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Cantwells in Ireland (1200-1600)

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Welcome to Cantwells in Ireland (1200-1600)

The Cantwells were an Anglo-Norman family who arrived in Ireland at the end of the 1100s and settled mainly in counties Tipperary and Kilkenny. They are the ancestors of most of the Irish-diaspora Cantwells around the world today. To keep this project manageable, our focus is on the years 1200-1600.

The likely "gateway ancestor" in Ireland was Hugh Cantwell, of Norman origin but born in Suffolk, England, ca.1145.

Main goals of this project:

  • to figure out the pedigree of the different Cantwell branches, including the 2 main landowning arms:
    • County Kilkenny: In the 1200s, this branch settled mainly in the baronies of Gowran and Knocktopher. By the 1500s they were known as the "Cantwells of Cantwellscourt". The most famous member, Thomas Cantwell (ca.1550-1606), was a close ally of Thomas, 10th Earl of Ormond.
    • County Tipperary: In the late 1400s, this branch became known as the "Cantwells of Moykarky". They also possessed lands near Ballingarry (Barony of Slievardagh), and many were buried in Kilcooly Abbey. Besides its "founder", John Cantwell (1424-1484), Archbishop of Cashel, the most famous member of this branch was a later John Cantwell (ca.1550-1622), who married Margaret Morres and had a large family.
  • to identify the other major Cantwell branches in Ireland and their pedigrees

Unresolved questions:

  • How much intermarriage occurred between the Cantwellscourt and Moykarky branches over the generations?
  • Numerous Cantwell men held high religious positions (e.g., archbishop) in Ireland in the late Middle Ages and early Modern era. Were these hereditary posts? What roles tended to be filled by their illegitimate sons?

Will you join us? Please post a comment on this page or send me a private message.


To get us started:

Some Useful Sources

  • Chief Anglo-Norman families in Kilkenny, according to John O'Hart in Irish Pedigrees: Butler, Grace,[1] Walsh,[2] Fitzgerald, Roth,[3] Archer,[4] Cantwell,[5] Shortall [Forstall],[6] Purcell,[7] Power, Morris, Dalton or d'Alton,[8] Stapleton, Wandesford, Lawless, Langrish, Bryan, Ponsonby.[9]
  • See my homepage for a list of reliable Irish sources

The First Cantwells in Ireland

From An Ecclesiastical History of Ireland: From the Introduction of Christianity Into that Country, to the Year MDCCCXXIX:[10]

  • [1200:] The Abbey of Carrick-on-Suir was founded about the close of the 12th century, by William de Cantwell, for Canons Regular of St. Augustine, and was afterwards made subject to the Hospital of St. John de Acon, London. This abbey was an asylum for the poor, until the 28th of Henry VIII [ca.1537], when it was suppressed, and granted to the Earl of Ormond [referring to James Butler, 9th Earl], with an adjoining park, and carucate of land, in Ballnacanagh.

From The history, architecture, and antiquities of the cathedral church of St. Canice, Kilkenny:[11]

  • "The Cantwell family was amongst the early Norman settlers in the counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary. In the former they were proprietors of the castles of Cantwell’s Court, Stroan [Kilfane], and Cloughscregg; and their principal burying-place was at Kilfane church ... The head of the Tipperary branch resided at the castle of Moykarky, and their place of interment was Kilcooly Abbey,[12] where some interesting monuments, erected to their memory, still remain." [in 1857]

"The Cantwells of Cantwellscourt" [Co. Kilkenny], from The History & Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory (1905) by Rev. William Carrigan:[13]

  • Gilbert Kentwell, probably the founder of the Tipperary [later Moykarky] branch of the Cantwell family, received a large grant of lands in the neighbourhood of Thurles, the Devilsbit and Templemore, from Theobald Walter, Chief Butler of Ireland, some time about 1177.
  • Thomas de Kentewall, knight, witnesses a charter to the town of Gowran in the reign of Richard I (1189-99); Walter de Kenteswell or Kentwalle witnessed a grant to St. Thomas's Priory, Dublin, between 1194 and 1205.
  • On the 13th June, 1222, King Henry III wrote to the Archbishop of Dublin, Justiciary of Ireland, commanding him to give Gilbert de Kentewell seisin of his land in Kilfane which he held from the Bishop of Ossory, who had disseised him because it was reported Gilbert was dead. The Cantwell connection with Kilkenny, therefore, dates from an early period.
  • Thomas de Cantwell, most probably of the Cantwellscourt family, was summoned to the war against the Scots in 1302;[14] was Constable of the Castle of Offerelan (Offerlane) in 1310; and, in the same year, was one of William Outlawe's securities in the sum of 200 marks; he was, moreover, empowered to parley with the O'Brenans and other felons of the cantred of Odogh in 1317 ; and was exempted from attendance at the assizes, being worn out with old age, in 1319-20.
  • In 1333 Thomas Cantwell was knighted by the Earl of Ormond; and two years' after, Thomas and John de Cantewell were summoned to the war against the Scots.

From Knights' Fees in County Kilkenny, the section titled "Partition of 1317: Share of Hugh le Despenser and Alianora his wife":

  • Richard de Cantwell has 1/20 knight's fees in Goterayssemy & Aghmetant (Gorgrussemii & Aghm'cart), the latter referring to Acghmacart, barony of Clarmallagh, Co. Leix.

From "County Kilkenny Genealogy"[15]

  • The Cantwells came to Ireland around the time of the Anglo-Norman invasion. Although no single Cantwell became exceptionally famous, the family played a prominent part in Irish life starting ca.1200, when they appeared as de Kentewall, de Cantwell etc. (of Kentwell in Suffolk). In the records of the Ormond country, a witness to the foundation charter of Owney Abbey in 1200 is found. Their estates lay chiefly in the baronies of Knocktopher and Gowran, Co. Kilkenny, Cantwell's Court, 4 miles north of Kilkenny city, was their principal seat. In 1598 they were listed among the principal gentlemen both in Co. Kilkenny and Co. Tipperary.
  • Though they appeared as soldiers and officials -- two were officers in James II's army and one was sheriff of Kilkenny and three were attainted in 1691 -- the most notable Cantwells were ecclesiastics. As early as 1208 we find a Cantwell in the registry of the monastery of Kells (Ossory). Two John Cantwells[16] were Archbishops of Cashel in the 1400s.[17][18][19] Richard Cantwell was Bishop of Waterford and Lismore from 1426 to 1446, and Oliver Cantwell (d.1527) was Bishop of Ossory for almost 40 years. Also in the 1500s, Patrick Cantwell was Abbot of Navan and Richard Cantwell was Prior of St. John's Kilkenny.

