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Australian Army Generals

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Australian Army Generals

Australian Army Generals aims to honour the lives of Australia's senior soldiers, recognising them as one of the key groups of people in Australia's development. Some 160 deceased Australian Army generals have been identified and have profiles on WikiTree (some 60 more are still serving or living). Many generals are Notables. Many have gone on to carve out careers as diplomats, philanthropists, businessmen, doctors, politicians, voluntary workers and even farmers. The intention is to extend the project to include RAN Admirals and RAAF Air Marshals at a later date. For the purpose of this category, generals include all those who attained the ranks of Field Marshal, General, Lieutenant General and Major General of all eras. Although classified as generals until 1921, Brigadier Generals of the First World War have been excluded to maintain continuity with later eras.

Any Project Protected or Project Managed profiles are cared for by the Australia Project.

like to help?

Australian Army Generals is a sub project of Australia Project, managed by the Military_and_War Project, Team Leader Juha Soini. Project Co-ordinator is Ken Evans. If you would like to participate in this project, please add your name below under current helpers, or send an advice to Ken Evans, asking to have your name listed here. If you like, let us know beside your name whose profile/s you will work on.

Current helpers:

  • Ken Evans: am working through profiles in a disorganised manner, improving bios, adding categories and sources, and connecting profiles to the main tree.
  • Roger Davey

We do need people to help add to the Tree by 'having-a-go' at the following tasks:

  • biography cleaned up where profiles already exist, using the WikiTree Style Guide; if possible note anything else the general did in his / her community; not whether military service was a family trait, i.e., did father, siblings, children also serve (can work with Profile Improvement Project for help)
  • give Notables recognition as and where appropriate (ask Notables Project if help is required)
  • connect profiles to the main WikiTree family tree; which may require research into many family member profiles (we can ask the Connectors Project for help)
  • action maintenance categories by finding relevant sources and improving profile biographies. Category: Australia, Unsourced Profiles
  • categorise generals by military college/s attended, unit/s commanded, major honours, and any war in which they might have been of general rank. As well as Australian Army Generals, profiles may require adding to:
[Category: Australian Army Generals, World War I|Australian Army Generals, World War I]
[Category: Australian Army Generals, World War II|Australian Army Generals, World War II]
[Category: Australian Army Generals, Korean War|Australian Army Generals, Korean War]
[Category: Australian Army Generals, Vietnam War|Australian Army Generals, Vietnam War]

note on sourcing proof of service

  1. when possible, cite military or pension records for proof of service, e.g., Department of Veterans' Affairs, Australian War Memorial, Australian Honours.
  2. remember, we're a genealogy project, so please add genealogical information to profiles, e.g., add parents, siblings, spouse, children, grandparents, etc; keep going until the profile is connected to the Tree.
  3. then there is the additional details that bring the profile 'alive', where did he live, what else did he do beside the military, with whom did he associate, what were his interests and hobbies?
  4. always include whatever source you have, whether primary or secondary; it will help future researchers.
  5. please follow the style guidelines

note on collaborating

When collaborating on a profile:

  1. leave comments in the message boxes on the profile
  2. do not delete messages
  3. focus on the Sources and not the character of the profile managers or other members
  4. post a question in g2g if you need genealogy help or sources.
  5. give others the benefit of the doubt

Practical information about generals

insignia of Field Marshal,
showing crown and batons

ranks

The senior, or general, ranks in the Australian Army are (in descending order):

  • Field Marshal - the current holder of the rank of Field Marshal, in an honorary and ceremonial capacity, is HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, prince-consort to the Queen of Australia, Her Majesty Elizabeth II. His insignia is a St Edward's Crown with crossed batons over a wreath (see illustration).
  • General - is the second-highest rank, and the highest active rank, of the Australian Army and considered a four-star rank. His insignia is a Crown, Star and crossed sword & baton (see below). The rank of general is held when an army officer is appointed Chief of the Defence Force.
  • Lieutenant General - is considered a three-star rank and is held by the Chief of Army, the Vice Chief of the Defence Force, the Chief of Joint Operations, and the Chief of Capability Development. His insignia is a Crown and crossed sword & baton (see below).
  • Major General - is considered to be equivalent to a two-star rank. His insignia is a Star and crossed sword & baton (see below). A Major General commands a division or the equivalent.
  • As stated above, we have excluded the 1901 to 1921 rank of Brigadier General from this category to maintain continuity with later eras (with the name change to Brigadier, this rank became associated with the field officer ranks of Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel).
insignia of a General,
showing star, crown
and sword / baton

insignia

The General rank insignia, identical to those of the British Army excepting for the title 'Australia', comprise one or more of three symbols:

  • the Crown of St Edward; as also worn by Majors, Lieutenant Colonels, Colonels and Brigadiers.
  • the Star of the Order of the Bath, or 'pip' as it is colloquially known; as worn by Second Lieutenants, Lieutenants, Captains, Lieutenant Colonels and Brigadiers.
  • a crossed Mameluke Sword and Baton.


