Surnames/tags: military_and_war_project australian_army australian_projects
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Australian Army Generals
Australian Army Generals aims to honour the lives of Australia's senior soldiers, recognising them as one of the key groups of people in Australia's development. Some 160 deceased Australian Army generals have been identified and have profiles on WikiTree (some 60 more are still serving or living). Many generals are Notables. Many have gone on to carve out careers as diplomats, philanthropists, businessmen, doctors, politicians, voluntary workers and even farmers. The intention is to extend the project to include RAN Admirals and RAAF Air Marshals at a later date. For the purpose of this category, generals include all those who attained the ranks of Field Marshal, General, Lieutenant General and Major General of all eras. Although classified as generals until 1921, Brigadier Generals of the First World War have been excluded to maintain continuity with later eras.
Any Project Protected or Project Managed profiles are cared for by the Australia Project.
like to help?
Australian Army Generals is a sub project of Australia Project, managed by the Military_and_War Project, Team Leader Juha Soini. Project Co-ordinator is Ken Evans. If you would like to participate in this project, please add your name below under current helpers, or send an advice to Ken Evans, asking to have your name listed here. If you like, let us know beside your name whose profile/s you will work on.
- Ken Evans: am working through profiles in a disorganised manner, improving bios, adding categories and sources, and connecting profiles to the main tree.
- Roger Davey
We do need people to help add to the Tree by 'having-a-go' at the following tasks:
- biography cleaned up where profiles already exist, using the WikiTree Style Guide; if possible note anything else the general did in his / her community; not whether military service was a family trait, i.e., did father, siblings, children also serve (can work with Profile Improvement Project for help)
- give Notables recognition as and where appropriate (ask Notables Project if help is required)
- connect profiles to the main WikiTree family tree; which may require research into many family member profiles (we can ask the Connectors Project for help)
- action maintenance categories by finding relevant sources and improving profile biographies. Category: Australia, Unsourced Profiles
- categorise generals by military college/s attended, unit/s commanded, major honours, and any war in which they might have been of general rank. As well as Australian Army Generals, profiles may require adding to:
- [Category: Australian Army Generals, World War I|Australian Army Generals, World War I]
- [Category: Australian Army Generals, World War II|Australian Army Generals, World War II]
- [Category: Australian Army Generals, Korean War|Australian Army Generals, Korean War]
- [Category: Australian Army Generals, Vietnam War|Australian Army Generals, Vietnam War]
note on sourcing proof of service
- when possible, cite military or pension records for proof of service, e.g., Department of Veterans' Affairs, Australian War Memorial, Australian Honours.
- remember, we're a genealogy project, so please add genealogical information to profiles, e.g., add parents, siblings, spouse, children, grandparents, etc; keep going until the profile is connected to the Tree.
- then there is the additional details that bring the profile 'alive', where did he live, what else did he do beside the military, with whom did he associate, what were his interests and hobbies?
- always include whatever source you have, whether primary or secondary; it will help future researchers.
- please follow the style guidelines
note on collaborating
When collaborating on a profile:
- leave comments in the message boxes on the profile
- do not delete messages
- focus on the Sources and not the character of the profile managers or other members
- post a question in g2g if you need genealogy help or sources.
- give others the benefit of the doubt
Practical information about generals
|insignia of Field Marshal,|
showing crown and batons
The senior, or general, ranks in the Australian Army are (in descending order):
- Field Marshal - the current holder of the rank of Field Marshal, in an honorary and ceremonial capacity, is HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, prince-consort to the Queen of Australia, Her Majesty Elizabeth II. His insignia is a St Edward's Crown with crossed batons over a wreath (see illustration).
- General - is the second-highest rank, and the highest active rank, of the Australian Army and considered a four-star rank. His insignia is a Crown, Star and crossed sword & baton (see below). The rank of general is held when an army officer is appointed Chief of the Defence Force.
- Lieutenant General - is considered a three-star rank and is held by the Chief of Army, the Vice Chief of the Defence Force, the Chief of Joint Operations, and the Chief of Capability Development. His insignia is a Crown and crossed sword & baton (see below).
- Major General - is considered to be equivalent to a two-star rank. His insignia is a Star and crossed sword & baton (see below). A Major General commands a division or the equivalent.
- As stated above, we have excluded the 1901 to 1921 rank of Brigadier General from this category to maintain continuity with later eras (with the name change to Brigadier, this rank became associated with the field officer ranks of Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel).
|insignia of a General,|
showing star, crown
and sword / baton
The General rank insignia, identical to those of the British Army excepting for the title 'Australia', comprise one or more of three symbols:
- the Crown of St Edward; as also worn by Majors, Lieutenant Colonels, Colonels and Brigadiers.
- the Star of the Order of the Bath, or 'pip' as it is colloquially known; as worn by Second Lieutenants, Lieutenants, Captains, Lieutenant Colonels and Brigadiers.
- a crossed Mameluke Sword and Baton.
And who are Australia's Generals?
This section is being developed and will concentrate on their senior commands and service in the ranks of the generals.