Verbatim excerpts from "English Settlers in 14th Century Ireland":[20]

  • The Cantwell (Cheneteswelle) family in England held 10 fees in Norfolk and Suffolk. Carrigan[21] suggests that a Hugh Cantwell arrived with Strongbow [d.1176] but it was in 1192 that a Gilbert Cantwell was granted Drom (Kenelfenelgille) in north Tipperary by Theobald Walter [1st Chief Butler of Ireland] and amongst the witnesses was a Thomas Cantwell. A Walter Cantwell was also a witness to another chatter by Theobald Walter around the same time. As well as Drom, Gilbert held 2 knights fees in Kilfane of the bishop of Ossory in Gowran, Co. Kilkenny, another Butler fief.
  • In 1210 the Cantwells of England also held a quarter fee of the Butler Honour of Lancaster. This link, if it predated the Butlers' arrival in Ireland in 1185, may explain how the Cantwells came to hold their Irish lands from him rather than Strongbow."
  • It may be that [the same] Gilbert was heir to the English lands for a Gilbert certainly held

them in 1210. He must have spent considerable time in England -- as the bishop of Ossory, believing him to be dead, seized his fee of Kilfane. A letter from the king was needed confirming that Gilbert was alive and in his service before Gilbert could recover seisin. He must have left Drom in the hands of his brother, Walter, as an entry in the Register of Kells described Walter as the lord of Drom (Drummacbarran), even though Gilbert was still alive.

  • "In 1244, an inquisition postmortem decided that the next heir to the English estate was Amabilia, daughter of Walter Cantwell. In the same year, the king bought the manor of Kentwell, Suffolk from William fitzHugh and wife Amabilia. As the money was to be paid by Irish treasurer, it would appear that this Walter was the same as the Walter Cantwell who held Drom for Gilbert. Walter's daughter and heiress, Amabilia, was married to a William fitzHugh so Drom would have passed out of the Cantwell family to any fitzHugh children, or reverted to the Butler lords to be regranted."
  • "Either Gilbert or Walter may have granted Kilfane to Thomas, probably another brother. The fact that Kilfane stayed in the Cantwell family after Drom was lost would suggest that Gilbert divided his Irish lands between two brothers. The head of the Cantwell family in Ireland was now Thomas with two knight fees in Kilfane, and also a half fee in Rathcool, both in the Butler cantred of Gowran, co. Kilkenny. A record of 1338 shows that a descendant of his, another Thomas Cantwell, held one and a half fees in Arra of the Butler manor of Nenagh but the date of the acquisition of this tenement is unknown." [the thesis author suggests pre-1313]
  • "Illegitimate sons born of English landowners were not eligible to inherit their father's lands, but Gaelic culture had a much more inclusive attitude to the family. They had sons by different wives. illegitimate sons and foster sons. There are signs that marcher lords also began to make provision for their illegitimate offspring."
  • "A family that put this into practice was certainly the Cantwell family. The Oxford [University] register notes 5 Cantwell entrants from Ireland in the late 14th and early 15th century. which must have been an expensive family investment. At least 3 of them were illegitimate. However. the investment paid off and [two of them] rose, consecutively, to position of archbishop of Cashel in the church. As they were both illegitimate, dispensation was needed for them to take holy orders. Further, it is clear that the latter of the two [referring to John Cantwell (ca.1424-1484)] fathered at least one son himself who seems to have inherited family lands, as it is believed that the Cantwells of Moycarky were direct descendents of the archbishop."

From The History of Clonmel:[22]

Cantwells in the Records

Cantwells who appeared in the Ormond Deeds[26] of land & legal transactions, and other sources where specified:

