Scholl,* Robert Cunningham, Wm. Jameson, David Stuart,* John Lynn,* Erwin Patterson,* Thos. English, Benj. Borden,* Joseph Kenady, John Denton, Wm. Christian, Robert Breckinridge, John Lewis,* Silas Hart, Andw. Lewis,* James Rutledge, Alexr. Wright, Ro. McClenahan,* Robert Campbell, John Wilson, Richd. Burton, Patr. Martin, James Lockhart, John Mills, Ro. Ramsey, Richd. Woods, John Anderson, John Ruddle, Thos. Stuart, John Lyle, John Buchanan [See OCTOBER 16 1753], Thomas Lewis, Archd. Alexander, John Mathews, Adam Dickenson, Mathias Seltzer, Wm. Harbeson. (Those marked (*) qualified.)

AUGUST 28, 1751.

  • (181) James Lockhart reports that Wm. Williams is about to remove to Carolina and take with him Mary Lundey, orphan of Thomas Lundey; order to bind Mary out.

AUGUST 29, 1751.

  • (196) James Lockhart qualified Justice.

NOVEMBER 17, 1752.

  • (371) Motion of James Lockhart, Exr. Patrick Cook. Jane, relict of Patrick, has since intermarried with Andrew Steel, and is about to remove from the plantation and leave it waste.

NOVEMBER 21, 1752.

  • (411) James Lockhart qualified Capn. of Foot; Saml. Stalnaker qualified Capn. of Foot.

MAY 20, 1752.

  • (242) New commission to: James Patton, Thos. Lewis, Wm. Jameson,* James Lockhart,* Benj. Borden,* John Lewis,* Robt. Cunningham,* Andrew Lewis, Erwin Patterson, Richd. Woods, Peter Sholl, John Wilson, David Stewart, Ro. McClenachan,* John Mathews.* (Those marked (*) qualified.


MAY 16 1753

  • May, 1753. Road established from Brown's bridge to the Glebe land,

and Robert Campbell and John Trimble be surveyors, and with James Lusk, they clear and keep the same in order. We do appoint Robert Campbell and John Trimble overseers from John Brown's bridge to the Gleve House and the undernamed persons to clear the same: James Lusk, Robert Roberson, Samuel McCuchen, William Hunter, James Hunter, Robert Campbell's man, Mathew Wilson, William Wilson, John Wilson, Jr., John McCleery, James McCleery, Thomas Kirkpatrick and son, John Peevy, James Clarck, John Clarck, James Clark, Jr., Jacob Lockhart, James Lockhart, John Birtly, Josias Richards, William Marten, George Berry, William McFeeters, John McFeeters, William McFeeters, Jr., John Jameson, Patrick Marten, Joseph Marten, William Ward, Moses O'Freel and his man, Robert Philips, Robert Davis, Thomas Reed, Robert Scott, John Vance, Andrew Foster, William Bell, Alexander McKiney, John Speer, Abraham Mathan (Mashaw), Robert Young, John Young, Samuel Young, Hugh Young and his man, John Campbell, George Peevy, Robert McClenan, William Eackry, James Bell, Andrew Steel and his man, John McKiney, Patrick McCloskey, John McSlenan, John McCuchan, Samuel McCuchan, William McClintock, Thomas Peevy, James McCuchen, Duncken McFarlen.

AUGUST 17, 1753

  • (1) New Commission of Justices dated 16 June 1753: James Patton,* Peter Scholl,* David Stewart, Richard Woods,* Robert Breckinridge, James Simpson,* John Buchanan [See OCTOBER 16 1753] ,* Silas Hart, James Lockhart,* John Mathews, William Wilson, George Robinson,* Andrew Lewis, Robert McClenachan,* Christopher Guest, William Bethell.* (Those marked (*) qualified.) (2) James Grymes, orphan to be bound to Peter Scholl.

OCTOBER 16 1753

  • William [Buchanan] of Milk Creek Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware appoints Col.Andrew Lewis, Capt James Lockhart and Samuel Young as executors of his estate, Oct 16 1753.
  • March 24 1755 of John Culbert of County Donnegal, Ireland gave power of attorney to his friend Andrew Erwin to sue for debts "especially from James Lockhart, current money Pennsylvania", executor of William Buchnan. James was the sheriff in Augusta County, and Col. Lewis was also of Augusta.[4] NOTE: There was some question as to why a William Buchanan of Delaware would appoint Lewis, Lockhart and Young of Virginia as executors, relationship found: John, James, and William contemporaries of Lockhart, Lewis and Young in Augusta county, 1750s. Augusta County, CRIMINAL PROSECUTION PRIOR TO 1795. 1768.Peter Martin's warrant to arrest Benjamin Kimsey as a common liar and disturber of peace. On complaint of James Bockhannon, David Hase, Arsbald Reah, William Bochannon [Buchanan]. Recognizee, with Robert Risk and John Bell. James, William and
  • John Culbert, of County Donegal, Ireland, to Andrew Erwin.--Power of

Attorney to collect from James Lockhart, executor of William Buchanan.

1754 Trial or record of MARCH, 1771 (B).

  • John Stewart vs. James Lockhart.--1754. Amount of George Brown's

account.

MARCH 1754

  • Kinkead vs. Lockridge.--William Kinkead, an infant under the age of 21 years, son and heir-at-law of Thomas Kinkead, late of County of Augusta, by James Lockhart, his next friend. Bill filed May, 1753. Thomas Kinkead, in 1747, removed from the Province of Pennsylvania with orator and Thomas's family. On 19th November, 1747, Thomas bought 263 acres joining John Preston, Robert Lockridge, Robert Gwin, in Augusta County. Thomas died in 1750 intestate, leaving a widow and ____ children, of whom orator is eldest. Bond of James Lockridge, of Augusta County, with Thomas Kinkead of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, dated 19th November, 1747.

