Location: Kentucky, United States
The following is the result of a search for mining information that might have information about William Michael Murphy
Geography - Historical Locations - Mining
USA Mining Fatalities Databases - mining databases - accidents fatalities - USA
COAL-MINE FATALITIES IN THE UNITED STATES 1870-1914 Gives overall statistics by state.
Coal and Metal and Nonmetal Mine Accident and Fatality Resources by State
Cyndi's List - MIners & Mining
The rise of Company communities of coal mining and coal miners in Bell County, Kentucky occurred after about 1903. Lists of these Coal Camps for the Bell County are listed in the webpage Bell Kentucky Coal Mining Camps. More information about mining prior to 1903 NEEDS to be located.
This Bell County Mining Company list names these communities in Bell County. Only two are listed as starting before 1903, Better Coal Company, Middlesborough, Bell County, Kentucky and Lewis & Campbell Coal Company, Fourmile, Bell County, Kentucky.
[Index of Kentucky Miniing Deaths] Does not include a record for a William Murphy. The index does have some records in the 1890's including a few records in the 1890s for Bell County. The index is from 2014. Probably need to look at source sites.
KY History of Coal This site lists a time line of Coal Mining Facts. It states that Reporting of Coal Mining Fatalities in Kentucky did not start until 1890, but there were no underground fatalities in Kentucky since 1890. Seems hard to believe.
The most comprehensive website is Wayne's World of History and Genealogy. This link provides a county by county listing of coal mining fatalities. This site was searched, county by county. There was one fatality for a Michael Murphy of the right age and the death in a matching year. However, this website also tells the family situation for each miner. This Michael Murphy, miner, was not our William Michael Murphy. Also found were several William Murphy's but each event was either at a much later date or the family details were not the family of our William MIchael Murphy.
Illinois Statewide Death Index, Pre-1916
link Strip Coal Mining and Reclamation in Fulton County, Illinois: An Environmental History
Mining Community Health Investigations
A short search of investigations into effects on Infant Mortality in Pre-1900 Coal Mining Communities was made. Surprisingly, there is very little research. However, a search for birth and death certificates for infant deaths in the period shows that the certificates are virtually non-existant. As such studies are based on vital statitics, none can be done if there are no vital statistics to study. NOTE: This researcher, [Price-18572] , doing genealogy research for a DNA match found a family (about 1920-1930) with a horrendous number of infant deaths. This is anecdotal but it does make one wonder. One source of infant mortality data that researchers have overlooked is the 1900 and 1910 US Censuses. The questions to a mother as to how many children she has born and how many are living is indicative of community morality rates if studied.
Proximity to coal mines and mortality rates in the Appalachian Region
Fertility, Nuptiality, and Occupation: A Study of Coal Mining Populations and Regions in England and Wales in the Mid-Nineteenth Century
"Strip Coal mining and Reclamation in Fulton County, illinois: An Environmental history" by Greg Hall; Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/jillistathistsoc.108.1.0054 Published by: University of Illinois Press on behalf of the Illinois State Historical SocietySource: Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (1998-) , Vol. 108, No. 1 (Spring 2015), pp. 54-73
African American Coal Miners - Web Links
Importing Negro Miners/Strikebreakers from Kentucky
"History of African-American Miners in the Appalachian Coal Fields": https://www.africanamerica.org/topic/history-of-african-american-miners-in-the-appalachian-coal-fields
History of African-American Miners in the Appalachian Coal Fields
The Cherokee Census Rolls from 1835 contains lists of Cherokees and associates forced from the south on the trail of tears. There are 3-4 Heads of Household with the Surname of Murphy. A document to keep in mind Census records and Cherokee muster rolls.
Tennessee State Census - Voters of 1891. Briefly searched on Ancestry. Nothing found but might be worth a look if you can browse the originals.
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