Crawford Name Study

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Location: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: Crawford Craufurd Crauford
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About the Project

The Crawford Name Study project serves as a collaborative platform to collect information on the CRAWFORD name. The hope is that other researchers like you will join the study to help make it a valuable reference point for other genealogists who are researching or have an interest in the Crawford name.

As a One Name Study, this project is not limited to persons who are related biologically. Individual studies can be used to branch out the research into specific methods and areas of interest, such as geographically (Scotland Crawford's), by time period (18th Century Crawford's), or by topic (Crawford DNA, Crawford Occupations, Crawford Statistics). These studies may also include a number of family branches which have no immediate link with each other. Some researchers may even be motivated to go beyond the profile identification and research stage to compile fully sourced, single-family histories of some of the families they discover through this name study project.

Also see the related surnames and surname variants.

How to Join

To join the Crawford Name Study, first start out by browsing our current research pages to see if there is a specific study ongoing that fits your interests. If so, feel free to add your name to the Membership list below, post an introduction comment on the specific team page, and then dive right in!

If a research page does not yet exist for your particular area of interest, please contact the Name Study Coordinator: Amy Gilpin for assistance.

... ... ... is a member of the Crawford Name Study Project.

Once you are ready to go, you can also show your project affiliation with the ONS Member Sticker:


Research Pages

Here are some of the current research pages included in the study.

DNA Pages

If you have questions or need assistance with DNA, please contact Jonathan Crawford, our DNA Research contact.

General Research Resources

Contentious and/or Conflated Lineages



Please see Crawford Name Study - Member Research Areas for a more detailed outline of research areas.

Related Surnames and Surname Variants

This study includes the variants:

  • Craufurd (Traditional Scottish Spelling)
  • de Crawford (Anglo spelling pre-1500)

Possible Misspellings or Other Variants

  • Crofferd - Knox County, Tennessee, USA
  • Crauford - origin unknown at this time

Comments: 38

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I am researching William Crawford of Philadelphia (specifically of Kingsessing towship) (Crawford-26132). I saw that no one else on here had entered my group of Crawfords so I did so. All we really have on him are a couple of census records (1850 and 1840) and the family stories. He worked for the Railroad and left sometime after 1851. His wife, Jemima, was committed to the Alms House of Philadelphia for many years. Her 2nd son, Capt Emmet Crawford, was paying for her care until his death in 1886. His two surviving brothers argued over who should get his body and who was going to care for their mother. The eldest son, Charles, remained in Philadelphia and was a florist until his death in 1913 (he never married or had children). The third son, Zachary Crawford, suffered from debilitation due to the Civil War. However, he married and had 4 children survive, 2 of which have continued the line (a third had children but the last surviving member of that line has not). The family settled in Kearney, Nebraska. So there are are lot of Nebraska Crawfords carrying on the name.

I'm interested in trying to figure out where we fit and I might be able to contact on of the male Crawfords if a Y chromasome test would be useful. Especially if it might help pin down where we fit.

I have recently gotten 2 DNA hits that link to the Crawford line, but I'm not sure how accurate they are.

One point of confusion has been that there are two William Crawfords born in the first decade of the 1800's who both married a Jemima. But our Jemima is a Rodgers and theirs is a Berford and none of the details match. Still the name has caused a few less skilled amateur genealogists to confuse the two and mix them up. is insistent that Williams's father is John Crawford, but that is the other William's father, not ours. But to research the DNA connections, I accepted the error until I can figure it out.

posted by Mark Breuer
Welcome aboard Mark! Thank you for helping. I'll get you added to the list. Hopefully Jonathan will be able to help get you started with the DNA research.
posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin
I'd recommend getting Y-DNA tested. It can be a little pricey but it goes a long way to helping you trace back your paternal line. I compared us on GEDMatch and we have 3 shared segments: 4.5, 4.6 and 4.6 cM. We're likely distantly related.

posted by Luke Brady
Hi Luke,

Do you have any Crawfords in Pennsylvania? Mine are in Philadelphia, but there is another group in Westmorland and Armstrong counties in PA that I think might be connected.

posted by Mark Breuer
I am not familiar with Pennsylvania Crawford's. Mine are in Virginia, North Carolina, Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee mostly. You might be of the R1 line I am in the I2 line.

