Boisdore Name Study

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Surnames/tags: Boisdoré Bois Doré Bois Dor
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This profile is part of the Boisdore Name Study.


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Please contact the Study's coordinator Gerald Baraboo or post a comment at the foot of the page. If you have any questions, just ask. Thanks!


This is a One Name Study to collect together in one place everything about one surname and the variants of that name. The hope is that other researchers like you will join our study to help make it a valuable reference point for people studying lines that cross or intersect.

Task List

1. Define Boisdore

2. Provide the historical transitions of the name Boisdore.

3. Identify with categorization the profiles of Boisdore family members.

4 Add a trusted person to the Boisdore One Name Study.

5. Add more European Boisdore and Barbeau dit Boisdore history.

6. Add an expanded source list.



When researching period French, Catholic and Spanish documents the different spellings are transcribed and translated according to the French, Latin and Spanish language used at that time and by what was pronounced.

French to English translation: bois doré [m] gilded woodwork

bois doré noun, masculine gilded wood n

bois m —wood n · timber n · lumber n · forest n · woodwind n · firewood n

bois pl m —woods pl · antler n · timbers pl · forests pl · woodlands pl

doré —gilded · golden adj

doré m —gold[1]

French dit names are identifiers for family relationships, geographical locations, military service, occupations, to be anonymous, historical occurrences etc. etc. [2] French dit nouns are not aliases which are incorrect English translations. The dit is not a French de or du which are Royal conveyances. Dit names were not royal conveyances, they were most often family created.

Historically , French families in Nouvelle France and French Louisianne followed specific customs, (Coutume de Paris) in regard to family names. French women kept their name upon marriage not changing it to their husband's.

Children would receive their fathers last name. Most ancestral dit names were given (or passed) from the father. There are rare examples of dit names passed from the mother's side, sometimes in tantum and especially if the names where historically significant. French families during that time would often adjust the spelling of their given names to distinguish their family line. ( i.e. The many name variants !)

In Nouvelle France the Barbeau dit Boisdore family eventually dropped the dit Boisdore after the defeat of the French by the English circa 1763, through Bas-Canada assimilation of records and after the French Revolution.(For a period after some Parish records continued to note dit names.), ( In many family trees genealogists and family historians incorrectly continued to use the dit names.)

Eventually most French dit names were dropped as families became assimilated in North America, and usage discontinued in France after the French Revolution.Baraboo-1 16:24, 9 January 2024 (UTC)

Barbeau Family dit Boisdore name.

In Europe the use of dit Boisdore is often discovered used by the Barbeau and some Barbot families in several regions in France. (Paris, Bretagne, Poitou) This use can be found prior to its use in North America and thus was brought to Nouvelle France and Nouvelle France Louisiane by the Barbeau Family ancestors. It is possible that the Barbeau family dit Boisdore use may have identified with family members who were master gilding wood carpenters. [3][4][5][6]

Dit Boisdore may have also referred to a French seigneury named Bois-dore, Bois-Barbeau, Bois-Barbot in France. These were agricultural farms or plantations that managed wood mills or forests for the King and or supplied products to the area Churches.

Boisdore may have become an attached French dit name to the Barbeau family because of the Barbeau craftsman who may have work on building Versaille's as carpenters and gold gilders. Baraboo-1 16:24, 9 January 2024 (UTC)

Boisdore remains a modern gilding term of art and craftsmanship.

In North America, Nouvelle France, Nouvelle France Louisiane and Luisiana, Nueva España, Boisdore was first used as a French dit identifier. ( dit Boisdore, dite Boisdore) [Circa 1632-1800]

The Barbeau family lines that migrated from France to Nouvelle France and Nouvelle France Louisiane used the dit name Boisdore from about 1632 at Quebec. . ( i.e. Joseph Barbeau dit Boisdore versus Kirk Brothers)

The Barbeau dit Boisdore ancestors and descendants in Nouvelle France extensively identified themselves with dit (dite) Boisdore and can be found in notary, land and Parish records. Other Nouvelle France Barbeau families used Barbeau dit Poitevin, Barbeau dit LaForest and Barbeau dit Lafontaine to distinguish Barbeau their family lines having migrated at about the same time from France. The use of dit names became a common practice in Nouvelle France.

