County Antrim, Ireland

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County Antrim

Antrim Coat of arms
  • Motto - Per angusta ad augusta - Through Trial to Triumph
  • Country - Northern Ireland
  • Region - Antrim
  • Province - Ulster
  • County town - Antrim
  • Area Total - 3,046 km2 (1,176 sq miles)
  • Area rank - 9th
  • Population - 618,108
  • Rank - 2nd
  • Irish name - Contae Aontroma / Coontie Antrìm / Countie Antrim


The territory of county of Antrim is ancient, once the kingdom of Ulaid, in north-eastern Ulster. Ulaid was peopled by three distinct groups of people, the Dál nAraidi in the north, the Ui Echach Cobo south of Lough Neagh, and the Dál Fiatach on the south coast of Antrim. The district of Antrim was already known in the early 14th century, the name "Antrim" retained when shired by Sir John Perrot and sheriffs appointed in the 16th century.

The Vikings came to county Antrim when a great Viking fleet established themselves on Lough Neagh in the year 839.

In the late 12th century, Antrim became part of the Earldom of Ulster, following inroads by Anglo-Normans from the south. A campaign against the Anglo-Normans led by Edward de Brus (brother of Robert the Bruce) in 1315 was initially successful, but eventually faltered and was defeated in 1318.

In the late Middle Ages, Antrim was divided into three parts: northern Clandeboye (where a branch of the O'Neills of Tyrone became powerful for a time in the 14th C.); the Glynnes (the Scots/Irish MacDonnells became powerful in the Glynnes in the 15th C.); and the Route (where the Cambro-Norman MacQuillans became powerful).

The 16th century saw a determined effort by Queen Elizabeth 1st to bring Ulster under English control, the province was shired, caught up in the long rebellion of the Nine Years War (1594-1603) resulting in the Flight of the Earls, overrun by the English and finally colonized in a systematic plantation of Scots and English settlers.


The Glens of Antrim offer isolated rugged landscapes, the Giant's Causeway is a unique landscape and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bushmills produces whiskey, and Portrush is a popular seaside resort and night-life area. The majority of the capital city of Northern Ireland, Belfast, is also in County Antrim, with the remainder being in County Down.


WikiTree Resources - County Antrim

External Resources - County Antrim

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Creating Geographic Categories for County Antrim

Please see the full details on the page Creating Location Categories for Ireland.

County Pages For Ireland
Antrim • Armagh • Carlow • Cavan • Clare • Cork • Derry • Donegal • Down • Dublin • Fermanagh • Galway • Kerry
Kildare • Kilkenny • Laois • Leitrim • Limerick • Londonderry • Longford • Louth • Mayo • Meath • Monaghan
Offaly • Roscommon • Sligo • Tipperary • Tyrone • Waterford • Westmeath • Wexford • Wicklow

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