And who are Australia's Generals?

This section is being developed and will concentrate on their senior commands and service in the ranks of the generals.

British Army Generals serving Australia

MAJ GEN Lachlan Macquarie

The first general to serve on the Australian continent was Lachlan Macquarie CB, the fifth governor of the British Colony of New South Wales from 1810 to 1822 (which then encompassed everywhere from the tip of Cape York to the southern point of Van Dieman's Land, west for half of the continent and east to Norfolk Island). Macquarie arrived as a Lieutenant Colonel in command of his 1st Battalion, 73rd Regiment of Foot, however was promoted to Colonel upon assuming his vice-regal duties on 1st January 1810 with the battalion placed under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Maurice O'Connell (who would marry Mary Putland, the widowed daughter of former Governor of New South Wales Vice Admiral William Bligh RN). Macquarie was subsequently promoted to Brigadier General in 1811 and then to Major General in 1813. Of course, he served in the capacity of governor and not as a military commander. Macquarie retired to Britain, where he died in 1824 at St James London and was entombed at Isle of Mull, Argyllshire; with the family tomb administered by the National Trust of Australia. Macquarie was succeeded as governor by Major General Sir Thomas Brisbane from 1821-25, Lieutenant General Sir Ralph Darling KCB 1825-31, and Major General Sir Richard Bourke KCB 1831-37.

  • Major General Sir Maurice O'Connell KCH (1766-1848) returned to New South Wales in 1838 to assume command of the forces in the Colony of New South Wales (then still inclusive of today's Victoria and Queensland), Van Diemen's Land and New Zealand. In November 1841, he was promoted to Lieutenant General. O'Connell was also appointed to the Legislative Council and served as Acting Governor. He retired to his New South Wales properties in 1847, passing away in Sydney a year later.
  • Major General Edward Wynyard CB (1788-1864) succeeded O'Connell in 1847 as commander of the forces in New South Wales, Van Diemen's Land and New Zealand. His return to Britain in 1853 followed the separation of Victoria as a British Colony. His steady opposition to every proposal for the British government for the reduction of troops under his command was justified in 1851 when gold was discovered and each colony began to clamour for protection. Wynyard's invaluable service within Australia is commemorated through the locale of Wynyard, Sydney, and the town of Wynyard in northern Tasmania.

Australia's defence continued to be dependent upon British forces until 1870 and then the Colonial Military Forces of the six independent colonies (listed alphabetically) New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia, each of which were commanded by British Army officers seconded to the respective Colony:

  • Colonel (Major General from 1884) Major Francis Downes CMG (1834-1923), commanded the South Australia Military Force (1877-85; 1888-99) and the Victorian Military Force (1899-1902). He also served as the Victorian secretary of defence (1885-88). Downes remained in Australia, included on the Australian retired List, passing away at his home in Brighton, Victoria. His son was Major General Rupert Downes CMG, Director General of Medical Services; Australia's first father-son generals.
  • Major General John Soame Richardson CB (1836-96), commandant of New South Wales Military Force 1870 to 1892, leading the NSW contingent to the Sudan Campaign. He was a veteran of the Crimean and Maori Wars. He migrated to NSW in 1865, marrying and raising his family in his adopted home. Promoted to Major General in 1885 and retired in 1892; Richardson passed away, too soon, at his home at Leichhardt, in Sydney's inner west.
  • Major General (later) Sir George French was commandant of the New South Wales Military Force; succeeding John Soame Richardson from 1896, having previously been commandant of the Queensland Force from 1883 to 1891. He retired to England in September 1902. French became the brother-in-law of Major General Ewen Sinclair-Maclagan in 1902.
  • Major General Sir Charles Holled Smith KCMG CB (1847-1925), commandant of the Victorian Military Force 1894-99. A veteran of the Zulu and Boer Wars, Egyptian War, Nile Expedition, Soudan, Suakin, and Tokar. Retired to England.

Even following Federation in 1901 and the establishment of the Australian Military Force in March that year, Australia remained dependent on seconded British officers until such time as we could develop our own military leaders:

