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DeWitt County, Texas

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Contents

History

Ruby red Begonia home.


1000's years ago -Paleo Indians- (Hunter-Gatherers) Archeological digs indicate early habitation from the Paleo-Indians. [1]
Comanche and Waco tribes were pushed further west as more Europeans emigrated to British and French colonies on the East Coast.[2]
14th century -Coahuiltecan, Tonkawa, and Karankawa Native Americans immigrated into the area in the 14th century, and these Native Americans either died away, or were killed by other tribes.
1500's there were:Tonkawa, Aranamas, Tamiques, Karankawa Native Americans. Tawakoni , Lipan Apache and Comanche who lived and hunted in the county.[1]
1519–1824 See: Wiki Tree's New Spain (Nueva España) Free Space Page (History of colonization of New Spain and Texas.
1528 - The first Europeans were Four survivors of the ill-fated 1528 Narváez expedition. Only Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and Estevanico were rescued by their fellow Spaniards and Estevanico served as a guide and was murdered shortly after being rescued::
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Alonso del Castillo Maldonado, Andrés Dorantes de Carranza, Estevanico (Estebanico), slave
1528 European explorers who visited the county were: Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Alonso del Castillo Maldonado, Andrés Dorantes de Carranza, and his slave Estevanico, Narváez expedition. French explorer René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle crossed the area heading westward from Victoria region.to have crossed the county on his way westward from Victoria County La Baha was a common route, no evidence of any settlements exist before the Anglo homesteaders.
1685–1690 France plants its flag on Texas soil, but departs after only five years.[1]
1811 Spain abolishes slavery in most of its territories (exception: Caribbean Islands, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Santo Domingo)

[3]

1821 Mexico claims its independence from Spain. Anglo-Americans from the United States migrated to settle in Texas swore an oath to Mexico to gain land grants. All had to converse in Spanish as well.
French explorer René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle is thought to have crossed the county on his way westward from Victoria County . La Bahía was a common route, no evidence of any settlements exist before the Anglo homesteaders.
Immortal 32.
"Tumlinson Fort, also known as the Tumlinson blockhouse, was on the headwaters of Brushy Creek in what is now Williamson County."
  • 1825 Green DeWitt Colony was approved by Mexico for petition for a land grant to establish a DeWitt Colony, from Texas colony, Mexico [1] In April 1825 Empresario Green DeWitt was authorized by the Mexican government to settle 400 families between the Guadalupe and Lavaca rivers. These pioneers began landing at the mouth of the Lavaca, which became the site of the Old Station settlement. Of the 179 people who took up the 199 DeWitt colony grants, 39 were located in what is now DeWitt County, almost all on farms along the Guadalupe River. Old Station Settlement began on the Guadalupe and Lavaca Rivers. [4][5][6][7]
1826 The Arthur Burns family established the first home in the county on Irish Creek near present Cuero. Irish Creek Settlement became one of the two principal areas of growth, the other being Upper Cuero Creek Settlement, which was founded in 1827.
1826-1831 settlers arrived from Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and other Southern states, even Europe.
1827 - treaty with the Karankawa was negotiated
1828 Jean Louis Berlandier visits, he finds settler cabins, a fort-like barricade, agriculture and livestock, as well as nearby villages of Tonkawa and Karankawa .[1]
Gonzales Colony is established and named for Rafael Gonzáles, governor of Coahuila y Tejas. It was settled by the first Anglo-American community west of the Colorado River.[2]
1831 The government sends a 6-pound cannon to Gonzales for settlers' protection against Indian raids. (Come and Take It Cannon)[2]
1832 - Charles Lockhart and Clements served in this government of the Mexican municipality.
  • Jose Antonio Navarro was appointed land commissioner for DeWitt's Colony]] and issued 180 titles in 1831 and 1832. .
1832 -35 Gonzales Colony sent delegates to conventions (1832–1835) to discuss settlers' disagreements with Mexico.[1]
September 1835– The Mexican government viewed the conventions as treason. Troops are sent to Gonzales to retrieve the cannon. Citizens refused to give up the cannon.....[2]
Come and Take it Cannon.
October 2, 1835 – The Battle of Gonzales became the first shots fired in the Texas Revolution. The colonists put up armed resistance, with the cannon pointed at the Mexican troops, and above it a banner proclaiming, "Come and take it". Commemoration of the event has become the annual "Come and Take It Festival".[1]
1835-36 Texas Revolution involving many battles, most know are Concepcion, Siege of Bexar, Storming of Bexar, the Battle of the Alamo, Bahia, Goliad, and San Jacinto.
Oct 13 – Dec 9, 1835Siege of Bexar - first major campaign of the Texas Revolution . Dec, 1835 - Battle of Bexar - Dec 1835 was a Texian victory.[1]
February 23, 1836 – The Army led by Santa Anna arrived and began the Siege of the Alamo. Alamo messenger Launcelot Smither carried Col William Barrett Travis' letter to the people of Gonzales and all colonies of Texas. Col William Barrett Travis's letter stating "the enemy is in sight" and requesting men and provisions.[1]
Feb 24, 1836 – Capt Albert Martin delivered the famous "Victory or Death" Col. Travis letter addressed "To the People of Texas and All Americans in the World", stating the direness of the situation to Gonzales. Launcelot Smither then took the letter to San Felipe, site of the provisional Texas government. in Gonzales [1]
February 27, 1836 – Gonzales Alamo Relief Force of 32 men, led by Lt George Chester Kimble (Kimball), depart to join the defenders within the Alamo.[2]
March 1, 1836 – The Gonzales "Immortal 32" make their way inside the The Alamo [1]
Gonzales Immortal 32.
March 2-5, 1836 – Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico establishes the Republic of Texas
March 6, 1836 -Battle of the Alamo, Fall of the Alamo.See:Defenders in the Battle of the Alamo and

