Clan Carruthers

Privacy Level: Public (Green)
Date: 1320
Location: Dumfriesshire, Scotlandmap
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Scotland Project > Scottish Clans > Clan Carruthers


Welcome to Clan Carruthers

Clan Carruthers Team
Team Leader
Team Members
Clan Chief: Dr. Simon Peter Carruthers of Holmains
Crest: Seraphim Volant Proper
Chief’s Arms: Two gold (Or) chevrons engrailed between three gold (Or) fleur-de-lis on a red (Gules) shield
Motto: Promptus et Fidelis (Ready and Faithful)
Slogan/War Cry:
Language: Brythonic (Cumbic/Welsh) / Lallans
Region: Annandale, Dumfriesshire
Historic Seat: Mouswald
Plant badge: Gorse (Ulex europaeus)
Pipe music:
Gaelic name:
Clan Tartan: Carruthers Red, Register code STR 11700

Clan Team

Team Goals

The focus of this team's work is to identify, improve and maintain profiles associated with the Lairds and Chiefs of Clan Carruthers together with members bearing the name Carruthers, the related families and those recognised as septs of Clan Carruthers.

Team To Do List

This list will be developed by the Team. If you are working on a specific task, please list it here:

  • promoting the entries of those bearing the name Carruthers on Wikitree.
  • ensuring entries appearing on Wikitree are as accurate as possible, correcting mistakes once spotted.
  • encouraging interest in and study of Clan Carruthers



Carruthers has no septs.

Clan History

The origin of the surname Carruthers alludes to the ancient Brythonic fort called Caer Rydderch or Rythyr. Current evidence suggests that the Rydderch (pronounced Ruthers in the Cumbria dialect) who is mentioned in relation to the fort, was a local war leader. The fort sat on Birren Hill and was inhabited by members of the Selgovae tribe who were there before the end of the Roman occupation in 400BC. DNA analysis shows that the male line appears in the early 900's from Sweden.

The earliest recorded spelling of the surname Carruthers was William de Carruthers who made a donation to the Abbey of Newbattle in the reign of Alexander II of Scotland (1215-1245).

Another early recorded spelling was that of Simon de Karruthers, a churchman in the parish of Middlebie, dated circa 1272-1307.

In the 13th century, the chiefly family of Carruthers rose to become Hereditary Stewards of Annandale, a position of power and nobility in. Scotland at the time. This was granted under the Family of Bruce (wrongly termed Clan Bruce) and in 1320, the chiefly line of Carruthers under Thomas, acquired a charter of lands called Musfald (now called Mouswald) from King Robert the Bruce, for services rendered. The House of Mouswald was recognized as the chiefly line until 1548, when Sir Simon Carruthers, 10th of Mouswald, was killed in 1548 in a border raid.

The chiefship was then passed to the House of Holmains, descended from John, Kings Chancellor of Annandale, who was Thomas' 1st of Mouswald's younger brother. It was John Carruthers, 5th of Holmains who became chief. This continued until John, 12th of Holmains, died in 1809, having taken the family into financial disaster.

The Chiefship went into abeyance until 2019. The search for our rightful chief was initiated in 2007 by Dr. George Carruthers, FSA Scot from Fife, a clan armiger. In 2017, a senior member of Holmains was located, and after 20 more months of a rigorous process, the Lord Lyon made a decision. On 19 Aug 2019, Dr. Simon Peter Carruthers of Holmains was confirmed Chief of the Name and Arms of Carruthers.

For a more complete and detailed history, refer to the following websites:

Clan Branches

Other Names Associated with the Clan

Allied Clans

Rival Clans

Clan Research and Free Space Pages

Source Material

Image Credits and Acknowledgements

Images: 1
Carruthers tartan
Carruthers tartan

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