British Army Generals serving Australia
|MAJ GEN Lachlan Macquarie|
The first general to serve on the Australian continent was Lachlan Macquarie CB, the fifth governor of the British Colony of New South Wales from 1810 to 1822 (which then encompassed everywhere from the tip of Cape York to the southern point of Van Dieman's Land, west for half of the continent and east to Norfolk Island). Macquarie arrived as a Lieutenant Colonel in command of his 1st Battalion, 73rd Regiment of Foot, however was promoted to Colonel upon assuming his vice-regal duties on 1st January 1810 with the battalion placed under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Maurice O'Connell (who would marry Mary Putland, the widowed daughter of former Governor of New South Wales Vice Admiral William Bligh RN). Macquarie was subsequently promoted to Brigadier General in 1811 and then to Major General in 1813. Of course, he served in the capacity of governor and not as a military commander. Macquarie retired to Britain, where he died in 1824 at St James London and was entombed at Isle of Mull, Argyllshire; with the family tomb administered by the National Trust of Australia. Macquarie was succeeded as governor by Major General Sir Thomas Brisbane from 1821-25, Lieutenant General Sir Ralph Darling KCB 1825-31, and Major General Sir Richard Bourke KCB 1831-37.
- Major General Sir Maurice O'Connell KCH (1766-1848) returned to New South Wales in 1838 to assume command of the forces in the Colony of New South Wales (then still inclusive of today's Victoria and Queensland), Van Diemen's Land and New Zealand. In November 1841, he was promoted to Lieutenant General. O'Connell was also appointed to the Legislative Council and served as Acting Governor. He retired to his New South Wales properties in 1847, passing away in Sydney a year later.
- Major General Edward Wynyard CB (1788-1864) succeeded O'Connell in 1847 as commander of the forces in New South Wales, Van Diemen's Land and New Zealand. His return to Britain in 1853 followed the separation of Victoria as a British Colony. His steady opposition to every proposal for the British government for the reduction of troops under his command was justified in 1851 when gold was discovered and each colony began to clamour for protection. Wynyard's invaluable service within Australia is commemorated through the locale of Wynyard, Sydney, and the town of Wynyard in northern Tasmania.
Australia's defence continued to be dependent upon British forces until 1870 and then the Colonial Military Forces of the six independent colonies (listed alphabetically) New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia, each of which were commanded by British Army officers seconded to the respective Colony:
- Colonel (Major General from 1884) Major Francis Downes CMG (1834-1923), commanded the South Australia Military Force (1877-85; 1888-99) and the Victorian Military Force (1899-1902). He also served as the Victorian secretary of defence (1885-88). Downes remained in Australia, included on the Australian retired List, passing away at his home in Brighton, Victoria. His son was Major General Rupert Downes CMG, Director General of Medical Services; Australia's first father-son generals.
- Major General John Soame Richardson CB (1836-96), commandant of New South Wales Military Force 1870 to 1892, leading the NSW contingent to the Sudan Campaign. He was a veteran of the Crimean and Maori Wars. He migrated to NSW in 1865, marrying and raising his family in his adopted home. Promoted to Major General in 1885 and retired in 1892; Richardson passed away, too soon, at his home at Leichhardt, in Sydney's inner west.
- Major General (later) Sir George French was commandant of the New South Wales Military Force; succeeding John Soame Richardson from 1896, having previously been commandant of the Queensland Force from 1883 to 1891. He retired to England in September 1902. French became the brother-in-law of Major General Ewen Sinclair-Maclagan in 1902.
- Major General Sir Charles Holled Smith KCMG CB (1847-1925), commandant of the Victorian Military Force 1894-99. A veteran of the Zulu and Boer Wars, Egyptian War, Nile Expedition, Soudan, Suakin, and Tokar. Retired to England.
Even following Federation in 1901 and the establishment of the Australian Military Force in March that year, Australia remained dependent on seconded British officers until such time as we could develop our own military leaders:
- Major General (later Lieutenant General) Sir Edward Hutton (1848-1923), a British military commander who pioneered the use of mounted infantry; commanded the 1st Mounted Infantry Brigade in South Africa, a formation made up of Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand troops; and from 1902 to 1904 was the first General Officer Commanding Australia's Commonwealth Military Force, of which he created both a field force and a garrison force, and transformed various colonial cavalry and mounted units into the famous Light Horse.
- Major General Harry Finn CB DCM (1852-1924) was a British Army officer who served in the infant Australian Army as Inspector-General from 1901 to 1904 and then General Officer Commanding the Commonwealth Military Force until 1907. After retiring from the British Army, Finn became secretary of the Walter and Eliza Hall Trust in Sydney, and private secretary to the Governor of New South Wales. He is buried in South Head Cemetery, Sydney.
- Major General Ewen Sinclair-Maclagan CB CMG DSO (1868-1948) was a British Army officer who served from 1901 to 1904 in the infant Australian Army and 1910-14 as drill instructor at the newly-established Royal Military College, Duntroon, before leading the 3rd Australian Brigade, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli and at France, and then the 4th Australian Division in 1917-18. His wife and daughter were Aussies. He became the brother-in-law of Major General Sir George French in 1902.
- General (later Field Marshal Lord) Sir William Birdwood GCB GCSI GCMG GCVO CIE DSO (1865-1951), who commanded the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) during the Gallipoli Campaign. Sir William's barony is, in part, Baron Birdwood of Anzac.
- Major General Sir Nevill Smyth VC KCB (1868-1941) was a decorated British Army officer who commanded the Australian 1st Brigade at Gallipoli and in France, before commanding the 2nd Australian Division. Smyth migrated to Australia following the First World War, stating 'that he regarded Australians as the finest troops with whom he had ever served, and he wanted to live among them in their country'.
