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Cox Family History Preserved

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NI18 on Catherine Reigelman.[1] McGee family record shows that Cathrine married Daniel McGee after her husband, John Wills, died. Daniel died in 1805. Notes from K. Haddad. ( I copy much of her work on this Wills family and the older Wills) I believe that Catharine's maiden name was Reigelman based on the following: Catharine Rigelmann was born March 17, 1757 and christened April 8, 1857 at the Zion Lutheran Church at Moselem in Windsor Township, BerksCounty, Pennsylvania. Johanne Will was born May 8, 1748 and christened at the same church. According to the research of Laura DeWald, Catharina's father was Conrad Rigelmann. Marriage records of this same church show Conrad Rigelmann, son of Martin Rigelmann, marrying Anna Dorothea Mullerin, daughter of Johann Georg Muller. Their marriage took place in 1750. Catharine was born seven years later. In 1741, the ship "Molly" from Rotterdam and Deal had the following passengers: Martin Regelman, 40 - THIS IS THE FATHER OF CONRAD Conrad/Conrath Reagleman, 20 - THIS IS THE FATHER OF CATHARINE b. 1757 Other passengers were: Hans Yergen/Vigen/George Reagleman, 18 Jeremias Muller Matheus Kilian Johann Georg Reitzel/Reutzel (Rudesill?), 45 Johan Georg Druck (Drack?) Johann Ruddiss (Rudesill?) Jno Lenerd Sizler (Seitz?), 17 Jno Peter Sizler (Zeitz?), 16 Notice the likenesses of the names Killian, Rudesill, and Drack long associated with the Wills in both Pa. and NC. In 1748, the ship "Two Brothers" from Rotterdam and Portsmouth had the following passenger: Johan Wilhelmus Mueller - This could be the FATHER OF ANNA SOPHIA DOROTHEA who married Conrad Notice that one of Johannes and Catharine Will's sons was named Conrad, whom I believe was named after her father. The fact that Johannes Will stayed single until he was thirty indicates partially that he had not found the woman he wanted to marry and may have decided to go back to Pennsylvania where his brother, Daniel lived, to marry a childhood friend. Also, Catharine Reigelman would have been about twenty-one by then. Buriels in the Dunkel Church, Lenhartsville, Berks County, Pa., include Conrad Riegelmann, b. June 21, 1751 and died July 19, 1838. Otherearly 1800s burials included both Riegelmans and Wills. Catharine's husband, Johanne Will, died September 1793 and without a will. Therefore, law required that all his movable assets be sold at auction. Catharine spent a total of 100 pounds, 171 shillings and 54 pence on mostly kitchen ware, a tub, a mare and woman's saddle, a quill wheel to make writing pens, some books (yes, she was educated) three cows (probably milk cows so she could make some money], and even a tub (for bathing?). Interestingly, she did not buy any furniture. She did buy back her negro woman and child for 168 pounds, 4 shillings. Johannes had bought the woman for her just before her first child was born, and she must have grown close to this woman, not willing to make any money at the expense of their friendship. Also at the sale was Daniel McGee whom she would later marry. He only bought a pottle (half-gallon container) and plate for three shillings, and bid right next to her. I wonder if he was standing next to her during the sale. His brother, Thomas, spent eleven pounds, possibly to make their presence more respectable. See more on Daniel McGee under his notes. Catharine bore Daniel two children: Thomas Jefferson McGee, probably named after his brother, and Hugh (Elihu) McGee, possibly another of Daniel's relatives. Then when Thomas was about five years old andHugh about two, Daniel died. He was about 45 years old. He had lived in her home since they married and left very little - mostly clothes - to be sold at auction to help her raise his children. But the estate of Johanne, Catharine's first husband, was still not settled. The month after Daniel died, October 1805, her sons filed for partition of Johanne's land between the three of them. Peter Forney was made Guardian of the boys since John was 21, Daniel 19, and Conrad only 16. Immediately Catharine filed for a dower right to an equal portion of the land. A commission was set up to divide the land and consider Catharine's request, and it included among others ThomasMcGee, esquire (attorney), brother of Daniel. I have all the papers. John got 200 acres, Daniel got 70 acres (was it more fertile and in a valley?), Conrad got 125 acres of a 136-acre parcel. Catharine's share was the house Johanne had built her, out buildings, and the remaining 11 acres of the 136-acre parcel. That house is still there; I have seen it. The family survived the trauma of settling an estate. She finished raising Conrad. Also there were still at home toddlers Thomas Jefferson and Elihu whom everyone called Hugh. Then there were the weddings. Daniel married Anne Walker about that time, Barbara married Jacob Hinkle in 1808. Conrad married someone we do not know, but I am guessing her name was either Mary or Louesa, the names of his two daughters. And Catharine became a grandmother several times over. And for the rest of her life she would be known as "the Widow Wills." But there was talk in the air about new land opening up. People had seen how their fathers and grandfathers had gotten rich buying and selling land. Catharine's sons had seen how their grandfather, Gerhardt, had gotten rich that way, and how their father Johannes had gottenrich selling the timber off of it. Many people said they wanted such a chance. The land opening up was Missouri. In 1805 Missouri became part of the Louisiana Territory, then split off on its own in 1812. Indian raids persisted, being paid off by the French and Spanishtrying to reclaim the land, resulting in the War of 1812. By 1815 the raids had stopped and the Indians began to live in peace in the new territory. Missouri became a state in 1821. People from all overNorth Carolina signed up to be part of a huge caravan headed to the new land. Some reports say there were 400 wagons, though there may have really been 40. Catharine was 64 years old. I doubt she wanted to make the trip, butshe wanted to stay with her children, and her long-time neighbors shehad known since their years up in Berks County, Pennsylvania. Some stopped and settled along the way. Some of those families who settled in Wayne County in SE Missouri are Seitz, Rutlege, Hinkle, Cloninger, Cowin, Eddleman, Burk, Bollinger, Chronister, Stroup, Abernathy, Devault. Catharine's family settled in today's Jefferson Township of Wayne County. Catharine bought some land, and family tradition says that herson, Conrad, built her cabin for her. Her cabin was still standing in1940 in Section 20, Township 18 North, Range 8 East. A lady namedPeggy McGee-Kirk of Advance, Missouri, possibly still living, says she remembers seeing the cabin on her way to school every day. Peggy isa descendant of Thomas Jefferson McGee, Daniel's oldest son. To find the site of her cabin, from Roads P and TT, drive south along Road TT and her land is on the east side of the road. Continuing on and crossing branches of McGee Creek, you will come to the site ofthe former town of McGee. I believe Catharine's cabin was on a hilloverlooking McGee. Land titles were almost impossible before 1850, but in 1856, Doris Cato, Thomas McGee's daughter, received title to 560 acres which was in part or whole Catharine's land. Her son, Conrad, built his own cabin 3-1/2 miles from her. Catharine died some time during the 1820s and was probably buried near her cabin, though it has long been an unknown site.

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NI355 Ancestors of Cotham Grandfather

First listed of two parts which are on father/son profiles. Alfred Sampson Cotham.[2]

Second listed of two parts which are on father/son profiles. Moses Payne Cotham[3]

Needs WT IDs and Headers


Dudley C. Cox[4] DUDLEY C. COX Researched and written by jerry Cox My search for the family of Reed Cox led me to look at Dudley C. Cox.The following reasons state why I think he should be named a son of Reed: Reed had a brother named Dudley who died about the time Dudley was born, and this family named children after other family members. The 1850 census for Ripley Co Mo shows Dudley was born in Alabama, and Reed did live for a time in Alabama about the time Dudley was born. Jacob, a known son of Reed, named two of his sons Dudley. The 1830 census for Reed shows a male in the household between the ages 15-20, and Dudley would have been about 18. The 1840 census shows Dudley living next door to Reed and John Eudaly. These notes show a close family relationship between Dudley and Reed. Grandmother Sarah told dad that Jacob and his brother, Dudley, came to this country in a covered wagon. Which is evidence of a father-son relationship between Reed and Dudley. Finally, there is a connection between Dudley and Mary (Carper) Cox: Dudley's obituary states he left an elderly mother, and Mary was alive at the time. At age 17 in about 1829 Dudley joined the Methodist Church, he remained a strongly religious man all his life. In 1834 he helped Reed and John Eudaly build a campground on a high rolling land at Shady Grove in Jefferson Co Tn. They hauled their material across Bay's mountain from their Sawmill on Beaver Creek. Of course today their buildings no longer stand, but their religious effort was long lasting. Jacob was converted there at a camp meeting in 1840. And Shady Grove Methodist Church still stands today. John G. and Elizabeth (Sherrod) Pulliam moved their family from North Carolina to Knox County Tennessee in 1833. I believe that on 20 January 1836 their daughter, Penelope, and Dudley C. were married in Jefferson County Tennessee.(1) When a man exhibited speaking ability the class leader encouraged him to use and develop it in the meetings. If he made a favorable impression on the circuit rider and the presiding elder he was awarded the title of licensed exhorter at the quarterly conference. Dudley was such a man. He became an exhorter in Tennessee and continued the practice through out his life. He used his gifts of persuasion after the preacher gave a sermon and at the class meetings to bring sinners to the church. He also assisted the circuit rider on the circuit rounds. (2) The Methodists celebrated their centennial year on Friday, 25 Oct 1839. The preacher left on Saturday. Dudley, now an exhorter, continued the meeting through 9:00 PM Sunday, then the meeting moved from the church to Reed's house where at 11:00 PM Sunday was still going strong. Dudley and wife, Penelope Pulliam, and their daughter Mary made the trip west with Reed and John Eudaly in 1841. Penelope, a young wife with three-year-old Mary came down the Tennessee River on a flatboat and across Missouri in a covered wagon. On the 1840 census Penelope and Dudley owned a female slave, age ten years. I found no record that the girl came west. They stopped, rented land, and made a crop near Jackson Missouri. Then continued on and landed on Cane Creek in 1841. All together a trip of one year. Dudley and Parenelitha(3) were charter members of the Shiloh Campground on Cane Creek in Wayne County, Missouri. They helped build campgrounds and worshiped in this community at least until 1847. On 26 April, 1849 Dudley C bought lots 4 and 30 in Doniphan, Missouri. On 10 June 1850 Dudley bought one-half acre in Doniphan, which included a leather business with finished and unfinished hides. A tannery used lots of water, so was located on a stream. Tan vats were sunk into and flush with the ground. Here the hides of cow, ox, horse, deer and swine were made into leather for shoes, high boots, aprons, harness, carriage tops and curtains, and saddles. Buckskin for clothes was made from deer skin A tanyard stank to high heaven, for here fresh hides were trimmed of useless ends, soaked in water to soften them, scrapped clean of fat and tissue - hair and epidermis. Then after this cleaning hides were soaked in tannic acid, made from black oak bark, for several months. A further soaking in vats of alternate layers of hides and bark flooded with water for up to a year completed the tanning process. From time to time the hides were turned using a pole with a hook on it's end. The tanner knew by "feel" when it was time to haul the hides to the stream for washing, and hanging out to dry. After drying the hides were soaked, scraped, and washed again, then soaked in an alum solution. A coat of tallow and neats foot oil was beaten in with a mallet to make the leather soft and pliable and give a good surface finish - called currying. After drying it was softened by beating or stomping, and rubbing (4). Dudley and Parnelitha sold their leather business to the Black Brothers of Ripley County on 11 June 1851. The 1850 census records Dudley (a merchant) age 36, Penelope age 32, Mary E age 14, Dudley W age 8, and James T H age 2 living in Ripley Co. Dudley and Penelope owned a 17-year-old black (not mulatto) female slave on 10 Oct 1850. Dudley was elected Justus of the Peace in Doniphan. The justice of the Peace Court was sometimes a community social event where large crouds gathered. Court was often held in a school. Citizens came on horse back and by wagon to spend the day and hear the cases that were presented. Among the duties of the office were: witness documents; write deeds and contracts; hold court for fist fights and gun fights - if on one was killed; hold court for assault, minor theft and for most misdemeanors; they held preliminary hearings to determain if a case should be bound over for Circuit Court; they performed marriages; they could not hear cases that involved land or divorce (5). Marriages performed by Dudley: Thomas E. Skinner - Judy King 23 Oct,1851 James McMannus - Juliann Capp 19 Ap 1852 (The marriage was recorded at the court house 19 Jun 1852, probably by Dudley) George Young - Arimenta Bird 15 Ap 1852 Lemuel Kittral - Luramy Kelly 9 Nov 1852 Archable Washham - Sarah Riel 6 Mar 1853 W.S. Woodard was the circuit rider for Shiloh 1852. He held a camp meeting there and "every unconverted person on the campground on Tuesday was converted...Dudley Cox and Lem Kittrel used their exhorter's license well." (6) Dudley bought lot 13 in Doniphan on 20 Aug 1853. He died on Christmas Eve of that year. Following is his obituary from the "St Louis Christian Advocate": "Departed this life December 24th 1853, Dudley C. Cox, in the forty-first year of his age, and in the triumphs of the Cross of Christ, at his residence, at Doniphan, Ripley County, Missouri. Bro. Cox was born in East Tennessee, and was born again in the 17th year of his age: joined the Methodist Church, and was a shining light in that church up to the day of his death, and the influence will tell on the destiny of this town in all coming time: his place will not soon be supplied as an exhorter and class-leader in the church. Bro. Cox was raised by pious parents, and leaves an aged mother, and wife and daughter, and many relatives and friends to mourn their loss; but they sorrow not as those that have no hope, for if we believe that Jesus died and arose again, then they that sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. Oh that they may all meet him in heaven. E.V. Glass Doniphan, Jan 7 1854" Daughter Mary was born to Dudley and Penelope 2 Jan 1837 in Jefferson Co TN. Mary married Thomas Reubottom on Sept 1853 in Ripley County, Missouri. But once again from the "St Louis Christian Advocate" this obituary: "Mrs. Mary, Wife of Thomas Reubottom and only child (think should be daughter) of Dudley and Penelope Cox died at Christmas 1856 at the home of her father-in-law Judge Reubottom in Wayne County, Missouri. She left a husband, baby and a widowed mother." Like Dudley she died at Christmas time, just three years after Dudley. NOTES 1. Dudley's wife is listed with various names (see (3) below). So I was unable to verify that she is John and Elizabeth Pullium's daughter. But see research of Frieda M. Wallace in "History and Families Ripley County Missouri" Vol I, see "Pulliam". Also, see will of Elizabeth Pulliam where Penelope Cox is named daughter. 2. Johnson; "The Frontier Camp Meeting". 3. Dudley's wife's name is recorded as Penelope on her marriage record; Parenelitha in "Shiloh, Mother of Preachers"; Permilia and Pamilpa in deed book A and D pages 262-263 Doniphan MO courthouse. 4. EdwinTunis, "Colonial Craftsman and the Beginnings of American Industry" 5. History teacher Allen Bates told me the duties of a Justus of the Peace. 6. W.S. Woodard, "Annals of Methodism in Missouri" p174. 7. "John Eudaley's Journal" is used through out.

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Possible Name: Search for Family of Reed Cox Begins

NI393 Hopkins Cox and the Will of his Father

Originally posted to Cox-5659: Hopkins Muse Cox by Jerry Cox at 12:30, 16 October 2013.[5]

Note Is Functional: Most names have WT IDs


James C. Cox[6] JAMES C. COX Researched and written by jerry Cox I believe James C. Cox who died on Apr. 13, 1857 (1) was Jacob's' brother. Because: First, Reed had a brother named James, and Jacob named two of his sons James and my family carried given names along from generation to generation. Second, the 1830 census records two males under the age of five years in Reed's household (2). Jacob was four years old at the time, so he could have had a brother in that age groop. Third, the 1840census records, in Reed's household, one male aged 5-10; one male aged 10-15 (3). Jacob was 14 years old so he probably had a younger brother. Fourth, the 1850 census records a James Cox age 20 born in Tennessee in the Mary Cox household (4), (Reed died in 1844). James C. Cox was born 9 Jan, 1830, so would have appeared on the 1830 census, so would have been 10 years old on the 1840 census, and he would have been 20 years old in1850 census. Mary was 43 years old when James was born. James was 11 years old in 1841 when the family rode the flatboat down the Tennessee River and a covered wagon half-way across Missouri (5). This obituary appeared in the "St. Louis Christian Advocate": (6) " Died, - Of typhoid pneumonia, at his residence, in Butler county, Missouri, April13, 1857, Brother James C. Cox, aged twenty-seven years three months and four days. Bro. Cox embraced religion and joined the Methodist E. Church in the twelfth year of his age, and ever after lived a consistent life until he was taken to his reward on high. The writer was very intimate with the deceased for months before his exit, and is satisfied he was a man of the first class - possessing all the Christian graces requisite to a holy life. Bro. Cox was united inholy wedlock to Miss Nelly Kitrell, in the fore part of the year 1852, and bereft of the same in 1853; again united in marriage on the 4th of September,1855, to the now heart-stricken and widowed sister C.T.F. Kerby. There might be a great deal said to the praise of our departed and sainted brother, but we forebear, by just stating that this community, by the death, hast lost one of its strongest and most respectable citizens; the Church one of her brightest and most beloved members; the bereft sister one of the kindest and best of husbands; the little orphans one among the holiest of fathers. May the Lord bless them and guide their mother in their training, that they may finally, far out on the other shore, shake hands with their now sainted father. J. M. Wheeler. Shiloh, Butler county, Missouri, June 17, 1857." James died intestate. John Eudaly became executor of his estate. His heirs were G. or J. Cox, Mary E. Cox, and Hawkins Cox. On 6 June, 1857 the personal property of James was sold. Jacob bought the following: iron wedge - $.50, old axe - , iron square - $.25, cary plough - $.20, pair of stiel yarids - $.50, small axe - $.25, 25 hogs - .25. James and JJohn Eudaly were partners in a leather business. The busines was sold with half going to James' estate and half to John. James may have learned the leather business at Reed's Tanyard on Bever Creek in Jefferson County TN.(8) John Eudaly was appointed guardian of James' daughter Mary E. Cox. He used part of her inheritance to buy her a spelling book and pay her tuition to school. Mary married John Wisecarver. (9) NOTES FOR JAMES C. COX 1. See obituary for James C. Cox item 6 below. 2. 1830 Federal census for Jeff. Co. Tenn. 3. 1840 " " " " " " 4. 1850 " " " Butler County, Missouri. 5. See John Eudaly's Journal. 6. See July 28, 1857 issue of "St. Louis Cjhristian Advocate" St Louis public library 7. Will of James C. Cox - courthouse, Poplar Bluff, Missouri. 8. Will Of Mary Cox - courthouse, Poplar Bluff, Missouri.

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NI437 History of the Roberts Family

Melissa Crites[7] HISTORY OF THE ROBERTS FAMILY Melissa Crites Roberts was born in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri on May 3, 1832, member of Mary W. Drum and Deavault Crites famlly and a granddaughter of William and Susannah Huntsingaer Drum (Susannah Hunsucker Drum) and a niece of Judge John Drum, lived all her life within three miles of the place where she was born and reared, never visited outside her native county, never rode on a railroad train, although a railroad passed within a hundred yards of her house, and in operation for twenty years. She would occasionally ride in an automobile, only for a short distance at one time. During her girlhood she had the advantage of a common school education such as was taught by Samuel B. McNight, Andrew Clappard and Prof. Tood. On January 13, 1848, she became the wife of Thomas Roberts who was born in North Carolina May 28, 1826, came to Missouri with his parents about the year 1830, while he was a child. He became the school mate of his future wife, shared the same educational advantages with her. Thomas was the son of Matthew and Mary Schumacher Roberts who came from North Carolina, and whose family consisted of three sons and two daughters to wit: James, Thomas, William, Nancy and Kate. The family located on Byrds Creek in Cape Girardeau County, but never owned a house in Missouri. The father died within a few years after coming to the new country, and the family scattered, the mother, son James and daughters Nancy and Kate removed to the Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. William removed to Randolph County, Missouri, married in that county and found a home with Judge John Drum on whose farm he grew to manhood, worked on the farm, had the advantage of the schools in the neighborhood. In the year 1853, Thomas Roberts entered 120 acres of land in section 36, township 33, range 11, 21/2 miles west of Oak Ridge. In the year 1868, he acquired 65.76 acres by purchase, all timber land at the time. At this writing, in the year 1931, 135 acres are in cultivation, and none of the homestead has been sold or mortgaged, title is still vested in the Roberts family. Thomas died at his home on January 18, 1875, his wife, Melissa Roberts, died on Feb. 25, 1920, Leaving a seven son five daughters, to wit: William J. Roberts, a son, was born July 9, 1849. He is the author of this biography. (See History of Southeast Missouri, Page 795). He was never married. John H. Roberts, a son, born Mar. 9, 1851, removed to California 1872, removed to Pine City, Washington. in 1884, occupation farming, his wife living, and one child deceased. [[Roberts-7888|PP1ambx86 Elam A. Roberts, a son, born Nov. 23, 1853, removed to Jasper County, Missouri in 1883, died at Carthage Oct. 1, 1924. Has a wife and 4 children, all preceded him in death. Serilda C. Roberts, a daughter, born January 13, 1855, became the wife of B. F. Wills of the county of Cape Girardeau, Missouri, in 1876. Seven children born to them, 4 living, the wife died March, 1905, husband died June 12, 1917. Julia I. Roberts, a daughter, born Sept. 18, 1856, resides near Oak Ridge, Missouri, she never married. Lewis C. Roberts, a son, born Aug. 16, 1858, grew to manhood on his father's farm, removed to the state of Washington in 1881, resides in said state, has a wife and four children living. Dr. J. B. Roberts, a son, born Aug. 13, 1860, reared on the farm, graduated in the dental department of Vanderbilt University of Tennessee. in 1884, was united in marriage with Mary Bogy, a daughter of Judge John L. Bogy of Ste. Genevieve, Missouri in February, 1888. Nine children were the result of this marriage, to wit: Bogy, Thomas, Edith, Bremon, Lucillle, John L., Mary R., Josephine, and Wallace. Mary (Ann or J.) Roberts, A daughter, born Sept. 24, 1862, resides with her brother at Walla Walla, Washington. Lilly A. Roberts, a daughter, born Nov. 12, 1864, died in infancy. Amanda F. Roberts, A daughter, born June 3, 1866, became the wife of J. H. Smith in 1887. They reside near Oak Ridge, Missouri, have no children. Thomas Roberts, a son born Oct. 16, 1868, reared on the farm, was united in marriage with Sarah Adeline Limbaugh on Aug. 30, 1891. Five children were the result of this marriage: Lottie, Arlie, Eldon, Bascom and Dena. Bascom died at the age of 12 yrs. Emma Roberts, daughter, born Nov. 12, 1870, resides near Oak Ridge, Missouri. L. D.. Roberts, a son, born Oct. 21, 1873, grew to manhood on the farm, resides two miles north of Oak Ridge, Missouri, engaged farming and stock raising. On July 26, 1896, he was married to Artie E. Futrell at Oak Ridge, Missouri. They have two children, a son, Lynn Roberts, Born Feb. 24, 1900, and Lucy Roberts, his twin sister. Lucy is the wife of Dale Seabaugh in Bollinger County, Missouri, and the former Artie Barks is the wife of Lynn and they reside near Oak Ridge, Missouri.

Note has WT IDs and Needs Headers


Johann Rudolph Drach[8] [2103913.ged] from: Finley-McFarling Database, WorldConnec t by Carmen J. Finley <> !Vital dates from "Familien in Dannstadt und Schauernheim, " by Winfried Seelinger, p. 158. Also in Ralph B. Strassbur ger,"PA German Pioneers of 1727-1808." Took oath of allegia nce 25 March 1744. Had 300 acres in Rockhill Twp., Bucks Co ., PA in 1763 !Immigrated to US in 1730 land in PHiladelphia aboard the s hip "Thistle of Glasgow" from Rotterdam. <zinclair@ridgecre> 12/23/97 from: Canney/Peckman Geneaology, WorldConnect , by Susan P. Canney "Rudolph arrived in Philadelphia, PA on 29 August 1730 aboa rd the ship "Thistle. "Palatines imported in the Thistle o f Glasgow, Colin Dunlop, Mr., from Rottr, but last from Dov er. Clearance June 19th (qualified 29 Aug. 1730.)" He too k the Oath of Allegiance on 24 March 1744.He had 300 acre s granted him from William Penn in Rockhill Twp., Bucks Co. , PA in 1763 but he appears in Bucks Co., PA as early as 17 50 when his daughter Anna Maria was born and baptized. He a nd his familysettled in Bucks County, PA and on 4 June 176 3, he received by patentfrom the Proprietors full title t o approximately 300 acres of landinthe northeastern corne r of Bedminster township on Tohickon Creek extending acros s into Nockamixon township. They were members of the Tohickon Lutheran Church and appea r frequently in the published History of Tohickon Union Chu rch (1745-1854), byRev. William J. Hinke, Ph.D.,D.D. Thi s book was issued in 1924 by thePennsylvania German Societ y, but, as stated in the preface, it waspublished with th e financial aid of the descendants. In 1753 he named as one of the trustees in the deed for th e purchaseof a church site for the Tohicken Church. It i s possible that he is the Trach who in 1775 had lands in Up per Salford Township, Philadelphia, PA although it seems mo re likely that he remained in Bucks Co. His will was probated 1 October 1771. It is recorded in Bucks County, PA. Will Book 3, page 242, and is abstracted a s follows: Will of Rudolph Drach of Township of Rockhill Dated Jan. 5, 1770 Probated Oct. 1, 1771. Registered Will B ook 3, p.242. Wife Merilas all personal estate except 5 pounds which I will tomy son Henry Drak as his full share an d legacy of all my estate. After decease of my wife Merila s all personal estate in her custody to be divided between the surviving children of me and my wife Merilas. Appoint s Peter Drak and Philip Shryer Exrs. who shall make my two sons Henry Drak and Adam Drak deeds for the land I gave t hem by articles of agreement, they paying legacies to my six daughters 40 each as per agreement. Witness'd: Abraham Landed John Philip Schryer John Jemison. His family is named fully in the various legal papers concerned with the division of his estate. In 1770 Rudolph divided his property among his children. He did this by means of an agreement whereby each daughter was to receive 40 pounds (except Susanna who only received 5 pounds.) This money was to be paid by the two sons who in their turn were to divide the farm between them and furnish maintenance for their parents as long as they should live. This support included "a hogshead of good cider yearly." The agreement between Rudolph and his two sons, Adam and Henry was as follows: Deed Book No. 18 p. 274 Office of Recorder of Deeds Doylest own, PA AGREEMENT made January 5, 1770 between Rudolph Drach of Rok hill Township, County of Bucks, and Province of Pennsylvania, yeoman, of the one part, and his sons Henry Drach and Adam Drach of the same place, of the other part. WITNESSETH: That the said Rudolph Drach grants unto his said sons the trace of 300 acres of land in Bedminster Township, the said County, which he, the said Rudolph, had purchased of the Right Honorable the Proprietaries of the Province of Pennsylvania by their patent bearing date the 4th day of June 1763. To the said Henry 100 acres, and to Adam 200 acres thereof. Henry shall give yearly and every year from the date hereo f on the 27th of November to his said father at his house where he now lives 8 bushels, the halfe of wheate and the halfe of rey, in the hole, 8 bushels; and shal plow and harrow in one half acre with Buckwheat each year and find the seed, thresh and kline the same and deliver same at the same time when he delivers the wheat and rey in Rockhill Township, Bucks County. And Adam Drach shall likewise give each and every year to his father Rudolph Drach and mother Merilas Drach as long as they or either of them live, 20 bushels the ne half wheat e and one half rey, and shall sew one half acre of Buckwheat in like manner as Henry, and deliver the same together with one hogset of good cider. And said Henry and Adam shall pay 40 pounds each to my five daughters Elizabeth, Madale nck, Margaret, Ann Margaret, and Ann Mary, and the said Henry to pay unto my daughter Susannah Drack 5 pounds. Ten acres are excepted from Rudolph's 200 acres during the lifetime of the said Rudolph. Signed by the three contracting parties in German Witnessed by Johann Philip Schryer and Peter Drach He is buried in the Hamilton Church Cemetery. Familien in Dannstadt und Schauernheim by Winifred Seelinge r, p. 158shows that Rudolf Drach b. 1699, son of Peter Drach (1666-15 September 1738 amd Christina Metzger as the 173 0 immigrant and his nephew Rudolf Drach, born 29 December 1 721, son of Peter Drach, 27 November 1694-5 December 1773 and Anna Barbara Vesper, 1697 - 18 February 1735, as the 175 4 immigrant. Page 112 of Heimat-Jahrbuch 1990; 6. Jahrgang; Herausgegebe n vom LANDKREIS LUDWIGSHAFEN by Verlag Kiliandruck Grunstad t and Erwin Dinges indicates that while Rudolf Drach and his wife Maria Diefenbach emigrated in 1730, their nephew, Rudolph Drach emigrated in 1754 with the younger Rudolf's sister, Anna Maria."