Immortal 32 of Gonzales Colony

The Mexican Army overran the Alamo. All Alamo Defenders including Tejanos and the Gonzales Alamo Relief Force of 32 were killed, except one man who hid in the chapel and one man who "elected to leave the Alamo rather than fight for the cause. [2]
post March 6, 1836, Gonzales settlers fled eastward to escape the Mexican Army. These were called Runaway Scrape.[2][1]
Mar 13-14, Samuel (Sam) Houston orders town of Gonzales torched to the ground, and makes his headquarters under a county oak tree. All fear the Mexican Army is headed for Gonzales.[2][1]
Apr 21-22 - Battle of San Jacinto, Santa Anna is defeated.[2][1]
May 14Santa Anna signs the Treaties of Velasco.[2]
1836 -Gonzales County -created, named for its county seat, the city of Gonzales by legislature. The county was created in 1836
1837 - Gonzales County organized
1838 Gonzales men found the town of Walnut Springs (re-named Seguin, Texas in honor of Juan Nepomuceno Seguin).
1840 Gonzales men join the Battle of Plum Creek against Buffalo Hump and the Comanche.[1]
Feb 2, 1842 -DeWitt County had 2 dates of origin: DeWitt County (Judicial), was created 1842. This was declared unconstitutional in the fall.
1845, December 29Texas Annexation by the United States. After annexation parts of Gonzales County were detached to form Caldwell County, Comal County, DeWitt County, Fayette County, Guadalupe County, Jackson County, Lavaca County, and Victoria counties. [2]
1846 DeWitt County was finally approved. as a county. This began as DeWitt Colony in the years when Texas was a colony.[8]
1846 Judge James McCulloch Baker was appointed by Governor James Pinckney Henderson to establish the temporary county government. First county seat courthouse was Daniel Boone Friar's store at the junction of the La Bahía Road and the Gonzales-Victoria road.
Nov 28, 1850, Clinton was the county seat until Cuero became county seat in 1876.
German settlers preferred the sweet potato over Irish potato. Many sweet potato crops are grown here.
1850 Gonzales College is founded by slave-owning planters, and is the first institution in Texas to confer A.B. degrees for women.[2]
1853 The Gonzales Inquirer begins publication.[2]
1860 County population is 8,059, including 3,168 slaves.[1]
1861 County votes 802–80 in favor of secession from the Union.[1]
February 1, 1861 – Texas secedes from the Union (the 7th state to secede, therefore the 7-Star Confederate Flag was the Flag the Texas Militia used throughout the Civil War)
1861 -Dewitt County voted in favor of secession from the Union. DeWitt military units served in Confederacy.
March 2 – Texas joins the Confederate States of America
Dec , 1863 – The Confederacy commissions Fort Waul, and constructs it with slave labor.[2]
April 9, 1865Robert E. Lee formally surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox
Post Civil War- Settlers moved to the county from Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, South Carolina, and Arkansas.[1]:April 1, 1866 - first cattle drive of the Chisholm Trail, beginning at Cardwell's Flat, Cuero.
1866-69 During Reconstruction, the county was occupied by the Fourth Corps, based at Victoria, Texas.
