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Betsy Walker Sources

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Location: North Carolina, United Statesmap [uncertain]
Surname/tag: Walker, Leatherwood, Hyde, Cherokee
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Genealogy Sources related to Betsey Walker

This page is to gather in one place sources related to Elizabeth "Betsy" M. Walker (abt.1732-abt.1756), of North Carolina or Tennessee, who was said to be a full-blooded Cherokee, and her many descendants.

She is easily confused with her daughter, Elizabeth (Walker) Leatherwood (1753-1835).

She is referenced in many places as an ancestor to many people, but primary sources are hard to find. Hopefully this page will help people find sources relevant to Walker-Leatherwood-Hyde genealogy.

Betsey Walker is also known as: Elizabeth Walker, and Betsie or Betsy Walker. She was apparently the ancestor of many people.

The 1906 Guion Miller Applications

When the US government approved compensation payments to Cherokees and their descendants, many people applied for these benefits. The applications are great genealogy source material because they often list ancestors and other family relationships. There appear to have been some 45,000 Eastern Cherokee Applications filed between 1906 and 1909.

So many applicants cited Betsey Walker as their Cherokee ancestor, that the commission wrote a special report analyzing those applications specifically and why they were denied. Denial does not necessarily mean that she was not a Cherokee Indian, but only that she was not on the approved rolls of Cherokee.

The applications are on-line at Family Search. They are only partially indexed. You can look up a person, and find their application number, but then you still have to look through hundreds of pages to find it. If you find it on this page, though, all you have to do is click the application number to be taken straight to the first page of the application.

The overview of the Eastern Cherokee Applications is here. If you scroll down on that page, you will see the links to the on-line images.

The following table should help you find some of the many "Betsy Walker" Applications. For genealogical purposes, the whole should be greater than the sum of the parts. These are the best "primary sources" available for many of these people. Be aware that it is not complete -- there may be many more related claimants not shown here.

You may sort this table by clicking the headers.