Rudolph Draugh arrived in Philadelphia aboard the "Thistle of Glasgow" from Rotterdam on August 29, 1730 (Source: I nternet Ship Passenger Lists). He did not take an oath o f allegiance to the British who controlled Pennsylvania until March 25, 1744 (Source: Ralph B. Strassburger, "Pennsyl vania German Pioneers of 1727-1808") Rudolph had 300 acres of land in Rockhill Township, Bucks C ounty, Pennsylvania, in 1763. There is circumstantial evidence that he was the father of Barbara who married Gerhardt Will/Wull. Anyone who has documented evidence I would welcome hearing from. His lineage is as follows: RUDOLPH DRACH b.c. 1700 Gross-Umstadt, Germany d. ? m. October 28, 1727 MARIA ELISABETHA DIEFFENBACH b. Assenheim, Germany her fa: JOHANN DAVID DIEFFENBACH JOHANN PETER DRACH b. September 9, 1669, Gross-Umstadt, Hessen, Germany d. September 15, 1738, Dannstadt, Pfalz, Germany m. January 26, 1692 in Gross-Umstadt, Germany CHRISTINA MET ZGER her fa: JOHANNES METZGER JOHANN GEORG DRACH b. May 21, 1640, Gross-Umstadt, Hessen, Germany d. February 1702 (occupation: cooper) m. 1661, Gross-Umstadt, Germany HELENA MEYER CHRISTOPHEL DRACH b. 1593, Gross-Umstadt, Hessen, Germany c. March 4, 1674 m. 1637, Gross-Umstadt, Hessen, Germany Aboard ship "The Thistle of Glascow"

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Maria Barbara Drach[9] Maria Barbara must have been around five years old when her family immigrated to America if Rudolph Drach is really her father. There is no documented evidence that he is, but the proximity of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, where he settled to Berks County, Pennsylvania, where the Wills settled seems to point in that direction. No marriage documentation has been located. The John M. Wills paper claims that Rudolph is her father, then traces the family to the late 1500s in Germany. To access this line, go to WorldConnect, where Carmen Finley has it listed. Barbara's maiden name comes from baptismal records of the Zion Lutheran Church in Moslem, Windsor Township, Berks County, Pa. No marriagerecord has been located. In the church records, her name was spelledDrohin. However people did not standardize the spelling of their name until nearly the 20th century. Other variations of this surname are Droh, Drog, Trog, Trough, Traugh I do not know where the list of children came from outside of possibly a book; I do not know the documentation. It is interesting that Elisabetha is forty years older than Susanna. [2103913.ged] Maria Barbara must have been around five years old when he r family immigrated to America if Rudolph Drach is really h er father. There isno documented evidence that he is, bu t the proximity of Bucks County,Pennsylvania, where he set tled to Berks County, Pennsylvania, where the Wills settle d seems to point in that direction. No marriage documentat ion has been located. The John M. Wills paper claims tha t Rudolph is her father, then traces the family to the lat e 1500s in Germany. To access this line, go to WorldConnec t, where Carmen Finley hasit listed. Barbara's maiden name comes from baptismal records of the Z ion Lutheran Church in Moslem, Windsor Township, Berks Coun ty, Pa. No marriage record has been located. In the churc h records, her name was spelled Drohin. However people di d not standardize the spelling of their name until nearly t he 20th century. Other variations of this surname are Droh, Drog, Trog, Trou gh, Traugh I do not know where the list of children came from outside of possibly a book; I do not know the documentation. It is interesting that Elisabetha is forty years older than Susanna.

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Susannah (Everett) Stone[10] 0ear Jerry, Unfortunately, I don't have anymore than you do on the Stone line. Here's a brief summary on the Everett's. In 1785/86 Thomas Hardeman, his wife, children and John Everett, Sn his wife Esther Hardeman (Thomas' sister), their children (these are the parents of Susannah), and a Chickasaw Chief by the name of Piomingo launched their flatboat on the Holston River for Nashville. This trip is 1,ooo miles long. From the Holston to the Tennessee to the Ohio and finally down theCumberland. The entire winters trip took 2 and 1/2 months to complete. Upon arrival in Nashville they settled in the area south and east of Buchanan's Station (today that would be where Elm Hill Pike crossesMill Creek). The oldest maps of the area show Hardeman's Station and Everett's Station very close together. John Everett, Sn and Esther Hardeman had the following children: James E. (killed by Indians in June1792, one month after his marriage to Lettie Ridley) Comfort E. (married John Topp - their children include prominent lawyers in Memphis, Mayor of Lebanon, TN and a daughter Nancy married Thomas Martin ofPulaski fame) John E., Jr (my ggggrandfather - married Sallie (Sarah) Davis, and moved east to Mt. Juliet, Tn) Betsey, Lydia, Susannah (a note of these three girls - two were twins, but we don't know which) Thomas Hardeman E. Thomas Hardeman E. and two of his sisters were scalped while gathering nuts from the woods. All three lived and were nursed back to health by their sister Comfort (their mother Esther had already died). Thomas Hardeman (brother-in-law to John E. Sn) was very famous. He was a representative back to NC along with Andrew Jackson to vote on the ratification of the US Constitution. Also a representative to the Statehood delegation and fought at King's Mtn with the Overthemountain Men ["Overmountain Men"]. His sons and grandsons also became quite famous. One son, Bailey Hardeman (first cousin to your Susannah), helped write the Declaration of Indepedence for the Republic of Texas, and was Houstons Sec. of State for Texas. Grandson Peter Hardeman Burnett was the first governor of California. Also, the Polk's and Hardeman's were cousins, as John Polks mother (or grandmother - I just can't recall off of the top of my head) was a Hardeman. Hope you found this of interest. Chuck Everett.

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NI580 on "Ollie" Melinda Green[11] Once Lorena, daughter of Aunt Ollie, was asked where Aunt Ollie was bo rn. She thought for a moment, then went to a bedroom closet and searched through a stack of records and found an old legal document filled out and signed by Ollie. Ollie said she was born in Satello TN. ORAPH (MASON) KIMBLE wrote this family history: Ollie Mason's Grandpa was a Cherokee Indian. He was raised in North Mississippi and South Alabama, around Muscle Shoals. When the government bought out the tribe and moved them to Oklahoma, they gave him, (Ollie Green Mason's Grandpa), Eligah Washington Green,and his brother Hiram Green some land and both Eligah and his brother,Hiram, remained in Mississippi. Eligah Washington Green married a girl named Susie Dean, (Ollie GreenMason's Grandma). They had four children, John, Thomas Jeffer-son., Sallie Ann and Dick Green. Thomas Jefferson was Ollie Green Mason's father. Sallie Ann Green died and Dick Green married Rhoda Cagle.They hadfour children, Lizzie Green, George Green, Alice Green and Billie Green. Lizzie Green is Jim Bowen's Mother. Jim Bowen's Mother is a cousinto Ollie Green Mason and Ola Green Motsinger. Eligah Washington Green's son, John Green, left home during the CivilWar, and went off on a Yankee Gun Boat. He was turned out of service in St. Louis, Missouri. He went to Northwest Missouri, and settled at Republic, Missouri, where he served as Magistrate for several years. This was in Christian County. John married and raised a family. He madea living raising apples. Thomas Jefferson Green, John Green's brother, married Mary Dulcinia Martin. They had two children, Ollie and Ola Green. Thomas Jefferson died in youth. John Green died in 1924. He hada girl, Eva Green. Hiram Green, brother of Eligah Green, has relatives living around Boonville and Hackebury, Oklahoma. Dick Green, another son of Eligah Washington Green, married and had four children. Ollie Green Mason and Ola Green Motsinger's Grandfather was Eligah Washington Green. Eligah was a wheelwright. He made Looms, spinning wheels and chairs. Some of these are still around in Harmony,Mississippi. Eligah Washington Green is buried at New Harmony Cemeteryin Harmony, Mississippi. Thomas Jefferson Green's wife, Mary DulciniaMartin, was Ollie Green Mason's and Ola Green Motsinger's Mother. Mary Dulcinia Martin Green remarried after Thomas Jefferson Green's death. She married Henry Shanks.They had two children, Elizabeth and Dollie Shanks. These girls were half-sisters to Ollie Green and Ola Green. Mary Dulcinia Martin's Mother, Melinda Martin, married a man by the name of Terry. Mary Duleinia Martin and John Martin went by the name of Terry, as the other Terry children did. Ollie Green married Harve William Mason, whose father was Arthur James Mason.His mother's last name was Smith.They lived in Vincennes, Indiana, (Arthur James Mason and Wife). Arthur James Mason andwife had four sons, Harve William, Roscoe, James and Arch Mason. Theyalso had three daughters, Sophronia, Rose and Minnie. Arthur James Mason, Harve William Mason's father, was a rural mail carrier. He froze todeath carrying the mail. Ollie Green and Harve William Mason had five children, Three girls and two boys. The girls were named Orpha Dulcinia, Yetta May and Helen Lorena. The boys were Robert Edgar and Joe Henry. Harve William Mason,Ollie Mason's husband, died with typhoid fever in 1914. The two boys,Robert Edgar and Joe Henry died In infancy: they were found dead in bed. Yetta May died 30 days after her father, Harve William Mason. She also had typhoid fever. Orpha Duleinia Mason married Fred Wilson Kimball. Fred Wilson Kimball's father was Grant Harry Kimball. His mother's name was Laura Wilson.Grant Harry Kimball and wife had five boys, Clydeo, Roy, Fred, Harry and Glenn. Helen lorena married Eugene Stout. ~ "OLLIE MASON'S HISTORY OF EVENTS My great Mother's name was Terry my father was Thomas Jefferson GreenMy father had enough indian blood to have got land from the gov free.His brothers did. but he maried my mother her name was Mary Dulcina Terry. Ola and Ollie and Cubby a boy were born (died in infancey) after he (Thomas Green) died she married a man by name of Tom Watt in Tenn, She left him came to Corning when I was 4 yrs old and Ola was 6. She had achild by him after we came to corning it died. She came to Corning tobe near her brother John Terry. this Tom Watt was a rich man but hehad grown children that was mean to me and Ola My mother washed for aliving fimnally saved enough enough to buy a lot for and built a2 room house people helper her. She always said God helped her she sent us to school. When I was 9 years old she married Henry Schenks a brother to Lizzie Floto there lizzie Wills and Dollie Kimball all were born I loved him as a Daddy. My father made buggies and wagons owned a blacksmith shop.When I was 14 years old some neighbor boys went back to Tenn said ourold home still went by the name of Green Plantation. When my father died, his brother up near Springfild wanted ma to bring us children andcome there so he coiuld help take care of us. When I was 18 years oldI married Harvey Mason met him at Truman Ark, went down there to visit Ma's brother Tine Terry. got a job and worked all summer at a Hotel. Harve was born in Vincines Ind. He was an expert Heading turner. we saved and bought this land and built this house so we could be near ma and Henry. Harvey was a good man industteous liked by evrone. We had 5children Orpha yetta, Rober Edger, Joe Henry, and Lorenia. The boys all died in infancy. on your dadys your Grand Father 's name was Kimball Henry Grant Kimball your Grand mother 's name was Laura May Kimball your dady's name was Frerd WilsonKimball your uncle wqas Ray Kimball Henry Kimball, Clyde Kimball Glenn Kimball and Tannt died in infancy married may. No other men ever lived better than Henry Schenks Harve Mason Fred Kimball I know Ollie Mason".

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Oleva Mae "Ola" Green[12] From "Rambling Vines" by Marylea Vines Pub by the "Clay County Courier", and refers to East Corning: "The block from East Laurel to East Hazel has about four or five smaller frame homes and I doubt if anyone could accurate name all of the families who have resided in these houses ... I remember the corner house though. It is the Motsinger house and was occupied for years by Mrs. Ola Motsinger who fascinated me. She could remove warts without touching them . . . this I know to be a fact because I saw her do it. A friend came by our house one day and wanted me to go with her to see Mrs. Motsinger because she had been told that Mrs Motsinger would, painlessly remove warts. Well, here we went and Mrs Motsinger had al;already gone to bed for the night so we talked to her through the screen door . . . this was back in the days when a person didn't have to bar upall the doors and windows every night --- just hook the screen door atbedtime. Doris told Mrs. Motsinger about her wart, how long she hadhad it on her hand and asked if she would, are could remove it. Mrs. Motsinger never opened the screen door, so she never touched that wart. She told Doris to just forget about it for a fewe days and see whathappened. Sure enough in less than a week Doris looked down one day and her wart was completely gone." Aunt Ola also removed my sister Peggie's wart, but she did touch it.Then one day Peg looked down and the wart was gone.