MARCH 24 1755

  • William [Buchanan] of Milk Creek Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware appoints Col.Andrew Lewis, Capt James Lockhart and Samuel Young as executors of his estate, Oct 16 1753. March 24 1755 of John Culbert of County Donnegal, Ireland gave power of attorney to his friend Andrew Erwin to sue for debts "especially from James Lockhart, current money Pennsylvania", executor of William Buchnan. James was the sheriff in Augusta County, and Col. Lewis was also of Augusta.[5]

NOVEMBER 18, 1758.

  • (233) James Lockhart, Robert Breckinridge, Abraham Smith, and James Alexander, qualified Captains of Militia. Sampson Archer, qualified Lieut. Militia.

NOVEMBER 2, 1759.

  • (312) Court of Claims, &c.
  • (312) Lieutenant John Hopkins, for ranging. William Christian, for ranging and provisions for his Company. James Bell, for a horse impressed. John Henderson, for ranging. Saml. McDowell, for ranging.
  • (313) Daniel Higins, for going express by order of Col. Smith to Captain Lockhart.

AUGUST 20, 1760.

  • (392) James Lockhart pleaded his advanced age and infirmities against qualifying Justice.

1761

  • Grand Jury presentment, 1761: John Moore, Benden's Land, for absenting himself from public worship; information of James Lockhart. George Lewis, for driving his wagon on Sabbath. Date of court record: JUNE, 1764 (A).

MAY 19, 1761.

  • (5) James Hughes (with James Lockhart, security), ordinary license.[Ordinary: aka Tavern]

FEBRUARY 23, 1762.

  • (171) Minute says 1761, but must be 1762.
  • (173) James Mitchell vs. James Lockhart and Sampson Mathews--Agreed case submitted, viz: Joseph Love made power of attorney to his wife Margaret, 22 Dec., 1752. Margaret executed mortgage to plaintiff, 1753, of a slave. The debt was paid, except £15, 10. Defendants seized the slave upon attachment, but he made his escape. Plaintiff had seized the slave to satisfy the £15, 10. Slave died in hands of James and Sampson.


JUNE 21, 1763.

  • (113) New Commission--John Chiswell, John Buchanan [See OCTOBER 16 1753], John Wilson, Silas Hart, Andrew Lewis, James Lockhart, Richard Woods, Robert Breckinridge, Patrick Martin, Wm. Preston, Alexr. Sayers, John Bowyer, John Dickenson, John Christian, Francis Tyler, Daniel Smith, John Archer, James Buchanan [See OCTOBER 16 1753], Archd. Alexander, Israel Christian, Mathew Patton, John Maxwell, John Poage, James Lockridge, Felix Gilbert, Abraham Smith, James Trimble, Charles Lewis, Samuel McDowell, George Moffett, Benj. Hawkins, Francis Kirtley, Andrew Bird--dated 16 April, 1763.

MARCH 23, 1764.

  • (412) James Lockhart complains that Wm. Foster has abused him in execution of his office.

JUNE 19 1764

  • Grand Jury presentment, 1761: John Moore, Benden's Land, for absenting himself from public worship; information of [from] James Lockhart. George Lewis, for [John Moore] driving his wagon on Sabbath. Date of court record: JUNE, 1764 (A).
  • (499) Wm. Foster bound to peace towards James Lockhart.

MARCH, 1765 (A).

  • Long vs. Huston.--Augusta County. This day came before me, James

Lockhart, one of his Majestie's Justices for said County, Captain John Blagg, and made oath that in the year 1761, after Colonel Byrd had discharged James Huston, Armourer, there came up instructions from the General for the Commanding Officer to proceed to the Great Island, on which the said Blagg sent orders for the said James Huston to remain there till further orders and his wagon and tools were detained eight days. And as to the difference of currency he knows the said Huston was not paid Virginia currency, but was paid after rate of Pennsylvania money for him and his men. Likewise he understood that the said Huston did not receive pay for the said eight days. John Blagg. Certified by me, James Lockhart.

AUGUST 21, 1766.

  • (224) John Graham committed to the stocks for one-half hour for contempt and bound to peace towards James Lockhart.
  • (226) Ordered that Gabriel Jones prosecute John Graham on the recognizance this day entered into.

MAY 6 1767.

  • John Stewart vs. James Lockhart.--Writ 6th May, 1767. May Court

dismissed unless security for costs. [Note original filing this date, heard March 1771] [NOTE: See May 6, 25,1767, March 1771, May 1771,May 1773, for related cases]

MAY 25, 1767.

  • (179) John Stewart vs. James Lockhart.--Plaintiff not an inhabitant of this Colony. NOTE: Records indicate that the elder James Lockhart died in 1767. [NOTE: See May 6, 25,1767, March 1771, May 1771,May 1773, for related cases]

AUGUST 24, 1767.

  • (334) James Lockhart committed for debtor's prison.

JUNE 29 1769

Trial MAY, 1773 (B).
  • John Anderson vs. S. Mathews, Mathew and James Lockhart.--Chancery

writ, 29th June, 1769. [NOTE: See May 6, 25,1767, March 1771, May 1771,May 1773, for related cases]

James Lockhart was Sampson Mathews's father-in-law, in 1765.
Orator became joint security with Mathews on bond of James Lockhart and Randall Lockhart for collection of public levy in 1765; sometime after securities asked G. Jones and P. Hog to liquidate the account of the Lockharts, when a considerable defalcation [See definition under terms] was found.
Patrick Lockhart was son to James. James Allen was son-in-law of John Anderson. Robert Bratton, aged 60 years, 20th May, 1772. Silas Hart, aged 50 years and upwards, 20th May, 1772.
Randall Lockhart was son to James. William Crow, aged 30 years and upwards, 22d August, 1772.

