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Col. Ebenezer Learned's Regiment

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Date: 1774 to 31 Dec 1775
Location: Worcester County, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
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This page attempts to detail the regiment commanded by Col. Ebenezer Learned from its' form at the time of the Alarm of April 19th, 1775 through the rest of the year when it was disbanded. The page is subdivided into sections bounded by name changes or reorganizations.

Contents

Page Status

  • So far focused on the first section, the response to the Lexington alarm. More work than anticipated!
  • The other sections are divided somewhat arbitrarily. More research needed to finalize what makes sense. So far my thinking is any substantial reorganization where there is adequate sourcing available.
  • Help welcome! Let me know so I don't overwrite your edits.

Massachusetts Militia

In 1774 Massachusetts Provincial Congress recommended, to the militia, to form themselves into companies of minute-men, ... to consist of one quarter of the whole militia...divide into companies, consisting of at least fifty men each...the minute-men became a body distinct from the rest of the militia [1]

Early in April, 1775, a committee of the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts met in Cambridge and resolved that their dangerous and alarming situation required them to raise an army. [2]

Col. Ebenezer Learned was the recognized leader of a regiment of Militia in Oxford, Worcester County, with soldiers responding to the alarm of April 19th, 1775 from surrounding towns. [3] [4] [5] [6]

The soldiers who marched on the alarm of April 19th under Learned command were:

Field Officers

Minuteman companies

Capt. Arthur Dagget

Sutton Minuteman co., 1 Capt., 2 Lts., 4 Sgts., Cpls., 32 Privates. [5][7][10][11][4]

Capt. John Putnam

Sutton Minuteman co., 1 Capt., 2 Lts., 4 Sgts., 4 Cpls., 39 Privates. Apparently stayed home for the rest of 1775. [5][11][13]

Capt. Samuel Curtis

Charlton Minuteman company, 1 Capt., 2 Lts., 4 Sgts., 3 Cpls., 31 Privates. Regiment not specified as Learned's in CSONE[5] or Gardner[3], but is in USRWR. [14]

Capt. Nathaniel Healy

Dudley Minuteman co., Col. Ebenezer Learned's regiment, 1 Capt., 1 Lt., 1 Ens., 4 Sgts., 4 Cpls., 1 Drum/Fife, 27 Privates.[5] "Lexington Alarm Roll" index card says "Co. of Minute-men"

Capt. Andrew Eliot

Sutton co., 1 Capt. 2 Lts., 4 Sgts., 4 Cpls., 1 Drum/Fife, 34 Privates.[5] "Lexington Alarm Roll" index card says "of minute-men" [11] Apparently stayed home for the rest of 1775.

regular militia companies

Lt. Daniel Bucknam Jr. Artillery Detachment

Regular militia unit, Sutton, artillary, 1 Capt., 1 Lt., 1 Sgt., 8 Privates.[5] Company not listed by Gardner. [11] Being aged, this marked the end of Daniel's miltary career.

Capt. James Greenwood

Sutton regular milita co., 1 Capt., 2 Lts., 3 Sgts., 5 Cpls., 1 Drum/Fife, 21 Privates.[5] [11] His response to the alarm marked the end of James military career.

Capt. John Sibley

Sutton co., 1 Capt., 1 Lt., 2 Sgts., 1 Cpl., 7 Privates. [5][11] After serving under Col. Learned during the initial response, served in an artillery co. under Col. Richard Gridley.[11]

Capt. Ebenezer Crafts

Sturbridge troop of horse, 1 Capt., 1 Cornet., 1 Ens., 1 Quartermaster, 2 Cpls., 2 Drum/Fife, 38 Privates. Marched April 21s. [5][11] Research needed: apparently became a Deputy Commissary?

