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Caddo County, Oklahoma

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Date: 18 Oct 2016 [unknown]
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This profile is part of the Caddo County, Oklahoma One Place Study.

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Trail of Tears by Robert Lindeux

Courtesy of Woolaroc Museum, Bartlesville, Oklahoma

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Contents

Formed From

Caddo County was organized on August 6, 1901, when the Federal Government allotted the Kiowa, Comanche and Arapaho reservations and sold the surplus land to white settlers. The reservation land was part of Oklahoma Territory until Oklahoma became a state on November 16, 1907. Part of its land was taken at statehood to form neighboring Grady County. Some additional land was taken in 1911 and also awarded to Grady County.

Adjacent Counties

Northwest
Custer County
North
Blaine County
Northeast
Canadian County
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West
Washita County
West arrow Caddo County, Oklahoma East arrow East
Grady County
South arrow
Southwest
Kiowa County
South
Comanche County
Southeast

History/Timeline

Agriculture has been the mainstay of the local economy since its founding. The main crops were cotton, corn, wheat, alfalfa, broom corn, and kaffir corn. Poultry and livestock production have also been important. By 1960, Caddo County ranked first in Oklahoma for producing of peanuts, hogs and poultry.

The first oil field (Cement Field) in the county was discovered in 1911, and oil production has remained important to the county economy since then. Smaller-scale booms in oil production occurred in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.

Government Offices

County Courthouse, 110 SW 2nd St, Anadarko, OK

Health Department, 216 W Broadway St, Anadarko, OK

County Commissioner, 201 SW Oklahoma Ave, Anadarko, OK

Rural Water District #3, RR 3, Carnegie, OK

Associate District Judge, 201 SW Oklahoma Ave, Anadarko, OK

US Indian Affairs Bureau, 132 E Broadway St, Anadarko, OK

Corrections-Probate and Parole, 507 N 1st St, Anadarko, OK

Department of Transportation, 101 NE 7th St, Anadarko, OK

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,290 square miles (3,300 km2), of which 1,278 square miles (3,310 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.9%) is water. The county mostly lies in the Gypsum Hills and the Red Bed plains physiographic areas. The extreme southwestern corner is in the Wichita Mountains. The county is drained by the Washita River and Pond and Sugar Creeks. Major reservoirs are Chickasha Lake, Ellsworth Lake, and Fort Cobb Lake. Red Rock Canyon State Park near Hinton is notable for having the only remaining stand of native Caddo maple trees.

Airports

  • Anadarko Municipal Airport
  • Carnegie Municipal Airport

Hospitals

  • The Physicians' Hospital in Anadarko, 1003 E Central Blvd, Anadarko, OK
  • Carnegie Tri-County Municipal Hospital, 102 S Broadway Ave, Carnegie, OK

Lakes

  • Chickasha Lake
  • Ellsworth Lake
  • Fort Cobb Lake

Major Highways

  • Interstate 40
  • Interstate 44
  • H.E. Bailey Turnpike
  • U.S. Highway 62
  • U.S. Highway 281
  • U.S. Highway 277
  • State Highway 8
  • State Highway 9
  • State Highway 19
  • State Highway 58

Local Resources

Agriculture

Agricultural pursuits have dominated Caddo County's economic base. At 1907 statehood 80 percent of the county was farmland, with 360,000 acres under cultivation. The fertile river and creek bottomland provided rich nutrients for the principal crops of cotton, corn, wheat, alfalfa, broomcorn, and Kaffir corn. In 1920 the State Board of Agriculture reported 4,214 farms, of which 49 percent were operated by owners and 51 percent operated by renters. In 1930 the county had livestock numbering 24,331 cattle, 7,147 horses, 5,820 mules, 4,033 swine, and 2,591 sheep and goats. In the early 1930s cotton gins operated in Anadarko, Bridgeport, Carnegie, Gracemont, and Hydro. Elevators and mills in Anadarko and Bridgeport served farmers. By 1960 Caddo County ranked first in Oklahoma for the production of peanuts and raising hogs and poultry. By 1963 livestock numbered 90,500 chickens, 88,000 cattle, 4,500 milk cows, 9,500 hogs, and 5,200 sheep. That year farmers had planted 96,000 acres in wheat, 43,900 acres in cotton, 39,400 acres in sorghums, 31,700 acres in peanuts, 23,000 acres in barley, and 18,000 acres in oats. At the turn of the twenty-first century Caddo County had 1,496 farms consisting of 726,629 acres.

Minerals

Oil, Gas

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 30,150 people, 10,957 households, and 7,965 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km² (24/sq mi). There were 13,096 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (10/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 65.55% White, 2.92% Black or African American, 24.28% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.70% from other races, and 4.36% from two or more races. 6.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 93.8% English, 4.5% Spanish and 1.2% Kiowa as their first language.

