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Austria Location Categories

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Contents

Location categories for Österreich/Austria

This structure has now been agreed and signed off Armstrong-17381 07:40, 12 July 2021 (UTC)

We are now in the process of creating these categories, please be patient while this work is carried out.

1) Lowest level (city/town/borough) structure

Austria will be following (for the lowest level) the <City>, <State> structure used in many other countries.

2) Naming convention

Following the WikiTree guidelines "to use their conventions instead of yours" we will be using the German spelling instead of the English or any other foreign language spelling for landing categories, for instance:

  • 'Wien-Stadt, Wien' and not 'Vienna (city), Vienna (state)' (English) or 'Wenen stad, Wenen' (Netherlands) and
  • 'Knittelfeld, Steiermark' not 'Knittelfeld, Styria'.

3) No mixing of languages in categories

As Austria's two top level regional categories will co-exist both in English and German, categories names should not be mixed (e. g. do not write the German city name with an English state name, 'Ried im Traunkreis, Upper Austria' would be wrong).

4) Use the German alphabet

All Austrian regional categories in English should have English names, all those in German should be in German spelling including the correct use of the so called "Umlaute" (these are the additional letters in the German alphabet (ä Ä ö Ö ü Ü) or the character ß (Eszett). See this page for more info: Germanic umlaut.

Please note that all modern computer/keyboards can emulate those special characters. See this URL for more information; Typing umlauts. On phones and tablets just hold down the relevant letter and a range of accents will be offered.
You may just copy the characters from here and paste it into your text: ä Ä ö Ö ü Ü ß

5) Ambiguous locations in a state

If there is more than one category name in the same state then add an unique identifier (usually the next higher regional category) in brackets after the name. Fortunately in Austria this situation does not exist within the states. There are duplicates in different states e.g. Krumbach, Voralberg and Krumbach, Niederösterreich but where there are towns or villages within the same state they are usually identified in some other way e.g. there are 3 'Reiths' in Tirol; Reith bei Kitzbühel, Reith bei Seefeld and Reith im Alpbachtal.

6) Structure to follow

German language structure:

  • [[Category:Österreich]]
    • [[[Category:Bundesländer von Österreich]] - needs creating
      • [[Category:<Bundesland>, Österreich]]
        • [[Category:<Stadt/Dorf>, <Bundesland>]]- most need creating

English language structure:

  • [[Category: Austria]]
    • [[Category: States of Austria]]
      • [[Category: <State>, Austria]]
        • [[Category: <Stadt/Dorf>, <Bundesland>]]

7) Example

German language structure:

  • [[Category:Österreich]]
    • [[Category:Bundesländer von Österreich]]
      • [[Category:Kärnten, Österreich]]
        • [[Category:Klagenfurt, Kärnten]]

English language structure:

  • [[Category: Austria]]
    • [[Category: States of Austria]]
      • [[Category:Carinthia, Austria]]
        • [[Category:Klagenfurt, Kärnten]]

Background information

As with most other countries in Europe there have been changes in the administrative structure of Austria throughout its history. The information below gives the current structure. By implementing our proposed structure we avoid the complexity of the districts and municipalities, whilst leaving that option open if they become more significant at a later time.

Administrative divisions of Austria

Austria is a federal republic made up of 9 States. Each State is divided into Districts and Statutary Towns. There are 94 of these subdivisions. Districts are further divided into Municipalities and these can be made up of a number of villages.


Federal Level

Top level Österreich or Austria.

States

The structure for the States (German: 'Bundesland', plural 'Bundesländer') of Austria already exists: States of Austria. These are taken from Wikipedia page - States of Austria. Note: the equivalent category in German does not currently exist and will need to be created. The Austrian States themselves are already there.

Districts

Each State (German: 'Bundesland', plural 'Bundesländer') is divided into administrative Districts (German: 'Bezirk', plural 'Bezirke'). For example [Tyrol] has 9 Districts:

  • Landeck District (capital: Landeck)
  • Reutte District, (Reutte)
  • Imst District, (Imst)
  • Innsbruck-Land (Innsbruck, not part of the district)
  • Innsbruck Stadt
  • Schwaz District, (Schwaz)
  • Kufstein District, (Kufstein)
  • Kitzbühel District, (Kitzbühel)
  • Lienz District, (Lienz)

Municipalities

Each District is divided into Municipalities (German: 'Gemeinde', plural 'Gemeinden') constituting towns and surrounding villages. Taking the District of Schwaz as an example it has 39 Municipalities. These are;

Achenkirch Gerlos Ried im Zillertal Terfens
Aschau im Zillertal Gerlosberg Rohrberg Tux
Brandberg Hainzenberg Schlitters Uderns
Bruck am Ziller Hart im Zillertal Schwaz - District capital Vomp
Buch bei Jenbach Hippach Schwendau Weer
Eben am Achensee Jenbach Stans Weerberg
Finkenberg Kaltenbach Steinberg am Rofan Wiesing
Fügen Mayrhofen Strass im Zillertal Zell am Ziller
FügenbergPill Stumm Zellberg
GallzeinRamsau im Zillertal Stummerberg

These Municipalities can consist of a number of villages. For example Tux consists of the five villages of Vorderlanersbach, Lanersbach, Juns, Madseit, and Hintertux. Ideally the text for these categories would specify the localities included within the Municipality. There are 2,095 Municipalities in Austria. Note Municipalities have only been in place since 1945.

At this stage, the proposal for location categories would be to use City/Town/Village, State. The categories would use the German naming convention. i.e. Stadt/Dorf, Bundesland





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Looks good for the current situation, but please keep in mind, most genealogic sources of interest are more or less based in and around the old Austrian Empire. I see this as a beginning, not the end.

The question still present is, what to do with the old crown territories, Bohemia, Moravia, Hungaria, etc.?

posted by Stephan Krutak

Categories: Austria