Surnames/tags: Bavaria Bayern Germany
Bavaria, Germany/Bayern, Deutschland
This page was created to offer a place to collaborate on Bavaria research. You can ask questions in the comments below or offer suggestions on new resources to attach to our resources list.
How Can You Help Improve Profiles In This Region?
- There are extensive profile improvements that need to be done in this region and we could really use your help. See links, below.
- Members with knowledge of this region can answer questions and offer guidance on this page, our Google Group and on G2G.
- Ensure the information and links on this page are up-to-date (especially for archival and research site information)
- Do you live in Bavaria? You can offer archive, library, church, etc. research visits for other members.
- Create new Space pages for region-specific geographical, topical, or other, that include images, history, and anything helpful for collaborating and helping other researchers.
- We'd appreciate your help with sourcing, connecting, merging and fixing database errors on the profiles in this region. Click the links below to get lists of profiles in Bavaria that need some love (click "get profiles" in the left column to generate a list):
- UNSOURCED PROFILES: to get a list of unsourced profiles that need reliable sources added, click HERE to search "Bavaria" and HERE to search "Bayern". For more information/instruction on sourcing, see Germany Project Sourcerers Team
- UNCONNECTED PROFILES: to get a list of unconnected profiles that need to be connected to the main tree, click HERE to search "Bavaria" and HERE to search "Bayern". For more information/instruction on connecting profiles, see Germany Project Connectors Team
- UNMERGED MATCHES: To get a list of unmerged matches that need research and sourcing, with the goal to ultimately merge or reject the match, click HERE to search "Bavaria" and HERE to search "Bayern". For more information/instruction on merging and unmerged matches, see Germany Project Arborists Team
- SUGGESTIONS: To get a list of suggestions aka database errors that need data doctor attention, click HERE to search "Bavaria" and HERE to search "Bayern". For more information/instruction on clearing database errors, see Germany Project Data Doctors Team.
Overview of Bavaria
- Flag and Coat of Arms:
- State of the Federal Republic of Germany: 1949
- Capital: Munich
- English: Bavaria, Free State of Bavaria
- German: Bayern, Freistaat Bayern
|Bavaria within Germany|
- The Free State of Bavaria is a federal state of Germany. It is the largest by area and second largest by population, with 12.5 million inhabitants. Bavaria's main cities are Munich, its capital and largest city, Nuremberg and Augsburg. Other large cities include Regensburg, Würzburg, Ingolstadt, Fürth and Erlangen.
- Bavaria has a long history beginning in 555. It has been a Duchy, a part of the Holy Roman Empire, a kingdom, and after World War II part of the new German Federation. It includes parts of the historical regions of Franconia, Upper Palatinate and Swabia. It is considered a wealthy state with the second highest GDP. Two major rivers flow through the state, the Danube (Donau) and the Main.
- Three German dialects are spoken in Bavaria - Austro-Bavarian in Old Bavaria (South-East and East); Swabian German (an Alemannic German dialect) in the Bavarian part of Swabia (South West); and East Franconian German in Franconia (North). In the 20th century an increasing part of the population began to speak Standard German, mainly in the cities.
- Bayern.de: Official Website
- Wikipedia: Bavaria
- Britannica: Bavaria
- WikiVoyage: Bavaria
- More info on Coat of Arms of Bavaria
- Bavaria is a landlocked state in the southeast of Germany. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometers (27,239.58 sq mi), Bavaria is the largest German state by land area, comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. Bavaria shares international borders with Austria, the Czech Republic, and Switzerland (across Lake Constance). The Bavarian Alps create a natural border with Austria and within the range is the highest peak in Germany, the Zugspitze. The Bavarian Forest and the Bohemian Forest create another natural border with the Czech Republic. Neighboring states within Germany are Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, Thuringia, and Saxony.
