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Buffalo Soldiers

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For a grouping of men who were Buffalo Soldiers, please see the Buffalo Soldiers category.

Soldiers of the 25th Infantry Regiment (Buffalo Soldiers)


Units and Formations


Buffalo Soldiers was a moniker originally bestowed upon the black soldiers of the 10th Cavalry Regiment by Native Americans they faced in battle. Some suppose it was a reference to their appearance, while other are of the opinion that it was a show of respect for their unparalleled bravery. The 10th Cavalry Regiment was established by Congress on 21 September 1866, as one of four regiments formed in peacetime consisting exclusively of black soldiers (with white officers). Soon, the term Buffalo Soldier came to denote all four of the negro regiments formed in 1866: 9th Cavalry Regiment, 10th Cavalry Regiment, 24th Infantry Regiment, and 25th Infantry Regiment. Eventually, units that served in both world wars were also included in the designation in popular culture.


  • American Indian Wars
    • Battle of Bear Valley
  • Texas-Indian Wars
  • Johnson County War (9th Cavalry Regiment)
  • Spanish-American War
    • Battle of San Juan Hill
  • Philippine-American War
  • Mexican Expedition
  • The Great War
    • Battle of Ambos Nogales


Medal of Honor Recipients

This list is of the officers and men who received the Medal of Honor during their service with the original units called "Buffalo Soldiers."

Soldier Profile Review Connected
Captain Edward L. Baker, Jr. (1865-1913) No No
Corporal Dennis Bell (1866-1953) No No
Sergeant Thomas Boyne (1849-1896) No No
Sergeant Benjamin Brown (1859-1910) No No
Colonel George Ritter Burnett (1858-1908) No No
General Louis Henry Carpenter (1839-1916 No Yes
Sergeant John Denny (1846-1901) No No
Private Pompey Factor (1849-1928) No No
Sergeant Clinton Greaves (1855-1906) No No
Sergeant Henry Johnson (1850-1904) No No
First Sergeant George Jordan (1847-1904) No No
Private Fitz Lee (1866-1899) No No
Corporal Isaiah Mays (1858-1925) No Yes
First Lieutenant William McBryar (1861-1941) No Yes
Private Adam Payne (Paine) (1843-1877) No No
Trumpeter Isaac Payne (1851-1904) No No
Sergeant Thomas Shaw (1846-1895) No No
First Sergeant Emanuel Stance (1843-1887) No No
Sergeant William H. Thompkins(1872-1916) No No
First Sergeant Augustus Walley (1856-1938) No No
Master Sergeant George Henry Wanton(1868-1940) No No
Sergeant John Ward (1847-1911) No No
Ordnance Sergeant Moses Williams (1845-1899) No No
Corporal William Othello Wilson (1869-1928) No Yes
Sergeant Brent Woods (1852-1906) No No

Other prominent members

This list is of other notable African Americans who served in the original units as "Buffalo Soldiers" from 1866 to 1918.

In Popular Culture

  • National Day
    • July 28th, observed annually since 1992 when a monument to the Buffalo Soldier was dedicated at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas by General Colin Powell.

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Categories: Buffalo Soldiers