  • Major General (later Lieutenant General) Sir Edward Hutton (1848-1923), a British military commander who pioneered the use of mounted infantry; commanded the 1st Mounted Infantry Brigade in South Africa, a formation made up of Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand troops; and from 1902 to 1904 was the first General Officer Commanding Australia's Commonwealth Military Force, of which he created both a field force and a garrison force, and transformed various colonial cavalry and mounted units into the famous Light Horse.
  • Major General Harry Finn CB DCM (1852-1924) was a British Army officer who served in the infant Australian Army as Inspector-General from 1901 to 1904 and then General Officer Commanding the Commonwealth Military Force until 1907. After retiring from the British Army, Finn became secretary of the Walter and Eliza Hall Trust in Sydney, and private secretary to the Governor of New South Wales. He is buried in South Head Cemetery, Sydney.
  • Major General Ewen Sinclair-Maclagan CB CMG DSO (1868-1948) was a British Army officer who served from 1901 to 1904 in the infant Australian Army and 1910-14 as drill instructor at the newly-established Royal Military College, Duntroon, before leading the 3rd Australian Brigade, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli and at France, and then the 4th Australian Division in 1917-18. His wife and daughter were Aussies. He became the brother-in-law of Major General Sir George French in 1902.
  • General (later Field Marshal Lord) Sir William Birdwood GCB GCSI GCMG GCVO CIE DSO (1865-1951), who commanded the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) during the Gallipoli Campaign. Sir William's barony is, in part, Baron Birdwood of Anzac.
  • Major General Sir Nevill Smyth VC KCB (1868-1941) was a decorated British Army officer who commanded the Australian 1st Brigade at Gallipoli and in France, before commanding the 2nd Australian Division. Smyth migrated to Australia following the First World War, stating 'that he regarded Australians as the finest troops with whom he had ever served, and he wanted to live among them in their country'.
  • Major General Sir Henry Hodgson KCMG CB CVO (1868-1930) was a British Army officer who commanded the Imperial Mounted Division, later renamed the Australian Mounted Division in the Middle East during The Great War.

