Ballymena Town, County Antrim
Surnames/tags: IRISH_ROOTS BALLYMENA COUNTY_ANTRIM
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- Ballymena /ˌbæliˈmiːnə/ (from Irish: an Baile Meánach, meaning "the middle townland", Irish pronunciation: [ən̪ˠ ˈbˠalʲə ˈmˠaːn̪ˠəx]) is a town in County Antrim, and the eighth largest in Northern Ireland. Since 2015 Ballymena has been part of Mid and East Antrim Borough Council. It had a population of 64,551 people in 2012. The town of Ballymena spans several parishes and townlands. Most of the town of Ballymena, north of the river Braid is in the barony of Toome Lower and includes parts of the civil parishes of Kirkinriola and Ahoghill. The part of Ballymena, south of the river Braid is in the barony of Antrim Lower and includes parts of the civil parishes of Ballyclug, Connor and Racavan. The centre of town is in the townland of Town Parks in the civil parish of Kirkinriola.
- The name Ballymena has also been given to several historic local government areas including a Poor Law Union, Civil Registration District/Superintendent Registrar's District, Electoral District, Urban and Rural Districts, and Borough.
- The town of Ballymena is built on land given to the Adair family by King Charles I in 1626, on the basis that the town holds two annual fairs and a free Saturday market in perpetuity. As of 2018, the Saturday market still runs. It is a popular shopping hub within Northern Ireland and is home to Ballymena United F.C. The town used to host Ireland's largest one-day agricultural show at the Ballymena Showgrounds. The town centre has many historic buildings. The Town Hall was built in 1924 on the site of the old Market House, and was refurbished in 2007 at a cost of roughly £20 million.
Assigning Categories to profiles
- Since the name Ballymena can be associated with a large area, for example the Ballymena Poor Law Union covered an area of 252 square miles, use the following guidance when assigning categories to profiles:
- Use category Ballymena Town, County Antrim for profiles of people associated with Ballymena town or Urban district. For example, people who appear under Ballymena Town or Urban DED in the 1901/1911 Ireland census or appear in a record with a named street in Ballymena Town.
- Use the appropriate townland category for profiles of people who can be more accurately associated with a specific townland.
- Use category Ballymena Superintendent Registrar's District, County Antrim for profiles of people with connections to the Ballymena area (for example, linked to the Ballymena Poor Law Union, or mentioned in a birth, marriage or death record in Ballymena Civil Registration District/Superintendent Registrar's District, or who lived in Ballymena Rural District) but who cannot be directly associated with the town of Ballymena or a specific townland.
Ballymena Parishes and Townlands
- The town of Ballymena spans several parishes and townlands as listed below.
- Ahoghill Civil Parish
|Townland||Irish name from logainm.ie||WikiTree Category Name||Notes
|Ballykennedy||Baile Uí Chinnéide||Ballykennedy Townland, Ahoghill Parish, County Antrim||Ballykennedy includes the population centre Gracehill which is now part of the town of Ballymena.
|Ballyloughan||Baile an Locháin||Ballyloughan Townland, Ahoghill Parish, County Antrim||Most of Ballyloughan is now an urban area, part of the town of Ballymena.
|Brocklamont||Bruach na Molt||Brocklamont Townland, Ahoghill Parish, County Antrim||Most of Brocklamont is now an urban area, part of the town of Ballymena.
|Carniny||Carn Fhainche||Carniny Townland, Ahoghill Parish, County Antrim||Most of Carniny is now an urban area, part of the town of Ballymena.
|Galgorm||Galgorm||Galgorm Townland, Ahoghill Parish, County Antrim||Galgorm townland (apart from the grounds of Galgorm Castle) is now an urban area, part of the town of Ballymena.
|Galgorm Parks||Páirceanna Ghalgorm||Galgorm Parks Townland, Ahoghill Parish, County Antrim||Some of Galgorm Parks townland is now an urban area, part of the town of Ballymena.
|Lisnafillon||Lios na Faoilinne||Lisnafillon Townland, Ahoghill Parish, County Antrim||Lisnafillon is mainly farmland but the eastern part is now an industrial area of the town of Ballymena.