- Major General Sir Henry Hodgson KCMG CB CVO (1868-1930) was a British Army officer who commanded the Imperial Mounted Division, later renamed the Australian Mounted Division in the Middle East during The Great War.
Generals of the Australian Army
|No.||Photo||Name||Birth-place||Previous Corps||Years as General||Highest rank attained||Commands||Notes|
|1||Sir John Charles Hoad KCMG||Goulburn, New South Wales||Infantry||1907-1911||MAJ GEN||Inspector General; Chief of the General Staff||observed and assisted the Japanese forces in the field during the Russo-Japanese War|
|2||Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG||Greenock, Renfrewshire, Scotland||Artillery||1914-1915||MAJ GEN||Chief of the General Staff; Royal Military College, Duntroon; Australian Imperial Force; 1st Division||held key staff appointments from federation|
|3||Gordon Legge CB CMG CGM||Hackney, London, England||Infantry||1915-1924||LT GEN||Chief of the General Staff; AN&MEF; 1st Division; 2nd Division; RMC Duntroon||strong advocate of an independent RAAF; father-son generals duo with Stanley Legge|
|4||Sir Harry Chauvel GCMG KCB||Tabulam, New South Wales||Infantry||1915-1930||General||1st Light Horse Brigade; 1st Division; ANZAC Mounted Division; Desert Mounted Corps; Chief of the General Staff||first Australian to attain ranks of Lieutenant General and General|
|5||Sir Jim McCay KCMG KBE CB||Ballynure, Antrim, Ireland||Infantry||1915-1925||LT GEN||2nd Brigade; 5th Division||created the Military Board and Army Intelligence Corps; Minister for Defence 1904-05|
|6||Sir Newton Henderson Moore KCMG VD||Fremantle, Western Australia||Infantry||1915-1917||MAJ GEN||Australian Imperial Forces in the UK||was a Mayor of Bunbury, Premier of WA, and member of the House of Commons|
|7||Sir John Monash GCMG KCB||West Melbourne, Victoria||Infantry||1916-1922||General||13th Brigade; 4th Brigade; 3rd Division; Australian Corps||considered one of the best Allied generals of the First World War|
|8||William Holmes CMG DSO VD||Paddington, New South Wales||Infantry||1917-1917||MAJ GEN||AN&MEF; 5th Brigade; 4th Division||-|
|9||Sir Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG||Pimlico, London, England||Artillery||1917-1919||LT GEN||1st Division Artillery; 5th Division; Australian Corps||deeply involved in the erection of memorials to the Australian divisions|
|10||Sir Neville Howse VC KCB KCMG||Stogursey, Somerset, England||Medical||1917-1921||MAJ GEN||AIF Medical Services||first Australian serviceman to recieve the Victoria Cross|
|11||Sir Brudenell White KCB KCMG KCVO DSO||Saint Arnaud, Victoria||Infantry||1917-1940||General||Chief of the General Staff||planned the AIF, evacuation of Gallipoli, the post-First World War army, and the Second AIF|
|12||Sir William Glasgow KCB CMG DSO VD||Tiaro, Queensland||Mounted Infantry||1918-1922||MAJ GEN||13th Brigade; 4th Division||Minister for Defence 1927-29; first Australian High Commissioner to Canada 1939-45|
|13||Sir Jack Gellibrand KCB DSO & Bar||Lleintwardeine, Tasmania||Infantry||1918-1922||MAJ GEN||6th Brigade; 12th Brigade; 3rd Division||helped to form the Hobart Remembrance Club in 1919|
|14||Edwin Tivey CB CMG DSO VD||Inglewood, Victoria||Mounted Infantry||1918-1926||MAJ GEN||5th Light Horse Brigade, 8th Brigade, 5th Division, 2nd Cavalry Division||-|
|15||George Leonard Lee CMG DSO||Maitland, New South Wales||NSW Lancers||1918-1920||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|16||Sir Granville de Laune Ryrie KCMG CB||Michelago, New South Wales||Mounted Infantry||1919-1919||MAJ GEN||2nd Light Horse Brigade; Australian Mounted Division||NSW MLA from 1900; federal MHR from 1911; High Commissioner to UK|
|17||Reginald Spence Browne CB||Appin, New South Wales||Infantry||1919-1919||MAJ GEN||5th Light Horse Brigade; 6th Brigade||-|
|18||Victor Conradsdorf Sellheim CB CMG||Balmain, New South Wales||Mounted Infantry||1919-1927||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|19||James Kenneth Mackay CB OBE VD||Wallendbeen, New South Wales||Infantry||1920-1920||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|20||James Burston||Kilmore, Victoria||Infantry||1920-1920||MAJ GEN||-||father-son Aussie generals duo with his son, MAJ GEN Sir Roy Burston|
|21||Charles Cox CB CMG DSO||Pennant Hills, New South Wales||NSW Lancers; Light Horse||1920-1923||MAJ GEN||1st Cavalry Division||-|
|22||Frederic Hughes CB VD||Brighton, Victoria||Mounted Infantry||1920-1920||MAJ GEN||3rd Light Horse Brigade||-|