  • ca.1190: Gilbert de Kentewell, witness.[27]
  • between 1195-1206: Witnesses Gilbert de Kentewelle and Walter de Kentewelle.
  • ca.1250: Sir Thomas de Kantewelle, Sir Hugh Purcell, Sir Robert Purcell, witnesses[29]
  • ca.1250: Gilbert de Kentewell, witness[30]
  • ca.1270: Witness: Roger de Kentwell[34]
  • 1277: Grant by William son of Fulc to Richard de Cantewell of land in the north of the way called Draff.[35]
  • post-1284: Witness Richard de Kantwell.[36]
  • ca.1289-94: Roger de Cantewel[37]
  • 1291: Sir Thomas de Kantewell, Peter de Kantewell, witnesses.[38]
  • 1294: Witness: Thomas de Cantewell, knight.[39]
  • 1296: Witnesses in a case brought by Theobald Walter, 1st Chief Butler of Ireland, against Sir Hugh Purcell included Sir John fitzGeoffrey, Justiciar; Richard de Burgo, Lord of Connaught ... Sir Thomas de Cantewell, Sir William de Mareys [de Marisco] and others.
  • ca.1300: Sir Philip de Cantwell, witness.[40]
  • ca.1305: John de Cantwell, Milo de Cantwell, witnesses.[42]
  • In 1309 Thomas de Cantewelle was constable of Offerclan; and in 1317 he was empowered to make a treaty with the O’Brenans and other felons of the Cantred of Odogh — i. e. the territory of Idough in the county of Kilkenny; but in 1319, being worn out with age, he was exempted from attending at assizes.[43]
  • ca.1310: David [MacMahon], bishop of Killaloe, grants to Edmund Walter, Butler of Ireland, one penny of rent and the lordship of the manor of Louchkyn with its appurtenances in Ormond (Ermonia). Witnesses: Thomas de Cantewell, Peter de Cantewell, Philip de Barri.[44]
  • 1313: Milo de Cantewelle and Gervase de Roleye to place Sir Edmund le Botiller in seisin of his manor of Incherothery. Given at London.[45]
  • 1313. Robbery victims in Limerick: Robert de Cantewell,[46] William de Cantewell (Calendar of Justiciary Rolls 3, p. 267).[47]
  • 1314: David [MacMahon], bishop of Killaloe quit-claims to Sir Edmund le Botiller a messuage and five carucates of land in Kennety [Kinnitty], which he recovered in right of the church of Killaloe from Hugh Purcell. Witnesses: Herbert de Marisco, Peter de Cantewell, John de Barry, knights.[48]
  • 1317: Witnesses: Thomas de Cantewell, Adam Purcel, knights[49]
  • "In the years 1317 and 1318, King Edward II granted a special license to Walter de Cantwell and other gentry of the County of Kilkenny "to hold parley with the O'Broenains [O'Brennan] and other felons [traitors] of the cantred of Odogh."[50]
  • Thomas Cantwell, the "Cantwell Long Man"[51] died in the 1320s: Among the ruins of Kilfane Church, north of Thomastown and southeast of Kilkenny, is an 8-foot limestone effigy of Thomas Cantwell, a knight in full armor identifiable by his coat of arms.[52][53][54]
  • ca.1326: Grant by Gervase Raly to Richard de Cantewel of land in Rathmecally. Witness: William de Cantewel.[55]
  • 1327: Simon Cantewel[56]
  • 1330: Thomas de Cantewelle, Knight, Edmund le Gras, William fitz Edmund le Gras, John fitz Simon Shorthals, Roger de Wauncy, and others, were securities to Richard de Valle and Alice Keteller, his wife (formerly wife of Adam le Blound, of Callan), for the payment of 200 marks, loaned by the said Richard and Alice to William Utlawe of Kilkenny. [Patent Rolls][57]
  • 1331: Witnesses: Thomas de Cantewell, knight. Walter Purcel.[58]
  • 1334: Mabilia daughter of Peter Purcell in her liege viduity grants to Laurence son of Milo le Cantwell and his heirs all her right in 6 carucates of arable land in the towns of Roslethan, Lysouny, Graigecwrry, Monyfwsoge, Clonemaniron, with all their appurtenances and in 4 shillings worth of annual rent from Roslethan, 18 shillings from Lysouny, 12 shillings from Graygcwrry and 10 shillings from Monyfwsioge and Clonomanairyn. Given at Kildenall.[59]
  • 1337: Release by Nicholas de Cantewell to Thomas Boyt of land in 'the Cnokagh.' in the tenement of Kylmenaddok.[60]
  • 1338: Witnesses: Thomas de Kantewell and John Whyte.
  • 1343: Witness Simon Cantewell.[61]
  • 1345-47: Grants by Richard and James Cantewell of lands in Heyneston and Lysneboyghill.[62]
  • 1345: Richard son of Milo de Cantewell appoints John son of Thomas Cantewell his bailiff and attorney for placing Milo son of John Cantewell of Kyllyns [Kells] in full seisin of one messuage and forty acres of land in Heyneston according to the tenour of his charter thereof made to him [Milo], confirming whatever John shall do in his name.[63]
  • 1346: Witness Adam Cantewell.[64]
  • 1347: Simon son of Walter Purcell grants to Maurice son of Walter Purcell the advowson of the church of Fynel. Witnesses: Thomas de Cantewell, John de Blanchuile, knights, Oliver de la freyne, David le Grase. [Records of Abbey of St. John the Evangelist, in the city of Kilkenny][65]
  • 1353: Bartholomew Laffan grants to Simon son of John de Cantewell of Killyns, one messuage, a half carucate of land, 20 acres of wood, 20 of pasture, 20 of turbary and 20 of moor in le Pollagh near Kyllyns. Witnesses : John son of Milo de Cantewell, Thomas Flaunt, James Cantewell, Adam Roth and Walter Broc.[66][67]
  • 1355: On 18th October 1355, Andrew Hackett was elected sheriff of the County Cross of Tipperary. The following were his sureties, and were probably the principal landowners in the cross at the period: — John Mauncell knt., Richard de la Kokell knt., Andrew Hackett, Robert Woodlock, Thomas de Valle [Wall], Simon Cantwell, James Warner, Thomas Faunt, William Bryt, Thomas Don, Bernard de Valle [Wall], Thomas Waleys [Walsh], Walter Fitz Raymond, John Mauclek [Mockler], William Sause, John Everhard, Robert Haket, Mathew de Loundres [Landers], Walter Enyas [Ennis], Garret Comerford, Robert Burton, Adam Brittoll, and Thomas de Loundres of Ballyclohan (Patent Rolls)[68]
  • 1358: John son of Milo Cantwell; John Roth Cantewell[69]
  • ca.1358: John Roth Cantewell, serjeant of Ely. Simon Cantewell, attorney. David de Cantewell. Nicholas Cantewell. Adam Roth Cantewell.[70]
  • 1365: Adam Cantwell, chaplain, granted to Robert le Mareschal and his wife, Isabella Mareschal alias Cantwell, all those messuages, lands, tenements, etc., which the said Robert was by deed then in possession of, situated in Irishtown, and on the Green adjoining Kilkenny.[71]
  • 1366: David de Cauntewell, sheriff of the Liberty of Kilkenny.[72]
  • 1367: Quit-claim by John Roth Cantewell to James, Earl of Ormond, given at Gowran.[73]
  • 1372: John son of Milo Cantwell, of the borough of Buolick (Bowlek), Barony of Slievardagh, Co. Tipperary.[74]
  • 1372: Quit-claim by Walter and Peter, son of Peter de Cantewell, to James, Earl of Ormond, of lands in Thomonyn and Rynskeghyn in Arrich [?].[75]
  • 1374: For good service done by Peter son of Maurice Cantewell.[76]
  • 1374: Richard son of Milo Cantewell[77]
  • 1375: Witnesses: John Cantewell, William Tobyn.[78]
  • ca.1380: Milo Cantwell and Margery his wife for false claim.[79]
  • In 1381 Walter Cantwell [note: Walter appears as witness and bailiff throughout the 1380s until at least 1401] living in the marches of Ballygaueran (the barony of Gowran), in front of the Irish enemies M‘Morgh and O’Nolan, received a royal license to treat with those native chieftains for the protection of his own property and that of his tenants and dependents.[80]
  • ca.1383: William and Walter Cantwell.[81]
  • 1393: Deed of attorney by Peter Shirbourn to place Walter Cantewell and Peter Stonham in seisin of lands in Kynderr Corbaly and Ballysallagh.[82]
  • 1384: Nicholas and William Cantewell. John son of Simon Cantewell. Peter Cantewell, cleric.[83]