The Barbeau dit Boisdore families that migrated to Louisianne [circa 1722] came from the Nouvelle France and France Barbeau family line. They initially established Plantations in and around Fort Conde, Mobile and were active in the Fur Trade. Later they raised cattle, became merchants, doctors, lawyers, real estate builders, soldiers and statesmen.

After the end of the French and Indian War in 1763 , French Louisanne became Luisiana, Nueva España. Most Spanish documents of the period ,"Militia, land grant records, buildings and civil records" , used Boisdore (Bois-dore) as a surname instead of Barbeau dit Boisdore especially after the French Revolution and the elimination the French Bourbon King, and did so until the pre-American period in Louisiana [1803] . (A famous case of Spanish Boisdore use from the Barbeau dit Boisdore family is listed below in the U.S. Supreme Court case.)

Spain and France were Bourbon cousins but their naming customs were different. The British occupied west Florida after 1763 and the majority of French families migrated west of the Pearle River ( Later a part of Mississippi) which was the new boundary with Spain. Many Barbeau dit Boisdore families assimilated into the Spanish government and culture. Other Barbeau dit Boisdore families dropped Boisdore and kept Barbeau.

Boisdore, {Bois Dor] is a closer Spanish and Bourbon spelling then Barbeau. The French Louisianne Barbeau dit Boisdore families that developed Spanish Military service, received Spanish land grants, became officials or had marriages with Spanish families transitioned to the Boisdore name.

After the end of the French Revolution the Barbeau dit Boisdore in Spanish Louisianne dropped the dit use given the changing in French naming customs.

Free People of Color of African, Indian, Creole and West Indies origins who became Free People of Color through manumission, the purchase of their slave contract, released from slavery because of the violation the the French "Code Noir" and or by French custom at the death of a slave owner and who were a part of the Barbeau dit Boisdore family in French Louisianne and Spanish Luisiana largely took Boisdore as their surnames. They became successful families and can traced their heritage to present day in New Orleans and other parts of Louisiana. Free People of Color who became Boisdore and also had slaves and whose slaves upon their manumission often kept the Boisdore name. Their Boisdore family descendants continue to this day their Boisdore surname

With one exception Barbeau dit Boisdore families of Canada maintained Barbeau.

In Louisiana French Barbeau dit Boisdore families mostly kept Barbeau, others transitioned to (Spanish) Boisdore and many Free People of Color adopted Boisdore. The majority of their descendants can be found in present day Louisiana, Illinois, Arkansas, Mississippi and Missouri.

Joseph Barbeau dit Boisdore and Louis Barbant [Barbeau][dit] Boisdore [a study], [French Nouvelle France Louisianne & Luisiana, Nueva España

" The Boisdore claim in southernmost Hancock County was contested for 67 years. The Boisdores were apparently old family with properties in Mobile and New Orleans.20

There is evidence in the Rousseve and Souvigny deeds from 1788 that Joseph Barbant de Boisdore had attained the deed to the land owned by Charles Marie LaLande. There is no mention of a date. Joseph Barbeau dit Boisdore was most likely the father of Luis, John and Anthony 21. He married the sister of Marguerite Wiltz, wife of Jean Claude and mother to Simon Favre, in 1747. But possibly only briefly since two years later there is a record of a marriage contract of Joseph Barland called Boisdore, native of Mobile, and Mary Jean Deslandis, widow of Chas. Rochon 22 in 1749 (New Orleans Genesis, vol. 8; 326-334)

Luis Boisdore was given land by Miro at Mosquitto Village, in fact most of the land south of Philip Saucier extending to Bay St. Louis (April 1, 1783). Luis also purchased the plantation of Baptiste Saucier, 12 February 1781, which he later transferred to John Chastang for four cows and their calves 7 October 1784.

Joseph may have moved to New Orleans after leaving his plantation to his sons, possibly in advance of the British occupation of West Florida. He (or someone with his name) may be the one living with his wife on the left side of St. Ursulle St. in New Orleans in 1778. At that time Joseph Boisdore and his wife were both over 49 years old, had 5 slaves, and no occupation listed. Ten years earlier Joseph was mentioned in a lawsuit in 1768 (Court case Joseph Boisdore versus Jean Villanave, 1768. In NO Genesis vol. 3, January 1964, no. 9).