|23||John Keatly Forsyth CMG||Brisbane, Queensland||Mounted Infantry||1921-1925||MAJ GEN||2nd Brigade||-|
|24||Sir Charles Rosenthal KCB CMG DSO VD||Berrima, New South Wales||Artillery||1921-1937||MAJ GEN||4th Division Artillery; 2nd Division||-|
|25||José Maria Jacobo Rafael 'Joseph' Gordon CB||Cádiz, Andalucía, Spain||Artillery||1921-1921||MAJ GEN||Military Forces of South Australia; Chief of the General Staff||was chief staff officer Overseas Colonial Forces, Second Boer War|
|26||George Jameson Johnston CB CMG CBE VD||East Melbourne, Victoria||Artillery||1922-1927||LT GEN||2nd Division Artillery; 3rd Division||-|
|27||Sir Julius Bruche KCB CMG||North Melbourne, Victoria||Infantry||1923-1935||MAJ GEN||RMC Duntroon; Chief of the General Staff||-|
|28||James Macarthur-Onslow VD||Menangle, New South Wales||Mounted Rifles||1924-1924||MAJ GEN||5th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse; 1st Light Horse Brigade||with nephew, Denzil Macarthur-Onslow, Australia's only uncle-nephew generals duo|
|29||John Macquarie Antill CB CMG||Jarvisfield, New South Wales||Mounted Rifles||1924-1924||MAJ GEN||3rd Light Horse Brigade; 16th Brigade||best known for his role in the Battle of The Nek at Gallipoli|
|30||Godfrey George Irving||Melbourne, Victoria||Infantry||1925-1925||MAJ GEN||Chief of the General Staff; 14th Brigade||-|
|31||John Gibson Paton CB CMG VD||Newcastle, New South Wales||Infantry||1926-1926||MAJ GEN||7th Brigade; 2nd Division||-|
|32||Walter Adams Coxen CB CMG DSO||Egham, Surrey, England||Artillery||1927-1931||MAJ GEN||Siege Artillery Brigade; 1st Division Artillery; Australian Corps Artillery; Chief of the General Staff||-|
|33||Harold 'Pompey' Elliott CB CMG DSO DCM VD||Charlton, Victoria||Infantry||1927-1927||MAJ GEN||15th Brigade; 3rd Division||-|
|34||Charles 'Digger' Brand CB CMG CVO DSO||Ipswich, Queensland||Infantry||1928-1933||MAJ GEN||4th Brigade; Chief of the General Staff||-|
|35||Thomas Dodds CMG CVO DSO||Gateshead, Co. Durham, England||Infantry||1930-1934||MAJ GEN||2nd Military District; 1st Division||-|
|36||Gordon Bennett CB CMG DSO||Balwyn, Victoria||Infantry||1930-1944||LT GEN||2nd Division; 8th Division||infamous for deserting his command as Singapore fell|
|37||Sir Thomas Blamey GBE KCB CMG DSO||Lake Albert, New South Wales||Infantry||1931-1951||Field Marshal||3rd Division; 1 Corps; Commander-in-Chief||only Australian to attain rank of Field Marshal (1951)|
|38||Owen Forbes Phillips CMG DSO||Warwick, Queensland||Artillery||1933-1942||MAJ GEN||5th Division Artillery; 2nd Division Artillery; 1st Division||-||yet to be connected|
|39||Dr Rupert Major Downes CMG VD||Mitcham, South Australia||Medical||1934-1945||MAJ GEN||Medical Services||son of MAJ GEN Major Downes, commandant of SA & VIC Military Forces, Australia's first father-son generals|
|40||Ernest Ker Squires CB DSO MC||Poona, India||Engineers||1935-1940||LT GEN||Chief of the General Staff||-|
|41||Sir Carl Jess CB CMG CBE DSO||Sandhurst, Victoria||Infantry||1935-1946||LT GEN||10th Brigade||rose through every rank from Private to Lieutenant General in a 44-year career|
|42||Sir John Lavarack KCMG KCVO KBE CB DSO||Kangaroo Point, Queensland||Artillery||1935-1946||LT GEN||RMC Duntroon; Chief of the General Staff; 7th Division||later appointed Governor of Queensland|
|43||John Hardie OBE DSO||Ballarat, Victoria||Infantry||1937-1942||MAJ GEN||-||-||yet to be connected|
|44||George Rankin DSO & Bar||Bamawm, Victoria||Infantry||1937-1944||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|45||Sir Vernon Sturdee KBE CB DSO||Frankston, Victoria||Engineers||1939-1950||LT GEN||8th Division Artillery; Chief of the General Staff (1940-42; 1946-50); 1st Army||-|
|46||Edward Smart DSO MC||Kew, Victoria||Artillery||1939-1946||LT GEN||-||-|
|47||Edmund Drake-Brockman CB CMG DSO||Busselton, Western Australia||Infantry||1939-1941||MAJ GEN||4th Brigade; 3rd Division||later served in the Senate 1919-1926 and then as a federal judge|
|48||Thomas Rhys Williams CMG DSO||Bundaberg, Queensland||Engineers||1939-1944||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|49||Herbert 'Bertie' Lloyd CB CMG CVO DSO ED||South Yarra, Victoria||Artillery||1940-1946||MAJ GEN||5th Division Artillery; 1st Division Artillery; 2nd Division||-||yet to be connected|
|50||Douglas Wynter CB CMG DSO||Gin Gin, Queensland||Artillery||1940-1945||LT GEN||9th Division; Lieutenant General Administration||-|