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Mary Dulcina Terry[13] FURTHER RESEARCH FOR MARY D AND MELINDA: 1850 (9 July) Melinda lived in Tippah Co Al. 1860 (3 July) Mary D and Melinda lived in Lauderdal Co Al. post office: Waterloo 1870 (29 July) Mary D. and Melinda lived in Hardin Co Tn. post office:Savannah TN I. Mary D's first born was Olivia in 17 Aug 1878 maybe Mary D was married in 1877 John Terry was married in Savaniah Tn 1878, so check there. Taped records can be found at Tennessee State Library and Archives. i. Check for marriage record for Mary D. Terry to Thomas Green in Harden Co Tn 1877 ii. Check for marriage record for Mary D. Green to Tom Watts abt 1884 iii. Check for Mary D marriage to Thomas Green in Savaniah TN about year 1877 iv. Check for marriage record for Melinda Newsom to Terry about 1830. Melinda was born in Tn and her children with Terry were born in Tn. v. Check for divorce for Mary D and Tom Watts at Corning (checked: no divorce found at Corning) also check for a record at Truman Arkansas. vi. Check for marriage record for Valentine and Pelina for about 1868 in Lauderdale Co Al 2. Look at all records they have in Savannah Tn and other places in Hardin Co Tn. Look for Terry family and Newsom family. 3. Also check in Bedford Co Tn for the Newsom and the Terry family. 4. Check 1830 censes for Terry and Valentine Martin. 5a. Need 1840 census for Bedford Co Tn. Charles N. Terry is there also Newsom is there. 5. Most of the items above were checked at the Library in Menphis. No info was found in their records. Need to check for info at the librarys in Harden Co Tn and at state archives in Nashville. See number 2 above. COUNTIES TO VISIT AND CHECK RECORDS AT COURT HOUSE AND LIBRERY 1. HARDEN CO TN (Savannah) i. ii. iii. Check for marriage record for Valentine Terry (son of Valentine Martin.) Need info on the original marriage document from the court house. Wife is Pelina. iv. Check for marriage record for Mary D. to Thomas Green (maybe 1877.) v. " " " " " " "Green to Tom Watts (maybe 1884.) vi. In 1870 Mary D. and Melinda Terry lived in Harden Co TN. 2. TIPPAH CO MS i. 9 July 1850 Melinda Terry lived here with Valentine Martin. Post office was Waterloo. ii. Check for any Velentine Martin records. iii. Need history of this county. 3. LAUDERDALE CO AL. i. July 3, 1860 Mary D and Melinda Terry lived here. ii. Check land records for Melinda Terry and Children of Melinda. iii. Look for marriage record for Valentine Terry to Pelina 4. BEDFORD CO TN i. Look for any record of Valentine Martin. ii. " " " " " Melinda Terry. iii. Look for Melinda Newsom . iv. " " " Terry. v. Look for any record of Terry and Newsom. vi. Look for marriage record for Melinda Newsom to Terry. Abt 1830. vii. Need 1840 census for Bedford Co TN . Charles N Terry is there and a Newsom 5. HUMPHRIES CO TN. i. Thomas Green and Mary D. Lived there in 1880. ii. Thomas Green was a blacksmith iii. 1.ÙCtabÙDHumphrey Co Tn i. In 1880 Mary d lived in Waverly TN. b.ÙCtabÙDAunt Ola b 17 Aug. 1878 c.ÙCtabÙDIf Mary D married Green about 1877, she was aged 20. ii.ÙCtabÙDMarriage record for Mary D Terry to Thomas Jefferson Green. iii.ÙCtabÙDMarriage record for Mary D Green to Watts iv.ÙCtabÙDMarriage record for Melinda Newsom m Terry about 1830. Check records in Bedford Co TN. NOTES FOR MARY DULCINA by jerry Cox Mary Cox, Christeen King, Orpha Kimball, Lorena Stout, and many others gave input to the notes for Mary Dulcinia. CONTENTS: PART I. WRITTEN FAMILIES HISTORIES PART II. CIVIL WAR PART III. CORNING ARKANSAS I. WRITTEN FAMILY HISTORIES Ollie Mason's History of Events pg(1) My grandmother's name was Terry. My father was Thomas Jefferson Green. my father had enough indian blood to have got land from the gov free. His brother's did. But he married my mother her name was Mary Dulcina Terry. Ola and Ollie and Cubby a boy was born (died in infancy) after He died she married a man by the name of Tom Watt in Tenn, she left him came to Corning when I was 4 years old Ola was 6. She had a child by him after we came to Corning it died. She came to Corning to be near her brother John Terry. This Tom Watt was a rich man but he had grown children that was mean to me and Ola My mother washed for a living finally saved enough to buy a lot for and built her a 2 room house people helped her. She always said God helped her She sent us to school. pg(2) When I was 9 yrs old She married Henry Schenks a brother to Lizzie Floto there Lizzie Wills and Dollie Kimball were born I loved him as a Daddy. My father made buggies and wagons owned a Black Smith shop. When I was 14 yrs old some neighbor boys went back to Tenn said our old home still went by the name of Green Plantation. When my father died, His brother up near Springfield wanted ma to bring us children and come there so he could help take care of us. When I was 18 yrs old I married Harvey Mason met hem at Truman Ark, went down there to visit Ma's brother Tine Terry. got a job and worked all summer at a Hotel. Harve was born in Vincines Ind. He was an expert Heading turner. We saved and bought this land and built this pg(3) house so we could be near ma and Henry. Harve was a good man industrious liked everone. We had 5 children Orpha, Yetta, Robert Edger, Joe Henry and Lorena. The boys all died in infancy. On Your Dady's Your Grand Father's name was Kimball Harry Grant Kimball your Grandmother's name was Laura May Kimball your dady's name was Fred Wilson Kimball Your uncles was Ray Kimball Harry Kimball Clyde Kimball Glenn Kimball and (dead) Tannt died in infancy named May. No other men lived better than Henry Schenks Harve Mason Fred Kimball I know Ollie Mason (END) ORAPH KIMBLE wrote this family history: Ollie Mason's Grandpa was a Cherokee Indian. He was raised in North Mississippi and South Alabama, around Muscle Shoals. When the government bought out the tribe and moved them to Oklahoma, they gave him, (Ollie Green Mason's Grandpa), Eligah Washington Green, and his brother Hiram Green some land and both Eligah and his brother, Hiram, remained in Mississippi. Eligah Washington Green married a girl named Susie Dean, (Ollie Green Mason's Grandma). They had four children, John, Thomas Jeffer-son., Sallie Ann and Dick Green. Thomas Jefferson was Ollie Green Mason's father. Sallie Ann Green died and Dick Green married Rhoda Cagle.They had four children, Lizzie Green, George Green, Alice Green and Billie Green. Lizzie Green is Jim Bowen's Mother. Jim Bowen's Mother is a cousin to Ollie Green Mason and Ola Green Motsinger. Eligah Washington Green's son, John Green, left home during the Civil War, and went off on a Yankee Gun Boat. He was turned out of service in St. Louis, Missouri. He went to Northwest Missouri, and settled at Republic, Missouri, where he served as Magistrate for several years. This was in Christian County. John married and raised a family. He made a living raising apples. Thomas Jefferson Green, John Green's brother, married Mary Dulcinia Martin. They had two children, Ollie and Ola Green. Thomas Jefferson died in youth. John Green died in 1924. He had a girl, Eva Green. Hiram Green, brother of Eligah Green, has relatives living around Boonville and Hackebury, Oklahoma. Dick Green, another son of Eligah Washington Green, married and had four children. Ollie Green Mason and Ola Green Motsinger's Grandfather was Eligah Washington Green. Eligah was a wheelwright. He made Looms, spinning wheels and chairs. Some of these are still around in Harmony, Mississippi. Eligah Washington Green is buried at New Harmony Cemetery in Harmony, Mississippi. Thomas Jefferson Green's wife, Mary Dulcinia Martin, was Ollie Green Mason's and Ola Green Motsinger's Mother. Mary Dulcinia Martin Green remarried after Thomas Jefferson Green's death.She married Henry Shanks.They had two children, Elizabeth and Dollie Shanks. These girls were half-sisters to Ollie Green and Ola Green. Mary Dulcinia Martin's Mother, Melinda Martin, married a man by the name of Terry. Mary Duleinia Martin and John Martin went by the name of Terry, as the other Terry children did. Ollie Green married Harve William Mason, whose father was Arthur James Mason. His mother's last name was Smith.They lived in Vincennes, Indiana, (Arthur James Mason and Wife). Arthur James Mason and wife had four sons, Harve William, Roscoe, James and Arch Mason. They also had three daughters, Sophronia, Rose and Minnie. Arthur James Mason, Harve William Mason's father, was a rural mail carrier. He froze to death carrying the mail. Ollie Green and Harve William Mason had five children, Three girls and two boys. The girls were named Orpha Dulcinia, Yetta May and Helen Lorena. The boys were Robert Edgar and Joe Henry. Harve William Mason, Ollie Mason's husband, died with typhoid fever in 1914. The two boys, Robert Edgar and Joe Henry died In infancy: they were found dead in bed. Yetta May died 30 days after her father, Harve William Mason. She also had typhoid fever. Orpha Duleinia Mason married Fred Wilson Kimball. Fred Wilson Kimball's father was Grant Harry Kimball. His mother's name was Laura Wilson. Grant Harry Kimball and wife had five boys, Clydeo, Roy, Fred, Harry and Glenn. Helen lorena married Eugene Stout. END II. CIVIL WAR Mary Dulcina was born to Melinda (Newsom) Terry on 26 July, 1857 at Tippah County Mississippi. (1) Melinda's husband, Terry, probably left the family about 1840, but before 1846. The reason he left is unknown. Then Melinda lived with Valentine Martin, who is Mary D's father. Melinda kept the name Terry even after husband Terry had left the family and she lived with Valentine Martin, but was not married, so her children by Martin went by their mother's name, Terry, as did her Terry children.(3) Valentine Martin left the family in about April 1859 after John Terry was conceived. On 3 July, 1860 Melinda and Mary D. now three years old, lived in Lauderdale County Alabama.The post office was at Waterloo. Melinda's family consisted of James, Wiley, Sarah, Valentine, Thomas, Franklin, Mary D and John. We have no memories of Mary D's Civil War experience. However, Mary D was about three months shy of her fifth birthday when the Civil War started on 12 April, 1861. We do have history and personal diaries from Civil War times. She probably lived near some of the major battles fought in middle Tennessee, N.W. Alabama, and N.E. Mississippi. Mary D may have heard reports similar to these brief summaries of the Battle of Fort Donelson, The Battle of Shiloh, and The Siege of Corinth given below: THE BATTLE OF FORT DONELSON (4) Fort Donelson is located on the Cumberland River north of Humphreys County Tennessee. February14th, 1862 dawned cold and quite. Early in the afternoon a furious roar broke the stillness. Union gunboats arrived at Fort Donelson and began exchanging "iron valentines" with the Confederate heavy artillery. The Gunboats suffered such damage that the decks became slippery with blood. The strong artillery bombardment from the Cumberland River bluff crippled the ironclads forcing them to retreat. At daybreak the following morning, on a snow covered battleground, Southern forces launched a vigorous attack but failed to escape the clutches of Grant's Army. On February 16th General Buckner felt compelled to accept Grant's ultimatum, "No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted." Union casualties estimated at 2,331. Confederate casualties estimated at 15,067. THE BATTLE OF SHILOH (5) The North's army was camped between the city of Shiloh Tennessee and Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River just east of Shiloh. The South gathered their army at Corinth Mississippi, two days march to Shiloh. The South launched a surprise attack on the North on the morning of April 6, 1862. What followed was 2 days of intense fighting at places like Shiloh Church, Sarah Bell's peach orchard (Hornet's Nest), and near the landing. This Battle left 23,746 men killed, wounded or missing in action - 13,147 lost by the North and 10,699 lost by the South. After the second day of fighting the South concluded it could not drive the North from their entrenched positions, so they retreated back to Corinth. Mary D, five years old, may have heard hair rising stories like this one from Ambrose Bierce:(6) Ambrose described the Shiloh battlefield that he saw in the early morning of the third day. "...all the wretched debris of the battle still littered the spongy earth as far as one could see, in every direction. Dead horses were everywhere; a few disabled caissons, or limbers, reclining on one elbow, as it were; ammunition wagons standing disconsolate behind four or six sprawling mules. Men? There were men enough; all dead, apparently, except one, who lay near where I had halted my platoon - a Federal sergeant, variously hurt, who had been a fine giant in his time. He lay face upward, taking in his breath in convulsive, rattling snorts, and blowing it out in sputters of froth which crawled creamily down his cheeks, piling itself alongside his neck and ears. A bullet had clipped a groove in his skull, above the temple; from this the brain protruded in bosses, dropping off in flakes and strings. I had not previously known one could get on, even in this unsatisfactory fashion, with so little brain. One of my men, whom I knew for a womanish fellow, asked if he should put his bayonet through him. Inexpressibly shocked by the cold-blooded proposal, I told him I thought not;..." Ambrose noted that it was now clear the enemy had retreated to Corinth. The battle was ended and the North had won again. THE SIEGE OF CORINTH (7) Following the Union victory at Shiloh, the Union armies moved into position to lay siege to the town of Corinth Mississippi. They launched a preliminary bombardment and maneuvered into position for the battle. But that night, May 29-30, 1862, the confederates evacuated Corinth, withdrawing to Tupelo. The Federals had consolidated their position in northern Mississippi. On October 3-4, 1862 the South attempted to retake Corinth from the Union forces. But after a bloody battle where the south suffered casualties of 4,838 and the North's causalities were 2,359, the attack failed and the North remained in control of Corinth. After the North won these and other battles, they controlled and occupied the area. The Northern occupation was a very stressful time for citizens who supported the Confederacy. A few of the memories from "Alice Williamson Diary " are copied here. Alice lived at Gallatin Tennessee and wrote her diary in 1864 when she was 16 years old. These horrifying tails may be similar to what Mary D, now 8 years old, was told or experienced. March 2nd "Snow four inches deep, no winds and the air is quite pleasant, just cold enough to skate." March 3rd "Snow all melted and weahter fine." March 12th "Yesterday (Old Payne, a union officer) went up the country a few miles to a Mr. Dalton's whose son came home from the Southern Army the day before and had the same day taken the Amnesty Oath... Riding up to the door he enquired of Mr. Dalton if his son was at home but before he answered his son came to the door... (Payne) then told him to get his horse and go with him. After insulting the father he carried his son a half mile away and shot him six times. One of Payne's escort hearing the young man groan with pain placed a pistol to his temple and remarked, I will stop that, sir, he shot him again. But this is nothing new this is the fifth man that has been shot in this way, besides numbers that have been carried off by scouts and never return. " April 1st. "Unusually cold for this month; rainy and windy." April 6th. "Payne is himself again. A few days ago he went to Mrs. Princes with a young gentleman of elegant appearance and demanded said gentleman's baggage. Mrs. Prince told him it was not there and that she had never seen the man before. The stranger vowed he had never seen the house or lady before. Payne said he would carry the 'feller' back to jail and he should share the fate of 107. He has never been heard of since." April 7th. "Another soldier was shot yesterday. The yankees went to jail and brought him while a citizen was standing near. He said the soldier was very poorly clad but his countenance was that of a gentleman.When the guard brought his horse to him (a broken down one from the camp) he asked what they were going to do with them. On being told to "Mount that horse and say no more ..." he did so remarking that he supposed they were going to shoot him. They took him to the river to shoot him but finding some gentleman there ... went somewhere else. When they carry them out to shoot them they given them a worn out horse and tell them if they can escape they may: they say they "have fine fun chasing the boy with fresh horses" April 8th "The young man that was shot Friday was from Sumner but no one can find out his name... They say he wore a look of calm despair. The Yankees pretended that they were tired and sat down on the side of the road but made the soldier stand in the pike: he stood with arms folded across his noble heart (for well I know he was a noble Southron and eyes bent toward the ground as pale as death while the yankees taunted him with such remarks as 'I will have his boots;' another would name something that" he would have. April 27th "Sis has just come home from Mrs. Lanes: while there she visited the grave of the stranger soldier who was shot Friday. The yankees took his coat and boots off and put him in the grave without coffin or wrappings of any kind." May 3rd (solders) "burnt a school hous last night it was a contraband school. They said they will have none of that while that stay here" June 10th "The country is overrun with Yanks: they are camped in the woods in front of us and have already paid us several visits killed sheep, goats and chickens Our new yankees are very neighborly. They come over to see us every few minutes in the day. Some came today and demanded their dinner at two o'clock but did not get it. They went off cursing us for being d__n rebels" June 15th "In all the doings of the Yanks their fiendish acts today will ballance them all. They brought a man in today and hung him up by the thumbs to make him tell where he came from: he told them but they would not believe him. He fainted three times. They took him down at three o'clock to shoot him...They would neither give him food or water though he begged for the latter often." June 16th "The man that was brought in yesterday was shot today without any charge only that the Yanks believed him to be a spy. He was an irishman. Capt. Nicklen shot him today at 11 o'clock" Aug 25 "The yanks have just left with one of Pa's horses they swore it was a government horse and took him off." Sept 19 "Cold and windy: every one has fires" Sept 27th Tom Miller is to be hung Friday week for resenting an insult offered his mother by a yankee. He has been in the penitentiary a long time. His mother has gone to Washington to petition for a pardon. END III. CORNING ARKANSAS On 29 July, 1870 Mary D, now 13 years old, lived in Hardin County Tennessee. The post office was at Savannah. Melinda's family consisted of Thomas, Doctor Franklin, Mary D and John. Thomas Jefferson Green was born in Franklin County Alabama. Both he and his father, Elijah Washington Green, fought for the south in the Civil War. Thomas was an officer and there is a picture of him in full uniform. About the year 1877 Mary D married Thomas Green. She was about 20 years old and he was about 30.(1) In 1880 Mary D and her husband, Thomas, were living in Waverly, Humphreys County Tennessee. Thomas was a blacksmith, and she was keeping house. They had one daughter, Oleva, born 17 Aug, 1878. Later, on 29 December, 1880, a second daughter, Ollie Melinda, was born in Saltillo Tennessee in Hardin County. A third child, a boy named Cubby, was born, but he died in infancy. Maybe Cubby was short for Cuthbert. About the time Cubby died, Mary D lost her husband, Thomas, to death. Thomas' brother encouraged Mary D to move and live near him at Springfield Missouri so he could help take care of her and her daughters, but Mary D choose to marry for the second time. She married Tom Watt. Watt had older children from a previous marriage, and these older children were mean to Oleva and Ollie. Even though Watt was a "rich man" fully able to provide well for her, Mary D left him and moved her family to Corning Arkansas. There is a family tradition that Mary D had to walk a long distance, with young girls in hand, while on the trip to Corning. Mary D came to Arkansas to live near her brother John Terry, who lived at Corning. Valentine 'Tine' Terry, older brother, would follow abt 1890. He lived at Trumann Arkansas. Both brothers were really Martins who went by their mother's last name, Terry, because Melinda Terry and Vaentine Martin never married. Mary D settled in Corning in the year 1885 when Ollie was four years old. After settling in Corning she bore a child by Tom Watt, but it died in infancy. Ollie said Mary D made her living washing people's clothes:(2) WASH DAY:(3) It's breaking day now so I am going out to start "wash day" by building a fire under the kettle, feed the chickens, and gather the eggs. The kettle is a large cast iron container, very heavy, oval shaped like half an eggshell, but much larger - holds about ten gallons of water. Wood must be chopped, carried, and stacked around the kettle. Got all that done and the fire started and the kettle set, so now to the pump to pump water to fill the kettle. Now to gather up the clothes, be sure the girls are off to school, and haul the clothes outside to start my wash day. Now lye soap is added to the hot water, and the first batch, the overalls, goes into the kettle. Overalls are always first because it takes them so long to dry on cold days. Now to the wooden paddle and start stirring, never makes a difference how cold it is out here washing clothes you get hot as blue blazes standing over this dang old wash kettle. Time to pump more water and haul it to the to the wash tubs for rinsing. The overalls are about ready, but of course I will have to use the scrub board on some of the stubborn stains, oh my poor knuckles will be raw and bleeding before this day is over. I take my paddle and start lifting the clothes out of the kettle's boiling, soapy, water and put them in the wash tub to rinse and rinsing is done by hand even in this cold weather. Got the wash board, so now I am down on my knees over the wash tub (rinse water) scrubbing away at these stains, I wonder what this one is, probably tobacco juice that the man of the house let drip down his face. Well got that done, so now I am putting in the second wash of the day, had to build my fire up some. Wringing these overalls out by hand is hard going but it has to be done and also washed clothes must be hauled to the clothes line and hang up to dry. Well time to get another batch out of the boiling lye water, grab my paddle and start dipping them out. Build up the fire some more and dump another batch of clothes in the pot. Dad gum it, the girls got stain on their school dresses again, so that means back to the scrub board. Got that batch scrubbed, rinsed, wrung out, and hung up to dry. I wonder if there are any women left in this world but me. Someday when I get caught up with all this work, I'll just go to town. Well I am going to take this last batch of clothes out of the kettle and put them in the rinse water and leave them be till after dinner (12 O'clock.) After diner and the last of four loads of wash is scrubbed, wrung, and hung out to dry, the kettle must be emptied of dirty water washed out and made ready for the next "wash day." Mary D not only washed clothes, but she also ironed and starched them. Among the items for starching were men's shirts, pillowcases, petticoats, aprons and children's pinafores. Starch was mixed by making a paste of a product similar to cornstarch adding the necessary amount of boiling water, then thinning it to the required consistency. Starched items needed careful and painstaking attention. After starching items were dried, then dampened by sprinkling with water, then rolled tightly and left over night to be ironed on the next day after wash day.(4) The ironing day started by building up the wood fire in the cook stove for heating the irons. Often a fire had been started in the cook stove to prepare breakfast, so Mary D just took the poker and stired up the colds and added wood. Once an iron was hot, a handle was attached to it and the ironing day began. When an iron became cool it was returned to the stove for reheating and another hot iron was picked up with the handle. Mary D made her own lye soap out of lard, lye, and heat. Also she made her own lye. Lye was made from the ashes left over from the wood stove. Water was poured through the ashes and the liquid lye siphoned off. Lye is an extremely caustic agent, so Mary D had to be careful to have just the right concentration. Too much lye would cause the soap to burn the skin, but too little would keep the soap from hardening. Mary D may have made lye soap after a hard day of washing clothes. She mixed lard and lye in the Kittle over an open fire, and stirred for hours with a long-handled paddle. It is said that when the paddle stuck straight up, the soap was ready. Lye soap was then poured into a metal pan and allowed to dry and harden; a process that could take from two weeks to one month. After the lye soap hardened, it was cut into smaller bars for everyday use. Mary D probably used lye soap to clean everything from her and the girl's faces to their laundry.(5) On March 16, 1887 Mary D Watt bought lot number 11 of block 98 in the town of Corning for . Ollie said that Mary D said, with the help of God and people she was able to built her a two room house on her lot. Ollie said, Mary D sent her daughters to school. Mary D could not read or write, but her daughters could. Public school education came to Corning in 1877. The first school building had two rooms and was located on the west side of Fourth Street between Olive and Vine streets. About the time Ollie and Oliva went to school a wing was added to the west side. Now there were three rooms opening into a hall. The rooms were heated by a wood burning stove. A pitcher pump provided drinking water, and water to wash face and hands. The outside toilet was located on the west side of the school lot. Ollie and Olvia lived just 4 1/2 blocks from school, however, the girls had to cross the town ditch, which flowed diagonally from North to South across the East side of the school lot. The ditch never ran dry, but Ollie and Oliva were able to step across the ditch except during high water. There was a bridge over the ditch where it crossed Vine Street, so the sisters used the bridge during high water.(6) Henry Schenk and Mrs. Mary Dulcina Green were married in Corning Arkansas May 23, 1889. He was 39 years old, she was 30, Ollie was 9, and Ola was 11. They lived at 809 West First St. There is a picture and article about the house and family written by J. M. Oliver Jr published in the Courier in 1974. Notes for Mary D. are contenued and combined with the "Notes for Henry Schenk." NOTES I WRITTEN FAMILY HISTORIES II CIVIL WAR 1. 1880 census states Alabama, 1900 census states Mississippi. 2. See Tennesse 1850 census for Valentine Martin. 3. See Orpha Kimbal's Family History 4. See "CWSAC Battle Summaries." 5. See "The Battle of Shiloh Official Records and Battle Descriptions" 6. "What I Saw at Shiloh" by Ambrose Bierce. 7. See "Wikipedia the Free Encyclopaedia." III CORNING ARKANSAS 1 Mary D's first child, Oliva, was born 17 Aug, 1878. Mary D bore 6 children. The Marriage date is by inference based on birthday of Olivia and 1900 census report that Mary D bore 6 children, and they are all accounted for. 2 See "Ollie Mason's History of Events." 3 Adapted from Paula Howard Thompson's "Wash Day." 4 5 I found on net, but lost record of the site. 6 "Corning Cavalcade" J. M. Oliver, Jr..

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Mary (Neal) McFarland[14] From: <> To: <> Subject: McFarlands Date: Monday, August 05, 2002 1:11 AM Dear Jerry and Mary, Mary Neal Cox married Robert McFarland, SR. in1805, after her husband, Wm.Cox I died. She had one child named Leannah Cox who was born in 1776. R oberthad l2 children. Then they had 7 children. Robert was bor n in VA or NC, moving with his family t o Wythe Co., VA, then Jefferson Co., TN. In 1800 Robert had 400 acres of land in present day Hamblen Co., TN. Between l810 and 1819 Robert was the guardian of the t hre e minor children of William Cox I. I believe Robert's fat her was Benjamin McFarland. Mary's father was Benjamin Neal and her mothe r was ElizabethLooney. The 5th child of Robert and Mary was named Henry Benjamin Franklin McFarland. In 1841 he married Sarah Moriah Louisa Cox,. the daughter of William Cox II. Robert was an oifficer in the Continental Army at the Battle of Kings Mountain in South Carolina in 1781, under the command of John Sevier. Robert also served in the militia when presentday T enn. was a part of the T errit ory South of the River Ohio.Robert cFarland was one of the first settlers of Jefferson Co., TN. He made a crop at the head of the Nolichucky River in 1782, east of Dandridge, TN. The next year he moved his family there.Thomas Jarnigan transferred his grant from NC to Robert on t he 23r d of April 1785. Robert McFarland was one of the important leaders of Jefferson Cop., TN.He was appointed the first sherifff in 1792.H e served in this capacity through l8900. Robert was an Indian fighter and a friend and fellowsoldier of John Sevier. He died in Chattanooga, Hamilton Co., TN. I do notknow why Rev. Pharaoh L. Cobb thought Leannah Cox was the daughter ofJames Cox of Boone's Creek. I have no records of any Mabry's, whose Eva was supposedly the second wife of James Cox. Yes, Robert McFarlandI had a son named Robert by his first wife. ONe ot her son was namedWm. M. This is from a reliable source who is now deceased. Ido not know what her husband has done with her research. But a mutual relative in Bellingham, WA, may have it. She is writing a history of that area, as Galbraiths were some of the early settlers there. Dr.Ben McFarland was the 5th child of Robert and Mary.He marred the daughter of William Cox the 2nd. Robert McFarland's father may have been Benjamin McFarland. He seelted on the north bank of the French Broad River above Dandridge in l783. He was a member of the first grand jury of Jefferson Co. In 1800 he owned 1,167 acres of land. To change the subject i have writ ten to Frances Butler Nance in Salem, OR, asking ifshe knows anyt hing about a Nance Family Bible, or if she knew Murrell Stone whoowned it about 30 years ago. Each year she and her husband make a trip back to T N for a reunion.She also corresponds with Joseph Sullivan, a Nance researcher, as well. He lives in Oak Ridge, T N.Perhaps Ethel Stone will respond to my recent letter. Are you stillmaking a trip to Nashville? Good Luck! Best wishes. Love, Maryand Vince.

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Melinda Newsom[15] Direct knowledge of Mary Dulcina's ancestry has not been found in the public record. Therefore, inference is used to find some facts about her. Inferences are based on the following traditions and census reports: 1. Green and Wills family traditions, one of which is: Mother of Mary Dulcina is Melinda Newsom. Lizzie Schenks Wills called John Terry uncle John. So he is Mary Dulcina's brother. 2. 1900 census for Poinsett County Arkansas. Family memories point to Tine (Valentine) Terry of Truman Arkansas as Mary Dulcina's brother. Mary Dulcina cannot be identified on any census before 1880, but Valentine Terry can be found. Not only is he on the pre 1880 censuses, but he appears with Malinda Terry. Therefore, Mary and John on census reports with Valentine and Melinda are our Mary D and our uncle John Terry. 3. 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses which connect Valentine Terry with his mother, Melinda Terry and his father Valentine Martin. 4. "Ollie Mason's History of Events." 5. Orpha Mason Kimball's "History." Aunt Orpha told me the source for her History came from conversations with Olivia. Olivia corresponded by mail with the Green family that remained in Tennessee after Mary D and other Terrys came to Arkansas. Olivia let Orpha read some of these letters. So it can be argued that both Ollie and Olivia left written histories that outline the facts presented here. While their accounts differ in some respects, both are mostly consistent with the public record. MELINDA NEWSOM by jerry Cox Mary Dulcina named her second daughter, with Thomas Green, Ollie Melinda after her mother, Melinda Newsom.(1) Melinda was born about 1810 in Tennessee.(Melinda gave her age as 35 in 1850, age 49 in 1860 and age 60 in1870 census reports.) In about 1830 she probably married Charles N. Terry. The Bedford Co Tn 1840 census show children and adults with ages corisponding to what is known of Melinda and her children in the home of Charles N. The 1840 Census records Valentine Martin living in Bedford County Tennessee. The ages given for the oldest male and oldest female in his family, that is 40 to 50, shows Valentine living with his wife, not Melinda, who was about 20 years younger than Valentine. Children born to Melinda before 1840 are Charles N's children with Melinda. Charles N left the family, reason unknown , between about 1840 and 1846. (Did Melinda leave Terry to live with (not marry)Valentine Martin? There is no evidence to support this theory, but Melinda did go by the name Terry for the rest of he life? The census indicates Melinda lived with Valentine Martin starting between 1840 and 1846.) Valentine Terry, born to Melinda and Valentine Martin in 1847 in Tennessee, went by his mother's name, Terry, as did all the Martin Children.(2) Melinda and Valentine never married. Melinda went by the name Terry for the rest of her life, or at least until 1870, because she did not marry Valentine Martin. I have no knowledge of Melinda after the 1870 census. Orpha Kimbal noted in her Family History that the Martin children went by Melinda's name, Terry, as did all the Terry children.(3) Seems Malinda conceived Valentine Terry in Bedford Co Tn and he was born there in Tennessee in Feb 1847, then she and Valentine Martin moved to Tippah County Mississippi. On 9 July 1850 census Melinda lived in Tippah County Mississippi in the home of Valentine Martin. Melinda gave Mrs. Terry for her name. Melinda Terry is found on the 3 July 1860 census for Lauderdale Co Al. Names of four children on the 1860 census match the children on the 1850 census, solid evidense that Melinda Terry and Mrs. Terry are one and the same person. Martin family history records that Valentine Martin moved back to his family and died there in 1859. If so then, Valentine Martin left Melinda after she conceived son John in about Apr 1859. Valentine Died 2 Sept 1859. Since John Terry was born in Wayne Co Tennessee, seems after or when Valentine Martin left the family, Melinda moved from Mississippi to Tennessee where John was born 2 January 1860, then she moved to Alabama before the census was taken on 3 July 1860. The evidense connecting Melinda Terry to Valentine Martin is strong. However, just one more point along that line: Three children appearing on the 1860 census with Melinda Terry are Valentine Terry, Mary Terry, and John Terry. I have direct knowledge of them. Mary Dulcinia Terry is my grandmother's mother. Valintine Terry lived at Truman Arkansas and the two families visited each other. John Terry lived in Clay County Arkansas just a couple of miles from Mary Dulcinia and grandma Lizzie Wills called him uncle John Terry. Grandma and her half sisters, Ollie and Oliva, said that these Terrys were fathered by a Martin. On 29 July, 1870 Melinda was a farmer living in Hardin County Tennessee with personal property valued at 5. Her family was Thomas, Doctor F, Mary, and John. Mary is unemployed; the occupation of the other children is farm hands. I have no knowledge of Melinda after the 1870 census. NOTES 1. See the death certificate of John Terry. Also, several of the grand children of Mary Dulcina reported that Mary D's mother was Melinda Newsom. 2. The 1860 census for Lauderdale County Alabama lists Melinda Terry and close by Wiley Terry, a 21 year old farmer. The children for these two homes are James, Sarah, Valentine, Thomas, Franklin, Mary and John. The 1850 census for Tippah County Mississippi names Mrs. Terry living in the household of Valentine Martin. The children, all named Terry, are Elizabeth, James, Wiley, William, Valentine and Thomas. Mrs. Terry can be connected to Melinda Terry by the match of James, Wiley, Valentine, and Thomas, all children appearing on both census'. Mrs. Terry's age is given as 35 in 1850 making her birth about 1815. 3. Aunt Orpha is quoted out of context here. She indicates that Melinda married Martin first, and then Terry came second. However, the census record shows Melinda married Terry first, then lived with Valentine Martin, but did not marry him..

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John G Pulliam[16] John Pulliam and his wife, Elizabeth Sherrod, and their children were in Ripley County as early as 1846 when son Thomas married Nancy Ann Gullick. A grandson, Benjamin Franklin, was born in Ripley County on Jan 22 of that year, which indicates the Pulliams were in Ripley County as early as 1845. --- At the the time of the 1850 census John, Alonzo and William were living with John and Elizabeth. Thomas and Nancy were living next to them with two children, Willaim and Russel. Also living nearby were Barney and his first wife, Malinda, with their first three children: William, Jonathan and Elizabeth. Benjamin and his wife, Lida, were nearby with their four children: Theopolus, Leonides,, Benjamin and Thomas. Mary had married John Keel and she and their two children, William and Elizabeth, were living in Ripley County. Sarah had married William Parker and she and her their three children , James, Zilpha and Elizabeth, were also living in Ripley County." Submitted by Conrad Hudson. In this same publication Frieda M Wallace reports: John and Elizabeth came to Ripley County about 1842 from Tennessee. They had moved to Tn from NC in 1833. All of their children, except Willaim, were born in NC. Willian was born in Knox County TN. John J/Gorg's ocupation is farmer on the 1860 census.

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Paralee Rutha Roberts[17] "COTHAM-REDUS - As a child, Jean Redus looked with great anticipationto visits from Granny. She brought with her a small bag of corn candy,her latest Perry Mason mystery, and stories of Ma and Pa and home. Maand Pa were Paralee and Alfred Cotham and home was Ripley County, Missouri. Granny was quick to correct Jean's pronunciation of the family name... it's COT'ham, not COTH'am! Alfred and Paralee came to Ripley Countyin the late 1870s from Perry County, TN. According to their daughter Estelle, they settled about four miles south of Gatewood. Just downandacross the road was the Washington Jackson Redus family. They came toRipley County about the same time from Alabama, by way of Tennessee and Illinois. At the age of 15, Alfred's youngest daughter Tela, fell in love with Arthur, age 20, the youngest son of Wash and his first wife, Mary Mahan Redus. They were married in the home of the bride's parents on the 27th of July, 1906. The marriage license listed the address as Celynda. To this short union were born three children: Leila, Neile Clyde "Bob," and Perry Arthur. Arthur died Sept. 28, 1911 in his father's home. Jean's father, PerryArthur Redus, was born two months after the death of his father. Granny told many stories about life in Ripley County. She spoke of her early school days. The term was only four months long. The teacher was supposed to stay one month with four families, but according to Granny, it seemed the teacher always ended up at their house! In 1978 Jean visited this area and was shown anold cistern still standing that was used at the 'Cotham School." Granny often talked about the hours she and Arthur spent reading to each other.He would walk several miles to borrow a book, and they would read long into the night, knowing he would have to be up before dawn to go towork hauling logs. She talked of the different political beliefsof Alfred and Wash, and the "spirited discussions' they had. The women finally made a rule of NO POLITICAL DISCUSSIONS in the house! Although Alfred did not discuss his early life, Granny said he had fought in the Civil War on the Union side. He had attempted to remain neutral, but was drafted into the Confederate Army. He left the first night stating,"It is not right for one person to own another person.' He later joined the Union. Years later, copies of Civil War records documented thisstory. Alfred was a devout Baptist. He was a charter member and church clerk for the New Lebanon Baptist Church, according to the originalchurch minutes dated August 1886 when the church was reorganized. Alfred died at Poynor, Ripley County on July 20, 1922 and is duried in Tucker Cemetery. Paralee came to Creek County, OK shortlly afterthis to live with her daughters. She died Nov 3, 1930 and is buried in SunriseCemetery." Submitted by Jean Redus Davidson to "History and Families Ripley County Missouri est 1833".

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Hance "Hans" Schenck[18] Family tradition holds that Hans is a son of John and Mary Schenks. Bu t, John and Mary would have been aged about 16 when Hans was born. The probate records for Mary Schenks do not list him as an heir, when all her other surviving childen are named. Also see the Courier, 24 Nov, 1911, "Henry Schenk Visited his uncle, Hans Schenk, at Minturn first of the week, it having been 10 or 12 years since they saw eachother". Henry is a son of John and Mary Schenk, so Henry's uncle may be John's brother. In 1896 the Courier reported, "Walter Cloud died last Sunday afternoon at the home of Hans Schenks. He had been ill with pneumonia and congestion for several days prior to his death and was a patient sufferer, not giving up until the last day, when he said he felt very badly. He was an employee in the stacking department of the stave factory under Hans Schenks who is foreman of that department ..." 1900: Hans and Anna lived at or near Corning Ark. He was a yard forman at a stave factory. 1910: Hans and Anna lived at Minturn Ark. He was a labor at a headingfactory. 1920: Hans and Anna lived at Des Arc Ark. He was age 74 and working as a stave grader at a stave mill.