1866–1876 -Sutton–Taylor feud- a Reconstruction era county law altercation between the Taylor family and lawman William Sutton, Texas State Police and Texas Rangers. This involved outlaw John Wesley Hardin- hideout in Pilgrim. Thirty-five lives were lost. See: Creed Taylor [9]
April 1866 -Dec 1868- Aide to the commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau oversaw Clinton.
1870, March 30 – The United States Congress re-admits Texas into the Union. (Following the Civil War Confederacy.)
1872- Hopkinsville]] was established by Henry Hopkins, a former slave of Judge Henry Clay Pleasants. this was the judge who brought end to the "Sutton-Taylor Feud.
DeWitt's first rail line, the Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific extended to San Antonio. The San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railwaywas 2nd line in the county.
1874 Galveston, Harrisburg, and San Antonio Railroad|The Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway]] is built through the eastern and northern part of the county.[2]
1877 Texas and New Orleans Railway comes to the county.
1881 The Gonzales Branch Railroad is chartered.
1885San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railroad runs through the county.
1898 Twenty-three county men serve, with two casualties, during the Spanish–American War.
http://www.cuerodc.com/community-profile/history-of-cuero/
Three serve with the Rough Riders.[2]
1905 The Southern Pacific line bypasses the community of Rancho.
World War I – 1,106 men from the county serve. See: Texans in the Great War and Texas in The Great War [1]
1907 Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway came through DeWitt.
Cuero, Tx Turkey Trot.
Residents began a school that was active until 1956, and established the Antioch Baptist Church
1912 - Cuero began enterprise of raising turkeys and the Turkey Trot festival.:1925 3 rail lines became controlled by Southern Pacific, operating as the Texas and New Orleans Railroad. Passenger service continued until November 1950.
World War II – 3,000 men from Gonzales County serve, with 79 casualties. Texas Military, Veterans [2]
1935 – Governor James Allred dedicates a monument in community of Cost, commemorating the first shot of the Texas Revolution. Battle of Gonzales.
1941- US Army Air Corps opened Cuero Field, which had trained 290 cadets, at Cuero Municipal Airport as a pilot flight school.. The school was deactivated in 1944.
1846 Two dates for origin are listed forDeWi The county was established in 1846 and it is named for Green DeWitt The present county was part of DeWitt colony and settlement dates to settlement in 1825. The county officially has two dates of origin, 1842 and 1846.
The present-day DeWitt County was formed from Goliad, Gonzales, and Victoria counties.

Government

  • DeWitt County has had three courthouses: 1847, 1858, 1897.[10]

1846 A temporary county government was set up in 1846. County seat was Daniel Boone Friar's store at the junction of the La Bahía Road and the Gonzales-Victoria road.

1847 1st Courthouse in Cameron; the building is gone now. Materials- Vernacular log cabin, (16’x18′) [11]

Dewitt county courthouse.

DeWitt County Courthouse from Wikipedia

'Nov 28, 1850 2nd Courthouse- Clinton became the county seat. Building was completed ; 1852 Cl County Seat: Clinton; Present Status: Gone; Building Materials/Description: Vernacular, log cabin [11]

Mexican Land Grant.