Generals of the Australian Army

No. Photo Name Birth-place Previous Corps Years as General Highest rank attained Commands Notes
1Sir John Charles Hoad KCMGGoulburn, New South WalesInfantry1907-1911
MAJ GENInspector General; Chief of the General Staffobserved and assisted the Japanese forces in the field during the Russo-Japanese War
2Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMGGreenock, Renfrewshire, ScotlandArtillery1914-1915
MAJ GENChief of the General Staff; Royal Military College, Duntroon; Australian Imperial Force; 1st Divisionheld key staff appointments from federation
3Gordon Legge CB CMG CGMHackney, London, EnglandInfantry1915-1924LT GENChief of the General Staff; AN&MEF; 1st Division; 2nd Division; RMC Duntroonstrong advocate of an independent RAAF; father-son generals duo with Stanley Legge
4Sir Harry Chauvel GCMG KCBTabulam, New South WalesInfantry1915-1930General1st Light Horse Brigade; 1st Division; ANZAC Mounted Division; Desert Mounted Corps; Chief of the General Stafffirst Australian to attain ranks of Lieutenant General and General
5Sir Jim McCay KCMG KBE CBBallynure, Antrim, IrelandInfantry1915-1925LT GEN2nd Brigade; 5th Divisioncreated the Military Board and Army Intelligence Corps; Minister for Defence 1904-05
6Sir Newton Henderson Moore KCMG VDFremantle, Western AustraliaInfantry1915-1917MAJ GENAustralian Imperial Forces in the UKwas a Mayor of Bunbury, Premier of WA, and member of the House of Commons
7Sir John Monash GCMG KCBWest Melbourne, VictoriaInfantry1916-1922General13th Brigade; 4th Brigade; 3rd Division; Australian Corpsconsidered one of the best Allied generals of the First World War
8William Holmes CMG DSO VDPaddington, New South WalesInfantry1917-1917
MAJ GENAN&MEF; 5th Brigade; 4th Division-
9Sir Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMGPimlico, London, EnglandArtillery1917-1919LT GEN1st Division Artillery; 5th Division; Australian Corpsdeeply involved in the erection of memorials to the Australian divisions
10Sir Neville Howse VC KCB KCMGStogursey, Somerset, EnglandMedical1917-1921MAJ GENAIF Medical Servicesfirst Australian serviceman to recieve the Victoria Cross
11Sir Brudenell White KCB KCMG KCVO DSOSaint Arnaud, VictoriaInfantry1917-1940
GeneralChief of the General Staffplanned the AIF, evacuation of Gallipoli, the post-First World War army, and the Second AIF
12Sir William Glasgow KCB CMG DSO VDTiaro, QueenslandMounted Infantry1918-1922MAJ GEN13th Brigade; 4th DivisionMinister for Defence 1927-29; first Australian High Commissioner to Canada 1939-45
13Sir Jack Gellibrand KCB DSO & BarLleintwardeine, TasmaniaInfantry1918-1922MAJ GEN6th Brigade; 12th Brigade; 3rd Divisionhelped to form the Hobart Remembrance Club in 1919
14Edwin Tivey CB CMG DSO VDInglewood, VictoriaMounted Infantry1918-1926MAJ GEN5th Light Horse Brigade, 8th Brigade, 5th Division, 2nd Cavalry Division-
15George Leonard Lee CMG DSOMaitland, New South WalesNSW Lancers1918-1920MAJ GEN--
16Sir Granville de Laune Ryrie KCMG CBMichelago, New South WalesMounted Infantry1919-1919MAJ GEN2nd Light Horse Brigade; Australian Mounted DivisionNSW MLA from 1900; federal MHR from 1911; High Commissioner to UK
17Reginald Spence Browne CBAppin, New South WalesInfantry1919-1919MAJ GEN5th Light Horse Brigade; 6th Brigade-
18Victor Conradsdorf Sellheim CB CMGBalmain, New South WalesMounted Infantry1919-1927MAJ GEN--
19James Kenneth Mackay CB OBE VDWallendbeen, New South WalesInfantry1920-1920MAJ GEN--
20James BurstonKilmore, VictoriaInfantry1920-1920MAJ GEN-father-son Aussie generals duo with his son, MAJ GEN Sir Roy Burston
21Charles Cox CB CMG DSOPennant Hills, New South WalesNSW Lancers; Light Horse1920-1923MAJ GEN1st Cavalry Division-
22Frederic Hughes CB VDBrighton, VictoriaMounted Infantry1920-1920MAJ GEN3rd Light Horse Brigade-
23John Keatly Forsyth CMGBrisbane, QueenslandMounted Infantry1921-1925MAJ GEN2nd Brigade-
24Sir Charles Rosenthal KCB CMG DSO VDBerrima, New South WalesArtillery1921-1937MAJ GEN4th Division Artillery; 2nd Division-
25José Maria Jacobo Rafael 'Joseph' Gordon CBCádiz, Andalucía, SpainArtillery1921-1921MAJ GENMilitary Forces of South Australia; Chief of the General Staffwas chief staff officer Overseas Colonial Forces, Second Boer War
26George Jameson Johnston CB CMG CBE VDEast Melbourne, VictoriaArtillery1922-1927LT GEN2nd Division Artillery; 3rd Division-
27Sir Julius Bruche KCB CMGNorth Melbourne, VictoriaInfantry1923-1935MAJ GENRMC Duntroon; Chief of the General Staff-
28James Macarthur-Onslow VDMenangle, New South WalesMounted Rifles1924-1924MAJ GEN5th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse; 1st Light Horse Brigadewith nephew, Denzil Macarthur-Onslow, Australia's only uncle-nephew generals duo
29John Macquarie Antill CB CMGJarvisfield, New South WalesMounted Rifles1924-1924MAJ GEN3rd Light Horse Brigade; 16th Brigadebest known for his role in the Battle of The Nek at Gallipoli
30Godfrey George IrvingMelbourne, VictoriaInfantry1925-1925MAJ GENChief of the General Staff; 14th Brigade-
31John Gibson Paton CB CMG VDNewcastle, New South WalesInfantry1926-1926MAJ GEN7th Brigade; 2nd Division-
32Walter Adams Coxen CB CMG DSOEgham, Surrey, EnglandArtillery1927-1931MAJ GENSiege Artillery Brigade; 1st Division Artillery; Australian Corps Artillery; Chief of the General Staff-
33Harold 'Pompey' Elliott CB CMG DSO DCM VDCharlton, VictoriaInfantry1927-1927MAJ GEN15th Brigade; 3rd Division-
