This Page Is A Work In Progress Please do not use this material as a source for profiles until it is complete and approved by the members of the Clan Crawford project.
Historical Overlord of Crawford
Thor (the Long) Longus is known to have lived between 1045 and 1120. Whether he is the progenitor of the Crawford line is a matter of debate, however, historical record shows he was the Overlord of Crawford.
According to George Robinson, author of A Genealogical Account of the Principle Families in Ayrshire..., Thor Longus had two sons
- Swane, as evidenced by several charters, of the lands of Swinton, held by the archives at Durham.
- William, as evidenced by a charter by William de Vetereponte, held by the archives at Durham. Nothing further is known of his life.
Barony of Crawford and Title 'of that Ilk'
Sweyn (Crawford) Thorsson (abt.1065-bef.1090) of Swinton, Berwickshire (c 1139-1189), son of Thorlongus, was the next to hold the baronial title. His son, Galfridus Swaneson was the first to use the name de Craufurd. Note: A daughter, Eve Swanesdottir, needs more research to confirm her details.
Galfridus Swaneson de Craufurd was the first known to use the name Craufurd. He is named Lord of the Barony of Crawford by King Alexander I. His exact date of birth is not known (estimate = about 1085). He had two sons: Hugh, who succeeded his father, is the ancestor of the Craufurds of that Ilk, and Reginald, who received the lands that would become Crawfordjohn from his father, when the estate was divided.
Hugh (Crawford) de Craufurd (abt.1095-), eldest son of Galfridus Swaneson de Craufurd, was the father of Galfridus Craufurd, who succeeded his father to the title.
Galfridus (Crawford) de Craufurd (abt.1130-abt.1202), eldest son of Hugh de Craufurd, succeeded his father to the title. He was the father of Reginald de Craufurd, who succeeded his father to the title.
Reginald (Crawford) de Crawford (abt.1160-), son of Galfridus de Craufurd. He married Margaret Loudoun, daughter of John Loudoun of that Ilk., was father of John de Craufurd, who succeeded his father to the title.
John (Crawford) de Crawford (-1248), son of Reginald de Craufurd, was the father of Reginald Craufurd, who succeeded his father to the title. NOTE: Clan Crawford claims this John died without male heir and that his estates were divided between his daughters. One married a Lindsay and the other married a Douglas. This needs further research.
Crawford of Crawfordjohn
Reginald Crawford, second son of Galfridus Swaneson de Craufurd. His exact birth date is not known (estimate = about 1100). He had two known sons with an unnamed wife:
- John Crawford
- Sir Gregan Crawford
Dominus Galfridus de Crawford (Crauford) held the title of Lord of the Barony of Crawford. There is little to know information about his life other than the name of two of his sons: Johannes and Reginald.
Sir Johannes (John) Crawford (Crauford) held the title of Lord of the Barony of Crawford until his death in 1248. With no male heir, the main portion of the Barony was transferred to William (possibly David) Lindsay, thus ending the title 'of that Ilk'. The remainder of the lands were transferred to Archibald Douglas who married Johannes' eldest daughter, Margaret.
- Reginald Craufurd (abt.1165-aft.1232) is a Scotland Project co-managed profile on WikiTree. He is the first to be documented as a Sheriff of Ayrshire. He married Margaret Loudoun. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Hugh.
Historical Crawfordjohn Line
Sir Reginald Crawford (Crauford) of Crawfordjohn (named for his younger son) is the younger son of Dominus Galfridus de Crawford (Crauford) There is evidence to suggest that he may have died while on Crusade. His arms are that of a templar cross on a white field, suggesting that he was a Templar Knight. His widow remarried a Fleming knight, named Baldwin of Bigger who was granted the lordship of Biggar and made Sheriff of that town.
John Crawford (Crauford) took possession of Crawfordjohn; the lands he had inherited from his father, upon his majority. This individual is the father (possibly a grandfather or great-grandfather) of Sir Reginald Crawford who married the daughter of James Lambinus of Loudoun.
Historical Craufords of Loudon, Hereditary Sheriffs of Ayr
Sir Reginald Crawford (Crauford) of Loudon, 1st Sheriff of Ayr.
Hugh Crawford (Crauford) of Loudon and Crosbie Clan Crawford Association indicates there is ho historical documentation that he was the 2nd Sherrif of Ayr.
Hugh Crawford (Crauford) of Loudon and Crosbie It is possible that he was the 3rd Sheriff of Ayr. He was the proponent of the strategy for Scottish victory at the Battle of Largs in 1263.
Sir Reginald Crawford (Crauford) of Loudon and Crosbie, 4th Sheriff of Ayr, was murdered in 1297 for protecting William Wallace, according to Blind Harry. His role as sheriff is well documented, having been named Sheriff of Ayr in 1296 by Edward I of England, when he was about 60 years old. His estate was split between two sons, Reginald inheriting Loudon and with Hugh inheriting the estate of Crosbie.
Sir Reginald Crawford (Crauford) of Loudon, was possibly the 5th Sheriff of Ayr, however there is no documentation to prove this. He was executed in 1307 at Carlisle for supporting Robert the Bruce and Scottish Independence. He was a first cousin of William Wallace, through his father's sister.
Crawfords of Auchenames, Recognized Chiefs of Clan Crawford
Reginald, 1st Laird of Auchenames was born about 1283 and is supposed to be listed in the Auchemanes Charter of 1320, however the document has not survived. He died about 1358.
Reginald, 2nd Laird of Auchenames. Little is known about his life.
Thomas, 3rd Laird of Auchenames married an unnamed Galbraith. He died in 1401.
Archibald, 4th Laird of Auchenames was born about 1389. He married Margaret Douglas about 1425.
Robert, 5th Laird of Auchenames married Marion Houston. He was born about 1464 and died at the Battle of Flodden on September 9, 1513
James, 6th Laird of Auchenames married Margaret Douglas
Thomas, 7th Laird of Auchenames was born about 1505. He married Marion Montgomery. He died about 1541
John, 8th Laird of Auchenames, son of James, 6th Laird of Auchenames, was killed at the Battle of Pinkie in 1547.
William, 9th Laird of Auchenames, son of James, 6th Laird of Auchenames, died without male children.
Patrick, 10th Laird of Auchenames, son of John, 8th Laird of Auchenames, was born about 1530.
William, 11th Laird of Auchenames was born about 1560. He married Margaret Houston about 1600.
Crawfords of Auchenames & Crosbie
Patrick, 12th Laird of Auchenames, grandson of Patrick, 10th Laird of Auchenames, was born about 1580. He married Jean Crawford, heiress of the estate of Crosbie, once again reuniting the ancient Crawford estates.
William Craufurd, 13th Laird of Auchenames was born about 1607. He married Anna Lamont. They had one son, Archibald and several daughters.
Archibald Craufurd, 14th Laird of Auchenames was born about 1640. He married Margaret Porterfield in 1670. He died about 1696. They had at least one daughter: Jane, who married Patrick Craufurd of Drumsoy.
William, 15th Laird of Auchenames died without a male heir sometime before 1695.
Crawfords of Auchenames & Drumsoy
Patrick Crawford of Drumsoy, 16th Laird of Auchenames, a descendant of Hugh Crauford of Loudon and Crosbie. He was the son of David Crawford of Drumsoy and an unnamed Gordon. He married Jane Craufurd, daughter of Archibald, 14th Laird of Auchenames.
Patrick, 17th Laird of Auchenames was a Member of Parliament. He married Elizabeth Middleton. he died January 1778 in Ardrossan.
John, 18th Laird of Auchenames was also a Member of Parliament. He died in 1814 without a male heir.
John Craufurd, 19th Laird of Auchenames, grandson of Patrick Crawford, 16th Laird of Auchenames. He married Sophia Churchill. He died in 1863.
Edward Henry John Craufurd, 20th Laird of Auchenames was born December 9, 1816. He married Frances Bart (some sources claim Molesworth). He he died August 29, 1881.
Hugh Ronald George Craufurd, 21st Laird of Auchenames was the last registered Clan Chief of the Crawfords. He is a descendant of the Auchinames lineage. He was the only son of Edward Henry John Crawford of Auchinames and Frances Bart. He sold the remaining Clan lands and moved to Calgary, Alberta, Canada between 1904 and 1909. He had no male heir at the time of his death.
Sir Robert James Craufurd (1937-present), 9th Baronet of Kilbirnie is acknowledged by the Clan Crawford Association as the senior representative of Clan Crawford with a documented genealogy from Crawfordjohn through Sir Reginald Craufurd, Lord of Loudoun and 1st Sheriff of Ayr; and ancestry following the Auchenames Line. He has no male heirs and is not recognized by the Court of Lord Lyon at this time.
Future Consideration for Senior Representatives
Much of information comes from the Clan Chiefs page of the Clan Crawford Association Website. While their list goes back as far as Leofwine of Mercia in West Central England, I have begun this list with Galfridus Swaneson de Crauford, the first one known to use a variant of the Crawford surname, and to whom the descendants of Clan Crawford can be traced.
Other information comes from the Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain.
- ↑ “The” Archaeological Journal, Volume 14 Description of Relationships
- ↑ Lawrie, Archibald Campbell; Charter Pg. 19; Glasgow, MacLehouse; 1905