1857 3rd Courthouse No image Building Completion Date: 1857. Built in County Seat: Clinton/Cuero. According to Terry Jeanson, Texas Escape: people did not like this courthouse, Moved to Cuero 1876. Present Status: Gone. [11]

1876 - 4th Courthouse was moved to Cuero, Texas when it became county seat. Building Materials: Wood frame, moved to Cuero for $1100[11] Burned 1894 it was burned on April 8, 1894. According to the newspaper, Hallettsville Herald, it was an eyesore.[10]

1897 5th County Courthouse is located in Cuero, Texas. When It was built the builders vanished without putting the roof on. All feared they would have to hold court outside under trees. It has been renovated and still in use today. (one of the older courthouses!! This is Romanesque Revival style (made of Brown sandstone with pink granite accents which came from Marble Falls. The renovation of the outside was complete. October 27th (2007), but the photographer states there is much more to do. This building's original slate roof, clock and doors are done. It is said there is more to do on the interior. the building is far from done. - Terry Jeanson,[10]

General Contractor: M. Clark, Co.; Building Materials/Description: Red sandstone, Eugene T. Heiner finished project after A. O. Watson dropped out, $95,000. 1957: Interior remodeled by Guido Brothers of San Antonio in early ceramic bathroom style.[11]


Geography

Location -Gulf Coast Plain in SE Texas about 45 miles inland from Copano Bay.
Latitude/Longitude- center point is at 29°05' north latitude and 97°23' west longitude.
Size: 910 square miles, most of which is nearly level to sloping;
Elevation-Greatest elevation is in NW (150 ft in E corner) to 540 feet above sea level in SW.
Post Oak Savannah (Eastern corner and an area along the Gonzales county line) with tall grasses and, along streams, oak, elm, and pecan trees.
Soil - Most of the county is part of the South Texas Plains with dark calcareous clays and sandy and clay loams
Grasses/Trees-clay and so support tall grasses, small trees, shrubs, and crops.
Climate is humid-subtropical.
Temperature - high of 96° F in July- low 44° in January. 1949 had records of 2° and 1954 (110°)
Frost free season- 270 days from March to late November.
Precipitation/rainfall - 33.37 inches, mostly thundershowers.
Creeks/Rivers -Guadalupe River and tributaries, Coleto Creek with smaller creeks, Sandies, Salt, Smith, McCoy, Irish, Cuero, and Clear creeks.

SEE: Dewitt county texas oil/gas shale

Adjacent counties

Northwest
Gonzales County
North
Northeast
Lavaca County
North arrow
West
West arrow DeWitt County, Texas
Location, adjacent counties
East arrow East
South arrow
Southwest
Karnes County
South
Goliad County
Southeast
Victoria County

Demographics

In 2000, there were 20,013 people, 7,207 households, and 5,131 families residing in the county. Thus density was 22 people/sq mile. Racial breakdown was 76.4% White, 11.0% Black or African American with 27.2% of the population - Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.0% were of German Language- 77.2% spoke English, 20.5% Spanish and 1.6% German as their first language.The median income for a household in the county was $28,714, and the median income for a family was $33,513. 16.5% were of those were classed in the poverty level with age 65 or over. The per capita income for the county was $14,780. About 15.3% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 16.5% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Turkey Trot

Highways:

Schools:

Greene B DeWitt Colonists

This is a list of some of the Colonists from DeWitt Colony The ones which show green are profiles which are present on WikiTree. Green DeWitt Colony

DeWitt's Colony, The Colonists encountered many boundary arguments, illegal trade episodes, attacks from Native Americans in their early years of colonization. Gonzales and DeWitt Colony underwent the first battle against the Mexican Army when it tried to take back their Come and Take It Cannon.

