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Chater Family and the Sandemanian Church

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Surnames/tags: Chater Sandemanian nonconformist
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Robert Sandeman
The Sandemanian church is a non-conformist protestant movement which began in Scotland in 1730’s and spread into England and to the USA. The church was founded by John Glas (1695-1773) (and is also known as the Glasite Church) but much of the teaching was developed and promoted by his son-in-law Robert Sandeman (1718-1771), who founded churches in England and in North America.

The churches were close knit communities, and many families were members of the church for several generations.

The London church included notables such as Michael Faraday. The church has now died out.

This page is part of the History of Nonconformists in London and surrounding counties, part of the TopicsTeam, a topic of the England Project.

Sandemanian Families

Many of the members of the London Church came from a small number of families, perhaps between 10-12 families. The Chater family were one of the key families with 10 individuals appearing in the membership records. See London Sandemanian Church membership list 1762 – 1868 for the full membership list.

Within the key Sandemanian families, some became church members and others attended the church without formally declaring their faith and so were not members. Many people married within the church, and this continued for up to 5 generations.

History of the Chater family

James Chater was born about 1694 and lived in London. He was a clock maker and was a member of one of the London Livery Companies. He was a nonconformist and was a member of Carey Street Independent Church (later New Court Congregational Church, Carey Street) in the Parish of St Giles, London. The church records include a letter to him reproving him for his drunkeness. His son Eliezer Chater had his birth recorded in their register in 1730, Hannah Chater's birth was recorded in 1733 and John Chater in 1734 . He was buried at Bunhill Fields, often used by religious dissenters.

He had three sons and several daughters and there are signs that they each followed in the nonconformist tradition.

Eliezer Chater (1730-1802) was a watchmaker in London. In 1765 he and his brother James Chater (abt.1732-1800) were a founder members of the London Annuity Society, set up by nonconformists to provide for their wives. He joined the Sandemanian Church in London in 1765.
His daughter Philedelphia (Chater) Lake married John Neal Lake an evangelical preacher.
His other daughter Elizabeth Chater married Rev Robert Stevenson a minister in the Congregational Church and moved to Castle Hedingham, Essex.
John Chater (born about 1730) was the son of james Chater. He grew up in a nonconformist family with his father getting the children baptised in a nonconformist church. He was accepted into membership at Carey Street Independent Church in 1752, aged 20.
He trained to be a non-conformist minister and on 2nd April 1752 was admitted to the list of ministers of the London Congregational Board. By 1766 he had become a Sandemanian and by 1766 had been removed from the list. He joined the Sandemanians meeting at Bull-and Mouth Street, St Martins Le Grand. [1] .
Sandemanians did not have paid ministers, and John Chater worked as a book seller and publisher, in partnership with Thomas Vernor. In 1766 he published a book by Samuel Pike and John Barnard, who were other founders of the London Sandemanian church. Simple Truth Vindicated, by Samuel Pike and John Barnard was published by T Vernor and J Chater in 1766
James Chater (1732-1800) was the third son, also a watchmaker. In 1765 he was one of the founder members of the London Annuity Society, with his brother Eliezer Chater (1730-1802). He married Philadelphia Sharp in 1756. He became a member of the Sandemanian Church in 1768 and she joined a month later. His children were
James Chater (abt.1759-1830) may have been a member of the Coverley Fields Independent Church, Mile End, Stepney, where many of his children were baptised,
Nathaniel Chater (abt.1759-1821) married Hannah (Leathley) Chater (abt.1760-abt.1844) who's parents were Sandemanians.
Richard Chater (abt.1760-abt.1811) married Charlotte (Giblin) Chater (abt.1761-abt.1833) who was also from a Sandemanian family.
Philadelphia Chater (abt.1763-)
Eliezer Chater (abt.1764-1835) became a Sandemanian member in 1783 and later became a Deacon and Elder in the church. He married Rachel (Vernor) Chater (1769-1812) in 1786 when he was 25. She had been brought up in a Sandemanian family, and her father was an elder of the London Church.
Joseph Chater (abt.1767-1838) became a member of the Sandemanians in 1833, although he had probably been attending the church for many years. In 1824 Michael Faraday described him as friend. He married Elizabeth (Cunningham) Chater (abt.1766-1846) in 1794 and she became a church member 2 years later. His children were
"Elizabeth (Chater) Boosey (1796-1860) who married Thomas Boosey (1795-1871), also a Sandemanian member
Joseph Chater (1797-1875) married his cousin Ellen Chater (1806-1889)
Eliezer Chater (1800-)
Nathaniel Chater (1801-1860)
Richard Chater (1803-1875)
Hannah Chater (1807-1820)
Hannah Chater was born in 1733 and married Richard Watts in 1762. He may be related to Dr Watts, the minister at Carey Street Independent Church.