34Charles 'Digger' Brand CB CMG CVO DSOIpswich, QueenslandInfantry1928-1933MAJ GEN4th Brigade; Chief of the General Staff-
35Thomas Dodds CMG CVO DSOGateshead, Co. Durham, EnglandInfantry1930-1934MAJ GEN2nd Military District; 1st Division-
36Gordon Bennett CB CMG DSOBalwyn, VictoriaInfantry1930-1944LT GEN2nd Division; 8th Divisioninfamous for deserting his command as Singapore fell
37Sir Thomas Blamey GBE KCB CMG DSOLake Albert, New South WalesInfantry1931-1951Field Marshal3rd Division; 1 Corps; Commander-in-Chiefonly Australian to attain rank of Field Marshal (1951)
38Owen Forbes Phillips CMG DSOWarwick, QueenslandArtillery1933-1942MAJ GEN5th Division Artillery; 2nd Division Artillery; 1st Division-yet to be connected
39Dr Rupert Major Downes CMG VDMitcham, South AustraliaMedical1934-1945MAJ GENMedical Servicesson of MAJ GEN Major Downes, commandant of SA & VIC Military Forces, Australia's first father-son generals
40Ernest Ker Squires CB DSO MCPoona, IndiaEngineers1935-1940LT GENChief of the General Staff-
41Sir Carl Jess CB CMG CBE DSOSandhurst, VictoriaInfantry1935-1946LT GEN10th Brigaderose through every rank from Private to Lieutenant General in a 44-year career
42Sir John Lavarack KCMG KCVO KBE CB DSOKangaroo Point, QueenslandArtillery1935-1946LT GENRMC Duntroon; Chief of the General Staff; 7th Divisionlater appointed Governor of Queensland
43John Hardie OBE DSOBallarat, VictoriaInfantry1937-1942MAJ GEN--yet to be connected
44George Rankin DSO & BarBamawm, VictoriaInfantry1937-1944MAJ GEN--
45Sir Vernon Sturdee KBE CB DSOFrankston, VictoriaEngineers1939-1950LT GEN8th Division Artillery; Chief of the General Staff (1940-42; 1946-50); 1st Army-
46Edward Smart DSO MCKew, VictoriaArtillery1939-1946LT GEN--
47Edmund Drake-Brockman CB CMG DSOBusselton, Western AustraliaInfantry1939-1941MAJ GEN4th Brigade; 3rd Divisionlater served in the Senate 1919-1926 and then as a federal judge
48Thomas Rhys Williams CMG DSOBundaberg, QueenslandEngineers1939-1944MAJ GEN--
49Herbert 'Bertie' Lloyd CB CMG CVO DSO EDSouth Yarra, VictoriaArtillery1940-1946MAJ GEN5th Division Artillery; 1st Division Artillery; 2nd Division-yet to be connected
50Douglas Wynter CB CMG DSOGin Gin, QueenslandArtillery1940-1945LT GEN9th Division; Lieutenant General Administration-
51Sir Roy Burston KBE CB DSO VDMelbourne, VictoriaMedical1940-1948MAJ GENMedical Servicesfather-son generals duo with his father, MAJ GEN James Burston
52Victor Stantke CBEFitzroy, VictoriaInfantry1940-1946MAJ GEN--yet to be connected
53Robert Edward Jackson CMG DSOCrows Nest, QueenslandInfantry1940-1942MAJ GENNorthern Command; Western Command-
54Sir Iven Giffard Mackay KBE CMGGrafton, New South WalesInfantry1940-46MAJ GEN6th Division; Home Forces; 2nd Army; New Guinea ForceHigh Commissioner to India 1944-48
55Jim Cannan CB CMG DSO VDTownsville, QueenslandInfantry1940-1946MAJ GEN11th Brigade; Inspector General Administration; Quartermaster General-
56Sir Edmund 'Ned' Herring KCMG KBE DSO MC KStJMaryborough, VictoriaArtillery1941-1949LT GEN6th Division; Northern Territory Force; II Corps; I Corps-
57Sir Leslie James Morshead KCB KBEBallarat East, VictoriaInfantry1941-1947LT GEN9th Division; II Corps-
58Edward 'Ted' Milford CB CBE DSOPrahran, VictoriaArtillery1941-1948MAJ GEN5th Division; 7th Divisionwith grandson, Michael Milford, Aussie's first grandfather-grandson generals duo
59Basil Moorhouse Morris CBE DSOEast Melbourne, VictoriaArtillery1941-1946MAJ GENANGAU; New Guinea Force-
60John Lawrence Whitham CMG DSOJamālpur, West Bengal, IndiaInfantry1941-1946LT GENVolunteer Defence Corps, Victoria-
61Sir Horace 'Red Robbie' Robertson KBE DSOWarrnambool, VictoriaLight Horse1941-1954LT GEN1st Armoured Division; 2nd Division; 5th Division; 6th Division-
62Sir Sydney Fairbairn (Syd) Rowell KBE CBLockleys, South AustraliaInfantry1941-1954LT GEN6th Division; I Corps; Chief of the General Staff-
63Arthur Samuel 'Tubby' Allen CB CBE DSO EDHurstville, New South WalesInfantry1941-1945MAJ GEN7th Division-
64David Valentine Jardine Blake DSMProspect, New South WalesAust. Flying Corps1941-1947MAJ GEN7th Military District-
65Charles Lloyd CBESouth Fremantle, Western AustraliaInfantry1942; 1943-46MAJ GENAdjutant Generalyoungest Aussie general, at 42yoyet to be connected
66Sir John Northcott KCMG KCVOCreswick, VictoriaInfantry1941-1956General (Hon)1st Armoured Division; Chief of the General Stafffirst Australian-born Governor of New South Wales; Acting Governor General (1951 & 1956)
67David BlakeParramatta, New South WalesAust. Flying Corps1941-1947MAJ GEN7th Military District (Northern Teritory)responsible for the disposal of 'The Red Baron's' remains
68John Murray DSO MCSydney, New South WalesInfantry1942-1944MAJ GEN10th Division; 4th Division; Northern Territory Force-yet to be connected
69Sir Clive Selwyn Steele KBE DSO MCCanterbury, VictoriaEngineers1942-1945MAJ GEN--
70Cyril Albert Clowes CBE DSO MCWarwick, QueenslandArtillery1942-1946LT GEN1st Division; Milne Bay Force-
71Sir Stan Savige KBE CB DSO MCMorwell, VictoriaInfantry1942-1946LT GEN3rd Division; I Corps-
72Eric Clive Pegus Plant CB DSO OBECharters Towers, QueenslandInfantry1942-1950MAJ GEN--
73Allan Joseph Boase CBEGympie, QueenslandInfantry1942-LT GENAIF Ceylon (Sri Lanka); 11th Division-
74Leslie Ellis Beavis CBE DSOBathurst, New South WalesArtillery1942-1952MAJ GENMaster Gunner Ordnance-