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Johannes "John" Schenck[19] NOTES - JOHN SCHENK (1830 - 1890) by jerry Cox Family surnames like Duke, Baron, Bishop, and Schenk were titles conferred upon dignitaries in medieval times. The name Schenk means "cup bearer" . The name came from the verb schenken, meaning "to pour out". Kings had their cup bearers. In the Bible, Nehemiah, while exiled to Babylonia, was the king's cupbearer. The cup bearer was always a noble, and the office was sometimes hereditary. The cup bearer was called the Schenk of the household. In some kingdoms, the Schenk held the first rank in the royal household. He had charge of household arrangements, was the king's chief attendant, and acted as master of ceremonies. One of the duties of the kings's Schenk was to taste the wine before it was served, to guard against poisoning the king. This was done by pouring the wine into the hand, not into a cup as expected. The name is always pronounced Shenk in high German and sometimes Shank elsewhere. In our family we were cautioned not to pronounce or spell the name as Shank. John Schenk is my gg-grandfather. He was born 4 Dec, 1830 and was named Johannes Schenck. John's mother is Anna Katherina Wagner. John's father was also named Johannes Schenck. This Johannes Senior was a master fisherman; probably he was a commercial fisherman on the River Main. The Schencks probably lived in the Sachsenhousen section of Frankfurt am Main, which is south of the River Main as it runs through Frankford. They may have lived near the River and near Dreikèonigskirche, the three kings church. John Schenck's fiance, Maria Katherinia Heildelbach, now 20 years old, bore a son by John on 11 Jan, 1851 in Frankfurt am Main Germany. Most German men did not marry before the age of 30 because they had to be able to prove that they could support a family before they were allowed to marry. Maria was a house maid from Alsfield in Gross-Hesen. She was born 9 Feb, 1830. Her father is Johann Lorinz Heidelbach, a day labor, of AlsfieldGrossherzogthem (Grand Duchy.) He died at that place. Her mother, the surviving widow, was Elizabeth Katharina Bower. Maria is legitimate. John and Maria named my g-grandfather, Johann Heinrich Schencks. We called him Henry. John and Maria left their young son, Henry, in Frankfurt/Main with his grandmother, probably Anna Katherina. 19 Oct, 1854 John and Maria sailed out of Hamburg into the North Sea on the ship Aurora bound for Australia. The captain was Johann Meyer. Christeen (1) said: John Schenk left Germany to search for gold in Australia. But that is probablly not completely accurate. Ships records show John's occupation was Vine Dresser or Vineyard gardener. And about this time land owners in the Moreton Bay region of Australia were trying to establish a wine industry. The government was paying a bounty to emigrants with skills at vine dressing John and Maria arrived at Moreton Bay, later this area was named Queensland, Australia on 30 Mar 1855 - the trip had taken almost 5 1/2 months. (FHL film 1363625 Index to immigrant arrivals, 1848 to 1859 Queensland Family History Society) The ship, Marps, sailed from Hamburg headed for Moreton Bay at about the same time as the Aurora in 1855. The number of passengers on the ship, Marps, to start was about 270, but about 25 would die during the voyage. Folks from Britain and Germany set off to try to make a better life in Australia, then a new country. But as well as their hopes they also brought their diseases such as smallpox, cholera, and typhoid, that could ravage whole communities. There was no fresh food on board. Meat was preserved by packing in salt. The menu for Johannes and Marea on Aurora was probably similar to the menu on Marps, which was: Sunday, 1/2 lb of salt beef and plum pudding. Monday 1/2 lb of salt pork, potatoes, and sour cabbage. Tuesady, 1/2 lb salt beef and peas. Wednesday 2 salt herring per adult, potatoes, and beans. Thursday, 1/2 lb beef, rice, and treacles (A kind of molasses used as a remedy against poison). Friday, 1/2 lb of salt pork and potatoes with peas. Saturday, 1/2 lb of barley per adult and plums. In addition each week anadult received 5 lbs of bread, 1/2 lb of butter, and 1/4 lb of sugar.There was 31 lbs of coffee stored on board that was for all passengers.Medical comforts for the whole voyage was 80 bottles of wine, 6 lbs of arrowwood, 40 lbs of sago (a powdery starch baked into a knid of bread or pancake. Also makes a kind of pudding.), 60 lbs of oatmeal, and 4 hogshead of vinagar. No milk, spirits, no lime juice, no clothing, and no soap. In 1824 to 1839 the Moreton Bay region of Australia was used as a penal colony by England. The cons did much of the physical labor of preparing the land for emigrants that came starting in 1838. Just 16 years later our Schenck family came. John and Maria lived much of their lives on or near a frontier. Starting there is Australia and ending at Corning Arkansas, where just about 10 years before John and Maria arrived that town had just began to grow. In 1858, 3 or so years after the Schenck family arrived in Queensland, gold was found at Canoona, a sheep station north of Gladstone in Queensland. This place is about 450 miles north of Moretin Bay. Perhaps John joined this gold rush and enjoyed some success, as our family tradition notes he had some money he made in a gold rush in Australia. This gold field, like others, was rough and premative. However, disorder and lawlessness was not a major problem. This region is near the tropic of Capricorn, Temperature ranged from 68 F to 72 F year round. Rainfall was plentiful in the winter and sufficient in all seasons of the year. Maria had son, August, in Queensland, Australia on 1 Aug, 1855. At the same place, John Jr came along 17 Jan, 1862. Also at the same place Katharina Barbara arrived 7 May, 1864. The fact that all of the children were born in Queensland indicates John may not have joined the gold rush, but instead worked and lived in Queensland while in Australia. However, Christeen said John found gold, and had some money during his life in America. Orpha (4) said, Henry was 13 years old, this was in 1864, when the old woman, his grandmother, took him to Australia to join his parents. But they missed connections as John and Maria had sailed back to Frankfurt. So soon after the birth of Catharine, 7 May 1864, John and Maria and children sailed back to Frankfurt. So sometime in the summer of 1864 Henry was probably reunited with his mother and father is Frankfurt. After their return to Frankfurt, Maria and John (now old enough to marry) were married in a civil ceremony: Frankfurt/Main's Civil Registration of Marriage records that on Friday, 30 Dec 1864, here were married Johannes Schenck to Maria Katharina Heidelbach. Johannes was a local citizen and master fisherman, born 4 Dec 1830, son of master fisherman Johannes Schenck and Anna Katharina Wagner. Anna was from Alsfeld, Grossherzogthum (Grand Duchy) Hessen, born there 9 Feb 1830, legitimate daughter of day laborer Johann Lorenz Heidelbach (deceased at that place) and his surviving widow Elisabetha Katharina Bauer. Witnesses to the marriage were Georg Leichum and Heinrich Klein, local citizens and master fishermen. John and Maria's illegitimate children, born in Queensland Australia, were legitimized at that time. The children were August, John Jr, and Katharina Barbara. Also Henry was born illegitimate and was legitimized by this marriage of his parents. At this time Frankfurt/Main was a city in Prussia. After the Napoleonic Wars ended in 1815, there were many states like Prussia, Darmstadte, Austria and several others organized as a confederation under Austrian leadership. It came to pass that a federalist movement developed to resist Austrian control. Prussia, including Frankfurt/Main, joined in the movement. In 1862 Prussia put is place a conscription serviceplan, which required citizens to serve a military term of three years of active service. The troops were continually drilled and trained. Christeen said John Left Germany to avoid subscription into the army. Sometime in the summer of 1866 the John Schenk family went to Hamburg. This trip may well have been by railroad, as Prussia had a well developed railway system by this time. They boarded the ship Saxonia, which first sailed to Southampton England, then to America. They arrived in New York 21 August 1866. Henry, August, John Jr, Catherine, along with John and Maria were on board. Meanwhile back in Prussia In June and July of that same year the "Seven Weeks War" was fought for control of the confederation. Prussia won and the nation of Germany was established. Following is a story excerpted from a newspaper that tells about a trip from Germany to America taken two years after John and family sailed to America: "My grandmother came to live in America with her family in 1868. When I was young I wrote and asked her to tell me about her trip. She had a strong German accent and she wrote the same as she talked. This is part of the letter she wrote: " wont me to tell somthing about my trepe over the ocent, well ther is not much to tell. you know I was only 13 yars and children dont think much, they tack tings the way they com. Well we left Germana the first of March 1868. We were put on the shiepe in the afternoon and the stemer leftet ancher rigte away befor we were settelt in our bunk and wen we wen on decke we could see no land ennmore but we were not on the Atlantic Ocean, but in the North See. But the see was as smuthe and calm as a floor. Ther were 900 people on board and all were afried to get see sicke. "They told everrybody to always walk aginist the wind then we would not get see sicke so everrybody tris it, but before long a Rushian wrapet in a big baer fur stept to the ballester and wammiet, everrybody laught at him, but it didn't tack long, one after another don the same thing and i dit to so soon the daek was empty, all to sick to stay up. "Next morning we wer in Liverpol England. There we stopt 24 ours and tuck in proveshen. "Well next day we went on our treep to America, there were lager waves than in the North See. It was quite interesting to seat and watch the waves and people, some were laughen , some were crying (They were home sieck alrady). Some were singing, some plaid the accordian, some the franshharpe, and then some were dancing and so you see it was not lonsom, and we were feeling pretty good. "After the first 3 days were over ( the see sicknes lasted 3 days) (but mother was sick from the first day to the last), we hat better eating than we were yust to but we hat to go to the kietchen to get it and we hat no table to eat at. Eatch one tuck ther plat on ther lape. We got sup in a bucket, vegetables and meat in a pan and puding in another pan (all dishes were of tin so they would not break) and we hat to get our ohn dishes before we left Hamburg (that was in the contrackt) and our on betting. "Well the first week wen alright, but then one day men cam down with roops and tied the trungs to the bunks; some one askt wy they they do that, they said the trungs mait slied and somon get hurt but other men cam and scruet havey iron caps over the littel round windows and lichet up the laterns, they were askt what was up. O they said not match we only etspakt a pocket ful of wind tonighth, and it shur was more than a pocketful. "The wind comesens to howl something fiers and the shipe roolt from one sied to the other, somthime it feeld as if it stut on its haed, somethime on its tail end. It was tirrible, some of the women scrimt, sompraed, som mond, on one slept. It was (torn paper) to make a person crase. (last line is torn away. But may say that the storm lasted 3 days,but ) they got yust to it.The storme tore away some of the ballester and don other damage wen the storme was over the men fixt up thew the damage and we could go omn deck agin and it was nice weether til we came to America. "But the day before we landed the pielot came in a small size boot to pielot us in to the harber and the shipe stopt not fair from the island, I think it was Staten island wer they quarrentien people. The docksters came on bord and we were all exsamet, then we wen on to harbor were we were unlodet and all the trunks and boxes opent and exsamet. Then they tuck us to Cassel Garden were they capt us for 3 days till an emegrand train was rady to tack furder in the contry. Emegrand trains were not so expenses as the regular passenger trains but the emegrant trains were so slow it tock us over a week to get from New York to Hanibal, (Mo) and we wer almost daid for som sleep. "Well I could see no differns between here and Germana only we could not understand people, But ther were German people everry were to help us along . Most of the trainmen spocke Gereman. "Shipes are larger now, the wont roll lick the on we cam over in. The prise was for stirresh, 0 for Missouri cabin" Beginning about 1832 there was much German immigration to Belleville Illinois. By 1870, 90% of the population of Belleville was German. On 11 July, 1870 John and Maria were living in West Bellville. John is marked as being a citizen of the U.S. His occupation was coal miner and Maria was keeping house. The value of their real estate was 0, and the value of their personal estate was 0. John was born in Prussia and Maria was born in Darmstadt. Their family is listed as Henry, my g-grandfather, a coal miner age 19, August a coal miner age 16, John age 8 at home and he attended school, Catharine age 6 at home, Elizabeth age 6 months at home and born in Illinois. By 11June,1880 John had moved and was living on the County Farm in the township of Poplar Bluff Missouri. His occupation was keeper (maybe of the farm). His family consisted of wife, Mary age 51 keeping house, son August age24 a farm laborer, son John age 19 a farm laborer, daughter Lizzie age10 at home, daughter Catherine Stuckman age 16 at home, daughter-in-law Anna Schank age19, and daughter Rosa age 6 months.(5) Also livingonthe farm was: Florist-Martha H who was blind: ---- Hemby, she was insane: Charles Eitel who had his feet off. John and Maria moved to Corning Arkansas before 15 Nov, 1884, because on that date Miss Katie Schenk age 20 and G. W. Sites age 24 were issued a marriage license at the court house in Corning. They were married the next day by B. H. Sellmeyer. (Marriage record Book A, p168) Some say John owned a hotel at Corning. On March 26, 1886 John Schenk paid 0 for the Northwest quarter of the Southwest quarter of section 6. in township 20 North of the base line Range 5 East lying on the East side of the track and right-of-wayof the St Louis Iron Mountain & Southern Railroad in Clay Co AR. And on June 26, of that year he paid 5 for the Southwest quarter of theNorthwest quarter of section 6 Township 20 North Range five East lying on the East of St Louis Iron Mountain & Southern Railroad not already deeded to the firm of Wendel & Worthlin.(6) Then on 17 October,1889 John and Mary sold this property to John Hodgan for 0. A 5 profit over 4-1/3 years for John and Mary. Out of site of John, Mary swore that John did not unduly influence her to agree to sale the property.(7) 11 Nov, 1886, John Schenk Jr. age 23 made his mark on his marriage record in courthouse in Corning. He married Miss Mary A. Rudy age 18. Jan 25, 1888, John Schenk bought a Jesse French Organ, style 300 number 44360. From the mortgage book at courthouse in Corning see "For value received I promise to pay to the order of Field, French Piano and Organ Company" (Of St Louis Missouri) "Sixty Dollars with Eight percent interest per annum from date. Said principal and interest payable in installments of five dollars each and every month beginning February 10th, 1888 - Said payment to be forwarded to the place the holders of this note may from time to time direct, by Post office money order or draft at my expense. John Schenck" The mortgage document further states that John can use and enjoy the organ. But if he does not make the payments on time the organ and stool can be removed from his residence without his written permission. (This purchase may be by John Jr. The record just shows John, but John Sr. was in the habit of paying cash.) 18 Nov, 1889. John Schenk paid Y. G. Taylor and wife 0 for the West half of the Northeast quarter of the Northeast quarter of section 1 township 20 North Range four East. 25 acres more or less. (8) "I John Schenk of Corning Clay County Arkansas being of ill health but of sound disposing mind and memory do make and publish this my last will and testament. I do hereby give to my wife Mary Schenck all my property of any and all kinds and descriptions owned by me at my decease, after the payment of my debts. ... 17th day of March 1890". F G Taylor signed the document for "John Schenk" at the request of John.(9) In Corning Cemetery John's tombstone was engraved, John husband of Mary, born 4 December 1830, died 17 March 1890. (I viewed the stone about 1980, but it was gone in 2001. Gus' and Kate's stone were still there. They are buried in section 6, go through the arch on the South side, it's on the right close to the arch.) 29 April, 1890, Mary Schenk comes to the court to offer for probate the last will and testament of her husband John. 6 Jan 1891, Mary Schenk bought lot 8 on block 21 in the town of Corning from Sheeks Stephens Store Company. She paid 0 cash and agreed to pay on each of the dates: 15 Aug 1891,15 Feb, 1892, 15 Feb, 1893. A final payment of was due 15 Aug, 1893. The interest rate was 10% per annum. I belive Mary had just bought a butcher's shop.(10) Mary sold a black mare to Anton Mager. Mary was to receive a payment of plus 8% per annum interest twelve months after 30 Jan, 1892 . Mary was to keep the mare until the payment was made. Filed at the courthouse for record Feb 1st 1892 at 10:30 o'clock A.M. and recorded in the Mortgage Book. June 9, 1892, Mary Schenk bought Lot 2 on block10 in the town of Corning from Dennis McKay for 0. Mrs Mary Schenk bought at Klien & Rosenblume Dec 24, 1892, a table cloth, , 4 pr of hose $.80. On Jan 17, 1893 she bought a cook stove for .50, a heating stove for .75, stove pipes for .60, one __?__pump for .50, and a dish pan for $.40. Mary paid on her bill and charged the balance of .55.(11) From Ferguson & Wheeler dealers in GENERAL MERCHANDISE and manufactures of Hardwood Lumber, Cypress, Dimension Stuff, Piling, Etc, on Mar 14, 1893 Mary Schenk bought chops (chicken feed) .50 and hay .25. On Mar 16 a pump fixture for $.15. On April 12 hay for .25. On Mar 17 coffee $.50. On May 20, shoes .50 and rushing $.20. This dayMary paid .65 on her bill and had a balance of .70.(12) Mar 21, 1893 Mary saw Dr. C.C. Symonds charge . " 22, " " " "" . "Hypesockes". Also got cough med $.25 " 25 " " " "" . Also got med, but no charge. May 15 " " " "" . " 16 " " " " three times. Charge . " 17 " " " " two " " . " 18 " " " " Three " " . " 19 " " " "" "" . " 20 " " " " one time. Charge . The Dr. gave Mary .25 credit for meat. The balance on her bill was .(13) May 20, 1893 Mary saw Dr C C Cymonds for the last time. For on that same date W. F. BARNES Undertaker, and Dealer in Furniture, Sash, Doors and Wallpaper, charged the Mary Schenk estate for one Coffin. $.50 for one bottle of fluid . for corpse to cemetery.(14) Mary died intestate. Her heirs were, John Schenk, Henry Schenk, and Floto all of Corning Ark, Minnie and Birdie Sietz of St Francis Ark. 25 July, 1893, Sheets, Stephens Store Company and C.C. Symonds filed application to the court to appoint an administrator for the estate of Mary E. Schenk, deceased. (Mom and Chris said her name is Mary Elizabeth. Grandma Mary Elizabeth (Schenk) Wills is named after her).Thomas B. Barker was appointed. Later T.B. Backer had the court rent out Mary's property, the income to be used to pay her debts.(15) Mary's book accounts totaled .49. Pat Martin owed her . Cox owed $.42 1/2. Mrs. Barnett owed $.47. J. Hays owed $.17. Mrs. Floto owed .87 1/2. "unreadable name" owed .55.(16) 17 Feb, 1894 T. B. Barker sold, at auction, Mary's personal property.To Henry Barnhill, who settled by note: 8 rolls of wrapping paper, $.80. 1 set of blocks with rope, .50. 1 sausage grinder, .00. 1 sausage stuffer, $.25. 1 meat saw, .25. 1 paper rack, .35. 1 cleaner and scraper, $.85. 2 cleaner and scraper, .25. 3 knives and steel, .50. 1 lot of meat pins, $.25. 1 ice chest, .75. 2 "unreadable" $.10. 1 lard press, .75.m 1 kettle, .10. 2 tables, $.50. To John Hertle, who settled by note: 1 pr large scales, .75. 1 grind stone $.55.1 pr small scales . 1 lamp, .25. 1 sausage grinder, $.50. 1 screen and hanks, . 1 meat rack, $.15. 1 "unreadable" $.60. 2 meat blocks, $.50. To W. B. Snodgrass 1 lot of beding settled by note, . To C.W. Brownlee, who paid cash: 1 show case, . 1 stone, . 2 chairs, .25. 1 cheese case, $.05. To Henry Schenk, who paid cash: 1 money drawer, $.60. To Mr. Young, who paid cash: 1 grind stone, $.25. To J. H. Duggins, who paid cash: 1 lamp, $.50. 1 sewing machine frame, $.10. Total .20. However, this amount was insufficient to pay Mary's debts.(17) From the "Clay County Courrier": "ADMINISTRATOR'S SALE. Notice is hereby given that I, the undersigned administrator of the estate of Mary E. Schenk, deceased, will on SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23.1895, offer for sale at the courthouse in the town of Corning, at public auction, to the highest and best bidder, all the real estate of said Mary E. Schenk, deceased. or so much thereof as will be necessary to satisfy the ineptness against said estate, said property being situate as follows, to wit: Lot 8 in block 21 storehouse thereon and lot 2 in block 10 with dwelling house thereon, situate in the the town of Corning, Arkansas, upon a credit of eight months, purchaser to give bond with approved security. T. B. BARKER Administrator. January 30, 1895"(18) 23 Feb, 1895, at the auction, George Beecher bought lot 8 and the store thereon for 1. Lot 2 and the dwelling house was then sold to Miss Anna Barnett for 7. But the estate of Mary E. Schenk, deceased, was not finally settled until 24 July, 1900.(19) NOTES 1. Christeen, daughter of James Waterson Wills 2. The gold rush in Victoria, Australia was in 1850. 3. 1870 & 1880 Federal Census. 4. Orpha (Mason) Kimbel - Ollie (Green) Mason - Mary Dulcina (Martin)Green Schenk 5. The census records Rosa a daughter of John and Maria. But I wonderif Rosa is the daughter of Anna? Maria would have been aged 50 or51 when Rosa was born. Is Anna August's wife? 6. Deed Record bk B, Courthouse in Corning 7. Deed Record bk D, 8. Deed Record bk D, 9. Will Book, Courthouse in Corning 10. Deed Book G, pg 92 11. Probate Records for the estate of Mary E Schenk, deceased, courthouse in Corning. 12 ibid 13 ibid 14 ibid 15 ibid 16 ibid 17 ibid 18 ibid 19 ibid.