Francis Berry married, May 12 1825,
William Bracken Aug 3, 1826
Joseph Campbell married, Mar 22, 1827, 7
William Chase married, Aug 30, 1826, 3
Chirino,Marjila widow, May 30, 1828
Harriet Cottle widow, Nov 12, 1827, 2
Abraham Denton single, Jul 16, 1825, 1
Edward Dickinson single, Apr 25, 1825, 1
Patrick Dowlearn single, Jun 24, 1827, 1
Benjamin Duncan single, Oct 16, 1828, 1
George Foley widower, Nov 20, 1827, 1
Eben Haven married, Jul 13, 1827, 2
Richard Heath single, Oct 24, 1828, 1
Gerron Hinds, married, Apr 13, 1825, 2
Eben Haven married, Jul 13, 1827, 2
Richard Heath single, Oct 24, 1828, 1
Gerron Hinds, married, Apr 13, 1825, 2
Jesse Robinson single, Sep 10, 1827, 1
John Roe single, Apr 25, 1827, 1
John Smothers widower, Sep, 1828, 4
Darwin M. Stapp single, Jun 4, 1828, 1
Berrey, Elizabeth Berry, widow, 43, F, Missouri; Nancy Berry, 14, F; James Berry, 11, M; Rheney :Berry, 8, F; Tillman Berry, 6, M---1 horse, 16 cattle, 23 hogs. ["Viuda," or "widow."]
BRIUNO: Josef M. a Briuno, single, Columbia
BURNS: Arthur Burns, married, 45, M, Misuri (Missouri); Salley Burns, 35, F; Squire Burns, 18, M; :Synthia Burns, 14, F; Lillah Burns, 12, F---3 horses, 7 cattle, 12 hogs
CALLAHAN: Joseph Callahan, single, 30, M, (Tennessee)
CLARK: Samuel Clark, single, 26, M, Quintoke (Kentucky)---1 horse
COLEMAN: Youngs Coleman, single, 23, M, (Tennessee)---1 horse, 2 cattle. [Granted one league in the Austin Colony, 22 Oct 1830]
DEWITT: Green DeWitt, married, 40, M, Misuri (Missouri); Salley DeWitt, 38, F; Eliza DeWitt, 17, F; :Naomi DeWitt, 13, F; Ebalina (Evaline) DeWitt, 11, F; Christopher C. DeWitt, 8, M; Clinton DeWitt, 5,
DEWITT: James DeWitt, widower, 45, M, Misuri (Missouri)---1 horse, 4 cattle
DURBIN: Bazil Durbin, single, 37, M, Misuri (Missouri)---1 horse, 1 cattle. [Granted one league in the Austin Colony, 22 Oct 1830, Durbin was severely wounded in the Indian attack on the Kerr Creek settlement at Gonzales in Jul 1826]
FULCHER: Benjamin Fulcher, single, 23, M, (Illinois)---2 horses, 4 cattle, 10 donkeys, 10 hogs
GREGG: Daring (Darius) Gregg, single, 23, M, Quintoke (Kentucky)---1 horse, 2 cattle. [Received on 6 Apr 1831 a quarter league grant in the Austin Colony]
HARVEY: Robert Harvey, single, 21, M, Misisipi (Mississippi)
HENRY: John W. Henry, single, 35, M, Lusiana (Louisiana)
HIBBENS: John Hibbens, single, 37, M, Neuva Yorke (New York)---2 horses, 100 cattle
KENT: Joseph Kent, single, 25, M, de Inglaterra (England)
JONES: John Jones, married, 50, M, Qunitoke (Kentucky)---1 horse.
KERR: James Kerr, widower, 37, M, Misuri (Missouri); Mary M. Kerr, 5, F; 7 Esclavos (Slaves)---4 horses, 8 cattle, 30 hogs. ["Su muger muerta," or "widower."]
LAWRENCE: John Lawrence, married, 47, M, Quintoke (Kentucky)---1 horse, 4 cattle
LOONEY: Joseph K. Looney, single, 28, M, Quintoke (Kentucky)---1 horse, 2 cattle. 1/4 league grant in Austin Colony[ 20 Nov 1830
  • John McCoy Pennsilvania (Pennsylvania)--4 cattle.
OLIVER: John Oliver, single, 22, M, (Missouri)---1 horse
PERREY: Edward Perrey, single, 30, M, (Massachusetts)---1 horse, 4 cattle
PHILIPS: Alexander Philips, single, 50, M, Misuri (Missouri)---1 horse
PORTER: Fielding Porter, single, 38, M, Alabama---1 horse
SHUP: Samuel Shup, single, 25, M, Pensilvania (Pennsylvania)---14 cattle
SHADE: [Unnamed more than slaves in census, names deduced from Major Kerr's family bible]  :Shade, married, M, Missouri; Annis, F; Jack, M. In Major Kerr's bible, he also lists three female servants named Cynthia Negro, Annette Negro and Rosanah Negro, who probably arrived with Kerr lists the birth of Nelson, son of Shade and Annis, at Lavaca Station in Oct 1827,
SMEATHERS: :William Smeathers (Smothers), widower, 55, M, Indiana---1 horse, 18 cattle, 20 hogs.
TAYLOR: Felix Taylor, married, 35, M, (Tennessee); Elizabeth 18, F; John , 2/3, M---1 horse, 16 hogs
TAYLOR: Josiah Taylor, married, 45, M, Alabama; Hepnebeth Taylor, 34, F; Joannah Taylor, 13, F; :Crud (Creed) Taylor, 11, M; Josiah Taylor, 9, M; Pitean Taylor, 6, M; Rufus Taylor, 5, M; James Taylor, 3, M---12 horses, 39 cattle, 75 hogs
TAYLOR: William Taylor, single, 21, M, Alabama
WHITE: Wiley B. White, single, 25, M, Misuri (Missouri)---4 horses, 8 cattle
WIGHTMAN: Elias R. Wightman, single, 30, M, Neuva Yorke (New York)---1 horse, 20 cattle.
WILLIAMS: John Williams, married, 32, M, (Pennsylvania); Margarett Williams, 45, F---1 horse, 75 cattle, 8 hogs.Williams was one of the "Old 300" Austin Colony land grantees.]


