Surnames/tags: Boisdoré Bois Doré Bois Dor
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1. Define Boisdore
2. Provide the historical transitions of the name Boisdore.
3. Identify with categorization the profiles of Boisdore family members.
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French to English translation: bois doré [m] gilded woodwork
bois doré noun, masculine gilded wood n
bois m —wood n · timber n · lumber n · forest n · woodwind n · firewood n
bois pl m —woods pl · antler n · timbers pl · forests pl · woodlands pl
doré —gilded · golden adj
doré m —gold 
French dit Boisdore
Dit Boisdore is a French dit noun. (Names, persons, place, things)
The name Boisdore in French custom names, identifies or distinguishes something about the person or family. Boisdore was also spelled Bois Dor, or Bois Dore. This French dit name was carried from France to Nouvelle-France and Nouvelle France Louisianne. It refers to a master craftsman gold guilder. It remains a modern gilding term of art and craftsmanship.
Dit Boisdore may have also referred to a French seigneury named Bois-dore, Bois-Barbeau, Bois-Barbot in France. These were farms or plantations that manged wood or forests often for the King.
Boisdore may have become an attached French dit name to the Barbeau family because of the Barbeau craftsman who may have work on building Versaille's as carpenters and gold gilders. Baraboo-1 18:51, 27 November 2022 (UTC)
Eventually most French dit names were dropped as families became assimilated in North America, and usage discontinued in France after the French Revolution.Baraboo-1 18:51, 27 November 2022 (UTC)
In North America, Nouvelle France, Nouvelle France Louisiane and Luisiana, Nueva España, Boisdore was first used as a French dit identifier. ( dit Boisdore, dite Boisdore)
( Pending Edit)
In North America, Nouvelle France, Louisiane, Luisiana and Nueva España, Boisdore was first used as a French dit identifier. ( dit Boisdore m, dite Boisdore fe) French dit identifiers often are names for family relationships, geographical locations, military service, occupations etc. French dit nouns are not aliases which are incorrect English translations. The dit is not a French de or du which are Royal conveyances. Dit names were not royal conveyances, they were most often family created.
All Boisdore names in North America came from the Barbeau dit Boisdore family who migrated to Nouvelle France from France circa 1632 and migrated from France and Nouvelle France to French Louisianne circa 1722.
French families had specific customs, (Coutume de Paris) in regard to family names. French women kept their name upon marriage not changing it to their husband's.
Children would receive their fathers last name. Most ancestral dit names were given (or passed) from the father. French families during that time would often adjust the spelling of their given names to distinguish their family line. ( i.e. The many name variants !)
In Nouvelle France the Barbeau dit Boisdore family eventually dropped the dit Boisdore after the defeat of the French by the English circa 1763. ( In many documents and family trees genealogists and family historians incorrectly continued to use the dit names.)
In Louisianne the Boisdore family went through three transitions.
First it started as Barbeau dit Boisdore circa 1772, (French Mobile, New Orleans, Illinois etc.),
Then it transitioned to Spanish circa 1763 in New Orleans to Barbeau, Barbaud Boisdore without the dit.
Spain and France were bourbon cousins but their naming customs were different. The British occupied west Florida after 1763 and the majority of French families migrated west of the Pearle River ( Later a part of Mississippi) which was the new boundary with Spain. The Barbeau dit Boisdore familiy assimilated into the Spanish government and culture.
After the start of the French Revolution the Barbeau dit Boisdore in Spanish Louisianne dropped the dit use.
Most of the Barbeau dit Boisdore families became Barbeau except for , one or two Barbeau dit Boisdore family lines changed to Boisdore.
Boisdore is more of a Spanish spelling then Barbeau, and assimualte better with their their Spanish Military service, Spanish land grants and marriages with Spanish families.