James Allen's deposition taken in Botetourt, 1771.

Hugh Allen was James's [Allen] brother.


1771 Botetourt County, Virginia

Orator became joint security with Mathews on bond of James Lockhart and Randall Lockhart for collection of public levy in 1765; sometime after securities asked G. Jones and P. Hog to liquidate the account of the Lockharts, when a considerable defalcation [See definition under terms] was found.

Following believed to be witnesses:

Patrick Lockhart was son to James.
James Allen was son-in-law of John Anderson.
Robert Bratton, aged 60 years, 20th May, 1772.
Silas Hart, aged 50 years and upwards, 20th May, 1772.
Randall Lockhart was son to James. William Crow, aged 30 years and upwards, 22d August, 1772.

James Allen's deposition taken in Botetourt, 1771.

Hugh Allen was James's [Allen] brother.

MARCH, 1771 (B).

  • John Stewart vs. James Lockhart.--1754. Amount of George Brown's

account. [See March 1771 (C)] MARCH, 1771 (C).

  • John Stewart vs. James Lockhart.--Writ 6th May, 1767. May Court

dismissed unless security for costs. [Original writ 6 May 1767] [NOTE: See May 6, 25,1767, March 1771, May 1771,May 1773, for related cases]

MAY 1771

  • John Stewart vs. Sampson Mathews.--Chancery,
Sampson Mathews is brother-in-law to Randal Lockhart. [NOTE: See May 6, 25,1767, March 1771, May 1771,May 1773, for related cases]


MARCH 16, 1773.

  • (1) New commission--Justices, viz: Silas Hart, John Dickinson, Daniel Smith, John Poage,* Abraham Smith,* George Moffett, Alexr. McClenachan,* Mathew Harrison, George Mathews,* Alexr. Robertson,* John Hays, James Craig,* John Frogg,* William Tees, James Lockhart, John Christian, Archibald Alexander,* Felix Gilbert, Samuel McDowell, Sampson Mathews, William Bowyer,* John McClenachan,* Michael Bowyer,* John Gratton, Thos. Hugart,* Elijah McClenachan,* Josiah Davidson, John Skidmore.--Dated November 6, 1772.

MAY, 1773 (B).

  • John Anderson vs. S. Mathews, Mathew and James Lockhart.--Chancery

writ, 29th June, 1769. [NOTE: See May 6, 25,1767, March 1771, May 1771,May 1773, for related cases]

James Lockhart was Sampson Mathews's father-in-law, in 1765.
Orator became joint security with Mathews on bond of James Lockhart and Randall Lockhart for collection of public levy in 1765; sometime after securities asked G. Jones and P. Hog to liquidate the account of the Lockharts, when a considerable defalcation [See definition under terms] was found.

Following believed to be witnesses:

Patrick Lockhart was son to James.
James Allen was son-in-law of John Anderson.
Robert Bratton, aged 60 years, 20th May, 1772.
Silas Hart, aged 50 years and upwards, 20th May, 1772.
Randall Lockhart was son to James. William Crow, aged 30 years and upwards, 22d August, 1772.

James Allen's deposition taken in Botetourt, 1771.

Hugh Allen was James's [Allen] brother.

MAY 22, 1773.

  • (129) Sampson Mathews being summoned to show cause why he does not qualify justice, says he and Michael Bowyer are on bad terms because Sampson recommended that Michael be dismissed as Sheriff--yet Michael seems to be very officious in causes in which Sampson is interested, and he will not sit on a Court of Justice with such a man. Sampson has removed to Richmond?
  • (129) John Hays has removed out of the County.
  • (129) James Lockhartrefused on account of age and infirmity.
  • (130) John Clark--witness from Botetourt.

MARCH 15, 1774.

  • (302) New Commission of Justices, viz: Silas Hart, John Dickison, Danl. Smith, John Poage, Abram Smith, George Moffett,* James Lockhart, John Christian, Archibald Alexander, Felix Gilbert, Samuel McDowel,* Sampn. Mathews, Alexr. McClenachan,* Mathew Harrison, George Mathews. Alexr. Robertson,* John Hays, James Craig, John Frogg,* William Tees, George Croghan, John Connelly,* Thos. Smallman, Wm. Bowyer,* John McClenachan,* Michael Bowyer, John Gratton,* Thos. Huggart, Elijah McClenachan, Josiah Davidson, John Skidmore, John Campbell, Edward Ward, Dawsey Penticost, John Gibson. (Those marked (*) qualified.)

JANUARY 17, 1775.

  • (30) New Commission from Dunmore, viz: Silas Hart, John Dickinson, James Lockhart, John Christian, Daniel Smith,* John Poage, Abraham Smith,* George Moffett,* Alexr. McClenachan,* Mathew Harrison, Michael Bowyer,* John Gratton, Thomas Hughes, Elijah McClenachan,* Josiah Davidson, John Skidmore, John Campbell, Thos. Smallman, John Gibson, John Stephenson, John Cannon, Silas Hedge, William Gee (McGee?), Archd. Alexander, Felix Gilbert,* Samuel McDowell,* Sampson Mathews,* William Bowyer,* George Mathews,* Alexr. Robertson,* John Hayes,* James Craig, John Frogg, Wm. Teas,* George Croghan, Edward Ward, Dawsey Pentecost, Wm. Crawford. John McCullough, Geo. Vallendegham and David Shepherd. (Those marked (*) qualified.)

