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Caplan mtDNA Setup

Privacy Level: Public (Green)

Location: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: Caplan C1c Capela
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Welcome / Bienvenue

This page describes the setup of mtDNA information for descendants of Unknown (Mi'kmaq) Caplan (abt.1680-) through her four daughters. We will assume, then, that you have already determined that this is your matrilineal line.
  1. Matrilineal descent from Unknown (Mi'kmaq) Caplan
  2. Full Spectrum mtDNA test kit result at FamilyTreeDNA. (Record your kit #.)
  3. An account and genealogical profile at WikiTree. (Record your WikiTree ID.)
  4. An account at mitoYDNA. (See instructions below to add your kit.)
  5. An account at GEDmatch (optional). (Record your GEDmatch ID.)

Caplan Descent

Ideally, you have already determined that your matrilineal descent can be genealogically proven to Unknown (Mi'kmaq) Caplan through one of her four daughters. (For our purposes, we assume that Francoise Olivier was a daughter of Madeleine Caplan.) If you are uncertain of your matrilineal descent, please work with others to make that determination.
Knowledge of your maternal line of descent should be recorded at FTDNA and at WikiTree. (If you need help with that, feel free to ask for help.)


We will assume that you have already taken a Full Spectrum mtDNA test with FamilyTreeDNA, that the result indicates Haplogroup C1c, and that you have matches (GD=0) with more than 20 other mtDNA kits that are also reporting Haplogroup C1c and whose Earliest Known Ancestor (EKA) is Unknown (Mi'kmaq) Caplan or one of her known descendants.

Account Settings

While logged into FamilyTreeDNA, In the far right menu (Your name and kit #), you can select "Account Settings".
Under the "Genealogy" tab, you should fill in information about your "Direct Maternal Ancestor"
  • Name and birth/death date: (one of the following)
Marguerite Caplan, b. abt 1701
Catherine Caplan, b. abt 1705,
Marie Louise Caplan, b. abt 1704
Madeleine Caplan, b. abt 1708
Francoise Olivier, b. abt 1726
  • Country of Origin: Canada (First Nations)
  • Maternal Ancestral Location: Pabos, Le Rocher-Percé, Quebec
Under the "Privacy and Sharing" tab
  • Select "Opt in to Matching"
  • Set your Match Levels to "All Levels"
  • Set your Family Tree Sharing to "Opt in to Sharing"
  • Select who can view your tree to "All Family Tree Users" or "Only Matches"
Under the "Project Preferences" tab
  • Set your Group Project Profile to "Opt in to Sharing"
  • Set your Coding Region Sharing to "Opt in to Sharing"

Group Projects

We recommend that you join the following group projects:
  • Acadian Amerindian Ancestry (Admin: Marie Rundquist, Roberta Estes, et al.)
  • American Indian Project (Admin: Roberta Estes, Marie Rundquist, et al.)
  • C Haplogroup mtDNA (Admin: Roberta Estes, et al.)
  • Genealogie Quebec (Admin: Pierre Gendreau-Hétu, et al.)
  • Quebec mtDNA (Admin: Pierre Gendreau-Hétu, et al.)
Other group projects where you may discover matches:
  • Acadia-Métis Mothers (Admin: Karen Theriot-Reader)
  • Amerind Founder (Admin: Ana Oquendo Pabón)
  • French Heritage DNA (Admin: Denis Beauregard, Denis Savard, et al.)
  • Mothers of Acadia (Admin: Lucie LeBlanc Consentino, Marcelle Comeau)
  • NfldLab-mtDNA (Admin: David Pike)

Your Family Tree

Ideally, you will have a family tree at FamilyTreeDNA that includes your maternal line as far back as your Earliest Known Ancestor (EKA). (If you need help with that, feel free to ask for help.)
Privacy Concerns
For the sake of privacy, some people would prefer not to publish a family tree. There are measures that you can take to mitigate your risks. For example, some people chose to make themselves, their parents, and even their grandparents anonymous or private from public view. (If you need help with that, feel free to ask for help.)