|51||Sir Roy Burston KBE CB DSO VD||Melbourne, Victoria||Medical||1940-1948||MAJ GEN||Medical Services||father-son generals duo with his father, MAJ GEN James Burston|
|52||Victor Stantke CBE||Fitzroy, Victoria||Infantry||1940-1946||MAJ GEN||-||-||yet to be connected|
|53||Robert Edward Jackson CMG DSO||Crows Nest, Queensland||Infantry||1940-1942||MAJ GEN||Northern Command; Western Command||-|
|54||Sir Iven Giffard Mackay KBE CMG||Grafton, New South Wales||Infantry||1940-46||MAJ GEN||6th Division; Home Forces; 2nd Army; New Guinea Force||High Commissioner to India 1944-48|
|55||Jim Cannan CB CMG DSO VD||Townsville, Queensland||Infantry||1940-1946||MAJ GEN||11th Brigade; Inspector General Administration; Quartermaster General||-|
|56||Sir Edmund 'Ned' Herring KCMG KBE DSO MC KStJ||Maryborough, Victoria||Artillery||1941-1949||LT GEN||6th Division; Northern Territory Force; II Corps; I Corps||-|
|57||Sir Leslie James Morshead KCB KBE||Ballarat East, Victoria||Infantry||1941-1947||LT GEN||9th Division; II Corps||-|
|58||Edward 'Ted' Milford CB CBE DSO||Prahran, Victoria||Artillery||1941-1948||MAJ GEN||5th Division; 7th Division||with grandson, Michael Milford, Aussie's first grandfather-grandson generals duo|
|59||Basil Moorhouse Morris CBE DSO||East Melbourne, Victoria||Artillery||1941-1946||MAJ GEN||ANGAU; New Guinea Force||-|
|60||John Lawrence Whitham CMG DSO||Jamālpur, West Bengal, India||Infantry||1941-1946||LT GEN||Volunteer Defence Corps, Victoria||-|
|61||Sir Horace 'Red Robbie' Robertson KBE DSO||Warrnambool, Victoria||Light Horse||1941-1954||LT GEN||1st Armoured Division; 2nd Division; 5th Division; 6th Division||-|
|62||Sir Sydney Fairbairn (Syd) Rowell KBE CB||Lockleys, South Australia||Infantry||1941-1954||LT GEN||6th Division; I Corps; Chief of the General Staff||-|
|63||Arthur Samuel 'Tubby' Allen CB CBE DSO ED||Hurstville, New South Wales||Infantry||1941-1945||MAJ GEN||7th Division||-|
|64||David Valentine Jardine Blake DSM||Prospect, New South Wales||Aust. Flying Corps||1941-1947||MAJ GEN||7th Military District||-|
|65||Charles Lloyd CBE||South Fremantle, Western Australia||Infantry||1942; 1943-46||MAJ GEN||Adjutant General||youngest Aussie general, at 42yo||yet to be connected|
|66||Sir John Northcott KCMG KCVO||Creswick, Victoria||Infantry||1941-1956||General (Hon)||1st Armoured Division; Chief of the General Staff||first Australian-born Governor of New South Wales; Acting Governor General (1951 & 1956)|
|67||David Blake||Parramatta, New South Wales||Aust. Flying Corps||1941-1947||MAJ GEN||7th Military District (Northern Teritory)||responsible for the disposal of 'The Red Baron's' remains|
|68||John Murray DSO MC||Sydney, New South Wales||Infantry||1942-1944||MAJ GEN||10th Division; 4th Division; Northern Territory Force||-||yet to be connected|
|69||Sir Clive Selwyn Steele KBE DSO MC||Canterbury, Victoria||Engineers||1942-1945||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|70||Cyril Albert Clowes CBE DSO MC||Warwick, Queensland||Artillery||1942-1946||LT GEN||1st Division; Milne Bay Force||-|
|71||Sir Stan Savige KBE CB DSO MC||Morwell, Victoria||Infantry||1942-1946||LT GEN||3rd Division; I Corps||-|
|72||Eric Clive Pegus Plant CB DSO OBE||Charters Towers, Queensland||Infantry||1942-1950||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|73||Allan Joseph Boase CBE||Gympie, Queensland||Infantry||1942-||LT GEN||AIF Ceylon (Sri Lanka); 11th Division||-|
|74||Leslie Ellis Beavis CBE DSO||Bathurst, New South Wales||Artillery||1942-1952||MAJ GEN||Master Gunner Ordnance||-|
|75||John Stewart Whitelaw CB CBE||Hawthorn, Victoria||Artillery||1942-1951||MAJ GEN||-||with son, also John Whitelaw, an Aussie father-son generals duo|
|76||George Alan Vasey CB CBE DSO and Bar||Malvern East, Victoria||Infantry||1942-1945||MAJ GEN||19th Brigade; 6th Division; 7th Division||-|
|77||John Chapman CB DSO & Bar OBE||Braidwood, New South Wales||Infantry||1942-1953||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|78||Cecil Callaghan CB CMG DSO VD||Sydney, New South Wales||Artillery||1942-1947||MAJ GEN||8th Division||-||yet to be connected|
|79||James Durrant CMG DSO||Glenelg, South Australia||Artillery||1942-1944||MAJ GEN||Queensland Lines of Communication Area; 5th Division||-||yet to be connected|
|80||Sir Frank Berryman KCVO CB CBE DSO||Geelong, Victoria||Artillery||1942-1954||LT GEN||II Corps||-|
|81||Colin Simpson CBE MC VD||Saint Kilda, Victoria||Signals||1942-||MAJ GEN||Chief Signals Officer I Corps||first Australian Corps of Signals officer to reach Major General|