Needs Name for Source Page


Johann Heinrech "Henry" Schenk[20] NOTES for HENRY SCHENK 1851 - 1829 by jerry Cox One time teenager Christeen(1) was helping Henry fix "supper". She was frying the potatoes and spilled a few slices onto the floor. She was very frustrated and feared that now there would not be enough for all to eat. Henry quitely retrieved the spilled slices, dusted them off, returned them to the frying pan and reheated them on the wood cooking stove, saying no one will ever know the difference. Henry told Christeen that when he was married to Cordelia they lived on the outskirts of Poplar Bluff Missouri. Once when carpentry work was hard to find, they were on short rations. A pig from the open range wondered onto the property back of their home. Cordelia said, I'm hungry lets kill that pig. Henry was fearful, but hunger weakened him so he went along. They buried the waste deep to prevent scavengers from digging it up. They hid the meat well until the last bit was eaten. Henry was born 11 Jan 1851 in Frankfort-on-the-Main Prussia, which is now named Germany. He was the illegitimate son of Maria Heildelbach and Johann Schencks. Johann and Maria were engaged and lived togather until they married at Prussia after they returned from their sojourn in Australia. Henry's legitimacy was established by the marriage. Many German men did not marry before the age of 30 because they had to be able to prove that they could support a family before they were allowed to marry. Maria was employed as a housemaid at the time of Henry's birth. She was 20 years old. Henry's name is Johann Heinrich Schenck. He was baptized on 17 Jan 1851 at Dreikèonigskirche, three kings church, in the Sachsenhausen section of Frankfurt am Maim Prussia. Orpha Kimbel (2) said, when Henry was young his father and mother, John and Maria, went to Australia to search for gold. (Ship's records state that John went to Australia to work in the vineyards, a new farming project just starting up at that time. However, John did do gold mining while he lived in Australia.) They left Henry in Frankfurt-on-the-Main Prussia with John's mother, Anna (Wagner) Schenck. (3) Anna raised Henry. He remembered playing on large rocks along the River Main. He was 13 (1864) when Anna took him to Australia to join his parents, but John and family had already sailed back to Frankfurt. However, Henry was reunited with his family in Prussia sometime in the summer of 1864. Henry sailed to America with his family and arrived in New York 21 Aug, 1866. Henry and family landed in Bellville Illinois. On July 11,1870 the census taker visited the John Schenk family in West Bellville Illinois. Henry was listed as a son, 19 years old and employed as a coalminer. Henry moved to Poplar Bluff Missouri in about 1874.(6) Henry and Cordelia Jackson were married in Poplar Bluff on 17 November, 1879. The service was by J.R. Cramh, Justice of the Peace. Henry was 28, Cordelia was about 16. In 1880 they lived in Poplar Bluff. Henry was a house carpenter. Cordelia, who was born in Illinois, was keeping house. Sometime between 1880 and 1887 Henry moved to Corning Arkansas. How his relationship with Cordelia ended is not known, but it did end. 11 Nov, 1886, John Schenk Jr. age 23 made his mark on his marriage record in the courthouse in Corning. He married Miss Mary A. Rudy age 18. December 10, 1887, August and Henry Schenk paid George Rudy and wife, Annie, 0 for the Northwest quarter of the Southeast quarter 20 acres off East side of the Northeast quarter of the Southwest quarter of section 35 township 21 North Range 4 East containing 60 acres more or less. September 3, 1888. August and Henry Schenk paid G. I. Tyner 0 for the Northwest quarter of the Southeast quarter and 20 acres off the East side of the northeast quarter of the Southwest quarter of section 35 township 21 North Range 4 East containing 60 acres more or less. (Deed Record bk D p415) Henry and Mrs. Mary Watts, nee Green , were married in Corning Arkansas May 23, 1889. He was 39 and she was 30 years old. They lived at 809 West First St. There is a picture and article about the house and family written by J. M. Oliver Jr published in the Courier in 1974. Hans Schenks marrierd Annie Taylor, April 16 1889. She was 18, he was 43. John Schenk, Henry's father, died March 17, 1890 and is buried in Corning Cemetery. The stone was inscribed, John husband of Mary. Henry Schenks and Mary D. bought lot 12 in block 98 in the town of Corning for from H. J. Weindel & wife on 8 Apr 1891.(The spine of this Deed Book was torn off, so the letter is unknown. pg 262) Henry and Mary sold lot 12 in block 98 to Klein & Rosenblum for . Both Henry and Mary appeared before the Clerk of the Court at 2:30 P.M. on 7 Sept,1892 to record the sale. Where, out of the site of Henry, Mary swore Henry did not influence her to sale her "dowry". (Deed Record book F, Corning Courthouse) Mary C. Schenks, Henry's mother, died 20 May, 1893. (The doctor saw Mary on this date and the undertaker charged her estate on the same date. See Probate Records of the estate of Mary Schenk, deceased) Hans Schenk married Annie Mullens August 28, 1893. He was 46 and she was 23. 17 Feb, 1894 Henry attended the auction sale of his mother's personal property and bought her money drawer for $.60 cash. 2 Feb, 1895, Geo Gussler to Hans Schenk for . 1/3 cash, balance in payment one year after date with 8% interest per annum, lots 7 & 8 in block 96 of Geissler's addition to town of Corning. (deed bk l pg445) 2 Feb, 1895, Geo Gussler to John Jr Schenk . 1/3 cash, .66, and balance in one year for .33 with 8% per annum interest. Lot 7 block 95 of the Geesslie's addition town of Corning. Debt was not paid in full until 26 Apr, 1896. (deed bk H pg 438) 14 Nov, 1896, Geo W. Black & wife, Rosy, to John Jr Schenk for the S half of lot 8 in block 95 Giesler add to town of Corning. (deed bk l pg 426) In 1896 the Courier reported, "Walter Cloud died last Sunday afternoon at the home of Hans Schenks. He had been ill with pneumonia and congestion for several days prior to his death and was a patient sufferer, not giving up until the last day, when he said he felt very badly. He was an employee in the stacking department of the stave factory under Hans Schenks who is foreman of that department ..." 3 Dec, 1898, Mary D. Schenk, nee Mary D. Watt sold lot 11 block 98 in the town of Corning to Alan Clagg for in hand and due 1 April1899. Mary D. made her mark. (deed bk l pg 427) 24 Jan 1898, John Jr Schenk and wife, Mary, to John and Mary Nuedermier for 0 lot 7 in block 95 and the S half of lot 8 in block 95 allin Geissler's addition to town of corning. Mary Schenk gave up her dower and homestead The Courier reported on Apr 1,1898: John Schenk Jr.'s little daughter, Mary, was bitten in the side of the mouth last Saturday by a dog belonging to Porter Larkin. Constable Potts shot the dog. the little girl's face would have been badly disfigured for life if not for the skillful surgical attention of Dr Simption. Christeen said: John Jr went to Bremerton Washington. Also lived in Seattle Wash. John Jr's son, Lewis, went to Juneau Alaska. One morning in the winter of 1899 when Henry and Mary awoke they were greeted with temperature of 18 below zero. Following that was six weeks of the coldest weather known in Arkansas. Outdoors business almost stopped, and people sat near the heating stove where a blazing fire kept them allmost warm. 1900 census: Henry and Mary were living in Kilgore Township, Clay Co AR. They owned their own home. Henry's occupation was stave sawyer. Mary was the mother of six children, four living. She was born in Mississippi. Henry's age and birth date are incorrect on this census. He was not born in 1855, he was born in 1851. Mary was 41, Lizzie was 11 and Dollie was 7. Henry worked as a stave sawyer for the Weindel Stave Mill until the mill left Corning. Sometimes he rode a mule to work, about two miles as the crow flies, on a path through the woods. The way was farther by road. He left home before sunup and returning after dark. His work shift began at first light and ended when it was too dark to see. Pay for labor was .50 for a 10 hr or longer day. While employed at the mill he homesteaded a farm located 1-1/2 miles N-E of Corning, where He and Mary, working on weekends, cleared 15 acres. Henry could read and speak, but not write English (1900 census). Christeen said, Henry helped out in the community as a translator. Mar 22, 1901, Henry Schenk paid 0 cash to D. Hopson for the northwest quarter of the southeast quarter and 15 acres off of the north side of the southwest quarter of the southeast quarter of section 29 township 21 north range 5 east. (Deed Book K pg 443) June 7,1901 "Clay County Courier" published in Corning : "RJ Jennings and wife of Mosher, Ark, were the guests of the latter's parents, Mr and Mrs Henry Schenk Monday." The Jan 30, 1903 Courier: "Mrs E K Flotow and children, who have been here since the first of the week visiting Mrs. Flotow's brother, Henry Schenk, and family, returned to her home in Jonesboro yesterday. Apr 9. 1903 Courier reports, "Mrs Hans Schenk and children and sister and others from Minturn are visiting in Corning, some having come up to attend the children's mask party and spend Easter here." Minturn is a town located a few miles south of Walnut Ridge Arkansas. The trip mentioned was almost certainly by Railroad Oct 30,1903 Courier: "Mrs. RJ Jennings, of Little Rock, is visiting her mother, Mrs. Henry Schenk, John Terry(9)and other relatives near town. Mr Jennings has a position as a locomotive fireman on the LR&FtS Ry. Feb 14, 1903, Henry Schenk and Wife to Harvey Mason for 5 cash and due in one year with 10% per annum interest for 15 acres off of the north side of the northwest quarter of the southeast quarter of section 29 township 21 north range 5 east. Harve made his mark. (Deed Book O pg235) 1 Apr,1904 Courier: "Mrs E K Flotow and two children of Jonesboro and RJ Jennings and wife of Little Rock left Wednesday, after a few days visit with their relatives, Henry and Hans Schenk, and their families." July1,1904 Courier: Madames Ollie Mason and Olie Jennings of Mosher and Little Rock, were visiting their mother, Mrs Henry Schenk, at her home a few miles north of town, a few days ago. Dec 6,1904 Courier: Bob Jennings was up from Little Rock visiting his wife, who has been at the home of her mother, Mrs, Henry Schenk, north of town for sometime. March 16, 1905 Henry borrowed from J M Sparks. The loan was due October 15, 1905. Henry Mortgaged one pair black mare mules about 10 years old. Also my entire crop of cotton and corn grown on my farms or elsewhere in Kilgore Township in said county and state during the year 1905. (mortgage book courthouse in Corning) 7 June, 1905, Hans and Annie E. Schenk for 0 to J. M. Lindsey lot7& 8 in block 96 Geissler's add town of corning. (deed bk L pg 169) Oct 27,1905 Courier: Harve Mason and family, of near Mosher, moved this week to their farm adjoining Henry Schenk's place, a mile northeast of town. Mr Mason is a son-in-law of Mrs Henry Schenk. R J Jennings, the other son-in-law of Mrs Schenk, was here with his family last week from Little Rock. The Courier reported: "It was quit a shock to Mr. Shank's family last Saturday morning when a message was received form Little Rock stating that Bob Jennings had been killed. He and Mrs. Shanks went to Little Rock Saturday evening. While there Mrs. Shanks was taken quite Sick and was brought home Monday morning. She is better at this writting." But it was not to be: 9 Feb 1906 Courier: " Mrs. Henry Schenk, died at her home two miles northeast of Corning last Saturday morning. Mrs Schenk had been in failing health for the past month, and the shock of her son-in law R.J. Jenning's death which occurred in Argenta, two weeks ago, caused her to grow worse. Mr. and Mrs. Schenk went to Argenta and returned the next day, and she was confined to her bed from that time until her death. Her remains were interned in the Corning cemetery last Monday afternoon. For monuments, iron fence, coping, etc call H. R. Osborn & Co., and save middleman's profits. All work cut and erected by experienced marble cutters. Mrs Olie Jennings, who lately lost her husband and mother, Mrs Henry Schenk. the former being accidentally killed by the cars at Argenta and the latter dying at her home near Corning last Saturday, wishes to express her thanks to the many kind people who lent assistance during her bereavement, both at Corning and Argenta." Also from the courier this news from "BLUE SCHOOL HOUSE:" "The snow puts a cover over the earth and makes it good sleigh riding for the boys "The death angle visited this neighborhood last Sunday morning, taking Mrs Schenks from our midst. She leaves a husband, four daughters and two grandchildren to mourn her departure. She has gone to a better world. She called in the neighbors and friends Saturday night to hear them sing and pray once more. She was buried in the Corning cemetery Monday afternoon. The family have the sympathy of their many friends." Christeen said: R, J. stepped off a train in the path of an oncoming train and was killed. Mary Dulcina , who was already sick, insisted on attending his funeral. Then she grew much worse and died. Dink Motsinger (Dink - Ola Green Motsinger - Mary D Green Schenk.) said grandmother Mary Dulcina was a saint and no finer person has lived on this earth. Feb 20, 1906. To Sheeks - Stephens Store Company, Henry mortgaged all the crop of cotton and corn or other produce which I may raise or in which I may in any manner have an interest for the present year 1906 upon all on my own farm in Clay County Ark., said crops to be not less than ten acres planted in cotton and 6 or 7 acres planted in corn. One brown mare mule about 10 years old. One second hand set of harness and one Thimble Sken Wagon. On 1 June, Henry substituted one pare black mares, 9 or 10 years old, for the mules. The debt was due Oct 1, 1906. (Abstract of Mortgage Bk D, Corning Courthouse) April 7, 1906, Henry borrowed .00 from Ola Jennings, his step daughter. The loan was due April 7, 1907. He mortgaged six red and white cattle consisting of two cows and four yearlings, known as Henry Schenk's cattle. All marked with half crop in the right ear and an under half crop in the left ear. The loan was satisfied in full Oct 12, 1906.(mortgage book, Corning Courthouse) May 11, 1906 Courier " Henry Schenk and daughter-in-law Mrs Olie Jennings, went to Little Rock Wednesday morning to look after interest for the latter." May 7, 1910 Courier: "Henry Schenk has recently remodeled his residence." Henry's sister, Miss Lizzie Schenk age 21 married Ernest Flotow age 31. This was on 3 December, 1890 in Corning Arkansas. (Marriage Record Book B. p 325). Christine said Earnest was a well educated man with a good job. Later, he left Lizzie because she was a slob, who did not keep the house clean. Earnest entered a sawmill business and was never heard from again. Lizzie lived on the east side of Corning on a corner lot, diagonal across the street from Ola Motsinger, who also lived on a corner lot. 1910 Courier: "Wm T. Tant. 18 years of age, had a thrilling experience Saturday afternoon when he successfully made an ascension in a balloon, but was unable to cut loose from it with his parachute. The balloon swooped down at a rapid rate, alighting between the housetop and a tree in a yard of Mrs. Ernest Floto. Tant's cries for help could be heard for blocks and those who heard them were badly frightened. Mrs. Robinson , who lives in the Floto house fainted, when she saw the young man's predicament. Reports were circulated that the balloon had set fire to the house, adding consternation among the already frightened people, but the report was untrue. The ascension was pronounced the best ever given in Corning and was witnessed by probable;y 2,500 people. Tant was unhurt." Mom said Aunt Lizzie Flotow moved to Doniphan Missouri. While living there she came down with cancer of the stomach. She became very ill, suffered severe pain and could not eat. The doctor advised her to go to the hospital for better care. She refused and suffered greatly before dying on May 30, 1939. On June 1 she was buried in Corning Cemetery. Aunt Lizzie Flotow's children were, Mary Watson, Ruby Flotow, and Earnest Flotow Henry's granddaughter, Mary Lucille, was born 28 Dec, 1912. At this same time Henry's old mare bore twin colts. When a neighbor asked how the the new born was doing, Henry said, why, they are just fine, and Mary and Lizzy are doing good to.(10) Feb 21, 1913 Courier: Ben Brock has bought a farm from Uncle Henry Schenk and is clearing it up rapidly. After Mary Dulcina died, Henry's son-in-law and daughter, James and Lizzie Wills, lived with him on the farm he and Mary D. homesteaded. Later the farm was sold to a man named Poor, and the place was known as the "Poor Farm." Then Henry lived with Jim and Lizzy until his death. Apr 3, 1914 Courier: Henry Schenk and his son-in-law, J. W. Wills have been cutting some fire wood for uncle Henry Johnson and A. R. Clark, with their gasoline power saw. Feb 26, 1915 Courier: Uncle Henry Schenk and J W Wills are building a barn for Dr Oliver. Sept 14, 1915 Courier: Henry Schenk severely mashed 2 or 3 of his fingers in a sorghum mill, one day last week at his farm north of town. One year Orpha had no Christmas presents under the Christmas Tree. So Henry took the last money in his pocket and bought his step granddaughter a bracelet. Orpha so valued her memory of Henry and the thought behind the gift that she kept the bracelet until late in her life when she gave the story and the bracelet to Shirley. (Shirley Kimble Cordes-Orpha Mason Kimble - Ollie Green Mason - Mary Dulcina Martin Green) 1924 Courier: "Henry Shank was royally entertained by his many friends and neighbors on last Sunday, January 11, in the home of Mr and Mrs J. W. Wills, the occasion being his 75th birthday anniversary. Shanks is one of the oldest citizens of Corning, he having come here from Belleville, Illinois 50 years ago. The guests present were Mr and Mrs Roy Kimball, Mr and Mrs Fred Kimball, Mrs Ollie Mason, Mr and Mrs George Walker, Mr and Mrs Bryon Plough and their families, Miss Ida Dotson, Mrs Lois Estes, R I Hill, Mrs Gladys Silkwood of West Frankford Illinois. A fine dinner was served and a pleasant afternoon spent. All left wishing Mr Shank many more birthdays." On Saturdays Henry would take a granddaughter, Mary or Christeen, with him and they walked to Corning. Henry spent the day visiting with his step daughter, Ola Motsinger and other relatives and friends. Then that evening attended the moving picture show, which he enjoyed very much. Christeen said Henry always wanted to return to Germany for a visit, but could never afford the trip. Mom Said, Henry suffered from "kidney failure"; and he walked to the doctor in Corning for treatments. Henry died 2 July 1929; the Courier reported: "A LOCAL PIONEER RESIDENT DIED LAST TUESDAY MORNING: "Henry Schenk, aged 74 (s/be 78), one of Corning's early citizens passed away at the home of his son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wills, four miles north of Corning last Tuesday at 4 A.M., from Bright's disease. Henry Schenk was born at Frankford, Germany Jan 11, 1855." (s/be 1851) He emigrated to the United States ... (false sentence omitted) ...and after residing for a short time in northern cities, located in Corning. He was among the first employees of the Weindel Stave Factory in Corning and remained with the factory until its removal from here. Funeral services, in charge of Eld. G. N. Jones of Moark, were held at the Wills home, Wednesday morning and interment was made in the Corning cemetery. Surviving are his daughter Mrs. J. M. Wills, two step daughters. Mrs. Ollie Mason and Mrs. Ola Motsinger and a sister Mrs. Elizabeth Flotow of Corning, and a brother John Schenk of Seattle, Wash. Henry Schenk was highly respected by all who knew him, and during his half-century residence here, he formed a wide circle of friends both among the old and the young, who deeply regret to learn of his demise." Henry enjoyed visiting with friends who spoke German. Henry and Eld. Jones, who spoke German, were good friends. Now and then they got together and visited all Sunday afternoon speaking only in their native tongue. Henry attened the church in Moark where Eld. Jones was pastror. After Henry died he was "laid out" in grandpa Jim Will's home by Williams School. Eld. Jones came to the home and conducted funeral services. The casket was loaded on the wagon for the four mile trip to Corning Cemetery. Family tradition holds that Hans Schenk, Henry's uncle, is buried in a poor man's grave in Little Rock Arkansas. After Henry died Hans wrote to grandmother Lizzy, stating he was having hard times. He asked Lizzie to send him Henry's clothes. Hans worked as foreman at the stave factory in Corning and other good jobs, but now was too old to work and was without means of support. He lived at a home for old folks too old to care for themselves. The home provided food and bed, but not clothing. Lizzie packed the clothes in a pasteboard box and sent them off. It was not easy to raise the shipping cost, as the farm community was in a deep depression long before the stock market crash of 1929. 1974 was the Centennial year for Corning. The Courier printed an article entitled "Pioneer Home in Lower Corning", written by J. M. Oliver Jr. This was the home of Mary D. and Henry. A picture taken of the home showing several family members was printed in the paper. Those shown included Mary D and Henry. J. M. Olver Jr knew Henry and had this to say about him: "Henry was a pipe-smoking Dutchman and a close look (at the picture) reveals the ever present pipe in his mouth." ... "Uncle Henry, who always retained his Dutch accent, if he were alive today to view this publication of the old scene, would take his pipe out of his mouth and say "by golly" ... to express his pleasure at this long ago picture of the family group." NOTES 1. Christeen is the daughter of James Waterson Wills and Mary Elizabeth Schenks Wills. 2. Orpha (Mason) Kimbel - Ollie (Green) Mason - Mary Dulcina (Martin), Green, Schenks. 3. Also see notes for John Schenk. Information about Frankfurt/MainS; C/M can be found at Hessen - Archives 4. No naturalization was found, but see 1900 census. 5. Christeen and J. M. Oliver Jr. said 6. In 1924 the Courier reported that he was there for 50 years. 7. Dink was the son of Oleva Mae (Green) Motsinger 8. Once I asked Lorena, Ollie's Daughter, where Aunt Ollie was born. Lorena thought a moment, then went to her closet, searched, and found an old legal paper signed by Ollie stating she was born in Satillo Tennessee. 9. See picture in a 1974 Courier. Also see article written by J. M.Oliver, Jr. 10. There is a picture of Henry and other family members and the colts. 11. John Terry is Mary Dulcina's brother (family tradition and pubvlic rercord). Grandmother Mary Elizabeth (Schenk) Wills called him Uncle John Terry. On the 1920 census his mother and father were born in TN. John Terry was born 1 Jan,1860. He died 5 Apr, 1923. His wife was Zadie.

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Mary (Stone) Cox[21] Continues: Mary Stone lived on Boone's Creek in Watauga frontier from about age 10 until she married William Cox. She came to Boone's Creek with her father, William Stone. Her mother (unknown) may have died by this time. From "Dawn of Tennessee Valley and Tennessee History:" William Bean, first settler in Tennessee, removed to Watauga in 1769. Soon (maybe 1770) William Stone and other neighbors and relatives of Bean from Pitslyvania County VA and adjoining counties gathered about him. William Stone was with the folks who settled this land fartherest West, for 1770, and laid the foundation upon which the state of Tennessee would be built. William Stone, his relatives, and friends "... came on their own initiative, not as pawns of men of large affairs under whom "to have and to hold." They ventured fourth against governmental edifices, relying upon their rifles, axes, hoes and their good right arms in subduing the wilderness into places of abode for themselves and their families." (As to possible Cox relatives of ours: Edward Cox from Baltimore Co Maryland came in 1774. He located one mile northeast of Bluff City. John Cox Sn and Jr from Pits Co VA came in 1774-5 and located adjoining Wm Blevins. William Cox appears on 1774-5 survey of Fincastle Co VA, a place near Watauga.) From "History of Tennessee: The Making of a State" by James Phelan: The Cherokee Indians used these lands for hunting grounds and they hated the whites for moving in, killing their game and clearing the woods to make fields. They belived the land had been taken from them unfairly, and vented their rage through raids on the settlers aimed at killing as many setters as possible. The first settlers to a region came in groups.There was not much safety in numbers for groups of settlers, for the Indians just came with a larger group themselves, however, groups were more efficient at protecting themselves, building cabins and clearing woods for fields. Often a group of neighbors and relatives from Virginia and other places would come together to settle the new lands in East Tennessee. William Stone transported his house hold goods, including cooking utensils, on pack horses. If his wife still lived she rode a horse. Our Mary Stone, about 10 years old, walked beside the horse her mother rode, as did her older sisters, Susan and Dorcus. William and his son Robert and maybe son John depending on how old he was at the time, walked close ahead. The males carried a rifle on their shoulder or on the bend of their arms. A loaded and ready to fire rifle was needed to protect the family in case of an Indian attact and to kill game for food for the next meal. Some settlers carried, salt, sugar, coffee, tea, flour, clothes, and medicine. As well as smoked or dried deer meat, and bacon. Pigs and cows, if owned, were herded along. Virgin forest grew up to the banks of the Watauga River and its tributary, Boone's Creek when the Stones arrived at Watauga. A place on Boone's Creek was chosen for the Stone cabin. Mary helped her sisters and maybe their mother cut and clear the brush and piled it up for burning. William and Robert cut down the trees on the cabin site as well as on land chosen for the kitchen garden and corn field. They were " the midst of a wilderness so deep and so vast that the echoes from the strokes of (William's) axe sound as if they came from the bowels of the mountains that rose up in the blue perspective to the East and the North ...The woods echoed human voices. The prattle of (Mary's voice) was daily heard in the region which, till then, were familiar with no other sounds than the paltering of a falling acorn, the bark of a squirrel, the hoot of an owl, or the scream of a panther." William, Mary, and all stuck there despite ravages of wild beasts, accidents, floods, deadly diseases, capture or death at the hands of roving bands of Indians. But the sky was blue and often cloudless, the woods green, and the sun was often bright. A fine future seemed possible. If William had sufficient help he constructed a hewn log cabin, which was the best. Logs 8 to 16 inches in diameter were chosen and cut 10 to 16 feet in length, then were flattened on opposite sides with a broad axe. A dovetail was cut with axe or sawn with saw on the ends of the hewn logs. The dovetails, when joined together at the corners, made a very strong building. Mary helped fill the gaps between logs with wood blocks and shingles, then she packed the remaining gaps with clay and mud to make a very tight, weatherproof wall. The cabin was stocked with a washstand, water bucket and gourd dipper, beds, fireplace, table and three legged stools. Rifles, clothes and such hung from pegs in the walls. Partitions for privacy were formed by stretching deer, bear, and buffalo skins where needed. A floor for the abode was constructed by splitting red oak logs lengthwise down the middle with wedge and maul. (red oak with no or a few small knots is easy to split) The split logs were laid with bark side down and fitted closely together along the length to form a nice, almost smooth floor. The logs cut for constructing the cabin were selected from the cabin site or from land needed for the kitchen garden and corn field. Any trees that remained on these sites were killed by chopping a ring through the bark into the cambrian layer and around the trunk. The soil was plowed and a corn crop and kitchen garden was planted. However, the yield the first year was meager. That fall the trees had died and were dry enough to burn. Wood was piled around the trunk and set fire. The trees burned for days and days. The next year the crop yield was much better, because the corn and vegetiables did not have to compete for moisture and nutrients with the dying trees. William feed his family by hunting buffalo, deer, turkey, and other large and small game. A few years earlier Daniel Boone had built a hunting camp at the mouth of Boone's Creek (hence the name) and reported that game for meat and fur was plentiful. On his way to hunting grounds in Kentucky Boone occasionally passed through Watauga, where he spent the night with William Bean, a former hunting partner. The Bean and Stone cabins were no doubt near each other. Cherokee Indian raids and attacks were a major threat to the Watauga settlers. To protect themselves they built a fort at Sycamore Shoals on the Watauga River. In July of 1776 warnings came of an impending Indian raid. William gathered his family, Mary about age 12, and all took refuse in the fort. Some 150 to 200 settlers crowded therein. The fort was defended by about 75 men, including William Stone and son Robert, under the command of John Carter. "Cherokee warriors lead by Old Abraham arrived at the Fort in the early morning hours of July 21. The sudden appearance of the invaders surprised several women out milking cows, forcing them to rush to get back inside. One of them, Catherine "Bonnie Kate" Sherrill, the future wife of John Sevier, was unable to get back inside before the gate was locked and had to be pulled over the palisades by Sevier. The initial Cherokee attack lasted about three hours, with both sides exchanging gunfire. During the attack, several Cherokees managed to get close enough to the fort to attempt to set it on fire, but were forced back after Ann Robertson ... threw scalding hot water at them." Unable to take the fort, the Cherokee halted the assault and settled in for a lengthy siege. After approximately two weeks the settlers refused to surrender; the Cherokee lifted the siege and retreated. In the summer of 1778 (Mary was about age 14) a large number of Tories moved into Watauga region and began to plunder and murder. (A Tory was an American who was loyal to the English King, and fought against the American Patriots.) The citizens appointed a company of about 30 men under Captain William Bean authorized to adopt any means necessary to combat the growing evil. William Stone was one of the appointed 30. "Leaders in crime expiated their guilt by their lives. Several of these were shot; some of them at their execution disclosed the names and hiding places of their accomplices. These were in their turn pursued, arrested and punished, and the country was in less than two months restored to a condition of safety, and the disturbers of its quiet preserved their lives only by secrecy or flight.// Isam Yearley, a loyalist on Nollichucky, was driven out of the country by..." Bean's company "... The same company afterwards pursued a party of tories, who under the lead of Mr. Grimes, on Watauga, had killed Millican, a whig, (Patriot) and attempted to kill Mr. Roddy and Mr Grubbs. The latter they had taken to a high pinnacle on the edge of the river, and threatened to throw him off. He was respited under a promise that they should have all his property. These tories were concealed high up Watauga in the mountain, but Captain Bean and his whig comrades ferretted them out, fired upon and wounded their leader, and forced them to escape across the mountain." The evil threat was thus ended, and Bean's company was desolved. ÙCuÙDThe Annals of Tennessee To The End Of The Eighteenth Century. By J.G.M. Ramsey.ÙC/uÙD In 1780 American troops lead by John Sevier invaded Cherokee villages near American settlements in East Tennessee ravaging their crops and homes. Sevier's military action ended almost all Indian raids against the American settlers in the region. Also, Americans had won the Revolutionary War in late fall of 1779; William Stone was now able to establish home and fortune free from threat of war. Mary's life also changed: she, about age 16, was safe to enjoy activities such as flirting with boys and dating boys, leaving her home to visit friends and relatives, "skip-to-my-lou" into clearings in the woods to pick blackberries, all without fear of war or Indian raid. Watauga fell within Washington County, TN when it was formed in 1777. The Stones were active in the Baptist Church in Washington Co TN. Mary had a sister named Susan who never married. Susan lived with Michael Massengill and Dorcus after they married. She stayed in the home and cared for Dorcas' children after Dorcas died. Both Susan and Dorcas are buried in the Massengill cemetery on Buffalo Creek in Granger Co TN, according to the Massengill book. About age 17 in about 1781 Mary married William Cox. They may have lived over in Virginia across the state line from Watauga, since Jacob reported on the census that his father, Reed, was born in Virginia. Dudley born about 1780. William Jr. was born 26 May, 1782; And Reed was born about 1785. Soon after Reed's birth William and Mary removed to Mosey Creek, a tributary of The Holston River, in Jefferson County TN. (Stone family records report Mary Stone born 1764, daughter of William Stone, married William Cox and they moved to Jefferson County.) Mary also bore sons Hopkins in 1792 and James both in Jefferson County. The French Broad and Holston Rivers join togather just North of Knoxville to form the Tennessee River. Before 1780 Americans begain settling along these rivers, but the Cherokee Indians claimed these settlements were on part of their ancient hunting grounds, which had been unfairly taken from them by the Americans. The Cherokees raided the settlements and made life bitter for the settlers. In 1780 American troupes invaded Cherokees villages in and near the American settlements, distroying crops and homes. The Indians were left homeless, hungry, and without ammunition, even enough to hunt for food. Also Americans won the Revolutionary War in late fall of 1779. Now with the war over and the Indians no longer a major threat to settlers, Americans moved in to claim the land. Soon after Reed was born in Virginia in 1785, Mary and William Cox settled on the south side of the Holston River in Jefferson Co Tn on Mosey Creek. William may have built and opperated the second grist mill on the creek, Adam Peck having built the first. Michael Massengill, brother-in-law, settled across the river from William Cox on land which would later be in Granger County. Their father-in-law, William Stone, followed in 1796 to live near his family. He, like Michael, settled in Granger County. William sr acquired a vast expance of land along and south of the Holston River in Jefferson Co. His property extended West from around Mosey Creek for many miles. Son William Jr built his mansion and passed down to his decendents the mansion and many acres along Cox Branch (A tributary of the Holston.) This Cox family owned and farmed the land, once a part of William sr's property, until the 1960's. Reed lived on Beaver Creek, also a tributary of the Holston, which more than likely came to him directly or otherwise from William's original property. Obituary in the Knoxville Gazette, April 10, 1794."Mrs. Mary Cox wife of William Cox Esq. died in Jefferson County on the 12th ult." In the Allen Papers vol 3, no 10, McClung Collection, Lawson McGhee Library, Penelope Allen commented on Mary's death: "she was Mary Stone, sister of Dorcas wife of Michael Massengill of Grainger Co TN. Stones and Massengills lived on adjoining property on Boone's Creek in Washington Co TN" (Watauga.) Stone family history records show Mary was born 1764. William Cox married Mary Neal in Jefferson Co, Tn, on 5 Aug 1794. Cox family tradition notes that both Mary and William are buried on the Cox plantation in Jefferson County Tennessee - info that may have came down from Lula Belle. William died after he wrote his will "19th day of December 1804." Historians note that in those times men often sensed their impending death and many died soon after writing their will. William Cox had daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, born before 1780. Mary is not likely the mother of these girls. Mary may be the mother of Dudley who was born about 1780. (Dudley named two of his daughters Mary and Dorcus) Mary is certainly the mother of William Jr, Reed and the younger children born before she died in 1794. A Cox family theory holds that William was married to Mary's sister before he married Mary, but there is no memory or record of William being married before he married Mary. If not Mary, who is the mother of Mary and Elizabeth?

