Welcome to Clan Crichton
|Clan Crichton Team|
- Clan Chief:
- Slogan/War Cry:
- Historic Seat:
- Plant badge:
- Pipe music:
- Gaelic name:
The focus of this team's work is to identify, improve and maintain profiles associated with the Lairds and Chiefs of Clan Crichton together with members bearing the name Crichton, the related families and those recognised as septs of Clan Crichton.
Team To Do List
This list will be developed by the Team. If you are working on a specific task, please list it here:
- promoting the entries of those bearing the name Crichton on Wikitree.
- ensuring entries appearing on Wikitree are as accurate as possible, correcting mistakes once spotted.
- encouraging interest in and study of Clan Crichton
Other Names Associated with the Clan
Clan Research and Free Space Pages
Image Credits and Acknowledgements
Information below this line should be summarized and incorporated into this Team page. Detailed information should be moved to additional Clan pages.
Origins of the clan:
One of the earliest baronies around Edinburgh was formed from the lands of Kreitton and is mentioned in charters of the early 12th century. In 1128 Thurstan de Crechtune witnessed the foundation of Holyrood Abbey by David I of Scotland. Thurstan's son, Thomas de Crichton is listed on the Ragman Rolls of 1296, swearing fealty to Edward I of England. Thomas's three sons each extended the family's holdings. The second son, William, married Isobel de Ross who was the heiress to the barony of Sanquhar in Dumfriesshire.
In 1464 Sir Robert Crichton of Sanquhar was sheriff of the county of Dumfries. From 1468 to 1469 he was also Coroner of Nithsdale. In 1487 his eldest son, Robert Crichton, was created a peer with the title Lord Crichton of Sanquhar by James III of Scotland.
Another descendant of Thomas de Crichton was Sir William Crichton who in 1439 was appointed to the office of Chancellor of Scotland, during the minority of James II of Scotland. Crichton organised the infamous black dinner at Edinburgh Castle of which he was constable.] The Earl of Douglas and his brother were invited as guests of honour to a royal banquet at the castle, where King James was in residence. After the dinner the two Douglases were dragged from the boy king's presence and executed on Castle Hill. The Clan Douglas were never slow to take revenge and laid siege to the castle. However Crichton surrendered the castle to the king and a truce was declared. However the Douglases would go on to make an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Crichton. Crichton was later given the title Lord Crichton.
- Crest: A dragon spouting out fire, proper
- Motto: God send grace
- Region: Lowlands
- District: Lands of Kreitton around Edinburgh
- Plant badge:
- Pipe music:
- Gaelic name:
Lords Crichton of Sanquhar (1488)
- Robert Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (d. 1494)
- Robert Crichton, 2nd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (d. 1513)
- Robert Crichton, 3rd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (?)
- Robert Crichton, 4th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (d. 1536)
- William Crichton, 5th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (d. 1550)
- Robert Crichton, 6th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (d. 1561)
- Edward Crichton, 7th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (d. 1569)
- Robert Crichton, 8th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (d. 1612)
- William Crichton, 9th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (1578–1643) (became Viscount of Ayr and Lord Sanquhar in 1622 and Earl of Dumfries and Lord Critchton of Cumnock in 1633)
Earls of Dumfries (1633)
- William Crichton, 1st Earl of Dumfries (1578–1643)
- William Crichton, 2nd Earl of Dumfries (1598–1691)
- William Crichton, 3rd Earl of Dumfries (d. 1694)
- Penelope Crichton, 4th Countess of Dumfries (d. 1742)
- William Dalrymple-Crichton, 5th Earl of Dumfries, 4th Earl of Stair (1699–1769)
- Patrick McDouall, 6th Earl of Dumfries (1726–1803)
- John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess of Bute (1793–1848)
- John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute (1847–1900)
- John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute (1881–1947)
- John Crichton-Stuart, 5th Marquess of Bute (1907–1956)
- John Crichton-Stuart, 6th Marquess of Bute (1933–1993)
- John Colum Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of Bute (b. 1958)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son John Bryson Crichton-Stuart, Earl of Dumfries (b. 1989).
- Crichtons of Frendraught
Names associated with the clan:
- Clan Sempill
- Clan Douglas
16th century castle in hilly pasture, with Collegiate church to the East romantically positioned on a knoll in north-facing valley Regarding Crichton Castle in Scotland:
"A large and interesting building, Crichton Castle consists of ruinous ranges of buildings from the 14th to 16th centuries, enclosing a small courtyard. The castle was a property of the Crichtons, and the present ruins were probably first built about 1370. Sir William Crichton (Willian de Kreitton), Chancellor of Scotland, entertained the young Earl of Douglas and his brother before having them murdered in 1440 at the 'Black Dinner' in Edinburgh Castle. John Forrester slighted the castle in retaliation. The Crichtons were forfeited for treason in 1488, and the property later passed to Patrick Hepburn, Lord Hailes, who was made Earl of Bothwell. Crichton passed through the hands of many families, was abandoned, and became a romantic ruin. It was put into the care of the State in 1926. "
Crichton Castle Pathhead, Midlothian 2.5m south-west of Pathhead off the A68
|Clan Name||Crest Badge|| Crichton of
that Ilk Arms
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