Location: Pennsylvania, British Colonial America
Surnames/tags: Cain Kain
THIS PROFILE WAS CREATED TO PRESENT A PUBLISHED CAIN FAMILY HISTORY THAT APPLIES TO NICHOLAS CAIN AND HIS LINE OF DESCENDANTS.
"Descendants of Nicholas Cain" 1736-1986
By Wayne R. Cain and Shirley J. Evans copyright 1986
In chapter one, the authors present several general conclusions about this Cain family. There were 160 different Cain families in America for the first Federal Census in 1790. The authors studied several of these lines and, as a result of those studies, reached the following conclusions. First, the Nicholas Cain line was of foreign origin, as are most, if not all white, families in America. The second is that Nicholas was probably not the first Cain immigrant and there may have been two or three generations born before 1730 in America. Another is that this Cain line is not of English origin, but rather of Dutch or German nationality. This is because of where they lived, in less populated areas, and also who they traveled with and settled among, who were also of Dutch or German nationality. Commonly used given names and religious affiliation were also discussed as factors in determining the profile of a family line.
In this first chapter are four examples of Cain families with similar profiles, which are detailed, but no conclusive evidence was found at the time of writing for connecting them to the line of Nicholas. In other places in the book individuals or families are mentioned who, for one reason or another, are not related, probably to be explicit and avoid confusion. These opinions are given and identified as only the authors views. This is a summary and paraphrase of chapter one that is more usefully informative than most first chapters in family history books, which otherwise deal with flowery heraldry and pure unsupported legend.
This profile page was created to showcase the data, sources, reasoning and conclusions contained in the published Cane family history book "The Descendants of Nicholas Cain" 1736-1986 by Wayne R. Cain and Shirley J. Evans, copyright 1986. Therefore, the first purpose for this page is to make this information more accessible to everyone who is researching this family.
This book contains a treasure trove of images of source documents pertaining to members of this family. The prose narrative describes many details that were probably accumulated from a range of family history collections and was written in an engaging style.
This book contains information on the following profiles, among others:
Nicholas Cain (1714 - 1787)
Wife: (book lists her as Catherine (no middle name and unknown maiden name)
Margaret (Cain) Shaw (1737 - 1783)
James Augustus Cain (abt. 1739 - abt. 1836)
John Cain (1742 - 1834)
Daniel Cain (1743 - 1806)
Edmond Cain (1746 - aft. 1810)
Cornelius Cain (abt. 1747 - 1778)
Jesse Cain (abt. 1748 - abt. 1795)
David Cain (abt. 1749 - 1835)
Anna (Cain) Hipple (1755 - 1783)
John Cain (1708 - 1759)
There is no information in this book on the following profiles:
Daniel Cain (1685 - 1750)
Margaret (McBooy) Cain (1685 - 1745)
Catharina Margaretha (Mann) Cain (abt. 1717 - 1785)
Margaret/Margaretha/Magdelina, mother of Ulrich - only record is Philadelphia passenger list
Mary Fitch born 1658 in Boston
Catharina Margaretha (Catherine) Mann Possibly a composite of two or more identities, one of which may be Catherine (no middle name and unknown maiden name)
Ulrich Wilhelm Cain (1730 - 1783) Ulrich has one supporting source, which is a Philadelphia passenger list that connects him to mother, Margaret and Father Nicholas Carn (not Cain). From Ralph B. Strassburger's Pennsylvania German Pioneers lists for the Pink Plaisance (pp. 78-83) List 22A, 22B, 22C
Jeridiah Cain (1760) There is some information on FamilySearch.org that indicates Jeridiah may be connected to three brothers named Cain who lived in North Carolina. The FS profile for Jeridiah does have one source placing him in NC, but the connection to the other three Cains appears to only be geographically circumstantial.
This is not saying that these profiles should not be connected to the other profiles in this family, it is simply saying that in 1986 there was no evidence that they are connected. Therefore, the second purpose of creating this page is to attract new information and sources that does support these latter profiles. In the event it is determined that there is supported evidence that these individuals should not be connected, or if there is simply a lack of evidence that they should be connected, then they will be disconnected in a proper manner, with consensual input. I have proposed a temporary way to handle POSSIBLE unproven relationships on the profiles of Nicholas, Ulrich, Jeridiah and James, as well as Elizabeth Agnes Kirk and James Cain, both from Montgomery county, Virginia.