- Maps Coordinates: 48°46′39″N 11°25′52″E
- Google Maps: Bavaria Map
- Geoportal: Bayern - If you go to "Thema wechseln" - "Verwaltungsatlas" - "Kirchen" (on the left) - "kath. Kirche" you can display the parish boundaries. It is ideal to find the possible parish. Or you can change to an historic map. On the bottom right "Hintergrund" change to "Historische Karte"
- Meyers Gazetteer: Bayern (Bayern, Traunstein, Oberbayern, Bayern)
- Wikipedia: The Kingdom of Bavaria in 900
- Wikipedia: Bavaria in the 10th century
- Wikipedia: Bavaria in the 19th century and beyond
- Wikipedia: Administrative districts (Regierungsbezirke and Bezirke) of Bavaria
- Wikipedia: Map of the Landkreise of Bavaria
- Wikipedia: Bavaria is one of Germany's least densely populated states.
- The Duchy of Bavaria dates back to the year 555. In the 17th century, the Duke of Bavaria became a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire. The Kingdom of Bavaria existed from 1806 to 1918, when Bavaria became a republic. In 1946, the Free State of Bavaria reorganized itself on democratic lines. Bavaria has had a major influence on many events throughout European history. This link - History of Bavaria - is the source for almost anything you want to know about Bavaria's history.
- Wikipedia: History of Bavaria
- Wikipedia: Kingdom of Bavaria
- Wikipedia: Duchy of Bavaria
- Wikipedia: The German Empire
- Wikipedia: Holy Roman Empire
- Danube Swabian History
- Wikipedia: Swabia
- Bavarians foster different cultural identities: Franconia in the north, speaking East Franconian German, Bavarian Swabia in the south west, speaking Swabian German and Altbayern (so-called "Old Bavaria", the regions forming the "historic", pentagon-shaped Bavaria before the acquisitions through the Vienna Congress, nowadays the districts of the Upper Palatinate, Lower and Upper Bavaria). In Munich the Old Bavarian dialect was spoken, but nowadays mainly High German.
- Bavarian culture (Altbayern) has a long and predominant tradition of Roman Catholic faith. Pope Emeritus, Benedict XVI (Joseph Alois Ratzinger), was born in Marktl am Inn in Upper Bavaria and was Cardinal-Archbishop of Munich and Freising. Otherwise, the Franconian and Swabian regions of the modern State of Bavaria are historically more diverse in religion, with both Catholic and Protestant traditions. As of 2010, 54.4% of Bavarians still adhere to Roman Catholicism, though the number is on the decline; 20.4% of the population adheres to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria; Muslims make up 4.0% of the population; and 21.2% of Bavarians are irreligious or adhere to other religions.
- Bavarians emphasize pride in their traditions. Traditional costumes collectively known as Tracht are worn on special occasions and include, in Altbayern, Lederhosen for males and Dirndl for females. Centuries-old folk music is performed. The Maibaum, or Maypole (which in the Middle Ages served as the community's yellow pages, as figurettes on the pole represent the trades of the village), and the bagpipes in the Upper Palatinate region bear witness to the ancient Celtic and Germanic remnants of cultural heritage of the region. There are a lot of traditional Bavarian sports disciplines, e.g. the Aperschnalzen is an old tradition of competitive whipcracking.
- Cuisine in Bavaria has many dishes in common with Austria and Switzerland. It is known for its beer gardens, pretzels, potato dishes and beet dishes. Meats and noodles, coffee cakes and fruit cakes. Oktoberfest, beer gardens, castles, wood working, and alpine sports are all part of Bavarian culture.
- Wikipedia: Bavarian cuisine
- LonelyPlanet: Bavaria
- LonelyPlanet: Top 10 reasons to visit Bavaria
- WikiTravel: Bavaria
- Tripadvisor: Things to Do in Bavaria
- Wikipedia: Category:Museums in Bavaria
- Wikipedia: Bavarian National Museum
- Tripadvisor: Museums in Bavaria
- Guide to Bavaria: Museums and Galleries
Research Help and Regional Resources
Online Resource Compilations
- Genealogy.net: Online Familienbücher aka OFBs (regional family books). Also see THIS PAGE for Familienbücher that are not available online, but our members will do lookups for you.