Links with other Sandemanian Families

Barnard Family

Caroline Chater married Edward Barnard

Boosey Family

Elizabeth Chater married Thomas Boosey in 1816

Livermore Family

Eliezer Chater was a master Clockmaker and had Ezra Livermore as an apprentice from 1765. Ezra’s son Samuel Livermore was probably living at Token House Yard in 1811 because that was the place of birth for his daughter Sarah Livermore

Vernor Family

John Chater was in a business partnership with Thomas Vernor, published and selling books. In 1770 adverts for recently published books were running in newspapers under the name of Vernon and Chater [3]

They published "the religion of Antichrist" written by John Barnard in 1770 [4]

Eliezer Chater married Rachel Vernor in 1786

Chater family and London Livery Companies

In the 1796 List of the Livery of London, the following are listed

Chater Ebenezer, Clockmaker, Bartholomew Lane, (probably Eliezer Chater)
Chater Nathan, Glazier, St Dunstan's Hill Nathaniel Chater
Chater James, Vintner
Chater, Thomas, Farrier, Kent Street

Chater Family and business addresses

The family business were listed in various trade directories and can be linked to the various family members.

Various early directories and other sources

Encyclopedia of famous clock and watch makers

Chater James admitted Clockmaker Company C. 1727 James Chater
Chater James and Son 3 Cherry Tree Court 1754-1759 James Chater
Chater Eliezer and James 3 Cherry Tree Court 1760-1780 Eliezer Chater and James Chater
Chater Eliezer 10 Exchange Alley, Cornhill master, Clockmaker Company, 1772; livery 1776; 1778-1781 Eliezer Chater
Chater and Livermore 2 Exchange Alley, 1790; 10 Bartolomew Lane 1794; 30 Tokenhouse Yard 1800;1790-1804
Chater Richard 14 Cornhill, 1787-1810
Chater William 163 Goswell Street 1804-1842

1795 declaration[7]

E Chater 11 Cornhill
Eliezer Chater Watchmaker 10 Bartholomew Lane ( Ezra Livermore (abt.1750-1813) was also listed as Watchmaker, Bartholomew Lane)
Richard Chater Watchmaker corn hill
William Chater junior 12 St Martin's Lane

Exeter working papers in Book History

Chater, John, bookseller, 39, King Street, Cheapside 1768K-1771K. 40, King Street, Cheapside 1769P-1772N. Succeeded by Mary Chater.
Chater, Mary, bookseller, 40, King Street, Cheapside 1772L. Previously John Chater. [8]. John Chater

Police Gazette newspaper 1775

Dividends to be made Eliezer Chater and David Rivers, of Lombard Street, London, Bankers, Co Partners at Guildhall, London, of the separate estate and effects of David Rivers [9]

Marriage announcement 1777 William Chater watchmaker to Miss Allam Watchmaker both of New Bond Street William has not yet been identified. [10]

Old Bailey Proceedings Criminal trial 16th October 1782

Messrs. James and William Chater, Jewellers, Cornill where James Chater and his son Richard Chater worked[11]

The London Directory 1786

Chater James Grocer 174 Fenchurch Street, James Chater (abt.1758-1830)
Chater Nathaniel Linendraper 101 Cheapside
Chater Richard Clock and Watchmaker 14 Cornhill Richard Chater (abt.1760-abt.1811)

1791 The Universal British Directory (Part 2) : Exeter-Nobility Livery of London

Name, residence, Company, Profession

Chater El 26 ‘Change Alley Clockmaker, Watchmaker Eliezer Chater
Chater James 174 Fenchurch Street Vintners, Grocer James Chater
Chater Thomas White Bear Street, Kent Street Farriers
Chatter Thomas White Bear Street, Kent Street Farriers [13]

Kent's Directory 1793

Chater Richard, Clock and Watch maker 14 Cornhill, Richard Chater
Chater and Livermore Watch and clock-makers 10 Bartholomew L [14]

Kent's Directory 1794

Chater Richard, Clock & Watchmaker, 14, Cornhill Richard Chater
Chater & Livermore, Clock & Watchmaker, 10, Bartholomew la.

Grosvenor & Chater, Stationers, 11, Cornhill [15]

Kent's Directory 1803

Chater and Livermore, Clock and Watchmakers 30 Tokenhouse Yard. Ezra Livermore
Chater Rich. Clock and Watchmaker 14 Cornhill Richard Chater [16]

Post Office Directory 1808

Chater Richard Clock and Watch maker 14 Cornhill Richard Chater [17]

Kent's original London Directory 1823

Chater, Hayward and Chater, crown glass wareh, 10 Camomile St, this being Nathaniel Chater
Chater, Hayward and Chater, glass Manuf. 2 St Dunstan Hill, this being Nathaniel Chater and Samuel Hayward
Chater Nath. Jun lithographic repository 33 Fleet Street
Chater Jos. sec to brit copper comp. Up. Thames Street
Chater Wm. watch maker 134 Goswell Street [18].

Post Office London Directory (Small Edition), 1843

Chater and Hayward, glass lead, oil and color merchants 24 St Dunstans Hill, Tower Street
Chater Charles Bootmaker 5 Osbourne Street, Whitechapel
Chater Daniel Archer P H 20 Newton Street High Holborn
Chater Richard paper stainer and decorator, 6 Budge Row Cannon Street & 45 Tottenham Court Road, this being Richard Chater (1803-1875)
Chater Samuel Cheesemonger 9 Brewer St, Somers Town
Chater William Watchmaker 163 Goswell Street[19]

Post Office London Directory (Small Edition), 1852

Chater Ann and Maria (Misses) school, 57 Finchley New Road Ann Chater and Maria Chater
Chater Joseph and Son, plate, sheet crown and ornamental window glass, lead, oil and colour merchants 24 St Dunstans Hill City
Chater Charles Bootmaker 80 High Street Whitechapel
Chater George Who Stationer, see Grosvernor, Chater and Co [20]

Kelly's Post Office London Directory 1891

Chater George jun. Managing Director, Grosvenor Chater and Co Listed 68 Cannon Street EC
Chater Joseph and sons, plate sheet crown and ornamental window glass, lead, oil and colour merchants 24 St Dunstan's Hill EC and lead glaziers 9 Illiffe Street Yard, Crampton Street SE [21]

Links to other pages

The Sandemanian Church

An introduction to the Sandemanian Church includes an overview but also details of the categories used for the various families.
Research into the London Sandemanian Church and the questions I am seeking to answer
The arrival of Sandemanianism in London with details of the people involved and the impact on the nonconformist community

Histories of other Sandemanian Families

Barnard Family and the Sandemanian Church
Boosey Family and the Sandemanian Church
Deacon Family and the Sandemanian Church
Leighton Family and the Sandemanian Church
Peat Family and the Sandemanian Church
Rutt Family, London Nonconformists
Vincent Family and the Sandemanian Church
Young Family and the Sandemanian Church

Other pages with details of Sandemanians
Sandemanian Church London membership list
London Sandemanian marriages and other links between families
Sandemanians and the bookbinding, paper and publishing trades
Grosvenor Family Stationers business
Reid and Sons Silversmiths
London Nonconformist Glass Cutters, the Leathley, Chater and Hayward Families
Sandemanian Church, Old Buckenham, Norfolk
The letter from the London Sandemanian Church to the Edinburgh Church in 1855, including signatories to the letter

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