The Boisdore family was clearly more allied with the Spanish than the British. When Spain re-occupied Hancock County in 1781, prior French interests were restored. Luis Boisdore, probably the son of Joseph, was granted claim to what was his father’s original claim in the southwest portion of Hancock County. The area granted was known as Achoucoupoulous and stretched from Bayou of Muschettoe Village to Phillip Saucier, and had been formerly inhabited by Mr. Lussen (American State Papers 1789-1809, Public Lands 1, Class VIII, page 6). Boisdore wanted to use the land for a plantation and a vacherie or cow pen.

There are at least two Luis Boisdores: The one to whom Governor Estevan Miro granted a tract of land along the Gulf Coast from Bayou of Mosquito Village (presently Mulatto Bayou) to Bay St. Louis on April 1, 1783 was probably Louis Boisdore, a gunsmith from New Orleans (Swanson n.d.; page 286, Plat). The other Louis or Luis was Louis Barbant Boisdore, merchant of New Orleans. We find that John and Anthony, his brothers, sell the plantation inherited from his father in St. Louis, north of Mobile 19 July 1759. Apparently the same year his father left his plantation to his sons, Luis married (Marriage Contract of Louis Barband Boisdore widower of Marie M. Devert, 1759, (NO Genesis vol. 3, January 1964, no. 9).

Luis must have re-married, as after his death in 1788, his widow Marguerite Doussin petitioned both the Spanish and American for confirmation of the Boisdore claim. The same Luis was probably a militiaman in New Orleans in 1770 (From Robichaux, 1973:12). In a document dated 12 September 1770 we read of the Four Companies of militia of New Orleans. Fusiliers (Fourth Company) and that Luis Boisdore lived in House no. 11, Rear of City: Louis Boisdore. Total 324 signed by O’Reilly. On December 31, 1779, Luis Boisdore is mentioned as city steward in New Orleans (Kuntz Collection, Tulane 1981).

The other Luis Boisdore was dead well before the land claims were confirmed. Luis Boisdore’ 23, (possibly a brother of Joseph’s) was a sergeant was killed during an ambush by a party of Chickasaws Indians on August 1, 1754. He fell near Natchez under the impetuous leadership of Sieur de La Morliere. This lieutenant disregarded the advice of the Ofogoulas Indians, members of the party, who were attempting to recover four had kidnapped women. The event is vividly described in official correspondence:

La Morliere “Made impatient by the delay and by the behavior of the Indians in such a case, did not wait for the agreed signal to present himself with his troops. The enemies, hidden in the reeds, singled them out and fired their volley at them. Sieur de La Morliere was the first to be killed by several gunshots. The Indians of our party, seeing their precautions made useless, decamped each in his own direction. The soldiers held out for some time, notably the man named Boisdors, sargeant, who was overwhelmed by numbers, covered with wounds. After the most stubborn resistance and after having used up all his ammunition [he] sold the rest of his life for knife blows.” 24

Clealry boisdore was a prominent citizen in the area. The bayou presently called Mulatto is often also called Bayou Boisdore as seen in documents dated from 1788 and 1828 respectively. (American State Papers, Public Lands, Vol. V, :784-5; Swanson, 1988). It may be that the Boisdores never moved on the land, even though Boisdore is credited with building the “Claiborne House” in 1800. Luis apparently died in 1788 (Succession of Louis Boisdore, 1788; NO Genesis, no. 14, 124-132) and his widow would attempt, with marginal success to confirm the original deed first with the Spanish authorities and after with the US officials. Augustin Mallet is mentioned as the caretaker of the Boisdore claim, in the original deed. "

Vacherie de Monsieur Boisdore

The Map of the Rigolet and the mouth of the Pearl River, Louisiana and Mississippi that is attached identify s the " Vacherie de Monsieur Boisdore" area from Bay de St Louis to the Pearle river.

Inscribed on the top of the map is the defined area.

Vacherie de Monsieur Boisdore" (Louis Joseph Barbeau dit Boisdore).

Louis Barbeau dit Boisdore was given a grant by the Spanish Governor of Louisiane for the purpose of cultivating and cattle production. "Vacherie" refers to cattle production. He probably received the grant for his service as a Spanish officer in the American Revolution.

