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Doby/Dobie Name Study

Privacy Level: Public (Green)
Date: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: Doby Dobie Dobey
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        Doby/Dobie Name Study        

Global Status Page

About the Project

The Doby Name Study is also registered with the Guild of One Name Studies.

The Doby/Dobie Name Study is a registered one-name study with the Guild of One Name Studies. The project serves as a collaborative platform to collect information on the Doby/Dobie name and all the related surnames and spelling variants. The hope is that other researchers like you will join the study to help make it a valuable reference point for other genealogists who are researching or have an interest in the Doby name.

Table of Contents

Project Members

Current Major Areas of Research

Related Surnames and Surname Variants

  • Doby
  • Dobby
  • Dobey
  • Dobbey
  • Dobie
  • Dobbie
  • Dobe
  • Dobbe

United States

Most White/Caucasian Dobys in the United States can trace their roots to John Doby who immigrated from England (probably) to Surry County, Virginia sometime before 1677, when he bought land in James City County, Virginia. This Doby family settled in Albemarle Parish, Surry County, Virginia before branching out primarily to North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Georgia, but with branches of the family all over the country.

There are many branches of Black/African American Dobys in the United States. Their families can be traced to Doby slave owners in Virginia and South Carolina. Many of the Dobys in southeast Virginia in the 1600 and 1700s owned slaves. Additionally, James Cureton Doby (1801-1850) from Camden, SC was one of the largest slave owners in the county in the early 1800s.[1][2]

As of March 31, 2023 there are 5280 people in the Doby/Dobie tree for the United States. The focus of the current research is the descendants of Sarah A Doby (1849-). She was born in Davidson County, NC. Her descendants spread out to Randolph, Stanley, Guilford, Mecklenburg, Surry and others in North Carolina, plus several locations in Virginia and West Virginia.

For updates on the project, like our Facebook page.

The research of the Doby/Dobie family in the United States will culminate in a series of books about the Doby family history and genealogy which will be divided into many volumes:

  • Volume 1: First Settlers & Virginia. This volume will document the immigration and settlement of John Doby (1640-1722) from England (probabaly) to Virginia as well as his descendants in Virginia. It will also document to movement of Doby family members from VIrginia that resulted in large groups of Dobys in other regions of the country.
  • Volume 2: North Carolina. This volume is currently in progress and is expected to be available in late 2023. It will cover the history and descendants of John Doby (1750-aft.1833), who is the progenitor of most Dobys that live in North Carolina. As of May 2022, the research has disovered large groups of descendants in Alamance, Davidson, Guilford, Mecklenburg, Orange, Randolph, Rowan, Stanly, Stokes, and Surry counties.
  • Volume 3: South Carolina. This volume will cover the history and descendants of John Doby (1742-1781).
  • Volume 4: Texas. This volume will cover the history and descendants of William Edmund Doby (Dunlap) (1777-1835).
  • Volume 5: Georgia. This volume will cover the history and descendants of William Augustus Doby (1798-1880).
  • Volume 6: African American. This volume will cover those of African descent who do not descend from John Doby (1640-1722), but got the Doby name from slave owners.


The Dobies in Canada can mostly be traced to Ireland and Scotland. The most comprehensive research on the Dobie/Doby family in Canada has been conducted by Charles Dobie. His research has not been entered into Wikitree yet, but it can be found here.


The Dobies of Australia can mostly be traced back to Scotland in the early 1800s. The most comprehensive research on the Dobie family in Australia has been conducted by Paul Doby. His research has not been entered into Wikitree yet, but it can be found here.

Research Pages

Here are some of the current research pages included in the study:

  • The Ancestry tree for the Doby/Dobie family in the United States.
  • Genealogy website for the Dobie family of Canada.
  • Genealogy website for the Dobie family of Australia.
  • The early Doby settlers in Rowan and Davidson Counties, NC, USA have been very confusing for many years. The research on the first generation of Dobys in those counties can be found here.

Wikitree Profiles and Categories



Task List

  • Add all persons to the Ancestry tree and to Wikitree. Progress tracked here: Doby Name Study Progress
  • Research and document Black/African American Doby lines in the United States. (needs a researcher)
  • Setup a Doby DNA project on (Project requested in April 2023)
  • Separate Doby Name Study category by country.

Related Web Pages

Common Errors Found in Family Trees

  • Moses Doby - The Wikitree and Ancestry entries to Moses Doby were originally created by Allan Capps based on a marriage index. After the original, hand-written marriage record was found, it was clear that the last name was DOTY, not DOBY, meaning when the marriage index was transcribed from the marriage record, it was incorrectly written as "Doby". There is currently no record that a Moses Doby ever existed in North Carolina. If you find information to the contrary, please contact Allan Capps.
  • John Jarrot Doby - Many Ancestry trees have an entry for John Jarrot Doby. John and Jarrot are two different people. Both can be found on the 1790 Census in North Carolina. John Doby (abt.1640-1722) was a white man who was counted on the 1790 Census in Wake County, NC. Jarrott Doby was a Free Person of Color who was counted on the 1790 Census in Northampton County, NC. If you find sources to the contrary, please contact Allan Capps.

How to Join the Project

To join the Doby Name Study, please contact the Doby/Dobie Name-Study Coordinator: Allan Capps for assistance.

  • Login to request to the join the Trusted List so that you can edit and add images.
  • Private Messages: Contact the Profile Managers privately: One Name Studies WikiTree and Allan Capps. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
  • Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)
  • Public Q&A: These will appear above and in the Genealogist-to-Genealogist (G2G) Forum. (Best for anything directed to the wider genealogy community.)

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