Capt. John Crowle

Worcester co., Col. Ebenezer Learned's regiment, 1 Capt. 2 Lts., 4 Sgts., 4 Cpls., 15 Privates. [5][11]

  • Lt. Samuel Learned (Learned-17 ?) , Worcester, New Parish.[5][3]
  • Lt. Andrew Crowle [3] Worcester, New Parish.[5]

Capt. Jacob Davis

Charlton co., Col. Ebenezer Learned's regiment. [5][11] Apparently stayed home for the rest of 1775. Eventually served in the 5th Worcester Regiment Militia

Capt. John Town

Oxford co., 1 Capt., 2 Lts., 2 Sgts., 1 Cpl. 1 Privates.[5] TODO: regiment not specified.

Research Needed

Capt. Samuel Sibley regiment not specified, but from Sutton

Sutton co., 1 Capt., 1 Lt., 1 Sgt., 2 Cpls., 30 Privates.[5] More research needed. [9]

Learned's Regiment, later named the Massachusetts 14th

  • 1775-04-23 ? 4th Massachusetts Regiment authorized in the Massachusetts State Troops as Learned’s Regiment. [15]
  • 1775-04-27..1775-08-01 muster roll: Pvt. Abner Witt, Capt. Peter Harwood's co[6]
  • 1775-05-01..1775-08-01 muster roll: Drummer Nathaniel Corbin, Capt. Sam'l Curtis[6]
  • 1775-05-03..1775-08-01 muster roll: Pvt. Nathan Whitney Capt. Joel Green[6]
  • 1775-05-06..1775-08-01 muster roll: Pvt. John Lamb, Capt. Joel Green[6]
  • 1775-05-09 list of officers in camp at Roxbury[6]
  • 1775-05-10 Second Continental Congress meets: The Second Continental Congress established the militia as the Continental Army to represent the thirteen states. They also elected George Washington as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army. [16]
  • 1775-05-19..1775-12 Col. regt, Lt. Col. Danforth Keyes, Maj. Jos. Vose (..1775-07-01), Maj. Jonathan Holman. Note: 27 "battalions" (regt's really) named after their leaders, e.g. D. Brewer, J Brewer,Bridge's, Cotton's, Danielson's, Doolittle's, Fellow's, Frye's...[6]
  • 1775-05-19 Roxbury; A return of officers in camp with #men per company and total.[3]
  • 1775-05-19 Cambridge; Committee of safety recommends to Congress that regiment be commissioned.[3]
  • 1775-05-23 Resolved by Provincial Congress commissions be given officers.[3]
  • 1775-05-23..1775-08-01 muster roll: Pvt. Shadrack (Spencer), Capt. Joel Green[6]
  • 1775-06-11 A return for rations[6]
  • 1775-06-14 ? 4th Massachusetts Regiment Adopted into the Continental Army and assigned to the Main Continental Army. It was assigned on July 22, 1775 to Spencer’s Brigade, an element of the Main Continental Army. [17]
  • 1775-06-14 Massachusetts Provincial Congress appeals to Continental Congress to adopt New England army, which it does, marking official start of the United States Army [18]
  • 1775-06-14 The forces adopted by the Continental Congress amounted to 39 regiments of infantry, and 1 regiment and 1 separate company of artillery. [19]
  • 1775-06-16 Continental Congress appoints George Washington commander of Continental Army [20]
  • 1775(-06?) The (Colonial) Army divided into 3 Divisions of 2 Brigades each under George Washington, Commander in chief. Learned assigned to 2nd briage, commanded by Gen. Spencer, in 1st division or right wing under Maj. Gen. Ward., stationed in Roxbury.A[6]
  • 1775-06-16 Strength of regiment: 557[3]
  • 1775-06-17 A return for provisions [6]
  • 1775-06-17 Battle of Bunker Hill [21]

Field Officers

[11] [3]

Capt. John Granger

[3]

Capt. Samuel Billings

[3]

Capt. Peter Harwood

[3]

Capt. Adam Martin

[3]

Capt. William Campbell

[3]

    • Privates: David Deany/Dana Towne

Capt. Samuel Curtis

[3]

Capt. Isaac Bolster

[3]

Capt. Arthur Dagget

[3] [7] Sgt: Sgt. Willis Hall (served until end of 1775, then enlisted in Jonathan Carriel's co., Col. Josiah Whitney for 1776.