MAY, 1773 (B).

  • John Anderson vs. S. Mathews, Mathew and James Lockhart.--Chancery

writ, 29th June, 1769.

James Lockhart was Sampson Mathews's father-in-law, in 1765.
Orator became joint security with Mathews on bond of James Lockhart and Randall Lockhart for collection of public levy in 1765; sometime after securities asked G. Jones and P. Hog to liquidate the account of the Lockharts, when a considerable defalcation [See definition under terms] was found.
Patrick Lockhart was son to James. James Allen was son-in-law of John Anderson. Robert Bratton, aged 60 years, 20th May, 1772. Silas Hart, aged 50 years and upwards, 20th May, 1772.
Randall Lockhart was son to James. William Crow, aged 30 years and upwards, 22d August, 1772.

James Allen's deposition taken in Botetourt, 1771.

Hugh Allen was James's [Allen] brother.

John Lockhart

1749.

  • Francis McCown, charged with stealing four pistoles and twenty-one

shillings and six pence in silver out of the pocket of John Lockhart.

APRIL 11 1749

  • William McCanless, aged about thirty-six years, being sworn, says he

never saw Francis McCown steal, pick or rob John Lockhart's pocketbook, 11th April, 1749. William Henry, the same.

  • Francis McCown (Cowen), of etc. William McCanless, John McCowen

recognize before Robert Campbell, as justice, 11th April, 1749, that Francis shall appear at the next May Court on 3d Wednesday of the month.

NOVEMBER 21, 1754

  • (327) John Lockhart of No. Carolina--is paid a debt in Court.

Mary Lockhart

Spouse of Patrick Lockhart

SEPTEMBER 19 1794

  • File No. 926.--Calvert vs. Kennerley. Ross (Rolls?) Calvert and Charles

Harper complain that on 19th September, 1794, George Calvert purchased of James Kennerley, since deceased, a tract in Culpeper County--325 acres. George assigned the title bond to orators on 29th March, 1806. Kennerley died testate. Will recorded in Staunton District Court, but died intestate as to this land. James Kennerley's son, Benjamin, has died intestate and without issue. James left other issue, viz: Sons James, Thomas, Samuel; Mary Lockhart, then wife of Patrick Lockhart, but now sole; Elizabeth Poindexter, wife of Joseph Poindexter; William and Reuben; Kitty Craig, wife of George Craig. William and Reuben and James have made a deed to orators, but were without title. The heirs reside partly in Virginia and partly in other parts. Thomas resides in Kentucky. Spa. dated 23d August, 1810.

Matthew Lockhart

MAY, 1773 (B). John Anderson vs. S. Mathews, Mathew and James Lockhart.--Chancery writ, 29th June, 1769. James Lockhart was Sampson Mathews's father-in-law, in 1765. Orator became joint security with Mathews on bond of James Lockhart and Randall Lockhart for collection of public levy in 1765; sometime after securities asked G. Jones and P. Hog to liquidate the account of the Lockharts, when a considerable defalcation was found. Patrick Lockhart was son to James. James Allen was son-in-law of John Anderson. Robert Bratton, aged 60 years, 20th May, 1772. Silas Hart, aged 50 years and upwards, 20th May, 1772. Randall Lockhart was son to James. William Crow, aged 30 years and upwards, 22d August, 1772. James Allen's deposition taken in Botetourt, 1771. Hugh Allen was James's brother.


Patrick Lockhart

NOTE: Major, and District Commissioner in Washington County, Virginia 1782[6]

MAY, 1773 (B).

  • John Anderson vs. S. Mathews, Mathew and James Lockhart.--Chancery

writ, 29th June, 1769. James Lockhart was Sampson Mathews's father-in-law, in 1765. Orator became joint security with Mathews on bond of James Lockhart and Randall Lockhart for collection of public levy in 1765; sometime after securities asked G. Jones and P. Hog to liquidate the account of the Lockharts, when a considerable defalcation was found.

NOTE: The following may be witnesses: Patrick Lockhart was son to James. James Allen was son-in-law of John Anderson. Robert Bratton, aged 60 years, 20th May, 1772. Silas Hart, aged 50 years and upwards, 20th May, 1772. Randall Lockhart was son to James. William Crow, aged 30 years and upwards, 22d August, 1772. James Allen's deposition taken in Botetourt, 1771. Hugh Allen was James's brother.

MARCH 1780

  • Patrick Lockhart, one of the Commissaries of the United States of

America, vs. William Reah.--Writ, 27th March, 1780.

AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER, 1783.

  • Patrick Lockhart, one of the Commissaries of the United States of

America, vs. William Reah.--Writ, 27th March, 1780.

SEPTEMBER 19 1794

  • File No. 926.--Calvert vs. Kennerley. Ross (Rolls?) Calvert and Charles

Harper complain that on 19th September, 1794, George Calvert purchased of James Kennerley, since deceased, a tract in Culpeper County--325 acres. George assigned the title bond to orators on 29th March, 1806. Kennerley died testate. Will recorded in Staunton District Court, but died intestate as to this land. James Kennerley's son, Benjamin, has died intestate and without issue. James left other issue, viz: Sons James, Thomas, Samuel; Mary Lockhart, then wife of Patrick Lockhart, but now sole; Elizabeth Poindexter, wife of Joseph Poindexter; William and Reuben; Kitty Craig, wife of George Craig. William and Reuben and James have made a deed to orators, but were without title. The heirs reside partly in Virginia and partly in other parts. Thomas resides in Kentucky. Spa. dated 23d August, 1810.