Record Your mtDNA Mutations

While you are logged into FamilyTreeDNA, you should copy your mtDNA mutation values for HVR1, HVR2, and CR (Coding Region), which you will need when you setup your mitoYDNA kit. (Copy info into a temporary document for now.)
  1. Under the "Results and Tools" menu, select "mtDNA -- Mutations"
  2. Under "Your Results", select the "rCRS Values" tab
  3. Copy your HVR1 and HVR2 values.
For your convenience, here are the typical HVR1 and HVR2 values for most Caplan descendants:
  • HVR1: 16223T 16298C 16325C 16327T
  • HVR2: 73G 150T 152C 249- 263G 290- 291- 309.1C 315.1C 489C
It is possible that your HVR1 or HVR2 values differ from the typical Caplan descendant. Please verify your values before you copy these ones.
  • Copy your CR values: (place cursor before "750G" and drag it past "15930A", then copy)
  • Record these values in a temporary document for now. You will need them later.
Please note that we have not included typical CR values here for two reasons:
  1. The Coding Region (CR) values tend to include information that can be used to determine some medical conditions. So, for the sake of privacy, most DNA sites and software do not expose CR values.
  2. Among our C1c matches we have noticed that there are some who register as GD=1 or GD=2, and where the difference(s) are inferred to be in the Coding region. Because the CR is represented by a long string of values, we deem it to be more reliable for each tester to copy their CR value set into mitoYDNA.


You should have an account at WikiTree with your own profile.

Join the Family Tree

Unlike the other genealogy sites, there is only one tree at WikiTree, and we are all part of that tree. As a Caplan descendant, many of your ancestors are already listed in WikiTree. Your goal is to connect your maternal line to the most recent maternal ancestor who is already listed. (If you need help with that, feel free to ask for help.)
Privacy Concerns
For the sake of privacy, some people would prefer not to expose their family tree. There are measures that you can take to mitigate your risks. WikiTree offers us the ability to set Privacy settings on individual profiles. Some people chose to make themselves, their parents, and even their grandparents anonymous or private from public view. (If you need help with that, feel free to ask for help.)

Add DNA Test Information

While signed into WikiTree, from the "Add +" menu, select "DNA Test Information"
Add New Test Information
Click here to select new DNA test: FTDNA Mitochondrial
Mitochondrial haplogroup: C1c
Test Type: Full Sequence (we are assuming that you took an FMS test)
mitoYDNA ID: FILL-IN (we will come back to this)
Within 24-48 hours, you will see evidence that WikiTree has recognized your DNA test info. At the top right-hand side of your profile, you will see your name and kit # appear under the heading "DNA Connections". You will notice that there are other mtDNA testers listed. We hope that eventually all of the Caplan mtDNA testers will be included on that list.


We ask you to establish yourself and your mtDNA kit at mitoYDNA because the tools at WikiTree and mitoYDNA allow us to make our own comparisons between and among kits.
Until now, we have had to rely upon the administrators of FTDNA group projects to validate our mtDNA kits and to place them within their projects. Some of those project administrators have demonstrated that they have their own agendas. Our goal in migrating to WikiTree and mitoYDNA is to democratize the study of Caplan mtDNA.

Create a mitoYDNA account

Establish an account at mitoYDNA

Add a new mitoYDNA kit

1. While logged into mitoYDNA, select the "Kits" menu
2. Select "Create New Kit"
Kit Type: Person
Allow whatever you choose (You might choose not to allow Law Enforcement access)
Test Company: FTDNA
Test Type: mtDNA
Date Taken: FILL-IN (See your FTDNA home page)
Testing Company ID: FILL-IN YOUR KIT #
Names: Given & Family (Names of the tester)
Tester is 18/over: Check
Gender: Female or Male
EKA names: Unknown Mi'kmaq
EKA birthdate: 1/1/1680
EKA birthplace: Mi'kma'qi, Turtle Island
EKA Death Date:
EKA Death Place: Gespe’gewa’gi, Mi'kma'qi, Turtle Island
URL to EKA Tree:'kmaq-11/890
Haplogroup: C1c
Additional Information: Native spouse of Guillaume Capela; mother of Marguerite, Catherine, Louise, and Madeleine Caplan.
Choose "Manually Entered"[1]
When you choose Manually Entered, there will be three fields to fill in: HVR1, HVR2, CR Differences from rCRS.
Select Create
Save your kit and record the kit # (you need your mitoYDNA kit # in next step)

Add your mitoYDNA information at WikiTree

Finally you need to add your mitoYDNA kit # to the WikiTree DNA test record.
  1. While signed into WikiTree, from the "Add +" menu, select "DNA Test Information" to take you back to the "DNA Tests for [...]" page.
  2. Find your "FTDNA Mitochondrial: Mitochondrial (maternal line) DNA test from FamilyTree DNA"
  3. Select "Edit or enter more details"
Select Save Details

DNA Connections

Within 24-48 hours after you have completed all of these steps, you will see that your name appears in the list of "DNA Connections" near the top right side of your profile. In fact, it will appear in this list on the profile of every matrilineal descendant of Unknown (Mi'kmaq) Caplan. WikiTree also attached a label "Tested" wherever you appear in genealogical lists of descendants.

