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City of Newport, Rhode Island One Place Study

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Contents

Wikipedia

Wikipedia The city has a total area of 11.4 square miles (29.5 km2), of which 7.7 square miles (19.9 km2) is land and 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), or 32.64%, is water

Census

24,672 as of 2010

History

Settlement

Middletown

1743 - Middletown separates from Newport

Religion

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colony_of_Rhode_Island_and_Providence_Plantations "Rhode Island was the only New England colony without an established church"

https://newporthistory.org/about/newport-history/ "By the time they arrived in Newport, many of these settlers were becoming Baptists" "Among the religious groups attracted to this haven in a world of threatening intolerance were Quakers and Jews."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Newport,_Rhode_Island

  • 1643 - First Society of Friends established (approximate date)
  • 1656 - Second Baptist Church established
  • 1695 - First Congregational Church established.
  • 1699 - Great Friends Meeting House built.
  • 1726 - Trinity Church built.
  • 1730 Seventh Day Baptist Meeting House built
  • 1763 - Touro Synagogue built
  • 1805 - First Methodist Episcopal Church established.
  • 1834 - Zion Episcopal Church built.
  • 1846 First Baptist Church building built
  • 1847 Central Baptist Chursh established.
  • 1854 Sisters of Mercy convent built.
  • 1857 United Congregational Church built.
  • 1864 Shiloh Baptist Church organized.
  • 1880 Channing Memorial Church
  • 1882 Free Chapel of St. John the Evangelist
  • 1885 St. Joseph's Church established

Trade

https://newporthistory.org/about/newport-history/ "Trade and the export of rum, candles, fish, furniture, silver, and other goods were the main engines of economic growth during the 18th century, activities inexorably linked to Newport’s participation in the slave trade and widespread ownership of slaves by families throughout the city.

During this time the waterfront bustled with activity with over 150 separate wharves and hundreds of shops crowded along the harbor between Long Wharf and the southern end of the harbor. As Newport’s trade throughout the Atlantic basin grew, the city became an epicenter in the development of modern American capitalism."

Revolution

1765 Demonstration against impressment

https://newporthistory.org/about/newport-history/ "...the British occupied Newport from 1776 to 1779, and over half of the town’s population fled. The British remained in Newport despite efforts to drive them out by patriot forces in partnership with the French for the first time in the Revolution.

Eventually the British did withdraw and the French, under the leadership of Admiral deTiernay and General Rochambeau, began a sojourn in Newport that lasted until 1781 when they left Newport on their historic march with General Washington to Yorktown to assist in the decisive victory there."

Gilded Age

"Later summer colonists during the Gilded Age included elite familes from South Carolina, the King and Griswold families of New York, and later the Vanderbilts. These families and many more whose presence here helped transform Newport into the Queen of the Resorts, built the mansions for which Newport has become famous, employing architects Richard Morris Hunt, McKim Mead and White, Peabody and Stearns, and others. Several of these mansions have become major tourist attractions."

"Board a luxury white trolley for a 90-minute narrated tour of Newport's Colonial Downtown, Ocean Drive, and the Gilded Age Mansions along Bellevue Ave. Learn how America’s most affluent families created this enclave of the rich and famous. "

    • Enjoy an overview tour of Newport's rich history and current events
    • Marvel at the mansions from the Gilded Age along 10-Mile Drive
    • See over 150 points of interest, including Newport's scenic Ocean Drive, Mansion Row, and Colonial Downtown
    • Visit 16 of Newport's movie settings locations

Yachting

https://newporthistory.org/about/newport-history/ "The Yacht Club brought the famed America’s Cup to Newport in the 1930s where it stayed until lost to the Australians in 1983. "

Navy

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Newport,_Rhode_Island

  • 1869 U.S. Naval Torpedo Station established on Goat Island.
  • 1884 Naval War College established.
  • 1919 U.S. Navy sex scandal.
  • 1942 - Naval Academy Preparatory School relocates to Newport.
  • 1950 - Naval Justice School relocates to Newport.

https://newporthistory.org/about/newport-history/ "The US Navy has roots in Newport’s early colonial fleet, and has been a significant presence in Newport since the 1860s. Its major components were Naval War College and the Torpedo Station (now Naval Undersea Warfare Center) both of which were founded immediately after the Civil War.