There were 10,957 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,347, and the median income for a family was $32,118. Males had a median income of $26,373 versus $18,658 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,298. About 16.70% of families and 21.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.00% of those under age 18 and 15.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities

  • Anadarko (county seat)

Towns

  • Apache
  • Binger
  • Bridgeport
  • Carnegie
  • Cement
  • Cogar
  • Cyril
  • Eakly
  • Fort Cobb
  • Gracemont
  • Hinton
  • Hydro
  • Lookeba
  • Pine Ridge
  • Spring Creek

Unincorporated Communities

  • Albert
  • Alden
  • Alfalfa
  • Boone
  • Broxton
  • Cogar
  • Nowhere
  • Pine Ridge
  • Scott
  • Sickles
  • Spring Creek
  • Stecker
  • Washita

Economics

Caddo County is home to cattle ranching and significant wheat and peanut farm operations—with a few of the producers practicing environmentally friendly no-till or reduced tillage farming methods.

There is also one winery and vineyard in the county (Woods and Waters Winery and Vineyard).

Events/Festivals

  • American Indian Exposition - Anadarko
  • Annual Lavender Festival - Apache
  • Apache Festival of the West - Apache
  • Apache Rattlesnake Festival - Apache
  • Autumn Festival and Car Show - Anadarko
  • Canna Festival and Fair - Carnegie

National Register of Historic Places

  • Amphlett Brothers Drug and Jewelry Store, Apache
  • Anadarko Armory, Anadarko
  • Anadarko Downtown Historic District, Anadarko
  • Apache State Bank, Apache
  • Bridgeport Hill-Hydro Route 66 Segment, Hydro
  • Caddo County Medicine Creek Archeological District, Binger
  • First Baptist Church (Colored), Anadarko
  • Fort Cobb Site, Fort Cobb
  • Provine Service Station, Hydro
  • Randlett Park, Anadarko
  • Rock Mary, Hinton
  • Stevens Rock Shelter, Gracemont

Schools

Rockin Schoolhouse

Colleges/Universities

  • Caddo Kiowa Technology Center
  • Redlands Community College

Public Schools

  • Boone-Apache
  • Lookeba-Sickles
  • Hydro-Eakly
  • Fort Cobb-Broxton
  • Binger-Oney
  • Washita Heights

Cemeteries

  • Hinton Cemetery - Hinton, OK
  • Celestial Gardens Cemetery - Cyril, OK
  • Fairview Cemetery - Apache, OK
  • Botone Cemetery - Carnegie, OK

Notables

  • Richard Aitson (b. 1953), a Kiowa-Kiowa Apache bead artist, curator, and poet
  • Black Beaver (1806—1880), Delaware Indian leader, scout, and rancher
  • Blackbear Bosin (1921-1980), Comanche-Kiowa artist
  • Derrell Griffith (b. 1943), former Major League Baseball player
  • Ralph B. Hodges (1930-2013), former Chief Justice of the Oklahoma Supreme Court
  • Genta H. Holmes (b. 1940), first United States Ambassador to Namibia
  • Butch Huskey (b. 1971), former Major League Baseball player
  • Charles Leonhard (1915-2002), Music educator and academic
  • Hugh McCullough (1916-1999), National Football League player
  • Doris McLemore (1927–2016) last fluent speaker of the Wichita language
  • Cal McLish (1925-2010), Major League Baseball player
  • Stephen Mopope (1900-1974), Kiowa artist
  • Gary Nixon (1941-2011), national champion motorcycle racer
  • Ray Gene Smith (1928–2005), American football player
  • Jim Thompson (1906-1977), Author and screenwriter
  • Gene Tracy (1927–1979), American comedian, emcee, and recording artist
  • Louis Weller (1904-1979), National Football League player
  • Mildred Cleghorn (1910 - 1997), dollmaker and Apache cultural leader
  • Allen Houser (1914 - 1994), Apache artist (painter and sculptor)
  • Lou Kretlow (1921 - 2007), Major League Baseball pitcher
  • Barbara Lawrence (1930 - 2013), actress, was born in Carnegie
  • Carrie Sahmaunt (1904 - 2006), Kiowa centenarian, was born in Carnegie
  • Johnny Bench, Major League Baseball Hall of Fame catcher for the Cincinnati Reds during the Big Red Machine era
  • Cade Roth, singer-songwriter (MFCR)
  • Verlon Thompson, award-winning singer-songwriter, performer, partnered for many years with Guy Clark, Darrell Scott
  • Blackbear Bosin (1921-1980), nationally renowned Kiowa/Comanche American artist and sculptor, was born and raised near here

Sources






Images: 1
Caddo County Courthouse
Caddo County Courthouse

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