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Barnard Family and the Sandemanian Church

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Surnames/tags: Barnard Sandemanian nonconformist
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Robert Sandeman
The Sandemanian church is a non-conformist protestant movement which began in Scotland in 1730’s and spread into England and to the USA. The church was founded by John Glas (1695-1773) (and is also known as the Glasite Church) but much of the teaching was developed and promoted by his son-in-law Robert Sandeman (1718-1771), who founded churches in England and in North America.

The churches were close knit communities, and many families were members of the church for several generations.

The London church included notables such as Michael Faraday. The church has now died out.

An introduction to the Sandemanian Church includes an overview but also details of the categories used for the various families.

Sandemanian Families

Many of the members of the London Church came from a small number of families, perhaps between 10-12 families. The Barnards were one of thees families with 26 individuals appearing in the membership records. See London Sandemanian Church membership list 1762 – 1868 for the full membership list.

Within the key Sandemanian families, some became church members, others attended the church without formally declaring their faith and so were not members. Many people married within the church, and this continued for up to 5 generations.

History of the Barnard family

Nathaniel Barnard (1698-1739) was born in Cambridgeshire where he died. He has at least three sons

Nathaniel Barnard (1723-1769) who was named in a family bible.
John Barnard (abt.1725-abt.1804) was an nonconformist minister. He began his ministry among the Independent Dissenters, and preacher for some time to a congregation in Islington, where he resided. He also carried out a weekly lecture at Mr Bradbury’s meeting-house, in New Court, Carey Street. He joined the London Sandemanian Church in 1760 and became an elder. He may have not married, as no record of a wife or children has been found
Edward Barnard (1735-abt.1808) lived in London and worked as a goldsmith at Amen Corner in the City of London. He accepted as a Sandemanian member in 1764 and his wife Mary (Gastineau) Barnard (abt.1733-abt.1800) became a Sandemanian member the following year. He was buried at was buried at Bunhill Fields burial ground, used by nonconformists.
Edward Barnard (1767-abt.1855) married Mary Boosey (abt.1769-abt.1847) in 1791 who was from a Sandemanian family. He was also a goldsmith. He became a member of the Sandemanian church in London in 1801. He took on John Leighton (abt.1803-1869) as an apprentice who was also from a Sandemanian family. His children included
Mary Anne Barnard (1793-1843) who married William Ker Reid (abt.1787-1868) who came from the Newcastle Sandemanian church. Her children became Sandemanian's and married other Sandemanian families
Elizabeth Barnard (1794-1870) who married Williams brother, David Reid (abt.1792-1868) so two sisters married two brothers.
Edward Barnard (1796-1867) who in 1818 joined the self help group set up by Michael Faraday and others linked to the Sandemanian church. He married Caroline Chater who later became a Sandemanian member, although Edward did not.
Ellen Barnard (1823-1899) was a Sandemanian member and and was the second wife of Benjamin Vincent (1812-1899) also a Sandemanian.
Edward Barnard (1826-1876) married Margaret Reid (1829-1905)
Vernor Barnard (1827-1916) was a Sandemanian and married Editha Jane Leighton (1832-1865) in 1853 and Anne Leighton Vincent (1838-1929) in 1866. Their children and grandchildren also married into Sandemanian families.
Frederick Barnard (1846-1896) a notable artist, married Alice Faraday (1847-1924).
John Barnard (1797-1880) married Margaret Faraday (1802-1862) in 1826. She had also grown up in a Sandemanian family and she became a Sandemanian member later, although he did not become a member. The marriage was described by Charlotte Barnard (1805-1866), the sister to the bridegroom in a letter to her sister Elizabeth (Barnard) Reid (1794-1870) and included numerous Sandemanian guests.
Sarah Barnard (1800-1879) was a Sandemanian church member and married Michael Faraday (1791-1867), the famous scientist and Sandemanian member.
William Barnard (1801-1848) married Martha Lyon who also a Sandemanian. He became a Sandemanian member in 1826.
Charlotte Barnard (1805-1866) married George Buchanan (abt.1795-1852) from the Sandemanian church in Edinburgh
Nathaniel Barnard (abt.1770-1846) was a printer who married Elizabeth Gregory (abt.1770-) and his son was christened at the parish church of St John's Clerkenwell.
John Barnard (abt.1771-aft.1802)
George Barnard (abt.1773-aft.1802)
Mary Barnard (abt.1775-aft.1802) married William Deeble (1758-abt.1796) in 1790. The Deeble's were also a nonconformist family and Williams father was one of the founder members of the London Annuity Society. Their children's birth was registered with Dr Williams Library, a nonconformist Register but not sure which church they attended.

