Ayscough Family

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Surname/tag: Ayscough
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This is a place to untangle the different parts of the Ayscough family. Further details can currently be found on my public personal research page at Evernote.

The primary profile this research is based around is: William Ayscough (1614-bef.1695)


History of Ayscough

"Ayscough is a name which is common in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire under various forms, but not common though not unknown elsewhere. The Ayscoughs appear, however, to have descended mainly from two great families. One of these lived formerly at Greymains in co. Cumberland, and afterwards at Newcastle-on-Tyne, Redheugh co. Durham, and Pallinsbum * co. Northumberland. Burke, speaking of this family, says that they derived their descent from Thurstan de Bosco (Boscus signifying a wood), who lived in the reign of King John, and had enfeoffment of the Boyvills, Lords of Kirksanton, of a place there called Aiksheugh, within the lordship of Millom, whence his posterity, according to the custom of those early times, assumed their surname.3 Pedigrees of this family may be found in Burke's Landed Gentry and other places, but they do not actually show their ancestry farther back than temp. Hen. VIII."[1]

Ayscough Line

Source: 106 Dugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire

X. ROBERT AYSGOUGH (ASKWITH), of the Citty of Yorke, ait. 59 an. 13 Sept. a" 1665. Admon. at Gray's Inn 1 Nov. 1627 ; mar. Elizabeth, da. and heire of Thomas Peake, of Toynton, in co. Line. They had issue: 1 William Ayscough (Askwith) (X1) D'- of Phisick, at. 29 an. 13 Sept. a" 1665, admitted to St. John's College, Cambridge, 7 June 16.55 as William Askwith, bur. at St.Cuthbert's, York, 5 Apr. 1688. 2 Robert Ayscough (Askwith) Admon. at Gray's Inn 2 Feb. 1660-1. (younger brother) Roberts spouse? Issue: Elizabeth Martha Mary

Thornton Line

Source 134 DUGDALE'S VISITATION OF YORKSHIRE Richard Thornton, dyed in a 1647, or thereabouts, mat. Brasenose Coll., Oxf., 15 May 1640, set. 16, student of Gray's Inn 1642 (Foster), mar. Rose, daughter of W m Arthington, of Arthington, in com. Ebor., bp. at Adel 19 July 1619, bur. at All Saints', North Street, York, 10 Dec. 1668. Anne, o3t. 19, annor. 5° Apr a° 1666, bp. at Adel 2 July 1647, mar. first William, son and heir of Sir William Ascough, Kt., mar. secondly at York Minster 17 Aug. 1682 Robert Watter, Esq., of Cundall. Will 28 Sept, 1700.

Sir Hawksworth

Source: Howard, Joseph Jackson & Crisp, Frederick Arthur Visitations Sir Walter Hawksworth of Hawksworth, in Otley, co. York, baronet (twin with Ann) ; succeeded his father as and baronet 21 Feb ruary 168% High Sheriff for co. York 1721; died 17 March, bur. at St. Helen's, York, 20 March 173⅘. Will dated 23 August 1734, with codicil dated 17 March 1733, proved at York 11 April 1735 (Vol. 84, fo. 17).

Judith Ayscough, dau. and coheir of John Ayscough of Osgodby, cO. Lincoln, esquire, by Margaret his wife ; marr. at Cundall, co. York, 11 February 169%; bur. at St. Helen's, York, 2 October 1724.

Ann Ayscough (nee Thornton) remarries

Source: (16) 1682, Aug. 17. Robert Walters,* Esq., of Cundall, and Mrs. Ann Ascough, of Yorke.

Robert Watter alias Walters, esq., eldest son of Robert Watter, esq., of Cundall (by Lettice, daughter of Thomas Stockdale, esq., of Bilton Park), and great-grandson of William Watter, lord mayor of York in 1620.-Ann, widow of William Ayscough, esq., of Osgodby, and daughter of Richard Thornton, esq., of Tiersall, co. York. Will dated 28 Sept, 1700 [Pro. 34) May, 1710]. Anne Walters, their daughter and eventual heiress, married William Robinson, esq., of Rokeby, co. York, and was mother of Richard Robinson, archbishop of Armagh, who was created lord Rokeby in 1772.

Potential Problems


  1. Notes on the Visitation of Lincolnshire 1634; Gibbons, A FSA; Printed Lincoln 1898; accessed 26 oct 2021; Notes on the Visitation of Lincolnshire 1634

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