The Betsey Walker Cherokee Applications 1906-1909

Surname Applicant Application # DOB POB Ancestors Notes
Ashe Rebecca Evelyn (Gibbs) Ashe (1883-1953) 3597 25 Sept 1883 Elizabeth Hyde, Elizabeth Leatherwood 7 generations, son, William Herman Ashe b. June 1904
Ashe Ellen E. (Bumgarren) Ashe 5448
Bettis Maud H. Bettis 34819 15 Jun 1885 Cherokee Co. NC Sherrill, Edward Leatherwood.
Bradley Mary L. Bradley 34586 15 May 1873 Jackson Co., NC John Buford Raby, Leatherwood & Betsie Walker
Cline Amanda Cline 4558 19 Mar 1886 Haywood County, NC Hyatt
Cowan Roxie Belle Cowan 34793 30 Mar 1880 Jackson County, NC Sherrill, Edward Leatherwood.
Craig Mary J. Craig 34798 24 Nov 1866 Jackson County, NC Edward Leatherwood
Euloe Willis L Euloe (Eulow) 37040 1839 Haywood County, NC Samuel Leatherwood (father)
Harrell Nancy V. Harrell 35440
Hyde William P Hyde 500 4 May 1840 Haywood County, NC Elizabeth/Edward Leatherwood
Jackson Julia E (Thompson) Jackson 30094 1868 North Carolina Thompson, Battle Husband: Geo. G. Jackson
Jenkins Nancy Jenkins 4556
Leatherwood William H. Leatherwood 34731
Leatherwood Jasper Newton Leatherwood (1844-1913) 35436
Leatherwood Lucious Baxter Leatherwood 35433
Leatherwood Robert M Leatherwood 35434
Leatherwood Charlie L. Leatherwood 35435
Leatherwood James R. Leatherwood 35437
Leatherwood Loucinda Leatherwood 35439
Leatherwood Louis B. Leatherwood 35438
Leatherwood Edward Leatherwood 35441 6 Aug 1838 Haywood NC Edward Leatherwood, Eliz. Walker
McDaniel Nancy T. McDaniel 34979 2 Sept 1848 Jackson County, NC Hyatt, Eliz. Leatherwood
Moody Charles Rector Moody 34980 11-Feb-1878 Haywood County, NC …and the father of said John Leatherwood was Edward Leatherwood. The wife of Edward Leatherwood was Elizabeth Walker, daughter of Betsy, who was a full blooded Indian & informed that she was on roll of 1835. 
Moody Harvey L. Moody misc. Testimony 1657 17 March 1868 Jackson County, NC Hyatt, Leatherwood "…Betsey Walker who was the sister of Richard or Dick Walker who was full blood Cherokees."
Moody Cordelia Moody 32492 c. 1866 Jackson County, NC Farley, Hall, Hyde, Leatherwood "Betsy Walker was raised at Dillsboro Jackson County N. C. But at that time it was Buncombe County, N.C. & I suppose she moved to Georgia. Her Daughter Betsey married Edward Leatherwood."
Moody Harvey L. Moody 32491
Nations Laura Nations 2026 3 May 1886 Whithies(?), Swain County, NC Massey, Gibbs, Battles "great-grandmother Betsey Walker, Cherokee." "Betsy Walker and Dick Walker and Susan Walker" (lived with tribe).
Nations C. C. Nations 29330 1 Sept 1884 Swain County, NC Sherrill, Battle, Hyde, Leatherwood
Nichols Samantha Nichols 2515 Sherrill, Battle, Hyde, Leatherwood, Thompson, Black Attempts to give indian name of Betsy Walker
Raby John Bedford Raby 37041
Rochester Nora Ellen Rochester 13867
Seay Eliza (Burns) Seay 4555 1843 Macon County, NC Burns, Walker her children: Emmer Faris, Dollie Jones, John N Seay, Bettie Wright, Maggie Morris, Amanda Hicks, Ben J Seay, Noah (?) Sey, Mattie Abbot, Uriah Hays Seay.
Sherill George C. Sherrill 13860 1859 Qualla Township, Jackson County, NC Richard Walker & Betsie Walker, Elisha Hyatt.
Sherrell Elisha C. Sherrell 13335 1851 Jackson, Qualla Township Richard Walker & Betsie Walker, Elisha Hyatt. Joseph B Sherrill (Guardian)
Sherrill Henry Sherrill (guardian) 10388 Swain County, NC Walker, Leatherwood, Elbert N. Hyde Betsy Walker (Gus-dar-sie)
Sherrill William B Sherrill 11379
Sherrill Joseph Burton Sherrill 13882
Sherrill Lycurgus L. Sherrill 34791
Shuler Margaret Shuler 4559
Smith William Thomas Smith 35442
Smith Reuben P. Smith 34553
Suttlemyre Lou Ella Suttlemyre 34588 22-Apr-76 Jackson Co., NC Raby, Sherrill, Leatherwood, Walker.
Thompson James A. Thompson 9572 4-Oct-1828 Swain County, NC Thompson, Hester Black He is not descended from Betsy Walker, but he mentions his wife's case who is a descendant. See Transcription.
Thompson Nancy Ann (Battle) Thompson 9570 25-Dec-1826 Swain County, NC Battle, Benjamin Hyde, Betsy Leatherwood States that Betsy Walker was "a half Cherokee and Negroes".
Thompson Nancy Ann (Battle) Thompson 22813 25-Dec-1826 Swain County, NC Battle, Benjamin Hyde, Betsy Leatherwood Dup of #9570
Thompson James A. Thompson 22812 4-Oct-1828 Swain County, NC Thompson, Hester, Black Dup. of #9572
Wiggins Lillie Wiggins 4557 Farley, Ben Hyde. Walkers

The table above was created with this tool.

Research Notes

So far, we have found 46 applicants which relate to Betsy Walker.

You will see the notation "With #500" on many applications. Application #500 was the examiner's original "Betsy Walker" application, and they refer many others to it. The notation "Betsy Walker case" is also common. Their logic was if an ancestor was deemed to be on the rolls, then everyone descended from that ancestor should be admitted. On the other hand, if an ancestor was not on the rolls, then everyone claiming from that ancestor should be denied.

Many times related applications appear with sequential numbers. Families submitted their applications as a group, or used the same lawyer, who submitted them together, therefore they were assigned sequential application numbers. If you find an application you are interested in, be sure to look forward and backward a few applications to possibly find related applications.

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Denial by Guion Miller DOES mean she was not a Cherokee. The Dawes rolls, for land allotment in Oklahoma, have nothing to do with the Guion Miller Roll except that both identified Cherokee people. Thousands of Cherokee descendants not living in Indian Terrority are included on the Guion Miller Roll because their ancestors as far back as 1835 were Cherokee. About 60,000 non-Cherokee were listed on and/or filed Eastern Cherokee/Guion Miller applications. Some applicants genuinely believed they had a Cherokee ancestor, others were outright frauds encouraged and abetted by unscrupulous attorneys.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes