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City of Aberdeen, Scotland

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Aberdeen, Scotland

Today, the city of Aberdeen covers an area of 70 sq. miles (182 sq. km) and has a population of 227,560 people.

Timeline of Boundary and Name Changes

Located in the north eastern portion of Scotland, the burgh of Aberdeen was founded during the reign of David I (1124-53).[1]

In 1891, Aberdeen's boundaries expanded to include parts of Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire. It remained a burgh until 1889.

In 1900 Aberdeen became a county of a city. This lasted until 1975, when the city was transitioned to a new local government system.[2]

In 1974 the parishes of Peterculter, Dyce, Newhills and the Bridge of Don area of Old Machar parish were incorporated into the City of Aberdeen District.

In 1975 the city became part of the City of Aberdeen District within the Grampian Region. Like Dundee, Edinburgh, and Glasgow, the city districts had city status.[3] These were dissolved in 1996.

In 1996 it became Aberdeen City Council Area, under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994.[4]

History of Aberdeen, Scotland

The city we know today was established as two separate burghs; Old Aberdeen and New Aberdeen.[5] A charter was granted by William the Lion in 1179, confirming the corporate rights originally granted by David I.[6] Robert the Bruce issued the Great Charter, in 1319, establishing the growing burgh as a financially independent community.[7]

In 1308, Robert the Bruce laid siege to Aberdeen Castle and then destroyed it. In 1336, the city was burned to the ground by Edward III of England. When the city was rebuilt, it was fortified against further attacks. The gates to the city were removed by 1770.[8] In the early 18th century, social services were provided by the city. The Infirmary at Woolmanhill was operational by 1742, and the Lunatic Asylum, by 1779.[9]

In the 1800s, the city experienced some economic turmoil, but recovered with the introduction and growth of its shipbuilding and fishing industries. Gas street lighting was provided in 1824, while an underground sewer system was implemented in 1865. Aberdeen was incorporated as a city in 1891 and includes the former burghs of Old Aberdeen, Woodside, and Torry.[10]

During the Second World War, the city was attacked 32 times, by the German bombers. In the worst attack, occurring on 21 April 1943, 98 civillians and 27 servicemen were killed. The city suffered extensive damage during the single night of intensive bombing.[11]

Sources

  1. City of Aberdeen, Scotlands Places
  2. Wikipedia Article Modern Era, accessed 02 Dec 2019
  3. Wikipedia Article Structure, accessed 02 Dec 2019
  4. Wikipedia Article Politics of Aberdeen, accessed 02 Dec 2019
  5. Wikipedia Article History of Aberdeen, accessed 02 Dec 2019
  6. Wikipedia Article History of Aberdeen, accessed 02 Dec 2019
  7. Wikipedia Article History of Aberdeen, accessed 02 Dec 2019
  8. Wikipedia Article History of Aberdeen, accessed 02 Dec 2019
  9. Wikipedia Article History of Aberdeen, accessed 02 Dec 2019
  10. Wikipedia Article History of Aberdeen, accessed 02 Dec 2019
  11. Wikipedia Article History of Aberdeen, accessed 02 Dec 2019




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