Botetourt County, Virginia

SUMMER 1776

  • Member of Captain Thomas Rowland's company that was dispatched to frontier to protect against the British and Indians.[7] NOTE: Also a Joseph Titus among others. It is also stated that this expedition accomplished nothing of value.

Washington County, Virginia

JULY 6 1782

  • Meeting of field officers, to coordinate proper protection fo Washington and Montgomery County, Virginia. Major Patrick Lockhart listed as Commissioner.[8]
  • Recommend Major Lockhart and District Commissioners to procure supplies in Montgomery County for militia.[9]

Randall Lockhart

NOVEMBER 18, 1761. (108) Privy examination of Jane, wife of Wm. Sprowl. Felix Gilbert and Randal Lockhart qualified vestrymen. Thomas Smith, servant of John Graham. Elianer Roberts, servant of Wm. Holdman. Margaret, widow of Francis McCown, rejected the provision for her in his will.

MAY 19, 1767.

  • (66) Randal Lockhart commd. to debtor's prison.

MAY 21 1767 AUGUST, 1767 (C).

  • George Carpenter vs. William Crow.
--Simon Robinson deposes, 21st May,

1767, before John Poage: That he was employed by Capt. Crow to help him to take a drove of cattle towards Pennsylvania, and on their way said deponent saith several strange cattle came into the drove, and particularly below Frazier's some came in, as likewise at Davies Mill, all which he believes was turned out, and had particular orders from Mr. Crow to take care of the drove, and likewise to be careful to turn out all stray cattle, and likewise said Crow did assist himself to turn out cattle at different times and order people where they lodged to detain stray cattle from their drove till they could get clear of.

William (mark) English deposes: That passing by

Shurley's he saw in his pasture Capt. Crow's drove of cattle, and with them he saw several of Mr. Carpenter's cattle. Next morning, after they were started off out of the field and met several of Mr. Carpenter's cattle on road coming back.

Randal Lockhart deposes, 21st May, 1767: That about

four years agone he met with Mr. Crow at Pat. Frazier's with his drove and was desired by said Crow to count his cattle, which he did, and counted 131. He assisted Mr. Crow down the road as far as where John Waddell lived, and helped to turn out some cattle out of the drove, and was desired by said Crow so to do. Some time after Mr. Crow came home. Deponent heard Mr. Carpenter and said Crow discoursing about cattle that Carpenter lost. Crow affirmed that he discovered one stray cow, and no more, in his drove at Robert Wilson's. Some time afterwards Crow went down to speak with Carpenter about cattle that he had lost, who affirmed he had lost two. Crow asked him what price he valued his cattle to. He said £6. Crow said he would set the price on an average, or leave it to two men, if he could prove his cattle were in his drove. They nominated Robert Shanklin and William Beard. The appointment was set, and the time came, but Carpenter did not appear.

James Bruster deposes: In October, 1763, deponent went to

house of George Carpenter in search of lost cattle, which he suspected Mr. Crow had taken off in his drove, and they went in search of Crow's drove. On their way they came to Michael Shirley's. Mrs. Shirley said Crow had asked her to count the drove, which she did, and found them 141. They proceeded to Alex. Buchanan. Mrs. Buchanan told them that Crow's drove increased damnably. Thence they went to one Heard's. Mr. Heard said Crow offered to sell one heifer. They came to Mr. Crow's house in Staunton. Mr. Crow says: Mr. Bruster, I understand you are like to make me out a cow thief? I never called you a thief, but you acknowledged a stray cow which I dare ventur to say is mine, and I have come to see what you have done with her.

AUGUST, 1767 (D).

  • Randal Lockhart, debtor to Mathew Read and Hugh Johnson.--1767

To one pack of cards.

AUGUST, 1767 (C).

  • George Carpenter vs. William Crow.
--Simon Robinson deposes, 21st May,

1767, before John Poage: That he was employed by Capt. Crow to help him to take a drove of cattle towards Pennsylvania, and on their way said deponent saith several strange cattle came into the drove, and particularly below Frazier's some came in, as likewise at Davies Mill, all which he believes was turned out, and had particular orders from Mr. Crow to take care of the drove, and likewise to be careful to turn out all stray cattle, and likewise said Crow did assist himself to turn out cattle at different times and order people where they lodged to detain stray cattle from their drove till they could get clear of.

William (mark) English deposes: That passing by

Shurley's he saw in his pasture Capt. Crow's drove of cattle, and with them he saw several of Mr. Carpenter's cattle. Next morning, after they were started off out of the field and met several of Mr. Carpenter's cattle on road coming back.

Randal Lockhart deposes, 21st May, 1767: That about

four years agone he met with Mr. Crow at Pat. Frazier's with his drove and was desired by said Crow to count his cattle, which he did, and counted 131. He assisted Mr. Crow down the road as far as where John Waddell lived, and helped to turn out some cattle out of the drove, and was desired by said Crow so to do. Some time after Mr. Crow came home. Deponent heard Mr. Carpenter and said Crow discoursing about cattle that Carpenter lost. Crow affirmed that he discovered one stray cow, and no more, in his drove at Robert Wilson's. Some time afterwards Crow went down to speak with Carpenter about cattle that he had lost, who affirmed he had lost two. Crow asked him what price he valued his cattle to. He said £6. Crow said he would set the price on an average, or leave it to two men, if he could prove his cattle were in his drove. They nominated Robert Shanklin and William Beard. The appointment was set, and the time came, but Carpenter did not appear.