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William Stone[22] "Noteable Southern Families" Armstrong pp210-220 Penelope J. Allen as quoted in "The Massengill, Massengale, and Variants": Michael Massengill married Dorcas Stone, daughter of William Stone who came from Pittsylvania Co VA with William Bean. They (William Stone and William Bean) were early settlers on the Watauga. He:

was a tax assessor in Washington Co TN in 1780.
entered 468 acres on Boone's Creek.
was a member of Captain Bean's Militia in 1778 (see Ramsey's Annals of Tennessee, p179).
moved west, at the close of the Revolution, to a farm on Richland Creek, Hawkins Co TN, later changed to Granger Co.
took an active part in forming this county and
was one of the Justices of the County Court. "History of Washington Co TN." p504 -
(William Stone) attended the Watauga River Baptist Church, later named Sinking Creek Baptist Church. p336 "Massengill, Massengale and Variants".
(William Stone) is the father-in-law of Michael Masengale, and
the son of Henry Stone of Watauga.
(William) was a "...member of Wm Bean's company in campaign, 1778; captain Washington county territoral militia, 1790" from Dawn of Tennessee Valley and Tennessee History

573 WILLIAM STONE PIONEER (This report is quoted from a Stone Family History, however I lost my refernce note. I did not research or write any of it)

One of the earliest settlers of East Tennessee was William Stone, who lived almost two decades near Jonesboro before he came to Grainger County in 1796. The son of Henry Stone (1726) and Frances Read (1727), he was born around 1742 in Amelia County, Virginia. Little is known about his siblings, but the family moved later to Halifax County. There William married, in 1758, a young lady whose identity is unknown, and they had five children: Susan, 1759; Robert, 1760; Dorcas, 1762; Mary,1764; and John, 1766. William bought land on the Dan River and when Halifax was divided in 1767 it fell into newly-formed Pittsylvania County, where he continued to live for several more years. At some time before 1778, he and his family moved to the Watauga Settlement, which was then in North Carolina but later became part of Washington County, Tennessee. Local tradition says he came in 1769 or 1770, but the first preserved records of his being in Watauga date from 1778. In that year, as a member of Captain William Bean's company of territorial militia, he contributed to the Revolutionary War effort by helping drive the Tories out of the area. Then, on 28 December 1778, an order was issued to survey 570 acres he 'had bought on Boone's Creek. Later, in 1784, he received from the State of North Carolina a land grant of 486 more acres on the same creek. In Washington County, the Stones attended the Sinking Creek Baptist Church and William was active in local affairs. Besides serving as a juror, bondsman, administrator of estates and overseer of roads, he Was Tax Assessor in 1780 and by 1790 he was a Captain in the miliÙhtia. A good businessman, he also bought and sold land. His wife remains a mystery, Washington County tradition says she was a Bean, but no support has been found for this belief. Although some think she died in Virginia and that Susan and Dorcas managed the new household, there is no proof of this either. And if she did go to Watauga, she must have died there, as she did not accompany William and son Robert when they went to Grainger County in 1796. Prior to that time, the other children had left home. Dorcas married Michael Massengill in Washington County in 1779 and some years later they settled on Buffalo Creek, either when it was in Hawkins County or later when it fell into Grainger. Susan, who never married, is believed to have gone with them and when Dorcas died, she remained in the Massengill home and took care of Dorcas's children. Also in Washington County, around 1781, Mary married William Cox and they moved to Jefferson County, where she died in 1794, leaving children who were reared by Cox's second wife. John is supposed to have settled, at some undetermined date, in Claiborne County, where he married Susan Henderson and also had children. Thus, in moving from Washington County to Grainger, William was probably motivated by the desire to be closer to his extended family. Since he settled in the Blaine-Richland area and Susan lived in the nearby Buffalo Community, there can be no doubt that he saw her and his Massengill grandchildren often. He probably also had some contact with his Cox grandchildren in Jefferson County and with son John and his family in Claiborne County. Too, Robert, who settled closest to his father, married in 1800 and he and his wife Susannah Everett added more grandchildren to the clan. Exactly when in 1796 William came to Grainger County is not known. However, since Grainger was created on 22 April and the new County Court, at its first meeting on 13 June, granted William permission to build a grist mill on Richland Creek "on his land where he now lives," it would appear that he established his residence there at some time between those two dates. However, it is possible that he bought his land when it was still in Hawkins County but did not begin living on it until it became part of Grainger County. Research aimed at clarifying this matter is now being conducted. After receiving the court's permission, William did build a grist mill on his land, hiring William Hall to plan and oversee its construction. The Richland Mill, which is still standing and has been restored, is generally said to have been William's. Nevertheless, some of his descendants believe all traces of his mill have disappeared, and the one that may be seen today was built by his son Robert on his land. Like other responsible citizens, William Stone made valuable contributions to the formation and development of Grainger County. Besides operating a mill that satisfied important Community needs, he took an active part in civic affairs, serving often on juries, administrating estates and acting as overseer of road construction. He was also a Justice of the Peace and a Justice of the County Court. On 18 December 1810 he married, as his second wife, Nancy Highlander,a lady about whom nothing else is known. After that, only two recordsof his presence in Grainger County have been found. In August 1811, he was summoned for jury duty. Then, on 18 February 1813, he filed a lawsuit against David Proffitt in which the jury decided in William's favor and ordered that Proffitt pay him fifty-five dollars plus court costs. Some believe William died and was buried in Grainger County later in 1813, but proof of this is lacking. Others have said he and Nancy moved to another state, but if so, where they went and when has yet to be determined. THE WILLIAM STONE FAMILY from "History of Washington Co. Tennessee" page 504. GED2HTML File of William Stone Family by Joe Payne and my Stone Family History During William Stone's residence in Washington Co., he was one of its most prominent citizens and took an active part in church and community affairs. Stone was a Baptist and he and his family are believed to have attended the early Watauga River Church, which is said to have later become Sinking Creek Baptist Church. His civic record was impressive. Besides appearing regularly on the tax lists and in court records as a juror, he was appointed Tax Assessor in 1780 and Captain of the militia in 1790. Moreover, records show that he was a good businessman who bought and sold large tracts of land. Finally after 18 years in Washington Co. in 1796, he and his son Robert removed to newly formed Grainger Co., where they bought land and William erected a grist mill on Richland Creek near the present-day town of Blain. Both participated actively in local affairs, and made valuable contributions to the organization and development of the new county. Some believe William died in Grainger Co. around 1803 and others that in 1811 he removed to Missouri. William married in Virginia before moving to Tennessee, but his wife's identity has never been determined. Henry Stone and his son William are on the first tax list of Pittsylvania Co., Virginia, having moved there, then Halifax Co., in 1767. William was listed as being 23 years old in 1767. They both lived on the Dan River near William Bean. Henry was on the tax list in Watauga in 1787 so he must have come with William and the Beans. The Book "Leaves From the Family Tree" by Penelope Johnson Allen in talking about the William Bean family from Pittsylvania Co. Va and settled early in 1769 on Boone's creek, a tributary of Watauga said he was joined by his kindred and friends from the same section of Virginia where he had formerly lived, and such worthy pioneers as his son, William Bean, Jr., William Stone, Thomas Hardiman and Capt. George Russell.

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William Throgmorton:[23] Notes for Decendants of THROGMORTON

(jerry Cox copied from John Throgmorton. See
Kleenen Throgmorton died 1607 in Jamestowne, VA. Kleenen was the first Throgmorton to come to the New World even though Walter Raleigh MP aka Sir Francis Raleigh was here earlier and was married to Bess (Throckmorton) Raleigh aka Elizabeth Throgmorton. I have not been able to make any ties to the John Throgmorton noted in at "the Easter Shore" 22 Jan 1624/5 VA Muster. John arrived 1618 aboard the ship "William & Thomas" with three (3) servants Francis Dowing, Ellis Ripping, Edward Sparshott; John Throgmorton was listed in the Muster of 16 Feb 1623/4 and his will dated 1624 where John mentions his cousin, Henry Throgmorton. The relationship between John and Henry has not been confirmed because at the time period of John Throgmorton writing his will cousin was a very lose term defining relationship. Henry Throgmorton arrived aboard the ship Northhampton, 1622 and Henry's Plantation (5000 acres or more) is found up to about 1629, for having elections held on his plantation. This plantation was located on Shirley Hundred Island, which is now call Epps Island. Frances Epps is noted as owning this Island from about 1644. There was a also a little know Indian attack at this same time (1644). Elizabeth (Throgmorton) Dale the widow of Sir Thomas Dale former Lt. Governor of Virginia left land, in her will, in this general area in 1644 to her loyal and trusted servants. If is there is a connection, I do not know. The Tracy & Berkeley families of this same area, and many more, are related to the Throckmorton's through marriage.
"Hotten's List of Settlers living at West & Sherley Hundred, Corporation of Charles City, Virginia January 22, 1624/5
"Hotten's List " pg 188-189 Settlers living at "the Eastern Shore" in Virginia, February 16,1623/4
Northampton County - misc court records (William and Mary College Quarterly)
William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers, Vol.1, No. 3. (Jan., 1893), pp. 156.
Will of Dame Elizabeth Dale. Dat. 4 July, 1640, Rec.(1) 2 Dec. 1640. Debts to be paid out of her estate in East India Co.and in Va.; "ueece Mrs Dorothy Throgmorton to have 500 acres in Va."; Edward Hambye to have all her land in Charles Huntdred in Va.; "her ould servant Hannah Pickering to have L100 lawful English money." Residue in two equal parts of which one she gives to the children of Sir William Throgmorton, Knight Baronet, and the other to Mr. Richard Hambye and Mr.William Crimpton; gives her nephew, the Viscount Gondamore, a Ring of tenn pds price: mentions "Richard Hambye, Mr. Richard Hambye's sone." The mark of Dame Elizabeth Dale.
"Mr. Wm. Schrimpton of Whitechurch in the Co. of South: Gent and Richard Hambye of the city of Weston in the County of Midd, Gent, exors of the will of Dame Elizabeth Dale, late wife and sole exx of Sir Thomas Dale, knt. deced, etc." [their deed to Samuel Chandler of London, merchant, "now bound for Virginia," dated last of August, 1641.]
Elizabeth Throckmorton by Peter ten Arve & Vaughn Baker:
Lady Dale, Elizabeth Throckmorton, was the daughter of Thomas Throckmorton MP aka Sir Thomas Throckmorton and Elizabeth (Berkeley) Throckmorton aka Elizabeth Berkeley. Thomas Throckmorton was the High Sheriff of Gloucester, as had been his father, grandfather, and great grandfather Throckmorton. These Throckmortons had descended from a cadet branch of the much older Throckmortons of Coughton Court. John Throckmorton (1412-1436) had settled in Bristol and purchased a ship to trade with Iceland. In his short life, he managed to establish great wealth, but also married quite well into the wealthy merchant family Brugge (also Brydges). Coincidentally, we believe that Thomas Gates descended from this family.
The great grandfather of Lady Dale also married well and this marriage brought the Manor of Tortworth into the Throckmorton family. Tortworth was just several villages south of the ancient fortress, Berkeley Castle.
Lady Dale's mother was the daughter of Sir Richard Berkeley of Stoke-Gifford (on the northern outskirts of Bristol). These were the Berkeleys who settled Berkeley Plantation on the James River. The Berkeleys were a very old family with ties to the Royal family. Most recently, the Third Baron Berkeley (1505-1581) had been King Henry VIII's standard bearer. It was probably Grandfather Sir Richard Berkeley, who was Lieutenant of the Tower of London in 1597. Sir Richard had married the daughter of William Read of Rendcombe in Gloucester. We believe it was the same Sir William Read who we found listed in the year 1588 in Middlesex as the Sergeant Major for the protection of the Queen as England established defenses against the Spanish invasion.
One of the most famous military families of that time was that of Lord Chandos, the Brugge family, and they were inter-related with both the Throckmortons and Berkeleys. They were located at Sudeley castle less than ten miles north of Rendcombe, and only six miles from previously mentioned Tewkesbury. Sir Charles Brugge had refused to execute Queen Elizabeth when she was just a young princess, and Queen Elizabeth visited Sudeley to pay respect to the family. Sir John Brugge was a Captain in the Low Countries with Sir Thomas Dale in 1609.
Lady Dale's extended family was very involved in the wars abroad:
We believe it was Brother John Throckmorton who was in 1616 second in command of the Sidney Regiment in the Low Countries. He was married to the daughter of the Baron of the Exchequer of England, and we believe he was also the secretary to the 2nd Earl of Pembroke.
Brother-in-law Sir Thomas Baskerville was a distinguished soldier of the Low Countries, and was knighted as a result of his actions at Cadiz where he died. Her nieces and nephews by the Baskerville marriage were both politically connected.
Her uncle was Sir John Tracey of Toddington, also a veteran of the Low Countries. Tracey's daughter married Sir Horace Vere, Baron Vere of Tilbury, who was one of the most distinguished English leaders of the Low Countries. It was his brother Sir Francis Vere who had approved Thomas Dale to be a provisional captain in 1603. Of course, Horace Vere's children were all married to major military or political figures of the period. Toddington was located near Sudeley Castle and slightly more than ten miles from Tewksbury.
Tilbury was the location in 1588 where the English army mustered in preparation for the Spanish invasion. Sir Ralph Lane of the Roanoke voyages was Muster Master, and had been quite involved for the previous year in preparing various English towns for possible Spanish attack.
Lady Dale had plenty of political horsepower on both sides of her immediate family:
Her Uncle William Berkeley of Stoke-Gifford was married to the daughter of Sir William Paulet, Lord Marquess of Winchester who was a member of Elizabeth's Privy Council. The Marquis was the top military Lord for England's defense against the Spanish, and responsible for Hampshire in the year 1588.
Her father had taken as his second wife, the daughter of another Privy Council member, Sir Edward Rogers. Rogers had been a member of Wyatt's Rebellion with Sir Thomas Wyatt whose grandson would also become a Virginia Governor.
Lady Dale's niece was married to the brother of George Talbot, the ninth Earl of Shrewsbury, whose ancestor was both Privy Council Member with Rogers and Paulet, as well as the Earl Marshall for England.
Lady Dale's family also reflected the Virginia experiment in North America:
Brother Baronet William Throckmorton was one of the four stockholders behind BERKELEY Plantation in Virginia. We have been intrigued by a 1609 disposition at Clearwell by a John Dale, son of Edward Dale. Clearwell at that time was William Throckmorton's father-in-law's home place.
Another Berkeley Plantation founder was second cousin George Thorpe, grandson of her aunt Margaret Throckmorton, as was first cousin Richard Berkeley of Stoke- Gifford. Richard's son Maurice had married the daughter of Sir Edward Coke, Chancellor of England.
Her brother John Throckmorton's children were actually in Virginia. Her cousin and soldier Sir John Tracey was married to the daughter of famous Low Country soldier Sir Thomas Shirley, whose other daughter was married to Dale's friend, Virginia Governor Thomas West, Lord de la Warr. West named SHIRLEY plantation immediately north of BERKELEY after his wife Cecily SHIRLEY.
Two of Cousin Horace Vere's daughters were married to major Virginia Company investors, and his son-in-law Lord Paulett inherited WESTOVER plantation that was adjacent to BERKELEY Plantation.
First cousin William Tracey purchased her brother's share in BERKELEY, and Tracey's daughter married Captain Nathaniel Powell, a member ofthe original Virginia Company.
The Throckmorton family had collected other manors over their two hundred years tenure in Gloucester. In fact, at the time of his death in 1607, Sir Thomas passed along fourteen manors like Tortworth. At leas ttwo of his manors were located near manors of the Earl of Leicester. Leicester was one of most powerful men in England before his death in 1588, and we learned that Sir Thomas Throckmorton and Leicester shared a daily carriage to Elizabeth's court when they were in London.
We don't know London history, but could not resist commenting on the intersection of Throgmorton (Throckmorton) Street and Throgmorton (Throckmorton) Avenue in the City of London. That is the location of the Drapers house, headquarters for the Drapers Guild, and the stock exchange. We mention the Drapers Guild because it appears that Thomas Dale did descend from a family that spent many generations in the haberdasher trade, and the stock exchange because Sir Thomas Throckmorton's actions created the beginning that would end in the pauper's house for his great grandchildren.
Throgmorton Street is only four blocks from Milk Street where the Parish Church of Matthew Dale, haberdasher, was located. Milk Street was adjacent to St. Paul's Cathedral and in the same neighborhood as the home of Dr. Valentine Dale.
Lady Dale's father, Sir Thomas Throckmorton, had been a courtier to Elizabeth's court. He was influential, he had been the High Sheriff, and he was a Justice of the Peace. But he was a plotter, a manipulator, and it was not above him to tamper with juries, bribe officials, and threaten the lives of those that got in his way. The Star Chamber, the high court of England, eventually fined him heavily and sentenced him to imprisonment. Throckmorton shared a daily carriage with the Earl of Leicester, a man who was thought to have poisoned the husband of his first wife, the 1st Earl of Essex, so he could marry his wife. Later he was thought to have poisoned Sir Nicholas Throckmorton who Leicester felt had hampered his chances to marry Queen Mary of Scotland. Can you just imagine the conversations of these two predators?
At the time of his death, Sir Thomas Throckmorton left a vast fortune, but each of his fourteen manors had litigation attached. Son Baronet William Throckmorton inherited the manors and made a valiant attempt to improve the financial situation. He pioneered the harvesting of oilseed for soapmaking, re-opened the medieval ironworks that had once been profitable on Tortworth Manor, and invested in BERKELEY plantation in Virginia. It wasn't enough and he sold Tortworth Manor, the mainThrockmorton home, to his cousin by marriage, Sir Horace Vere. He continued to sell off the other thirteen manors, and the last one sold wasCorse Court Manor in 1632. That same year, a judgement was served in Virginia against the Baronet's son, Nicholas Throckmorton, and Lady Dale. Nicholas Throckmorton, the keeper of Kingswood Forest in Gloucester, died in 1664, and left his wife and six children destitute.
Although Thomas Dale died in 1619, Lady Dale continued to live for two more decades until 1639. However, an administration against the estate of Thomas Dale in 1633 is much clearer. It stated that Thomas Dale, of parts beyond the seas, was to have his estate assigned to Thomas Burnett, principal creditor, and the relict was "unanswering". Obviously, Dale's estate had been attached because of the tremendous Throckmorton debt inherited some twenty-five years earlier. William Burdett,who had been at DALES GIFT in 1624 had become the caretaker of Lady Dale's estate in Virginia, and we are left with the question if the 1633 administration is not that of Burdett's son, Thomas Burdett, who we found living on a section of the original Dales estate a few years later.
Two men were named as the executors of her will and rightful heirs. The first was Richard Hanby whose neice was married to Lady Dale's nephew. We also found a record of a Thomas Dale (W1578) of Alford, and his wife Anne Hanby of Malley, thinking that there may be a connection. As of yet, we have not been able to link them further.
With the help of modern day Shrimptons, we were able to identify the William Shrimpton of White Church in Southampton mentioned by Ralph Whitelaw, as William Shrimpton (D1661), probable son of yeoman Francis Shrimpton (D1608) of Bassing in Hampshire, and husband of Margaret Deane. Lady Dale had referred to him as a deserving friend, however, we were unable to identify any other direct connections with the Dale's Shrimpton's parish, White Church in Hampshire is less than seven miles east of Andover, where we located the birthplace of Dales's friend, Baron de la Warr, as well as the Dale's of Fyfield. Shrimpton's children were babtized in that parish church from 1613 to 1617. Certainly this confirmation places additional weight on Thomas Dale being a descendant of the same branh of Dales as Dr. Valentine Dale.
Child of THROGMORTON is:
WILLIAM THROGMORTON, b. Bef. 1684; d. Bef. March 1761, Henrico Co., VA.

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Lee Roy Upshaw :[24]

NARRATIVE of LEE UPSHAW As told to daughter Mary Lee Bost.

We were living in Oregon County, Missouri near Gatewood. When Lee was born they were living in Ripley County, Missouri. In 1891, Jan 9. Dad was baby of the family of about 15.
We left Mo when I was about 8 (1899), landed in Okla. three weeks later. There were 3 covered wagons of us. My dad, and family of 7 in our wagon, two of my brothers ( two wagons of them) Jont and wife and Polly Ann, Ambers, Art, Meta, Onie and Willard. Brother Verge and wife Jane and two girls, Bertie and Zelda.
We had such a load in our wagons us kids walked most of the way. My dad rode a horse. Pleas drove the wagon. At night, we couldn't all sleep in the wagon. Me and Pleas and my dad slept under the wagon. One night, while sleeping under the wagon, we had driven off the highway into a low swag and came up a big rainstorm - way in the night. If we hadn't got up and got out of there, we would have drowned. We had to harness our team, hook them up to the wagon and pull to higher ground. It was fair the next morning and we drove on.
We lost our dog. Some Indians stole him - or something. The cattle bothered us so much we could hardly sleep. Three weeks later, our dog made it back to Missouri to our old home place. My brother, Burl was living there.
One day Ambers was walking ahead of the wagon. They came to a railroad track, as train was coming, Ambers came running back to the wagon. He shouted, "I swear to God it's goin' to bust".
My mother and me saw our first train at West Plains Mo, when we were moving from Hal (Howell) County, Missouri to Oregon County, Missouri.
When we got to Okla. we got a job picking cotton. We landed in Lincoln Co, Okla. near Carney. There were hardly any houses. We lived in a house with no floor, used our wagons to sleep in. It was a cold wet winter. The house had no windows. It was heated by a cookstove. No beds, everyone slept on floors. Later we rented a place that had two rooms. Burl moved in the other room with his wife, Emma, and boy, Lem. There was seven in our one room. I was only eight. Lem was five. We had over 100 acres of land. Rub, Burl, Pleas and dad farmed it. We farmed cotton. We had never farmed cotton before. In Missouri we had farmed corn and feed, and tobacco. We didn't selll tobacco - chewed and smoked it.
We had three horses - two we worked, a white mare and a black horse. One sorrel mare. We had to buy our farming tools - cultivator, breaking plow. We had sold our farm in Missouri. We took some chairs with us. Two of my brother had teams. Jont rented a place and they furnished tools. He had one horse.
We made one crop in Lincoln Co, then moved to Dewey Co, where we stayed one year. That was the year of the drought, 1901. Our crops burned up. We never raised a thing. We went back to Lincoln Co, they had better crops there. We picked cotton all winter. We had to live in another house with no floor, but we did have some furniture.
The next year we made a crop on the Powers place. We next rented a place down by Chandler Okla. We made two crops. We had a two-room house and got a tent - put heating stove and beds in it. The next year an old man bought the place who had lots of money. He built us a new house and drilled us a water well. We really enjoyed it. Before that we carried water from a spring. The new house was story - half. Two rooms down, one up. Upstairs big enough for two beds. We all had the measles that spring except ma and pa. Pleas, Cora, Minda, Alva, Lee. Pleas went to work too soon and was hoarse all summer. This was right in the spring when we were putting in crop.
On the way out here, a man and his family caught up with us, where we had laid over to wash clothes and clean up. He had 3 girls and 2 boys. He was on his road to Okla. They stayed with us all the way through. At night, we would play drop the handkerchief and games with them. The girls were about Lee's age. We enjoyed the trip except when it raining or cold. We cooked out biscuits and cornbread in a dutch oven over a campfire.
We traded a horse for a cow while in Dewey Co, when we left Dewey Co we left our cow and never got anything form it.
We changed places with a fellow in Missouri. Cora carried her cats. The dogs ran out and scared the cats. She wouldn't turn her cats loose and got scratched badly.
Dad lived to see all of his folks go.
At Lincoln Co, Burl's wife Emma died, left Lem and Fred.
We went to the Kickapoo country in 1905, made one crop. Nine miles from McCloud.
Lee went to his first school at Mt. Vernon, three miles east of Carney. Went three weeks, got a licken' for fighting. Teacher whipped Lee but didn't whip the other boy so wouldn't go back. Alva, Cora and Minda went also. Alva went quite a lot. Alva, Minda and Cora went the two months summer term.
In Mo, Burl had a friend who had a moustache. His friend had a box ofwax for his moustache. He put some chicken manure in box. The boys were going to see their girls. Soon, Burls friend stopped at the creek and washed his moustache.
Lee and the girls went to school in Dewey Co. We had to walk three miles over those old sandy roads. The teacher said: "I got a big stick that I'm going to use on the girls if they need it". They went most of the winter. It was so cold; often we could hardly make it. Also sand storms. Farm was on the South Canadian River.
Lee went to Stony Point in Chandler. The girls didn't go. Lee would have gone more if they had let him. His father could read and write his name, didn't think education important. He could read a weekly newspaper.
Lee had several teachers at Mt Vernon. He went to school there several short terms.
Lee's mother died in 1921; dad in 1912. Pleas stayed single as long as his mother lived, and took care of her. He was past forty when he got married.
Lee started barbering in1910 at age 19, in Hominy. He left there and went to Coyl, came back to Hominy in1915. A barber in Hominy trained him, Greeley Hampton, about six weeks. He had cut all the farmers boy'shair. He had to learn to shave. Haircuts - 25 cents; shaves 10 cents.
Lee went to Everett, Washington in 1909 - about 18. Mother, Pleas, Jay and Bertha, Ruth and Luther went also. Stayed about 5 1/2 months, worked in planing mill. Lee and mother, Pleas, Betty Fox spent one dayat Seattle World's fair. Went from Everett to Seattle in a boat. Theyrode the Ferris wheel and a scenic railroad, which went up - down. She was about 65 at the time, but she enjoyed it. She did her houseworkuntil she got sick and died. She was a good cook and kept a clean house. She had little to keep house with. Mary Ellen Smith was born in 1843.
Lee Roy Upshaw was born Jan 18, 1834. Mary Ellen Smith was born in 1843.
In Missouri there were no schools. It was a rough country and people couldn't make a living. We had two cows, but they would both go dry at the same time and we'd nearly starve. They had free range. Our cows and hogs would come up for feed. If there were strange hogs, our dog would run them off. His name was Rattler - a big black dog with white on theend of his trail. There were wild hogs there. We would be squirrel hunting with Rattler - those wild sows would jump on old Rattler, but he could whip them.
Verge and Amber also had dogs. Those followed some Indian dogs. When Rattler got back to Mo the smokehouse door was open, and Burl was gone, but Rattler didn't bother anything. He waited for Burl to come and feed him.
Rattler kept the family in meat, treeing squirrels. Pleas had a mussel-loading rifle. He would get lead bars and mold his own bullets, buy his gunpowder and caps. One day Rattler treed a squirrel; Pleas shot all his bullets but one, but couldn't get the squirrel.Wind was blowing, broke ramrod, (wooden), and couldn't get it out. So to get the ramrod out he aimed at the squirrel, shot and killed it. We were glad to get it because we were hungry.
Lee's mother would spin and weave cloth. Burl had a loom and would gothere to weave cloth. She would knit gloves and socks. Got wool from the neighbors or the boys and made threads out of it.
In Lincoln Co. we would grow big watermelons. We would take them to town but could hardly sell them for 10cents apiece.
At Chandler, the man, a Mr. Owens, who bought the place would come ina rubber- tired buggy. He would take Lee with him and often give himaquarter. He gave Lee 50 cents a day to help carry tools to a man who was building fence. He would buy Lee a cold drink sometimes in town. We cut wood for him, cut into stove wood and sold for a dollar a rank.Always take a load of wood when we went to town.
Pleas wanted a buggy. He traded 12 loads of wood for one-horse buggy.He finally got a tongue put in it. While in Kickapoo Co. he went to town, coming back after night - I guess he was pretty drunk - he got outand the horse ran away with the buggy and tore it up. This horse would look back to see if you laid the lines down, if you had he'd be sure to run away.
Lee fell out of wagon and hit his head on a flint rock. He was sitting on the end-gate. END
Lee Roy served Military duty in co 'K', 34th Arkansas Infantry, Confederate States Army. Caroline is his first wife.
"UPSHAW HOLLOW - Ripley Co MO Southwest Shirley Township, just north of highway 142 where Reuben Upshaw of North Carolina settled. The UpshawSchool was located there on land he donated. See also see p63 of "History and Families Ripley County Missouri" Vol I" . A map of the1931 Ripley County School Districts shows Upshaw district is number 36.