First, Louis's wife and later his heirs formally applied to the United States Government for an American deed to the property justified from the Spanish Land Grant that in the Louisiana purchase was conditioned for application.

Various results took place that changed the ownership and status of the original land grant. The Barbeau dit Boisdore ancestors never recovered the land. (Note: An excellent research report by "S.G. Thigpen" can be found at : )

The Spanish authorities during Louis's time often used Luis Boisdore instead of Louis Joseph Barbeau dit Boisdore to identify Louis. [7]

Note: There is a Boisdore Avenue Pass Christian Mississippi It is probably named in regard to the Boisdore family that lived there and the Boisdore family that was connected to the land grant across the bay from Pass Christian in Bay de St Louis. Baraboo-1 20:23, 21 March 2020 (UTC) [8]

USA Supreme Court Case

Note: An excellent research report by "S.G. Thigpen" can be found:

This stems from a Spanish Land grant given to Louis Barbeau dit Boisdore and its validity in the United States.

United States v. Boisdore's Heirs, 49 U.S. 8 How. 113 113 (1850)

United States v. Boisdore's Heirs

49 U.S. (8 How.) 113 [9] [10]


Heirs of Don Louis Boisdore of New Orleans to Lewis Daniells for $1,690, land on Mulatto Bayou. Dated Sept. 9, 1826. Valery Nicholas of New Orleans appears as agent, substitute for Noel Jourdan. Full description of land, plus as bordering land of Francois Saucier, plus marsh lands in sections 2, 3, 35 and 36 [T and R not apparent, later identified as T9, R16, in suit on p. 7, below], and two islands, called Pea Island and Long Island. Includes appurtenances. Witnessed by Pray, signed by Nicholas. Deed later deposited with Sones, clerk of probate, as re-recording on June 28, 1853; he noted that it original was burned on morning of April 1, 1853. [NB: this is land that later was known as Clifton Plantation, and was sold to Andrew Jackson, Jr.] PAGE 4

Final decree in case of Lewis Daniells vs. Andrew Murphy and wife and other unknown heirs of Louis Boisdore, deceased. Judge declares for plaintiff, reciting history of Boisdore’s Spanish claim to large tract between Shieldsboro and Pearl River dating back to Sept. 14, 1824, which claim was reduced to 1,280 acres by US Supreme Court in 1850. [Copy of this court decision is available upon request.] Of the 1280 acres, Boisdore’s heirs had previously sold 676 and a fraction acre to Francois Saucier, leaving only 603 and a fraction to go to Daniells. Lands valued at $1.25 per acre. Judgment dated Aril 20, 1853. [11] [12][13]

" CHAPTER 1 - THE DEED SEARCH Since this project began with a deed search, it is only fitting that the “smoking Gun” deed to the most uninterrupted list of ownership for one of the most prominent concession, the Boisdore Claim, be introduced first. This document, and those associated with it, provides evidence for possession in Hancock County from the time of Bienville throughout the multinational history of the County. In the process, a number of names will repeat; further in this text, the significance of each will be addressed in separate sections.

The Boisdore family received their deed in Hancock County in 1781.5 They were related through marriage to the Collon family, and the Favres. Like many French settlers they moved from Mobile to New Orleans to escape the British occupation of West Florida that began in 1763. They took possession of the region upon the defeat of Great Britain and the return of Spanish rule. The name Boisdore still appears on topographic maps, bayous, and in some descriptions of the Ancient Earthwork, also known as the Boisdore Fortification. Many of the early historical characters that would inhabit southwest Hancock County are mentioned in the deed transaction of Charles Souvigny and John Baptiste Roussere (or Rousseve). Among them were Bienville, Diron D’Artaguette, LaLande, Boisdore, Meminger and Collon. We will meet each one and more as we progress through our history.

On the 10th March 1788, twenty arpens tract by forty deep, lying on Pearl River, was granted by Stephen Miro to Charles Souvigny. The same quantity of land was granted on the 2nd of June 1788 by governor Miro to John Baptiste Roussere, Roussere having purchased the title of Charles Souvigny. The two grants were united in favor of John Baptiste Roussere by John Morales, on June 21, 1805, William Crawford, commissioner.