  • 1395: John Roth Cantewell, Edmund Cantewell, John son of William Cantewell.[84]
  • 1399: Walter son of Richard Cantwell.[85]
  • 1401: "Oliver Bonynge, cousin of John son of Milo Cantewell, formerly lord of Glangole [Glengall], quit-claims to Thomas son of Thomas son of Richard Cantewell, his heirs and assigns, all his right in the manor of Glangole with its appurtenances in Ballylakyn, Ballynewyr, Kilmecaryn, Ballysallagh, Byghlanesheyes, etc."[86]
  • 1403: Notarial instrument made at request of Isabella Lande [Londe], relict of Walter Cantewell. Refers to Robert son of Walter Cantewell, heir of Sir Thomas Cantewell, knight, of Carraman and Newgrage. Refers to John Cantewell of Tyllaghtyrym (Ossory diocese), son of Sir Thomas. Refers to David More Cantwell, possible brother of Sir Thomas.[87]
  • 1403: John son of William Cantewell.[88]
  • 1404: Thomas Cauntewell[89]
  • 1407: Peter son of Peter Cantewell, complains that Isabelle Laund (see 1403 above) "has unlawfully disseised him of his free tenement in Rathcoull" (in Gowran barony) "after the first crossing of the Lord Henry, King, son of King John, to Gascony."[90]
  • In December 1408, Walter Cantwell's son, Robert, had a re-grant from the King of all the lands, tenements, rents and services he (Robert) had held in Rathcoull [Rathcool] and Strawan [Stroan] in the Co. Kilkenny; but he appears to have died very soon after, as on March 18th, 1409, the King committed to Richard and Thomas Cantwell custody of the lands &c. which belonged to Robert Cantewell, son and heir of Walter Cantewell, in Rathcoull and Strowan in the Co. Kilkenny.
  • 1411: Walter Cantewell and John Walsh (Barony of Knocktopher, Co. Kilkenny).[91]
  • 1413: Philip Kylby grants to Walter Marcos, chaplain, and William Cantewell, chaplain, two messuages in Kilkenny lying from the high street to the tenement formerly belonging to Robert de la Freigne, knight.[92]
  • 1414: Indenture between James, Earl of Ormond, and Robert Cantewell concerning rent in the barony of Overk.[93]
  • 1415: Walter Cantewell[94]
  • 1416: Patricia Cantewell and Johanna Cantewell, daughters and heirs of John Roth Cantewell, give and grant to Henry Forstall, all lands and tenements, pastures, etc., in 'le lytilramynduff' in the parish of Ballagh[mich ?]ow in Sillr ' (? Shillelogher). [95]
  • "In 1421 ... a slaughter was made of the followers of James, 4th Earl of Ormonde, then Lord Deputy of Ireland, by the sept of O'More, by whom they were attacked near the monastery of Leys (the modern Abbeyleix), where 27 "English were slain, the chief of whom were Purcell and Grant, noblemen."[96]
  • 1427: Indenture between James, Earl of Ormond, and Philip Caserdy regarding Ontonesrath, even as Walter Cantwell held it.
  • ca.1432: Walter Cam Cantewell, Thomas Cantewell, John son of Nicholas Cantewell, John McEyllerey Cantewell.
  • 1437: Richard Cantewell, bishop of Lismore and Waterford.[97]
  • 1440: Grant by Thomas Cantwell to James, Earl of Ormond, of lands, etc., in the barony of Knocktopher, Co Kilkenny.[98][99]
  • 1440: Thomas [likely the same Thomas as in previous paragraph] son of Richard Cantewell grants to James, Earl of Ormond, all his messuages, lands, tenements, etc., in Tathmotheran in the manor of Knocktopher and in Kilcolme.[100]
  • 1448. Simon Cantwell, named as deceased dean of Limerick (Calendars of Papal Registers 10, p. 381).[103]
  • ca.1450: Richard O'Hedian, archdeacon of Cashel, gives and grants to John son of Simon Cantwell two messuages in Boteston with three acres adjacent and fifteen acres in Lycergyn, to have and to hold to him and his heirs for ever. Witnesses: Nicholas Cantwell[104][105][106]
  • 1455 (33rd year of Henry VI): John Cantwell, Archibishop of Cashel, and Edmund, son of James son of Peter Butler.[107]
  • 1459: Peter, son of Nicholas Everard, appoints Oliver Burdon his attorney to put John Cantwell, archbishop of Cashel, in possession of his castle, hall and place in Boyrebalistret, a place beside Capulmarket, twelve acres of arable land in the burgagery of Fethard, and four acres of pasture.[108]
  • 1471: Peter Cantwell appointed by the Holy See to the Archdeaconry of Ossory, September 3rd, "vacantis per privationem Johannis Ohedian quondam Archidiaconi." Richard Stakboll was appointed Archdeacon, by the Holy See, in succession to Peter Cantwell, Feb. 22nd, 1472."[109]
  • 1471: "In December 1471 the abbot of Jerpoint along with the archbishop of Antivari and the prior of St. Columba's of Inistioge, in the diocese of Lismore (Ossory to be the correct diocese) were mandated to provision Richard Stakbol to Archdeacon of Ossory (worth 40 marks) which was void by the death there of Peter Cantwell."[110]
  • 1475: Deed of attorney of Thomas son of Richard Butler, baron of Knockgraffon [near Cahir], appointing the reverend John Cantwell [ca.1424-1484], arch­bishop of Cashel, his bailiff and guardian for all messuages, lands, rents and tenements which formerly belonged to Thomas Cantwell of Gleangoyll, by reason of the minority of John Cantewell [born ca.1460], son and heir of Thomas, unto the coming of age of said Thomas.[111]
  • 1479: "Thomas Cantwell was appointed Dean [of Ossory], by Papal Brief of March 18th, in succession to Thomas Archer, dead of the plague."[112]
  • 1479: James Cantwell was appointed Treasurer by the Holy See, July 27th, in succession to Richard Burke resigned.[113]
  • 1483: Sir John Cantewell, precentor of Cashel, gives and grants to William son of Peter Cantewell a messuage and seven acres as above.[114]
  • 1484: Peter son of Nicholas Cantewell gives and grants to John Cantewell, precentor of Cashel, a messuage and seven acres of arable land in Baylyntohyr which messuage and the land belonged to Thomas White of Doungob(an : ?). To have and to hold to him and his heirs for ever. Witnesses: James son of James Botiller; Walter and Anastasia, son and daughter of said Peter Cantewell, Slauna Iny Vrien.
  • 1487: Oliver Cantwell was raised to the Episcopate of Ossory and ruled the Diocese till his death in 1527. Richard Cantwell[115] and James Bycton, were granted pensions of £2 a year each."[116][117] and Peter Cantwell[118] were Priors, respectively, of St. John's Abbey and the Black Abbey, Kilkenny, at the Suppression of the Monasteries in 1540.[119]
  • 1489: Brother Patrick Cantewel, Prior of the priory of St. Katherine near Waterford, John Cantewel, precentor.
  • 1495: Indenture made in the Bishop's court at Kilkenny on March 16, between John son of John called "cocus" le Butler, and Oliver Cantewell, bishop of Ossory. Witnesses: The venerable Robert Hedyan, official of Ossory; Sir John, chaplain of Tyllagh; William Purcell and others. March 16, 1495.
  • 1495: Indenture between John Butler and Oliver Cantwell, bishop of Ossory,[120] concerning towns in the barony of Agheyrte.[121]
  • 1503: Witnesses : Master James Cantwell, official of Ossory, Richard Cantwell and others.[122]
  • 1507: Patrick Cantwell, rector of Glascro, and William Lande and Redmund Cantewell, laymen.[123]
  • 1509: Nicholas Cantwell, witness. Notarial instrument recording the judgment of Oliver Cantwell, Bishop of Ossory.[124]
  • 1512: Master James Cantwell was Vicar General of Ossory, April 19th, 1512, and February 25th, 1528-9.[125]
  • 1513-1516: Patrick Cantwell, canon of Ossory and notary public.[126]
  • 1516: James Cantewell, Official of Ossory, canon[127]
  • 1516: William Cantwell, 66 years of age...[128] (b.1450)
  • 1519: Hubert Cantwell of Paynyston, son and heir of Richard Cantwell, grants to Peter Butler, Earl of Ormond, and Margaret his wife all his messuages, lands, tenements, etc., in Lekyn alias Rathloynagh, Ballynculferagh, Cnocbennagh and Ballynoghtyr, and in Gortyngrellan in county Tipperary.[130]