|82||Sir Jack Stevens KBE CB DSO MSM ED||Daylesford, Victoria||Signals||1942-1950||MAJ GEN||4th Division; Northern Territory Force / 11th Division||-||yet to be connected|
|83||Sir George Frederick Wootten KBE CB DSO||Marrickville, New South Wales||Infantry||1943-1950||MAJ GEN||9th Division; 3rd Division||-|
|84||Sir William Bridgeford KBE CB DSO MC||Smeaton, Victoria||Infantry||1943-1954||LT GEN||5th Division||-|
|85||Sir Alan Ramsay CB CBE DSO||Windsor, Victoria||Artillery||1944-1945||MAJ GEN||5th Division||-|
|86||Kenneth Eather CB CBE DSO||Balmain, New South Wales||Infantry||1945-1946||MAJ GEN||11th Division||-|
|87||Sir Henry Wells KBE CB DSO||Kyneton, Victoria||Infantry||1946-1959||LT GEN||Chief of the Defence Force||-|
|88||Robert Harold Nimmo CBE||Brisbane, Queensland||Light Horse||1946-1954||LT GEN||-||-|
|89||Sir Robert Risson CB CBE DSO||Ma Ma Creek, Queensland||Engineers||1946-||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|90||Victor Clarence Secombe CB CBE||Glen Wills, Victoria||Engineers||1946-||LT GEN||Master Gunner Ordnance||-||yet to be connected|
|91||Warren Anderson CBE DSO||Singleton, New South Wales||Light Horse; Armoured||1947-51||MAJ GEN||Adjutant-General; Second Member of the Military Board||-|
|92||Sir Frederick 'Black Jack' Galleghan DSO OBE ISO||Jesmond, New South Wales||Infantry||1948-51||MAJ GEN||Australian Military Mission to Germany||POW at Changi|
|93||Sir Kingsley Norris KBE CB DSO||Lillydale, Victoria||Medical||1948-||MAJ GEN||Medical Services||-||yet to be connected|
|94||Selwyn Porter CBE DSO||Tintaldra, Victoria||Infantry||1948-1955||MAJ GEN||3rd Division||-|
|95||Ronald Nicholas Lamond Hopkins CBE||Stawell, Victoria||Armoured||1948-||MAJ GEN||2nd Division||-|
|96||Sir Victor Windeyer KBE CB DSO & Bar||Hunters Hill, New South Wales||Infantry||1950-1957||MAJ GEN||RMC Duntroon||-|
|97||Rudolph Bierwirth CBE||Kent Town, South Australia||Infantry||1950-1957||LT GEN||British Commonwealth Forces Korea||-||yet to be connected|
|98||Sir Eric Woodward KCMG KCVO CB CBE DSO||Hay, New South Wales||Infantry||1951-1957||LT GEN||-||later Governor of New South Wales|
|99||Sir Ragnar Garrett KBE CB||Northam, Western Australia||Light Horse||1951-1960||LT GEN||Southern Command; Chief of the General Staff||-|
|100||Sir Ivan Dougherty||Leadville, New South Wales||Infantry||1952-1957||MAJ GEN||2nd Division; CMF member of the Military Board||-|
|101||Heathcote 'Tack' Hammer CBE DSO & Bar ED||Southern Cross, Western Australia||Infantry||1953-1956||MAJ GEN||2nd Armoured Division; 3rd Division||-|
|102||Ian Ross Campbell CBE DSO||Moss Vale, New South Wales||Infantry||1953-1957||MAJ GEN||RMC Duntroon||-|
|103||Hector Edgar CBE DSO||Mt Korong, Victoria||Infantry||1954-1963||LT GEN||Deputy Chief of the General Staff; Southern Command; Eastern Command||-|
|104||Arthur Wilson CBE DSO||Sydney, New South Wales||Artillery||1954-1957||MAJ GEN||Central Command||-|
|105||Derek Deighton AO MBE||Kandy, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)||Infantry; Transport||-1957||MAJ GEN||Logistics Command||-|
|106||Sir Reginald Pollard KCVO KBE CB DSO||Bathurst, New South Wales||Infantry||1953-1963||LT GEN||British Commonwealth Forces Korea; Chief of the General Staff||-|
|107||Stanley Legge CBE||Turramurra, New South Wales||Infantry||1950s-1957||MAJ GEN||-||father-son generals duo with James Legge|
|108||Sir Denzil Macarthur-Onslow CBE DSO ED||Whataupoko, Poverty Bay, New Zealand||Armoured||1955-1961||MAJ GEN||4th Armoured Brigade; 1st Armoured Brigade; 2nd Division; CMF member on the Military Board||with uncle, James Macarthur-Onslow, Australia's only uncle-nephew generals duo|
|109||Ronald McNicoll CBE AM||Melbourne, Victoria||Engineers||1956-1964||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|110||Sir John Wilton KBE CB DSO||Strawberry Hills, New South Wales||Infantry||1957-1970||General||RMC Duntroon; Chief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Force||first Gen. since Blamey; achieved an integrated defence organisation|
|111||John Stevenson CBE||Bondi, New South Wales||Infantry||1957-1959||MAJ GEN||2nd Division|||
|112||Sir Tom Daly KBE CB DSO||Ballarat, Victoria||Infantry||1959-1971||LT GEN||Chief of the General Staff||-|
|113||Sir Mervyn Brogan KBE CB||Crows Nest, New South Wales||Infantry||1962-1973||LT GEN||Chief of the General Staff||-|
|114||Paul Cullen AC DSO||Newcastle, New South Wales||Infantry||1962-1966||MAJ GEN||Military Board as CMF member||first Australian general of Jewish descent since Monash|