The original grant, dated 7 November 1733, by M. Bienville to M. Diron has not been produced, and is not mentioned except for the conveyance from Charles Marie de La Lande and his wife to Joseph Barbant de Boisedore. There is no known evidence that M. Diron was the original grantee. However, de la Lande the first seller appears to have been confirmed to Bienville by D’Abbadie, Director General of New Orleans. The chain of title from M. Bienville to the present claimant is therefore unbroken.

Confirmed grant given by Miro (Morales), Trudeau survey, grant of Souvigny and Roussere united, 1600 arpens, 7 miles above Pearl’s mouth at Rigolets, bound by land granted to the widow Meminger, late Margaret Collon and other side vacant. Parallel boundaries run back N81d 30 m E (needle declination 8d30ne). Confirms that these grants were made 10 March and 2 June 1788 by Miro, 21 June 1805, John Ventura Morales.

The Boisdore claim was still being debated when the area became part of the United States in 1816. Together with their neighbors and successors, the Boisdore, Favres, Sauciers, Rousseve and Collon these families populate the County to this day. Many other settlers, British, Spanish, American and Indians are discussed throughout this book. Their land transactions, personal letters and official documents serve to put a human face on the archaeological and historical reconstruction of their lives and times from the mid-18th to the mid 19th centuries.

It is imperative in historical archaeology, to identify and delineate the land boundaries and transactions of early settlers. Historic maps, deeds, surveys and wills provide the location of buildings and the historical context for dating artifacts and features. In the project area we are fortunate to have the works of world-renowned surveyors.

The systematic mapping of the Northern Gulf Coast of Mexico or the region known as Spanish West Florida began in earnest during the British Period (1763-1781). We will depend on the works of British surveyor George Gauld and his Spanish colleagues Charles Laveau Trudeau and his assistant Vincente Pintado for many of the early plats and maps of the study area. US surveyors like Joseph Collins and Elihu Carver will enter the story as we move from the early colonial period toward the end of the Civil War. "

Boisdore family of New Orleans

Historical and Family excerpts.

Plauche near Bayou Rd; BOISDORE, FRANCOIS [14]

1832 New Orleans City Directory:

Boisdore Francois builder c. Orleans & Burgundy

Boisdore (sic) Adelaide, Miss Bayou Road n. Treme

Boisdore (sic) Chevalier gunsmith Villere n. Ursuline [15]

" The Boisdore family were prominent for over a hundred years in the development of Faubourg Treme. (New Orleans) Between 1800 and 1841 Francois Boisdore, free man of color, owned land on Esplanade between Treme and Marais. “In 1828 he contracted to build a maison de maitre on Bayou Road at Rue Treme for Marcely Cornu. In that same year on May 24 Boisdore married Josephine Sophia Livaudais, attesting in the marriage record that he was the natural son of Dubruisson Boisdore and Adelaide Boisdore.

Plan book 85, folio 14 in the New Orleans notarial archives shows F. Boisdore buying three lots on Villere corner Bayou Road in 1841. He sold 1260 Esplanade in 1844.

This Francois Boisdore and his neighbor Louis Dollioie thwarted the city's attempt to widen Esplanade through their plantations until a fair and proper price could be agreed upon. The negotiations lasted from 1832 to 1837. A plan ordered for the sale of fifteen lots by another neighbor, Frenchman Jean Mager, was drawn by surveyor Bourgerol in January of 1839.

The Boisdore and Dolliole land was clearly shown. Boisdore had the remainder of his land surveyed and auctioned in 1844.

The family continued to be prominent in land development, business, culture, and politics. “Francois Boisdore, Jr., was a bookkeeper for Pierre Cazenave, a leading undertaker and em-balmer. Boisdore was a talented orator, engaged in frequent debates for the Republican cause ... and became a school teacher after the Civil War. He died in the late 1890s."‘

Louis Boisdore, free man of color, is probably the cousin of the above Francois, because at his marriage to Louise Fernandez on December 27, 1827, he stated that he was the natural son of free person of color Louis Boisdore and Charlotte Morand.

M A Louis Boisdore, white native of New Orleans born in 1762, was a member of the Company of Distinguished Carabineer Militia of New Orleans and the New Orleans Militia Company in 1802. His 1802 service sheet stated that he was in robust health and not married.” A Marguerite Boisdore, free woman of color, was the cousin of Henriette Delille, who was the founder of the Sisters of the Holy Family. Marguerite owned 1609-11 St. Philip for at least a year between 1836 and 1837, indicating that she and her family were selling property in this neighborhood at the same time Francois, Sr., was selling so much land.