  • 1523: James Cantwell, parson and vicar of Callan[131]
  • 1527: Witnesses include Nicholas and Peter Cantwell, laymen; and Oliver Cantwell, Bishop of Ossory.[132]
  • Tomb inscriptions at Kilcooley Abbey, Co. Tipperary (translations from Latin):[133][134]
    • "Here lie William Cantwell, lord of Ballintogher [between Moycarky and Ballingarry] and Clogharaily [near Loughmoe], who died April 22nd _____, and Margaret Butler,[135] wife of same, who died Nov. 21st, 1528."
    • "Here lie John Cantwell, lord of Mellisson [Barony of Slievardagh, Co. Tipperary], who died on the eve of St Patrick's day, 1532, and Ellis Stoke, his wife." [Ormond Deeds, v4, p3, calls John the "son of William, son of Walter"]
    • "Here lie Richard Cantwell, of Ballenfeen Poyntstown, Co. Tipperary, gentleman, who died [1608], and ______ Grace. his wife."
  • 1539: "The last prior of the Augustinian abbey, and the last abbot of the Dominican convent of Kilkenny, were members of this family, Richard Cantwell having surrendered St. John’s, and Peter Cantwell the Dominican abbey, to the Crown in 1539."[136]
  • 1540: "Richard Cantwell was the last Prior previous to the Reformation. On the 21st March, 1540, he surrendered the Priory ... All these possessions were confiscated by Henry VIII, and portion of them, together with the Priory itself, was granted to the Mayor and citizens of Kilkenny. The same monarch made provision for the late Prior, Richard Cantwell, by appointing him Curate and Chaplain of the parochial church of St. John the Evangelist, Kilkenny ... he [Henry VIII] also granted a yearly pension of 40s. to Thomas Marshall, 40s. to Robert Purcell, and 40s. to Robert Rothe[137] (apparently Canons of the Priory)."[138]
  • After Rory Caoch O'More (the one-eyed) was slain in 1547 or 1548, Abbeyleix Abbey and its temporalities were next granted to William Cantwell, who as "William Cantwell, of the Monastery of the B.V.M. [sic] of Lexe [Laois], gentleman" received a pardon from the Crown, Nov. 26th 1549. Cantwell was succeeded as grantee by Matthew King, and he, in turn, by Thomas. Earl of Ormond, in 1552.[139]
  • William Cantwell, very likely the same man as in the previous paragraph, served as the Irish Council's negotiator with Shane O'Neill, Prince of Ulster, in August 1561.[140]
  • Piers Cantwell[141] and most of the freeholders of the Co. Kilkenny were presented as charging coyne and livery in 1537.[142]
  • 1549: Pardons to Thomas Cantwell, of Glangowill [Glengall], Richard Cantwell, of Moylossan, kerns [Slievardagh, Co. Tipperary][143]
  • 1550: Richard Cantwell of Moykarky and his wife Gyles ny Duyre (O'Dwyer), Grant of English liberty, at Clonmel.[144]
  • 1550: Pardons to Peter Cantwell, of Moycarke; Thomas Cantwell, chancellor of Cashel; John Cantwell, of Cuilkip [Holy Cross]: Richard Cantwell, of Newegarding [Newgarden?][145]
  • 1550: Pardons to Thomas Purcell [Baron] of Loughmoe; Thomas Cantwell of Athassel, yeoman.[146]
  • 1552: [Slievardagh] Pardons to John Cantwell, of [Glengall], Thomas Cantwell, John Cantwell, William Cantwell, Richard Cantwell, Nicholas Cantwell, of Killeen, Philip Purcell, of Ballycharnaghe.[147] [estimating all born 1500-1530 and likely brothers/cousins of Piers Cantwell, Lord of Moykarky]
  • Piers Roth[148] and Catherine Cantwell (husband & wife), land transaction on 20 Jan 1570[149]
  • 1582: Bond of Thomas Cantwell to Thomas, Earl of Ormond, relating to the Earl's grant to said Thomas of the castle and land of Drominir in Ormond.[150]
  • ca.1590: Birth of Thomas Cantwell of Cantwellscourt, son and heir of John, and grandson of the earlier Thomas. Unlike his forebears, who were loyal to the Ormonds and the Crown, the younger Thomas threw himself whole-heartedly into the Catholic Confederate movement. He was appointed Provost Marshal of the Confederates, and, in discharging the duties of that office, could not fail to bring [upon] himself the bitter hatred of the Protestant loyalists. He is called "that cruel and bloody rebel" by Joseph Wheeler, of Stamcarthy, and others. One of the acts of cruelty attributed to him was the hanging of an Englishman, a malster to one Richard Shawe of Kilkenny, for having said, "that he would believe the divell [devil] as soon the Pope." In the Act of Settlement of Ireland, in August 1652, Thomas was excepted from pardon of life or estate. He died in that or the following year; he was certainly dead before Dec. 1653. His wife was Margaret Walsh, daughter of Thomas Walsh of Piltown, Co. Waterford.[151][152]
  • 1596: Philip Purcell's residence at Ballyfoyle is mentioned in a list of the principal residences in Co. Kilkenny. He received a pardon, Aug. 6th, 1601, and was dead before January 9th, 1606. By his wife Elizabeth Cantwell, otherwise Tobin, who was still living in 1625, he had a son and heir, Edmund Purcell, killed by the Blancheville brothers in 1625. (Elizabeth's surname Tobin apparently came from a 2nd marriage post-1606)[153]
  • 1600: Pardon to John Cantwell fitz Richard, of Paynestown, Co. Tipperary.[154]
  • March 1603: William Cantwell of Glengall (Ballingarry, Co. Tipperary) is yeoman/freeholder and receives a royal pardon.[155]
  • 1606: "Sir Robert Cantwell priest, keepeth most with Mrs Mary Fitzgerrald, alias Cantwell, widdow."[156] "The priest Robert Cantwell was living in Co. Kilkenny with Mary Fitzgerald, widow of Thomas Cantwell (d. before 1606) of Cantwellscourt. Thomas had been sheriff of the county in 1585 and we may assume that he and Mary were related to the priest whom she sheltered."[157][158]
  • 1642, October 31. London. Letter from Don Jayme Nochera to Luke Wadding, O.S.F., Guardian of St. Isidore's, Rome: The Venerable Confessor Fr. Francis Cantual [Cantwell] died in the dungeon. He was buried in his habit in St. Francis', London, in the body of the Church.[159]
  • 1650s: A similar fate (confiscation by Cromwell) befell John's distant cousin John Cantwell of Cantwellscourt, Co. Kilkenny (born c.1625). He was transplanted to Connaught, with his mother (Margaret Walsh) and their dependants. His possessions, confiscated at the same time, consisted of Cantwell's Court, (with "a castle and a large stone house in repair"), 417 acres; Cantwell's Garden (now Grove), 206 acres; Tulloghbrine, 753 acres profitable, and 428 acres unprofitable, in the parish of Rathcoole; Strahan (with "a good castle in repair, and a water mill"), 339 acres; Kilfane, (with "the ruins of an old abby or church and a stone house"), and Closcreggs, 413 acres profitable and 20 unprofitable, in the Parish of Kilfane; and Rameeneduff, 24 acres, in the Parish of Ballenamara -- in all 2,600 acres. On the same occasion, John Cantwell, junr., forfeited Kilkerane (with "a water corn mill"), 448 acres, in the parish of Rathcoole; and Nicholas Cantwell Carrigeene, 277 acres, in the same parish.
  • John Cantwell of Cantwellscourt joined the service of his exiled Majesty King Charles II, and served under his ensigns beyond the seas, finally becoming a Captain in Colonel James Dempsy's Regiment, which served under the Prince of Conde. He signed the petition of the officers of that Regiment to be restored to their estates but got no redress. No record remains of his ultimate fate. In 1663 Captain John Cantwell, son-in-law to Philip Purcell of Ballyfoyle, paid 1 pound hearth money for [the ancient family property] Cantwell's Court, and, in the same year, Redmund Purcell paid 6s. hearth money for the house or castle of Stroane.[160]

Cantwells on the Continent

Starting in the 1500s, many Irish families sent their sons to the Continent (mainly the Catholic strongholds of Spain, Italy, France) for religious or military reasons. Some examples:

  • Nicholas Cantwell of Kilkenny (possible younger son of Thomas Cantwell of Cantwellscourt) studied at the Irish College of Salamanca[161] for at least the period 1608-1611[162]
  • Michael Cantwell moved to Spain during the reign of Felipe III when the Spanish were lending support to Irish Catholics. He was a "prominent Irish Jesuit" born in Ireland in 1589 "to a noble Irish family, the landlords of Moycarcky.[163] He was educated in the universities of Seville and Coimbra. In 1605 he took vows in the Society of Jesus and was ordained 3 years later. In the seminary of Santiago de Compostela, he occupied the vacant chair of philosophy, his presence there coinciding with that of the distinguished Jesuit, Richard Conway. In 1619 Conway became director of the Irish College in Seville, and Cantwell accompanied him in his new ministry. He was "known in Spanish sources as Miguel de Cantovilla or under his alias, Miguel de Morales. One profile focuses on "his many deals and negotiations ... his attempts to secure the lion's share of the much sought-after pension in Cádiz ... His career reveals the significance of royal patronage for the Irish religious community ... He prospered from serving as agent of the Irish bishops in Rome." [Circa 1620] "he travelled back to Ireland and began to work in Cashel, near his family estates. According to his own account, he built a house that served as a chapel for the Catholic community. By appealing to his relatives and by dipping into his own pocket, he was able to furnish it with everything needed for divine worship." He received a Doctor of Theology degree in 1631 from the University of Santo Tomás de Avila. The profile also focuses on "the strategy he employed in both the Spanish and papal courts to obtain various incomes and ecclesiastical favours. As a final result of his manoeuvres he came a pensioner of the Catholic King."[164] Michael Cantwell is also profiled extensively in a book by the same Spanish author.[165]
  • The same Michael Cantwell as above: "Michael Cantwell, Soceity of Jesus [var. Melory Cantuel, Miguel de Cantovillas, Miguel de Morales]. From Waterford, he attended school with Luke Wadding OFM and Patrick Comerford, who later became bishop of Waterford. Cantwell then studied in Spain and worked for 8 years on the mission to Ireland. He left the Society of Jesus before being appointed agent in Rome of the clergy of Munster and parts of Leinster in 1630. Five years later, he returned to Spain in the service of the Irish colleges."[166]


