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Coulsdon Parish, Surrey

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Cuðrædsdun (Saxon period - Hill of Cuthred), Colesdone (x cent. - Doomsday Book); Culesdon (xiii cent.); Cowlesdon (xvi cent.) was a Parish in Surrey, originally in the Hundred of Wallington, 6 miles south of Croydon and 16 miles by road from London. The town is now part of Greater London.

For a map of Coulsdon, which will show the Manors discussed below, see Surrey, 1874 Survey Coulsdon.

Contents

Manors

====Coulsdon====The principal estate of the Parish and is mentioned in the Doomsday Book (Colesdone) when it was held by the Abbey of St. Peter at Chertsey. The manor was held of the king in chief by the service of half a knight's fee. The manor continued to be held by the abbey, although the estates increased in size, until its dissolution in 1537 when the estates were conveyed to the King. In the same year the king granted it in tailmale to Sir Nicholas Carew, but in 1539, by reason of the attainder of Sir Nicholas, it returned to the king and in 1540 was annexed to the honour of Hampton Court. Following this period the estates divided at various periods. For details see the source.

Whattingdon

Whatindone, viii cent.; Watendone, xi cent.; Wodinton, xiii cent.. Among the lands said to have been granted by Frithwald, subregulus (sub-king) of Surrey, and Bishop Erkenwald to Chertsey Abbey in the 7th century, and confirmed by King Edgar. At the time of the Domesday Survey it was held by the abbey of Chertsey. After the dissolution of Chertsey Abbey the lands were annexed to the honour of Hampton Court. In 1545 Henry VIII granted two messuages in Whattingdon, called Welcombes and Lawrences, to Sir John Gresham, kt., who devised them by will in 1554 to his wife Catherine for life, with remainder to his son William.

Tauntons

Tanton, xvi cent. In 1234 Margaret, daughter of William, granted to the hospital of St. Thomas the Martyr of Acre in Coulsdon. It remained with the Order until 1367 when Thomas Purley granted to Thomas de Sallowe, then Master of the House of St. Thomas of Acre, lands, rents and tenements in Coulsdon to be held of the Abbot of Chertsey. In 1558 Thomas Reve was seised of the manor, and two years later John Tomson and Dorothy his wife quitclaimed it to Geoffrey Lambert and Richard Lambert his son and heir.

Holegh or Hooley House

Appears early in the 13th century as a hide of land granted to Roger de Holegh by Elwin son of John. In 1258 Thomas de Holegh quitclaimed 1 carucate of land to Robert de Walton and Beatrice his wife. Robert de Waleton (Walton) died in 1292 with Holegh, divided with 100a and 10a woodland held to the "abbot of Certese", 20a land held to Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford and 40a held of Fulk de Archek; Robert de Waleton, then aged 40, was declared his heir.[1] At c. 1300 the estate is divided. The northern part, called Holegh, or later Hooley House, was, in 1323 in the hands of Peter de Purley and his wife Julyan who had a licence for a chapel in Holegh. At the beginning of the 15th century the estate was again joined and was held by the family of Wood and afterwards came into the possession of Thomas Byron, in whose family it continued until early in the 19th century.

The southern part, called Wood Place, was held by a Roger de Wood. His son, John de Wood, died seised of the messuage and land in 1312. John had been declared incompetent (due to "idiocy") and the lands reverted to the King. At the Inquisition of John de Wood he was found to have held no estates in chief. His sister Lucy was his heir. In 1357 Peter Atte Wood had licence for an oratory in his house at Coulsdon. In 1403 Hugh Quecche died seised by right of his wife Elizabeth, leaving a daughter and heir Joan; he held it of the Abbot of Chertsey. In the beginning of the 17th century it had passed into the Lambert family and so continued until 1685, when Alexander Lambert died seised, leaving seven sisters, among whom it was divided.

Church

The Parish church was the church of St. John the Evangelist, Coulsdon. The modern church occupying the site of one from 1086.

Of Genealogical Interest

At the western end is a modern lych-gate, leading to the west doorway, in front of which are three old ledgers of dark slate with heraldic panels, bearing dates 1760, 1768 and 1773, and inscriptions to the family of Bangham. There are also three ancient coffin slabs of the 13th and 14th centuries, one having a floreated cross in the head, and some fine headstones dated 1757 and 1763.

On the south wall of the tower is a small brass inscription as follows: 'Anthonie Bois the sonne of Thomas Bois A man of Armes in Calais & Captaine of Dele Castelle & of Malin daughter of Nicolas Leigh of Addigton, Esq: .....lived Parson of this church 22 yeares & died the 4 day of Avgvst in the yeare of ovr Lord 1610.' This likely a French spelling for an Anthony Wood and father Thomas Wood.

In the tower floor are two slate slabs to Thomas Wood of Howley, 1716 (probably a descendant of the foregoing, who had turned his name into French), and to his son Thomas, 1723.

High up on the south wall of the south aisle is a monument to Grace Rowed, 1633.

Source

  1. Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I, File 65, in Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem: Volume 3, Edward I, pp. 67-79. British History Online folio 106.
  • 'Parishes: Coulsdon', in A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4, ed. H E Malden (London, 1912), pp. 199-205. British History Online - Coulsdon.
  • Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I, File 65, in Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem: Volume 3, Edward I, ed. J.E.E.S. Sharp and A.E. Stamp (London, 1912), pp. 67-79. British History Online folio 106.


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Categories: Coulsdon, Surrey