James Bruster deposes: In October, 1763, deponent went to

house of George Carpenter in search of lost cattle, which he suspected Mr. Crow had taken off in his drove, and they went in search of Crow's drove. On their way they came to Michael Shirley's. Mrs. Shirley said Crow had asked her to count the drove, which she did, and found them 141. They proceeded to Alex. Buchanan. Mrs. Buchanan told them that Crow's drove increased damnably. Thence they went to one Heard's. Mr. Heard said Crow offered to sell one heifer. They came to Mr. Crow's house in Staunton. Mr. Crow says: Mr. Bruster, I understand you are like to make me out a cow thief? I never called you a thief, but you acknowledged a stray cow which I dare ventur to say is mine, and I have come to see what you have done with her.

AUGUST 21 1767 NOTE: Included surrounding records as this one (245) may be related.

  • (244) Mary Bredley, alias Scott, not to be bound by Church Wardens, but to remain in hands of James Laughlin, who is to be summoned.
  • (244) Witnesses: Patrick Frazier.
  • (245) John Frazier, Wm. Beard, Geo. Carpenter, Jr., Randall Lockhart, Catherine Shirley.
  • (245) Accounts of Wm. Simpson and Elizabeth, his wife, late Elizabeth Campbell, admx. of Malcolm Campbell.

AUGUST 22 1767 NOTE: Included surrounding records as this one (248) may be related.

  • (248) David Roberts to be bound out.
  • (248) Randall Lockhart in custody for debt.
  • (250) Witnesses: John Bunchanon, Dennis Getty.
  • (250) Jurors: John Seviar, William Foster, James Gilmore, John Weer, John Weer.
  • Silas Hart, gent., late High Sheriff of Augusta, vs. Randal Lockhart, Sampson Mathews, John Brown, Felix Gilbert, Hugh Young, John Stewart, and Andrew Lewis and George Mathews, admrs. of David Stewart, decd. } Randal delivered up in custody of Sheriff.

(252) Jurors: Wm. Hinds, Jr., Robert Allen, Jr. (250) Witnesses: Thomas Kennerley, David Bell, Adam Dean, Robert Allen.

MAY, 1771 (B).

  • John Stewart vs. Sampson Mathews.--Chancery, Sampson Mathews is

brother-in-law to Randal Lockhart.

MAY, 1773 (B).

  • John Anderson vs. S. Mathews, Mathew and James Lockhart.--Chancery

writ, 29th June, 1769. James Lockhart was Sampson Mathews's father-in-law, in 1765. Orator became joint security with Mathews on bond of James Lockhart and Randall Lockhart for collection of public levy in 1765; sometime after securities asked G. Jones and P. Hog to liquidate the account of the Lockharts, when a considerable defalcation was found. Patrick Lockhart was son to James. James Allen was son-in-law of John Anderson. Robert Bratton, aged 60 years, 20th May, 1772. Silas Hart, aged 50 years and upwards, 20th May, 1772. Randall Lockhart was son to James. William Crow, aged 30 years and upwards, 22d August, 1772. James Allen's deposition taken in Botetourt, 1771. Hugh Allen was James's brother.

Samuel Lockhard/Lockhart

JULY 16, 1746.

  • (70) Robert McMahon and Samuel Lockhard being bound over to this Court for misbehaving themselves towards William Thomson in killing his hogs, horses, etc., and William saying he feared further damage--they gave bond for good behavior, George Anderson and Wm. Pierce for Lockard, James Givens and Geo. Cathey for McMahon


MARCH 18, 1746/7.

  • (168) Road ordered from Top of the Ridge to John Terrald's and James Beard's, with these tithables, John Bomgardner, Jacob Harmon, Robert and Saml. Scot, John Stevenson, Robert Hook, Wm. Burk, Mathew Thompson, Charles Duel, Nicholas Noel, John Lawrence, Jacob Pence, Henry Dickens, Valentine Pence, George Scot, John Viare, Jacob Harmon, Sr., Mathew Sharp, John Harmon, Ro. Frazier, James Beard, Mathew Thompson, John Robton, Stiffell Francisco, Wm. Lamb, Samuel Lockard, Ro. Smith.

APRIL 16, 1746.

  • (42) Sam'l Lockhart and Wm. Linwell--garnishees.
  • (42) Wm. Thompson vs. Saml. Lockhart--Ejectt.--400 acres.

MARCH 18, 1746/7.

  • (168) Road ordered from Top of the Ridge to John Terrald's and James Beard's, with these tithables, John Bomgardner, Jacob Harmon, Robert and Saml. Scot, John Stevenson, Robert Hook, Wm. Burk, Mathew Thompson, Charles Duel, Nicholas Noel, John Lawrence, Jacob Pence, Henry Dickens, Valentine Pence, George Scot, John Viare, Jacob Harmon, Sr., Mathew Sharp, John Harmon, Ro. Frazier, James Beard, Mathew Thompson, John Robton, Stiffell Francisco, Wm. Lamb, Samuel Lockard, Ro. Smith.

AUGUST 19, 1748.

  • (58) Saml. Lockhart to be added to list of tithables, Robt. Smith to be added to list of tithables, Wm. Craig to be added to list of tithables, also Robert Craig, James Craig, and John Craig.

NOVEMBER 28, 1750.

  • (490) Saml. Davison, Saml. Lockhart, added to tithables, own motion.

SEPTEMBER 24 1755

  • Smith vs. McMachen.--Samuel Lockhart declares, 24th September, 1755, that he expects to leave this Colony before next Court. Alexander Sutherland does the same.

MARCH, 1756 (A).