75John Stewart Whitelaw CB CBEHawthorn, VictoriaArtillery1942-1951MAJ GEN-with son, also John Whitelaw, an Aussie father-son generals duo
76George Alan Vasey CB CBE DSO and BarMalvern East, VictoriaInfantry1942-1945
MAJ GEN19th Brigade; 6th Division; 7th Division-
77John Chapman CB DSO & Bar OBEBraidwood, New South WalesInfantry1942-1953MAJ GEN--
78Cecil Callaghan CB CMG DSO VDSydney, New South WalesArtillery1942-1947MAJ GEN8th Division-yet to be connected
79James Durrant CMG DSOGlenelg, South AustraliaArtillery1942-1944MAJ GENQueensland Lines of Communication Area; 5th Division-yet to be connected
80Sir Frank Berryman KCVO CB CBE DSOGeelong, VictoriaArtillery1942-1954LT GENII Corps-
81Colin Simpson CBE MC VDSaint Kilda, VictoriaSignals1942-MAJ GENChief Signals Officer I Corpsfirst Australian Corps of Signals officer to reach Major General
82Sir Jack Stevens KBE CB DSO MSM EDDaylesford, VictoriaSignals1942-1950MAJ GEN4th Division; Northern Territory Force / 11th Division-yet to be connected
83Sir George Frederick Wootten KBE CB DSOMarrickville, New South WalesInfantry1943-1950MAJ GEN9th Division; 3rd Division-
84Sir William Bridgeford KBE CB DSO MCSmeaton, VictoriaInfantry1943-1954LT GEN5th Division-
85Sir Alan Ramsay CB CBE DSOWindsor, VictoriaArtillery1944-1945MAJ GEN5th Division-
86Kenneth Eather CB CBE DSOBalmain, New South WalesInfantry1945-1946MAJ GEN11th Division-
87Sir Henry Wells KBE CB DSOKyneton, VictoriaInfantry1946-1959LT GENChief of the Defence Force-
88Robert Harold Nimmo CBEBrisbane, QueenslandLight Horse1946-1954LT GEN--
89Sir Robert Risson CB CBE DSOMa Ma Creek, QueenslandEngineers1946-MAJ GEN--
90Victor Clarence Secombe CB CBEGlen Wills, VictoriaEngineers1946-LT GENMaster Gunner Ordnance-yet to be connected
91Warren Anderson CBE DSOSingleton, New South WalesLight Horse; Armoured1947-51MAJ GENAdjutant-General; Second Member of the Military Board-
92Sir Frederick 'Black Jack' Galleghan DSO OBE ISOJesmond, New South WalesInfantry1948-51MAJ GENAustralian Military Mission to GermanyPOW at Changi
93Sir Kingsley Norris KBE CB DSOLillydale, VictoriaMedical1948-MAJ GENMedical Services-yet to be connected
94Selwyn Porter CBE DSOTintaldra, VictoriaInfantry1948-1955MAJ GEN3rd Division-
95Ronald Nicholas Lamond Hopkins CBEStawell, VictoriaArmoured1948-MAJ GEN2nd Division-
96Sir Victor Windeyer KBE CB DSO & BarHunters Hill, New South WalesInfantry1950-1957MAJ GENRMC Duntroon-
97Rudolph Bierwirth CBEKent Town, South AustraliaInfantry1950-1957LT GENBritish Commonwealth Forces Korea-yet to be connected
98Sir Eric Woodward KCMG KCVO CB CBE DSOHay, New South WalesInfantry1951-1957LT GEN-later Governor of New South Wales
99Sir Ragnar Garrett KBE CBNortham, Western AustraliaLight Horse1951-1960LT GENSouthern Command; Chief of the General Staff-
100Sir Ivan DoughertyLeadville, New South WalesInfantry1952-1957MAJ GEN2nd Division; CMF member of the Military Board-
101Heathcote 'Tack' Hammer CBE DSO & Bar EDSouthern Cross, Western AustraliaInfantry1953-1956MAJ GEN2nd Armoured Division; 3rd Division-
102Ian Ross Campbell CBE DSOMoss Vale, New South WalesInfantry1953-1957MAJ GENRMC Duntroon-
103Hector Edgar CBE DSOMt Korong, VictoriaInfantry1954-1963LT GENDeputy Chief of the General Staff; Southern Command; Eastern Command-
104Arthur Wilson CBE DSOSydney, New South WalesArtillery1954-1957MAJ GENCentral Command-
105Derek Deighton AO MBEKandy, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)Infantry; Transport-1957MAJ GENLogistics Command-
106Sir Reginald Pollard KCVO KBE CB DSOBathurst, New South WalesInfantry1953-1963LT GENBritish Commonwealth Forces Korea; Chief of the General Staff-
107Stanley Legge CBETurramurra, New South WalesInfantry1950s-1957MAJ GEN-father-son generals duo with James Legge
108Sir Denzil Macarthur-Onslow CBE DSO EDWhataupoko, Poverty Bay, New ZealandArmoured1955-1961MAJ GEN4th Armoured Brigade; 1st Armoured Brigade; 2nd Division; CMF member on the Military Boardwith uncle, James Macarthur-Onslow, Australia's only uncle-nephew generals duo
109Ronald McNicoll CBE AMMelbourne, VictoriaEngineers1956-1964MAJ GEN--
110Sir John Wilton KBE CB DSOStrawberry Hills, New South WalesInfantry1957-1970GeneralRMC Duntroon; Chief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Forcefirst Gen. since Blamey; achieved an integrated defence organisation
111John Stevenson CBEBondi, New South WalesInfantry1957-1959MAJ GEN2nd Division[1]
112Sir Tom Daly KBE CB DSOBallarat, VictoriaInfantry1959-1971LT GENChief of the General Staff-
113Sir Mervyn Brogan KBE CBCrows Nest, New South WalesInfantry1962-1973LT GENChief of the General Staff-
114Paul Cullen AC DSONewcastle, New South WalesInfantry1962-1966MAJ GENMilitary Board as CMF memberfirst Australian general of Jewish descent since Monash
115Robert William Knights CB CBECanberra, Australian Capital TerritoryInfantry1963-1969MAJ GENRMC Duntroon-
116Sir Francis "Frank" Hassett AC KBE CB DSO LVOMarrickville, New South WalesInfantry1963-1977GeneralChief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Force-
117Charles Edward LongMoonah, TasmaniaInfantry1965-1970MAJ GEN--
118Kenneth Mackay CB MBEWaverley, New South WalesInfantry1966-1974MAJ GENAustralian Forces, Vietnam; 1st Division-
119John Broadbent CBE DSOManly, New South WalesInfantry1966-1967MAJ GEN2nd Division-
