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Australia, Railways - History Tree

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Australiamap
Surnames/tags: Australia History Railways
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  • Railways of the Six States of Australia
  • 5: South Australian Railways

was the statutory corporation through which the Government of South Australia built and operated railways in South Australia from 1854 until March 1978, when its non-urban railways were incorporated into the Australian National Railways Commission ("Australian National"), and its Adelaide urban lines were transferred to the State Transport Authority.

South Australia is one of the few places in Australia, if not the world, that has three major rail gauges (1600, 1435 and 1067 mm), in addition to other uncommon gauges.

As part of the Sydney-Perth standard gauge link, the Port Pirie-Broken Hill railway line was converted to standard gauge while the Roseworthy-Peterborough line north of Terowie was converted from narrow to broad gauge in 1970.

In the 1972 election, the Whitlam Federal Government made a commitment to invite the states to hand over their railway systems to the federal government. The Government of South Australia took up the offer, but elected to retain the Adelaide metropolitan services that were transferred to the State Transport Authority. Financial responsibility for the remaining services passed to the Federal Government on 1 July 1975, although the SAR continued to operate services until operations were formally transferred on 1 March 1978 to Australian National. . . more . . Wikipedia®


  • 6: The Railways in Western Australia

were developed in the 19th century both by the Government of Western Australia and a number of private companies. Today passenger rail services are controlled by the Public Transport Authority (a department of the Government of Western Australia) through Transperth, which operates public transport in Perth, and Transwa, which operates country passenger services. Great Southern Rail operates the Indian Pacific. . . more . . Wikipedia®

History
The Western Australian lines developed in narrow 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge from Fremantle (the port of Perth), Geraldton, Bunbury, Albany and Esperance, mainly for carrying grain and minerals, with the private Midland Railway Company and Great Southern Railway adding 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge lines in the Wheatbelt with the support of land grants.

In 1907 the standard-gauge Trans-Australian Railway from Port Augusta, South Australia to Kalgoorlie was authorised. Construction started in 1912, and it was completed in 1917. It was run by the Commonwealth Railways. In the 1960s standard (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)) gauge lines penetrated to Perth. . . more . . Wikipedia®
In rail transport, track gauge is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between theinner faces of the load-bearing rails. . . more . . Wikipedia®





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Categories: Australia, Railways