I have found a very helpful site for finding records. I have used it extensively for building out my ancestors on wikitree.

posted by Luke Brady
Is there any objection to my merging these duplicate profiles: William Crawford II (1662-1732) and William Crawford (abt.1662-abt.1732)
posted by Kay (Johnson) Wilson
I would go ahead and propose the merge, as (at least on the surface) they appear to be the same person. Thank you Kay!
posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin
I proposed the merge a month ago (December 12). Neither profile manager agreed (or disagreed) to the merge, and it's gone to default. This comment appears on Crawford-4614, so that's why I asked: "This profile is under active study. Please contact the profile manager and Crawford Name Study manager with proposed changes."
posted by Kay (Johnson) Wilson
The person who added that notice is not a profile manager of either profile. I see no reason why they should not be merged. Thank you for following up on this.
posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin
Hello everyone, the wife of the well-known Italian and Forlì politician Aurelio Saffi was Janet Craufurd, known to us as Giorgina Saffi.
posted by Roberto Valtancoli
edited by Roberto Valtancoli
Hi, I'm REALLY new here and actually stumbled on this site looking for info about my grandfather. The Universe kind of dropped a family lineage that was tucked inside of a letter to my grandmother in my lap. I've copied it (verbatim) into a word file, but I'm not sure how to share this information out. It starts with James Crawford in Va (apparently he was used as some of the subject matter for a book at the time of the letter) and meanders through Indiana with several 2nd and even a few 3rd marriages and MANY children, coming forward until my grandparents. Any suggestions on how to share would be truly appreciated!
posted by Lizzie (Larlham) Oala
Hi Lizzie

Could you please send a private message to me and I will include Jonathan in my emailed response. We will do our best to help.

posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin
Please add Space:Crawford_Name_Study_Census_Records to the Research Pages section. Anyone who wishes to help out is welcome! Thanks!
posted by Jonathan Crawford
Added! Thanks Jonathan for working on this.
posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin
Amy, in identifying Y-DNA ancestry I have detached my ancestors from the line of John Crawford of Virginia (study page noted above). If I wanted to start new lineage pages to track findings for my current line as well a couple of others that have been matched on FTDNA (but have no common paper trail), I should create a new space page and then notify you to add it to the list of research pages here?
posted by Jonathan Crawford
Hi Jonathan

If you'd like to start a new page please, and link it to the study, that would be great. Thanks! Hope you are finding the answers you have been looking for.

posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin
Thanks, trying to think of the cleanest way to do this, because while I like your location approach to the Waxhaw lineage, I don't have anything clean like that and Pennsylvania overlaps with others, as does the North Carolina/Virginia of the other lineage with the Waxhaw line.

So, thinking about and starting categories at the haplogroup level differentiating the ancient clan branches as per the current Clan Crawford project, then setting up something like "Category:Crawford Y-STR Haplogroup R Group 1" for me/my related unknown connected branch, "Category:Crawford Y-STR Haplogroup I2 Group 1" for John Crawford of Virginia's branch, and similar for any of the other known branches with testing. Then a "Category:Crawford Y-STR Haplogroup Untested" category as a catch-all. Building free space pages for each one explaining what they are, and how to use them.

Lastly, adding those higher level category groups to the Free Space Pages as well as the individual profiles, so they lump together if related, even if there are multiple? Should allow us to locate lists and map them on wikitree+ too, which could be fun.

posted by Jonathan Crawford
edited by Jonathan Crawford
Since I have very little experience working with DNA, I'm happy for you to do that. If you need help with the category structure, just let me know
posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin
Please add Crawford DNA to the list of Research Pages and the same as a link for the text "Crawford DNA" in the "About the Project" paragraph. I will link the groups from there, and add the categories appropriately from there.
posted by Jonathan Crawford
All set, Jonathan! Thanks so much for working on this.
posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin
Thanks Amy!

I have figured out how to create a page. Where I’m struggling is how to organize the information.

Another issue will be the fact that the titles of the posts may not be descriptive enough.

Also - if I link to the posts, what will happen when my blog dies? Is there a way to upload pdf files of the posts to wikitree?

As this pertains to DNA, hopefully Jonathan will be able to have a look as well. Thank you for adding your research to the study.
posted by Amy (Crawford) Gilpin
Tracking down my ancestors has brought me close to the Kilbirnie Crawford line. Perhaps, the most famous member of this family has been Robert Craufurd, one of Wellington's generals during the Peninsular war. Craufurd was famous, or infamous, for his storming temper. His nickname was "Black Bob", supposedly given to him as a result of his temper tantrums. .

