Beasley Y-STR Blue Group

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Surnames/tags: Beasley Beesley Beezley
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The Blue Group (aka BLUE CLAN) Haplotype at the FTDNA Beasley project is one of ten YDNA confirmed Haplotypes of the Beasley Surname, including the varient spellings Beesley, Beazley, and Beezley. Extrapolating the EKAs of all tested BLUE GROUP lineages suggest that the earliest common ancestor was likely born no later than 1600 BCE. The only group with an earlier range is the YELLOW GROUP.

The first major Haplotype to be discovered in 2008, now with more than two dozen matching Y-STR tests and 11 Big Y tests, we have a lot more detail about the BLUE GROUP. There are 9 known lineage trees within this Haplotype that appear to be linked to a common Beasley ancestor no later than the early to mid 17th century.

Group Time Tree BLUE GROUP

With Big Y testing we can now indicate the relative positions of many of those lineages by historically recent SNPs. Refer to the chart above for the discussion below.



This is oldest common Haplogroup for all BLUE GROUP lineages tested so far using Big Y. It is represented by 2 Big Y tests and 3 additional closely matching Y-STR tests. All are documented descendants of John Beasley Sr. (abt.1745-aft.1808) who died in 1808 in Darlington County, SC, married to Margaret Smith. His date of birth is estimated and disputed, often said to be a specific date in 1755, but it is likely to be earlier. A common error in public trees suggest what this man was from the Craven County NC Beasleys (See John Beesley of Rutherford TN vs John Beasley of Darlington SC). This is disproved by a close look at documentation but now proven conclusively by Y-SNP testing. The Craven County Group has a downstream mutation from this Haplogroup.

The first generation or two of descendants are difficult to differentiate and further Y testing may help sort it out.


This Haplogroup represents the well-known Craven County Beasleys. The Earliest Known Ancestor of this group was John Beasley (abt.1685-1755). He was first found in Baltimore MD in the early 18th century before migrating, along with allied families, to Craven County, NC near New Bern near a location once known as Beasley Island. He had 5 Beasley sons documented in his will, two of whom (Solomon (Beesley) Beasley (abt.1707-aft.1789) and Oxford Beasley (1710-1741) have well documented descendants including John Beesley (abt.1755-abt.1819) who is commonly conflated with John Beasley of Darlington SC (above). There are two Big Y tests and an additional six closely matching Y-STR tests representing this group in the project.


This SNP has actually subdivided into three distinct downstream Haplogroups represented by seven Big Y tests. The earliest ancestor known in all of these groups was The likely EKA of this group was William Beesley (abt.1680-bef.1715). He died in Baltimore MD in the early 18th century. The first couple of generations of his descendants are difficult to track because they were back-woods pioneers in Northern and Western Virginia. We've been able to establish sufficient documentation to link him with John Beezley (abt.1750-1812) (see Some Beasley Families of the Colonial South Part 3). It is technically possible that the three following Haplogroups, being more closely related than those above, could be descended from William.


The confirmed common ancestor was John Beezley (abt.1750-1812), the fourth great grandfather of the author of this account. The descendants of his four sons are well established in documentation, most of whom used the Beezley spelling and migrated from their home near Cincinnati OH across the northern and central US to the Pacific Ocean. This lineage is represented by two Big Y tests and one additional closely matching Y-STR test. The Haplogroup is also represented by a lineage headed by William T H Beezley (1822-1898) who was born in Ohio but moved early to Texas. He was likely a son of an uncle of John Beezley (abt.1750-1812).


The EKA of this lineage,, was found in Pendleton County in western South Carolina. His descendants moved early to Georgia and west from there. Correspondence with families related to John Beezley (abt.1750-1812) (above) suggest a possible known family relationship. This lineage is also commonly believed to have descended from the Craven County Beasleys, but the testing proves otherwise. This group is confirmed by three Big Y tests (all Beasleys by birth, one changed his last name later). There are three additional closely related Y-STR tests in this lineage. It is technically possible that this group could be descended from William Beesley (abt.1680-bef.1715)


This group is represented by two Big Y tests of two lineages where the connection has not been found: John Beesley (1782-1870) and John N. Beasley (abt.1815-aft.1900). It is technically possible that these lineage could be descended from William Beesley (abt.1680-bef.1715)


There are two additional BLUE GROUP lineages for which we have not yet obtained Big Y testing: Edmond Beasley (abt.1797-abt.1857) and Daniel Beasley (abt.1765-1838). Each have one closely matching Y-STR tests.


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