Welcome to Clan Rattray
|Clan Rattray Team|
- Clan Chief:
- Motto: Super sidera votum (My wishes are above the stars)
- Slogan/War Cry:
- Historic Seat: Rattray Castle
- Plant badge:
- Pipe music:
- Gaelic name: Raitearach
The focus of this team's work is to identify, improve and maintain profiles associated with the Lairds and Chiefs of Clan Rattray together with members bearing the name Rattray, the related families and those recognised as septs of Clan Rattray.
Team To Do List
This list will be developed by the Team. If you are working on a specific task, please list it here:
- promoting the entries of those bearing the name Rattray on Wikitree.
- ensuring entries appearing on Wikitree are as accurate as possible, correcting mistakes once spotted.
- encouraging interest in and study of Clan Rattray.
Rannagulzion, Dalrulzion, Brewlands, Persie and Beatts.
Sometimes considered a Sept of Clan Murray.
Origins of the Clan
The name Rattray is taken from the barony of Rattray in Perthshire. This barony has been in their possession since the eleventh century. The Rattray estate includes the ruins of a pict rath-tref or fort dwelling. It stands on a sandy mound which is associated by local tradition with Pagan rites.
The first recorded Laird of Rattray was Alan who witnessed charters by William the Lion and Alexander II of Scotland.
Wars of Scottish Independence
During the Wars of Scottish Independence, Alan's grandson, Eustace Rattray, was captured at the Battle of Dunbar (1296) and taken to England as a prisoner. Eustace's son was Adam Rattray who swore fealty to Edward I of England, appearing on the Ragman Rolls of 1296. Adam was succeeded by his son, Alexander Rattray, who was amongst the barons who sat in the Parliament at Ayr to determine the succession to the throne in 1315. Alexander was succeeded by his brother, Eustace, the sixth Laird of Rattray, who was accused of being involved in a plot to depose Robert the Bruce, but he was later acquitted.
15th and 16th centuries
In 1463 Sir Silvester Rattray of Rattray was an ambassador to England and inherited from his mother large estates around Fortingall in Atholl. This caused the powerful Stewart Earl of Atholl to be jealous. Silvester Rattray was succeeded by his son, John, who had been knighted in 1488 by James IV of Scotland. His eldest son died serving in the Netherlands as a professional soldier but he left another two sons and two daughters. The eldest of the two daughters was Grizel, who had married John Stewart, Earl of Atholl, and the earl promptly claimed half of the barony of Rattray in her right The Earl also induced his wife's sister, Elizabeth, to try and obtain her share of the Rattray barony. Sir John Rattray's second son, Patrick Rattray, was driven from Rattray Castle in 1516 by the Earl of Atholl and was forced to take refuge in Nether Kinballoch where he built a new house at Craighall. However the Stewart Earl of Atholl murdered him in 1533.
The third son of Sir John Rattray was another Silvester Rattray who succeeded his murdered brother. Due to the Earl of Atholl's continuing threats, he petitioned to the king for dispensation to be legally recognised in the courts in Dundee instead of Perth where the Earl of Atholl had great influence and Silvester considered the visit too dangerous.
Silvester Rattray was succeeded by his son, David Rattray of Craighall, who had three sons. The second son was another Silvester Rattray who was Reverend of Persie and became the first minister of Rattray after the Scottish Reformation. The eldest son, George, was murdered in 1592 and Silvester, the younger son, succeeded to the title.
17th century and Civil War
Silvester Rattray was tutored by his uncle, the Reverend John Rattray, and allied himself to the powerful Earls of Erroll, chiefs of Clan Hay. He died in 1612, leaving three sons. The eldest son was David Rattray, who fought for Charles I of England during the Scottish Civil War and, as a result, his seat at Craighall endured a short siege. The youngest son was John Rattray, who was captured at the Battle of Worcester in 1651 after the defeat of Charles II of England, and Rattray was imprisoned in the Tower of London.
The Rattrays sought to consolidate their lands and, in 1648, Patrick Rattray obtained a new charter to their lands under the great seal which united the barony of Kinballoch with Rattray and their other associated parishes into the one free barony of Craighall-Rattray. In 1682, the new barony passed to Patrick's eldest son and also laid claim to the Rattray lands that had been sized by the Stewart Earl of Atholl in the 16th century.
James Rattray of Rannagulzion and Corb fought at the Battle of Killiecrankie in 1689. Referred to as James, son of David Rattray of Rannagullane.
18th century and Jacobite risings
Patrick Rattray's only son, Thomas Rattray, entered the Church and rose to be the Bishop of Brechin (then of Dunkeld) and became Primus of Scotland in 1739. Thomas was a Jacobite and his second son, John Rattray, was the physician to the Jacobite leader, Charles Edward Stuart, following him throughout the Jacobite rising of 1745. He was captured after the Battle of Culloden but, upon the intervention of Duncan Forbes, Lord Culloden, he was reprieved. The bishop's eldest son, James Rattray, sheltered Jacobite fugitives at Craighall.
James Rattray of Rannagulzion was commissioned as a major of foot in the Atholl brigade in the 1745 rising. See commission into Prince Charles's army as a Major of foot in Tullibardines regiment National Library of Scotland. Served in the Ogilvie regiment.
19th century and the British Empire
Col. Thomas Rattray, C.S.I., C.B., B.S.C. (a Rattray of Rannagulzion) commanded the Governor-General's bodyguard cavalry and is well known for having raised a new police battalion, known as the Bengal Military Police Battalion, at Lahore on 15 April 1856, which distinguished itself throughout the Indian Mutiny. This famous battalion, which was regularised as an infantry unit in the British Indian Army as the 45th Rattray's Sikhs in the 1860s, later became the 3rd Battalion 11th Sikh Regiment in 1922 and then the 3rd battalion the Sikh Regiment (Rattray's) in the modern Indian army.
The twenty-second and twenty-third Lairds of Rattray died without heirs and the estate then passed to a cousin, the Honourable James Clerk Rattray, sheriff deputy of Edinburgh. James Clerk Rattray, the twenty-sixth Laird was a distinguished soldier who rose to the rank of general and who in 1897 was created a Knight of the Bath. He served during the Crimean War and during the Indian Mutiny of 1857.
Other Names Associated with the Clan
Ratray, Ratre, Ratteray, Ratteree, Ratterree, Rattray, Retrey, Rettra, Rettray, Rotray.
Clan Hay, Clan Stewart (17th and 18th centuries)
Clan Stewart (16th century)
Clan Research and Free Space Pages
Image Credits and Acknowledgements
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