My father had, and one of my daughters has, a very quick, scary temper. As a consequence, I have long wondered if there is something genetic in action here.

All you Crawfords out there, related to the Baronetcy of Kilbirnie line, are there people in your family whom you have to tiptoe around for fear of setting them off? Do we all have a Crawford gene for a volatile temper?


Billy Crawford.

posted by Billy Crawford
Added the following books to the page owned by wikitreers, the House of Crawford Vol II in particular may be of interest
  • Hester Murray. Family Record of James Crawford (1774-1845) of Washington County, Pennsylvania and Medina County, Ohio. (Newberry's Print Shop, Creston, Ohio,194-?). Jonathan M Crawford
posted by Jonathan Crawford
Hi! My mother was a Crawford here is the line

Chester Crawford Omer Crawford Philip Crawford and my brick wall Jonathan William Crawford b-1816-1820 Franklin Pennsylvania d-1892 Darke Ohio Married Mary Jane Sanson Please if anyone could help!!

Cheryl, for what it's worth, I'm hoping the census record pages will help us sort this out (among others). My "next steps" for Jonathan include:

1. look for all jonathan crawfords on 1850 census 2. look for all mary crawfords on 1850 census and after 3. look for all jonathan crawfords born in iowa from 1810 to 1830 4. look for all mary sansons born in pennsylvania from 1810 to 1830 5. compare all family lists to each other on census records to make sure the families make sense, and try to find those family "head of households" in prior census records

posted by Jonathan Crawford
My maternal aunt’s Maiden name was Crawford, her brother Ian Crawford.
posted by Anthony Mellor F.C.A.
I have Crawfords all over my tree (mothers father, and fathers mothers way back)

Mothers Crawfords: My great great grandfather Andrew Charles Crawford was born in Lisnacreeve ( Clogher, Donacavey) County Tyrone Northern Ireland, died in KS (1898). I only learned this because I messaged a DNA match who matched his brother (that I didn't know about). Andrew and his brothers William, James and John came with their parents William Crawford and Margaret (Culbertson?) to Pittsburgh, PA in 1849. Margaret was from Dromore, County Tyrone. John was married to Isabella Love whose mother was Elizabeth Crawford of a different set of Crawfords (supposedly from the Earl of Crawfords). Williams brother Andrew Crawford stayed in County Tyrone when everyone else immigrated on the Ship HURON. Uncle Andrews adopted son "Wee Andy" stole the farm at this point... unknown if he continued using the surname Crawford.

Fathers Mother Crawfords: Elizabeth Crawford born 1759 County Down married John Scott died 1853 Beaver, PA (she is my 5th great grandmother)

My Uncle will be doing a Y DNA test shortly. Will let you know when results come back.

posted by Brooke Allen
edited by Brooke Allen
You should suggest to your uncle to either purchase a test through the Clan Crawford Association DNA project ( ), or consider sharing results. They are actively working on identifying haplogroups within each branch of the family, and at least one that has very little test results right now.

I would like to participate myself, but haven't put aside the funds yet for the specific test that would be of most use, it's not the cheapest option.

posted by Jonathan Crawford
He is part of the I1-13 group. Haplogroup I-M253 I can tell you more if you want.

not cheap... I've spent almost $1000 in dna tests this year.

posted by Brooke Allen has a bunch of entries for I-M253, specific SNPs will narrow that down further, but you may be able to just identify an ancestor by name/birthdate on the left. I changed the form to 1000 per page, did a Ctrl+F for I-M253
posted by Jonathan Crawford
My Grandfather Robert Baden Powell Crawford told us of our ancestors. 9 of the Earls of Crawford Lindsay from Scotland and that he would have been the Earl present day had one not tried to murder his father for the title.
Hi Amy, my Grandfather was James Campbell CrawfUrd. He always told us that his surname was the correct one. Obviously that is not the case, there are many variants. I know that my Great Grandfather went to New Zealand in the mid 1800s from Scotland and would like to join the Crawford project page, if possible.

Regards Raelee Ryan

posted by Raelee Chambers
My husband has many very old Crawford connections.I would like to join the Crawford project page.
My mother was a Crawford from a line in Texas and Pike County Georgia that I’ve traced back to Renfrewshire Scotland. Not sure what you want to do with that but be glad to help.
Crawford is my mother’s maiden name. It looks like they came out of upper E Tennessee in early 1800’s. Some then came to Powell (Knoxville) Tennessee.

Would love to check my tree and see if I can get through to 1700,s

posted by Luke Williams