  1. "The Graces of Courtstown", from Rev. Carrigan's History of the Diocese of Ossory (1905):
  4. "The Archer Family: Early Documented History":
  5. "The Cantwells of Cantwellscourt", from Rev. Carrigan's History of the Diocese of Ossory (1905):
  6. "The Forrestall Family: Early Documented History"
  7. "The Purcell Family: Early Documented History"
  8. The family name was variously spelled Daton, D'autun, Dalton, d'Alton, Datoun:
  9. John O'Hart, Irish Pedigrees: The Origin & Stem of the Irish Nation, (P. Murphy & Son, New York, 1915), p.844
  10. Michael John Brenan, An Ecclesiastical History of Ireland (J. Duffy, Ireland 1864), p.438:
  11. James Graves, The history, architecture, and antiquities of the cathedral church of St. Canice, Kilkenny (Dublin: Hodges, Smith, & Co, 1857), pp.180+
  13. Vol.3, pp.275+
  14. Calendar of Documents (1302-7), p.19:
    • Other men summoned by the King to the war in Scotland included:
      • Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster; Geoffrey de Geneville, John Wogan, Justiciar of Ireland; John de Barry, Peter son of James de Burmyngham, Maurice de Rocheford, John de Cogan, Walter de Lacy, Maurice de Caunteton, William de Barry, Edmund le Butiller, John le Botiller, Eustace le Poer, George de la Roche, John le Poer, Hugh Purcel, Odo de Barry, Thomas de Cantewell, Herbert de Mareys, Matthew de Caunteton, William de Burgh, Reymund de Burgh, David de Rocheford, Richard, William, and John le Botiller, John son of Robert le Poer, Stephen le Poer, Milo de Rochfort, Henry son of Henry de Rochefort, Henry son of Simon de Rochefort, Fulk de la Freigne, William de St. Leger, Anselm and David de Gras, Henry de Bermyngham, William and Walter le Poer, Edmund de Gras, John son of Hugh de Rochfort, Laurence de Rochfort, Philip, Maurice, and Adam Purcel, Adam de la Roche, Hamo de Gras, David de la Roche, John son of John le Poer, William de Cauntetone, Robert de Cauntetone, William son of William Barry, Robert Arundel, Edmund de Courcy, David and Jordan de Cauntetone, William son of Philip de la Roche.
  15. Dennis Walsh, "County Kilkenny Ireland Genealogy", accessed 16 Feb 2021:
  16. See the Wikitree profiles for John Cantwell (1405-1452) and John Cantwell (1424-1484), both of whom have entries in the Dictionary of Irish Biography.
  19. "After a fire destroyed [Cashel Abbey], perhaps during an armed conflict, it was rebuilt and refurbished by John Cantwell, Archbishop of Cashel, at his own expense in 1480. Archbishop Cantwell was named both patron and co-founder of the Abbey in a document signed at a chapter meeting in Limerick ca.1480. The chapter also declared that Cantwell and all assisting his work would be beneficiaries of all the prayers of the Dominicans in Ireland."
  20. Angela Mungham, thesis submitted 31 March 2006 to the Department of History, Durham University. "English Settlers in 14th Century Ireland: A case study of 12 landed families of South Leinster/East Munster," pp.17-19, pp.135-136:
  21. Referring to Rev. William Carrigan, author of The History & Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory (1905)
  22. William P. Burke, History of Clonmel (N. Harvey & Co., Waterford, Ireland, 1907), Chapter 3:
  23. "The Irish famously employed "Cethernacht" or Kern as light infantry. These usually made up the bulk of Gaelic and even later Anglo-Norman Irish armies during the Middle Ages to Renaissance eras. Traditionally armed with javelins and swords while wearing no armour, in later periods they were equipped with caliver muskets while still using little to no armour. They were notably effective while employed in tandem with heavily armed "Galloglaich" or anglicised Gallowglass. They could provide effective support to heavily armed troops as well as endlessly harassing enemies in difficult terrain." See also:
  24. Undoubtedly the relatives of Sir Richard Rothe MP (1550-1622), trusted advisor (and 3rd cousin) to Thomas, 10th Earl of Ormond, during 40 years.
  25. The likely relatives of Gerald Wale (Wall, Val, du Vall), of Coolnamuck, Co. Waterford.
  27. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #10, p.5
  28. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #34
  29. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #105
  30. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #113, p.48
  31. For information on Sir Hugh Purcell and his ancestors Walter and Hugh, see "Purcells in Ireland (1200-1600):
  32. Graves, The history, architecture, and antiquities of the cathedral church of St. Canice, Kilkenny, p.181
  33. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry 127, p.57
  34. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entries #152 and #153, p.67
  35. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #220
  36. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #270, p.108
  37. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #281
  38. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #298, p.120
  39. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #315, pp.128-129
  40. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #348, p.140
  41. Possibly 4th Lord Barry and eldest son of David Barry of County Cork.
  42. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #374, p.148
  43. Graves, ibid
  44. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #447, pp.175-6
  45. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #482, pp.193-4
  46. See also the reference to "Robert de Cantwell" as a possible ancestor of Sir John Morres (1545-1621), Baron of Marisco.
  47. Who Was Who in Medieval Limerick,
  48. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #499, p.199
  49. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #525, p.216
  50. James Graves, "The Ancient Tribes and Territories of Ossory, No.1", Transactions of the Kilkenny Archaeological Society, Vol.1, No.2 (1850), published by the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, p.236:
  51. Wikipedia: Cantwell Fada
  52. According to the photographer: Cantwell Fada – The Long Man – is the largest effigy of its kind in Britain and Ireland. The Cantwells were a Norman family, from Suffolk. They came to Ireland in the late 12th century and were made Lords of Kilfane for their loyal service to Theobald Walter, 1st Chief Butler of Ireland. In contrast to the smiling knights and bishops of Jerpoint Abbey, Thomas Cantwell’s carved face looks gloomy and unhappy. The story goes that the reason of his unhappiness and death was his marriage to Beatrice Donati, whom he met while on crusade. Beatrice soon bored of her life with Cantwell and befriended the famous ‘Kilkenny witch’ Alice Kyteler. Both women were arrested. Beatrice was held in Kilkenny dungeon but escaped and hid for 5 months in a monastery. Her husband eventually captured her and killed her accomplice, but Beatrice managed to fatally stab Thomas in the heart with a gold bodkin:
  53. Photograph of Kilfane Church, and map pinpointing the location, from the website "Irish Castles":
  54. The Alice Kyteler witchcraft trial was well-documented in 1320s Ireland. According to Wikipedia, citing two research papers: "Dame Alice Kyteler (1263–after 1325) was the first recorded person condemned for witchcraft in Ireland."
  55. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #584, p.252
  56. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, p.247
  58. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, item 630, pp.267-8
  59. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #666, p.280
  60. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #689
  61. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #766, p.324
  62. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #776
  63. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #776, p.328
  64. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #735, pp.311-2
  65. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #798, p.337
  66. Ormond Deeds, Vol.2, item 21 (two entries on different pages)
  67. Ormond Deeds, Vol.1, entry #766, p,325
  68. History of Clonmel, p.425:
  69. Ormond Deeds, Vol.2, p.33
  70. Ormond Deeds, v2, pp.40-41, 44, 47.
  71. Carrigan, Vol.3, chapter "Parish of St. John's", pp.251-2
  72. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 123, p.97
  73. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 131 (two entries on different pages).
  74. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 183.
  75. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 177 (two entries on different pages).
  76. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 191, p.132.
  77. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 193, p.136.
  78. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 209, p.146.
  79. Ormond Deeds, v2, p.135
  80. Graves, ibid
  81. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 438.
  82. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 308.
  83. Ormond Deeds, v2, pp.199-200.
  84. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 316, p.225.
  85. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 345, p.245.
  86. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 360 (two entries on different pages).
  87. Ormond Deeds, v2, p.260; also item 377, p.270.
  88. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 377.
  89. Ormond Deeds, v2, p.262.
  90. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 390, p.281
  91. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 415, p.302
  92. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 4, p.6
  93. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 9
  94. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 14, p.10