- Genealoger: Family History and Genealogy Resources: Bavaria
- German Genealogical Society of MN: Bavaria Resources and Email Lists
- Wikipedia: Portal - Bavaria
- Wikipedia: Category - Bavaria
- WikiTree G2G: a good source for Coburg, Bayern, Deutschland
- Genealohie-Kiening: Genealogy and house chronicles in the area northwest of Munich
- The Ancestor Hunt: free online resources for international newspapers: see the section for Germany.
- Genealogy.net: GenWiki, main page
- German Roots.com: German Genealogy Resources on the Internet
- WikiTree Category: Germany Genealogy Resources
- WikiTree: Germany Project Resources
- Archion.de: Protestant church records from Bavaria ($subcription site)
- Matricula: Catholic Church records
- FamilySearch: Germany, Bavaria, Catholic Church Records, 1650-1875
- FamilySearch: Ansbach, Middle Franconia, Brenner Collection of Genealogical Records, 1550-1900 at FamilySearch
- FamilySearch: Bavaria: Nuremberg Civil Registration, 1803-1886
- Bavarian State Library: Digitized Historical Newspapers
- GenTeam.eu: register for an account and you'll get access to databases containing records in Vienna, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Passau, Nuernberg, Bayreuth, etc.
- FamilySearch: Germany Online Genealogy Records
- FamilySearch: German Church Records
- FamilySearch: German Civil Registration
- TripAdvisor: Churches & Cathedrals in Bavaria
- Bavaria.by: Churches and Monasteries
- Wikipedia: Category:Churches in Bavaria
- Wikipedia: Category:Religious buildings and structures in Bavaria
- FamilySearch: Germany Church Directories
- FamilySearch: German Jewish Records
- Wikipedia: Religion in Germany
- Germany Genealogy Group: German Emigration Database
- Historisches Museum Bremerhaven: German Emigrant Database
- Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild: Transcribed Ships Manifests Departing from Germany. Ports of departure include: Altona, Bremen, Bremerhaven, Cuxhaven, Geestemunde, Hamburg, Stettin, Swinemunde (currently Swinoujscie, Poland), German Unspecified Ports
- GermanRoots.com: Online German Emigration Records, Lists and Indexes
- GermanyRoots: Ship's Database
- WikiTree Immigration/Emigration Categories:
- FindAGrave: Cemeteries in Bavaria (Bayern)
- FamilySearch: Bavaria (Bayern) Cemeteries
- TripAdvisor: Old Cemetery Berchtesgaden
- International Jewish Cemetery Project: Fuerth, Bayern
- The German Way: Death and Funerals
- WorldCat Library Search
- Archive.org: published Bavaria Genealogical works with free access
- Bavarian State Library Online
- Munich DigitiZation Center (MDZ): search the Digital Collections
Colleges and Universities
- They often have local records and have professors who are versed in local lore so can be a wonderful resource and many are multilingual.
- Wikipedia: Category:Universities and colleges in Bavaria
- Study in Bavaria: info for international students
- UniRank: Top Universities in Bavaria
Local Phone Books
- Library of Congress Address/Telephone Directories from Germany
Local Genealogy Groups
- WikiTree: List of Addresses for Family Research in Germany
WikiTree Free Space Pages and One-Place Studies
- Have you created a page that you'd like included below? Add a profile comment below with a link to what you would like to contribute. The following pages were created by our project members:
- Agilolfing Nobility in Early Bavaria by Jack Day
- Thansüß place study by Joe Kohl
- Munich (Muechen), Germany by Germany Project
- The Stem Duchy of Bavaria by Germany Project
- English: Category: Bavaria, Germany (37 subcategories)
- German: Category: Bayern, Deutschland (37 subcategories, different than above)
In Germany a number of different written languages and dialects were used. Below are some links to sites which may help you with old documents.
- Wikipedia: Sütterlin
- FamilySearch: Germany - Handwriting
- Wikipedia: Kurrent
- Wikipedia: Blackletter
- Wikipedia: Fraktur
- Wikipedia: ß
- WikiMedia: Brockhaus 1894 Deutsche Mundarten (map)
- Latin phrases because many old records are written in Latin this is a handy list of commonly used Latin phrases.
- WikiTree: Genealogy Glossary of multiple languages using common genealogy related words.
Last updated by Traci Thiessen: 19 Jul 2022