120Douglas Timothy Vincent CB AM OBEKurri Kurri, New South WalesInfantry1967-1973MAJ GENAustralian Force Vietnam-
121Sir Arthur MacDonald KBE CBRockhampton, QueenslandInfantry1968-1976GeneralChief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Force Staff-
122Colin Fraser CB CBENairobi, KenyaInfantry1969-1978MAJ GENRMC Duntroon-
123Robert Arthur Hay CB MBEBendigo, VictoriaInfantry1969-1977MAJ GENAustralian Military Forces, Vietnam; RMC Duntroon-
124Stuart Clarence Graham AO DSO OBE MCUlmarra, New South WalesInfantry1969-1977MAJ GEN6th Task Force; 1st Task Force; 1st Division-
125Norman Vickery CBE MCCanterbury, New South WalesArtillery1969-1974MAJ GEN--
126Sir Donald Dunstan AC KBE CBMurray Bridge, South AustraliaInfantry1970-1982LT GENAustralian Forces in Vietnam; Chief of the General Staff30th and longest-serving Governor of South Australia
127Cedric 'Sandy' Pearson AO DSO OBE MCKurri Kurri, New South WalesInfantry1970-1975MAJ GEN1st Task Force; RMC Duntroon-
128William Henderson AO DSO OBEClifton Hill, VictoriaInfantry1970s-1976MAJ GEN--
129Gordon Maitland AO OBE RFDRockdale, New South WalesInfantry1974-1982MAJ GEN2nd Division; Chief of the Army Reserve-
130Bruce McDonald AO DSO OBE MCGeelong, VictoriaInfantry1975-1977MAJ GEN1st Division; Training Command-
131John Whitelaw AO CBEHawthorn, VictoriaArtillery1970s-1977MAJ GENChief of Operations; Chief of Personnel; Deputy Chief of the General Staffwith father, also John Whitelaw, an Aussie father-son generals duo
132Alan Stretton AO CBEMelbourne, VictoriaInfantry1970s-1979MAJ GEN-later director-general of the Natural Disasters Organisation
133Alan 'Alby' MorrisonHaberfield, New South WalesInfantry1970s-1981MAJ GENRMC Duntroon; Chief of Personnelhis son, LT GEN John Morrison, later made them a father-son Australian generals duo
134Ronald Hughes CBE DSOKensington, South AustraliaInfantry1974-1977MAJ GEN1st Division; Chief of the Reservebrother of MAJ GEN Jim Hughes
135John Stevenson AO CBEAustraliaArtillery1976-1982MAJ GENLogistic Command-
136Sir Philip Bennett AC KBE DSOPerth, Western AustraliaInfantry1977-1987General1st Division; Chief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Forcelater Governor of Tasmania
137Peter Gration AC OBERichmond, VictoriaEngineers1980s-1993GeneralChief of the General Staff; Chief of the Defence Force-
138William 'Digger' James AC MBE MCShepparton, VictoriaMedical1981-1984MAJ GENdirector-general Army Health Servicescredited with reshaping and modernising the Army Health Services
139Kevin Latchford AOAustraliaArmoured1981-1984MAJ GENNational Disaster Organisation-
140David Matheson Butler AO DSOGuildford, Western AustraliaInfantry1982-84MAJ GEN 1 Task Force; OCS Portsea; Training Command-
141Lawrence O'Donnell ACQuairading, Western AustraliaInfantry1984-1990LT GEN Field Force Command; Land Command; Chief of the General Staff-
142Michael Jeffery AC CVO MCWiluna, Western AustraliaInfantry1985-93MAJ GENSpecial AIr Service Regiment; 1st Division; Deputy Chief of the General StaffGovernor of Western Australia; Governor General of Australia
143James Barry AM MBE RFD EDMelbourne, VictoriaCMF1985-1987MAJ GEN3rd DivisionAustralian Gymnastic Federation; International Federation of Gymnastics
144James 'Jim' Hughes DSO MCNorwood, South AustraliaInfantry1980s-1986MAJ GEN1st Division; Chief of the Reservebrother of MAJ GEN Ronald Hughes
145John Coates AC MBEAdelaide, South AustraliaInfantry1987-1992LT GENassistant Chief of the Defence Force (Policy); Chief of the General Staff-
146John Baker AC DSMMelbourne, VictoriaInfantry1987-1998GeneralChief of the Defence Forceoversaw biggest services structural shake-up since the Second World War.
147John Grey ACSydney, New South WalesArmoured1989-1995LT GENChief of the General Staff-
148John Sanderson ACGeraldton, Western AustraliaEngineers1989-1998LT GENChief of the ArmyGovernor of Western Australia
149Francis 'Frank' Hickling AO CSCGosford, New South WalesEngineers1990-2000LT GENNorthern Command; Training Command; ADFA; Land Command; Chief of the Army-
150Peter Arnison AC CVO-Infantry1994-1996MAJ GENLand CommandGovernor of Queensland
151Duncan Francis AO OBEPerth, Western AustraliaInfantry-1994MAJ GEN--
152Sir Peter Cosgrove AK CVO MCSydney, New South WalesInfantry1998-2005General1st Division; INTERFET; Chief of the Army; Chief of the Defence ForceGovernor-General of Australia
153Peter Leahy ACMelbourne, VictoriaInfantry2000-2008LT GENChief of the Army-
154David Hurley AC DSCWollongong, New South WalesInfantry2001-2014GeneralCapability Systems Division; Land Command; Chief of Joint Operations; Chief of the Defence ForceGovernor of New South Wales; Governor-General of Australia
155Ken Gillespie AC DSC CSM Brisbane, QueenslandEngineers2004-2011LT GENLand Command; Chief of the Army-
156David Morrison AO Cairns, QueenslandInfantry2005-2015LT GENAustralian Defence College; Forces Command; Chief of the Armyfather-son Aussie generals duo with MAJ GEN Alby Morrison
157Michael Clifford AM CSCAustraliaSignals-2013MAJ GEN--
158Angus Campbell AO DSCNew South WalesInfantry2011-currentGeneralJoint Task Force 633; Operation Sovereign Borders; Chief of the Army; Chief of the Defence Force-
159Richard 'Rick' Burr AO DSC MVORenmark, South AustraliaInfantry2011-currentLT GEN1st Division; Chief of the Army-
160Simone Wilkie nee Burt AOBallarat, VictoriaSignals2013-18MAJ GENAustralian Defence College-