|115||Robert William Knights CB CBE||Canberra, Australian Capital Territory||Infantry||1963-1969||MAJ GEN||RMC Duntroon||-|
|116||Sir Francis "Frank" Hassett AC KBE CB DSO LVO||Marrickville, New South Wales||Infantry||1963-1977||General||Chief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Force||-|
|117||Charles Edward Long||Moonah, Tasmania||Infantry||1965-1970||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|118||Kenneth Mackay CB MBE||Waverley, New South Wales||Infantry||1966-1974||MAJ GEN||Australian Forces, Vietnam; 1st Division||-|
|119||John Broadbent CBE DSO||Manly, New South Wales||Infantry||1966-1967||MAJ GEN||2nd Division||-|
|120||Douglas Timothy Vincent CB AM OBE||Kurri Kurri, New South Wales||Infantry||1967-1973||MAJ GEN||Australian Force Vietnam||-|
|121||Sir Arthur MacDonald KBE CB||Rockhampton, Queensland||Infantry||1968-1976||General||Chief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Force Staff||-|
|122||Colin Fraser CB CBE||Nairobi, Kenya||Infantry||1969-1978||MAJ GEN||RMC Duntroon||-|
|123||Robert Arthur Hay CB MBE||Bendigo, Victoria||Infantry||1969-1977||MAJ GEN||Australian Military Forces, Vietnam; RMC Duntroon||-|
|124||Stuart Clarence Graham AO DSO OBE MC||Ulmarra, New South Wales||Infantry||1969-1977||MAJ GEN||6th Task Force; 1st Task Force; 1st Division||-|
|125||Norman Vickery CBE MC||Canterbury, New South Wales||Artillery||1969-1974||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|126||Sir Donald Dunstan AC KBE CB||Murray Bridge, South Australia||Infantry||1970-1982||LT GEN||Australian Forces in Vietnam; Chief of the General Staff||30th and longest-serving Governor of South Australia|
|127||Cedric 'Sandy' Pearson AO DSO OBE MC||Kurri Kurri, New South Wales||Infantry||1970-1975||MAJ GEN||1st Task Force; RMC Duntroon||-|
|128||William Henderson AO DSO OBE||Clifton Hill, Victoria||Infantry||1970s-1976||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|129||Gordon Maitland AO OBE RFD||Rockdale, New South Wales||Infantry||1974-1982||MAJ GEN||2nd Division; Chief of the Army Reserve||-|
|130||Bruce McDonald AO DSO OBE MC||Geelong, Victoria||Infantry||1975-1977||MAJ GEN||1st Division; Training Command||-|
|131||John Whitelaw AO CBE||Hawthorn, Victoria||Artillery||1970s-1977||MAJ GEN||Chief of Operations; Chief of Personnel; Deputy Chief of the General Staff||with father, also John Whitelaw, an Aussie father-son generals duo|
|132||Alan Stretton AO CBE||Melbourne, Victoria||Infantry||1970s-1979||MAJ GEN||-||later director-general of the Natural Disasters Organisation|
|133||Alan 'Alby' Morrison||Haberfield, New South Wales||Infantry||1970s-1981||MAJ GEN||RMC Duntroon; Chief of Personnel||his son, LT GEN John Morrison, later made them a father-son Australian generals duo|
|134||Ronald Hughes CBE DSO||Kensington, South Australia||Infantry||1974-1977||MAJ GEN||1st Division; Chief of the Reserve||brother of MAJ GEN Jim Hughes|
|135||John Stevenson AO CBE||Australia||Artillery||1976-1982||MAJ GEN||Logistic Command||-|
|136||Sir Philip Bennett AC KBE DSO||Perth, Western Australia||Infantry||1977-1987||General||1st Division; Chief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Force||later Governor of Tasmania|
|137||Peter Gration AC OBE||Richmond, Victoria||Engineers||1980s-1993||General||Chief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Force||-|
|138||William 'Digger' James AC MBE MC||Shepparton, Victoria||Medical||1981-1984||MAJ GEN||director-general Army Health Services||credited with reshaping and modernising the Army Health Services|
|139||Kevin Latchford AO||Australia||Armoured||1981-1984||MAJ GEN||National Disaster Organisation||-|
|140||David Matheson Butler AO DSO||Guildford, Western Australia||Infantry||1982-84||MAJ GEN||1 Task Force; OCS Portsea; Training Command||-|
|141||Lawrence O'Donnell AC||Quairading, Western Australia||Infantry||1984-1990||LT GEN||Field Force Command; Land Command; Chief of the General Staff||-|
|142||Michael Jeffery AC CVO MC||Wiluna, Western Australia||Infantry||1985-93||MAJ GEN||Special AIr Service Regiment; 1st Division; Deputy Chief of the General Staff||Governor of Western Australia; Governor General of Australia|
|143||James Barry AM MBE RFD ED||Melbourne, Victoria||CMF||1985-1987||MAJ GEN||3rd Division||Australian Gymnastic Federation; International Federation of Gymnastics|
|144||James 'Jim' Hughes DSO MC||Norwood, South Australia||Infantry||1980s-1986||MAJ GEN||1st Division; Chief of the Reserve||brother of MAJ GEN Ronald Hughes|