In addition, Free People of Color of African, Indian, Creole and West Indies origins who became Free People of Color through manumission, the purchase of their slave contract, release from slavery because of the violation the the French "Code Noir" and or by French custom at the death of a slave owner and who were a part of the Barbeau dit Boisdore family in French Louisianne and Spanish Luisiana largely took Boisdore as their surnames.
The same Free People of Color who became Boisdore also had slaves and who upon their manumission they also kept the Boisdore name.
All Boisdore names in North America came and transitioned from the Barbeau dit Boisdore family lines.
In Canada they stayed Barbeau.
In Louisiana some stayed Barbeau, others transitioned to (Spanish) Boisdore and Free People of Color adopted Boisdore.
The French dit Boisdore identifies and distinguishes the Barbeau family through its definition and its connection to French Seigneuries.
When researching period French, Catholic and Spanish documents the spellings are transcribed and translated according to the French, Latin and Spanish language at that time and what was heard when pronounced.
Barbeau Family dit Boisdore name.
In Europe the use of dit Boisdore is often discovered used by the Barbeau and Barbot families in several regions in France. (Paris, Bretagne, Poitu) This use can be found prior to its use in North America and thus was brought to Nouvelle France and Nouvelle France Louisiane by the Barbeau ancestors. It is possible that the Barbeau family dit Boisdore use may have identified with family members who were master gilding wood carpenters.
In North America one of the Barbeau family lines that migrated from France to Nouvelle France and Nouvelle France Louisiane exclusively used the dit name Boisdore from about 1632 . (Joseph Barbeau dit Boisdore versus Kirk Brothers)
The Barbeau dit Boisdore ancestors and descendants in Nouvelle France extensively identified themselves with dit (dite) Boisdore and distinguished by name themselves from the Barbeau dit Poitevin, Barbeau dit LaForest and Barbeau dit Lafontaine family lines found at the same time in Nouvelle France.
In Luisiana, Nueva España, some Spanish documents (Militia, land grant records) used Boisdore (Bois-dore) as a surname instead of Barbeau dit Boisdore during the pre-American period in Louisiana . ( One of the most famous cases of Spanish Boisdore use is listed below in the U.S. Supreme Court case.)
Free persons of color who transitioned from being a slave to a free person from the Barbeau family line in Nouvelle France Louisiane and Luisiana, Nueva España often took Boisdore as their family surname. Those Boisdore family descendants continue to this day to use the Boisdore name.
Vacherie de Monsieur Boisdore
The Map of the Rigolet and the mouth of the Pearl River, Louisiana and Mississippi that is attached identify s the " Vacherie de Monsieur Boisdore" area from Bay de St Louis to the Pearle river.
Inscribed on the top of the map is the defined area.
|Vacherie de Monsieur Boisdore" (Louis Joseph Barbeau dit Boisdore).|
Louis Barbeau dit Boisdore was given a grant by the Spanish Governor of Louisiane for the purpose of cultivating and cattle production. "Vacherie" refers to cattle production. He probably received the grant for his service as a Spanish officer in the American Revolution.
First, Louis's wife and later his heirs formally applied to the United States Government for an American deed to the property justified from the Spanish Land Grant that in the Louisiana purchase was conditioned for application.
Various results took place that changed the ownership and status of the original land grant. The Barbeau dit Boisdore ancestors never recovered the land. (Note: An excellent research report by "S.G. Thigpen" can be found at : http://www.hancockcountyhistoricalsociety.com/reference/vf.php?t=subjects&vf=BSL%201950%20To%201969&i=1 )
The Spanish authorities during Louis's time often used Luis Boisdore instead of Louis Joseph Barbeau dit Boisdore to identify Louis. 
Note: There is a Boisdore Avenue Pass Christian Mississippi It is probably named in regard to the Boisdore family that lived there and the Boisdore family that was connected to the land grant across the bay from Pass Christian in Bay de St Louis. Baraboo-1 20:23, 21 March 2020 (UTC) 
USA Supreme Court Case
Note: An excellent research report by "S.G. Thigpen" can be found: http://www.hancockcountyhistoricalsociety.com/reference/vf.php?t=subjects&vf=BSL%201950%20To%201969&i=1
This stems from a Spanish Land grant given to Louis Barbeau dit Boisdore and its validity in the United States.
