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Crawford Branches

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Ancient Ancestor Claims

Thor Longus (abt.1045-abt.1120) is the earliest known ancestor of the House of Crawford.[1]

  • Origin: Borders area, most likely Northumbria.
  • Documented: Archaeological evidence - His seal, as shown on the right.
  • No children were mentioned in the charters, letters and records available at PoMS, but this in itself does not rule out the possibility. It is accepted that any children he may have had, died before him.

Sweyn (Crawford) Thorsson (abt.1065-bef.1090) is believed to be the son of Thor Longus.[2]

  • Origin: Borders area, most likely Northumbria.
  • Documented: More research is needed
  • It is clear that he is not the same individual as Swain, Priest of Fishwick.[3]

Galfridus Swaneson of Crawford (estimated 1085 to unknown)

  • Origin: Berwickshire, Scotland
  • Documented: A genealogical account of the principle families in Ayrshire; (1823); pg 164
  • It is most likely that he would have used the name Geoffrey (Old English) or Goraidh (Scots) rather than the Latin name of Galfridus.
  • Attributed Family:
    • Hugh Crawford (son)
    • Reginald Crawford (son)
    • Swane Thorsson of Crawford (father)
    • Thor Longus of Ednam (grandfather)

Crawfurds of Loudoun

Hugh Crawfurd (estimated 1236 to 1296)
  • Origin: Ayrshire
  • Is believed to have succeeded his father as Sheriff of Ayr about 1250.
  • Attributed Family:
    • Reginald Crawfurd (father) born 1190; died 1250
    • Margaret Loudoun (mother) daughter of James Loudoun
    • Margaret Crawfurd (daughter) married Malcolm Wallace
      • William Wallace (grandson) born 1274; died 1305
    • Reginald Crawfurd (son) died 1303
      • Susanna Crawfurd (granddaughter) married Duncan Campbell (The lineage of the Dukes of Argyle)

Crawfurds of Crawford-John

John Crawford (estimated 1248 to 1308)
  • Origin: Loudoun
  • Received the Barony of Crawford-John as his inheritance.
  • Attributed Family:
    • Reginald Crawfurd (father) born 1190; died 1250
    • Margaret Loudoun (mother)
    • Hugh Crawfurd (brother) Progenitor of the Loudoun Crawfords, as well as the ancestor of the Dukes of Argyle
    • Reginald Crawfurd (son) received half of the Barony of Crawfurd-John as his inheritance.
    • Margaret Crawfurd (daughter) married Walter Barclay in 1174 and received the other half of the Barony lands.
Reginald Crawfurd (estimated 1288 to 1348)
  • Origin: Crawfurdjohn
  • A strong supporter of Robert the Bruce
  • Received grant of lands in Cuninghame (Ayrshire) from Robert the Bruce
  • Attributed Family:
    • John Crawfurd (father) born 1248; died 1308
    • Roger de Crawfurd (son)
Roger de Crawford (estimated 1324 to 1384)
  • Origin: Crawfurdjohn
  • Taken prisoner with King David II at the Battle of Durham in 1346.
  • Attributed Family:
    • Reginald Crawfurd (father) born 1288; died 1348
    • Malcolm de Crawfurd (son) aquired the Barony of Greenock Easter through his marriage to a daughter of Malcolm Galbraith of Greenock
Malcolm de Crawfurd (estimated 1350 to 1425)
  • Origin: Crawfurdjohn
  • Married a daughter of Malcolm Galbraith of Greenock and acquired the Barony of Greenock Easter through this marriage, about 1390
  • Attributed Family:
    • Roger de Crawfurd (father)
    • Roger de Crawfurd (son)

Crawfords of Auchinames

Crawfords of Kilbirney

Crawfords of Crawfordjohn

Crawfords of Craufurdland

Crawfords of Jordanhill

Jordanhill - an estate in the west end of Glasgow, part of which is now a college and hospital near Victoria Park[4]
Thomas Crawford (Craufurd) of Jordanhill was born about 1530. He died about 1603. He was the son of Lawrence Crawford of Kilbirnie Place, near Kilbirnie (now North Ayrshire). He was the youngest of six sons and became a professional soldier. He married Janet Ker of Kerlsand. The family sold the estate in 1750.

Crawfords of Kerse

Esplin (Crawford) Crawford of Kerse 1st
Alexander (Crawford) Crawford of Kerse 2nd
Bartholomew (Crawford) Crawford of Kerse 3rd

Crawfords of Baidland & Ardmillan

Dalmagregan Crawfords

NOTE: Please add to the list as needed.


  1. Robertson, George; A genealogical account of the principle families in Ayrshire; (Constable, A. and Co.; Edinburgh, 1823); pg. 159
  2. Robertson, George; A genealogical account of the principle families in Ayrshire; (1823); pg 163
  3. PoMS Record: Person Record
  4. Wikipedia Article:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Crawford_of_Jordanhill
  • .pdf copy of the book: The Crawfords of Donegal, and How They Came There: A Contribution to family history carefully compiled from the most authentic sources, by Robert Crawford, M.A, 1897. http://www.h-f-h.org.uk/gallery/crawfords.pdf

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Amy, on https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Crawford_DNA#Relationship_Between_Known_Branches I have listed out the branches as shown in the study of Crawford heraldry by Kevan Crawford, PhD (original president of the Clan Crawford Association) and on https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Laurus_Crawfordiana#Cadet_branches_as_named_and_grouped_by_the_author I have listed the cadets that George Crawfurd found in his research in the early 1700s. Should I update the branches here to at include the ones shown on those two sources?

Side note, I'm also trying to compile a full lineage top to bottom on the Laurus Crawfordiana page, there are some places it won't fit, but it should also help to understand where those cadets branch and merge again (or end). Might take me a while as I work through Raymond's translation of George's work. If anything I find there can be added here, I'll do that.

posted by Jonathan Crawford
This was the official study page for this kind of work. There is no DNA work associated with what I've done to date, so yes, I would appreciate it if that was added as well. Any information that is contradictory, should be discussed.
posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin