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Confederation of the Rhine

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Confederation of the Rhine

The Confederation of the Rhine (German: Rheinbund; French: États confédérés du Rhin, officially "Confederated States of the Rhine", but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire. It was formed initially from 16 German states by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia in the Battle of Austerlitz. The Treaty of Pressburg, in effect, led to the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine. It lasted from 1806 to 1813.

The members of the confederation were German princes (Fürsten) from the Holy Roman Empire. They were later joined by 19 others, all together ruling a total of over 15 million subjects providing a significant strategic advantage to the French Empire on its eastern front. Prussia and Austria were not members.

Napoleon sought to consolidate the modernizing achievements of the revolution, but he wanted the soldiers and supplies these subject states could provide for his wars. The most important accomplishments include the introduction of the Napoleon code, the establishment of religious toleration (especially for Jews), and the abolition of feudal rights. It used a constitution written along French lines. Napoleon required it to supply 63,000 troops to his army. The success of the Confederation depended on Napoleon's success in battle; it collapsed when he lost the battle of Leipzig in 1813.

Member monarchies

Grand Duchy of Baden
Kingdom of Bavaria
Grand Duchy of Berg
Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt
Principality of Regensburg
Kingdom of Saxony
Kingdom of Westphalia
Kingdom of Württemberg
Grand Duchy of Würzburg
Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg
Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau
Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen
Duchy of Arenberg
Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Principality of Isenburg-Birstein
Principality of Leyen
Principality of Liechtenstein
Principality of Lippe-Detmold
Duchy of Diedrichshagen (Rüting), Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Duchy of Nassau
Grand Duchy of Oldenburg
Principality of Reuss-Ebersdorf
Principality of Reuss-Greiz
Principality of Reuss-Lobenstein
Principality of Reuss-Schleiz
Principality of Salm
Duchy of Saxe-Coburg
Duchy of Saxe-Gotha
Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
Duchy of Saxe-Weimar
Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe
Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Principality of Waldeck

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