Account of the family bible

In 1822 the following was published by Thomas Moule[1]

Copy of a genealogical account of the Barnard family, Now (1816) in the possession of Mr John Barnard, of Nicholls Square, London, Silver Flatter. This was printed in 1816 for circulation among the friends and relations of the family, and was communicated to the editor by John Bell, Esq. of Newcastle. Prefixed to the tract is this advertisement. “The ancient part of the following genealogy is (was in 1774) taken from an old family bible, now in the possession of John Barnard, and which was first the property of William Barnard the second, and then of Nathaniel Barnard the first, his son, and afterwards Nathaniel the second, who was the father of Nathaniel, John and Edward, and who lived and died, as his ancestors had done, in his own house in Barrington, Cambridgeshire”.

There are two generations in which there are brothers Nathaniel, John and Edward. The first mention of John, would be John Barnard who was alive in 1816 and living in Nicholls Square, having taken the lease from his father, as described in the will. The three brothers Nathaniel, John and Edward would then be Nathaniel Barnard, John Barnard and Edward Barnard. Their father, described as Nathaniel the second would be Nathaniel Barnard.

Nathaniel Barnard (1698-1739) had three sons,

Nathaniel Barnard (1723-1769), but no details known about him
John Barnard (abt.1725-abt.1804) living in Islington, he was a preacher in an non-conformist church, and became interested in the ideas of the Glasite or Sandemanian movement. He corresponded with John Sandeman in the 1750's and 1760's and eventually joined a Sandemanian meeting house in London
Edward Barnard (1735-abt.1808) may have also joined the Sandemanian Church, because many of his children became members and married people from other Sandemanian families.

His eldest son Edward Barnard (1767-abt.1855) was a member of the Sandemanians and married Mary Boosey.

Links with other Sandemanian Families

Blaikley family

John Barnard (1835-1915) married Ruth (Blaikley) Barnard (abt.1844-) in 1875
Rachel (Barnard) Blaikley (1845-1929) married David James Blaikley (1847-1936) in 1876
Bryan Barnard (abt.1861-) married Edith Shaw Blaikley (1860-1946) in 1896

Boosey Family

Edward Barnard (1767-abt.1855) married Mary (Boosey) Barnard (abt.1769-abt.1847) in 1791

Buchanan Family

Charlotte (Barnard) Buchanan (1805-1866) married George Buchanan (abt.1792-1852) in 1830

Chater Family

Edward Barnard (1796-1867) married Caroline (Chater) Barnard (1797-) in about 1822

Deacon Family

Edwin Deacon began an apprenticeship with Edward Barnard in 1828

Faraday Family

John Barnard (1797-1880) married Margaret (Faraday) Barnard (1802-1862) in 1826
Sarah (Barnard) Faraday (1800-1879) married Michael Faraday (1791-1867) in 1821
Frederick Barnard (1846-1896) married Alice (Faraday) Barnard (1847-) in 1870

Leighton Family

Editha Jane (Leighton) Barnard (1832-abt.1865) Editha Jane (Leighton) Barnard (1832-abt.1865) in 1853
Vernor Barnard (1827-1916) married Editha Jane (Leighton) Barnard (1832-abt.1865) in 1853

Lyon Family

William Barnard (1801-1848) married Martha (Lyon) Barnard (1799-1871) in 1832

Reid family

Mary Anne (Barnard) Reid (1793-1843) married William Ker Reid (abt.1787-1868) in 1812
Elizabeth (Barnard) Reid (1794-1870) married David Reid (abt.1792-1868) in 1815
Anna (Barnard) Reid (1827-1898) married Edward Ker Reid (1821-1886) in 1847
Edward Barnard (1827-1867) married Margaret (Reid) Barnard (1829-1905) in 1853


Walter Barnard (1833-) married Ellen (Rutt) Barnard (1835-) in 1859

Vincent family

Ellen (Barnard) Vincent (1823-1899) married Benjamin Vincent (1812-1899) in 1864
Vernor Barnard (1827-1916) married Anne Leighton (Vincent) Barnard (1838-1929) in 1867
Anne Miles (Barnard) Vincent (1877-1962) married Theodore Baxter Vincent (abt.1872-abt.1944) in 1900

Pre Sandemanian links

Mr Boosey had John Barnard as an apprentice in 1712, when he paid the dues for an apprentices indenture. [2]

Both families were from Essex

The Silversmith Business

Edward Barnard and Sons

Edward Barnard and Sons was a firm of British silversmiths. They created the Lily font, a large silver gilt baptismal font used in the christening services of members of the British Royal family.