When Julia Boisdore, mulata libre, married Felipe Hazeur, also a mulato libre, they joined together at least three influential free colored families. The marriage was consecrated in the Church of St. Louis in December of 1801, and the record listed her father as "Francisco d'Orville, captain of the company of Pardos of this Plaza"; her mother was Isabelle Boisdore, daughter of either Louis or Francois. Felipe, the natural son of Rose Hazeur, was probably educated in France as were many of Rose's natural children; his father, probably white, was unnamed. [16] [17]

Vieux Carré Commission Evaluation: No change: blue. The Soniat Guest House is housed in an outstanding Creole townhouse in the late Georgian style, which was built by builder François Boisdoré for Joseph Soniat Dufossat in 1829. An archival drawing from 1865 shows the dwelling with all round-headed openings on the ground floor rather than the existing square-headed doors and arched carriageway; with the original wrought iron galleries and without other alterations made after 1865.

Bois Dore Gilded Wood Craftsmanship

" French King Louis XIV owned one of the earliest pieces of furniture in the bois dore gilded wood style. Louis XIV and his royal cabinetmakers invented the quintessential French look in home furnishings for the soiree at Versailles. " [18]

Style : Louis XIV - Régence Etat : Restauré, redoré Matière : Bois doré, marbre
Console en bois doré époque 19th century - style Louis XV Largeur au mur 1 m - Profondeur 45 cm - Hauteur 89 cm En parfait état avec son marbre



Today the name Boisdore identifies families and can be found as street names. restaurants, art antiques , gilded wood work, mansions, TV plays, wines, perfumes, forest areas and one :

Mr. Elliott Boisdore King 1980, Mardi Gras. Zulu Social Aid & Pleasure Club ; Formation 1916; Type Carnival Krewe; New Orleans, LA. The Zulu Social Aid & Pleasure Club (founded 1916) is a fraternal organization in New Orleans, Louisiana which puts on the Zulu parade each year on Mardi Gras Day. Zulu is New Orleans' largest predominantly African American carnival organization known for its krewe members wearing grass skirts and its unique throw of hand-painted coconuts. The club is a regular feature of the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival.[20]

C'est Bon


  1. [(]
  2. [(The Founding Mothers of Mackinac Island ; The Agatha Biddle Band of 1870 By Theresa L. Weller, dit definitions )]
  3. [("Registres paroissiaux et d’état civil, Côtes-d'Armor, France, 1467-1920", , FamilySearch ( : Tue Dec 12 04:28:12 UTC 2023), Entry for Boisdoré, 17 Jul 1655.)]
  4. [("France, Mayenne, Parish and Civil Registration, 1427-1897", , FamilySearch ( : Wed Oct 04 18:39:53 UTC 2023), Entry for Margueritte Boisdoré and Pierre Boisdoré, 22 Apr 1642.)]
  5. [("France, Mayenne, Parish and Civil Registration, 1427-1897", , FamilySearch ( : Wed Oct 04 18:03:43 UTC 2023), Entry for Pierre Boisdoré and Pierre Boisdoré, 25 Jan 1645.)]
  6. [("Canada, Quebec, Quebec Federation of Genealogical Societies, Family Origins, 1621-1865", , FamilySearch ( : Thu Oct 05 04:28:21 UTC 2023), Entry for and , 1666.)]
  7. [( Excerpt was from my private research documents and and family history pending publication. Jerry Baraboo de Barbeau dit Boisdore. 2020 )]
  8. [(,+Mississippi+39571/@30.3067229,-89.2813973,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x889c2fae1d75c26f:0xdf31cb20d7d4432!8m2!3d30.3067229!4d-89.2792086)]
  9. [(]
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  17. [(New Orleans Architecture: Faubourg Tremé and the Bayou Road By Friends of the Cabildo, Roulhac Toledano, Mary Louise Christovich, Betsy Swanson pages 93 and 94 )]
  18. [(The Essence of Style: How the French Invented High Fashion, Fine Food, Chic By Joan E. DeJean, Professor Joan Dejean page 246 )]
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