Capt. Joel Greene

[3] Absent or recruiting on May 19th return.

Capt. Nathaniel Healey

[11]

4th Regiment, Continental Army under Gen. Spencer

  • 1775-07 Colonial Army organized, Learned's regiment becomes the 4th Regiment [3]
  • 1775-07 Strength of regiment: 585[3]
  • 1775-07-22 general order, dated HQ Cambridge, Col. Learned's regt assigned to Brig. commanded by Gen. Spencer and under right wing of army under Maj. Gen. Ward and stationed in Roxbury.[6]
  • 1775-08-01 muster roll: Capt. Adam Martin [6]
  • 1775-08-01 muster roll: Capt. Arthur Dagget [6]
  • 1775-08-01 muster roll: Capt. Isaac Bolster [6]
  • 1775-08-01 muster roll: Capt. Joel Green [6]
  • 1775-08-01 muster roll: Capt. John Granger [6]
  • 1775-08-01 muster roll: Capt. Peter Harwood [6]
  • 1775-08-01 muster roll: Capt. Samuel Billings [6]
  • 1775-08-01 muster roll: Capt. Samuel Curtis [6]
  • 1775-08-01 muster roll: Capt. William Campbell [6]

Field Officers

[11]

Capt. Arthur Dagget

4th Regiment, Continental Army under Gen. Thomas

  • 1775-08-09 4th Massachusetts Regiment Reassigned from Spencer’s Brigade and assigned to Thomas’ Brigade, an element of the Main Army. [22]
  • 1775-08-09 ordered to join Gen. Thomas' Brigade [3]
  • 1775-08-18 Strength of regiment: 556[3]
  • 1775-08-23 Capt. Arthur Daggett dies of "camp disease"
  • 1775-09-02 A general return, HQ Cambridge: Col. (3rd?) 38 regiments total [6]
  • 1775-09-23 Strength of regiment: 573[3]
  • 1775-09-30 appeared on a list returned or regiments, his stationed in Roxbury [6]
  • 1775-10-07 A company return: Capt. William Campbell's co, at Roxbury Camp [6]
  • 1775-10-07 A return: Pvt. Abner Witt (Brookfield), Capt. Peter Harwood, [6]
  • 1775-10-07 A return: Pvt. Jonathan Weld (Charlton), Cpt. William Campbell's co at Roxbury Camp [6]
  • 1775-10-17 Strength of regiment: 552[3]
  • 1775-10-26 A return for coats, Roxbury Camp [6]
  • 1775-11-02 order for Bounty Coat: Nathaniel Corbin (Dudley), Capt. Samuel Curtis at Roxbury [6]
  • 1775-11-18 Strength of regiment: 547[3]
  • 1775-11-25 A general return: 4th regt. of 39, HQ Cambridge [6]
  • 1775-12-06..1776-03-18 Capt. Samuel Ellis, dated Sturbridge [6]
  • 1775-12-13 Nathan Whitney, Capt. Joel Green, dated Roxbury [6]
  • 1775-12-30 Strength of regiment: 459[3]
  • 1775-Spring 4th Massachusetts Regiment Organized at Roxbury to consist of 10 companies from southwestern Worcester County. [23] [24]
  • 1776-01-01/2 disbandment

Field Officers

[11]

Capt. Arthur Dagget

Capt. Daggett dies of camp disease, Aug. 23.

Capt. Nathaniel Healy

  • Fifer: Stephen Healey[10]
  • Privates: Amos Commings[10], Elijah Convers[10], Edmund Eddy (Charlton)[10], David Goodell[10], John Gore[10], David Haskell[10], James Haskell[10], Samuel Hebberd[10] James Jonson[10], Amasa Marshall[10], Asa McIntire[10], Caleb McIntire (Charlton)[10], Aaron Wakefield[10], Amos Wakefield[10]

Sources

Of course, sources particular to individuals appear in their profiles (if linked). When a ref tag is used in a list item, it references the source in the profile immediately preceding it and confirms the soldier in the position referenced.

