Campania Region

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Location: Campania, Italy (en), Campania, Italia (it)map
Surnames/tags: Italy Italian Roots Campania
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Region of Campania

Campania (Italian pronunciation: [kamˈpaːnja]) is a region in southern Italy. The region at the end of 2014 had a population of around 5.869 million people, making it the third-most-populous region of Italy; its total area of 13,590 km2 (5,247 sq mi) makes it the most densely populated region in the country. Located on the Italian Peninsula, with the Mediterranean Sea to the west, it includes the small Phlegraean Islands and Capri for administration as part of the region. Campania is divided into five provinces

Located on the Italian Peninsula, Campania was colonized by Ancient Greeks and was part of Magna Græcia. During the Roman era, the area maintained a Greco-Roman culture. The capital city of Campania is Naples.

Campania is rich in culture, especially in regard to gastronomy, music, architecture, archeological and ancient sites such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, Paestum and Velia. The name of Campania itself is derived from Latin, as the Romans knew the region as Campania Felix, which translates into English as "fertile countryside". The rich natural sights of Campania make it highly important in the tourism industry, especially along the Amalfi Coast, Mount Vesuvius and the island of Capri.

Provinces (Province)

Campania consists of four provinces plus the Metropolitan City of Naples, as follows[1]:

Locations of provinces of Campania.
Province Number of Comuni Population Area
Web site
Province of Avellino 118 422,938 2,806 Avellino
Province of Benevento 78 279,279 2,080 Benevento
Province of Caserta 104 923,372 2,651 Caserta
Metropolitan City of Naples 92 3,104,498 1,179 Napoli
Province of Salerno 158 1,103,245 4,954 Salerno

History (Storia)

TIMELINE FORMAT - to be revised This area has a very tumultuous history:

  • 1000BC - this area was populated by the Samnite populations (Oscan and Volsche)
  • 700 BC - Greeks conquered and developed many of the islands and coastline (Campania was one of the most important cultural centers of Magna Graecia). The first Greek Colony in Campania was the island of Ischia (former seat of the Punic-Carthaginian settlements from 1000 BC). The Samnites continued to occupy the inland territories of Campania
  • 326 BC - was placed under Roman rule
  • 570 AD - Longobards conquered most of the area, while the Byzantines ruled the remainder
  • 1139 AD - the region enjoyed political unity under the crown of the Kingdom of Sicily
  • 1302 AD - this area became part of the Kingdom of Naples
  • 1816 AD - part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies with Naples as the capital. Campania had the largest industrial metalworking complex in Italy ( Pietrarsa - now a museum). Naples was the third capital in Europe (after London and Paris] to have streets lit with 350 gas lamps,
  • 1861 AD - was conquered and annexed into the Kingdom of Italy
  • 1946 AD - the Republic of Italy was formed

Sources (Fonti)

  1. Italian Wikipedia on Regione Campania

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Hi Patti

I also have family from Mirabella Eclano - Happy to help if you are interested.

posted by Michael Memmolo
I'mfrom the Campania region. Avellino to be exact. Mirabella Eclano Avellino, actully. Looking on how to obtain records from there if any advice.

Patti [email address removed]

posted by Patti Desimone