|145||John Coates AC MBE||Adelaide, South Australia||Infantry||1987-1992||LT GEN||assistant Chief of the Defence Force (Policy); Chief of the General Staff||-|
|146||John Baker AC DSM||Melbourne, Victoria||Infantry||1987-1998||General||Chief of the Defence Force||oversaw biggest services structural shake-up since the Second World War.|
|147||John Grey AC||Sydney, New South Wales||Armoured||1989-1995||LT GEN||Chief of the General Staff||-|
|148||John Sanderson AC||Geraldton, Western Australia||Engineers||1989-1998||LT GEN||Chief of the Army||Governor of Western Australia|
|149||Francis 'Frank' Hickling AO CSC||Gosford, New South Wales||Engineers||1990-2000||LT GEN||Northern Command; Training Command; ADFA; Land Command; Chief of the Army||-|
|150||Peter Arnison AC CVO||-||Infantry||1994-1996||MAJ GEN||Land Command||Governor of Queensland|
|151||Duncan Francis AO OBE||Perth, Western Australia||Infantry||-1994||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|152||Sir Peter Cosgrove AK CVO MC||Sydney, New South Wales||Infantry||1998-2005||General||1st Division; INTERFET; Chief of the Army; Chief of the Defence Force||Governor-General of Australia|
|153||Peter Leahy AC||Melbourne, Victoria||Infantry||2000-2008||LT GEN||Chief of the Army||-|
|154||David Hurley AC DSC||Wollongong, New South Wales||Infantry||2001-2014||General||Capability Systems Division; Land Command; Chief of Joint Operations; Chief of the Defence Force||Governor of New South Wales; Governor-General of Australia|
|155||Ken Gillespie AC DSC CSM||Brisbane, Queensland||Engineers||2004-2011||LT GEN||Land Command; Chief of the Army||-|
|156||David Morrison AO||Cairns, Queensland||Infantry||2005-2015||LT GEN||Australian Defence College; Forces Command; Chief of the Army||father-son Aussie generals duo with MAJ GEN Alby Morrison|
|157||Michael Clifford AM CSC||Australia||Signals||-2013||MAJ GEN||-||-|
|158||Angus Campbell AO DSC||New South Wales||Infantry||2011-current||General||Joint Task Force 633; Operation Sovereign Borders; Chief of the Army; Chief of the Defence Force||-|
|159||Richard 'Rick' Burr AO DSC MVO||Renmark, South Australia||Infantry||2011-current||LT GEN||1st Division; Chief of the Army||-|
|160||Simone Wilkie nee Burt AO||Ballarat, Victoria||Signals||2013-18||MAJ GEN||Australian Defence College||-|
Elizabeth Cosson AM CSC (1958-living) became Australia's first female general when she was promoted Major General in 2007. She retired from the army in 2010 and, as of 2020, is Secretary of the Department of Veterans' Affairs.
General Sir John Winthrop Hackett GCB CBE DSO & Bar MC MA BLitt (1910-97) was a Western Australian-born British general and nephew of Australia's Major General Senator Edmund Drake-Brockman. Hackett's ashes are interred at Karrakatta Cemetery, Perth.
The Australian Army has, as at 2020, three Lieutenant Generals and 22 Major Generals. At a generals to servicepeople ratio of 1 : 2,200, this number is regarded as one of the most bloated 'general's clubs' in the western world.
Commonwealth Headquarters Staff 1904
|Commonwealth Headquarters Staff 1904|
Back row, left to right: Captain Percy Neville Buckley; Commander (later Sir) Samuel Augustus Pethebridge (Secretary for Defence); Surgeon General Sir William Daniel Williams (Director General Medical Services); F Savage Esq.
Front row: Colonel Haviland Le Mesurier (Chief of Ordnance); Colonel (later Major General) John C Hoad (Deputy Adjutant General); Lieutenant Colonel (later Lieutenant General) James W McCay (Minister for Defence; Chairman); Colonel (later Major General) William Throsby Bridges (Chief of Intelligence), J A Thompson Esq. (Civil and Finance Member). 
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Useful information on other websites
- Australian Army: Commissioned Officer Insignia; accessed 9 May 2018.
- Australian Honours; accessed 18 Apr 2019.
- Australian War Memorial; accessed 18 Apr 2019.
- Department of Veterans' Affairs nominal rolls; accessed 18 Apr 2019.
- Wikipedia: List of Australian Army Generals (incomplete); accessed 9 May 2018.
- ↑ Hopley, J B. 'Stevenson, John Rowlstone (1908–1971)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, published first in hardcopy 2002 accessed online 25 May 2020]
- ↑ Stockings, Craig. The Making And Breaking Of The Post-federation Australian Army, 1901–09. Land Warfare Studies Centre, Canberra, July 2007; accessed 17 Oct 2019