DNA Confirmations

WikiTree employs a special mechanism, DNA Confirmation, to record DNA matches and their Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA). Ideally, we would have DNA Confirmations between and among as many Caplan descendants as possible (or practical). With DNA Confirmation(s) in place, you can set maternal relationship(s) to "Confirmed with DNA".
As we add more and more DNA Confirmations, the descendant lines of Unknown (Mi'kmaq) Caplan will increasingly reflect our acquired genetic knowledge.
Here is a (contrived) example that confirms the maternal relationship of C.B., all the way up to Unknown (Mi'kmaq) Caplan and then back down to D.C.:
Maternal relationship is confirmed through Mitochondrial DNA test results on Family Tree DNA. C.B., FTDNA kit # MTXXXX, and her 9C1R, D.C. FTDNA kit # BXXXXX, have a Full Spectrum mtDNA match, thereby confirming their direct maternal lines back to their most-recent common ancestor who is Unknown (Mi'kmaq) Caplan, the 8x great grandmother of C.B. and 9x great grandmother of D.C.
There is a special WikiTree tool that you can use to construct a DNA Confirmation:
If you need help with creating DNA Confirmations for your maternal line, please feel free to reach out for assistance.

YFull (optional)

YFull is a DNA repository where we can find many C1c kits that aren't found at FTDNA, including scientific samples and ancient DNA. The site is important to our research because it is a principal repository of some Newfoundland Beothuk kits with whom many Caplan descendants have partial matches.
There is a $25USD fee to register your mtDNA kit with YFull, so we don't expect everybody to register with YFull, but it would be good if we had one or two people from the lines of each of the sisters.
So far, there are 2 known Caplan descendants and one known Duval descendant registered at YFull.

Thank You

Glad you stopped by and got this far down the page. Let me know if you need any help.

Further Reading

DNA Repositories

All of the big name DNA testing companies (autosomal DNA) also serve as repositories. Ancestry is a special case; you must take a DNA test with Ancestry to get into its repository. The other companies typically allow you to download your test results and upload to another site. GEDmatch is a special case; you may not take a test, you may only upload autosomal DNA, you may upload multiple kits and combine them, it has cool DNA tools, and it ties into WikiTree.
The yDNA and mtDNA landscape is a bit different. Most of the popular autosomal DNA testing companies have bowed out of the yDNA and mtDNA space.
FamilyTreeDNA (FTDNA)[2] is a DNA testing company, a DNA repository, and the home of many research groups who study the results of yDNA and mtDNA tests by people like you and me. It also offers atDNA testing and a matching service. FamilyTreeDNA remains the go-to testing company and foremost repository, in large part because it hosts so many research groups. It performs a valuable service to the research and genealogy communities.
Your yDNA and mtDNA test results are summarized by a fielded set of number/letter string sequences that represent the differences between your DNA and a reference standard for all humans. By using just a small set of number/letter fields, a summary of a person's DNA differences can be communicated in a comma-separated-value (CSV) file. And FTDNA has an option to export those files for consumption by other DNA repositories.
Yfull[3] is an established DNA repository used by academic and forensic researchers. It boasts a more current iteration of the human haplotree, with more defined subclades. The C1c haplotree at YFull includes kits for a descendant of Louise and of Madeleine Caplan. It turns out that the Caplan and Duval descendants define own subclade: Hg=C1c10a. It does not currently offer integration points with WikiTree or other popular genealogy and research tools. However it is a treasure trove of scientific test sample results, including archaeological finds such as Demasduit and ancient Beothuk sample kits. It's a great service.
mitoYDNA[4] is a relatively new entrant to the field, but it's coming on strong. Like WikiTree, they are volunteer-based. The data repository and software are compliant with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).[5] mitoYDNA is an accelerator pack for DNA research on WikiTree. It has an integration point with WikiTree that is best described in the following video segment.


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