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Conrad Will:[25] Jerry Cox copied from this 2103913.ged file

Conrad had the great responsibililty of handling his brothe r, Johanne
's, estate after he died suddenly without a will . I have the papers- all sizes and shapes, many as smal l as 5" x 1" and it took me a couple of weeks to sort throu gh them and figure them all out. This isasummary:
July 1, 1793 paid taxes to US on Johanne's distiller y sixdollars
October 30, 1793 paid to Charles Glover for three d eer skins 1 pound, 5 shillings
October 30, 1793 paid to himself for appraisin g 3 pounds, 10 shillings
January 8, 1794 paid James Boggs for one day's plo ughing
with his own team 7 pounds, 6 sh illings per day
March 1794 paid to Peter Forney to settle a not e 7 pounds, 24 shillings
July 19, 1794 paid Johanne's taxes for 179 3 11 shillings, 8 pence
July 26, 1794 paid to Robert McCombs, Jr. for making
two collars of steel
1 pound, 39 shillings, 13-1/ 2 pence
October 29, 1794 paid to John Wills, Thomas Rynes , Adam Clonger and Conrade Wills for his shar e in a Crosscut saw 1 pound (each?)
October 29, 1794 paid to Thomas Ryne for his shar e of the
"company" saw 1 pound
December 16, 1794 paid to William Rankin for a cradle1 pound
July 18, 1795 Just says: "To any lawful officer: Yo u are commanded to take the body of Conrad W ills and Felty Devault, administrators of Jno Wills, Dec'd , and bring them before me or some other justic e of said county to answer the complaint of Jacob Henk el. In a plea of debt under twenty pounds."
August 22, 1795 paid to Daniel McLisick for a dist illery 1 pound, 15 shillings, 18 pence
October 22, 1795 paid to David Rankin for an unstat ed item under 20 shillings
November 7, 1796 paid to unnamed parties (plural ) 13 pounds, 5 shillings
and court costs of 5 pounds , 12 pence
Probably January 1797 paid to government for 1796 ta x unstated
Probably January 1797 paid to John Wills for "publick an d county tax
for 1797 assay. 3 pounds , 4 shillings
February 17, 1797 paid to J. Abernathy "for service s at the Candue
of John Will deceased." Was that the auction
or his funeral or what? 2 pounds
June 30, 1798 paid to government for "public building s" 1 shilling
October 1798 October Session 1798:
"Ordered by court that Joseph Neel, Saml
Eaply, James Wilson, Thomas Wheeler
and Wm Scott or any other of them be a
commiter to Settle the Estate of John Wills
deceased and make Return this Session."
October 3, 1798 Administrators Valentine Devault a nd Conrad
Wills report vouchers #1-21 paid out amount-
ing to.... 8 pounds , 11 shillings
10-1/2 pence
So for five years, Conrad had to deal with the settling o f his brother's estate. It was aboout 1798 that his widowe d sister-in-law, Catharine Wills, remarried to Daniel McGee.

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Hans Adam Wull Will:[26] In English hand-written letters and documents by Germans, the word "will" as in "I will go" is often written "wull" as in "I wull go." Also, Hans is a short form of Johannes. (Johannes is also shortened toJohn.) Hans' ancestors might have gone by the name of Willtz, as noted in paragraph four below. Other possible spellings are Vill or Vull, the German pronunciation.

William C. O'Donnell Research: Hans lived in Ottweiler-Steinbach andwas a herdsman. He is listed in the Ottweiler Evangelical Church Records, LDS film #490,001, pg. 132; also Dorenbach Evangelical Church,LDS film #1,052,607, pg. 543 and LDS film #415,628, pg. 274. He was in the census of 1741 in Ottweiler District, age 56, and brother Johannes Will was age 48.
O'Donnel's Research: Hans' marriage to Anna Juliana Tross was in the Dorrenbach Evangelical Church Records, LDS film #1,271,375, pg. 100. His marriage to Maria Elisabetha Tondeurs was in the Birkenfeld Evlangelical Church Records, LDS film #492,997, which also states they left that parish. His marriage to Anna Catharine Fuchs Zimmer was recorded in the Evangelical Church of Ottweiler in today's Saar, Germany.
The Saar River is about 80 miles long, half of it being in today's state of Saar, Germany. This area touches Luxembourg on the west and France on the southwest and south. Interestingly, about 40 miles northeast in Luxembourg is the town of Willtz.
The Saar area is made up of forests and meadows on hilly country side with the valley of the Saar River running through the middle. Coal and steel mines are also found here.
From 1381 to 1793 the German-speaking city of Saarbrucken on the Saar River was ruled by the counts of Nassau-Saarbrucken, the territoryaround it. Beginning in 1648 (The Treaties of Westphalia) and continuing 150 years, it was partially ruled also by France. Around 1795 upon Napoleon's first defeat, the Saar Valley was included in the newPrussian province on the Rhine except for a small portion given to Bavaria.
It was during this time of competitive rule by both the Germans and the French that Hans lived, and it was during this period that his son, Gerhardt, and daughter, Charlotta Will Kloninger, decided to move to America.
The royal castle of Sarabrucca toward the southern Saar River was first mentioned in 999. The rulers of this city, later called Saarbrucken, until the late 1300s were the bishops of Metz, a large city twenty-five miles inside France. A church was built next to it in the 1400s. The castle belonging to the princes of Nassau-Saarbrucken, was built on the site of the ruined earlier castle of the bishops and built in the 1700s. In the city of Saarbrucken today is a Gothic church, a Stiftskirche, in the St. Arnaul district of the town built in the 1700s, and a town hall and Baroque Ludwigskirche built at the sametime. In ancient times, Saarbrucken was settled by Romans in the lst and 3rd centuries.
The ruins of the fortress Saarlouis (Saarlautern) are on both sides of the northern portion of the Saar River, built by Sebastien Vauban for Louis XIV of France between 1680 and 1685.

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Johannes Will:[27]

In 1766 Johanne's parents moved from Berks County, Pennsylvania, to Tryon County, North Carolina, later to become Lincoln County, and still later to become Gaston County. Johanne was 18 years old and strong enough to help with the horses and wagons on the long 600-mile journey over mountains and rivers and through dense forests.
In late 1773 when Johanne was 25 years old, his father Gerhardt gavehim147 acres "for love and affection" lying on both sides of LeepersCreek, a tributary of the Catawba River. He must have spent most of histime clearing his land for he did not marry until he was about 30. His father only owned the last about a year, so probably it had never been cleared for crops. This land can be seen on the gravel Alexis-Lucia Road in Stanley, NC. I visited there in 1990 and walked part ofit. It has not been subdivided. I saw the pile of rocks that was put in place over two hundred years ago to mark one corner of this land. There is a survey stake in the middle of the rocks. This land is currently back in the name of the Armstrongs, descendants of thosewho sold it to Gerhardt Wills 250 years earlier.
In 1775, Johanne bought 228 more acres from Andrew Hampton, now giving him 375 acres. The following year, the War of Independence began. Johanne signed up to fight in the Patriot Army. A single pay record has been found for him. Lord Cornwallis took over the house of Jacob Forney who had sold Gerhardt his original land, turning it into aheadquarters, and taking his cattle, food and anything else he wanted. He allowed Jacob and his wife to live in the cellar. General Greene was in the area too, trying to defeat Cornwallis' troops.
Perhaps two years into the war when there was a lull in his part of the county, he went back to Berks County, Pennsylvania to visit his brother, Daniel, who had moved back there. And while there he ran intoa childhood friend, Catharine who had now matured into an attractive woman. She was only nine years old when he had moved away. Considering the age of his first-born, Johanne must have married about 1778 when he was thirty and she was 21. For generations, researchers have searched through North Carolina records for Catharine's maiden name, but with absolutely no success. I believe she was Catharine Riegelman as I explain in her notes.
The same year they were married, Johanne's father, Gerhardt, died. Johanne was not named in the will because he had already given this son his inheritance. He was able, however, in January 1779 to purchase 63 more acres from John Rutledge. The following year in December, Catherine, his first child, was born and named after Johanne's wife. He had no more children until the war was over.
In addition to dangers from the Continental Army, the threat of Indians was severe during that time also since they had been hired by the British to get scalps for them. By December 1781 according to "The Old New York Frontier" by Francis Whiting Halsey, pg. 312-314, in Tryon County 700 buildings had been burned, 613 men had deserted the British to become Patriots, and 354 families (two-thirds of the population) had abandoned their homes. Of those remaining 380 were widows and 2,000 were orphans. A letter and inventory to Sir Frederick Haldimand was later discovered explaining eight large bags that were beingsent to him and on to "the Great King" in England. The inventory was:
Bag one: 43 scalps of soldiers, 62 farmers killed in their houses
Bag two: 98 farmers killed in their houses
Bag five: 88 scalps of women, hair long and braided in the Indian fashio to show they were mothers, 17 scalps of the elderly
Bag seven: 211 scalps of girls
Bag eight: 122 scalps of all categories, 29 scalps of babies
It was typical and believable, but many years later it was determined that Benjamin Franklin had written the letter to keep the Patriots stirred up.
When the war was finally over, Johanne was able to settle back down and think about building a house for his new family. It was a large hewn-log two-story one, fit for a small but growing planatation. It still stands today at 1528 Alexis-Lucia Road in Stanley, NC. I visited it in 1990 with my mother, Mildred Goble Maddox. The side with the fireplace was the kitchen. The rest of the first floor was a sitting room and bedroom. On the second floor are two large bedrooms, one on each side. Though there is only one fireplace today, there mayhave been one on each side of the house originally. There was alsoa large attic with one window. The house has been covered with clapboard on the outside, but in the attic one can see the large hewn white oak logs nearly a foot thick, some with the bark still on them, and mud to fill in the cracks between them.
Johanne and Catharine had Johanne Jr. in 1784 named after himself, and Daniel in 1786 named after his brother who had moved back to Berks County, Pennsylvania. In 1787 Johanne bought 200 acres from Thomas Hawthorn, 33 acres from Miiles Abernathy the following year, and two plots of 16-1/4 acres and 125 acres from James Rutledge in 1789. This gave him a total of 839 acres for his plantation.
Apparently Johanne made much of his living selling lumber since in his estate there was mentioned a "company [crosscut] saw" owned by four men. He also had a distillery. He may have also been a diversifiedfarmer, since his inventory one October included 195 bushels of corn,195 bags of barley, 60 pounds of tobacco, 70 pounds of cotton, and1800 pounds of hay. Johannes apparently hired his help, because we have only one record of him buying one woman slave just before their oldest child was born.
He dressed well, having two jackets and three coats (many people were lucky to have one), one great coat (a long and heavy with a cape on the shoulders), a velvet coat, velvet breeches, and kneebuckles. He also had a library, a large family Bible, and a quill wheel used to make pens of goose quills.
That same year in 1787, Conrad was born, probably named after Catharine's father, and in 1792 Barbara was born, named after Johanne's mother.
Then tragedy hit: In September 1793, Johannes died, possibly of wounds or exposure from the War, or more probably from an accident, sincehe did not have time to make a will. He was only 45 years old. Hisyoungest child was still a baby of one and his oldest fourteen. He had no will. I have gone through mountains of paper my mother obtained from the courthouse trying to sort through what they did with his estate. It was not completely settled until 1825 32 years later.
First, on October 7, 1793, an administrative bond of 00 was taken out on Conrad Will, Johanne's 26-year-old brother, Valentine Devault,a close friend whose family moved from PA to NC with the Wills, a Mr. Baldridge, and William Saddler. Conrad and Valentine "Felty" wereto inventory Johanne's movable goods and credits; the list of it is five single-spaced pages long. He had enough horses, sheep, hogs andcows to take care of his own family.
In late October and again in December, Johanne's movable estate was auctioned off. Although Catharine had a dower right to the real estate and buildings, she had to buy back whatever of the movable estate she wanted. She purchased a bay mare and woman's, saddle, three cows, kitchen pots and plates, and a quill wheel to make pens. And, having had her slave lady already for several years, Catharine purchasedher and her child. In all, Catharine spent 208 pounds, 11 shillingsand 5 pence to buy back what she wanted. This nearly 209 pounds would equal about 45 dollars US at 1950 values. Since land in thatarea was going for about half a pound or .50 an acre, she had enough to purchase over 400 acres. Of course she didn't, but this is theamount she spent to buy her most valuable things back.
For the rest of the proceedings to settle Johanne's estate, see notesfor his brother, Conrad.

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Johann Gerhardt Wills:[28] 2103913.ged]

(Source: Broderbund, World Family Tree, "CD-ROM," Vol. 11 , tree #4463.).
The Saar River Valley where Gerhardt grew up had long bee n ruled by the counts of Nassau-Saarbrucken, but with Franc e often in the background calling the shots. It was durin g this time that Gerhardt decided to move to America. So i n 1744 he, a young single man, boarded the ship "Friendship " in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Also on board was Johannes Wi ldt; was he a relative? Captain John Mason sailed around toCowes, England, where he picked up more passengers, the n headed for Philadelphia. They landed November 2, 1744 . That same day, Gerhardtand the other passengers took a n oath of abjuration which meant theygave up their citizen ship to Germany. (See also April 4, 1762 below.)
I have found the following passengers aboard that same shi p that settled in Berks Co. or possibly had relatives settl e there (passenger listed first):
Weber, several: Anna Elizabeth Weber and Johann Heinrich ( John Henry) Weber
Radebush, Johan Adam: Henry Rodabaugh and Johan Adam Rodab augh
Ferber, Johan and Feyerbagh, Henry: Jacob Fryberger and Jo hannes Georg Fryberger
Krahl, Theodorus: Michael Graul
Kolbe, Christoph: Johann Christoph Kolb
Muller, Albrecht: Maria Elizabeth Mueller
Moll, Johanns: Hans Martin Moll
Hann, Petter: Johan Thomas Hahn
Scholkopf, Adam: Maria Catharina Scheelkopf
Spec, Dewald: Johann Michael Dewald
Bieber, Johann & Beaber, Dewald: Johannes Bieber and Theob ald Dewalt Bieber
Schmidt, Johan George: Maria Barbara Schmidt
Tieze, Johannes: John Jacob Suess, the father of Anna Barb ara Suess
Schadel, Johan Georg: Father of Urban Scheddel?
Klein, Johann Michael: Brother to Johan Adam Klein
Did Gerhardt already have relatives in Pennsylvania? I fou nd these other Wills sailing there:
HANS MARTIN WILL arrived on the "William & Sarah" from Dove r and Rotterdam September, 1727. MICHAEL WILL arrived on t he "Pennsylvania" from Rotterdam and Plymouth Septembver 11 , 1732.
JOHAN PETER WILT arrived on the "Pink" from Rotterdam and D over October 17, 1732.
JOHAN PETER WILT arrived on the "Townsend" from Amsterdam a nd Cowes October 5, 1737.
FREDRICK WILL arrived on the "William" from Rotterdam and D over, October 31, 1737
ADAM WALL arrived on the "Winter Galley" from Rotterdam an d Deal September 5, 1738.
MARTIN WALL arrived on the "Glasgow" from Rotterdam and Cow es September 9, 1738.
MICHAEL WILL arrived on the "St. Andrew" from Rotterdam Oct ober 2, 1741.
DAVID WEIL arrived on the "Robert & Alice" from Rotterdam a nd Cowes September 24, 1742.
ISAAC WILL arrived on the "Phoenix" from Rotterdam and Cowe s September 30, 1743.
GERHART WILL arrived on the "Friendship" from Rotterdam an d FalmouthNovember 2, 1744
JOHAN GEORG WIEIL arrived on the "Hampshire" September 7, 1 748. Wasthis Gerhardt's grandfather, Hanns George b.c. 16 65 or perhaps his uncle b.c. 1692?
Gerhardt was a yeoman, as indicated by his first deed below . Being about 25 years old, he apparently immigrated to Am erica with some money in his pocket, possibly given to hi m by his father or saved earnings. In Europe, the yeoman w as a freehold land owner, rather unusual since commoners we re not allowed to own land then. Though Europe mostly ha d only an upper class of nobles and lower class of artisan s and labourers, yeomen were middle class.
Important dates and documents:
c. 1745 - Berks County, Pa., married Maria Barbara Drach/Dr ohin. Date is based on age of first child. Her maiden nam e is confirmed in the Moselem Zion Church. The marriage h as been verified.
DECEMBER 3, 1746 - Berks Co., Pa. Obtained warrant from th e British Proprietor for 200 acres between Maiden Creek an d the Schuylkill River near the town of Moslem, originall y named Museley (Mentioned in sale of land as below and sa le of Henry Becker's half to Michael Becker in 1776)
JANUARY 12, 1746 - Son Daniel born (age 32 when father died)
MAY 8, 1748 - Son Johannes born (age 30 when father died)
MARCH 8, 1750 - Son Johan Jacob born (age 28 when father di ed)
JULY 8, 1753 - Dtr Maria Elizabeth born (age 25 when fathe r died)
MAY 4, 1755 - Dtr Maria Barbara born (age 22 when father di ed)
JULY 28, 1756 - Son John Adam born (age 21 when father died)
MARCH 20, 1757 - Dtr Eva born (age 20 when father died)
MARCH 27, 1761- Dtr Anna Magdalene born (age 16 when fathe r died)
APRIL 4, 1762 took his oath of allegiance to Great Britain . That same day others who intermarried with the Wills i n NC and MO gave theiroaths: Henry Fry, Bostian Best, Mic hael Devault, Andrew Rudsisell, Jacob Hoffman.
AUGUST 11, 1765 - Dtr Anna Christina born (age 12 when fath er died)
SEPTEMBER 5, 1766 - Berks Co., Pa. Deed Book 2B, sold 200 a cres in Windsor Twp. to Michael and Henry Becker for 260 po unds (dates hard toread; it could be 1756). (I have deed)
1766 - Tryon Co., NC (later Lincoln, then Gaston) purchase d 320 acres from Jacob Forney on the "middle fork of Killia ms Creek above William Berry's land." (I do not have deed . Dates are hard to read. Isthis date correct?) Jacob F orney was a neighbor in Berks Co. also.
October 1766 - Son Daniel married Maria Magdalena Lora at H amburg, Berks County, Pennsylvania
1754, 1760, 1762, 1764 and 1766 - Gerhardt is on the tax li st for Windsor Township, Berks County.
1767 - On tax roll with 150 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. Pai d five pounds. (Is this Pa. or NC? I have not verified thi s.)
c. 1767 - Son Conrad born (age 11 when father died)
c. 1769 - Dtr Fronica born (age 9 when father died)
In Berks County, the Will family seems to have attended tw o different churches. Lutheran & Reformed Windsor Castle ( Zion's) Church recorded the children's births; Smoke Churc h (St. Paul's) recorded the baptisms and confirmations. Th ese are in the possession of the Lutheran Theological Semin ary, Philip Schaff Library, Lancaster, PA. I do not have c opies yet, but the accounts seem accurate.
JUNE 6, 1772 - Tryon/Lincoln Co., NC, Deed Bk One, Pg. 667 , purchased 313 acres to Gerhart Will from Matthew and Benj amin Armstrong on Leepers Creek, Dutchmans Creek and, KLill iams Creek and Armstrong Creek for 100 pounds. (I have thi s deed.)
 ? 1772 - Tryon/Lincoln Co., NC, Deed Bk ?, sold the 313 acr es to Hugh Jenkins for 150 pounds. Called a planatation o f Killiam's Creek.(I do not have this deed.) He made a n ice profit!
MARCH 24, 1773 - Tryon/Lincoln Co., NC, Deed Bk 2, Pg. 74 8 (or 412),purchased 38 acres from Jacob Siets for eightee n pounds. (I have this deed) It had no water on it, but i t did adjoin land he already had. He now had 358 acres.
JULY 4, 1776 - Independence Declared from Great Britain. R evolutionary War began.
NOVEMBER 21, 1776 - Tryon/Lincoln Co., NC, Deed Bk 2, Pg. 1 74 or 412, purchased 243 acres from Jacob Devold for seven ty-eight pounds. (I have only a modern hand-written copy o f this deed) He now had 601acres
Unknown date, book, acreage and price named in will below , purchasedland from Adam Clingerand.
Around 1778 - Son Johannes married Catherine maybe Reigelman
JULY 3, 1778 - Tryon/Lincoln Co., NC, Filed last will and t estament.OCTOBER 19, 1778 probated. His will reads in par t: "I Gerhard Willof Tryon County...farmer....give and be queath to Mary Barbara my dearly beloved wife all my money , household goods, debts, notes and bondsand moveable esta te....Also I give and bequeath to my son Daniel thesum o f ten pounds and to my son Jacob ten pounds. I also give a nd bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth and Magdalena the su m of ten shillings each also I give and bequeath to my daug hter Eve, Christina and Fronica two cows and a calf and a b ed each also firing pan and some pewter each. Also to my y oungest son Conrad I give and bequeath to hisheirs and ass igns forever the plantation I now live on and thetracto f land I bought of Adam Clingerand. When he is at the ag e of sixteen years he is to have two horse creturs, wagon , plow and lachans.I likewise and constitute make and ord ain John Will, Jacob Seitz, Adam Clonninger the sole execut ors.
OCTOBER 19, 1778 - Gerhard died at age 58. His will was pr obated inOctober.
1781 - Revolutionary War ended
There are many surnames found in the 1790 census of Lincol n County that correspond with the 1752 tax list of Berks Co ., Pa. They include(remembering the old handwriting is ha rd to transcribe):
Best/Bost/Brest, Betz
Bullinger/Dellinger/Delinger/Dillinger/ Beringer/Droll inger
There were occasional Indian raids in this territory. An d it was not exempt from action during the Revolutionary Wa r. That will be a future investigation.
before marriage to Barbara Drach.

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Benjamin Franklin "Frank" Wills:[29] Frank spent some time in California before he married Sirrilda Catherine Roberts on 4 July, 1876.

26 June,1980 Aunt Pearl said, Frank had a walnut grove in front of his house. On the hill behind the house he had a fine orchard that went all the way around the hill. Over the hill was a grove of hard Maples. Every year when the late winter thaw set in in February, Frank would tap the trees and make maple syrup.
May 19, 1905 the "Clay County Courier", newspaper for Corning AK, reported that Nixon Wills and wife of Oak Ridge, MO, visited F.C. Best and family near here the past week. Messers Wills and Best who are bother-in-law recently bought the F.H. Jones farm, two miles northeast of town and Mr Best moved there some time ago.
James Waterson Wills (grandpa) said, his dad (Frank) moved the family from Oak Ridge to Corning in a covered wagon. There was Nixon, James,and Frank. They came down from Poplar Bluff on Old Hi way 67, they arrived at Neelyville late one afternoon, so they pulled off the road and camped for the night. The camping place was about 1/4 mile from the general store in Neelyville. Frank gave Nick some money and sent him to the store for crackers and Cheese, which was delicious and enjoyed by all.
Dec 5, 1905, Nixon and Emma Wills paid 5 cash to Frederick Best and wife, Emma Best, for the west half of the southeast quarter of section 15 township 21 Range 5 East in Clay County, 80 acres more or less.(Deed Book L, pg 537)
Dec 8, 1905, the Courier reported that B.F. Wills and son Nixon, arrived monday from Cape Co., MO, and are going to set up housekeeping 2 1/2 miles NE of town.
Grandpa James Waterson told me he never understood why his dad moved away from their prosperous farm after his mother died. Grandpa remembered a productive farm and orchard there in Oak Ridge. Grandpa said one year his dad had a huge crop of high quality apples. He crated and transported them to market, but found few buyers. Most of the apples ended up as hog feed.
Christeen King thanks Frank was never happy after his wife Serrilda died. He moved the family to near Coring Ark., but never settled in.
25 Feb, 1905 Frances H Jones to Nixon Wills and Frederich C Best 00 for the East half of the S.E. quarter of of section 29 township 21 Range 5 East Western District of Clay Co AR 80 acres. (deed bk L pg 107).
25 Feb, 1905, J L Taylor to Nixon Wills and Frederick C Best for 0the West half of the SE quarter of section 15 Twonship 21 Range 5 EastClay Co Ar 80 acres. ( deed bk L pg 108)
5 Dec, 1905, D Hopson and wife to Nixon Wills 15.75 for SE quarterof SW quarter and also 25 acres off the S side of the SW quarter of the SE quarter of section 29 and also the E half of NW quarter of the NE quarter of section 32 Township 21 North Range 5 East, 85 acres moreor less. Hopson had a mortgage for 00 to Henry Lepp 5 Feb, 1900. Wills agrees to pay with interest since 5 Feb 1905.(deed bk L pg 224)
5 Dec, 1905, D Hopson and wife to B F Wills for 21.25 cash for West half of NW quarter of the NE quarter and the North half of NE quarter of NW quarter of section 32 and also all of that part of the SW quarter lying East of the right of way of St Louis Iron Mountain and Southern Railroad section 29 Twonship 21 N of Range 5 East. 59 acres moreor less. Hopson had a mortgage for 00 to Henry Lepp 5 Feb 1900 Wills will pay with interest since 5 Feb, 1905. ( deed bk L pg 225)
April 9, 1906, Nixon borrowed from Ola Jennings. He mortgaged one claybank mare 8 years about 15-1/2 hands. One bay mare 9 years old, 15 hands high. Known as Nixon Will's horses. The loan was due Dec 1, 1906, but was not satisfied until April 13, 1907. (mortgage book, courthouse in Corning)
May 17, 1907 the Courier reported that BF Wills made a short visit to Oak Ridge, Mo, last week to see old home, relatives and friends.
8 Feb, 1908,Nixon Wills and Wife, Emma, to B F Wills 0 for 9 acres off of the South side of the Southeast quarter of the southwest quarter of section 29 township 21 North Range 5 East. (Deed Book L pg 565)
28 May 1910 " Clay County Courier" Corning AR. Estranged -a large redcow, branded FB on the right hip, had bell chained on neck; is probably fresh by this time, strayed from my farm 1 1/2 miles north east of Corning about 6 weeks ago; lot her and notify me; liberal reward for reliable information. Nixon Wills of Corning ARK.
9 July and 13 Aug of 1910 BF Wills served on the Grand Jury.
The Feb 24, 1911 "Clay County Courier": Nixon Will is now recovering from a severe attack of the measles."
Apr 14, 1911 Courier: " Nixon Wills bought a team of horses from Charles Roberson First of the week." Feb 6, 1914 Courier: TJ Foster and Wife formerly of Biggers, recently bought the Farmers Hotel from Nixon Will. They changed the name to City Hotel and remodeled the buildings.
Mar 13, 1914 Courier: " By unanimous vote Nixon wills was elected as the Democratic nominee for road overseer of Kilgore Township."
Benjamin Franklin sold his farm near Corning and moved back to Oak Ridge Missouri. He died there 12 June 1917. He is buried in New Salem Cemetery, Daisy, Missouri.