Land grants/Bounties issued to Colony of Texas and Republic of Texas Settlers

Colonists who held grants in the present-day county boundaries are::

José Antonio Valdez
George W. Davis
Valentine Bennet
Churchill Fulshear
Joseph D. Clements
John James Tumlinson
Andrew, David C.
Littleton F. Tumlinson

Heirs of Men FALLEN at the ALAMO:

Heirs of Issaac G Baker - 1920 acres,
Heirs of James George 1920 acres and 640 acres donation
Heirs of Thomas J Jackson 1 league
Heirs of William Phillip King 1/3 league bounty, 640 Aland bounty, 320 acres in Dewitt colony.
Heirs of Thomas Redd Miller received 1920A and 1 league Bounty
Heirs of Claiborne Wright received 1920 acres
Heirs of Robert White 320 Acres and 640 acres in another county
These settlers enjoyed relative peace. A treaty with the Karankawas]] was negotiated in 1827, Tonkawa]] raids were only occasional, and boundary disputes with nearby De León's colony to the south were settled without bloodshed. The only towns in the area were Gonzales to the north, Guadalupe Victoria to the south, and Bexar, the seat of government, to the northwest.

Between 1826 and 1831 the area was settled by people primarily from Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and other Southern states.

State protected areas

Gonzales Memorial Museum, Tx History.
  • Gonzales Memorial Museum

Cities, Towns/ Communities


WikiTree Profiles
Notables

Things to do/see

Cuero has a large turkey growing industry and calls itself as the "Turkey Capital of the World". The turkey industry began serious raising of turkeys as an enterprise in 1908. It celebrates the industry and advertises itself by an annual turkey drive down Main Street.

  • An annual Turkey Trot celebration, which started 1912 is held.
dance music, e day festival with parade, entertainment, food booths.

Census

1850 -- 1,716 —
1860 -- 5,108 197.7%
1870 -- 6,443 26.1%
1880 -- 10,082 56.5%
1890 -- 14,307 41.9%
1900 -- 21,311 49.0%
1910 -- 23,501 10.3%
1920 -- 27,971 19.0%
1930 -- 27,441 −1.9%
1940 -- 24,935 −9.1%
1950 -- 22,973 −7.9%
1960 -- 20,683 −10.0%
1970 -- 18,660 −9.8%
1980 -- 18,903 1.3%
1990 -- 18,840 −0.3%
2000 -- 20,013 6.2%
2010 -- 20,097 0.4%
Est. 2015 -- 20,797

Cemeteries




Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gonzales_County,_Texas
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16
  3. Abolition of Slavery Timeline on Wikipedia
  4. https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth88497/
  5. http://www.sonsofdewittcolony.org//txweb/sonsdewitt.htm
  6. https://www.glo.texas.gov/history/archives/collections/resource-page/DeWitts-Colony-Records.html
  7. http://www.sonsofdewittcolony.org
  8. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/dewitt-county
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sutton–Taylor_feud
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 http://www.texasescapes.com/TexasCourthouses/DeWitt-County-Courthouse-Texas.htm
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 http://texascourthouses.com/project/dewitt-county-courthouse/
  12. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeWitt_County,_Texas




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