Surnames/tags: 1776 American_Revolution
Battle of Fort Washington
The Battle of Fort Washington was fought in New York on November 16, 1776 during the American Revolutionary War between the United States and Great Britain. It was a decisive British victory that gained the surrender of the entire garrison of Fort Washington.
After defeating the Continental Army under Commander-in-Chief General George Washington at the Battle of White Plains, the British Army forces under the command of Lieutenant General William Howe planned to capture Fort Washington, the last American stronghold on Manhattan. General Washington issued a discretionary order to General Nathanael Greene to abandon the fort and remove its garrison of 3,000 men to New Jersey. Colonel Robert Magaw, commanding the fort, declined to abandon it as he believed it could be defended from the British. Howe's forces attacked the fort before Washington reached it to assess the situation.
Howe launched his attack on November 16. He led an assault from three sides: the north, east and south. Tides in the Harlem River prevented some troops from landing and delayed attack. When the British moved against the defenses, the southern and western American defenses fell quickly. Patriot forces on the north side offered stiff resistance to the Hessian attack, but they too were eventually overwhelmed. With the fort surrounded by land and sea, Colonel Magaw chose to surrender. A total of 59 Americans were killed and 2,837 were taken as prisoners of war.
After this defeat, most of Washington's army was chased across New Jersey and into Pennsylvania, and the British consolidated their control of New York and eastern New Jersey. (1)
Battle of New York
Part of the American Revolutionary War
- Date: November 16, 1776
- Location: Washington Heights, Manhattan, New York
- Result: Decisive British victory
- Belligerents: United States, Great Britain, Hesse Hesse-Kassel
Commanders and leaders
- George Washington
- Robert Magaw
- Nathanael Greene
- Strength: 3,000
- Casualties and losses: 59 killed, 96 wounded, 2,837 captured
Kingdom of Great Britain
- William Howe
- Hugh Percy
- Wilhelm von Knyphausen
- Strength: 8,000
- Casualties and losses: 84 killed, 374 wounded
- Battle map (2,528 × 4,595 pixels)
- Login to edit this profile and add images.
- Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)