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Conrad Wills:[30] Conrad was only four years old when his father, Johannes, died, probab

ly from an unexpected accident since he left no will. He must have grown up barely remembering his father. But he had a little sister, Barbara, who was too young to remember him. His older brothers and sisters were teens and still at home. How did he handle the funeral?He must have been both confused and excited as his parents' propertywas auctioned off to all those neighbors who came to see them. Beforehe was ten, his mother remarried Daniel McGee. He was raised withtwo step-brothers, Thomas and Hugh McGee.
About 1817 he was married but we do not know to whom. She must have been Mary or Louese since that is the names of his two daughters. His family is in the 1820 census of Lincoln County.
In 1821, the Wills clan along with many other families from the area got together in a long wagon train and headed west to Missouri. Whenthey arrived, everyone bought land, though it was impossible to geta clear title until 1850, possibly due to the Spanish and French havingfought over the territory until the War of 1812. It must have takenthe courts 30 years to create clear titles. Conrad was apparently close to his mother; he built her a cabin, then built himself one 3-1/2 miles down the trail. Family tradition says that he built it and that it was still standing in 1940.
Here are directions to the land on which Conrad's son, William, livedand which he probably inherited from his father Conrad. My mother, Mildred Goble Maddox (whose mother was born there), went there in the1980s and gave me these directions. Be extremely courteous to the people on whose land you go, walking as much as possible and do not tresspass if not given permission: Drive to intersection of Road Z andRoad TT. Turn west and south on Road Z for one mile. Turn west intothedriveway of Opal Decilis (if she still owns it). Turn onto an old abandoned road bed (Old Road 516 and Road Z) one mile to Avery Walk's mail box (if he still owns it). Turn north through his yard around acurve and down a hill to a meadow. This is apparently where Conrad Wills built his log house around 1821 and where William Wills lived until his death in the 1870s. This is also where the Wills-Decilis cemetery is. The local library, if it has a genealogy section, will probably give you directions to other places of interest.
His family is in the 1830 census of Wayne County. But in the 1830s there was a serious cholorea outbreak in Missouri. It had started a few years earlier in the orient and had gradually worked its way through the near east, then Europe, then America. Conrad died between 1836 and 1838, perhaps also of a lingering cholera. Although His youngest child was born in 1836, and I wonder if his wife died of the samething. They lived near the Mingo Swamp, and it would have carried cholera and malaria.
Conrad was 39 years old. Early deaths of male children and grandchildren would follow. His son, Franklin, was just two years old or maybe even less when Conrad died. Franklin, in turn, was just 23 years old when he died. His son, Charles Christopher, was just two years old when his father died. C. C., as he was called, was just 32 years old when he died. Charles' youngest son was born the year his fatherdied. How sad. We have a poem in our family written either by Franklin or C.C. entitled, "I Have No Father Now." See Franklin's notes.
Clear title to Conrad's land was not possible until many years after he died; his grand daughter, child of William Wills, was able to getaclear title in 1856. She lived in Catharine's cabin. It is not known whether the title included only Catharine's land or Conrad's also.

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James Waterson "Jim" Wills:[31] There was a popular picnic place on Black River, east of Taylor Lake, called the Block Yard. After crops were "layed-by" in summer time Grandpa James Waterson Wills and the men of Blue Community would go to the Block Yard the evening before the agreed upon picnic day. They would camp out for the night. Crawdads and minnows were seined and worms dug for bait. In likly looking places along the river bank fishing lines, called limb lines, were tied to tree limbs that grew out over the river and bated. The lines were "run" after the moon came up. All cough fish were removed and the lines were rebated. Early the next morning the lines were run again. Later that morning the wives and children would join the men. The fish were cleaned, deep fried in lard in a large wash kettle. The same one used to boil wash water on wash day. Potatoes, also fried in lard, was on the menu as well as other vegetables that were in season were prepared for the occasion. Blankets were spread on the grass under the several large trees in the area. Table clothes were placed over the blankets. The food was placed on the tablecloths, and people sat down on the grass close by to eat. Swimming and games were played by kids and adults. On one of these picnics mom, now a teenager, and a friend, neither of whom could swim, were playing in the shallow water near the bank. Just a few feet away was the deep, swift water of the Black River. So enjoyable was the play that the girls did not notice that they had moved out from the bank and were now in water over their heads. The swift current moved them into more and more peril. Both girls began to drown. Ray McCollum, an expert swimmer, who seldom swam for pleasure, was lounging around, taking it easy on the bank near the swimming hole. He heard the shouts of the drowning girls, summed up the situation quickly, removed his shoes and leaped into action. A shallow dive, a few strong strokes brought Ray along side mom's friend. But when he reached out for her, she now in a state of panic began to struggle and fight him. With great strength and swimming skill Ray was able to bring her to the bank and safety. Grampa Wills watched in horror as mom began to bob under and back to the surface in the last stages of drowning. He asked: "Ray would you save Mary too?" Ray replied: "Mr. Wills, I'll try, but I'm very tired. If she fights me I might have to let her go to save myself." Quickly Ray swam to mom. He doubled up his fist and hit her on the side of the head as hard as he could. When he firmly grasp mom's shoulder, she relaxed completely and allowed him to swim her to safety. On the bank, she and her friend recovered, while vomiting up the water they had swallowed. Mom said it was the scariest thing that ever happened to her. She had headaches and a black splotch on the side of her head for a month. During those times Ray saved other people from drowning. He was known as a lifesaver. At age ten Lizzie contacted scarlet fever. She was very sick for a long time, and she missed one term of school. After recovering she returned to school, but had to repeat some grades, because she had lost some of her memory during the illness. Some said she was never the same after that. 21 Feb, 1901 Lizzie wrote to her half sister, Ollie: "Dear Sister I thought I would write to you to let you know that we are well and hope the same to you. Ollie moma said if you are sick to come home and stay till you are well. Ollie we will look for you home Satuday night. Ollie be sure and come home if you are sick. Ollie if harve can't come home why he can stay at ola til you come back there. Ollie me and Dollie is going to school. Dollie is going to the schoolhouse and I go to the hall. I have a nice time at school. Ollie I wrote to minnie Sixte (probably a daughter of Katharine "Katie" Schenk who married GW Siitz) yesterday and I hope she will answer it. Ollie we got a letter from ola and I want you to tell her we will write to her. Olli tell harve I will to him the next time well I close by saying good by. Lizzy Shank Dollie shank" Jim and Lizzie were married 19 March, 1910 by minister James A. Plough. Apr 10, 1914 "Corning Courier": JW Wills and family visited Harve Mason (husband of Ollie) last Sunday. After Dollie, her sister, died Lizzy raised Dollie's kids, Grant and Letha. Grant loved Lizzie like his own mother. Grant married Zee. Grant and Zee never missed a chance to visit Lizzie and Jim. 27 Feb, 1920 JW Wills borrowed 0 from S. P. Blackwood - the loan was due 1 Nov. 1920. He mortgaged 1 gray mare mule 11 years old, one bay horse 8 yrs old and a 3" road wagon and set of double harness:1red horned cow 5 yrs old, 1 black ??? cow 4 yrs old, 1 two yr old hiefer black, 1 red yearling hiefer, and their increase. All my entire crop to be grown on the J. M. Oliver farm consisting of 22 acres of cotton and 8 corn and meadow and my hogs consisting of 3 sows, gils, and shoats number 10 in all and their increase. About 1921 there was a bad drought. Grampa Jim didn't raise enough crop to pay off his mortgage and rent. Grandpa had rented land from Paul Oliver. Paul sold Grampa out. All his farming equipment, teams, wagons - everything. Chris said after that they really had a hard time. There was enough to eat - from the garden, and from canned goods, but little else. For Thanksgiving they cooked an old duck, but saved a turkey and a chicken for later. At Christmas time Chris and Grandma Lizzy were in Corning to buy groceries. Grandma took her last few pennies, bought the kids a couple of pieces of Christmas Candy but no presents. As they started the almost four mile walk home. (North alone the railroad to Williams School district. They lived two houses East from the school.) Grandma stepped on a wad of paper that turned out to be two dollars. Chris said my goodness wonder whose that is. Grandma said I don't care, its mine now. They returned to the store bought more groceries and more Christmas Candy. Grampa hewed railroad ties and worked by the day for anyone needing help. Also worked on the roads and bridges. A neighbor and friend named Roy Elliot rented Grandpa land and let Grandpa use his team and farming equipment to put in a crop and a large garden. Chris said Grandpa was a long time recovering from that bad year and never really got back to where he was before that happened. In 1931 The Blue School District String Band played "good music" at the school's program to Honor the anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth. Paul King, Edger Pulliam, Ray McCollum, and Auther Polk played in the band. Paul played guitar. Once Paul cut his index finger so badly that it grew only about half normal length. This made normal fretting of the guitar impossible for him. Not to worry, Paul just laid the guitar flat on his lap and fretted the strings from above the neck. Later that same year, on a Wednesday, Miss Yealonda and Floyd Wisdon entertained a number of their friends at the Wisdom residence. In attendance was Curtis Wills, Jessie Wills, and Miss Christeen Wills. Also attending were Bunny and Paul King. "Many games were played and all reported a nice time." Once Paul King's dad granted him use of the team and wagon. He and Christeen and another couple rode into Corning to see the movie. On the way back home Chris and Paul were otherwise occupied, so Paul laid the reins aside. Without guidance the team didn't miss a turn on the way homewards. A trip they had made many times, and they were anxious to get back home for rest and hay. When the lovers rode passed the Poor farm, Mr Poor rushed out to them to announce that he had been robbed; and the robbers were headed towards Victory Lake. Chris and the other young lady climbed down from the wagon. Paul, Mr Poor and the other young man lit out at great speed after the robbers. Chris said she was fearful that Paul would come to harm. The robbers stopped at Victory Lake where they were overtaken by Paul and company and the stolen property recovered. With the stolen property returned to its proper place, the young lovers continued on their way home. About this time Grandpa James Wills, Fred Kimbal, Glen Kimbal, and others set out shade trees on the Blue School campus Lizzie dipped snuff. She suffered frequent attacks of constipation; for relief she took "Ex-Lax". Christeen married Paul King. They lived in a small house about 1/4 mile north of Cleve and Hattie Cox. One Monday in December of 1938 The Blue Home Demonstration Club had a progressive club meeting. The group met at Mrs. Mable Kimble's for mattress making and lunch, then proceeded to Mrs. Esmon's for the business meeting. Officers were elected. Some of the officers elected were: Mabel Kimble, reporter; Mrs. Leonard, local gardening leader; Mrs Ora Brewer, local canning leader; Mrs. Orpha Kimble, local foods leader; Mrs Minnie Poor, local poultry leader, and Mrs. Lizzie Wills local home improvements leader. In 1939 Jesse Lee Wills and 80 other Clay County boys joined the CCC. During or just after WWII James and Lizzie moved to Neelyville Missouri. Son, Jesse, joined James in his farming operation. They rented land from Charley Biggs and continued to sharecrop until late 1940s. At this time they bought a tractor and an eighty acre farm located southwest of Neelyville. Grandpa enjoyed gardening, both vegetable and flower. Even when working hard in the field, he made time to care for his garden. He practiced the organic gardening method. Grandpa and grandma maintained a clean home that seemed secure from most bad. John Teague came, as usual, with all his worldly possessions rolled up and strapped to his back. He came walking down the dirt road that passed in front of grandpa's home. He began his walk at Corning. The freight train he had hitched a ride on made a stop at Corning where he hopped off, then knocked on the back doors of homes and offered to work for a meal. After eating a nice meal and working off the debt he enquire as to where Jim Wills lived, then began the 11 mile walk to visit his old friend. Sometimes a wagon would pass and offer him a ride. He arrived at grandpa's on a delightful warm spring day. They had met years before when John had stopped at Grandpa's and offered to work for a meal. Now there relationship was much more. Grandma and grandpa gave John room and board for his companionship, help in putting in their cotton crop, and helping with other chores, like chopping and splitting cook stove wood. John and grandpa went into the woods and selected an ash tree. Ash burned hot and was one of the easiest for splitting into cook stove firewood, red oak would serve well also. They sawed the tree down, chopped off the limbs and chained the tree down in the wagon, and drove the team to the wood pile in the back yard. They unchained the tree and lifted it onto the saw horses, and sawed it into 18 inch lengths. When needed, these lengths were chopped into 2 inch thick slabs. A slab was helt vertical by the left hand on a two foot high chopping block. Carefully aimed axe strokes split 2 inch by 2 inch cook stove fire wood, ideal for fast starting , hot burning firwood. One 'supper' time John announced that since the cotton was in he would be moving on. The next morning after breakfast grandpa and grandma, straieght from the kitchen drying her wet hands on her apron, watched from the front porch as John, with roll strapped to his back, disappeared down the road he came on. Just before passing from sight he turned and offered a last goodby wave of his hand. Grandpa suffered from asthma. He believed the plant, ragweed, caused his malady. So every spring he walked his and surrounding properties chopping down all the ragweed he could find. But still he suffered greatly. Often breathing was so difficult he could not sleep or even lie in bed. These times he sat up all night in a living room chair, gasping for breath. Late in his life medication was developed which helped greatly. He said it was the best thing that ever happened to him. He wished he had such relief when he was young and working, as would have made his life so much better. Grandpa retired and he and Lizzie moved from their home on the farm to a home in Neelyville, where they lived until their deaths. The home in Neelyville was a better house and was close to Doctor Smith. Grandma suffered a stroke that left her in a coma. She was placed in the nursing home in Corning AR and died there about 2 years after her stroke. Joan said it was sad to visit Grandma, because she just laid there, never spoke or reconized anyone. From "Clay County Courier": "MARY E. WILLS FUNERAL SERVICES" "Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Wills, 83 year old resident of route one Neelyville, died at 1:15 p.m., April 17, 1973 at Corning Nursing Home. "She was born February 17, 1890 in Corning and was a member of the Methodist Church of Neelyville where she had resided for 33 years. She was married to JM Wills on March 10, 1910. "Survivors are husband, JW Wills; Two sons Curtis and Jess Wills, both of Neelyville; two daughters Mrs. John (Mary ) Cox and Mrs. Paul (Christeen) King, both of Corning; 11 grandchildren; 22 great-grandchildren; 2 great-great grandchildren. "Funeral services were conducted at the Russell-Ermert Chapel at ten o'clock Thursday morning, April 19, by Rev Wayne Clark, pastor of the United Methodist Church. Burial was in Corning Cemetery." From the "Clay County Courier": "JAMES WILLS NEELYVILLE -- James Wills, a 90 year old resident of route 1 Neelyville, died at 5 p. m. Wednesday in Corning Nursing Home. Services will be held at 1 p.m. Friday in Ermert Funeral Chapel at Corning. The Rev. Muriel Peters will officiate with burial in the Corning Cemetery. Visitation begins at 6 tonight at the funeral home. Mr. Wills was born Nov. 27, 1888 at Oak Ridge (Missouri). The retired farmer was of the Methodist faith. His wife, the former Mary Elizabeth Schenks, died April 17, 1973. they were married March 10 1909, at Corning. Survivors include two sons, James C. and Jesse L. Wills both of Neelyville; two daughter, Mrs Mary Cox and Mrs Christeen King both of Corning; a sister, Mrs. Pearl Roberts, Oak Ridge; 11 grandchildren, 22 great-grandchildren and three great-great-grandchildren."

Needs Name for Source Page


William Martin [32]

Will of William Martin: entered by Jerry Cox

The final years of William Sr.'s life were spent in Brunswick where his will was proved on the 22nd of November 1762. From this we know that his wife's name was Mary but her maiden name is still unknown. Among the names being considered are Lindsey, Hawkins, and Chew. It is unclear if William and Mary married before or after they left Spotsylvania Co. Only 3 children were mentioned in William's will. Their names were William, Henry, and Abraham.

William Martin's Will: 1762 (b4-p311)
"In the name of God Amen... William Martin of Brunswick County Virginia... my body to be buried in a decent Christian manner on my own land. I give and bequeth unto my beloved spouse Mary... my son Henry... my beloved sons William and Abraham my true and lawful exuctors... this first day of July in the second year of our Majesty's reign and in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred & Sixy Two.
3 cows and 3 yearlings; 1 pr of iron wedges; 3 (illegible) & 5 forks; a parcel of old books;
4 old reap hooks; 1 saddle and bridle, 2 pails, 1 washing tub and tray; 2 chests;
2 old (illegible); 1 meal bag; 1 house; 5 casks; 2 gimlets (sp) 2 pr scissors & 1 pr compasses;
a pair of old cards (sp.); 1 hand saw, 1 drawing knife & 1 auger; 2 hides; 3 iron pots and 2 pr. of hooks; 1 loom; 1 Negro man names Boatswain; 1 taper bit; 6 head of sheep;
3 powdering tubs and 1 churn; 1 canister (sp.), i jack, 1 jreppis (sp.) body & 1 razor;
1 old hay; 1 saro; 1 bedstead & leord (sp.), bed & furniture; 3 old barrels;
1 D wench named Hannah and her child; 1 iron handle; a parcel of old iron;
2 bottles and 2 viols (sp.); 1 dish, 3 basins (sp.), 6 plates & 10 spoons; 1 old hatchet; 2 jugs
1 gun; 1 bedstead & D; 1 leather wallet; 1 body iron; 1 pair of hamus (sp.)
Witnesses to William's Will were: William Brown, John Brown, and Benjamin Burrel (Barrell). Executed by oath of Jonathan Williams. Inventory witnesses were Robert Briggs, Philemon Lacy, and James Lindsey.
The above witnesses to William Martin's inventory play a major role in surrounding the future lives of elder William's children. As time went by, Philemon Lacy and James Lindsey were found living in Orange (now Chatham) Co, NC.
William Martin settled in the Northwest corner of Brunswick Co, along the North side of Middle Cedar Creek. His property virtually straddled the border between this couny and Lunenburg County.

Needs Name for Source Page


Thomas Boulware[33]

Thomas had 2 brothers, James and William Boulware. According to some sources, James, his brother , married Marjery/Marjory and William married Elizabeth Harper. From Eve Gregory
No documentation has been found to prove the kinship of the early, early
BOULWARES. Some think that THOMAS BOULWARE,Esq was probably the Uncle of
our two proven brothers WILLIAM and JAMES. For that reason, the following
information on THOMAS BOWLER is included as Section I.
Others say that JOHNA BOULW ARE was the Father of the two brothers.
I. THOMAS BOWLER b ca 1608 England -died 1679.
Old Virginia records show the family name was spelled in various Ways,
LANCASTER COUNTY, VA -JNO. JEFREYS, citizen and grocer of London, power
of attorney to Coll. RICH LEE of Esqr. to transact business -THOMAS
BOWLER, witness -7 Feb 1652/3
One reference in England to THOMAS BOULWARE is found in a will of Michael
Sparke, Citizen and Stationer of London Parish of Sepulchres, without
Newgate, 22nd October 1653... "1 give the remainder ...with the money
owing to me by Mr . THOMAS BOWLER and Mr. ANDERSON , of Yorktown, in
Virginia, to the rest of my grandchildren equally between them." ( This
was, no doubt, THOMAS BOWLER, who later moved to Rappahannock County.
This would indicate that THOMAS BOULWARE was in business in Yorktown as
early as 1653.
Another reference is found in a will of- LUDLOW: "To George Webster, son
of Captain Richard Webster of Jamestown,the silver tankard that Mr.
BOWLER bought in the year 1655."
An article in 'THE STATE (Columbia. SC) quoted a Hollywood authority to
the effect that the "derby" hat was originally known as the "Bowler",
having been designed and first produced by a THOMAS BOWLER, a hatter in
THOMAS BOWLER was one of the original Bowler family emigrants in
Virginia. He was living in Yorktown as early as 1653.
YORK COUNTY, V A -Mr. Robert Vaulx of London and Virginia -
"Robert Vaulx of London, merchant, appointed his wife ELIZABETH, his
agent to collect all debts, tobacco, beaver, goods &c owing him in
Virginia. signed sealed and dated at London the 6th day of September 1656
in the presence of THOMAS BOWLER, Rowland Griffith, ROGER DIXON, ROBERT
MURCHARD Notary Public London.
York County,VA-9Jan 1659
"I, NATHANIEL BACON, Esq, of York County, bind myself to THOMAS BOWLER,
Merchant,... his crop of
tobacco. ..will deliver it to Mr. BOWLER in London by 20 May 1660."
LANCASTER COUNTY, VA 20 Nov 1663- Record Book 2
THOMAS BOWLER was a witness in a suit pending between WILL Copeland,
plaintiff, and RICHD. PERROT, guardian of children of DANIEL WELSH,
deceased. 20 Nov 1663 -Lancaster co, V A
LANCASTER COUNTY, VA 7 May 1664 -Recorded 20 Sept 1664
"JOHN CURTYS of Lancaster sells for 154 pounds sterling, paid by THOMAS
BOWLER, merchant, 6 English servants and 6 negro women, named as follows:
REYNOLDS, Diana Jone ffranke Juno Anno Maria xxx, the said negros
formerly bought by THOMAS BOWLER. Dated 7 May 1664 Recorded 20 Sept 1664
1 Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vo120
2 Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol 29 page 353
Rappahannock from Lancaster County, VA (D.3.102) (D.2.279-280) prior to
Piscataway Creek, in Rappahannock Co., V A is a navigable creek with!
many streams flowing into it. A large branch that flows into Piscataway
from the southeast was considered by many to be Piscataway. It took a
ruling of the court to fix the name Piscataway as that of the west
branch. The other large branch became known as the southeast branch of
Piscataway or King's Swamp. On this Swamp were five water grist mills,
most of which were built before 1692. The south swamp was also called
Green Swamp, Beeby's Swamp, Webb's Mill Swamp, Covington's Mill Swamp,
Dunn's Mill Swamp, and then Essex Mill swamp. Landowners on or near this
swamp were ALEXANDER MacKENNN.

Needs Name for Source Page

Notes On Original Profiles

Original transcriptions are on Space:Short Notes by Jerry Cox.

NI362 about Thomas Cotham

on profile for Thomas Cotham.

NI1489 about James Wilkie

Note was originally entered on Wilke-92. However LNAB was changed to WIlkie.
Here's a little bit about the Wilkie's former county. Their homeland is in northeastern Scotland, in the North Sea port of Banff. After James' marriage to Isabel Peterkin he lived in Fordyce where his 8 children were born. The origins of the village go back the better part of a thousand years. The village still follows a medieval plan, it is a magical place, a warren of narrow streets, lovely houses and cottages complete with gardens, all wrapped around its magnificent centrepiece, Fordyce Castle.


  1. NI18 originally on Catherine Reigelman mentions: to be completed later.
  2. NI355P1Cotham.
  3. NI355P2Cotham.
  4. NI385Cox.
  5. NI393Cox Creation of Profile for Hopkins Muse Cox.
  6. NI400Cox
  7. NI437Crites
  8. NI479Drach
  9. NI842Drach
  10. NI520Stone
  11. NI580 originally on "Ollie" Melinda Green mentions: Dean, Susie, to be completed later.
  12. NI583Green
  13. NI797Terry
  14. NI842McFarland
  15. NI852Newsom
  16. NI910Pulliam
  17. NI966Roberts
  18. NI990Schenck
  19. NI992Schenck
  20. NI995Schenck
  21. NI1115Cox
  22. NI1130Stone
  23. NI1205Throgmorton
  24. NI1248Upshaw
  25. NI1323Will
  26. NI1330Will
  27. NI1333Will
  28. NI1340Wills
  29. NI1345Wills
  30. NI1349Wills
  31. NI1369Wills
  32. NI1501Martin
  33. NI1540Boulware

See also:

to be completed later.
  • NI362 remains on profile of Cotham, Thomas since note mentions facts only about himself.
  1. Cotham, Alfred Sampson
  2. Cotham, Moses Payne
  • Those mentioned in this note include:
to be completed later.
to be completed later.

  • NI393Cox,, Hopkins Muse: Hopkins Cox and the Will of his Father

  • NI400 originally on [[Cox-5660|Cox, ]James C.] mentions:
to be completed later.
to be completed later.

  • NI437Crites, Melissa: History of the Roberts Family (not entered)

Melissa Crites[34]

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Was a duplicate of: Space:Settling On The Holston River Use page to orginize notes of Jerry Cox.



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