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Carleton and York Regiment, World War II

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Date: 1939 to 1945
Location: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: New_Brunswick Canadian_Army World_War_II
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The Carleton and York Regiment

The Carleton and York Regiment mobilized The Carleton and York Regiment, CASF, on 1 September 1939. It was redesignated the 1st Battalion, The Carleton and York Regiment, CASF, on 7 November 1940.

It embarked for Britain on 9 December 1939 as part of the first contingent. Lt. Col. Ganong took it to England and had the distinction of heading the first Canadian battalion to set foot on English soil.

After several strategic changes, the Regiment began final training for intense fighting on the continent. After three and a half years, it participated in the invasion of Sicily in July-August, 1943, after landing in Sicily on 10 July 1943. In 3 September 1943, the Regiment participated in the invasion of the Italian mainland, as an assault battalion in the leading brigade, as part of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division.

Fighting as part of the British 8th Army for three months, constantly confronting difficult terrain and skillful delaying tactics (such as bridge demolition) by the retreating Germany soldiers.

In December 1943, however, the nature of the conflict changed, as the Germans attempted to contain the Allies as far south as possible.

From then until March 1945, the Carleton and York Regiment was engaged in a serious of intense and costly battles, including Ortona, the Gothic Line, and the Liri Valley.

On 16 March 1945, it moved to North-West Europe as part of Operation Goldflake, where it fought until the end of the war. The overseas battalion was disbanded on 30 September 1945.

On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force battalion was mobilized for service in the Pacific, under the designation 2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion, (The Carleton and York Regiment), CASF. The battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1945.

After returning to Canada, it was reverted to a militia unit and, in 1954, it was combined with the New Brunswick Scottish Regiment to create First Battalion, The Royal New Brunswick Regiment (Carleton and York).

Carleton & York Regiment Memorial Park is located next to the Armory on Carleton Street in Fredericton.

Battle Honours, World War II

Landing in Sicily; Valguarnera Sicily, 1943; Landing at Reggio; Gambatesa; The Sangro; The Gully; Point 59; Cassino II; Gustav Line; Liri Valley; Hitler Line; Melfa Crossing; Gothic Line; Lamone Crossing; Rimini Line; San Fortunato; Naviglio Canal; Italy, 1943–1945; [Normandy Landing]; [Carpiquet]; Falaise; Falaise Road; The Laison; Chambois; The Seine, 1944; [Boulogne, 1944]; Moerbrugge; Moerkerke; The Scheldt; Breskens Pocket; The Lower Maas; Kapelsche Veer; The Rhineland; The Rhine; Apeldoorn; Küsten Canal; Bad Zwischenahn; North-West Europe, 1944–1945



  • Robert Tooley. (1989) Invicta: The Carleton and York Regiment in the Second World War. New Ireland Press. Fredericton. 471 pages. ISBN-10: 0920483291. ISBN-13: 978-0920483299

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