  • Smith vs. McMachen.--Samuel Lockhart declares, 24th September, 1755, that he expects to leave this Colony before next Court. Alexander Sutherland does the same.


William Lockhart

OCTOBER 25, 1755 *(491) Newman McGonagle, for patrolling; Wm. Williams, for patrolling; Wm. Christian, for patrolling; Alexr. Thompson, for patrolling; John Simmons claim for guarding arms and ammunition sent for the use of this County; Wm. Duncan, for patrolling; Robert Thompson and John Galespy,--patrolling; Charles Patrick, for patrolling; Joseph Martin and Wm. McFeeters, for patrolling; Wm. Lockhart, for patrolling; Barny Riley, going on express.

MARCH 22, 1765. All entries for this date included because not sure of relation to entry (253).

  • (252) Examination Wm. Thompson for counterfeiting. Bound to General Court in £1,000--Wm. Inglis, Daniel Goodwin, Wm. Tutt et als., witnesses.
  • (253) Esther Boyd to be bound to John McGill. James Dunlap to be bound to William Lockhart. [Unsure of what this record is for...There is a Capt James Dunlap with estate/executors/bills, but deceased prior to 1765, unless this was another James Dunlap.]
  • (254) Edward Sampson-a witness.

AUGUST 20, 1768.

  • (352) Sarah Buckthorn [No other mention of Sarah in this record], servant of William Lockhart.

Sarah Lockhart Waterson

MAY, 1791.

  • George Mathews vs. Robert Burns, Executor.--Bill, 15th December, 1789.

Answer of Margaret Cunningham Burns, daughter of Robert Burns, deceased, infant, by James Lyle, guardian, filed May, 1791. Robert's will filed. In 1788 he left widow, Isabella [Unknown last name, first wife of Randal Lockhart, son of James 1693-1767 and Margaret. Source: Watchers: Delijim, Randall "Rondell" Lockhart, This page was last modified 12:48, 7 August 2013. http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Person:Randall_Lockhart_%281%29 Accessed 6 March 2015</ref> , and daughters, Mary, Margaret Cunningham Burns and step-daughter, Sarah Lockhart, son, Thomas Burns; Henry Burns; Mary Burns had married James Curry in 1789, 14th December. Sarah Lockhart had married Asher Waterman in 1789, 14th December.

Miscellaneous Lockharts

NOVEMBER 21 1768 NOTE: Under the heading of:

JAMES PATTON. To the High Sheriff of this County.

NOTE: This is probably referring to Justice James Lockhart, but not confirmed.

Mr. Jones: Sir:--I understand by Mr. Lockhart, my servant boy has complained to the Court that I did not give him such learning as he expected, and that there is not any cause for him to expect anything but what I have already done for him. I could easily make appear. However, I do hereby freely and entirely give up all my right and title to him, as I understand he has a mind to choose a master and go to a trade, &c. I am, sir, your humble servant. (Signed) James Cotton. Monday, November 21, 1768.

Beverly Manor Land Grant

Beverley Manor Settlers Request a Minister

Nor did the Augusta settlers forget their Presbyterian faith. At the September 1, 1737 meeting of Donegal Presbytery in Pennsylvania "A Supplication from the New Setled People of Beverly Manor in ye back parts of Virginia requesting Supplies" was read. Presbytery directed Rev. James Anderson to write them an encouraging letter, pledging a minister would visit them the next spring.[10]

Settling the Upper Shenandoah Valley

Hite's success stimulated others to petition for Shenandoah Valley grants, among them Col. William Beverley, a wealthy planter of Essex County, Virginia. In 1732 he and his associates obtained a grant of 15,000 acres in present Page County, but it overlapped lands occupied by German settlers who had a valid title. Beverley joined with John Tayloe and Thomas Lee in requesting 60,000 acres on the Shenandoah, beginning at the southern boundary of the Germans' grant. This tract lay in present Rockingham and Augusta counties. Beverley obtained a patent in September 1736 for another 60,000 acres, but it was surveyed as "a parcel of land, called the Manor of Beverley, containing 118,491 acres." The boundaries of Beverley Manor included much of present Augusta County.
As early as 1739, this part of the Shenandoah Valley was known as "The Irish Tract," since many Ulster Scots had already found homes there. John Lewis and other Ulster Scots had settled in what would be Beverley Manor as early as 1732. John Trimble, who came there in 1734, recalled years later "there was no Road for more than seventy Miles downwards, other than the narrow, almost impervious Paths made through the lonely Forests by Buffaloes, & Indians." Altogether some sixty families were living on this remote frontier. These people were part of a continuing migration of Scotch-Irish and German families from Pennsylvania and Maryland to the Shenandoah Valley. Beverley could wait for more settlers to come south and buy land in his manor, but he chose to engage a partner to settle the manor more quickly.