United States v. Boisdore's Heirs, 49 U.S. 8 How. 113 113 (1850)
United States v. Boisdore's Heirs
BOOK A PAGE 1
Heirs of Don Louis Boisdore of New Orleans to Lewis Daniells for $1,690, land on Mulatto Bayou. Dated Sept. 9, 1826. Valery Nicholas of New Orleans appears as agent, substitute for Noel Jourdan. Full description of land, plus as bordering land of Francois Saucier, plus marsh lands in sections 2, 3, 35 and 36 [T and R not apparent, later identified as T9, R16, in suit on p. 7, below], and two islands, called Pea Island and Long Island. Includes appurtenances. Witnessed by Pray, signed by Nicholas. Deed later deposited with Sones, clerk of probate, as re-recording on June 28, 1853; he noted that it original was burned on morning of April 1, 1853. [NB: this is land that later was known as Clifton Plantation, and was sold to Andrew Jackson, Jr.] PAGE 4
Final decree in case of Lewis Daniells vs. Andrew Murphy and wife and other unknown heirs of Louis Boisdore, deceased. Judge declares for plaintiff, reciting history of Boisdore’s Spanish claim to large tract between Shieldsboro and Pearl River dating back to Sept. 14, 1824, which claim was reduced to 1,280 acres by US Supreme Court in 1850. [Copy of this court decision is available upon request.] Of the 1280 acres, Boisdore’s heirs had previously sold 676 and a fraction acre to Francois Saucier, leaving only 603 and a fraction to go to Daniells. Lands valued at $1.25 per acre. Judgment dated Aril 20, 1853.  
Boisdore family of New Orleans
Historical and Family excerpts.
Plauche near Bayou Rd; BOISDORE, FRANCOIS 
1832 New Orleans City Directory:
Boisdore Francois builder c. Orleans & Burgundy
Boisdore (sic) Adelaide, Miss Bayou Road n. Treme
Boisdore (sic) Chevalier gunsmith Villere n. Ursuline 
" The Boisdore family were prominent for over a hundred years in the development of Faubourg Treme. (New Orleans) Between 1800 and 1841 Francois Boisdore, free man of color, owned land on Esplanade between Treme and Marais. “In 1828 he contracted to build a maison de maitre on Bayou Road at Rue Treme for Marcely Cornu. In that same year on May 24 Boisdore married Josephine Sophia Livaudais, attesting in the marriage record that he was the natural son of Dubruisson Boisdore and Adelaide Boisdore.
Plan book 85, folio 14 in the New Orleans notarial archives shows F. Boisdore buying three lots on Villere corner Bayou Road in 1841. He sold 1260 Esplanade in 1844.
This Francois Boisdore and his neighbor Louis Dollioie thwarted the city's attempt to widen Esplanade through their plantations until a fair and proper price could be agreed upon. The negotiations lasted from 1832 to 1837. A plan ordered for the sale of fifteen lots by another neighbor, Frenchman Jean Mager, was drawn by surveyor Bourgerol in January of 1839.
The Boisdore and Dolliole land was clearly shown. Boisdore had the remainder of his land surveyed and auctioned in 1844.
The family continued to be prominent in land development, business, culture, and politics. “Francois Boisdore, Jr., was a bookkeeper for Pierre Cazenave, a leading undertaker and em-balmer. Boisdore was a talented orator, engaged in frequent debates for the Republican cause ... and became a school teacher after the Civil War. He died in the late 1890s."‘
Louis Boisdore, free man of color, is probably the cousin of the above Francois, because at his marriage to Louise Fernandez on December 27, 1827, he stated that he was the natural son of free person of color Louis Boisdore and Charlotte Morand.