The firm of Edward Barnard & Sons traced its origin back to Anthony Nelme (d. 1722) who established a silversmithing firm at Ave Maria Lane, in London, ca.1680. His son, Francis Nelme, took over the business on his death in 1722 and continued to run it until 1739 when Thomas Whipham (d. 1756) took over. On his death his son Thomas Whipham went into partnership with Charles Wright. In 1775 Whipham withdrew from the business and in 1786 Charles Wright amalgamated the firm with neighbouring silversmith Thomas Chawner and his son Henry Chawner. Thomas Chawner was the master of Edward Barnard (d. 1855) and on the amalgamation Edward Barnard (1767-abt.1855)) became the foreman of the company. In 1796 Chawner took an engraver, John Emes, into partnership and when he retired Emes became the sole owner and Edward Barnard became the firm's manager. On Emes' death in 1808 Edward Barnard went into partnership with the widowed Rebecca Emes and Henry Chawner who acted as a sleeping partner. The firm traded as Emes & Barnard. Rebecca Emes withdrew from the business in 1829 and Edward Barnard became the proprietor together with his sons, trading as Edward Barnard & Sons, with his sons Edward Barnard (1796-1867), John Barnard (1797-1880) and William Barnard (1801-1848)). In 1838, they moved to Angel Street, London.

The Lily font was commissioned by Queen Victoria from Edward Barnard and Sons, for the christening of her first child, Victoria, Princess Royal on 10 February 1840, her parents' first wedding anniversary

In 1898, they moved to Fetter Lane, and in 1920, to Hatton Garden, London. In 1977, they became a subsidiary of Padgett & Braham, and closed in 2003.[3]

Barnard Family and business addresses

The family business were listed in various trade directories and may be linked to the various family members.

The London Directory 1786, by Lowndes [4]

Barnard and Dudman, Shipbuilders Deptford or Jerusalem Coffee house, Cornhill
Barnard and Tilt, cheesemongers 77 Grace Church St and 2 Lower Thames St
Barnard John Insurance broker 8 Basinghall st
Barnard John Merchant 35 Dowgate St
Barnard John Coach maker Park Street, Grosvenor Square
Barnard Thomas Silversmith 77 Strand, near Adelphi
Barnard Robert auctioneer, 50 Church Street, Rotherhithe

Ave Maria Lane, business originally established by Anthony Nelme. About 1786 lease of 9 Ave Maria Lane assigned to Henry Chawner , whose father , Thomas Chawner , was master to Edward Barnard at Paternoster Row and Amen Corner . 1786 – 96 Henry Chawner in charge with Edward Barnard his manager.

Paternoster Row and Amen Corner - partnership between Henry Chawner, Rebecca Emes and Edward Barnard carrying on trade as silversmiths under the firm Widow Emes and Barnard was dissolved on 25th December 1829 [5]

1795 declaration[6]

Edward Barnard goldsmith Amen-corner
Edward Barnard Flatting mills Nicholl's square
J Barnard coal merchant Nicholl's square

Edward Barnard of Nichol’s square Alderman in the City of London and Liberty of Saint martins Le Grand, 1805[7]

12 Nichol’s Square off Aldersgate Street Barnard Edward, silver flatter 1818 [8].

Barnard J & E Flatters and coal merchants Nichol's sq, Aldergate (1812) (and 1817)[9]

Angel Street (from 1838)

Robson directory of London 1842[10]
Barnard Ed. and Sons silver plate manufacturers, Angel St, St Mary le Grand
Barnard J and sons flatting mills 12 Nichls squ, Aldersgate Street

1843 Post office London Directory[11]
Barnard Edward & sons silversmiths Angel St, St mary le grand
Barnard John & son flatting mills 12 Nichols Sq
Barnard Edward silversmith 39 Claremont Sq Pentonville

Research into the Sandemanian's in London

Introduction and Research Questions

Research into the London Sandemanian Church and the questions I am seeking to answer
Histories of other Sandemanian Families
The arrival of Sandemanianism in London with details of the people involved and the impact on the nonconformist community

Histories of other Sandemanian Families

Boosey Family and the Sandemanian Church
Chater Family and the Sandemanian Church
Deacon Family and the Sandemanian Church
Leighton Family and the Sandemanian Church
Peat Family and the Sandemanian Church
Rutt Family, London Nonconformist's
Vincent Family and the Sandemanian Church
Young Family and the Sandemanian Church

Other pages with details of Sandemanians

Sandemanian Church London membership list
London Sandemanian marriages and other links between families
Sandemanians and the bookbinding, paper and publishing trades
Grosvenor Family Stationers business
Reid and Sons Silversmiths
London Nonconformist Glass Cutters, the Leathley, Chater and Hayward Families
Sandemanian Church, Old Buckenham, Norfolk
The letter from the London Sandemanian Church to the Edinburgh Church in 1855, including signatories to the letter


  1. Bibliotheca Heraldica Magnæ Britanniæ: An Analytical Catalogue of Books on Genealogy, Heraldry, Nobility, Knighthood, & Ceremonies: with a List of Provincial Visitations, Pedigrees, Collections of Arms, and Other Manuscripts; and a Supplement, Enumerating the Principal Foreign Genealogical Works, by Thomas Moule, 1st January 1822, Accessed from https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=97JQAAAAcAAJ&rdid=book-97JQAAAAcAAJ&rdot=1 by Trevor Pickup
  2. The National Archives of the UK (TNA); Kew, Surrey, England; Collection: Board of Stamps: Apprenticeship Books: Series IR 1; Class: IR 1; Piece: 2 Description: 1712 Nov-1714 Apr https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/1851/images/GB1337-00468?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=83bd92514f54e4ad1a83411fc043f02c&usePUB=true&_phsrc=Aqj528&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&_ga=2.240994179.1886413104.1617353553-1976410956.1589529513&pId=347236
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Barnard_and_Sons
  4. The London Directory 1786, by Lowndes accessed from Haithi Trust https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433016873725&view=1up&seq=30&size=125&q1=barnard accessed by Trevor Pickup on 16 April 2021
  5. The London Gazette. (1829). United Kingdom: T. Neuman. accessed from google books https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/The_London_Gazette/oBJKAQAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=0 accessed by Trevor Pickup on 8 February 2021
  6. Declaration of the Merchants, Bankers, Traders, and other inhabitants of London, made at Grocers' Hall, December 2nd, 1795. [In support of the Constitution, etc.: occasioned by the resolutions of certain meetings held at the Paul's head Tavern.] With a list of the names and place of abode of the subscribers, etc. (1795). United Kingdom: Philanthropic Reform. accessed from google books https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/Declaration_of_the_Merchants_Bankers_Tra/kB2HLew9GmUC?hl=en&gbpv=0 by Trevor Pickup on 8 February 2021
  7. A Collection of the Public General Statutes, Passed in the Forty-fifth Year of the Reign of His Majesty King George the Third: Being the Third Session of the Second Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. (1805). United Kingdom: G. Eyre and A. Strahan, printers to the King. accessed from google books https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/A_Collection_of_the_Public_General_Statu/ABY2AQAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=0 accessed by Trevor Pickup on 8 February 2021
  8. Johnstone, A. (1818). Johnstone's London Commercial Guide, and Street Directory; on a New and More Efficient Principle Than Any Yet Established. In Four Parts. I. Names of Streets ... II. Names of Indidivuals, Firms ... III. All Professions and Trades ... IV. An Accurate List of Coaches ... To which is Added, Much Miscellaneous and Useful Matter, with List of Foreign Bankers and Negociants ... and Explanatory Indexes. United Kingdom: Barnard & Farleg. accessed from google books by Trevor Pickup on 8 February 2021
  9. The Post-Office Annual Directory for .... (1812). United Kingdom: Critchett & Woods. accessed from google books, https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/The_Post_Office_Annual_Directory_for/GZsyAQAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=0 by Trevor Pickup on 8 her 2021
  10. Robson's London Directory, Street Key, Classification of Trades, and Royal Court Guide and Peerage: Particularizing the Residences of 70,000 Establishments in London and Its Environs, and Fifteen Thousand of the Nobility and Gentry, Also an Extensive Conveyance List, Alphabetical List of Public Carriers, Together with the Street Guide: For 1842. (1842). United Kingdom: Robson. `accessed from google books, https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/Robson_s_London_Directory_Street_Key_Cla/_GRBAQAAIAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=0 by Trevor Pickup on 12 February 2021
  11. The Post Office London Directory. (1843). United Kingdom: Kelly's Directories Limited. accessed from google books, https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/The_Post_Office_London_Directory/lw87AQAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=0 by Trevor Pickup on 8 February 2021

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