  95. Ormond Deeds, v.3, item 19, two entries on different pages.
  96. Graves, The history, architecture, and antiquities of the cathedral church of St. Canice, Kilkenny, p.177
  97. Ormond Deeds, v3, p.387
  98. "In 1333 Thomas Cantwell was knighted by the Earl of Ormond; and two years later, Thomas and John de Cantwell were summoned to the war against the Scots."
  99. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 137
  100. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 137, p.122
  101. "Burgesses of Kyldenall" [Killenaule, Slievardagh] in November 1441, from the Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol.3, entry #146:
  102. History of Killenaule:
  103. Who Was Who in Medieval Limerick,
  104. Ormond Deeds, Vol.3, entry #175
  105. More than one Richard O'Hedian served as Archbishop of Cashel in the 1400s. The Richard O'Hedian mentioned in the previous footnote was John's immediate predecessor in the position.
  106. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 175
  107. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 129, p.116
  108. Ormond Deeds, v3, p.356
  109. Niall C.E.J. O’Brien, "Jerpoint Abbey in the Calendar of Papal Registers", Old Kilkenny Review, Volume No. 68 (2016), referencing J.A. Twemlow (editor), Calendar of Papal Registers, volume XIII, 1471-1484, p. 286:
  110. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 244
  111. Carrigan, Vol.1, p.237:
  112. Carrigan, Vol.1, p.247:
  113. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 262, p.255
  114. "[Saint John's Priory] was suppressed during the reign of Henry VIII. The last Prior was Richard Cantwell, and on 21 March 1540 he surrendered the Priory, which then was granted to the Mayor and Citizens of Kilkenny. Richard Cantwell was then appointed Curate and Chaplain of the Parish Church of Saint John the Evangelist, while four canons of the Priory, Thomas Marshall, Robert Purcell, Robert Rothe -- possibly the same Robert Rothe who was grandfather of Sir Robert Rothe MP (1550-1622).
  115. "Patrick Comerford: An Online Journal on Anglicanism"
  116. St. John's Abbey in Kilkenny was founded in 1211 by William Mareschal, Earl of Pembroke, for the relief of the indigent poor. Richard Cantwell, the last prior, surrendered the house and all its possessions during the Suppresson of the Monasteries in 1540. Granted to the mayor and citizens of Kilkenny were 100 acres, 40 gardens, a water mill on Magdalene Street, a wood called Channonsgrove with 200 acres adjoining, 10 messuages and 200 acres in Drakeland, and another messuage in the town.
  117. The Black Abbey, in the Irishtown, was a Dominican Priory founded in 1225. by William Mareschal, Earl of Pembroke, who is buried there. Peter Cantwell, the last prior, surrendered it and in 1544 it was granted to William Archer and the burgesses of Kilkenny:
    • William Cobbett
  118. History and modern photos of the Black Abbey:
  119. A brief biography of Bishop Oliver Cantwell appears in Rev. William Carrigan's "The Bishops of Ossory During the 15th Century", from The History & Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory (1905), Vol.1, p.66:
  120. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 289
  121. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 311, p.305
  122. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 326, p.321
  123. Notarial instrument recording the judgment of Oliver Cantwell, Bishop of Ossory, in a dispute between the Friars (Preachers and Minors) of Kilkenny and Edmund Sieger.
    • Supplement to the Ormond Deeds, pp.112-114
  124. Carrigan, Vol.1, p.247:
  125. Supplement to the Ormond Deeds, pp.65, 126, 132
  126. Ormond Deeds, v4, item 34, p.36
  127. James Graves, The history, architecture, and antiquities of the cathedral church of St. Canice, Kilkenny (Dublin: Hodges, Smith, & Co, 1857), p.209:
    • "There exists in the Evidence Chamber, Kilkenny Castle, another document (under the mark and certificate of Thomas Fyan, an Ossory clergyman, and notary public), whereby Oliver [Cantwell], Bishop of Ossory, makes known to all whom it may concern, that on the 8th of November, 1516, Piers Butler, Earl of Ormonde, petitioned him to record the testimony of certain witnesses in proof that the Earldom of Ormonde, and the property attached thereto, were entailed on heirs male."
  128. Graves (ibid)
  129. Ormond Deeds, v.5, entry 59, p.59
  130. Calendar of Ormond Deeds, Vol IV, 1509-47:
  131. Ormond Deeds, v2, item 433.
  132. Carrigan, Vol.2, pp.396-7:
  133. Transcriptions of these 3 tombstones also appear in Memorials of the Dead, published in 1901 by the Association for the Preservation of Memorials of the Dead in Ireland, pp.453-7:
  134. As one choice, Margaret was possibly the daughter of Sir James Butler of Polestown.
  135. Graves (ibid), pp.181-2
  136. Possible grandfather of Sir Robert Rothe MP (1550-1622).
  137. Carrigan, Vol.3, p.253:
  138. Carrigan, Vol.2, p.391:
  139. The 4 men (presumably of the Irish Council) who authorised William Cantwell's representation as negotiator with Shane O'Neill were Baltinglass, Howth, Slane and Louth. The author references the item "Sussex and Irish council, remembrances or instructions given to William Cantwell, 6 Aug 1561," as recorded in the State Papers for Ireland, 63/4/29.
    • Gerald Power, A European frontier elite: the nobility of the English Pale in Tudor Ireland, 1496-1566 (216 pages; published in 2012), p.177:
  140. Possibly the same Piers Cantwell who was the "foster father" of Edward Butler of Ballinahinch, the rebellious younger brother of Thomas, 10th Earl of Ormond. From context, Piers is the likely brother of Myles Cantwell, who was sheltering Edward's elder brother Sir Edmund Butler at his home.
  141. "History & Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory," published in 1905 by Rev. Canon William Carrigan, in the section "The Cantwells of Cantwellscourt":
  142. Fiants of Edward VI:
  143. Fiants of Edward VI, Deputy Keeper of the Public Records in Ireland, 6th Edition (1874), p.73, item 434:
  144. Fiants of Edward VI:
  145. Fiants of Edward VI:
  146. Fiants of Edward VI:
  147. A likely uncle or "cousin" to Sir Robert Rothe, legal advisor to Thomas, 10th Earl of Ormond.
  148. Gerry O'Keefe, "St Francis Abbey 1230–1630: A History & Archaeology of Kilkenny's Conventual Franciscans" (Old Kilkenny Review, Vol.68, 2016)
  149. Ormond Deeds, v3, item 357
  150. "The Cantwells of Cantwellscourt", from History & Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory, published in 1905 by Rev. Canon William Carrigan:
  151. "History of Kinsalebeg: The Walshes of Pilltown".
  152. Rev. William Carrigan, The History & Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory (1905), section focusing on the Parish of Ballyfoyle, Vol.3, pp.464+:
  153. Fiants of Elizabeth, from the 17th Report, Deputy Keeper of the Public Records in Ireland (1885), p.137, item 6442:
  154. From The 18th Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records in Ireland, (published March 1885), p.134:
  155. A note of the names of the preistes semynaries fryers and jesuits, together with their releevers and maintayners in the cittie of Kilkennie (key religious and political figures for the period, preserved in a manuscript which belonged to the Anglican archbishop of Armagh, James Ussher, 1581–1656:
  156. Áine Hensey. A comparative study of the lives of Church of Ireland and Roman Catholic clergy in the south-eastern dioceses of Ireland from 1550 to 1650. Thesis for the degree of PhD, Department of History, National University of Ireland, Maynooth. May 2012, p.147. Available from and here:
  157. The same "Sir Robert Cantwell" is on the list of priests (1604) in the Diocese of Ossory.
    • "With regard to the title Sir prefixed to the name of each of the above priests ... at this period, it was used in reference to ecclesiastics in the same sense as Reverend is used now [1905] ... it indicated the possession of a University degree."
      • Rev. William Carrigan, The History & Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory (1905), Vol.1, p.80:
  158. Report on Franciscan Manuscripts preserved at The Convent, Merchants' Quay, Dublin (published 1906), p.211:
  159. John Cantwell is given as Abbot of Owney. He died in 1665.
    • St. John Seymour, "Abbey Owney, County Limerick", The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Fifth Series, Vol.37, No.2, (1907), p.171:
  160. The Irish College of Salamanca was founded by Irishman Thomas White, S.J. (1556-1622). See p.116 of THE SALAMANCA ARCHIVES by Regina Whelan Richardson:
  161. Hugh Fenning. “Students of the Irish College at Salamanca, 1592–1638.” Archivium Hibernicum, vol. 62 (2009). See p.25:
  162. John Cantwell of Moykarky (born ca.1571) was possibly Miguel's elder brother.
  163. Cristina Bravo Lozano, Michael Cantwell & the Pension of Cádiz: A Troubled Irish Jesuit Career in 17th-Century Spain, from the series The Jesuits in Ireland (Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol 103, No 412, Winter 2014/15, pp.428-446), available in PDF format here:
  164. Cristina Bravo Lozano, Spain and the Irish Mission, 1609-1707, searchable text online here:
  165. Irish In Spain:
  166. In the late 1630s, Michael Cantwell sought to formalise his position in Cádiz, Spain, and at the same time to secure Spanish residency papers for his nephew, Diego Fanin.
  167. Michael Cantwell and his nephew Diego Fañin [sic] are also mentioned (1631) in the Report on Franciscan Manuscripts preserved at The Convent, Merchants' Quay, Dublin. See entry for 20 May 1631 (Madrid) on p.41:


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