The Navy presence on Aquidneck Island grew and eventually included the Naval Education Training Center and the North Atlantic Destroyer Squadron which had its home port at the Newport Naval base until the 1970s.

Despite the loss of the fleet, the Navy is still the largest employer in the area, bringing many industry and service businesses to the area as well."


Diversity

https://newporthistory.org/about/newport-history/ "In the late 19th and 20th centuries various groups such as the Irish, Greeks, Italians, Portuguese, Filipinos, Cambodians, and Hispanics joined groups such as Jews, African Americans, and Native Americans who had been in Newport for some time, enriching the ethnic diversity of the town.

African Americans from Virginia and other areas moved to Newport and joined a thriving community that continues to be a vital part of Newport’s history.

The Irish came to Newport in the 1820s, drawn here by the work available to them at Fort Adams. Despite laws from 1719 that discriminated against Catholics by denying them the right to become “freemen”, Catholics who immigrated to Aquidneck Island found a relatively tolerant haven from the virulent anti-Catholic and Irish sentiments in Boston and other towns at the time. Many of the Irish families who made Newport home during the early 19th century still live and prosper in Newport, maintaining close links with the land of their ancestors."

Festivals

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Newport,_Rhode_Island

  • 1954 Newport Jazz Festival begins.
  • 1959 Newport Folk Festival begins.
  • 1965 Folk singer Bob Dylan performs a controversial but influential electric folk-rock concert at the Newport Folk Festival.
  • 1969 Newport Folk Festival held for the final time before a 16-year hiatus.
  • 1972 - Newport Jazz Festival moves to New York City
  • 1981 - Newport Jazz Festival re-established at Fort Adams.
  • 1998 Newport International Film Festival begins.

National Register of Historic Places

"In 1965, the City of Newport passed an ordinance establishing the Newport Historic District (NHD) and the Newport Historic District Commission (HDC). Since that time, the Newport City Council has designated numerous areas within the city boundaries as local historic district zones."


Genealogy Resources

New England

Rhode Island

  • Census 1774 Rhode Island 1774 Rhode Island Census, town name, page census page, entry entry number -- head-of-household name; citing transcription by transcriber in Rhode Island Roots volume number p.page number, month year.

Newport

  • Newport County Courthouse 8 Washington Square Newport, RI 02840

Cemeteries

Religious Cemeteries

  • Saint Marys Cemetery Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #6
  • Friends Cemetery Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #8 457 internments as of 10/23/2020
  • Trinity Church Cemetery Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #10 277 internments as of 10/23/2020
  • Newport Congregational Church Cemetery Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #12 4 early ministers
  • Colonial Jewish Cemetery of Rhode Island Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #13, Touro Cemetery 47 internments as of 10/23/2020
  • Clifton Burying Ground Also known as Golden Hill Burial Ground, Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #14 left in 1675 to the Society of Friends. 241 internments as of 10/23/2020
  • Saint Josephs Cemetery Also known as Barney Street Cemetery, Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #19, Saint Marys Old Catholic Cemetery 30 internments as of 10/23/2020
  • First Sabbatarian Church of Newport Cemetery Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #22, Sabbatarian Church Cemetery 1 internment

Town or Government

  • Common Burying Ground Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #3 8391 internments as of 10/23/2020
  • North Burial Ground Also known as Old City Cemetery, Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #5 449 internments as of 10/23/2020
  • Fort Adams Cemetery Also known as Brenton Burial Ground, Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #17, Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #33 295 internments as of 10/23/2020
  • Coasters Harbor Cemetery Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #24, Small Pox Cemetery 50 internments
  • Moravian Church Lot Also known as G E Moravian Church Lot, Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #25 Moved to Common Burial ground
  • First Congregational Churchyard (Defunct) Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #31 REMOVED TO UNITED CONGREGATIONAL CHURCHYARD (NT012)
  • Goat Island Burial Ground Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #32 no longer exists
  • Governor Arnold Burying Ground Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #11 66 internments

Private cemetery

  • Island Cemetery Also known as Island Cemetery Annex, Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #1, Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #2 7321 internments as of 10/23/2020
  • Braman Cemetery Also known as Rhode Island Historical Cemetery Newport #4 865 internments as of 10/23/2020

Farm or family cemeteries

Maybe a dozen or so cemeteries.





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