James Patton and Beverley Manor

James Patton was born at Limavady in 1692. He became a ship's captain and, after his employers in Kirkcudbright, Scotland, failed in 1730, Walter Lutwidge, a merchant in Whitehaven, England, "brought him out of his scrapes" and gave him command of one of his ships in the Chesapeake tobacco trade. On one of his voyages to Virginia, Patton became acquainted with William Beverley. In August 1737 Beverley wrote Patton offering him a share in the land he patented with Tayloe and Lee: "I am willing you should hold one quarter part of it being at one ¼ pt of all ye charges & doing your utmost endeavour to procure families to come in & settle it." He explained that "we all three propose to make money of the Land & to that end I propose to hold it undivided & to sell out & make ye most we can of it, unless either of us shou’d have a mind to make a settlement there for our own use & then we might have what we have occasion for laid off & appropriated for ye purpose." Patton’s role was made clearer in another letter. "I should be very glad if you could import families enough to take the whole off from our hands at a reasonable price and tho’ the order mentions families from Pensilvania, yet families from Ireland will do as well."
On his return, Patton recruited emigrants, notably his brother-in-law John Preston, a ship's carpenter in Londonderry. He sailed from Whitehaven in Lutwidge's ship Walpoole on March 16, 1738. The ship lay some weeks at Dublin, taking on passengers and indentured servants, and then sailed for Lough Swilly, where most of the emigrants came on board. The Walpoole sailed up the Potomac River and landed 65 passengers with their baggage and merchandise for Lutwidge's factors on August 25, 1738. Patton kept the ship in Virginia over the winter, contrary to Lutwidge’s orders, and sailed for home with a cargo of tobacco in April 1739.
In the meantime, Patton had taken his settlers to the Shenandoah Valley with provisions to keep them over the winter. Lutwidge was livid when he learned what had happened. "Of all ye Knaves I ever met with, Patton has out don them all . . . . He charged no less than 6,000 lbs of fresh Beefe in Virginia, 40 barrels Indian corn and everything else in proportion, took 15 servants to himself at a clap. In short, Hell itself can't outdo him."
John Lewis welcomed Patton’s Ulster emigrants as well as others who came south from Pennsylvania and Maryland. Beverley granted Lewis 2,000 acres near the present city of Staunton in consideration of "the extraordinary trouble of his house and charges in entertaining those who came to settle on Beverley Mannor." John Trimble, William Cathey, William King and other early settlers bought the land where they lived from Beverley in 1738-1739. Between 1738 and 1744 Colonel Beverley sold 47,366 acres to 94 purchasers.[11]


Opequon Church

Opequon Church Organized

Many of the Opequon settlers in Frederick County were Scotch-Irish from the Elk river region at the head of Chesapeake Bay where Rev. Samuel Gelston was minister, among them William Hoge and his family. They erected a meeting house on Hoge's land, and wrote Mr. Gelston to visit them; which he did on a commission issued by Donegal Presbytery, May 26, 1736. He was followed in 1737 by Rev. James Anderson, pastor of Donegal Presbyterian Church, and between them the Opequon congregation was put in church order. [12]


Definitions of Terms

  • Justices of the Court:

NOTE: This definition is from the description of the founding of the courts in the Territory of Virginia in 1634, which one can assume was similiar if not the same throughout the Virginia Colony in later years.

The territory of Virginia was divided into eight shires or counties in 1634. In each county/shire, a lieutenant, sheriff, and justices of the peace were commissioned to hold courts. This system was not significantly changed until 1870.[13]

  • Tithables: In seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Virginia, the term “tithable” referred to a person who paid (or for whom someone else paid) one of the taxes imposed by the General Assembly for the support of civil government in the colony. In colonial Virginia, a poll tax or capitation tax was assessed on free white males, African American slaves, and Native American servants (both male and female), all age sixteen or older. Owners and masters paid the taxes levied on their slaves and servants. Few tithable lists are extant. The Library of Virginia holds full or partial lists for about three dozen counties. A detailed guide to manuscript, microfilmed, and printed tithables is available in the Archives Research Room. See also the VA-NOTES entries on Colonial Taxes and on Tithables for a list of documents in the archival records in the Library of Virginia containing the names of people who paid the tax on tithables.

Tithable lists do not enumerate anyone under the age of sixteen or any adult white woman (unless she was the head of household). [14]

Sources

  1. Website for online, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~chalkley/volume_1/title.htm Tuesday, 02-Sep-1997 © Copyright 1996, USGenWeb
  2. Orginal image of 1912 edition available via FamilySearch.org under BOOKS.
  3. Richard MacMaster, contact info: rmacmast@ufl.edu, Ulster-Scots in Virginia From Pennsylvania to Shenandoah, © Author's copyright, http://www.ulstervirginia.com/ulsterscotsvirginia.asp, accessed 6 March 2015
  4. Buchanans of Early Augusta County, Virginia, Paul Buchanan, 1985, https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE76540&from=fhd
  5. Buchanans of Early Augusta County, Virginia, Paul Buchanan, 1985, https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE76540&from=fhd
  6. History of Southwest Virginia, 1746-1786, Washington County, 1777-1870 By Lewis Preston Summers, J. L. Hill Print. Company, 1903 - Virginia - 921 pages. Page 234, 363, 905 under 1634 headline. Two online sources: Googlebooks, http://books.google.com/books?id=-uB4AAAAMAAJ, Internet Archive, https://archive.org/details/historyofsouthwe00lewi
  7. Summers, page 363
  8. Summers, page 363
  9. Summers, page 364
  10. Richard MacMaster, contact info: rmacmast@ufl.edu, Ulster-Scots in Virginia From Pennsylvania to Shenandoah
  11. Richard MacMaster, contact info: rmacmast@ufl.edu, Ulster-Scots in Virginia From Pennsylvania to Shenandoah
  12. Richard MacMaster, contact info: rmacmast@ufl.edu, Ulster-Scots in Virginia From Pennsylvania to Shenandoah
  13. History of Southwest Virginia, 1746-1786, Washington County, 1777-1870 By Lewis Preston Summers, J. L. Hill Print. Company, 1903 - Virginia - 921 pages. Page 16 under 1634 headline. Two online sources: Googlebooks, http://books.google.com/books?id=-uB4AAAAMAAJ, Internet Archive, https://archive.org/details/historyofsouthwe00lewi
  14. Library of Virginia, http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn17_tithables.htm accessed 5 March 2015




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