M A Louis Boisdore, white native of New Orleans born in 1762, was a member of the Company of Distinguished Carabineer Militia of New Orleans and the New Orleans Militia Company in 1802. His 1802 service sheet stated that he was in robust health and not married.” A Marguerite Boisdore, free woman of color, was the cousin of Henriette Delille, who was the founder of the Sisters of the Holy Family. Marguerite owned 1609-11 St. Philip for at least a year between 1836 and 1837, indicating that she and her family were selling property in this neighborhood at the same time Francois, Sr., was selling so much land.
When Julia Boisdore, mulata libre, married Felipe Hazeur, also a mulato libre, they joined together at least three influential free colored families. The marriage was consecrated in the Church of St. Louis in December of 1801, and the record listed her father as "Francisco d'Orville, captain of the company of Pardos of this Plaza"; her mother was Isabelle Boisdore, daughter of either Louis or Francois. Felipe, the natural son of Rose Hazeur, was probably educated in France as were many of Rose's natural children; his father, probably white, was unnamed.  
Vieux Carré Commission Evaluation: No change: blue. The Soniat Guest House is housed in an outstanding Creole townhouse in the late Georgian style, which was built by builder François Boisdoré for Joseph Soniat Dufossat in 1829. An archival drawing from 1865 shows the dwelling with all round-headed openings on the ground floor rather than the existing square-headed doors and arched carriageway; with the original wrought iron galleries and without other alterations made after 1865.
Bois Dore Gilded Wood Craftsmanship
" French King Louis XIV owned one of the earliest pieces of furniture in the bois dore gilded wood style. Louis XIV and his royal cabinetmakers invented the quintessential French look in home furnishings for the soiree at Versailles. " 
|Style : Louis XIV - Régence Etat : Restauré, redoré Matière : Bois doré, marbre|
|Console en bois doré époque 19th century - style Louis XV Largeur au mur 1 m - Profondeur 45 cm - Hauteur 89 cm En parfait état avec son marbre|
- Spanish Boisdore Land Grant Map https://www.loc.gov/resource/g3982p.lh000944/?r=0.338,-0.137,0.502,0.274,0
- ↑ [(https://www.linguee.com/french-english/translation/bois+dor%C3%A9.html)]
- ↑ [( Excerpt was from my private research documents and and family history pending publication. Jerry Baraboo de Barbeau dit Boisdore. 2020 )]
- ↑ [( https://www.google.com/maps/place/Boisdore+Ave,+Mississippifirstname.lastname@example.org,-89.2813973,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x889c2fae1d75c26f:0xdf31cb20d7d4432!8m2!3d30.3067229!4d-89.2792086)]
- ↑ [(https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/49/113/case.html)]
- ↑ [( https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/52/63/)]
- ↑ [(http://www.hancockcountyhistoricalsociety.com/reference/deed-book-A.htm)]
- ↑ [(https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Barbeau-234)]
- ↑ [(http://www.hancockcountyhistoricalsociety.com/history/early-history-hancock-county--ms)]
- ↑ [(http://files.usgwarchives.net/la/orleans/history/directory/1842ad-i.txt)]
- ↑ [(http://files.usgwarchives.net/la/orleans/history/directory/1832nocd.txt)]
- ↑ [(http://www.hancockcountyhistoricalsociety.com/reference/vf.php?t=subjects&vf=Clifton%20Plantation&i=28)]
- ↑ [(New Orleans Architecture: Faubourg Tremé and the Bayou Road By Friends of the Cabildo, Roulhac Toledano, Mary Louise Christovich, Betsy Swanson pages 93 and 94 )]
- ↑ [(The Essence of Style: How the French Invented High Fashion, Fine Food, Chic By Joan E. DeJean, Professor Joan Dejean page 246 )]
- ↑ [(https://www.paulbert-serpette.com/en/catalog/categories/furniture/hall-tables-wall-tables/console-en-bois-dore)]
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