Location: Llanllawddog, Carmarthenshire
This page is devoted to records of this place-name in Carmarthenshire. The place appears with innumerable spellings: Groslwyd, Croesllwyd, Groes lwyd, Crosslwyd, Cors Lwyd, Croslwyd, Croeslwyd, Groes-lŵyd, etc.
Croeslwyd is located around 51.9111°, -4.2499°, within the parish of Llanllawddog, near the parish of Abergwili. The location is about 5 miles NNE of the city of Carmarthen.
The name probably relates to "crossing" or "cross."
In the 1800s Croeslwyd was associated with the Davies family, a family of tenant farmers who apparently owned no land. Benjamin David's will shows that the occupation of Croeslwyd was his until his death in 1835. Croeslwyd was associated with the household of his son David Davies in the censuses of 1841, 1851 and 1861. In the 1871 census, David Davies's two daughters Mary Davies and Margaret Davies resided at Croeslwyd. In the censuses of 1891, 1901 and 1911, the same Mary Davies and her husband, coincidentally named David Davies, lived at Croeslwyd.
Timeline of Records
1835 — Last will and testament of Benjamin David of Croesllwyd. The document shows that Benjamin bequeathed all ownership and occupation of Croesllwyd to his wife and after her decease to his sons (by his first wife Catharine).
1841 — Census record in Llanllawddog of David Davies household: "Crosslwyd."
1841 — Census record in Llanllawddog of Thomas James household: "Crosslwyd."
1842 — Llanllawddog Tithe Map: "Cors Lwyd."
1851 — Census record in Llanllawddog of David Davies household: "Crosslwyd."
1861 — Census record in Llanllawddog of David Davies household: "Crosslwyd."
1876 — Newspaper item, The Western Mail, Cardiff, 27 November 1876 (available via The National Library of Wales): John Oliver, labourer, of Croeslwyd, Llanllawddog, was charged by Messrs. Wm. Davies, of the Central Wales and Carmarthen Junction Railway, with having travelled on that line without having paid his fare, on the 14th November. The defendant, it seemed, had travelled from Carmarthen to Llanarthney with an Abergwili ticket, and, when demanded, had refused to pay the extra fare. He said that he had paid the full amount at Carmarthen, and had only been supplied with an Abergwili ticket. A fine of 2s and 18p costs was inflicted and, in default of payment, was committed to gaol for a fortnight.
1881 — Census record in Llanllawddog of John Oliver household: "Croeslwyd."
1888 — Ordnance Survey (map): "Groes-lŵyd."
1891 — Census record in Llanllawddog of David Davies household: "Croeslwyd."
1901 — Census record in Llanllawddog of David Davies household: "Croeslwyd."
1903 — Newspaper item, The Carmarthen Journal and South Wales Weekly Advertiser, 28 August 1903 (available The National Library of Wales). The title "Sale of Freehold Property" included several items, one of which reads: Ffoshelig field, Lllanllawddog, 2a. 3r. 16p., £55, Mr Thomas Williams, Lan, Abergwili, for Mr David Davies, Groeslwyd.
1907 — Ordnance Survey (map): "Groes-lŵyd."
1953 — Ordnance Survey (map): "Groes-lŵyd."