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Militia#Pre-American_Revolutionary_War_era_(1763%E2%80%931775)
  2. https://www.newenglandhistoricalsociety.com/april-8-1775-provincial-congress-massachusetts-resolves-raise-army-tell-colonies/
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 3.32 3.33 3.34 3.35 3.36 3.37 3.38 3.39 3.40 3.41 3.42 3.43 3.44 3.45 3.46 Colonel Ebenezer Learned's Regiment
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 History of the Town of Sutton, Massachusetts
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 5.34 Colonial Soldiers and Officers in New England, 1620-1775
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 "Massachusetts, Revolutionary War, Index Cards to Muster Rolls, 1775-1783" attached to [https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/KL4Y-G2J Col. Ebenezer Learned on familysearch.org]
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 DAR
  8. Jonathan Holman, a revolutionary colonel. A paper read before the Worcester society of antiquity, December 5th, 1893
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Centennial History of the Town of Millbury, Massachusetts
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 10.17 10.18 10.19 10.20 10.21 10.22 10.23 10.24 10.25 10.26 10.27 10.28 10.29 10.30 10.31 10.32 10.33 10.34 10.35 10.36 10.37 10.38 10.39 10.40 10.41 10.42 10.43 10.44 10.45 10.46 10.47 10.48 10.49 10.50 10.51 10.52 10.53 10.54 10.55 10.56 10.57 10.58 10.59 10.60 10.61 10.62 10.63 10.64 Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War
  11. 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 11.16 11.17 11.18 11.19 11.20 11.21 11.22 11.23 11.24 11.25 11.26 11.27 11.28 11.29 11.30 11.31 11.32 11.33 11.34 11.35 11.36 11.37 11.38 11.39 11.40 11.41 11.42 11.43 11.44 11.45 11.46 11.47 11.48 11.49 11.50 11.51 11.52 11.53 Massachusetts, Revolutionary War, Index Cards to Muster Rolls, 1775-1783
  12. United States Rosters of Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors, 1775-1783
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 A History of the Putnam Family in England and America
  14. United States Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783
  15. https://revolutionarywar.us/continental-army/massachusetts/
  16. https://revolutionarywar.us/timeline-major-events/
  17. https://revolutionarywar.us/continental-army/massachusetts/
  18. https://revolutionarywar.us/timeline-major-events/
  19. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Continental_Army_units_(1775)
  20. https://revolutionarywar.us/timeline-major-events/
  21. https://revolutionarywar.us/timeline-major-events/
  22. https://revolutionarywar.us/continental-army/massachusetts/
  23. https://revolutionarywar.us/continental-army/massachusetts/
  24. https://revolutionarywar.us/continental-army/massachusetts/
  • The DAR source linked in the soldiers profile when it exists and confirms the soldier in the position referenced, e.g. DAR service includes "Learned"
  • "Massachusetts, Revolutionary War, Index Cards to Muster Rolls, 1775-1783," database with images, FamilySearch citing Military Service, Massachusetts Bay, British Colonial America, Massachusetts State Archives, Boston; FHL microfilm 2,056,796.
  • "United States Rosters of Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors, 1775-1783," database with images, FamilySearch; citing Military Service, United States, Citing various published state rosters
  • "United States Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783," database with images, FamilySearch; citing Massachusetts, United States, citing NARA microfilm publication M246. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1980. FHL microfilm 830,320.
  • Crane, John C. (John Calvin), b. 1837; Jonathan Holman, a revolutionary colonel. A paper read before the Worcester society of antiquity, December 5th, 1893; archive.org
  • Gardner, Frank A. M.D.; Colonel Ebenezer Learned's Regiment; p. 73-101


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