Elizabeth Cosson AM CSC (1958-living) became Australia's first female general when she was promoted Major General in 2007. She retired from the army in 2010 and, as of 2020, is Secretary of the Department of Veterans' Affairs.

General Sir John Winthrop Hackett GCB CBE DSO & Bar MC MA BLitt (1910-97) was a Western Australian-born British general and nephew of Australia's Major General Senator Edmund Drake-Brockman. Hackett's ashes are interred at Karrakatta Cemetery, Perth.

The Australian Army has, as at 2020, three Lieutenant Generals and 22 Major Generals. At a generals to servicepeople ratio of 1 : 2,200, this number is regarded as one of the most bloated 'general's clubs' in the western world.


Commonwealth Headquarters Staff 1904

Commonwealth Headquarters Staff 1904

Back row, left to right: Captain Percy Neville Buckley; Commander (later Sir) Samuel Augustus Pethebridge (Secretary for Defence); Surgeon General Sir William Daniel Williams (Director General Medical Services); F Savage Esq.
Front row: Colonel Haviland Le Mesurier (Chief of Ordnance); Colonel (later Major General) John C Hoad (Deputy Adjutant General); Lieutenant Colonel (later Lieutenant General) James W McCay (Minister for Defence; Chairman); Colonel (later Major General) William Throsby Bridges (Chief of Intelligence), J A Thompson Esq. (Civil and Finance Member). [2]


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Sources

  1. Hopley, J B. 'Stevenson, John Rowlstone (1908–1971)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, published first in hardcopy 2002 accessed online 25 May 2020]
  2. Stockings, Craig. The Making And Breaking Of The Post-federation Australian Army, 1901–09. Land Warfare Studies Centre, Canberra, July 2007; accessed 17 Oct 2019




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