- Ballyclug Civil Parish
- Connor Civil Parish
- Kirkinriola Civil Parish
- Racavan Civil Parish
Ballymena Local Government Areas
- Ballymena Poor Law Union was formed in 1840, as a consequence of the Irish Poor Law Act of 1838, and covered an area of 252 square miles. It incorporated 23 electoral divisions: Ahoghill, Ballyclug, Ballyconnelly, Ballymena, Ballyscullion, Broughshane, Clogh, Cloghogue, Dundermot, Dunmanaway, Dunminning, Galgorm, Glenbuck, Glenravill, Glenwhirry, Kells, Kirkinriola, Lisnagarran, Longmore, Newtown Cromellin, Portglenone, Slemish, Toome. The population falling within the Union at the 1831 census had been 66,964 with divisions ranging in size from Dundermote (population 1,069) to Kells (5,708) and Ballymena itself (5,644). At the 1901 census, the population of the Union was 53,082 with 19 officials and 355 inmates in the workhouse.
- Ballymena Civil Registration District (also known as Ballymena Superintendent Registrar's District) was based on the area of Ballymena Poor Law Union. Ballymena Civil Registration District was divided into sub-districts (known as Registrar's Districts): Ahoghill, Broughshane, Clough (Clogh), Galgorm, Glenwhirry (Glenwherry), Portglenone, Toome. Birth, Marriage and Death records are normally indexed by Civil Registration District and sub-district although individual records usually also mention the townland and parish or street in a town where people mentioned in the register were residing.
- The Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898 resulted in the creation of two districts Ballymena Urban District (which included the town of Ballymena) and Ballymena Rural District (which included the surrounding area and several small towns and villages).
- Census returns are grouped by District Electoral Divisions (DED). In the 1901 census Ballymena Urban District was represented by one DED: Ballymena and Town and Urban District of Ballymena. In the 1911 census Ballymena Urban District was represented by three DEDs: Ballymena Town, Ballymena No. 2 Urban, Ballymena No. 3 Urban. Some of the surrounding townlands which have more recently become part of the Town of Ballymena were included in DEDs: Ahoghill, Galgorm, and Kirkinriola.
- The Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972 replaced the existing system of county boroughs, administrative counties, urban districts and rural districts with 26 local government districts. The borough of Ballymena was created on 1 October 1973 from the merging of the former municipal borough of Ballymena with most of the surrounding Ballymena Rural District. It covered the town of Ballymena and the surrounding area which includes small towns including Broughshane, Cullybackey, Galgorm, Ahoghill and Portglenone. The borough had an area of 200 square miles (520 km2) and a population of 64,044 according to the 2011 census. In 2015 it was replaced by Mid and East Antrim Borough Council.
- ↑ Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, p. 66, ISBN 9781405881180
- ↑ "An Baile Meánach/Ballymena". Logainm.ie. https://www.logainm.ie/en/135723
- ↑ Wikipedia contributors, "Ballymena," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ballymena&oldid=908488096 (accessed August 1, 2019).
- ↑ PRONI Historical Maps viewer. https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/services/search-proni-historical-maps-viewer
- ↑ The Workhouse. Ballymena, Co. Antrim. http://www.workhouses.org.uk/Ballymena/
- ↑ SWilson.info. Registration District: Ballymena. https://www.swilson.info/regdistmap.php?gregdistid=13
- ↑ Wikipedia contributors, "List of Irish local government areas 1898–1921," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Irish_local_government_areas_1898%E2%80%931921&oldid=890387321 (accessed August 1, 2019).
- ↑ The National Archives of Ireland. Census of Ireland. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/
- ↑ Wikipedia contributors, "Ballymena (borough)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ballymena_(borough)&oldid=903570049 (accessed August 1, 2019).
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